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中考122组英语词组详细解析

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                2012  中考易错词汇详细辨析               122  组 

 1. clothes, cloth, clothing
   clothes 统指各种衣服,谓语动词永远是复数,cloth                 指布,为不可数名词 
clothing 服装的总称,指一件衣服用            a piece of, an article of
   2. incident, accident
   incident 指小事件, accident   指不幸的事故       He was killed in the accident.
   3. amount, number
   amount  后接不可数名词,number          后接可数名词       a number of students
   4. family, house, home
     home 家,包括住处和家人,house           房子,住宅,family      家庭成员。
     My family is a happy one.
   5. sound, voice, noise
   sound  自然界各种各样的声音,voice            人的嗓音,noise     噪音   I hate the loud 
noise outside.
   6. photo, picture, drawing
   photo  用照相机拍摄的照片,picture          可指相片,图片,电影片,drawing 
画的画

   Let's go and see a good picture.
   7. vocabulary, word
   vocabulary 词汇,一个人拥有的单词量,word              具体的单词      He has a large 
vocabulary.
   8. population, people
   population 人口,人数,people      具体的人     China has a large population.
   9. weather, climate
     weather 一天内具体的天气状况,climate          长期的气候状况 
     The climate here is not good for you.
   10. road, street, path, way
   road  具体的公路,马路,street        街道,path    小路,小径,way       道路,途径
   take this road; in the street, Show me the way to the museum.
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   11. course, subject
   course  课程(可包括多门科目),subject         科目(具体的学科)a summer course
   12. custom, habit
   custom  传统风俗,习俗,也可指生活习惯,后接                   to do,habit 生活习惯,
 习惯成自然,后接         of doing.
   I've got the habit of drinking a lot.
   13. cause, reason
   cause  指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因,后接                   of sth./doing sth,reason 
 用来解释某种现象或结果的理由,后接                  for sth./doing sth. the reason for being late
   14. exercise, exercises, practice
   exercise 运动,锻炼(不可数),exercises        练习(可数),practice(反复做的)练
 习。

   Practice makes perfect.
   15. class, lesson
   作“课”解时,两者可以替换。指课文用                  lesson. 指班级或全体学生用         class. 
 Lesson 6; Class 5
 16. speech, talk, lecture
   speech  指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说,talk                     日常生活中的
一般的谈话,讲话,lecture
   学术性的演讲,讲课            a series of lecture on …
   17. officer, official
   officer 部队的军官,official     政府官员     an army officer
   18. work, job
   二者均指工作。work          不可数,job    可数   a good job。
   19. couple, pair
   couple  主要指人或动物,pair        多指由两部分组成的东西            a pair of trousers
   20. country, nation, state, land
   country  侧重指版图,疆域,nation         指人民,国民,民族,state         侧重指政
府,政体,land      国土,
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   国家     The whole nation was sad at the news.
   21. cook, cooker
   cook  厨师,cooker    厨具   He is a good cook.
   22. damage, damages
   damage   不可数名词,损害,损失; damages           复数形式,赔偿金         $900 
 damages
   23. police, policeman
   police 警察的总称,后接复数谓语动词,policeman                指某个具体的警察 
The police are questioning
   everyone in the house.
   24. problem, question
   problem  常和困难连系,前面的动词常为               think about, solve, raise,question 
常和疑问连系,

   多和    ask, answer 连用。
   25. man, a man
   man   人类,a man    一个男人     Man will conquer nature.
   26. chick, chicken
   二者均可指小鸡,chicken          还可以当鸡肉       The chicken is delicious.
   27. telegram, telegraph
   当电报解时,telegram       指具体的,telegraph     指抽象的     a telegram, by 
telegraph
   28. trip, journey, travel, voyage
   travel 是最常用的,trip      指短期的旅途,journey       指稍长的旅途,voyage        指
 海上航行     a three-day trip
   29. sport, game
   sport  多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动,如打球,游泳,打猎,赛马等;game                          指
 决定胜负的游戏,通常有一套

   规则     His favorite sport is swimming.
   30. price, prize
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   price 价格,prize   奖,奖品,奖金        win the first prize The price is high/low.
  31. a number of, the number of
   a number of 许多,谓语动词用复数。the number of …           的数目,谓语动词
 用单数。The number of
   students is increasing.
   32. in front of, in the front of
   in front of 范围外的前面,in the front of   范围内的前面       In the front of the 
 room sits a boy.
   33. of the day, of a day
   of the day 每一天的,当时的,当代的,of a day            暂时的,不长久的         a 
 famous scientist of the day
   34. three of us, the three of us
   three of us 我们(不止三个)中的三个,the three of us       我们三个(就三个人)
The three of us
   --- Tom, Jack and I went to the cinema.
   35. by bus, on the bus
   by bus  表手段,方式,不用冠词,on the bus           表范围    They went there by 
 bus.
   36. for a moment, for the moment
   for a moment 片刻,一会儿,for the moment       暂时,一时      Thinking for a 
 moment, he agreed.
   37. next year, the next year
   next year 明年,将来时间状语,the next year        第二年,过去将来时间状语
   He said he would go abroad the next year.
   38. more than a year, more than one year
   more than a year 一年多,more than one year 超过一年(两年或三年等)
   39. take advice, take the(one's) advice
   take advice 征求意见,take the advice   接受忠告     He refused to take the 
 advice and failed again.
   40. take air, take the air
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   take air 传播,走漏,take the air   到户外去,散步        We take the air every day.
   41. in a word, in words
   in a word 总之,一句话,        in words 口头上   In a word, you are right.
   42. in place of, in the place of
   in place of 代替,in the place of 在…地方   A new building is built in the place 
of the old one.
   43. in secret, in the secret
   in secret 秘密地,暗自地,偷偷地,一般用作状语;in the secret              知道内情,
 知道秘密,

   一般用作表语         My mother was in the secret from the beginning.
   44. a girl, one girl
   a girl 可泛指所有女孩, one girl     一个女孩     Can one girl carry such a big box?
   45. take a chair, take the chair
   take a chair 相当于   sit down 坐下,take the chair 开始开会
 46. go to sea, by sea, by the sea
   50. in charge of, in the charge of
   in charge of 管理,负责照料,        in the charge of 由……照料   He is in charge 
 of the matter.
   The matter is in the charge of her.
   51. in class, in the class
   in class 在课上,in the class 在班级里     He is the best student in the class.
   52. on fire, on the fire
   on fire 着火, on the fire 在火上  Put the food on the fire. The house is on fire.
   53. out of question, out of the question
   out of question 毫无疑问的,out of the question 不可能的
   54. a second, the second
   a second 又一,再一,the second      第…… He won the second prize.
   55. by day, by the day
   by day  白天,by the day  按天计算     The workers are paid by the day.
   56. the people, a people
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   the people 指人,a people  指民族    The Chinese is a peace-loving people.
   57. it, one
   it  同一物体,one     同类不同一      I lost my pen. I have to buy a new one.
   58. that, this
   that 指代上文所提到的,this         导出下文所要说的         I was ill. That's why ….
   59. none, nothing, no one
   none  强调有多少,nothing, no one     强调有没有,nothing      指物,no one   指
 人

   --- How many …/ How much …? --- None.
   60. anyone, any one
   anyone  指人,不能接       of,any one 指人物均可,可接         of any one of you
 61. who, what
   who   指姓名或关系,what        指职业或地位       What is your dad? He is a teacher.
   62. what, which
   what  的选择基础是无限制的,which            在一定范围内进行选择
   Which do you prefer, bananas or apples?
   63. other, another
   other  后接名词复数,another       后接名词单数       other students, another student
   64. not a little, not a bit
   not a little 非常,not a bit 一点也不   I'm not a bit tired. 我一点儿也不累。
   65. many, much, a lot of
   many   和可数名词连用,much         和不可数名词连用,a lot of        可数,不可数
均可,但不用于否定句

   I haven't many books.
   66. much more … than, many more … than
   much more … than  后接形容词或不可数名词,many more … than            后接可数
名词   many more
   people, much more water, much more beautiful
   67. no, not
   no = not a/any no friend = not a/any friend no water = not any water
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  68. no more than, not more than
  no more than 相当于    only,仅仅,只有,not more than      至多,不超过
  69. majority, most
  majority 只能修饰可数名词,most          可数不可数均可        the majority of people
  70. by oneself, for oneself, to oneself, of oneself
  by oneself 单独的,独自的,for oneself      为自己,to oneself   供自己用的,
of oneself 自行的,
  自动的      The door opened of itself.
  71. at all, after all
  at all 根本,全然, after all  到底,毕竟      After all he is a child.
  72. tall, high
  tall 常指人或动物,high        常指物体     He is tall.
  73. fast, quickly
  fast 侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点,quickly                   侧重指某事完成或
发生的快

  run fast, answer the question quickly
  74. high, highly
  high  具体的高,highly     抽象的高,高度的         think highly of
  75. healthy, healthful
  healthy 健康的,健壮的,healthful       有益于健康的       healthful exercise
76. sleeping, asleep, sleepy
  sleeping 正在睡觉,asleep     睡着,熟睡,只能做表语,sleepy            困的,有睡
意的

  a sleeping baby The baby is asleep. I'm sleepy.
  77. gold, golden
  gold  指真金制品,golden      指金色的,但金鱼用          gold fish, a gold ring
  78. most, mostly
  most  用于表感受的肯定句中,相当于               very,当大部分,大多数解时是形
容词或名词,
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   mostly  大部分,是副词        most people, the people are mostly …
   79. just, very
   just 表强调时是副词,作状语,very             表强调时是形容词,用作定语              the 
 very man, just the man
   80. wide, broad
   wide  侧重于一边到另一边的距离,broad              侧重于幅面的宽广        broad 
shoulders
   81. real, true
   real 真的,真实的,指的是事实上存在而不是想象的,true                       真的,真正的,
 指的是事实和实际情况相符合

   real gold, a true story
   82. respectful, respectable
   respectful 尊敬,有礼貌,respectable     可敬的,值得尊敬的          be respectful to 
 the aged
   83. outwards, outward
   二者均可用作副词,表示向外,外面,outward                   还可用作形容词        an 
 outward voyage
   84. pleasant, pleased, pleasing
   pleasant 常用作定语,pleased, pleasing    常用作表语,pleased      主语常为人,
   pleasing 主语常为物      a pleasant trip The trip is pleasing.
   85. understanding, understandable
   understanding 明白事理的,能体谅的,understandable          可理解的,能够懂
 的

   an understanding girl, an understandable mistake
   86. close, closely
   close  接近,靠近,closely     紧紧地,紧密地        closely connected, stand close
   87. ill, sick
   ill 做表语,sick    定,表均可      a sick boy
   88. good, well
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   good   形容词,well    副词,但指身体状况是形容词              He is well again.
   89. quiet, silent, still
   quiet 安静的,可以发出小的声音,silent             不发出声音,但可以动,still          完
全不动,完全无声响

   He stand there still. 他站在那儿,一动不动,也不说话。
   90. hard, hardly
   hard  努力,hardly   几乎不    work hard, I can hardly believe it.
  91. able, capable
   able  与不定式     to do 连用,capable  与  of 连用   He is capable of doing …
   92. almost, nearly
   二者均为“几乎,差不多”和否定词连用用                  almost almost nobody
   93. late, lately
   late 迟,晚,lately    最近,近来      I haven't seen him lately.
   94. living, alive, live, lively
   living, alive, live 均为活着的,living  定表均可,alive     定表均可,定语后置,
live 只能做
   定语,lively    意为活波的      all the living people = all the people alive
   95. excited, exciting
   excited 使人兴奋的,exciting      令人兴奋的      I'm excited. The news is exciting.
   96. deep, deeply
   deep  具体的深,deeply      抽象的深,深深地         deeply moved, dig deep
   97. aloud, loud
   aloud  出声地,loud    大声地    read aloud (出声地读)
   98. worth, worthy
   二者均为值得,worth         后接   doing,worthy 后接   to be done126. care about, 
 care for
   care about 关心,计较,在乎,一般多用于否定句中;care for                关心,照料,
喜欢,愿意

   He doesn't care about his clothes. I don't care for movies.
   99  catch a cold, have a cold
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   catch a cold 不能和表示“一段时间”的状语连用,而                have a cold 可以
   She has had a cold for a week.
   100. change for, change into
   change for 调换成,change into   变成
   Change the shirt for a bigger one. Water changes into ice.
   101. continue, last
   二者均为持续,continue        主动,被动均可,last        只能用主动
   The war continued/lasted five years. The story is to be continued.
   102. feed, raise
   feed  喂养,养活,饲养         (to give food to),raise 饲养,养育  (cause to grow, 
 bring up children)
   raise the family
   103. go for a doctor, go to a doctor
   go for a doctor 去请医生,go to a doctor 去看病
   104. notice, observe, catch sight of
   notice 注意到,observe     观察,仔细地看,catch sight of     突然看到     observe 
 the stars
   105. insist on, stick to
   insist on 坚持要求,后常接        doing, stick to 坚持, 后常接  sth., stick to the 
plan
 106. look, seem, appear
   look  指从外表上看,seem        指内心的判断,appear       指给人以表面的印象 
appear wise,
   look like his father
   107. gather, collect
   gather 把分散的东西集中到一起,collect            指精心地、有选择地进行收集 
 collect stamps
   108. mean to do, mean doing
   mean to do 打算,想要做某事,mean doing          意思是,意味着
   By this I mean giving the students more practice.
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   109. die from, die of
   die from 表示死于(枪)伤,虚弱,过度劳累,饮食过度等,die of                    表示死于
 疾病,饥饿,

   寒冷,年老,忧愁,失恋等精神因素                   die of hunger and cold
   110. pay for, pay back, pay off
   pay for 为…付钱,pay back     还钱,但不一定还清,pay off          还清   pay for 
the book, pay off the debt
   111. divide, separate
   divide 把一个整体分成几部分,separate           把连在一起的个体分开
   divide the apple, separate the houses
   112. arrive, get, reach
   arrive 后接   in (大地点),at(小地点),get      不及物动词后接       to,reach 及物
 动词

   arrive in Beijing, get to Beijing, reach Beijing
   113. grow, plant
   grow   使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去,plant                   移植,移栽已经长
成秧苗的植物

   plant the trees, trees are growing
   114. manage, try
   manage to do 设法做成了某事,try to do       尽力去做某事但不一定成功
   He tried to pass the exam, but he failed.
   115. choose, select
     choose 凭个人的判断力进行选择,select           有目的地仔细认真地选择 
     choose the best answer
   116. build, put up, set up, found
   build  一般用语,建成,put up        临时搭建,set up    建成(内部的设施基本齐
 全),
   found  国家或组织的建成         put up a tent, set up a school
   117. be familiar to, be familiar with
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   be familiar to 某物对某人来说是熟悉的,be familiar with        某人熟悉某物
   The book is familiar to me. I'm familiar with the book.
   118. agree with, agree to, agree on
   agree with 同意某人,agree to    同意某事,agree on     在…上达成一致意见,
主语是复数

   agree with you, agree to the plan
   119. throw to, throw at
   throw to 扔到……, throw at   朝……扔     He throw a stone at me.
   120. receive, accept
   receive 收到某一东西,但不一定接受,accept              接受   I received a gift, but I 
 didn't accept it.
   121. wear, put on, dress
   wear  和  dress 表状态, wear  接衣服等,可用进行时,dress           接人,be 
dressed in, put on 表动作
   It's cold outside. Put on your warm clothes.
   122. listen, hear
   listen 强调动作,hear     强调结果     I listened, but I heard nothing.
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