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新目标英语八年级下册:词汇专练

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                       新目标英语八年级下册词汇专练
                                    Unit1
A)根据所给中文完成下列句子。  
1.Many _____________(乘客)got hurt in the accident.  
2. Take some _____________(药)and have a good rest. You’ll be better soon. 
3. She is _____________(躺)on the beach and enjoying the sun.
 4.What’s the ______(问题)with your grandmother? 
5.They are talking about his ______(苦恼).   
6.My little sister cut her______(膝盖)just now. She is crying. 
7.His dog’s________(死,死亡)made him very sad.  
8.She has a very sore _______(喉咙),she should drink much water. 
9.When we are in danger , it’s very important to make a good _______(决定). 
10.Aron had a very strong _________(护士) first. 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. Look! The baby has three _____________ ( tooth ) now.  
2. —Do I need ________(see) a doctor?—No. You needn’t ________(see)a doctor.
 3. There is something wrong with your throat. You’d better ___________ ( drink ) lots of water. 

4. It’s important for us _____________ ( keep ) in good health. 
5. He has a headache. He should _____________ ( go ) to bed early. 
6. It is fun _____________ ( swim ) in such a hot day.  
7. Could you give me some _____________ ( advice ) about my math? 
8. Don’t be _____________ ( stress ) out. It’s bad for your health.
 9. ___________(eat) apples is good for my health.  
10. Doctors often tell us___________(exercise) more every day.  
                                    Unit2
A)根据所给中文完成下列句子。  
1. Gina _______________ (自愿做) to help me with my English. 
2. Let’s make some ______________ (布告).     
3. A lot of people in the countryside are very_________(孤独). 
4. Sally has______________ (几个) friends in China.  
5. She got a feeling of _______________(满足) when she succeeded in her work. 
6. Our school plans to _______________ (募集) money for the sick student. 
7. You can’t_________________ (想象)what life will be like in 10 years. 
8. The old man is______________ (聋的) .He can’t hear anything.
 9.I _______________ (理解) what you mean.  
10. An elephant _______________ (扛) heavy things with its nose. 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1.What should we do to help stop _____________ (hungry) ?        
2.Let’s try our best to help______________ (home) children.  
3.The man is blind. The woman is deaf. They are ______________(disable) people. 
4.I feel very _______________(luck) to have a kind friend like you. 
5.I came here ________________(special ) to see you. 
6.We can’t put off _______________(have) the meeting.  
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7.Not only he but also I____________(be) good at playing basketball. 
8.They all volunteer their time_______________(help) other people. 
9.Thank you for________________(invite) me to your home.
10.Along the street you can see many traffic________(sign).  
                                    Unit3
A) 根据所给中文完成下列句子。 
1. Throw these __________ (垃圾) in the bin.  
2. I don’t want to see the film and __________ (而且) I haven’t got any money.  
3. I _________ (折叠) the letter and put it in the envelope. 
4. There was a terrible _________ (杂乱) after the party. 
5. He can’t swim. ________ (也不) can I. 
6. Could you _______ (递) me the salt? 
7. She _______ (厌恶) the smell of smoke.  
8. The telephone rang __________ (在……期间) I was having a shower. 
9. I tried to find a job in order to _______ (提供) clothes and food for my family. 
10. He ________ (依靠) on you to help him. 
B) 用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. Could you please _________ (sweep) he floor? 
2. You will find several shops in the _________ (neighbor). 
3. He __________ (develop) the little shop into a big store. 
4. The streets were littered with __________ (rubbish). 
5. Could you make your bed and _________ (fold) your clothes? 
6. Did you receive ________ (fairness) treatment? 
7. Could you please _________ (pass) me that book? 
8. Don’t do that. It’s a _________ (waste) of time. 
9. The climber __________ (drop) and hurt himself.  
10. When you’re scared but you still do it _________ (anyway), that’s brave.  
                                    Unit4
A) 根据所给中文完成下列句子。  
1. We shouldn’t ________ (允许) teenagers to smoke. 
2. We’re late because we took the _________ (错误的) way. 
3. Can you _________ (猜测) how old he is?  
4. _________ (交流) is difficult when two people don’t speak the same language. 
5. They are always ________ (争吵) with each other about money. 
6. Look at those dark __________ (云). It’s going to rain.  
7. My _______ (年纪较长的) brother lives in France and younger one lives in London.  
8. It’s too wet to walk. We’ll go swimming ________ (代替). 
9. I’ll do _________ (任何) I can to help you. 10. He __________ (自愿给予) me a drink 
yesterday. 
B) 用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. The teacher usually __________ (explain) the new words to us. 
2. I _______ (copy) out her notes into my notebook yesterday. 
3. They _______ (return) from Italy last week.  
4. The car broke down so we had to ________ (push) it to a garage. 
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5. We studied the __________ (develop) of babies in their first year of life. 
6. Smoking can _________ (cause) lung cancer.  
7. You must be ________ (crazily) to ride a bike at night with no lights. 
8. After finishing Unit 6, let’s ________ (continue) to learn Unit 7. 
9. ________ (compare) your translation with ours.  
10. It’s not ________ (usually) for children to go to school on Saturday.  
                                    Unit5
A)根据所给中文完成下列句子。  
1.His car didn’t work during the heavy             (暴风雨). 
2.Then a              (奇怪的)thing happened.  
3.There was a strong              (风)blowing outside. 
4.              (突然),the phone rang while I was reading.  
5.The two              (小学生) are helping the old granny cross the street. 
6.The bank            (最近)opened in Germany. 
7.I understand             (完全地).  
8.Look at the             (奇怪的)thing .What is it? 
9.Do you think she’s telling the_     __(真相)?  
10.If we don’t prepare for the speech contest, they will _           __(战胜)us.
 B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. What _     __ your parents_     __ (do) at nine o’clock last night. 
2. We had no classes at that time. We_     __  (plant) trees.    
3. When the rainstorm _     __ (sudden) came, what were you doing?  
4. He hit his hand _     _ (heavy)against the wall.   
5. The news on TV _     _ (report) that a heavy rain was in the area. 
6. We stood there for a moment _     _ (silence)    
7. He is_     _ (sleep) and he has slept for 10 hours.  
8. The room is dark, please turn on these_     _ ( light). 
9. She_     _ (make) her dress then whole afternoon.  
10. I_     _( telephone) a friend when Bob _     _(come) in.  
                                    Unit6
1.The young ____________(夫妻)decided to move to Shanghai. 
2.His mother bought a_____________(金的)ring.  
3.The king has many____________ (妻子),but he likes Mary best. 
4.The boy thought the emperor was very ____________(愚蠢的). 
5.The sun is ____________(照耀) bright. Let’s go to the beach to have a sunbath. 
6.Wu Song is so ____________(勇敢)that he can beat the tiger. 
7.David is her ____________(丈夫).They married 2 years ago.  
8.The teacher____________(提醒)me to take my ID card to school tomorrow. 
9.He did his homework the   ____________day(一整天). 
10.He speaks in a low____________(嗓音). 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. Why do you keep____________(laugh) all the time. 
2. I can’t seem____________(get) the story straight.    
3. You should go shopping instead of____________ (stay) at home. 
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4. He continued____________ (work) when he was ill.  
5. Yu Gong found a good way____________ (solve ) his problem 
6. They plan  ____________ (climb) the mountain this weekend. 
7. I heard them____________ (laugh) when I pass his house.  
8. Guo Jingming began ____________ (write) novels when he was 16 years old.. 
9. In England ,pupils____________ (be) able to watch a new TV program called Monkey. 
10. Last year I went to Qingdao and _____________( fall) in love with it.  
                                    Unit7
A)根据汉语或首字母提示完成下列句子。  
1. China has the largest _______________(人口)in the world. 
2. An _____________(成年的)elephant weighs around six tons(吨). 
3. The room covered ten ____________(平方) miles.  
4. The first woman to ____________(成功) in climbing the Qomolangma was Junko Tabei from 
Japan.  
5. People lived in terrible ______________(条件)in the past.
 6. His father____________(死) from traffic accident last year. 
7. The Great Wall ia an ____________(古老的) man-made object.  
8. Many animals are in danger. We should do something to ___________(保护)them. 
9. The well(井) is 30 meters ________(深).  
10. Ten people, ____________(包含) a baby, were hurt in the accident(事故). 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. I believe you will ____________(successful) if you don’t give up. 
2. It was__________(freeze) cold tha morning. 
3. The elephant ____________(weight) 5,000 kilos.
 4. Many ____________(tour) come to visit the Great Wall.  
  5. We all think Zhang Lili is the____________________(beautiful) woman teacher in China.   
                                    Unit8
A)根据汉语或首字母提示完成下列句子。 
1. China science and _______________(科技)is developing(发展) fast. 
2. His son has studied  _____________(在国外)for five years. 
3. We all know Diaoyu Islands _____________(属于) to China forever. 
4. Alice in Wonderland is a __________________(名著).  
5. They live in one of the most _______________(现代的)cities in the world. 
6. A boy came across the gaden__________________(朝着)them . 
7. He is from France and he can speak ______________(法语) very well. 
8. I will remember the day _______________(永远). 
9. Tom found a lot of ____________(财宝) on the old island. 
10. We all lost ourselves in the _______________(美丽) of the nature. 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. Yesterday’s talent show was a great ______________(succeed). 
2. She has already ______________(read) the book. 
3. Do you realize the ______________(important) of health. 
4. _____________(listen) to music is a good way to relax. 
5. May students are ________________(interest) in pop music.   
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                    Unit9
A)根据所给中文完成下列句子。  
1. I have never heard of any_______________ (厕所)museums. 
2. Our hometown is a _______________ (和平的) village. 
3. Practice makes_______________ (完美的). 
4. She had an_______________ (不寻常的)experience.  
5. _____________(不管)you like running or jumping, you can take part in them in the sports 
meeting.  
6. _______________ Festival (春节) is often in January or February. 
7. These are_______________ (社会的)problems.  
8. Parents should_______________ (鼓励)children to do things by themselves. 
9. You have made_______________ (进步)in your English.  
10. It’s _______________ (难以置信的) that he didn’t pass the exam. 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. It’s a great way        (spend ) a Saturday afternoon.      
2 Have you ever_____(study) with more than three friends? 
3 I _____never _____(see) such an exciting movie. 
4.We saw him _____(read) a book when we passed.   
5.He is late, he has ________(probable) missed the early bus. 
6.There are four _______(thousand) people in the park. 
7.The pianist gave a fine _______(perform).  
8.Four –fifths of the juice ______(be) orange. It’s very pure.  
9.Why not ______(join)an English club to practice ______(speak) English? 
10.The collector has many ______(collection).  
                                    Unit10
A)根据所给中文完成下列句子。  
1. We all _______________ (把……视为)him as an honest friend.  
2. The building is some c              (世纪)old.  
3. The teacher is______________________(检查) out our homework 
4. Look!She’s standing  _________(在……其中)the ten children. 
5. Baby has a             (柔软的) skin.  
6.          (尤其是)      is Tom good at swimming.  
7. They will h          a meeting to discuss this problem tomorrow. 
8. Can you c       (数数)   numbers?  
9. Yesterday I bought two        (围巾)for my mother and my sister. 
10. Tom is a ___________(诚实的)boy/an ___________(诚实的)boy . 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。  
1. He _____________ never ____________ (go) to the science museum. 
2. ____________ you ever ____________ (drink) coke? 
3. There are many toy  ____________ (bear)in my home. 
4. His brother never gave up  ____________ (try)to help. 
5. I can’t ____________ (raise)a family on what I earn. 
6. My mom’s had a bread _______ (make)for a long time.  
7. Last term I __________ (learn) many English words. 
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8. They ____________ (not read) the interesting books yet.  
9. The museum _________ (be)here for over 20 years.  
10. It _________ (be)one of the oldest buildings in this small town.  

附答案: 
Unit 1  
A)1.passengers    2. medicine    3. lying  4.matter         5.trouble     6.believes   
7.death           8.throat        9.decision   10.temperature 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。              1. teeth            2. to see, see    3. drink   4. to keep    
5. go   6. swimming 2. 7. advice         8. stressed   9. Eating    10.to exercise 
Unit 2    A)volunteers   2. notices  3. lonely   4. several     5. satisfaction  6. raise   7. 
imagine   8. deaf        9.understand  10. carries  
B) hunger    2. homeless    3. disabled   4. lucky      5 specially      6 having 7.am           
8.to help         9.inviting   10.signs  
Unit 3  A)rubbish   2. anyway   3. folded   4. mess 5. Neither  6. pass  7. hates  8. while  
9. provide   10. depends  
B) sweep    2. neighborhood   3. developed 4. rubbish   5. fold     6. fair  7. pass    8  
8. waste      9. dropped          10. anyway 
Unit 4     A) allow         2. wrong       3. guess 4. Communication        5. arguing    
6. clouds       7. elder     8. instead 9. whatever        10. offered  
B) explains     2. copied        3. returned 4. push        5. development     6. cause  
7. crazy       8. continue          9. Compare   10. usual 
Unit 5        A)1.rainstorm 2.strange 3.wind  4. Suddenly5.pupils    6.recently    
7.completely    8.strange    9.truth          10.beat  
B)were doing   2.were planting  3.suddenly  4.Heavily     5.reported     6. silently 7. 
asleep           8.lights        9.was making   10.was telephoning came 
Unit 6  A)   1.couple    2.gold      3.wives       4.stupid   5.shining  6.brave   
7.husband  8.reminds    9.whole    10.voice   
B)1.laughing    2.to get    3.staying   4.to work/working    5.to solve   6.to climb 
7.laughing      8.to write/writing   9.Were           10.fell 
Unit 7  A)  population    2. adult             3. square   4. succeed       5. conditions      
6. died 7. ancient        8. protect          9. deep    10. including  
B) 1. succeed  2. freezing   3. weighs   4. tourists  5. most beautiful 
Unit 8  A)  1. technology   2. abroad     3. belong 4. classic     5. modern   6. towards  
7. French          8. forever    9. treasures   10. beauty  
B) 1. success 2. read 3. importance    4. Listening 5. interested 
Unit 9  A)1. toilet       2.peaceful   3.perfect  4. unusual   5.Whether   6. Spring         
7.social       8.encourage    9.progress       10.unbelievable 
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。               1. to spend     2. studied     3. have, seen  4. reading    
5. probably 6. thousand    7. performance   8. is  9.join,speaking    10. collections   
Unit 10  A)根据所给中文完成下列句子。               1. regarded        2.centuries   3. checking   
4. among      5.soft   6.  Especially     7.hold    8. count     9.scarfs/scarves    
10.truthful  
B)用所给单词的适当形式填空。               has, gone  2. Have, drunk      3. bears 4. trying    5. 
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raise     6. maker  7. learned/learnt   8. haven’t read   9. has been   10.is  
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