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人教版新八年级下册Unit 1单元检测题

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                八年级英语下册单元测试题
                       Unit 1  What’s the matter?
一、单项选择(15       分)
(   ) 1. ---What’s ____ with you?    --- I’m having a cough.
     A. trouble        B. the matter     C. the wrong     D. happening
(   ) 2. ---I have a pain in my back.   --- _____ . You’d better see a doctor.
     A. I’m sorry to hear that     B. Nothing serious  
     C. It doesn’t matter          D. OK.
(   ) 3 ---Why are you so tired these days?
      ---Well, I have ________ homework to do.
     A. too much       B. too many     C. much too        D. many too 
(   ) 4. I sat    the same way for too long without       
     A. in, moving     B. in, move     C. on, walk          D. at, walking
(   ) 5.       his surprise, she succeeded in climbing up the high mountain.
     A   At            B. To           C. In              D. On
(   ) 6. _____ her husband, she has now become a famous film star. 
     A. Because        B. Thanks to    C. Thanks for      D. With the help
(   ) 7. Tom didn’t go to school _____ this morning because he overslept.
     A. at once        B. on time      C. by accident     D. at present
(   ) 8.      a teacher, Mr. Wang thinks it's very important to teach the students how to 
        learn. 
     A. From           B. With         C. As              D. Of
(   ) 9. --How does Jack usually go to work? 
       --He ______ drive a car, but now he ______ there to lose weight.
     A. used to; is used to walk       B. was used to; is used to walking
     C. was used to; is used to walk   D. used to; is used to walking
(   ) 10. If you don’t mind          , you’re sure to succeed one day.
     A. take risks      B. have risk     C. taking risks   D. having risk
(   ) 11. ---When did the earthquake in Lushan happen? 
        ---It happened ____ 8:02 ______ the morning of April 20, 2013. 
     A. on; in         B. at; in       C. at; on          D. on; on 
(   ) 12. The teacher speaks very loudly ____ all the students can hear her.
     A. so that        B. because      C. since           D. When
(   ) 13.The people in Ya'an met lots of difficulties, but they didn’t________ rebuilding 
        their new hometown. 
     A. picked up      B. give up      C. looked for      D. wait for
(   ) 14. No one wants to           trouble. Believe me, honey.
     A. get in         B. get into     C. get on          D. get off
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(   ) 15. Students usually have problems            others.
     A. cut off                B. getting on well with 
     C. running out            D. lie down 
二、完形填空       ( 10 分)
    Here’s a story about helping others. At 10:00 a.m. yesterday, Bus No.1 16    along 
Nanjing Road when the driver saw an old man 17    on the side of the road. A woman was 
next to him, shouting for help. The bus driver, 24-year-old Wang Ping, stopped the bus 
without thinking  18   . He 19   and asked the woman what happened. She said that the 
man had a heart problem and should go to the hospital. Mr. Wang knew he had to act    20    . 
He told the passengers that he must take the man to the hospital. He 21   most or all of the 
passengers to get off and wait for then next bus. But to his surprise, they all agreed   22    
with him. Some passengers helped Mr. Wang to move the man on the bus. Thanks to Mr. 
Wang and the passengers, the doctors saved the man  23      .“It’s sad that many people 
don’t want to help others because they don’t want   24     trouble,” says one passenger.“ 
But the driver didn’t think about   25    . He only thought about saving a life.”
(   ) 16. A. was going    B. went       C. has gone      D. goes
(   ) 17. A. lied         B. lay         C. laid          D. lying
(   ) 18. A. second       B. two        C. the second    D. twice
(   ) 19. A. got on       B. get in      C. got away      D. got off
(   ) 20. A. quick        B. quietly     C. slowly       D. quickly
(   ) 21. A. hope        B. expected    C. wished      D. supposed
(   ) 22. A. going       B . to going     C. gone      D. to go 
(   ) 23. A. on time      B. for time      C. in time     D. at times
(   ) 24. A. any         B. some        C. no         D. none
(   ) 25. A. he          B. him         C. herself     D. himself
三、阅读理解(每小题          2 分  ,共   30 分)
                                    A
    Mr. Jenkins liked all kinds of delicious foods. As an important officer, he was often 
asked to dinner. The shopkeepers tried their best to fawn on(巴结)him. They knew it was 
good for their business. Now the officer got fatter and fatter. He could hardly go upstairs at 
home and had to sleep downstairs. He often felt tired if he walked or did some housework. 
He was worried about it and had to go to see a doctor.“Stop eating much fat(脂肪)and 
sugar, Mr. Jenkins, ”said the doctor. Or it will be worse for your health! It was difficult for 
the officer to do it. He wouldn’t do as the doctor said. Of course. He found something was 
wrong with his heart a few months later. Now he thought the doctor was right. And he had to 
be in hospital. “You must lose weight(减肥), sir, ” said the doctor. “unless you want to die 
soon!” “Could you tell me a way to lose weight, please?” “You must do an exercise first. 
”“Which exercise?” “To move your head from side to side when you’re invited to dinner!”
(   ) 26. Mr. Jenkins wag often asked to dinner because             
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     A. he liked the delicious foods         B. he was ready to help others 
     C. he was friendly to the shopkeepers    D. he was helpful to their business
(   ) 27. It was difficult for Mr. Jenkins to do everything So             
     A. he didn’t go to dinner             B. he began to do some exercise 
     C. he went to ask the doctor for help   D. he had to take much medicine
(   ) 28. Mr. Jenkins wag afraid        , so he went to the doctor again.
     A. to die     B. to be thin   C. to stop working D. to do housework
(   ) 29. What’s the meaning of “To move your head from side to side when you’re invited 
        to dinner!”
     A. To refuse other’s invitation         
     B. To shake head more often   
     C. To do exercise like moving his head from side to side 
     D. To accept other’s invitation
(   ) 30. Which of the following is true according to the passage? 
     A. The doctor told Mr. Jenkins to do some exercise.  
     B. The doctor told Mr. Jenkins to move his head.
     C. The doctor told Mr. Jenkins not to go to dinner.   
     D. The doctor thought Mr. Jenkins would die.  
                                    B
    Jim, a successful businessman, told the experience of his childhood. When he was 12, 
his parents died. He was alone and didn’t get on well with others. People always laughed at 
him. No one showed kindness to him. His only friend was a dog named Tige. He gave his 
dog enough to eat and drink, but sometimes he was not polite to it. He didn’t know that an 
unkind work sometimes could cut one’s heart like a knife.
    One day as he walked down the street, a young lady was walking in front of him. 
Suddenly one of her bags dropped from her arms. As she stopped to pick it up, she dropped 
other bags. He came to help her. “Thank you, dear! You are a nice little boy!” she said kindly, 
smiling.
    A special feeling came to him. These were the first kind words he had ever heard. He 
watched her until she went far away, and then he whistled(吹口哨)to his dog and went 
directly to the river nearby.
    “Thank you, dear! You are a nice little boy!” he repeated(重复)the woman’s words. 
Then in a low voice he said to his dog, “You are a nice little dog!” Tige raised its ears as if it 
understood.
    “Uhum! Even a dog likes it!” he said, “Well, Tige, I won’t say unkind words to you any 
more.” Tige waved its tail happily.
    After telling this, the businessman stopped for a while, and then he said, “Ladies and 
gentlemen, this is the very place where that kind woman planted in me the first seed(种子)
 of kindness. All of us should learn about kindness. What a great power(力量)it has!”
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(   ) 31. The boy repeated the words “Thank you, dear! You are a nice little boy!”, because 
        _______.
     A. he was thinking about the words    B. he didn’t understand the words
     C. he wanted to talk to his dog       D. he liked talking to himself
(   ) 32. What made the boy start his new life?
     A. The people laughing at him.        B. The kind words spoken to him.
     C. The hard life.                     D. His lovely dog.
(   ) 33. He was feeling ______ when he whistled to his dog.
     A. funny          B. sad              C. lonely          D. excited
(   ) 34. Which of the following is Right according to the passage?
     A. He never took good care of his friend, Tige.   
     B. He usually had many friends around him.
     C. He helped a young lady when her bag dropped. 
     D. He often washed his dirty face in the lake.
(   ) 35. What’s the best title(题目)of this passage?
     A. A Dog and a Boy                    B. A Poor Boy’s Childhood
     C. A Businessman and a Boy             D. The Power of Kindness
                                   C
    Some of you maybe have seen him before, his name is Nick Vujicic. He was born no 
                  hands and no legs, all the doctors can’t explain why. But through his 
                  struggle(斗争), he became a real man with a strong heart and positive 
                  faith. He can swim, play the golf, write and so on, almost everything 
                  we can do included. 
                      He graduated in 2003, received 2 bachelors degrees (学士学位). 
                  He was awarded(被授予) “ Australia’s Annual Youth” title in 2005. 
Since he was 17 years old, he came to schools, prisons, hospitals and communities to make 
public speeches. He has been to more than 30 countries and places. In 2008, he served as 
president and CEO of an organization called “ Life Without Limbs(肢体) ”. In 2009, he 
published his DVD High Spirits and later autobiographical inspirational books(自传式励志
书籍): No arms, no legs, no worries《没手没脚没烦恼》或《我和世界不一样》,                Life 
without limits 《生命不设限》
    Here are some words from his books which encourage lots of people.
    When we stand here, we know we are alive. We can still change the world.
    To be thankful, to dream big and never give up.
    God have a plan in my life through my story to give hope to others.
    What is there to live?---Living is to do something meaningful, and to do something 
meaningful is alive.
(   ) 36. What happened to Nick when he was born?
    A. He was born no hands and no legs     B. He didn’t have legs.
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    C. He didn’t have arms.                D. He didn’t have a body.
(   ) 37. What can he do ?
    A. He can swim.                      B. He can play the golf.
    C. He can write.                      D. He can do almost everything we do.
(   ) 38. When did Nick receive two bachelor degrees?
    A. In 2005     B. In 2003      C. In 2008     D. Since he was 17
(   ) 39. What’s the name of his DVD?
    A. No arms, no legs, no worries     B. Life without limits 
    C. High Spirits                    D. Life Without Limbs
(   ) 40. What’s the meaning of the first sentence from Nick’s books?
    A. 站在这里,知道我们还活着,我们还能够让世界改变。
    B. 学会感恩,敢于梦想,永不放弃! 
    C. 上帝计划通过我的经历给予他人希望。
    D. 活着为了什么?活着是为了做有意义的事,做有意义的事就是活着。
四、词汇(15     分)
(一) 根据句意、首字母或汉语提示完成单词。(5                   分)
41. Believe us, Mr. Li. We can do it well o       .
42. I’m afraid you are having a fever. Let me take your t          .  
43. In the book, the writer tells us the           (重要)of learning English.
44. The police are now in        (控制)of the whole situation.
45. The bus is crowded with p           .
(二)用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,使文章意思通顺、完整。(10                           分)
  situation,  fall,  write,  keep on,  so that,  because of,  take,  who,  run out,  die
    Aron Jones is an American man 46    is interested in mountain climbing. As a 
mountain climber, Aron is used to 47    risks. This is one of the exciting things about doing 
dangerous sports. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life 48     accidents.
    On April 26, 2003, he found himself in a very dangerous situation when climbing in 
Utah. On that day, Aron’s arm was caught under a 360-kilo rock that 49      on him when 
he was climbing by himself in the   mountains. Because he could not free his arm, he 
stayed there for five days and hoped that someone would 
    find him. But when his water 50      , he knew that he would have to do something to 
save his own life. He wasn’t ready 51        that day. So he used his knife to cut off half 
his right arm. Then, with his left arm, he bandaged himself 52         he wouldn’t lose 
too much blood. After that, he climbed down the mountain to find help.
    After losing his arm, he 53      a book called Between a Rock and Hard Place. This 
means being in a difficult 54        that you can’t seem to get out of. In this book, Aron 
tells about his own story and how to grasp one’s own life. His love for mountain climbing is 
so great that he 55      climbing mountains even after this experience.
46. ___________ 47. ___________ 48. ___________ 49. ___________ 50. ___________
51. ___________ 52. ___________ 53. ___________ 54. ___________ 55. ___________

五、任务型阅读(10        分)
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    Pearl S. Buck was a very popular American writer Of her day. She was famous for her 
books about China. Pearl S. Buck was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature (诺贝尔文学
奖)in l938. The writer was born in West Virginia, America. She spent almost half of her long 
life in China. Her youth was spent in Jiangsu Province, China. She learned to speak Chinese 
before she could speak English. Her mother had traveled widely in her youth and liked 
literature very much. After being educated by her mother and by a Chinese teacher, Pearl S. 
Buck went to school in Shanghai at the age of fifteen.(A) She continued her education in the 
United States at a Woman’s College to study psychology(心理学). After graduating in 
1914,(B)她返回中国当老师. In the l920s her family moved to Nanjing. There she taught 
English and American literature at a university.                              
    As a writer, Buck’s book, The Good Earth, appeared in l931 and sold quite well in its 
first Year. It has been translated into over thirty languages. In l938 she became the third 
American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature. By the time of her death, Pearl had 
published(出版)more than seventy books. Pearl S. Buck died in March, 1973, just two 
months before her 81st birthday.
(一)回答问题:
56. What was Pearl S. Buck famous for?                                
57. Where did he spend half of her life?                                  
58. How many languages is the book The Good Earth translated into?
                                                                 
(二)英汉互译
59. 将 A 处划线部分译为汉语。                                         
60. 将 B 处划线部分译为英语。                                         
六、书面表达(20       分)
    几天前,Linda    得了感冒,妈妈给她量了体温,发现她发高烧。建议她去医院。
在路上,她发现一个小男孩摔伤了膝盖,一位路过的叔叔给小男孩绑上绷带,
Linda 很感动,和小男孩一起去了医院。请根据所给材料,写一篇文章,描述一下故
事梗概,并发表自己的感慨。
    提示词:advise, be moved(受感动), I think…
                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                          

                                                                          
Unit 1 
1-5BAAAB   6-10 BBCDC   11-15 CABBB  16-20 ADDDD   21-25 BDCAD 
26-30 DCAAC   31-35 ABDCD 36-40 ADBCA
41. ourselves 42. temperature  43. importance  44. control  45. passengers
46. who  47. taking  48. by  49. fell  50. ran out  51. to die 52. so that
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53. wrote  54. situation  55. kept on
56.Her books about China 57. In Jiangsu, China. 58. Over 30 languages 
59. 她在美国继续她的教育           60. She returned to China to be a teacher.
书面表达
    Several days ago, Linda caught a bad cold. Her mother took her temperature and found 
she was having a fever. So she advised her to go to hospital.
    On her way to the hospital, she saw a boy crying on the road. He hurt his knee 
carelessly. He was so painful that he couldn’t move at all. An uncle bandaged him. Linda 
was deeply moved. So he decided to take the boy to hospital together with him. What a kind 
girl!
    I think both the uncle and Linda are kind enough. We should learn from them just to 
pass the kindness along. If everyone contributes a little, the world will become a warm 
family.
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