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初中非谓语动词搭配用法归纳

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                   初中非谓语动词搭配用法归纳

1. start to do sth =start doing sth   开始做某事
2. begin to do sth = begin doing sth   开始做某事
3. like to do sth = like doing sth   喜欢做某事
4. love to do sth = love doing sth  热爱做某事

5. agree to do sth  同意做某事
6. decide to do sth  决定做某事
7. fail to do sth    没能做成某事
8. learn to do sth   学会做某事
9. plan to do sth   计划做某事
10. want to do sth   想要做某事
11. would like to do sth  想要做某事
12. prepare to do sth   准备做某事
13. hope to do sth   希望做某事
14. wish to do sth   希望做某事
15. need to do sth   需要做某事
16. offer to do sth   主动提出做某事
17. refuse to do sth  拒绝做某事
18. choose to do sth  选择做某事
19. can’t wait to do sth  迫不及待做某事
20. happen to do sth.    碰巧做某事
21. manage to do sth.   设法完成某事
22. seem to do sth.     好像做某事
23. promise to do sth.   承诺,答应做某事
24. expect to do sth.    期待做某事
25. afford to do sth.    担负得起做某事

26. forget to do sth  忘记要去做某事/    forget doing sth 忘记做过某事
27. remember to do sth 记得要去做某事/      remember doing sth 记得做过某事
28. stop to do sth  停下来要去做某事/      stop doing sth  停止做某事
29. try to do sth  尽力去做某事/   try doing sth  尝试着做某事
30. mean to do sth  打算去做某事/     mean doing sth  意味着做某事
31. go on to do sth. 继续做另一件事   / go on doing sth. 继续做同一件事
32. continue to do sth.继续做某事,侧重于中途有停顿或有间隔
   continue doing sth. 继续做某事,侧重于中途没有停顿或间隔很短
33. regret to do sth. 遗憾要去做某事/ regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事

34. enjoy doing sth  喜欢做某事
35. finish doing sth  结束做某事
36. keep doing sth  继续做某事
37. mind doing sth  介意做某事
38. miss doing sth  错过做某事
39. practice doing sth  练习做某事
40. look forward to doing sth 期待做某事
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41. can’t help/stop doing sth  情不自禁做某事
42. lead to doing sth  导致做某事
43. avoid doing sth.  避免做某事
44. consider doing sth.  考虑做某事
45. risk doing sth.  冒险做某事
46. imagine doing sth. 想象做某事
47. give up doing sth.  放弃做某事
48. put off doing sth.  推迟做某事
49. advise doing sth.  建议做某事
50. suggest doing sth.建议做某事
51. allow doing sth.  允许做某事

52. make sb do sth= have sb do sth = let sb do sth 让某人做某事
53. help sb do sth = help sb to do sth  帮助某人做某事
54. see sb do sth 看见某人做了某事     / see  sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事
55. hear sb do sth 听见某人做了某事     / hear sb doing sth 听见某人正在做某事
56. notice sb do sth 注意到某人做了某事/ notice sb doing sth 注意到某人正在做某事
57. feel sb do sth  感觉到某人做了某事/ feel sb doing sth 感觉到某人正在做某事

58. advise sb to do sth  建议某人做某事
59. allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事
60. encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人做某事
61. expect sb to do sth 期待某人做某事
62. tell sb to do sth  告诉某人做某事
63. ask sb to do sth  叫某人做某事
64. invite sb to do sth  邀请某人做某事
65. teach sb to do sth  教某人做某事
66. wish sb to do sth  希望某人做某事
67. force sb to do sth 强迫某人做某事
68. get sb to do sth  让/使某人做某事
69. order sb to do sth  命令某人做某事
70. prefer sb to do sth 宁愿某人做某事
71. warn sb to do sth 警告某人做某事
72. remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做某事
73. cause sb to do sth 导致某人做某事

74. Why not do sth?= Why don’t you do sth?  为什么不…呢?
75. Could you please do sth?  请你… 好吗?
   Could you please not do sth?  请你不要… 好吗?
76. take action to do sth  采取行动做某事
77. be able to do sth  能够做某事
78. without doing sth  没有…
79. because of doing sth  因为做某事
80. It is easy/ difficult for sb to do sth.  做某事对于某人来说是容易的/ 困难的。

部分固定搭配记忆口诀
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三个希望两答应,  hope; wish;  expect ;  agree;  promise 
两个要求莫拒绝,   demand;  ask;  refuse 
设法学会做决定,   manage; learn; decide  
不要假装在选择。  pretend  choose   

动词不定作宾语,期希渴欲承担起; expect; hope; desire; afford
愿望碰巧又出现,假装安排不拒绝; wish ; happen; appear; pretend, arrange; refuse
准备计划却失败,好像提供又犹豫; prepare; plan; fail; seem; offer; hesitate
试图要把目标证,爱恨要求作选择。try;aim;                 promise;  love; hate; ask; decide

想要拒绝命令,want ; refuse ; order  
需要努力学习, need; try;  learn  
期望同意帮助,expect ; agree;  help  
希望决定开始。hope ; wish;  decide ; begin ;start

常跟动词    ing 作宾语的动词歌诀: 
考虑建议盼原谅,consider, suggest / advise ,look forward to ,excuse ,pardon  
承认推迟没得想,admit, delay / put off , fancy  
避免错过继续练,avoid , miss ,keep /keep on , practise  
否认完成停能赏,deny , finish , stop ,enjoy / appreciate  
不禁介意准逃亡,can’t help , mind , allow/ permit ,escape 
不准冒险凭想象。forbid , risk , imagine

Mrs. P Black missed a beef bag. P·布莱克夫人丢了一个牛肉袋。
M=mind,   r=risk, s=succeed in, P=practice, B=be busy, l=look forward to, 
a=admit,c=can't help,k=keep on, m=miss, i=insist on,s=suggest, s=stop,
e=enjoy,d=delay, a=avoid,b=be worth,a=advise,g=give up。
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