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外研八年级下册第二模块Unit 3

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I. Look at the pictures and make 
 the sentences after the model.


Have you ever been to Tibet?
Have you ever travelled to the seaside?
Have you ever taken a boat in the river?
II. Fill in the blanks.

1. _____Have you ever _____won  any prizes 
  before?
2. I haven’t ________travelled  much.
3. They _____have  _____been  to many interesting 
  places.
                现在完成时

一、句式结构
1. 肯定句式: 
   主语+ have / has +动词过去分词 + 其
 他。 
   e.g. We have seen that film.
         Jenny has bought two English 
         dictionaries. 
2. 否定句式: 
   主语 + have / has + not + 动词过去分
 词 + 其他。have not和has not分别缩
 写为 haven’t 和 hasn’t。 
   e.g. We haven’t read this book. 
          David hasn’t found his schoolbag. 
3. 一般疑问句式:
   Have / Has+主语+动词过去分词+其他? 
  肯定答语为Yes, 主语 + have / has.; 否定
  答语为No, 主语 + haven’t / hasn’t.
    e.g. 
    —Have you ever visited that museum? 
    —Yes, I have. / No, I haven’t. 
    —Has she made some chocolate 
  cookies?
    —Yes, she has. / No, she hasn’t. 
二、过去分词的构成
        规则动词过去分词的构成规则与规
则动词过去式的构成规则相同。
1. 一般动词在词尾加“-ed”。如:
     work → worked → worked
2. 以“e”结尾的动词,词尾加“-d”。如:
    live → lived → lived
3. 以“辅音字母 + y”结尾的动词,将
 “y”变为 “i”,再加“-ed”。如:
    cry → cried → cried
4. 以重读闭音节结尾,末尾只有一个
 辅音字母,先双写该辅音字母,再
 加“-ed”。如:
   stop → stopped → stopped
1. Write questions for the 
  questionnaire with Have you 
  ever ...? And complete the You 
  column on page 14.
1) have a Western meal


 Have you ever had a Western meal?
2) live in another city


  Have you ever lived in another 
  city?
3) enter a singing competition


  Have you ever entered a singing 
  competition?
4) travel by train


  Have you ever travelled by 
  train?
5) travel to the seaside


 Have you ever travelled to the 
 seaside?
6) try seafood


   Have you ever tried seafood?
 7) cook dinner for your parents


Have you ever cooked dinner for your 
parents?
2. Work in pairs. Ask and answer 
 the questions in the 
 questionnaire in Activity 1. Then 
 complete the Your partner 
 column.
3. Complete the sentences about 
  your partner and read them to the 
  rest of the class.
1) He/She ____________________has/has not ever had  a 
  Western meal.
2) He/She _____________________has/has not ever lived  in 
  another city.
3) He/She ______________________has/has not ever entered a 
  singing competition.
4) He/She _______________________has/has not ever travelled  by 
  train.
5) He/She ________________________has/has not ever travelled  to 
  the seaside.
6) He/She ___________________has/has not ever tried seafood.
7) He/She __________________________has/has not ever cooked dinner 
  for his/her parents.
4. Complete the postcard. Use the list of 
  Things to do in Beijing to help you.


       ••seesee  thethe  BeijingBeijing  OperaOpera
                        √√
       ••climbclimb  thethe  GreatGreat  WallWall
                       ××
      ••eateat  BeijingBeijing  duckduck
                   √√
      ••visitvisit  thethe  PalacePalace  MuseumMuseum
                         √√
Dear David,
I’m having a wonderful time in Beijing.               
I’ve done so many things! I’ve 
_____________________________________seen the Beijing Opera. I’ve eaten Beijing 
_____________________________________Duck. I’ve visited the Palace Museum.
There’s only one thing I haven’t done:
_____________________________________I haven’t climbed the Great Wall.
Bye for now.
Rob
5. Complete the sentences with the 
  words in the box. You can use some 
  of the words more than once.
 afford  competition  pronounce  spell  tower

1) I wrote a story for a(n) ____________competition  in 
 my English class and I won a prize.
2) Alice can _________pronounce very well, and 
 what’s more, she can write beautifully.
3) Some English words are difficult to 
 ________________.pronounce/spell
4) We visited an ancient palace with a 
 tall _______tower  and a beautiful garden.
5) Mary wants to visit the US, but the 
 plane tickets are very expensive and 
 she cannot _______afford  to go.

6. Listen and check (√) the country 
  that the people have been to.

   People      China      the US
Winnie 
                √            √
Diana           √
Bob 
7. Listen again and answer the 
 questions.
1. How many times has Winnie been to 
 the US?
    She has been to the US three times.
2. Which country would Diana like to go 
 again?
    She would like to go to China again.
3. Which part of China has Diana 
 travelled around?
    She has travelled around South China.
4. How did Diana travel there?
    She travelled there by train.
5. Has Bob ever visited Germany?
    Yes, he has. He’s been all over Europe.
8. Complete the passage with the 
  sentences in the box. There is one 
  extra sentence.
  a) Call today to find out more!
  b) Then we will send a gift box from you 
    to your family or friend.
  c) A tree is also something special for a 
    festival or a new baby.
  d) Have you ever been to a forest?
  e) Grow a tree near you!
          Grow a forest!
    (1) _____d  Have you ever wanted to 
save the trees in the forest? Do you love 
nature and want to keep forests safe? 
Now you can! Buy a tree – it is the 
perfect birthday or wedding present for 
someone in your family or for a friend. 
(2)c  ____ Your tree will help our world 
and will last longer than toys, clothes or 
computers. 
The world needs more trees — buy one 
today, watch it grow bigger and feel 
proud!
The Grow-a-Forest gift is part of an 
exciting plan to make our world greener, 
and every gift helps to protect our world. 
It is easy! Buy a Grow-a-Forest gift today 
and choose your forest and your tree. We 
will btake it and put it in the earth for you. 
(3) ____
In your gift box there will be:
• a map of the forest
• a photo of your tree
• a pair of Grow-a-Forest gloves  
• a card with your message to your 
 family or friend
(4) e____


1. Tenzing Norgay was from New Zealand.
2. Edmund Hillary came from Nepal.
3. Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary
    reached the top of Mount Qomolangma 
  on 29th May, 1953.
4. Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary
   stayed on the summit for an hour, then
     they came down.               
Writing a questionnaire 
about experiences
  9. Write a question abut life 
    experiences for each of the 
    topics. Use Have you ever...?

Transport: Have______________________________ you ever travelled by plane?
Book: __________________________________Have you read…?
Country: _______________________________Have you been to…?
Food: __________________________________Have you had…?
Sport: __________________________________Have you played…?
Film: ___________________________________Have you seen…?
10. Work in groups. Choose the best 
   question for each topic in Activity 9 
   and prepare a questionnaire.
 Topics           Questions 
Transport Have you ever travelled by plane?
Book 
Country  
Food 
Sport 
Film 
  11. Go around the classroom and ask 
    other students your questions. Write 
    their answers in the questionnaire.
Topics   Questions   Student 1 Student 2 …
Transport Have you 
         ever travelled Yes, I No, I 
         by plane?    have.  haven’t.
Book 
Country
Food 
Sport 
Film 
12. Return to your group and talk 
   about other students' answers to 
   your questionnaire.
根据汉语意思及所给提示写句子。
1. 马克曾经乘火车去旅行。(travel by 
  train)
    _________________________________Mark has ever travelled by train.
2. 这个男孩曾经为他的家人做过饭。
    (cook dinner)
    The_________________________________ boy has ever cooked dinner for his 
    family._________________________________
3. 你曾经尝过那种食物吗? (try)
    __________________________________Have you ever tried that food?
4. 我以前没有去过另一座城市。(another 
    city)
    __________________________________I haven’t been to another city before.
5. 这个女孩从来没怎么笑过。(a lot)
    __________________________________The girl has never laughed a lot.
Finish a questionnaire about your 
classmates’ experiences.
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