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人教版(新) 八年级下Unit 10 I have had this bike for three years Section B 2a-2d

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八年级下
       Unit 10
I’ve had this bike for three 
         years.

      Section B
     Period Two
     Words Review

nowadays adv. 现今;现在;目前
  search v. & n. 搜索;搜查
  among  prep. 在(其)中;……之一
  crayon n. 彩色铅笔(或粉笔、蜡笔)
  shame  n. 羞耻;羞愧;惭愧
  regard v. 将……认为;把……视为
   count v. 数数
  century n. 百年;世纪
       Words Review

according to 依据;按照
    opposite prep. 与……相对;在……对面
           adj. 对面的;另一边的
   especially adv. 尤其;特别;格外
  childhood n. 童年;幼年
   consider v. 注视;仔细考虑
    close to 几乎;接近
       hold v. 拥有;抓住
Talk about your town/city with partner. 
Why do millions of Chinese leave the 
countryside every year?
    work

Many adults 
are leaving 
their hometown  
to earn more 
money in the 
cities. 
                       study


Leaving home for educational purpose has 
become very familiar with students, 
especially who come from the countryside. 
Back to hometown 
To learn about Hometown Feelings
and understand the main idea of the 
passage 
To learn new words: nowadays,
search, among, crayon, shame,
regard, count, century, opposite,
especially, childhood, consider, hold, …
 No matter how far away from your 
 hometown, there must have a connection 
 between you and your hometown. 
           delicious food
        …        good/terrible weather
 sweet memories      beautiful scenery
          Hometown feelings
high/a lot of hills   friendly people
      heavy traffic tall/old/new buildings
         busy/clean street
Hometown is a real 
great place for us. No 
matter where we have 
moved and how far 
away we are. we can't 
get away from 
homesickness (乡愁). 
We get homesick (想家
的) because there are 
things that we love.
    2a


Click it.
Listen and answer.

How often does Zhong Wei visit his 
hometown? 
He used to return home at least once 
a year, but he hasn’t been back for 
almost three years now.
1. Zhong Wei is a 40-year-old46-year-old  husband 
    and father.
2. Zhong Wei has lived in GuangzhouWenzhou  
    for more than ten years.
3. He didn’t return to his hometown 
    last year.
4. Many new schoolsroads  and large 
    hospitals have appeared in his 
    hometown. 
5. Zhong Wei had a happy childhood 
    in his hometown.
6. Zhong Wei is happy with the 
    developments in his hometown.
2b  Find expressions in the passage that 
    have the same meanings as these words 
    and phrases. 
 1. look for _________search
 2. consider _________regard
 3. across from __________opposite
 4. in one’s opinion _____________________according to (someone)
 5. go back _____________return
 6. changes _____________developments
 7. area __________place
2c  Complete the summary with words 
    from the passage. You may need to 
    change the forms of the words. 
Many Chinese people these days leave their 
hometown(s____________)  to work in the _____.cities  They 
usually _______return  to their hometowns one or 
two times a _____.year  Zhong Wei hasn’t been 
back in close to three years. He has been 
working in a _______crayon  factory in Wenzhou 
for the past 13 years.
People like him are _________interested in how their 
hometowns are changing. New buildings 
are often built by the ___________.government  Zhong 
Wei thinks these changes are _____good  
because things need to change in order to 
become better. But he also thinks some 
things ___________(will) never  change, and his 
hometown is still the place that holds all his 
childhood _________.memories
  Group work

2d  Think of changes that are happening 
    in your town or city today. Which 
    changes are generally good? Which 
    changes could be seen as bad? 
Talk about the softest and 
sweetest memories in your 
childhood.
3a Think about your favorite thing from 
   childhood which you still have. For 
   example, it can be a toy or a book. Then 
   take notes using the questions. 
 1. How long have you had it?
 2. How did you get it? Did 
     someone give it to you? 
 Who?
 3. Why do you like it so much? 
     Why is it special?
 4. Can you say anything more 
     about it?
What        How long    Who 

          Favorite thing


     Why                 …
            部分
Language points 
供教师根据学生学习
   理解的实际程度
    穿插选择讲解

1. Among these is Zhong Wei, a 46-year-
    old husband and father. 
    In my hometown, there was a big old 
    tree opposite the school.
    The stories inside may be a bit old, but   
    they’re still interesting. (P74)
    He slept next to the monkey every night 
    when he was a child. (P75)
    What is behind the science museum? 
    (P77)
介词图示
    Practise
她住在树林中的那座房子里。
She lives in that house among the trees.
在商店的对面有一辆黑色的车。
There is a black car opposite the shop.
他坐在他弟弟的旁边。
He sat next to his brother.
房子后面有一个花园。
There is a garden behind the house.
2. With a hard job in a crayon factory, he 
    doesn’t find much time to visit his 
    hometown.
    Many people like Zhong Wei regard 
    with great interest how their hometowns 
    have changed.
*两句中介词with均表示原因, “因为”或“
由……而引起”
*区别:1) 第一个句子中介词with表达“因
为或由于某一存在的情形或情况” 
2) 第二个句子中with表达“因为某种情感
或身体状况而引起……”
     Practise

因为这些嘈杂的响声,我听不清。
I can’t hear clearly with all this noise 
going on.
他因饥寒交迫晕倒了。
He is faint with hunger and cold. 
3. It’s a shame, but I just don’t have the 
    time, … 
 *It’s a shame.: “真遗憾;多可惜啊”(一
 种常见的口语表达,表示一种不如人愿
 的情形)
 *It’s a shame +不定式或由that引导的
 从句

    Practise
真遗憾,我没有时间去拜访你。 
It's a shame that I have no time to visit you.
4. According to Zhong Wei, however, 
    some things will never change.
 according to 依据;按照

     Practise
根据我们的记录,你曾入狱六次。
You've been in prison six times according 
to our records. 
一切都是按照计划进行的。 
Everything went according to plan. 
注: 另附word文档。          
      点击此处链接
 一、单项选择。
1. His grade in the exam put him ______ 
    the top students in his class. 
    (2012 内蒙古包头) 
    A. between                    B. over    
    C. among                      D. above
2. The city of Harbin is beautiful all the 
    year around, ______ in winter. Ice 
    lanterns decorate streets and attract 
    plenty of tourists. (2013哈尔滨) 
    A. especially              B. generally              
    C. probably
3. — I don’t know where to go this 
         summer vacation.
    — Why not ______ visiting Huanggang? 
         There are many places of interest 
         there. (2013湖北黄冈) 
    A. suggest   B. wonder   
    C. consider           D. regard
二、翻译下面的句子。
1. 据约翰说,  你上星期在爱丁堡。    
    ____________According to  John, you were in 
    Edinburgh last week. 
2. 由于所有人都外出度假去了,房子里
    很安静。
    ____________________________,With everyone away on holiday  the 
    house was very quiet.
3. 真遗憾你明天就得回美国了。
    _______________It's a shame that  you have to go back 
    to America tomorrow.
4. 她站得离壁炉太近了,衣服烧着了。   
    She was standing ____________too close to  the 
    fireplace and her dress caught fire.  
5. 友情给我的心底留下了很深的记忆。
    Friendship                     _______________________has left a deep memory in 
    _________.my heart  
              课时重点回顾

介词的用法
according to 依据;按照
close to 几乎;接近
It’s a shame. 真遗憾;多可惜啊
Now two minutes to test your 
spelling.1. English-Chinese
    crayon, shame, century, childhood  
2. Chinese-English
   现今,搜查,在(其)中,将……认为,
   数数,尤其,在……对面,注视,拥有,
 依据,接近       
When finished, exchange your papers 
to see who does the best.
Write three paragraphs about your favorite 
things. Use your notes in 3a to help you. 
 In the first paragraph, My favorite thing from 
 introduce your    childhood is _______. I’ve 
 favorite thing.   had it for / since ______. 
                   ______ gave it to me.
 In the second     I like ______ so much 
 paragraph, talk about because ______.
 why it is special. It’s special to me because 
                   _______. I think ______.
 In the third      ______ has given me many 
 paragraph, write  memories. I remember when 
 about a story or  ______.
 memories.
           Sample writing
My favorite thing from childhood is my teddy 
bear. I’ve had it since I was five years old. My 
grandmother gave it to me on my birthday.
I like the teddy bear so much because it’s 
dressed in my favorite color. It’s special to me 
because my grandmother made it for me. I 
think I will keep it forever, to remind me of my 
grandmother.
The teddy bear has given me many good 
memories. I remember when I was young and I 
was scared at night because I didn’t like the 
dark, I held my teddy bear to feel safe.
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