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2017-2018学年度第一学期八年级英语上Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?课文归纳及练习(无答案)

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一.      背背词组。                                     “关上”。它们是“动词+副词”构成的短语动词,宾语
1. milk shake 奶昔 2. turn on 打开  3. pour into 倒入   是代词时应放在       turn 与 on 或 off 中间。
4. cut up 切碎  5. put into 放入  6. fill…with 用…装满   I want to watch TV. Please turn it on.我想看电视。请打
7. cover…with 用…盖住    8. need to do sth 需要做某事     开它。
9. shake hands with sb.和某人握手                      Turn up your radio,pleas e.请把收音机开大点。
10. shake one's head 摇头                           Turn down the TV. It's too noisy.把电视关小点。太吵
11. turn up 调高 12. turn down 调低                   了。
13.       add...to...意为“把……加到…中去;往…中              辨析:turn on  和 open
加……”。                                             二者都有“打开”的意思,但“打开”的对象不同。
14. add to (add 作不及物动词用)表示“增加;添加”,                turn on 通常指打    开水龙头、煤气、电灯、电视、收
其中   to 是介词,后接名词或代词。                              音机等的开关。Please turn on the lig hts.请打开灯。 
15. forget to do sth 忘记要做的事情                      open 通常指打开书、门窗、箱子、盒子等。
16. want to do sth 想要做某事                          They opened the window.他们打开了窗户。
17. let sb do sth 让某人做某事                          2. Next,put the beef,carrots and potatoes into a pot 
18. put/ place … on 放在…上面                         and add some water.下一步,把牛肉、胡萝卜和土豆放
                                                  在锅中并加上一些水。
二.用法集萃。                                           点拨:add v.增加;添加
1. make    v. 制作;做。其后可接双宾语,即             make     Please add some salt to the food.请给食物里面加点盐。
sb.sth.或 make sth. for sb.为某人制作某物                 If you add 4 to 6,you get 10.4 加 6 等于 10。
Lucy made a beautiful card for me.                The flowers add to the beauty of the city.这些花增添了
2. make 和 do 都是实义动词,都含有“做……”之意,                   这所城市的美。
但二者在     用法  上有一些    区别。                          3. No,one more thing.不,还有一件事。
make 强调用某一种原材料“制作”某种成品或经过努                        点拨:more   又;再,与      another 同义。
力做成某事。She often makes clothes herself.她经常自        数词+more+    n.=another+数词+n.
己做衣服。                                             They stayed there two more days.=They stayed there 
do 通常强调做某件事,某项工作等,而不涉及动作的                         another two days.他们在那里又待了两天。
内容,是做事的通称。Students          do  their homework    4. Finally,don't forget to add some salt.最后,不要忘
every day.学生们每天做作业。                               记加些盐。
3. shake  n.&  v. 摇动;抖动     Give the bottle a few 点拨:finally adv. 最后;最终
shakes before you pour the juice.你倒果汁前摇几下瓶子。      同义短语是:at last   ;in the end。
                                                  finally 可位于句首、句中或句末。位于句中时,要放
Can you feel the earth shake?你能感觉到地在摇动吗?          在 be 动词、助动词或情态动词之后,实义动词之前。
The two men shook hands with each other.那两个人互相    表示做某事的先后顺序时可用            first,next,then,
握了握手。                                             finally.
When   you can't answer this question,shake your  I finally finished my homework.我终于完成了我的作业。
head.当你不会回答这问题时,摇摇头。
三.重点句子点拨:                                         5. How do you make a banana milk shake?你怎样做香蕉
1. Turn on the blender.打开果汁机。                     奶昔?
点拨   1:本句是一个祈使句。祈使句表示请求、命令、                       6. How many bananas do we need?我们需要几个香蕉?
建议、禁止等。说话的对象大多为第二人称                   you,且       7. How much yogurt do we need?我们需要多少酸奶?
常被省略。句末用感叹号或句号,读时用降调。否定                           8. Now, it’s time to enjoy the rice noodles.啊!该品尝大
句常在动词前加       don't。                              米面条。
Please don't turn on the blender.请不要打开果汁机。        课后练习
let+第一人称+动词原形的祈使句,变否定句常在动                         一、词汇(30     分)
                                                    翻译词组。(         分)
词原形前加      not. Let me not do that.让我别做那事。        A.            10
                                                  1. put… into …___      _ 2. cut up   _________        
let+第三人称+动词原形的祈使句,变否定句常在                          3. peel the bananas ____4. five teaspoons of sauce ____
let 前加 don't. Don't let them sh out.不要让他们喊叫。      5. popcorn popper______   6. 打开(电源开关)____         
点拨   2:turn on  打开,其反义词组是         turn off 意为     7. 混合在一起                 8.一杯酸奶     _________ 
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9. 水果沙拉     _________   10.两碗米饭    _______        C. 根据句子意思和汉语提示完成句子。(10                分)
B. 根据句子意思,用所给单词的适当形式填空。                           1. A: ____ _____ ______ _______ (你怎样做) a banana 
1. How            watermelons do we need? ( much ) milk shake?
2. We still need ten            . ( orange )      B: ____ (首先)peel three bananas, then ____ ____ (切)
3. Would you cut up some              for me? (   the bananas.
tomato )                                          2. A: Let’s ____ ____ ____(做水果沙拉).
4. Ten minutes for you to make your favorite           . B: OK, ____ ____ (好主意).
( sandwich )
                                                  3. A: ____ ____ (多少) apples do we _____ (需要).
5. Our teachers are              to us. ( friend )
                                                     B: Let me think. We need two.
6. What would you like ______ ( drink ), tea or coffee?
                                                                                 一些蜂蜜
7. Why ____ you _____ ( not stay ) at home? It’s so cold 4. A: I want to buy _______ ________ ( ).
outside.                                             B: ____ ____ (多少) honey do you need?
8. Are you ____ ( good ) than Jim at speaking English? A: One teaspoons.
9. Thanks for __________ ( have ) us to your party. 5. Please give me ___ ___ ___ ____ ( 一公斤苹果 )。
10.He studies ________ (hard) in his class.       6.首先将梨去皮,然后切成碎块。
11. Thank you for______ me(help)                  ______the pears _____and then______ ______ ______.
                                                  7.下一步把水倒进碗里。
12.Zhang  Ming_______(have) to stay at home to look 
                                                     Next,______the water______the bowl.
after his brother because his mother isn’t at home. 8.往牛奶里放点蜂蜜,然后喝了。
13.Would you like __________(come )to my office   ______some honey____the milk and then drink______.
________(discuss)the report?                      9.我们常用最味美的食物来招待客人。We                   usually 
14.Do you often practice ___(play)soccer after school? ______ the most delicious food ______ the guests.
                                                  10.你想要两片三明治吗?
15.His ___________(America)friends would like to 
                                                  Would you like two ______ of ______?
visit China during their vacation.
                                                  11.今天下午我要上钢琴课         I______ ______to______ a 
16.Thanks for your _____ (邀请)to your house to have 
                                                  piano lesson this afternoon.
dinner, but I can’t come. 
                                                  12.你能来参加我的晚会吗?______you_____ 
17.  Don’t talk in class, please keep  _____(安静). 
                                                  _______my party ? 
18.  Hey! Can you come to my _____(生日) party?     D)根据句意及首字母提示,完成下列单词的拼写。
19.  Cathy is _____ (real) an excellent language student. 1. Please p__________ the apple for the babies before 
20. __ ( not drink ) too much milk when you are hungry. they eat them.
21. How_________ ( much )watermelons do we need?  2. It’s wonderful to feel the water c________ you feet.
22. We still need ten___________(orange).         3. I don’t like to drink pure milk, but I like y_______ .
23. Would you cut up some________ for me? ( tomato ) 4. I afraid I can’t pass the __________(考试)this time. 
24. ____________ ( not drink ) too much milk when you 5. Please come to my _________(音乐会).
are hungry                                        6.Thank you for i______ me to visit next week I’m 
25. Thank you for your             (invite) ..    sorry but I can not come
26. Would you like him              (sing) a song for 
                                                   .
us?                                               7  C______ you go to the movies with us on Friday?
27. I’m sorry, but I have to            (visit) my aunt 8.There’s going to be a guitar c______ in our school 
with my parents.                                  next week.
28. Would you like               (come) over to my 
                                                  9.Can you come to the c______ next week?. 
house ?
29. The machine ______(dig) a hole on the ground this morning. 10.  There’s going to be a football m_____ at 5:00 p. m.  
30.The turkey is ______ (cover) with gravy now.   on TV. 
31.I'm very sorry ______(hear)that you are ill.   11.  I think I’m free t______ 22:00 today.  .
32.I would love ______(make)friends with new students. 12.We have a piano l______ on Thursday. 
  .
33  —Can he go to the baseball game?              13.  Marie is going fishing with grandpa the w____ day. 
    —No,he can't. He has to ______(study)for a test.
                                                  14.S________is the fist day of a week.
34.—Can you go to the mall tomorrow?
—I'm sorry I can't. I______(help)my sister with math. 15. I have to b _________my younger sister when my 
35.We ______(catch) some fish last Sunday.        parents are away.
36.What do we need______(buy)for supper?          16.I want to be a v______ when I grow up.
37.Look!She is______(pour)the milk into the blender.
                                                    .
38.—Would   you like to have some______(potato)for 17 She's going to take a______ lessons this afternoon.
lunch?—OK.                                        18.Everyone should get an e______ to  improve himself.
39.We   usually eat ______(tradition) food—dumplings 
at the Spring Festival.                           19.My   brother is a computer p______.He knows 
40.  There is a football        (比赛) this afternoon.
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 computers very well.                             (      ) 4.I don't like this pen. Please show me 
                                                  ______one.
20.Uncle Wang is an e______ in this factory.
                                                  A.other  B.the other C.another  D.the another
21.We'll live in a new a______ next year.         (    ) 5.Thank you for ______ me to your birthday 
                                                  party. I  really had a good time there.
22.R  obots can do s______ jobs and don't get bored.
                                                  A.invite   B.invites  C.inviting   D.invited
23.What's the s______ of the tree?                (    ) 6.I'm not happy because he refused _____ for the meeting.
                                                  A.prepare        B.prepared    C.to    prepare  
24.Koalas usually sleep d______ the day.          D.preparing
25.Where will you spend your h______?             (    ) 7:Could you tell me     ?
                                                   A. how I can get to the post office
26.Please p______the apple before you eat it.      B. how can I get to the post office
                                                   C. how could I get to the post office
27.First put the orange into the b______.After a while   D. how I could get to the post office
you can drink orange juice.                       (    ) 8. Henry ____ be at home because he phoned me 
                                                  from the farm just now .
28.We looked for the boy here and there,and f______  A. mustn't  B. isn't able to  C. may not  D. can't
                                                          ~
found him in a shop.                              (    ) 9. Who is the man over there? Is it Mr Li?
                                                    — No, it _______ be him. Mr Li is much taller.
29.It 's wasteful(浪费)to ______(倒掉)the clean water.  A. mustn't   B. may not     C. can't    D. needn't
                                                  (    ) 10.—“Can you sing the song in English?”
30.We almost need______(盐)every meal.
                                                        —“NO, I ________.”
31.Why do you q______ the right of the decision?        A.  may  not     B.mustn't    C.needn't  
                                                  D.can't
32.We should keep our p______.
                                                  (    ) 11. --Must I leave right now? -- No, you _____.
33.What's his ______(爱好) at the university?         A. may not   B. can't   C. mustn't    D. needn't
                                                  (    ) 12. What ______ you like for breakfast? 
34.How are you going to improve your ______ (关系)       A. may    B. will   C. would   D. can 
                                                  (    ) 13.. Pardon? I ______ hear you.
with your friends?
                                                      A. don't    B. didn't C. can'   D. won't
35.It's important to care about our ______(身体的)   (    ) 14.  ---Must I go with them tomorrow?  
health.                                            ---No, you ___. 
                                                       A mustn’t   B shouldn’t   C needn’t   D can’t
E.用情态动词     can, may, must 或它们的适当形式填空
                                                  (    ) 15 ---Sorry, but I have to look after my brother. 
1.—What________ I do for you?—I want some apples.
                                                     ---That is too ___.  Maybe ___ time. 
2.My father _____ ride a bike, but he _____ drive a car.
                                                      A bad, another    B bad, other    
3.You are ill, Tom. You __________ see the doctor.
                                                    C good, another     D good , other
4.Children__________ play football in the street.
                                                  (    ) 16 ---How about ___ out ___ a walk?   
5.If you are not careful,a car__________ hit you.
                                                        --- Good idea!
6.—__________ I come in?—Come in, please.
                                                  A go, for   B going , for   C to go, for     D goes, to
7.A blind man__________ see anything.
                                                  (    ) 17 ---Andy, can you come to play baseball?
8.Please ask the policeman, he__________ know the way 
                                                    ---___.  I have to finish my work first. 
to the hospital.
                                                      A OK           B Thanks    
9.May I use your telephone? No,you __________.
                                                    C Sorry, I’m afraid I can’t     D Not at all
10.—__________ you help me? —Sure!
                                                  (    ) 18 Thanks a lot for ___ me ___ your party. 
二、选择填空。
                                                      A invite, for       B invite, to     
(     ) 1.—Can   you come to my birthday party?—
______.                                             C inviting, for     D inviting, to
A.Yes,I can't   B.Sorry,I can't                   (    ) 19. ---___ you ___ study for a math exam? 
C.No,I can      D.Sorry,I can                      ---Yes. 
(     ) 2.I'm going to ___ out with my friends this   A Have ,to   B Do, have to    
afternoon.
                                                   C Do.  Have   D Have to, /
A.hang    B.  hung   C.hanged   D.hanging
(     ) 3.I'm too tired,so I ______ sit down and rest (    ) 20 --- What’s today?     ---___. 
every five minutes.                                   A It’s Monday.    B It’s May 12th    
A.must    B.had to   C.have    D.have to             C It’s March      D It’s Monday the 12th 
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(    ) 21 ---What’s the matter with Joe?          (    )39. It’s easy ______ a banana milk shake. Let me 
                                                  help you.
    --- He ___ go to the doctor.  His leg is broken. 
                                                    A. do         B. to do     C. make    D. to make
    A have to   B can   C has to    D may         (     )40. A: May I have ______ slice of bread with 
(    ) 22---Would you like to go to the movies with me?    butter, I’m not full.
      --- ______.                                 B: Certainly. Here you are.
                                                   A. other      B. the other       
    A Yes, please            B Sure, I’d love to   C. another       D. the others
   C Sorry, I wouldn’t   D Yes, I would           (    ) 41. A: I’m not feeling ______.
(    ) 23 --- Can you come to the party?           B: You should see a doctor, then you’ll feel _____ soon.
                                                        A. good; well      B. well; well      
          - I’m sorry I can’t. 
                                                      C. well; better      D. well; good
          ---Oh, why not?                         (    )42. A: I think China is great.
         ---I have ___ homework to do.              B: I agree. It’s famous ___ its food and the Great Wall.
 A much too    B too much                               A. at    B. in    C. for          D. to 
                                                  (    )43. My friend David is ______ from me, he likes 
 C too many    D many too                         apple pies a lot.
(    ) 24 --- Can you ___ my house this evening?   A. difficult     B. different    
    A come over to    B come up to                C. difference   D. delicious
                                                  (    )44. Ruth should get the job because she is _____ 
   C come up with    D come into
                                                  than Rose.
(  ) 25. ---What are you doing ______ Monday morning?    A. outgoing            B. more outgoing    
  --- We’re going fishing.                             C. much outgoing   D. as outgoing as
    A. on   B at C. in     D for                  (  )45. A: How ___ is it from your school to the bus stop? 
                                                  B: It’s not far, about five kilometers______.
(    ) 26. How do you _____ a turkey sandwich?
                                                   A. far; far  B. away; far  C. far; away  D. away; away
A. take       B. make      C. cook        D. carry
                                                  三、完型填空。(10        分)
(  ) 27. Look! Linda is _____ hot water into the blender.
  A. pour    B. pours     C. pouring     D. to pour   A  French student went to London for his holiday. 
(    ) 28. If you want to be ______, you should eat more He thought, “I know a little English. I think people can  
fruit and vegetables.                             46  me.”
  A. health    B. healthly   C. healthy   D. healthily One day he went to a restaurant and sat down at the 
(    ) 29. Turn on the blender______ about two minutes. table. He wanted to  47   a cup of tea and some eggs. 
A. for      B. in          C. to          D. at   Soon the waiter came up to him, and asked, “Can I help 
(    )30. _______ bananas do you need?            you?” “A cup of tea and…” he could not remember the  
 A. How    B. How many   C. How much   D. What    48  word for eggs. He looked  49  him, but nobody 
(     )31. Don’t forget to ______ the blender after the was eating eggs. Then he  50  a picture-book on the 
shake is ready.                                   table next to him. There was a picture of a cock on  51  
A. turn on    B. turn off     C. open    D. close cover (封面). He  52  the picture to the waiter. “What’s 
(    )32. A: Don’t be late for class next time.   the English  53  this?” he asked. “A cock,” answered 
        B: ______________.                        the waiter. “What do you call a cock’s wife?” he asked 
     A. Sorry, I won’t          B. Sorry, I will    again. “A hen.” “And what do you call a hen’s children?” 
  C. Of course, I will       D. Sorry, I do       “ Chicks.” “And what do you call chicks  54  they’re 
(    )33. A: How many oranges do we need?         born?” “Eggs.”
        B: Let me _______. Three.                    “Very well,” said the French student happily. “Bring 
A. think    B. think of   C. think over   D. think out me two eggs and a cup of tea, please.” And he sat down  
(    )34. A: Do you like lettuce in sandwich?     55  a smile on his face.
        B: ________                               (   )46. A. understand  B. know  C. help   D. 
       A. Yes, I am.            B. Yes, I do.     speak
      C. No, I do.              D. No, I’m not.   (   )47. A. drink   B. take    C. have      D. eat
(    )35. A: How do you make fruit salad?         (  )48. A. French    B. Chinese  C. new    D. 
       B: _____ cut up three bananas and a watermelon. English
Next put them in a bowl.                          (   )49. A. at   B. for   C. after      D. around
A. First    B. Next    C. Then        D. Finally  (  )50. A. saw     B. had    C. bought  D. drew
(    )36. I’m sorry. There is ________ juice in the bottle. (  )51. A. it   B. it’s         C. its        D. his
      A. a few   B. a little     C. few     D. little
                                                  (  )52. A. drew   B. put    C. gave   D. showed
(    )37. A: _______ do you eat fruit and vegetables?
         B: Every day.                            (   )53. A. for    B. of    C. in        D. about
 A: How   B. How often  C. What   D. Where        (    )54. A. when  B. before  C. after      D. if
(    )38. A: How much relish does your mother need? (    )55. A. of    B. with    C. in   D. about
         B: She needs_______.                     四、句型转换。( 5      分  ) 
A. two relish                   B. two relishes   56. We like tomatoes. (改为一般疑问句) 
C. two teaspoons of relishes   D. two teaspoons of relish
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   _________ you ________ tomatoes?               he’s still with us, ” said Addison’s father. 
57. Check your answers again. (改为否定句) 
   _______ ______ your answers again.
58. She leaves home at eight every day.(改为一般疑问
句)   _______ she ________ home at eight every day? 
59. Can they go to the concert? (作否定回答) 
   ________ ,________ ________ . 
60. Lin Fei's home is about 10 kilometres away from 
school.(对划线部分提问) 
   ________ ________ is Lin Fei's home from school? 
61.We need to buy _two_bags_of salt for it.(对画线部
分提问)______ ______ s  alt do you need to buy for it?
62.You can put three spoons of  sugar into the bowl.(对
画线部分提问)
______ ______ spoons of sugar can I put into the bowl?
63.Peel the bananas first.(改为否定句)______ ___ ___ 
the bananas first.
64.Shall we make fruit salad?(改为同义句)
    ______ ______fruit salad.
65.Don't pour the hot water into the bottle.(改为肯定
句)   ______the hot water into the bottle.
五、短文填空。
It was a  fine day last Sunday. John went to a 
supermarket to do some 1____. Because it’s a little far 
away from his home, he 2______his car there.It was 
difficult for him to find a place to park his car. last he 
found one at the corner between two buildings. At 
After parking his car he went into the supermarket to 
3_____the things he needed.Twenty minutes 4______, 
he finished shopping and took the things slowly back to 
the car park.Suddenly he 5_____two young men trying 
hard to open the door of his car.They were both wearing 
black 6____.John knew they were the car thieves. 
But he was 7____and didn’t know what to do. He thought 
for a moment. Then he got He an 8_____.He went up 
to them and shouted loudly: “Can I help you? I think you 
lost your keys. You can use 9_____. “Can your keys 
open this door? Why?” “Yes, because it’s my car. ” ” 
When the two men heard this, they ran away as 10____as 
they could. In this way, he stopped the thieves from 
stealing his car.How clever John was!
㈡短文填空(10     分)
填入适当的单词完成短文,使短文通顺、连贯。
     A 13-year-old Kansas boy Addison Logan  ___1  
a picture of his long-dead uncle  2___  a camera he 
bought at a garage sale. The Wichita Eagle reported 
Tuesday. 
    Addison Logan said he  3____  an old Polaroid 
camera for $1  _____4  he was at a Wichita garage  
_____5  with his grandmother last Thursday. 
    When  they got home he removed the camera’s 
cartridge(胶卷盒) to ____ 6  a picture of a man, his 
grandmother thought he was her son, Scott, who  ____7  
in a traffic accident 23 years earlier. 
    The picture, which portrays(画像) Scott with his 
high school girlfriend,  _____8 to have been taken in 
1978 or 1979. 
    “It’s ____ 9  like he’s reaching out to us,  ____10  
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