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仁爱版英语八年级下册同步测试Unit 7 Topic 2及参考答案及解析

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               Unit 7             Food Festival
     Topic 2       I’m not sure whether I can cook it well.
                       (考试时间:90     分钟,满分:100      分)
              第一部分                第二部分              第三部分             总分
  题号
         Ⅰ     Ⅱ    Ⅲ    Ⅳ   Ⅰ     Ⅱ    Ⅲ    Ⅳ   Ⅰ     Ⅱ     Ⅲ
  得分

                      第一部分  听力(20                分)
Ⅰ. 听句子,选择正确答语。每个句子读一遍。(5                   分)
(   )1. A. Thank you.      B. I’m happy.         C. Congratulations!
(   )2. A. Of course not.  B. Yes, I would.      C. You decide. 
(   )3. A. Fish is delicious! B. Thank you.      C. Yes, I’m hungry. 
(   )4. A. Noodles.        B. Smoking.           C. Apples. 
(   )5. A. Oh, I know.
      B. Why not send him to see a doctor?
      C. I’m sorry to hear that. 
Ⅱ. 听对话及问题,选择正确答案。每段对话及问题读两遍。(5                         分)
(   )6. A. No, he doesn’t. B. Yes, he does.      C. He doesn’t want to tell her. 
(   )7. A. The knife.      B. The fork.          C. The spoon.
(   )8. A. Lemonade.       B. Tea.               C. Coffee. 
(   )9. A. Japanese food.  B. Western food.      C. Chinese food. 
(   )10. A. Eggs and milk. B. Eggs and porridge. C. Pancakes and porridge. 
Ⅲ. 听两段对话,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。(5                     分)
    听第一段对话,完成第          11,12 小题。
(   )11. Lin Feng wants to buy      .
       A. some cakes       B. some chocolate     C. some flowers
(   )12. The girl needs to go to      .
       A. the cake shop    B. the flower shop    C. the supermarket
    听第二段对话,完成第          13-15 小题。
(   )13. The man wants to have breakfast      .
       A. in the restaurant B. in his room       C. in the hall
(   )14. The man would like to have breakfast      .
       A. at 7:00 a.m.     B. at 7:30 a.m.       C. at 9:00 a.m.
(   )15. The woman may be      .
       A. a waitress       B. the man’s friend   C. the man’s wife
Ⅳ. 听短文,填表格。短文读两遍。(5               分)
          Name                               Activities
          Feifei                 Prepare some salt,   16    and pepper.
         David                     17    up some vegetables and   18   .
         Li Hua                    19    some green onions.
        Dongdong                 Prepare the   20    in the kitchen.
16.       17.       18.       19.       20.       
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                第二部分  英语知识运用(55                        分)
Ⅰ. 单项选择。(10      分)
(   )1. It’s very kind ____ you to help me with my English. 
       A. for           B. with           C. of               D. to
(   )2. —Would you mind opening the window?
       —____ Please do as you like.
       A. Certainly not. B. Sure.         C. You’d better not. D. Never mind.
(   )3. Please ____ the ham and green onions finely, then add them to the bread. 
       A. cut up        B. cut into       C. cut in           D. cut off
(   )4. Don’t worry. My father will ____ us up in the car if it rains tomorrow. 
       A. bring         B. take           C. carry            D. pick
(   )5. I remembered ____ off the light last night, but it was still on. 
       A. turning       B. to turn        C. turned           D. turn
(   )6. I don’t know ____ or not the film is suitable for children.
       A. if            B. whether        C. weather          D. which
(   )7. In last English exam, I did ____ than Li Lei.
       A. good          B. well           C. better           D. best
(   )8. It’s ____ to ____ the food on your plate, so don’t take more food than you need.
       A. polite; eat   B. impolite; eat  C. polite; eat up   D. impolite; eat up
(   )9. It’s impolite ____ laugh at others in our country.
       A. to            B. for            C. on to            D. with
(   )10. The young man played the computer games so ____ that I couldn’t sleep well.
       A. noise         B. noisily        C. noisy            D. noisier
Ⅱ. 情景交际。(5      分)
根据对话情景选择恰当的选项。
  A. I had no enough time to sleep.
  B. I can get to school on time. 
  C. Your whole day will be fun after you enjoy a good breakfast. 
  D. I don’t eat anything in the morning. 
  E. You just want to sleep for a few more minutes. 
A: Meimei! It’s time to get up, or you’ll be late!
B: Don’t worry, Mom.   11  
A: How? With so little time!
B: You know, sometimes   12  
A: But a good breakfast is very important, so you should have breakfast on time. 
B: Mom, last night I had so much homework to do that   13  
A: I see.   14   But it doesn’t take you much time to have breakfast. 
B: OK, Mom. I’m coming. 
A: Meimei, having breakfast on time can help you to work better and play more happily.   15  
B: I know, Mom. Thank you. It’s time to go. Bye-bye. 
A: Bye. 
11.      12.      13.      14.      15.      
Ⅲ. 完形填空。(10      分)
     People in different countries have different ways of doing things. Something is   16   in 
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one country, but it may be quite impolite in another. In Britain, you mustn’t lift your bowl to 
your
  17   when you are having some liquid(液体) food. But it’s   18   in China. And in Japan 
you even needn’t worry about making   19   while you are having it. It shows that you’re 
enjoying it. But people in Britain think it is bad manners. If you are a visitor in Mongolia, what 
manners do they wish   20   to have? They wish you to have a loud “burp”(打嗝)   21   
you finish eating. Burping shows that you like the food.
     In Britain, you should try not to   22   your hands on the table when you’re having a 
meal. In Mexico, however, guests may keep their hands on the table during a meal. But in Arab(阿
拉伯) countries you must be very careful with your hands. You   23   eat with your left hand. 
Arabs consider(认为) it very   24   manners eating with left hands. So when you are in other 
countries,   25   carefully and follow them. As a saying goes, “Do as the Romans do. ”
(   )16. A. bad         B. useful         C. terrible         D. polite
(   )17. A. mouth       B. nose           C. ears             D. eyes
(   )18. A. same        B. different      C. important        D. difficult
(   )19. A. faces       B. noises         C. mistakes         D. friends
(   )20. A. them        B. her            C. you              D. him
(   )21. A. after       B. before         C. if               D. until
(   )22. A. give        B. take           C. bring            D. put
(   )23. A. needn’t     B. must not       C. shouldn’t        D. may not
(   )24. A. different   B. important      C. good             D. bad
(   )25. A. see         B. look           C. read             D. watch
Ⅳ. 阅读理解。(30      分)
                                     (A) 
    When you’re invited to have dinner at a foreigner’s home, please remember the followings. 
    At the table, when the hostess(女主人) picks up her napkin, you may pick up yours and put it 
on your legs.
    If a servant(佣人) passes food around, he will pass the dish to you at your left hand so that 
you can easily serve yourself with your right hand. Never serve yourself while the dish is on your 
right. It is then the turn of your neighbour on the right.
    Do not reach across the table to get something in front of someone. That is not polite. Ask 
him or her to pass it to you.
    There are things in the middle of the table, such as bread, butter, and candies. You shouldn’t 
take any until the hostess tells the servant to pass them to you.
    Do not leave your seat without saying anything. If you need to leave the table to go to the 
washroom or do something else, you should say “Excuse me for a moment, please. ”
根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。
(   )26. You should put your napkin on your legs before the hostess picks up hers. 
(   )27. The dish is passed to you on either side. 
(   )28. If the food is far from you, you shouldn’t stand up to serve yourself. 
(   )29. You may take any food at any time. 
(   )30. When you have to leave your seat, you need to say “Excuse me for a moment, please. ”
                                      (B)
    Dumplings are traditional Chinese food. On the lunar New Year’s Day, most families make a 
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lot of delicious dumplings. To make them, we can follow these easy steps.
    The first step is to mix the flour(面粉) with water. When the dough(面团) is ready, we can 
begin to make dumpling wrappers(薄皮). We roll the dough into small, thin and round pieces so 
that they can be easy to cook. Then it’s time to prepare the filling(馅), usually, we use meat such 
as beef or pork, and some vegetables for filling. Remember to cut these things into small pieces, 
put some salt and oil into it and mix them.
    When all these are done, we can start making dumplings. First put a spoonful of filling in the 
center of the wrappers. Then stick(粘) the two opposite sides together. The best shape of 
dumplings is like a ship. When they are boiling in the pan, they look like ships sailing in the sea. 
The smell can make your mouth water.
根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。
(   )31. Most families make a lot of dumplings on ____.
       A. Dragon Boat Day                 B. Christmas Day
       C. the lunar New Year’s Day        D. Mid-autumn Day
(   )32. The second step is ____.
       A. to make wrappers                B. to mix the flour
       C. to prepare the filling          D. to cook them in the pan
(   )33. To make the filling, we need to prepare ____.
       A. some meat                       B. some vegetables
       C. some salt and oil               D. all of the above
(   )34. The best shape of dumplings is ____.
       A. round         B. like a cake    C. like a ship      D. like a dough
(   )35. The best title for the passage is ____.
       A. What Dumplings Look Like        B. How to Make Filling
       C. How to Make Dumplings           D. The Lunar New Year’s Day
                                     (C)
    An important question about eating out is who pays for the meal. If a friend of yours asks you 
to have lunch with him, you may say something like this, “I’m afraid it’ll have to be someplace 
cheap, as I have very little money.” The other person may say, “OK, I’ll meet you at McDonald’s.”
    This means that the two agree to go Dutch, that is, each person pays for himself. He may also 
says,“Oh, no, I want to take you to lunch at Smith’s.” This means the person wants to pay for 
you. If you feel friendly towards this person, you can go with him and you needn’t pay for the 
meal. 
    American customs about who pays for dates(约会) are almost the same as in other parts of 
the world. In the old days, American women wanted men to pay for all the meals. But today, a 
university girl or a woman in the business world will usually pay her own meal. So as you can see, 
it is a polite thing to make the question clear at the very beginning. 
根据短文内容,完成下列各题。
36. 将文中第一个下画线句子翻译成汉语。
    _________________________________________________________________________
37. 第二段中的画线部分的意思是                  。
       A. 去饭馆           B. 订餐             C. 就餐               D. 各自付款
38. In the old days ____ often paid for all the meals in America. 
39. If you feel friendly to the person, _______________________________. 
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40. We’d better know who will pay for the meal ______________________. 

                      第三部分  写作(25                分)
Ⅰ. 词汇部分。(10      分)
(A)根据句意,用括号内所给单词的适当形式填空。
41. The tea is too strong. You need _________ (add) some more water slowly. 
42. In parts of India, people use their _________ (finger) to pick up the food. 
43. I think rice is grown in the _________ (south) part of China. 
44. It’s _________ (polite) to leave as soon as you finish eating in China.
45. It’s bad for your health if you always have _________ (quickly) breakfasts.
(B)根据句意及汉语提示填空。
46. Tom likes fruit very much, and he often _________ (吃光) ten apples in a few minutes. 
47. If you go to a formal western dinner party for the first time, you’d better know about 
   western_________ (餐桌礼节).
48. Our English class often _________ (以……开始) a lively song, so we all like it. 
49. When he was _________ (为……干杯) me, I gave him a hug. 
50. The child is at the age of two, he needs someone to _________(切碎) his food for him. 
Ⅱ. 句型转换。(5      分)
51. Would you mind opening the door?(改为同义句)
   Would you mind _________ _________ open the door?
52. My favorite food is dumplings. (对画线部分提问)
   _________ _________ _________ favorite food?
53. I wanted to know ...
   How did you make sandwiches?(合并为含宾语从句的复合句)
   ___________________________________________________________
54. Mike arrived earlier than anyone else in his class.
   Mike arrived _________ in his class.
55. You’d better cook chicken soup tonight. (改为否定句)
   You’d _________ _________ cook chicken soup tonight. 
Ⅲ. 书面表达。(10      分)
    你的美国笔友想学做一道中国菜,这有一个食谱,试着向你的朋友介绍一下做法,词
数在   40—50 之间。
    原料:豆芽(bean sprouts),盐。
    步骤:首先把锅放在火上。然后在锅里倒一些油,油热了之后,放入豆芽、盐,翻炒
(stir fry)一两分钟。最后将豆芽盛入盘子里。
    ___________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
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                        听       力       材       料
                             Unit 7    Topic 2

Ⅰ.  听句子,选择正确答语。每个句子读一遍。
   1. Mom, our team won the football game today.
   2. Would you mind if I close the door?
   3. Help yourselves to some fish, kids!
   4. What’s your father cooking?
   5. My father was hurt when he was cutting up the meat. 
Ⅱ.  听对话及问题,选择正确答案。每段对话及问题读两遍。
   6. W: Could you tell me how to make fried rice?
     M: I’m sorry I don’t know. You can ask Li Mei. 
     Q: Does the boy know how to make fried rice?
   7. W: What should I do when I go to a formal western dinner party?
     M: You should keep the knife in your right hand and the fork in your left hand. 
     W: Thanks. 
     Q: What should the woman keep in her left hand?
   8. W: What do you often drink after a meal, Mike?
     M: I often drink some water, but sometimes I drink tea. What about you, Nancy?
     W: I usually drink lemonade. 
     Q: What does Nancy usually drink after a meal?
   9. M: I like Japanese food very much. What about you, dear?
     W: In my view, nothing is better than Chinese food.
     Q: What does the woman think the best food is?
   10. W: Do people in your hometown have eggs and milk for breakfast, Dingding?
      M: I don’t think so. Most of them have pancakes and porridge for breakfast. 
      Q: What do people in Dingding’s hometown have for breakfast?
Ⅲ.  听两段对话,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。
               听第一段对话,完成第 11,12 小题。
      W: Lin Feng, where are you going? You are in such a hurry.
      M: Let’s go to the flower shop. I want to buy some flowers for my room.
      W: Sorry, I can’t go with you. Today is my mother’s birthday.
      M: That’s great! But what’s the problem?
      W: My mother likes chocolate cakes. I need to go to the cake shop.
      M: OK. Give my best wishes to your mother. 
               听第二段对话,完成第 13-15 小题。
      M: May I have breakfast in my room?
      W: Certainly, sir. Breakfast is served in your room from 7:00 to 9:00. Here is the menu. 
         What would you like to eat?
      M: Let me see. A Sandwich and two eggs.
      W: Would you like something to drink, apple juice or orange juice?
      M: A glass of orange juice, please.
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      W: And what time would you like them?
      M: At about 7:30, I think.
      W: OK. Thanks a lot. Good night!
Ⅲ.  听短文,填表格。短文读两遍。
   Today is Sunday. Feifei, David, Li Hua and Dongdong are making dumplings at home. Look! 
Feifei is preparing some salt, oil and pepper. David is cutting up some vegetables and pork. Li 
Hua is adding some green onions. Where is Dongdong? He is preparing the cooker in the kitchen. 
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                            参考答案
                            Unit 7     Topic 2
                            第一部分  听力

Ⅰ. 1-5    C A B A C
Ⅱ. 6-10   A B A C C
Ⅲ. 11-15  C A B B A
Ⅳ. 16. oil        17. Cut        18. pork        19. Add        20. cooker
                       第二部分         英语知识运用

Ⅰ. 1. C   考查句式    It’s+形容词+of/for sb. +to do sth.当形容词表示人的性格特征时用           of。
          故选  C。
   2. A   考查  Would  you mind doing sth.?的答语,“不介意”常用          Of course not.或
          Certainly not.来表达。故选  A。
   3. A   考查动词短语词义辨析。cut up         切碎;cut into  把……切成……; cut in     把……切
          开;cut off 切断,砍掉。句意是“请把火腿,洋葱切碎,然后把它们加到面包
          上”。故选     A。
   4. D   考查动词短语词义辨析。pick sb. up        开车接某人;bring up     养育,教养(孩子);
           take up 占去(时间或空间);carry up      追溯。句意是“别焦急,如果明天下雨,
          我爸爸开车来接我们。”故选             D。
   5. A   考查  remember to do sth. 与 remember doing sth. 的区别。remember to do sth.表
          示“记得要做某事”;remember          doing sth. 表示“记得做过某事”。语境是记
          得昨晚关过灯。故选         A。
   6. B   考查  if 和 whether 的用法。二者都可以引导宾语从句;只能用                whether 和 or 
          not 连用,不能用     if。故选  B。
   7. C   考查副词    well 的比较级为    better。故选  C。
   8. C   根据后半句可推断出“吃光自己盘中食物是礼貌品的”,eat                         up 吃光,吃完。
故
          选 C。
   9. A   考查句型    It’s+形容词+to do sth.故选 A。
   10. B  考查副词的用法。noise(名词)噪音;noisy(形容词)吵闹的;noisier             为  noisy 的比较
          级;noisily(副词)吵闹地,修饰动词短语           play computer games。故选 B。
Ⅱ. 11-15   B D A E C
Ⅲ. 16. D  由句意“在一个国家是礼貌的行为,但是在另外一个国家可能是不礼貌的行为”

          可知,前后应该是对应的。故选             D。
   17. A  吃饭的时候肯定与嘴有关,与鼻子、耳朵和眼睛没有关系。句意为“在英国,
当
          你吃带汤的食物时,一定不要把碗举到嘴边”。故选                      A。
   18. B  本文主要讲不同的国家有着不同的饮食习惯。这里将中国和英国的情况进行比
          较。same  意为“相同的”;important       意为“重要的”;different     意为“不同的”
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;
          difficult 意为“困难的”。故选       B。
   19. B  句意“在日本你甚至不必要担心吃饭时发出声音,因为那表明你非常喜欢这顿
          饭。” make faces 做鬼脸;make noises   发出噪音;make mistakes    犯错误;
          make friends 交朋友。故选   B。
   20. C  句意“在蒙古,人们希望你吃饭后能打个饱嗝,这表明你很喜欢这些食物。”
          前后人称要一致。故选          C。
   21. A  打嗝肯定是在吃完饭之后。故选             A。
   22. D  由句意“在英国吃饭不能把胳膊放在桌子上”可知。故选                        D。
   23. B  由前一句“在阿拉伯国家,你一定当心你的手”和后一句“阿拉伯人认为用左
手
          吃饭是不礼貌的”可知。故选             B。
   24. D  阿拉伯人认为用左手吃饭是一种不好的行为。故选                     D。
   25. D  由句意“当你去其他国家时,要仔细观察和遵守人家的习俗”可知。故选                              D。
Ⅳ. (A)
   26. F  由第二段中     when the hostess picks up her napkin, you may pick up yours and put it 
          on your legs. 可知本题是错误的。
   27. F  由第三段中     he will pass the dish to you at your left hand so that you can easily serve 
          yourself with your right hand. 可知本题是错误的。
   28. T  由第四段中     Do not reach across the table ... 可知本题是正确的。
   29. F  由第五段中     You shouldn’t take any until the hostess tells the servant to pass them to 
          you. 可知本题是错误的。
   30. T  由本篇短文最后一个句子可知本题是正确的。
   (B)
   31. C  由第一段第二句可知,在农历新年,家家户户包饺子。故选                         C。
   32. A  由第二段第二句可知,包饺子第二步是擀皮。故选                     A。
   33. D  由第二段后几句可知,做馅要准备一些肉、蔬菜、油和盐等。故选                            D。
   34. C  由第三段第四句可知,the best shape of dumplings is like a ship.故选 C。
   35. C  读完全文可知,整篇文章是告诉我们怎样包饺子。故选                       C。
   (C)
   36. 外出就餐的一个重要的问题就是谁来付钱。
   37. D  根据第二段     This means that the two agree to go Dutch, that is, each person pays for 
      himself. 可知 go Dutch 的意思为“各自付款”。故选           D。
   38. men  根据第三段     In the old days, American women wanted men to pay for all the meals. 
      可知,美国妇女是让男士付所有的饭钱。故填                    men。
   39. you can accept his invitation / go with him
      由第二段     If you feel friendly towards this person, you can go with him and you needn’t 
                           pay for the meal. 可知。   
   40. at the beginning
      根据第三段最后一句         So as you can see, it is a polite thing to make the question clear at 
      the very beginning. 可知在美国吃饭时,你最好先知道谁付账。

                             第三部分         写作
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Ⅰ. (A) 41. (to) add 42. fingers  43. southern      44. impolite  45. quick
   (B)46. eats up 47. table manners  48. begins with           49. drinking to              50. cut up
Ⅱ. 51. if I
   52. What is your
   53. I wanted to know how you made sandwiches. 
   54. earliest
   55. better not
Ⅲ.  参考范文:
    Now let me show you how to make fried bean sprouts.
    First, put the pan over the fire. And then pour some oil into it. When the oil is hot, put the 
bean sprouts into the pan. Add some salt. Stir fry them for one or two minutes. Finally, put the 
bean sprouts on the plate. 
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