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仁爱英语七、八年级知识点归纳

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                          仁爱英语七年级上册知识点归纳

Unit 1
 1、     Good morning/ afternoon / evening    早上/下午/晚上好     Good night  晚安(晚上告别)
 2、     glad / nice to meet / see you   见到你很高兴 (回答也一样)
 3、      welcome to + 地点    欢迎来到……     (回答:Thank     you 或者  Thanks)

 4、    let’s +  V(原)   让我们做……
 5、      stand up  起立          sit down 坐下
 6、      this is-----     这是…… (用于介绍第三者的用语)
 7、      How do you do ?你好   (回答也是:How do you do ?   )
 8、      How are you ?  你好吗?    Fine ,thank you .and you ?     很好;谢谢;你呢?     
       I’m OK / I’m fine , too .   我也很好。
 9、     see you = see you later = see you soon = good-bye        再见
10、     excuse me          打扰一下;请问
11、      I’m -----= my name is ----    我是……
12、     be  from  =  come  from      来自
13、     in  English 用英语
14、   Can you spell it ?   Yes / No  你能拼写它吗?   能/不能
15、    That’s OK / That’s all right / You’re welcome / Not  at  all    不用谢
16、    …… years old                  ……岁
17、    telephone number     电话号码     QQ number  QQ 号码    ID number  身份证
18、   the  same  (相同的)      反义词是      different   (不同的)
      例: We are in the same grade, but we are in different classes.
 句型:
1.     What  is  your  name ?    你的名字是什么?
2.     Where  +be + 主语   +  from?     某人来自于哪里?(回答:主语+be+地点)
        Where  are  you  from?     I  am  from  quanzhou.
3.       How old + be + 主语?    某人几岁?  (回答:   主语   + be + 数字  )
       例:   How old  are  you ?      I’m  forteen.
4.    What is your telephone  number?   你的电话号码是多少?
       (回答:My telephone number is----或者  It’s -------)注意:读出号码的时候要逐个读出。
5.       What   class / grade   +be + 主语  +  in ?      某人在哪一个班级/年级?
       例:what    class   are  you   in  ?   I  am  in  Class  Five.  (注意:Class 和 Five 需要大
写)
          what   grade   are  you   in  ?  I am  in  Grade  Seven.(注意:Glass 和 Seven 需要大
写)
6.       What’s this/ that  (in  English) ?    这是什么? (回答:It’s  a/an  + 单数名词.   这是……)
       What’ re  these/ those (in  English) ?  这些是什么?(回答:They’re + 复数名词       这些是……)
7.       How do you spell it ?    你怎么拼写它?       E-R-A-S-E-R, eraser.    (注意拼读方法)
Unit 2
1、     sb + has/ have ( an /a ) + adj + 五官    === sb’s  五官 is / are  +  adj  (描述长相)
      例:Lily   has  a  small nose.  = Lily’s nose  is  small.  
2、      I know = I see      我明白了
3、      That’s right       那是对的
4、      look the same       look  like  看起来相像     look different       看起来不同
       例:   Jim  and  Lilei look the same.== Jim  looks like  Lilei.  .
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5、      look at  + n     看某物   look for +n  寻找某人/某物  look after +n 照顾某人
6、    both   两者都……       all 三者或者三者以上都……
      Both 和  all 位于 be 动词或情态动词后,位于行为动词前。
      例:   We  are  both  students.    We  both  have  black eyes.  We can both speak English.
7、    give  sth  to  sb  =  give  sb  sth    把某物给某人; (注意:如果   sth 是 it 或 them,只能用前者)
8、    have  different  looks  == look different    有着不同的长相 (看起来不相像) 
     have the  same  look. ==look the same   有着相同的长相    (看起来很相像)
9、 over there    在那边     come  in  请进     go  out  出去
10、  in + 颜色      或  in  a/an/the  +颜色 + 衣服    表示穿着……颜色的衣服
     常常接在名词的后面,表示穿----颜色衣服的……                   如   the  girl  in  red  is  my  sister.
11、  too + adj     太……
12、  pants 和 shoes 做主语,谓语动词用复数;但          a pair of pants/ shoes 作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式
     例:    His shoes  are  black.          A  pair of  shoes  is  under  the  bed.
13、   in  the morning/ afternoom/ evening   在早上/下午/晚上    at  night 在晚上
14、  go shopping = go to the shop 去购物   类似的有  go swimming   go fishing   go skating 等等
15、  help sb. ( to ) do sth ==  help  sb   with  sth     帮助某人做某事    注意:sb 用代词时必须用宾格
16、  high school  中学
17、  play +球类         play  the  乐器
18、  think of 认为,想     think about 考虑        I think + 从句       我认为……
     I  think  he  you  are  right.    否定式常否定主句,但翻译时要否定后面的从句
     例:I   don’t  think  he  can  come.  我认为他不会来了.(不能说:我不认为他会来)
句型:
1、       What  do/does  + 主语 + look like ?    询问人的长相
      例:   What  does  your  English teacher look like ? 
2、      What’s  -----and ------?     ……加……是什么?(回答:It’s ------)
      例:What’s   red and  yellow?  It’s  orange.          What’s  two  and  five?  It’s  seven.
3、    Whose + 东西   + is this/ that ?     Whose + 东西 +are  these/ those ?   这/这些 是谁的……?
      例:Whose    coat  is  this ?  It is mine.        Whose  shoes  are  these ?  They  are  hers.
4、    Who   is  the  letter  from?    这封信来自于谁?       It’s  from  Lily.   它来自于莉莉。
5、    What  color  be + 东西?    (回答:It’s +颜色       或者   They’er  + 颜色)
      例:What    color  is  your  dress?   It’s  black.
Unit 3
1、      Could you (please)……           (后接动词原形)      你愿意做某事吗?
      May  I ……                 (后接动词原形)            我能做某事吗?
2、     the English corner       英语角
3、    live in + 地点   住在某地         live with +  人    和某人住在一起
4、    What does he say  in  the  letter?    他在信里说了些什么? 
      What does he say  on  the  photo?   他在电话里说了些什么?
5、    a lot = very much 放在句末,修饰动词,非常……               例:  I like the boy a lot/ very much. 
      not  at  all   一点也不……                         例:   I  don’t  like the boy  at all..
6、    each other 相互,彼此       students often talk to each other  in class.
7、      do  sth  with  sb    和某人一起做某事 
8、      No problem       没问题
9、      speak + 语言          说某种语言   speak English    speak Chinese 
10、  the Great Wall 长城
11、    come/go   to + 地点            去某地  但 home 、 here 、 there 这些是副词,前面不能加   to
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      例:go    home / come  here / go  there
      go  to   do   sth   去做某事    例: They     go  to  play  basketball.
12、   like doing sth        喜欢做某事         like to do sth  想要做某事
13、    It’s + adj +to sb       对某人来说是……的
14、    help sb  with sth =help  sb  (to) do  sth     帮助某人某事
15、    be  at home = be  in   在家    go  home 回家   get home 到家  in  one’s home 在某人的家里
16、     have a seat / take a seat / sit down         请坐下
17、     office worker     办公室职员      cook 厨师   cooker 炊具
18、     on  a  farm          在农场上      on the sofa       在沙发上
19、     a photo of  one’s family      某人的全家照      Family Tree  家谱    (首字母都大写)
20、    in  a  hospital 在医院(纯属地点概念)           in hospital 因病住院
       例:He is ill in hospital.  他生病住院  He is in a hospital.他在医院里 (不一定是因为生病来到医院)
21、      look after sb =  take care of  sb       照顾某人
22/     teach  sb  sth  = teach  sth  to  sb    教某人某东西   teach  sb  to  do sth 教某人做某事
21、      help oneself ( to sth. )        请随便(吃……)   help yourself/ yourselves  (to fish)
22、      I’d like  sth  =  I would like  sth.      我想要……
24、    Would like to do sth = want to do sth      想要做某事
25、    Would you like something to eat (drink)?   你想要一些吃(喝)的东西吗?
       to eat 或 to drink 修饰 something,作为后置定语。
26、      Here you are .       给你     Here  we  are.  我们到了
27、      What about ……  ==  How about  ……             ……怎么样?
       后接代词或名词,还可以接动名词(即                 What  about  doing  sth )
28、      all  right       好的
29、       a cup of tea  一杯茶      two cups of  tea  两杯茶
30、       milk for me        我要牛奶
31、       Why not ……(后接动词原形)     =  Why don’t you …… (后接动词原形)           为什么不做某事呢?
          回答:Good idea          好主意;
32、       May I take your order ?   可以点菜了吗?
33、       wait a moment   =  just a moment           等一下,请稍侯   wait for sb  等待某人
34、       Can I help you ?=  May I help you ?=  What can I do for you ?  需要点什么帮忙吗?
35、        eat out   出去吃饭
36、        let sb do sth     让某人做某事
37、        have dinner/ breakfast /lunch/supper    吃正/早/午/晚 餐
38、        a kind of   一种……       all kinds of         各种各样的……
39、       be  friendly/kind  to  sb    对某人友好  
40、        such as           例如          例:I like fruits, such as oranges,bananas and apples
41、     be  glad  to  do  sth     例: I am glad to meet you,     I am glad to be here..
 句型:
1、       What  do/does + 主语+ do ?  ==   What  +be+ 主语. ?  ==   What’s  one’s  job ?
        回答:主语 + be  +       职业.
       例如:    What does your father do? =  What is your father? =  What’s  your father’s job?
              He  is  a  teacher.
Unit 4
1、       try   on        试穿……
2、       we/I  will take it    我们/我 买下了 ( 这里的 take 相当于  buy) 
3、       buy sth for sb = buy sb sth               给某人买某物;
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4、        I’m just looking     我只是看看;
5、     three hundred and sixty-five 365  (百位数和十位数之间加   and , 十位数和个位数之间加”-“)
6、        a pair of          一对/一双……
7、        running shoes    跑鞋
8、        Are you kidding ?            你开玩笑吧;
9、       think about      考虑;
10、     thank  you  all the same      仍然谢谢你;
11、     Is that  all?  就这么多吗?   That’s all. 就这么多吧
I2、   I  think so. 我认为是这样的.      I don’t  think  so.  我认为不是这样的.  
13、   当把东西给某人时可以说:            Here you are 或 Here  be + 东西  或 Here it is.
14、     Don’t worry.别担心      ①   worry  about + 宾语   如:Do you worry   about  your leesson?
       ②Worried  烦恼的      be  worried  about  +宾语    如:She    is  worried  about  her  mother.
15.       a few +可数名词   (肯定);   一点,一些;            few  + 可数名词:     (否定)      几乎没有
       a little +不可数名词  (肯定);     一点,一些;           little + + 不可数名词:   (否定)      几乎没有
16、    be free  = have time      有空的;反义词:be busy = have  no  time
       Are you  free  tomorrow? == Do you have time tomorrow ?
17、    在某一天使用介词        on ,  在某个时刻用     at        如:On   Sunday    at  a half past six 
        当 this 接时间,不用介词,         this  Sunday
18、     What’s up  =  what’s wrong ? =  What’s the matter  什么事?
19、      forget to do sth.     忘记去做某事(事还没做)     forget doing sth    忘记曾做过某事(事已做完)
20、      tell  sb  about sth.       告诉某人某事   tell  sb  sth = tell  sth  to  sb   把某事告诉某人
        ask/tell  sb  to  do  sth  叫某人做某事   ask/tell  sb  not  to  do  sth  叫某人不要做某事
21、      电话用语:    ①Who’s    this?   你是哪位?     ② Is this ……你是……吗?
       ③This  is ……(speaking)   我是……       ④May I speak  to……我可以找……吗?
22、      go for sth  = go to do sth  去做某事    如: go for class = go to have class.
23、      It’s  fun     真是有趣的事
24、    call  sb  =  give  sb  a  call     打电话给某人    call sb back      给某人回电话
25、      I’m afraid /sorry  (that)  + 从句                     恐怕……/ 对不起,……
26、      I have no time   = I  don’t  have  any  time 我没有时间     ( no =  not  any )
27、    be  not  in  =  be  not  at  home  =  be  out      出去了,不在家;
28、    sing  a  song  / sing some songs  唱歌;      fly a kite    放风筝;draw  picture  画画
       play sports 做运动;    watch TV           看电视    read books 看书  read  newspaper 看报纸
29、    let sb  do sth     (后接动词原形)                                  让某人做某事
30、    时间读法有顺读法和逆读法:              顺读法(eleven thirty-six 表示  11:36)
       逆读法(分钟数小于等于         30 分  用  past ,  分钟数大于   30 分用  to,如  five past ten 表示 10:05;
       five  to  ten  表示 9:55,half  past  six 表示 6:30  ,  a querter  to  six 表示 5:45)  
31、    show sth to sb  = show  sb  sth  把……拿给某人看;      作为名词表示      演出,表演 
32、    祈使句的否定句,直接在句首加上              Don't 就可以了
33、    have  to   ……(后接动词原形)         不得不……
48.          It’s time for sth/ doing sth       It’s time to do sth    该到做……的时候了?
        It’s time  for  sb  to do sth   是某人做某事的时候了
33、    next time     下一次  next week  下个星期     the next day     第二天;
34、    next to…… = near……         在……旁边 
35、    get up     起床     go to bed      上床睡觉;  get sb up 叫某人起床
36、    do one’s homework         做作业;
37、    have a picnic      野餐;have  class 上课  have a meeting  开会  have  a  party 举办聚会
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       have dinner/ breakfast /lunch/supper    吃正/早/午/晚 餐   have +东西   吃/喝……  
       have a good time =enjoy oneself   玩得很愉快   have  sb  to  do   sth  让某人做某事
       have  to  do  sth  不得不……
38、     on the weekday        在周末;
39、     lot of = lots of = many =much             许多的,大量的
40、     in the sun             在阳光下;
41、     sb  like --- best = sb’s  favorite + 种类  is / are ……      谁最喜欢……
42、      on one’s way to ----     在某人去……的路上;      on  one’s  way  home      在某人回家的路
上
43、    Here  we are. 我们到了
44、    It’s  very  kind  of  you  你真是太好了;
45、      thanks / thank you for + n /v-ing        为……而感谢你;
46、.   in the tree      在树上(外物附着)   on the tree    在树上(树上本身长出的东西)
       In  the  wall  在墙里  (如   window )    on  the  wall  在墙上 
句型:
  1、 What do you think of ----?      = How do you like ---- ?       你认为……怎么样?
  例:What do you think of  your  English teacher ?  ==  How do you  like  your  English teacher ?   
  2、  How   much  be  + 主语?    ( 回答:It’s /  They’re  + 价钱.)
      How   much  is  your English book  ?
      问价格还可以用        what’s   the  price  of  ……  
  3、  Why not ……(后接动词原形)        =  Why don’t you …… (后接动词原形)          为什么不做某事呢?
       回答:Good idea          好主意;
  4、  What time is it ?  ==  What is the time?   (回答:It’s +时间) 
Unit 5 Our School Life
Topic 1 how do you usually go to school ?
1.         at the school gate              在学校大门口
2.         Happy New Year!             新年快乐
3.         The same to you!            也同样祝你      --- --- 
4.         looks very nice!            看起来漂亮
5.         come to school              来上学
6.         come by bike= ride(s) a bike 骑自行车
7.         go by subway=take(s)  the subway= in a subway 乘地铁
8.         go by bus=take (s) a bus / in a bus / on a bus 乘公共汽车
9.         by plane / by air /in a plane / on a plane 乘飞机
10.     by car /in a car / take a car  坐小汽车
11.     by train / in a train / on a train / take a train 乘火车
12.     by ship/by boat / on a ship/boat / take the ship 坐船
13.     go on foot=walk to             步行
14.     walk to school             走路上学
15.     watch TV                   看电视
16.     do one`s homework              做家庭作业
17.     see a movie                    看电影
18.     Good evening               晚上好
19.     want to do sth             想要做某事
20.     what time                  什么时间
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21.     get up                         起床
22.     on weekdays                    周末
23.     at about six o`clock           在大约六点钟
24.     come on                        快点
25.     It`s time for class            该上课了
26.     It`s time to have class        该上课了
27.     know about                     了解  --- --- 的情况
28.     school life                    学校生活
29.     American students          美国学生
30.     take a yellow school bus       乘一辆黄色的校车
31.     have/has lunch                 吃午餐
32.     at school                  在学校,在上学
33.     eat out                        外出吃饭,上馆子
34.     on school days                 在校期间
35.     have a short rest              休息一会儿
36.     after lunch                    午餐后
37.     after supper/after dinner      晚饭后
38.     after class                下课后
39.     after school                   放学后
40.     listen to music                听音乐
41.     read books                     看书
42.     go to the park             去公园
43.     go to the zoo                  去动物园
44.     go to the library              去图书馆
45.     go to school                   去上学
46.     go to work                     去上班
47.     school is over             放学了
48.     class is over                  下课了
49.     in one`s free/spare time       在某人的业余时间里
50.     play basketball                打篮球
51.     play soccer                    踢足球
52.     go swimming                去游泳
53.     go shopping                    去买东西
54.     go fishing                 去钓鱼
55.     go skating                 去滑旱冰
56.     go skiing                  去滑冰
57.     go climbing mountains      去爬山
58.     go hiking                  去远足
59.     how often                  多久一次
60.     ball games                     球赛
61.     have ball games                举行球赛
62.     four times a year              每年四次
63.     meet friends                   见朋友
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64.     once a week                    每周一次
65.     twice a week                   每周两次
66.     three times a week         每周三次
67.     Work must come first!      工作(学习)必须放在第一
68.     twenty past six                六点过二十分
69.     at twenty past six             在六点二十分
70.     have / has breakfast           吃早餐
71.     have / has lunch               吃午餐
72.     have / has supper              吃晚餐
73.     have / has dinner              吃晚餐
74.     half past seven                七点半
75.     a quarter past five        五点过十五分
76.     get home                   到家   
77.     go / goes to bed               上床睡觉
78.     a quarter to ten               十点过十五分
79.     drive a car                    开小汽车
80.     the Great Wall                 长城
Topic 2 He is playing soccer on the playground
1.         Computer room               电脑室
2.         dining hall                 食堂
3.         teachers` office            教师办公室
4.         classroom building          教学楼
5.         swimming pool               游泳池
6.         in the library                  在图书馆
7.         in the dormitory            在宿舍里
8.         in the dining hall          在食堂里
9.         on the playground           在操场上
10.     at the moment = now        此刻,现在
11.     clean the dormitory            打扫宿舍
12.     clean the bedroom          打扫卧室
13.     clean the classroom            打扫教室
14.     clean the blackboard           擦黑板
15.     make cards                     制作卡片
16.     Would you like to --- --- ?    你想做    --- --- 吗?
17.     Good idea!                     好主意
18.     See you soon               一会儿见
19.     play computer games        玩电脑游戏
20.     May I borrow --- ---       我可以借     --- --- 吗?
21.     a few                      几个,一些
22.     Ren’ai Project English workbooks 仁爱英语练习册
23.     of course = sure = certainly 当然
24.     on time                    准时
25.     in time                        及时
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26.     many students              许多学生
27.     do well in= be good at sth / doing sth  在--- ---做得好
28.     do better in                   在--- --- 做得更好
29.     on the shelf                   在书架上
30.     return = give back         归还
31.     It’s a pleasure            不用谢
32.     Thank you all the same         还是要谢谢你
33.     lost and found             失物招领处
34.     looking for                    寻找
35.     some money                     一些钱
36.     a picture of my family             一张全家福照片
37.     thank you all the same         还是要谢谢你
38.     school student card            学生卡
39.     a pair of pants            一条裤子
40.     a pair of shoes                一双鞋
41.     two pairs of shoes         两双鞋
42.     singing in the room            在房间里唱歌
43.     dancing in the gym             在体育馆跳舞
44.     swimming in the gym        在体育馆游泳
45.     show sb around                 带领某人参观
46.     in the center of= in the middle of 在--- --- 的中间,在  --- --- 的中央
47.     on the left                在左边
48.     on the right                   在右边
49.     next to                        在--- --- 隔壁,在     --- --- 旁边,紧挨看,靠近
50.     at the back of             在--- ---后部,在    --- --- 后面
51.     near the playground            在操场的附近
52.     in the gym                     在体育馆里,在健身房里
53.     in the swimming pool       在游泳池里
54.     talk about their families      谈论他们的家庭
55.     Attention, please !        请注意!
56.     between --- --- and --- ---    在--- --- 和--- --- 之间
57.     stamp collection show      集邮展
58.     school hall                    学校大厅
59.     every Saturday                 每个星期六
60.     he is running                  他在跑步
61.     in picture 1               在第一张照片里
62.     in picture 2                   在第二张照片里
63.     look(looks) happy          看起来高兴
64.     love swimming                  喜欢游泳
65.     talk to a Japanese girl        和一个日本女孩交谈
66.     play the guitar            弹吉它
67.     in the classroom               在教室里
68.     in the office              在办公室里
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69.     in the dormitory               在宿舍里
70.     on the playground          在操场上

                           Topic 3 our school is very interesting
1.         What day                    用来提问     “星期几   ”
2.         have a music class          上一节音乐课
3.         at ten o`clock              十点钟
4.         a quarter to eleven         十点四十五分
5.         have a biology lesson       上一节生物课
6.         have a geography            上一节地理课
7.         have a P.E. lesson          上一节体育课
8.         have an art lesson          上一节美术课
9.         outdoor activities              户外活动
10.     how many lessons           多少节课
11.     every week                     每周
12.     singing and dancing            唱歌跳舞
13.     drawing pictures               画画
14.     Working on math problems   做数学题
15.     speaking English           说英语
16.     learning about the past        了解过去
17.     an English book                一本英语书
18.     What do you think of it = How do you like it ? 你觉得它怎么样?
19.     Difficult and boring           难学而且乏味
20.     Which subject              哪一门课
21.     Easy and interesting           容易又有趣
22.     Favorite subject                最喜欢的科目
23.     My school life             我的学校生活
24.     At school                  在学校里,在上学
25.     Be friendly to sb = be kind to sb  对某人友好
26.     In the morning                 在上午,在早晨
27.     In the afternoon               在下午
28.     I aften speak English with my classmates 我经常和我的同学说英语
29.     After school               放学后
30.     Play basketball with my classmates 和同学们打篮球
31.     On the playground          在操场上
32.     Every Tuesday                  每周二
33.     Every Thursday                 每周四
34.     school newpaper                校报
35.     School Time                校园时代
36.     And so on                      等等
37.     Science Today                  当代科学
38.     Thank sb for doing sth     感谢某人做了某事
39.     best wishes                    致以美好的祝愿
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40.     read stories                   看故事书
41.     have a biology class           上生物课
42.     have breakfast                 吃早饭
43.     run on the playground      在操场上跑步
44.     have a physics class           上物理课
45.     watch animals              观赏动物
46.     play soccer at school      在学校踢足球
47.     read a book at home            在家看书
48.     have dinner in the school dinning hall 在学校食堂吃晚饭
49.     have dinner at home            在家吃晚饭
Unit 6 Our Local Area
Topic 1 Is there a sofa in your study?
1.         On the second floor     在二楼
2.         Why not =Why don`t you  为什么不     --- --- ?
3.         Go upstairs             上楼
4.         Go downstairs           下楼
5.         Have a look         看一看
6.         A moment later          过了一会儿
7.         Come in ,please         请进
8.         So many books           这么多的书
9.         On the shelf            在书架上
10.     You have a nice study  你的书房真漂亮!
11.     Dining room                餐厅
12.     Living room                客厅
13.     On the first floor     在一楼
14.     Cousins                    表姐妹,表兄弟
15.     In the front of the house  在房子前面
16.     In the kitchen         在厨房
17.     In the study               在书房
18.     In the dinning room        在餐厅
19.     In the bedroom             在卧室
20.     In the garden          在花园
21.     Behind the door            在门后面
22.     Play with his pet dog      和他的宠物狗玩耍
23.     Play games                 玩游戏
24.     Clean the car          清洗小汽车
25.     Read books                 看书
26.     Have dinner                吃饭
27.     Talk about                 谈论
28.     Near my desk           在我桌子旁
29.     On your desk           在你桌子上
30.     So on                      等等
31.     My family photo            我的全家福照片
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32.     On the wall                在墙上
33.     Put them away              请把它们收起来放好
34.     Put it away, please    把它   /它们收起来放好
35.     Look after = take care of  照看,照顾
36.     In front the house     房子前面
37.     In the bottle              瓶子里
38.     Near the window            窗户边
39.     In the glass               杯子里
40.     Model planes           飞机模型
41.     Under the bed          床下
42.     How many pairs             多少双
43.     In the tree            树上
44.     On the tree                树上
45.     On the shelf               书架上
46.     On the river               河里
47.     A small garden             一个小花园
48.     Many beautiful flowers     许多美丽的花
49.     In the garden          花园里
50.     A big tree             一棵大树
51.     Under the tree         在树下
52.     Very beautiful         非常漂亮
53.     A large living room        一个在客厅
54.     A dining room          一个餐厅
55.     A kitchen                  一个厨房
56.     A bathroom                 一个卫生间
57.     I like watching TV in the living room 我喜欢在客厅里看电视
58.     I love playing on the computer in the study 我喜欢在书房里玩电脑
59.     In the drawer          在抽屉里
60.     On the chair           在椅子上
61.     Under the chair            在椅子下
62.     In picture A               图  A 里
63.     In picture B               图  B 里
64.     On the walls               在墙上
65.     In                         在--- --- 里面
66.     On                         在--- --- 上面
67.     Behind                     在--- --- 下面
68.     Near                   在--- --- 附近
69.     Next to                    在--- ---旁边
70.     In the front of        在--- --- 前面
71.     Don`t put it / them here   别把它    /它们放在这儿
72.     Write a letter             写一封信
73.     Describe different rooms in your home 描述你家不同的房间
74.     The things around your home 房子周围的事物
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75.     I`m very glad to           我很高兴
76.     Get a letter from sb= hear from sb 收到某人的来信
77.     Tell sb about sth          告诉某人关于某事
78.     Tell sb to do sth          告诉某人做某事
79.     Tell sb sth                告诉某人某事
Topic 2  What`s your home like?
1.         What`s your home like?  你家是什么样的?
2.         An apartment building   一座公寓
3.         A town house            城镇住宅
4.         Live with sb            和某从居住在一起
5.         Your grandparents       你的爷爷和奶奶
6.         A big farmhouse         农舍
7.         In the country          在农村
8.         Look for            寻找
9.         Let`s help him          我们去帮助他吧
10.     In our group               在我们小组
11.     For rent                   出租
12.     Wanted                     求租
13.     Small apartment for students 小型学生公寓
14.     ¥850 a month           每月   850 元
15.     Call Ms. Zhang             联系张女士
16.     House with three bedrooms一套三居室的房子
17.     House with furniture for a family of three 适合三口之家,家具齐全的房子
18.     Looking for a quiet double room 求租一间安静的双人间
    under ¥300 per month       月租低于      300 元
19.     Apartment for a family of two 适合两口之家的公寓
20.     House with four bedrooms 四居室
21.     Quiet double room      安静的双人间
22.     Excuse me                  打扰了,打扰一下,劳驾,请原谅
23.     Your new neighbor          你的新邻居
24.     I`m looking for a store 我在找一家商店
25.     On the street corner       在街道拐角处
26.     Post office                邮局
27.     Bookstore              书店
28.     Museum                 博物馆
29.     Parking lot                停车场
30.     Supermarket                超市
31.     Hospital                   医院
32.     Bank                   银行
33.     Train station              火车站
34.     Park cars              停车
35.     Keep money                 存钱
36.     Take trains                乘火车
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37.     See a doctor               看医生
38.     Buy food               买食物
39.     Mail letters               邮寄信
40.     Buy books                  买书
41.     Keep and show things   保存和陈列物品
42.     Bookstored                 书店
43.     Restaurant ['restərənt] 饭店
44.     I hear you playing the piano 我听到你在弹钢琴
45.     The music is beautiful 音乐很优美
46.     I`m afaid it`s too loud 恐怕声音有点儿大
47.     I`m really sorry about that 十分抱歉
48.     Mr. Smart              斯马特
49.     At the end of Elm Road     在榆树路的尽头
50.     On the right               在右边
51.     A tall tree            一棵大树
52.     Mr. Jackson                杰克逊先生
53.     Mr. Lee                    李先生
54.     Mr. Jones              琼斯先生
55.     Mr. Watson                 华桑先生
56.     I live in Yushancun        玉山村
57.     A quiet community          一个安静的社区
58.    Many old people and famillies with young children 许多老人和有小孩的家庭
59.     Lot of = lots of           许多
60.     Tall buildings         高楼
61.     Small gardens          小花园
62.     In an apartment building   在一幢公寓里
63.     Close to               离--- --- 近,紧挨着的
64.     Near Xinhua Bookstore      在新华书店附近
65.     Far from               离--- --- 远
66.     Not far from               离--- --- 不远
67.     A community service center 一个社区服务中心
68.     Call it for help           打电话向它求助
69.     How is the community?      社区是什么样的?
70.     Living near your home  住在你家附近
71.     Do you like living there?  你喜欢住那里吗?
72.     Green Community Service Center 绿色社区服务中心
73.     This is linda speaking. 我是琳达
74.     Apartment 606,building A A 幢 606 号房间
75.     What`s the matter?         有什么事吗?
76.     Kitchen fan                厨房排气扇
77.     There is something wrong with = Something is wrong with 某人 /某物出问题
78.     Get someone to check it    派人去检查一下
79.     Right now              立刻,马上
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80.     From--- to---          从--- --- 到--- --- 
81.     The traffic is heavy       交通拥挤
82.     The cost of living is high 生活费用高
83.     Houses with big yards  带大院子的房子
84.     A house with a garden  有花园的房子
                         Topic 3   How can I get to the bookstore?
1.         Go up this street to the end 沿着这条街一直走到尽头
2.         On your left        在你左边
3.         How can I get to--- ?   我怎样才能去       --- --- ?
4.         Go along Xinhuan Street 沿着新华路走
5.         Turn left at the first street 在第一条街口向左转
6.         Go across the bridge    穿过桥
7.         It`s about one hundre meters along on the right顺着右边走大约  100 米(就到)
8.         Which is the way to--- ? 哪一条是到     --- --- 路?
9.         The post office         邮局
10.     I`m new here           我对这儿不熟
11.     On                         在--- --- 上面
12.     On the corner of       在--- --- 拐角处
13.     Across from                在--- --- 正对面
14.     Between --- and ---        在--- --- 和--- ---之间
15.     Near the bridge            在桥的附近
16.     Yuanmingyuan               圆明园
17.     Tsinghua University        清华大学
18.     Peking University      北京大学
19.     Haidian Bridge             海淀桥
20.     Beisihuan Road             北四环路
21.     Ren`ai Education Institute仁爱教育研究所
22.     Bayi School                八一学校
23.     Haidian Road           海淀路
24.     Haidian theater            海淀影剧院
25.     Dinghao Building       鼎好大厦
26.     Turn left and walk on      向左拐并一直往前走
27.     You can`t miss it      你不会错过的
28.     Beitai Road                北台路
29.     Be --- away from       离--- --- 远
30.     Need to do sth         需要做某事
31.     Take bus No.718            乘坐   718 路车
32.     Change to the No.108 bus at Anzhen Bridge 在安贞桥换乘     108 路车
33.     The way to Shuanxiu Garden 去双秀花园的路
34.     At Liuli Bridge            六里桥
35.     How far                    “多远  ”,问距离。
36.     Sidewalk               人行道
37.     Public phone           公用电话
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38.     Traffic lights             交通灯
39.     Crosswalk                  人行横道
40.     Turn left              左转
41.     No right turn              禁止右转
42.     No left turn               禁止左转
43.     Turn right             右转
44.     Go straight                直走
45.     No parking                 禁止停车
46.     No U-turn              禁止调头
47.     Crosswalk                  人行横道
48.     Parking                    停车
49.     Danger                     危险
50.     No swimming            禁止游泳
51.     No smoking                 禁止吸烟
52.     Make the road safe         使道路安全
53.     Every year                 每年
54.     Get hurt                   受伤
55.     Lose their lives           丧生,失去生命
56.     In traffic accidents       在交通事故中
57.     Obey the traffic rules     遵守交通规则
58.     In most parts of China 在中国大部分地区
59.     Keep on the right of the road 遵守右行原则
60.     Before we cross the road   在我们过马路之前
61.     Stop and look both ways    停下来左右看看
62.     Look left              向左看
63.     Look right                 向右看
64.     Must never play on the street 绝对不能在街上玩耍
65.     It`s good to do sth    做某事是助人为乐的,好心的
66.     Cross the road = go across the road 过马路
67.     A ticket for speeding      超速行驶罚单
68.     A ticket for drinking and driving 酒后驾车罚单
69.     A ticket for parking in the wrong place 乱停车罚单
70.     A ticket for making a wrong turn 拐错弯罚单
71.     Don`t drive too fast       车不要开太快
72.     Wait for                   等候
73.     Turn right             向右转
74.     Don`t park here            不要在此停车
75.     Be careful             小心
76.     Don `t play on the street  不要在街上玩
77.     Keep quiet in class        在课堂上要保持安静
78.     Do your homework after school 放学后做家庭作业
79.     Don`t be late for school   上学不准迟到
80.     Don`t eat in the classroom 在教室里不准吃东西
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81.     A public phone             公用电话亭
82.     On the corner of Zhixchun Road and Qiuzhi Street 在知春求知拐角
83.     Go down this road          沿看这条路往前走
84.     Come to a small park   来到一个小公园
85.     Many apartment buildings 许多公寓楼
86.     I live in Apartment 309, Building 8 我住在 8 号楼。  309 房间
87.     Excuse me, is there a(an)--- near here? 打扰了,请问这附近有       --- --- 吗?
88.     Yes.go up/down this street to the end and 是的,沿着这条街一直走到尽头,然后                --- --- 
89.     Excuse me, how can I get to--- ?   打扰了,请问我怎样才能到              --- ---?
90.     Go along--- and turn left at the first street.沿着 --- --- 在第一条街口向左转。
91.     Excuse me,which is the way to---?  打扰了,请问去        --- --- 走哪条路?
92.     Sorry, I don`t know. I`m new here. 对不起,我不知道。我初来乍到。
93.     Excuse me, could you tell me the way to--- 打扰了,你能告诉我怎样         --- ---?
94.     Go along this roada until you get to--- 沿着这条路走,直到你到达         --- ---?
95.     Excuse me, where is ---?           打扰了,请问       --- --- 在哪里?
96.     You need to take bus No.718.   你需要乘坐       718 路车。
97.     How far is it from here?           离这里有多远?
98.     It`s about --- away from here. 离这里大约      --- --- 远。
Review of units 5—6
1.         At the foot of                  在山脚下
2.         Along both sides of the river   在河的两旁
3.         Some of them                    他们中的一些
4.         Are playing volleyball          在打排球
5.         Like the red one best           最喜欢红色的那个
6.         Three times a week              每周三次
7.         Here you are                    给你
8.         Goes there on foot              步行去那里
9.         Go to the library               去图书馆
10.     May I use your eraser?         我可以用一下你的橡皮擦吗?
11.     Do some shopping               购物
12.     A photo of Kangkang `s family      一张康康的全家照片
13.     On the sofa                        在沙发上
14.     What a happy family1           多么幸福的一家人啊!
15.     Get to the library from the gym    从体育馆去图书馆
16.     Get to the hospital from the bank  从银行去医院
17.     The way from the zoo to the park   从动物园去公园的路
18.     The way from the school to the supermarket 从学校到超市的路
19.     An old man                         一个老人
20.     A young man                    一个年轻人
21.     Have a short break = have a short rest 休息一小会儿
22.     Begins to run                  开始跑
23.     Don`t sit on the bench1            别坐椅子上!
24.     Comes over                     走过来
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25.     Wet paint                          油漆未干
26.     Outdoor activities             户外活动
27.     Activities on weekdays             周一至周五的活动
28.     Activities on weekends             周末的活动
Unit7   The Birthday Party
Topic 1 When were you born?
1.         May the thirteenth      五月十三日
2.         Next Tuesday            下个星期二
3.         Next year               明年
4.         Next week               下一周
5.         How do you plan to celebrate it? 你打算怎么庆祝?
6.         Plan to + 动词原形 +sth     打算  /准备做某事
7.         Want to do sth          想做某事
8.         Have a birthday party       开个生日聚会
9.         Would you like to come? 你想参加吗?
10.     I`d love to                我非常乐意去
11.     Work alone                 独立练习
12.     What day is it today?      今天是星期几?
13.     What`s the date today? 今天是几号?
14.     January first              一月一日
15.     February second            二月二日
16.     March third                三月三日
17.     April fourth               四月四日
18.     May fifth              五月五日
19.     June sixth             六月六日
20.     July seventh               七月七日
21.     August eighth          八月八日
22.     September ninth            九月九日
23.     October tenth          十月十日
24.     November eleventh          十一月十一日
25.     December twelfth       十二月十二日
26.     All the rest have thirty-one 其余都是   31 天
27.     But February`s all alone   除了二月不一样
28.     Be born                出生
29.     In 用于表示周、月、季节、年,泛指上午、下午、晚上;
30.     On 用于星期,某日,某一天的上午、下午(具体某一天时,常用                                 on)
31.     Nineteen hundred       1900 年
32.     Nineteen o four            1904 年
33.     Nineteen seventy-six       1976 年
34.     Two thousand           2000 年
35.     Two thousand and two   2002 年
36.     Kangkang`s birthday        康康的生日
37.     A model plane              一个飞机模型
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38.     Guess again                再猜一下
39.    What`s the shape of your present ?= What shape is your present?你的礼物是什么形状的?
40.     It`s round             它是圆的
41.     What color                 什么颜色
42.     Black and white            黑白相间
43.     A soccer ball              一个足球
44.     Have a look            看一看
45.     Have a rest                休息一会儿
46.     Have a swim                游泳
47.     Have a walk                散步
48.     I`m afraid---          恐怕   --- --- 
49.     Look like              看起来像
50.     Looks like a flower        看起来像一朵花
51.     Just now               刚才
52.     A moment ago               刚才
53.     A circle               一个圆形
54.     A square               一个正方形
55.     A triangle             一个三角形
56.     A rectangle                一个长方形
57.     An oval                    一个椭圆形
58.     How wide               多宽
59.     How far                    多远
60.     How long               多长
61.     How often                  多久一次(频率)
62.     How soon               多久
63.     10 centimeters long        10 厘米长
64.     6.4 centimeters wide       6.4 厘米宽
65.     Use--- for ---         用--- ---- 做--- ---
66.     What do we use it for? 我们用它做什么呢?
67.     We use it to study English . 我们用它用来学习英语
68.     Must be                一定是
69.     An English Learning Machine 英语学习机
70.     Was born on May 22nd ,1967 出生于    1967 年五月    22 日
71.     Tomorrow is her birthday   明天是她的生日
72.     His daughter               他的女儿
73.     Are planning to celebrate it 正计划着庆祝一下
74.     Would like to do sth = want to do sth 想要做某事
75.     Cook a special dinner      做一顿特别的晚餐
76.     Wants to buy           想要买
77.     A beautiful light blue dress 一条漂亮的浅蓝色的连衣裙
78.     Buy a birthday cake        买一个生日蛋糕
79.     Some candles           一些蜡烛
80.     That would be a surprise for Mrs. Brown 对布朗太太来说那将是一个惊喜
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81.     Want to celebrate the birthday at home 想在家庆祝生日
82.     Make a birthday cake at home   在家里做一个生日蛋糕
83.     Buy some candles for her mother 想给她妈妈买些蜡烛
84.     Cook a big dinner      做一顿大餐
85.     Make a cake                做一蛋糕
86.     Buy some flowers       买一些共
87.     Make a birthday            做一张生日卡片
88.     Do some cleaning       做扫除
89.     Sing a song                唱一首歌
90.     When were you born?    你什么时候出生的?
91.     Where were you born?   你在什么地方出生的
92.     What`s your favorite present?你最喜欢的礼物是什么?
Topic 2 Can you dance the disco or perform ballet?
1.         Would like to do sth = want to do sth 想要做某事
2.         I`d like to play the piano 我想弹钢琴
3.         Sing some songs         唱一些歌曲
4.         Chinese songs           唱汉语歌曲
5.         English songs           唱英语歌曲
6.         Sing with me            和我一起唱
7.         I can dance and play the guitar 我能跳舞,弹吉它
8.         Dance the disco         跳迪斯科舞
9.         Perform ballet          跳芭蕾舞
10.     Have a good time       玩得开心
11.     At the party               在生日聚会上
12.     Some bananas           一些香蕉
13.     Of course I can            当然我能
14.     No way!                    没问
15.     Pair work              结对练习
16.     Ride a bike                骑自行车
17.     Drive a car                开车
18.     Play basketball            打篮球
19.     Play scccer                踢足球
20.     Happy birthday to you!     祝人生日快乐!
21.     You can speak English  你能讲英语
22.     Sing an English song       唱汉语歌
23.     You are so smart!      你太棒了!
24.     I can count                我能数数
25.     Take these flowers to the party 把这些花带到聚会上去
26.     Take --- to ---        把--- --- 送/带到   --- --- 
27.     So many flowers            这么多花
28.     Climb trees                爬树
29.     Speak English very well    英语说得很好
30.     Read English books         看英语书
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31.     Take photos                照相
32.     Speak Japanese             说日语
33.     Make model planes          做飞机模型
34.     Class activities           课堂活动
35.     Outdoor activities     户外活动
36.     Fly a kite             放风筝
37.     One year ago           一年前
38.     Could only dance a little  只会跳一点点儿舞
39.     Play ping-pong             打乒乓球
40.     Both like playing ball games 两个都喜欢球类运动
41.     Be good at doing sth   擅长   --- --- 在--- --- 方面做得好
42.     Kangkang is good at playing soccer 康康擅长踢足球
43.     Do well in                 擅长  --- --- 在--- ---方面做得好
44.     Have a good time =have a great time 
45.     = have a nice time =Have a wonderful time 玩得开心,过得愉快
46.     Two years ago          两年前
47.     This year              今年
48.     A year ago                 一年前
49.     When I was five            当我五岁时
50.     Can `t come to school          不能来上学
51.     He hurt his right leg      他的右腿受伤了
52.     I could write              我能写
53.     I could`n ride a bike      我不会骑自行车
54.     I could`n speak Japanese   我不会说日语
55.     Live in London             住在伦敦
56.     At the age of five         在五岁时
57.     Six years ago          六年前
58.     There was something wrong with her eyes
59.     Couldn`t see anything  看不见任何东西
60.     Life was hard to her       生活对她来说变得很艰辛
61.     With her mother`s help     在她妈妈的帮助下
62.     Could write many words     能写很多的字
63.     Begins to write books      开始写书
64.     A smart girl               一个聪明的女孩
65.     She is great!              她太棒了!
66.     Can`t fly a kite           不能放风筝
67.     Work along                 独立练习
68.     Grammar focus              语法重点
69.     Useful expressions         习惯用语
70.     Project                    课题探究
71.     Work in groups             分组活动
72.     Check the answers      检查答案
Topic 3 We had a wonderful party
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1.         How was Kangkang`s birthday party?康康的生日聚会怎么样?
2.         It was very fine        非常好
3.         Sing a song at the party 在聚会上唱歌了吗?
4.         A Chinese song          一首中文歌曲
5.         An English song         一首英语歌曲
6.         You speak Chinese very well 你的汉语非常好
7.         Recite a Chinese poem   朗读汉语诗了吗?
8.         Performed magic tricks  表演魔术
9.         Did Kangkang enjoy himself? 康康玩得高兴吗?
10.     Played the piano           弹钢琴
11.     Danced the disco           跳迪斯科
12.     Recited a Chinese poem     朗诵汉语诗
13.     Performed magic tricks     表演魔术
14.     Performed kung fu      表演功夫
15.     Sang a song                唱一首歌
16.     Magic playing              魔术表演
17.     Japanese song          日本歌曲
18.     It`s your turn         现在轮到你了
19.     What`s the matter?         怎么啦?
20.     Missed the chair           没坐到椅子
21.     Fell down                  摔倒了
22.     Poor Michael           可怜的迈克尔
23.     Did you hurt yourself? 你摔伤了吗?
24.     Hurt oneself               伤着某人自己
25.     I`m OK                     我还好
26.     Look at your hands         看你的手
27.     Go and wash them at once 马上去洗一洗
28.     Where is the washroom?     洗手间在哪里?
29.     This way, please           请走这边
30.     Fell down                  摔倒
31.     Washed his hands       洗手
32.     Hurt himself               伤了他自己
33.     Missed the chair           没坐到椅子
34.     Couldn`d stand up      不能站起来
35.     Was OK                     还好
36.     Played a game          玩游戏
37.     What time              什么时间
38.     Come back                  回来,回到
39.     Come back home             回家来
40.     Come back to school        回到学校
41.     At about half past ten     大约十点半
42.     You were not at home   你不在家
43.     At that time               那时
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44.     Play video games       玩电子游戏
45.     Go to the movies = see a movie 到电影院去,去看电影
46.     Lie to sb = tell a lie to sb 对某人撒谎
47.     It was wonderful           电影非常精彩
48.     Tell me the truth          跟我说实话
49.     Went to Alice`s home       去了艾丽斯家里
50.     Talk about                 谈论
51.     Musical Chairs             抢椅子
52.     Had a birthday party for Kangkang 为康康举办了生日聚会
53.     Last Tuesday           上个星期二
54.     Bought a lot of food and drinks 买了许多食物和饮料
55.     Each of us                 我们每个人
56.     Gave Kangkang a birthday 给了康康一张生日贺卡
57.     Made the card by hand  手工制作贺卡
58.     A big birthday cake        一块大生日蛋糕
59.     Sit around             坐在   --- --- 周围
60.     Sat around the cake        围坐在蛋糕旁
61.     Make a silent wish     默默许个心愿
62.     Blow the candles out = blow out the candles 吹灭蜡烛
63.     In one breath          一口气
64.     Everyone had a good time   大家都玩得很高兴
65.     Some other friends         一些其他的朋友
66.     The music was good         音乐非常好听
67.     The food was delicious     食物也非常可口
68.     Thank you for your birthday 谢谢你的生日卡片
69.     Had a wonder party         举行了一次精彩的聚会
70.     Best wishes                最美好的祝愿
71.     Have a big dinner      吃一次大餐
72.     What special food did you eat? 你吃过什么对特别的食物?
73.     What presents did you get?你收到了什么礼物?
74.     Happy Birthday             生日快乐
75.     Use it for writing         用它来写字
                           Unit 8  The Seasons and the Weather
                         Topic 1 What`s the weather like in spring?
1.         What`s the weather like in spring? 春天的天气怎么样?
2.         In spring               春天
3.         It is warm.             天气很暖和
4.         It is a good season for flying kites. 是放风筝的好季节。
5.         In summer               夏天
6.         Go swimming             去游泳
7.         In fall                 秋天
8.         It`s a good time to do sth  是--- ---- 的好时候
9.         It is a good time for sb to do sth 是--- ---- 的好时候
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10.     It is a good time for sth/ for doing sth 是--- ---- 的好时候
11.     Make snowmen               堆雪人
12.     Climb hills                爬山
13.     Favorite season            最喜爱的季节
14.     Favorite activity          最喜欢的活动
15.     Which season do you like best 你最喜欢哪个季节
16.     It`s hard to say           这很难说
17.     But now I like summer best  现在我最喜欢夏季
18.     Learn to swim          学会游泳
19.     Last year              去年
20.     My favorite season is winter 我最喜欢的季节是冬季
21.     When it snows              上雪时
22.     The ground is all white    地面上一片雪白
23.     How is your holiday?   你的假期过得怎么样?
24.     Wonderful!                 太精彩了!
25.     It`s warm and nice     很暧和
26.     Yesterday it was cloudy all day 昨天一整天都是阴天
27.     Take a walk = have a walk =go out for a walk 散步
28.     Weather today              今天的天气
29.     Weather yesterday      昨天的天气
30.     Activity                   活动
31.     Nice and bright            阳光明媚的
32.     Sunny / rainy          晴朗的    / 多雨的
33.     Cold                   寒冷的
34.     Snowy / windy              多雪的    /多风的
35.     Make snowman               堆雪人
36.     Very cool              很凉爽的
37.     Cloudy  / foggy            多云的    / 多雾的    
38.     Climb hills                爬山
39.     What do think of--- ?  你认为    --- --- 怎么样?
40.     What`s the temperature     温度是多少?
41.     Do you know?           你知道吗?
42.     The low temperature        最低温度
43.     The high temperature   最高温度
44.     The weather chart of Toronto and Washington D.C 多伦多和华盛顿的天气预报图
45.     Answer the following questions 回答下列问题
46.     Summer holidays        暑假
47.     Plan to do sth         计划做某事
48.     Had better do sth      最好做某事
49.     Had better not do sth  最好不要做某事
50.     The weather in different areas 不同地区的天气
51.     In August                  八月份
52.     In England                 在英国
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53.     Need to do sth             需要做某事
54.     Take an umbrella           带把雨伞
55.     When you go out            当你出去时
56.     In Australia               在澳大利亚       
57.     Of course                  当然
58.     Remember to do sth         记得去做某事
59.     Remember doing sth     记得做过某事
60.     Wear warm clothes          穿暖和的衣服
61.     In most parts of China 在中国大部分地区
62.     The sun shines brightly in the morning 早上阳光明媚
63.     Need to wear sunglasses    需要戴太阳镜
64.     In the afternoon           在下午
65.     It rains suddenly          天突然下大雨
66.     Later on               以后,后来,随后           
67.     It may get fine again      天气可能又会阳光灿烂
68.     Be different from          和--- --- 不同   
69.     Need to wear a warm coat 需要穿暖和的衣服
70.     The weather change a lot   天气变化大
71.     Weather report             天气预报
72.     Some big cities            一些大城市
73.     In the world               世界上
74.     Go on a trip to a big city 去一个大城市旅行
75.     Give sb some suggestions 给某人一些建议
76.     Four seasons in China  中国的四季
77.     In China               在中国
78.     Spring returns in March  三月春归
79.     Get warm               变暖和
80.     Get cold               变冷
81.     Get hot                    变热
82.     Come back to life      苏醒,复苏,复活
83.     It often rains             经常下雨
84.     It rains heavily           雨下得大
85.     The harvest season         收获的季节
86.     Be busy doing sth      忙于做某事
87.     From--- to ---         从--- --- 到--- --- 
88.     From December to February  从十二月到二月
89.     From Monday to Friday  从周一到周五
90.     From my home to school 从我家到学校
91.     Draw a picture to show a season 画一幅说明季节的图画
92.     Recite a poem          朗诵诗歌
Topic 2 The summer holidays are coming
1.         Talk about their holiday plans谈论他们的假期计划
2.         The summer holidays     暑假
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3.         I want to go to England 我想去英国
4.         I plan to Japan         我计划去日本
5.         I wish to travel around the country 周游全国
6.         Take pictures = take photos 照相
7.         Go back to Cuba         回古巴
8.         I miss my parents       我想念我父母
9.         Hope to do sth          希望做某事
10.     Get together with          与--- --- 在一起
11.     Next month                 下个月
12.     I`d like to = I want to 我想要
13.     places of interest         名胜
14.     each of us                 我们每个人
15.     has a good plan for the holidays 有一个美好的假期计划
16.     the United States          美国
17.     Germany                德国
18.     New Zealand            新西兰
19.     Brazil                     巴西
20.     Austalia                   澳大利亚
21.     Thailand               泰国
22.     Indonesia              印度尼西亚
23.     Go for a holiday           度假
24.     Go on a holiday            度假
25.     Wear shorts and T-shirts   穿短裤和     T 恤衫
26.     On the beach           在海滩上
27.     Swim in the sea            在海里游泳
28.     Wear coats and hats        穿大衣,戴帽子
29.     In the park                在公园里
30.     Play in the snow       在雪里玩耍
31.     Tell me something about Yunnan 告诉我一些关于云南的情况
32.     Sure = of course = certainly 当然
33.     The best time to go there  去那里的最佳时间
34.     You can go anytime         你在任何时间去都可以
35.     The Spring City            春城
36.     All the year round     一年到头
37.     Visit Dali and Lijiang     浏览大理和丽江
38.     Shouldn`t miss Xishuangbanna 别错过西双版纳
39.     It souds really interesting 听起来真有趣
40.     Very expensive             非常昂贵,费用高
41.     You`d better do sth        你最好做某事
42.     Take a camera          带照相机
43.     So on                      等等
44.     Go on a trip               外出旅行
45.     Go on a picnic             去野餐
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46.     Go on a vacation           去度假
47.     Go on a journey            去旅行
48.     The Great Wall             长城
49.     The Palace Museum      故宫博物院
50.     Mount Tai                  泰山
51.     Baotu Spring           趵突泉
52.     Customs in different countries 不同国家的风俗
53.     Travel in other countries  在其他的国家旅行
54.     Those countries            那些国家
55.     In Japan                   在日本
56.     Enter someone`s home       进入别人家里
57.     Take off               脱下,脱掉,起飞
58.     Put on                     穿上
59.     Never go out with their hair wet 从不湿着头发外出
60.     Point to               指向
61.     Point at               指着    
62.     Point out              提出,指明
63.     Touch a child on the head 摸小孩的头
64.     Muslim ['mʌzləm; 'muzləm] countries    穆斯林国家
65.     Make the OK sign with your fingers 用你的手指做     “OK”的手势
66.     Be on time                 按时
67.     Visit your friends         拜访你的朋友
68.     Wrap lucky money in white,blue,or black paper 用白色、蓝色、或黑色的纸包压见岁钱
69.     Pass something to old people with both hands 给比你年长的人递东西时,要用双手递上
70.     Went to Sichuan with my friends    和家人去了四川
71.     During the May Day holiday 五一假期
72.     The people there were very friendly那里的人非常友好
73.     I had a great time there   我在那里玩得非常愉快
74.     Only five days             只待了五天
75.     Mount Emei             游览了峨眉山
76.     Juizhaigou                 九塞沟
77.     It`s very hot and nice     非常辣,也非常好吃
78.     Greetings from New York!   来自纽约的问候!
79.     The day before yesterday   前天
80.     Chinatown in New           纽约的唐人街
81.     A beautiful skirt          一条漂亮的裙子
82.     Please give my love to your parents 请代我向你父母问好
83.     Best wishes            致以最美好的祝愿
84.     No.1 High School       第一中学
85.     Make money = earn money    挣钱
86.     Per month              每个月
87.     Watch soccer games         看足球赛
88.     Go shopping                去买东西
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89.     During the summer holidays 在暑假期间

                                  Topic 3 let`s celebrate!
1.         Spring festival         春节
2.         Chinese people          中国人
3.         Eat dumplings           吃饺子
4.         Perform lion and dragon dances 舞龙舞狮
5.         Christmas               圣诞节
6.         Celebrate Christams     庆祝圣诞
7.         Eat Turkey              吃火鸡
8.         Eat Christmas cakes     吃圣诞蛋糕
9.         Give each other presents 赠送礼物
10.     Each other                 相互,彼此
11.     Lantern festival           元宵节
12.     It means the end of Spring Festival 它标志着春节的结束
13.     On this day                在这天
14.     Eat sweet dumplings for good luck 吃汤圆求好运
15.     Watch a lantern Show   看灯展
16.     guess riddles              猜灯谜
17.     Thanksgiving           感恩节
18.     Get together               团聚、相聚、聚会、联欢会
19.     Eat turkey and potatoes    吃火鸡和马铃薯
20.     New Year`s Eve             元旦前夕
21.     Until midnight             一直到深夜
22.     Easter                     复活节
23.     On Easter Day          在复活节这天
24.     To celebrate the festival  庆祝这个节日
25.     April Fool`s day       愚人节
26.     Play tricks on sb          捉弄某人
27.     Mid-autumn festival        中秋节
28.     Eat mooncakes              吃月饼
29.     The full moon          满月
30.     Watch full moon            赏月
31.     Full 饱的,满的     反义词         empty 空的
32.     Merry Christmas            圣诞节快乐
33.     Happy New Year             新生快乐
34.     No.15 High School          第十五中学
35.     The most important festival 最重要的节日
36.     In many countries      在许多国家
37.     On December 25th       在  12 月 25 日
38.     Before Christmas Day   圣诞节前
39.     Be busy doing sth      忙于做某事
40.     Prepare for                为--- --- 做人准备
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41.     Go shopping                去购物
42.     Clean houses           清扫房子
43.     Give Christmas cards to their friends 给他们的朋友送圣诞卡
44.     Decorate Christmas trees   装点圣诞树
45.     Colorful lights            彩灯
46.     On Christmas Eve       在圣诞节前夕
47.     The night of December 24th 12 月  24 日晚上
48.     Go to church               去教堂做礼拜
49.     Sing Christmas songs       唱圣诞歌
50.     Put up                     举起、挂起、张贴
51.     By the fireplaces          在壁炉旁
52.     At the end of their beds   在床尾
53.     Before they go to bed      在他们睡觉前
54.     On the morning of Christmas Day 在圣诞节的早上
55.     Get up very early          起得非常早
56.     Open the presents in the stockings 打开长筒袜里的礼物
57.     Santa Claus                圣诞老人
58.     Give gifts to each other   互赠礼物
59.     Later that day         那天晚些时候
60.     Have a big get-together with a special dinner 举办一个聚会,并享用圣诞大餐
61.     Greet each other           互相问候
62.     Merry Christmas !          圣诞快乐!
63.     Decorate Christmas         装点圣诞树
64.     Play games with apples     用苹果作道具做游戏
65.     Give neighbors sweets  给邻居糖果
66.     Give each other presents   互赠礼物
67.     Sing Christmas songs       唱圣诞歌
68.     Put up stockings at the end of their beds 把长筒袜放在床尾
69.     Choose the right pictures  选择正确的图片
70.     New Year`s Day             元旦
71.     New Year`s Eve             元旦前夕
72.     In Spain                   在西班牙
73.     For good luck in the new year 以期盼新年有好运气
74.     Some Jewish people         一些犹太人
75.     For a sweet new year           以期盼一个美好的新年
76.     In China                   在中国
77.     Celebrating Spring Festival is a big event 欢庆春节是一件大事
78.     Start prepare for the festival one before it comes  提前一个月就为节日做准备
79.     Prepare delicious food     准备美味佳肴
80.     Clean and decorate their house 打扫并装饰房子
81.     On the eve of festival     在春节除夕
82.     The whole family       全家人
83.     Get together for a big dinner 聚在一起吃丰盛的晚餐
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84.     Stay up                熬夜
85.     Enjoy dumplings at midnight for good luck  在午夜吃饺子以求好运
86.     On the first day of the lunar new year 在阴历新年的第一天
87.     Greet their parents    向他们的父母问候
88.     Lucky money            压岁钱
89.     Thank you for your beautiful card 谢谢你(寄给我)的漂亮的贺卡
90.     Last night             昨晚
91.     Had a wonderful time   过得很愉快
92.     Wear scary ['skeri] clothes    穿可怕的衣服
93.     Colour faces white and mouths black like ghost 把脸涂成白色,嘴巴涂成黑色,像魔鬼一
    样。
94.     Knock on / at      敲门
95.     Trick or treat !       是请客还是要我们捣乱?
96.     Your favorite festival 你最喜欢的节日
97.     Please give my best wishes to your parents! 请把我最美好的祝愿带给你的父母!
98.     Written work       写作练习
99.     Write back             写一封回信
100.  Read the passage         阅读短文
101.  Complete the table   完成表格
102.  There are many holidays and festivals in China 中国有许多假日和节日
103.  International Labor Day  国际劳动节
104.  May Day              “五一   ”劳动节
105.  Enyoy a seven-day holiday 享受一个七天的假期
106.  They often go shopping or traveling 他们经常去购物或旅游
107.  Dragon Boat Festival 端午节
108.  On lunar May 5th         在农历    5 月  5 日
109.  On this day              在这天
110.  Hold dragon boat races  举行龙舟比赛
111.  Eat rice dumplings to remember Qu Yunan 吃粽子来纪念屈原
112.  The National Day of the PRC 国庆节
113.  The birthday of China   祖国的生日
114.  In Beijing,the capital of China 在中国的首都北京
115.  Go to Tian`anmen to watch the national flag go up 去天安门广场看升国旗
116.  Teachers`s Day       教师节
117.  Halloween                万圣节     
118.  Mother`s Day         母亲节
119.  Sweet dumplings          元宵
120.  Enjoy the bright full    赏月
121.  Trick or treat       不请客就捣乱
122.  Chinese New Year = Spring Festival 新年
123.  Burn the old picture of Zao Shen, the kitchen god to get good luck 把灶神的画像烧掉以期
    带来好运
124.  Put up                   张贴
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125.  Dumplings            饺子
126.  Sweet dumplings          元宵
127.  Rice dumplings           粽子
128.  For good lucky       为了好运
129.  For wealth           为了财富
130.  For a long life      为了长寿
131.  For happiness        为了幸福
132.  Visit friends and relatives  拜访朋友和亲戚
133.  Cook delicious food      做美味食物
134.  Give greetings to each other  互相问候
135.  During Spring Festival 春节期间
八年级英语(仁爱版)上册语言点归纳
Unit 1 Playing Sports
Topic 1 What’s your favorite sport?
重点词语:
1. almost(反义词)never   
2.win(过去式)won(名词)winner
3.ski(现在分词)skiing             4.famous(比较级)more famous
5.arrive(同义词)reach   6.leave(过去式))left
7.popular(最高级)most popular     8.healthy(同义词)fit(名词)health
(1) 词组
1. during the summer holidays   在暑假期间
2. between…and…            在两者之间
3. cheer sb. on             为某人加油
4. prefer doing sth.         更喜欢做某事
5. quite a bit/a lot             很多
6. plan to do sth.           计划做某事
7. have a skating club      举办滑雪俱乐部
8. go skating/skiing/bicycling/climbing/hiking   去滑雪/滑冰/骑车/爬山/远足
9. arrive in                   到达
10. play against…      与……对抗/较量
11. for long                   很久
12. leave for…                动身去…
13. the day after tomorrow       后天
14. places of interest            名 15. 胜
16. play baseball               打棒球
17. at least                    至少
18. be good at            善于做某事
19. take part in                参加
20. all over the world           全世界
21. be good for            对……有益
22. a good way            一种好方法
23. keep fit/healthy         保持健康
24. relax oneself           放松某人自己
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重点句型
25. What’s your favorite sport? = What sport do you like best? 你最喜爱的运动是什么?
26. Which sport do you prefer? = Which sport do you like better? 你更喜欢什么运动?
I prefer skating. = I like skating better. 我更喜欢滑雪.
27. Do you skate much? = Do you often skate? 你常滑雪吗?
28. She spends at least half an hour in the gym every day. 每天她至少花半小时在体育馆.
29. She plays baseball pretty well and she is also good at jumping.
她棒球打得相当好而且擅长于跳.
30. What kind of sports do you like? = Which sport do you like? 你喜欢哪种运动?
重点语言点
31. see sb. do sth  “看见某人做了某事”     强调动作的全过程,常与         every day; often 等连用.see sb. doing sth.  
“看见某人正在做某事”         强调动作正在进行.
如: I saw you play basketball almost every day during the summer holidays.I often see him draw pictures near the 
river. 我常看见她在河边画画.I        saw her go across the street.  我看见她过了马路  I saw her going across the 
street. 我看见她正在过马路.[类似的有          watch,hear,feel 等这类感观动词.]
32. join sb. 表示 “加入某人的行列” “和某人在一起”join +         组织    表示   “加入某个组织”take part in     表示 
“参加/出席某个活动”如: Will you join us?I will join the skiing club.
She is planning to take part in the high jump.
33. arrive in + 大地点 arrive at + 小地点
get to + 地点 = reach + 地点
如: My uncle arrived in Beijing yesterday.
I arrived at the Great Wall. = I got to the Great Wall. = I reached the Great Wall.
注意: reach here/there/home = get here/there/home = arrive here/there/home
34.leave…离开……leave for…   动身去…/。如: They are leaving Beijing tomorrow. 明天他们要离开北京.
They are leaving for Japan the day after tomorrow. 后天他们要前往日本.
35. a few  “几个;一些”  修饰可数名     36. 词
a little  “一点点” 修饰不数名词
如: There are a few eggs in the basket.
There is a little water in the bottle.
37. how long  表示“多久(时间)”;   提问时间段.how often     表示   “多常;  多久一次”;     提问时间的频率.
如: They will stay in Beijing for a week. → How long will they stay in Beijing?
He plays basketball twice a week. →  How often does he play basketball?
7.be good at (doing) sth. = do well in (doing) sth. 擅长于(做)某事
如: She is good at (playing) baseball. = She does well in (playing) baseball.
8.make sth/sb + adj.使某物(某人)在某种状态
keep sth/sb + adj.保持某物(某人)在某种状态
如: Playing soccer can make your body strong.
Swimming can help to keep your heart and lungs healthy.
重点语法
一般将来时:
(一)be going to  结构: ①表示主语进行某一将来行动的打算、意图。这种打算常经过预先考虑并含有自
己做好某些准备的意思,因此通常认为用                 be going to 表达的行动很可能会见诸实践。              如:I’m  going to 
play basketball with my classmates this Sunday.
我打算本周日和同学们一起打篮球。
She is going to buy a sweater for her mother.
她打算为她妈妈买一件毛衣。
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②表预测。指根据迹象推测,而且马上或很快就要发生。
如:Look at those clouds. It’s going to rain. 瞧那些乌云!快要下雨了!
(二)     will + 动词原形:表示单纯的将来事实,常与表将来的时间状语如:tomorrow,                        soon, later, next 
time(week/month/year…)等连用。will not = won’t; 缩略形式为’ll.
表示作出立即的决定。这种意图并未经过事先的考虑或计划,是临时的一种决定。
如:a. ----Please put your things away, Tom. 汤姆,把你的东西收拾好。
----I’m sorry. I’ll do it right away. 对不起。我马上就去做。
b. ----Would you like coffee or tea? 您要咖啡还是茶?--I will have a cup of tea,please. 我要一杯茶。c. Don’t 
worry. I’ll help you. 别担心。我会帮你的。
表示预测。指说话人对于将来的看法、假设和推测。
如:   I’m sure our team will win next time. 我确信下次我们队会赢。
Maybe she will go to the gym. 也许她会去体育馆。
表示许诺。如:        I’ll do better next time.  下次我会做得更好的。
I’ll visit you tomorrow. 明天我会去看你的。
句式:肯定句:I/She/He/They will go to play baseball soon.
否定句:I/She/He/They won’t go to play baseball soon.
一般疑问句:Will you/she/he/they go to play baseball soon?
回答:Yes, I/she/he/they will.      No, I/she /he/they won’t.
(三)动词     plan, come, go, leave, fly 等用现在进行时表示将要发生的事.
如:   I’m coming. 我就来。
He is leaving for Shanghai. 他将到上海去。
We are going to Beijing. 我们将去北京。
Topic 2   Would you mind saying sorry to Michael?
一、重点词语:
词形转换:
(1) adj. + ly → adv.
loud → loudly soft → softly   quiet → quietly
clear → clearly angry → angrily  easy → easily
(2)过去式:
fall → fell  break → broke lose →lost  
throw → threw  feel → felt
(3) 1.ill (同义词)sick (名词)illness    2.start(同义词)begin  3.far(反义词)near               4.smoke(现在
分词)smoking    5.careless(反义词)careful  6.important(比较级) more important   7.Russia(公民)Russian           
8.enjoy(现在分词)enjoying   9.invent(名词)invention;inventor  10.indoor(反义词)outdoor    11.century(复数)
centuries 12.coach(复数)coaches  13.feel (名词)feeling 14.tiring(近义词)tired
(二) 词组:
have a soccer game    进行一场足球赛
fall ill            病倒了
be a little far from…    离……有点远
right away = at once     立刻;马上
miss a good chance     错过一个好机会
get/miss a goal      得到/失去一分
shame on sb.         为某人感到羞耻
do one’s best         尽某人的力
say sorry to sb.        对某人说抱歉
be sure to do sth.        确定做某事
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be angry with…        生某人的气
with one’s help = with the help of sb.
在某人的帮助下
serve food                 上菜
turn up/down…         调高/低(音量)
keep sb. doing sth.   让某人一直做某事
in a minute         一分钟后;马上
on the phone           在电话中
take a seat                  就坐
never mind                不要紧
a lot of traveling           一系列旅行
love/enjoy doing sth.        喜爱/欢做某事
have a very exciting life 过着非常兴奋的生活
as well                    也
throw…into…       把……投进……
follow/obey the rules     遵守规则
over a century later    一个多世纪后
more and more people     越来越多的人
feel tired               感到疲劳
instead of…            替代……
ask sb. to do sth.         叫某人做某事
make a plan for sb.   为某人订一份计划
build up              增进;增强
go right               正常运转
do the homework         做作业
二.重点句型
Could you please do me a favor? = Could you help me? = Could you give me a hand?
你能帮我吗?
Would you mind teaching me? = Would you please teach me? 你教我好吗?
You are always so careless. 你总是这样粗心大意.
Let me buy you a new one. = Let me buy a new one for you.让我为你买一个新的。
He invented an indoor game for his students so that they could play it even in bad weather. 他为他的学生们发明
了一项室内运动以便他们甚至在恶劣的天气也能玩。
And you can throw it with one hand or both hands.你能用一只手或两只手投掷它。
三. 重点语言点
ill 与 sick 都表示   “生病的”,   只能作表语而既可作表语也可作定语.如: The man is ill/sick.           那个男人病了. 
(作表语)
He is a sick man. 他是个病人. (作定语)
Would you mind (not) doing sth? 表示 “(不)做某事介意/好吗?”
如: Would you mind coming and checking it? 来修理它好吗?
Would you mind not smoking here? 不要在这儿吸烟好/介意吗?
3. one of + 名词复数   表示   “其中之一……”,      主语是   one,表单数.
如: One of my teammates is strong and tall.  其中我的一个队友又高又壮。
4.  miss “错过,思念,遗失”
如: I missed the last bus yesterday. 昨天我错过最后一班车.
He missed his mother. 他想念他的母亲.
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My God! I missed(=lost) my key. 天啊! 我把钥匙弄丢了.
5.  be sure to do sth. = be sure that + 句子  “确定做某事”
如: We are sure to win next time. = We are sure that we will win next time.
我们确信下次一定会赢。
be sorry for… “为某事抱歉”
be sorry to do sth. = be sorry (that) + 句子 “很抱歉做了某事”
如: I am very sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话感到抱歉.
I’m sorry I lost your book. = I’m sorry to lose your book.很抱歉弄丢你的书。
7.tired  adj. “(感到)疲惫的” ,    主语是人      如: I feel tired today. 今天我感到累了.
tiring  adj. “令人疲劳的”, 主语是事物         如:This job is tiring. 这份工作令人疲惫.
类似的有: excited  感到兴奋的      exciting 令人兴奋的
interested 感到有趣的    interesting 有趣的
8.15-year-old  “15 岁的”
15 years old  “15 岁”  如: He is a 15-year-old boy. = The boy is 15 years old.
类似用法:     2.5-mile / 2.5 miles
9. instead  “替代;相反”, 一般单独使用,放在句末,前面用逗号隔开.
instead of…“替代……;而不……,相反”
如: I won’t go to Shanghai. I’ll go to Beijing, instead. 我不会去上海而会去北京.
= I’ll go to Beijing instead of Shanghai.
I drank a lot of milk instead of water. 我喝了许多牛奶而不是水.
have fun doing sth. = enjoy doing sth.  表示 “从做…….中获得乐趣”
如: I have great fun running. = I enjoy running.我总能在跑步中得到很大乐趣。
四、交际用语
(2) 请求和回答
Requests              Responses
Could you please do me a favor? Sure. What is it?
Will you join us? I’d be glad to.
Would you mind teaching me? Not at all. Let’s go and practice.
(二)道歉和回答
Apologies             Responses
I’m sorry I didn’t call you last night. Never mind.I guess you were busy last night.
I’m sorry I’m late for class. That’s OK. Please take a seat.
I’m sorry I lost your book. It doesn’t matter. That book isn’t important to me.
I’m sorry I broke your pen. Don’t worry. I have another pen.
Topic 3  Beijing will host the 2008 Olympics.
一、重点词组:
join the English club    加入英语俱乐部
host the 2008 Olympics 举办 2008 年奥运会
fill out                  填出/好
go on                发生;进行
all the interesting places  所有有趣的地方
quite a lot              相当多
make friends with…    与……交朋友
be afraid         恐怕
be free                   有空
see you then              再见
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win the first gold medal    赢得第一枚金牌
get 28 gold medals     获得 28 枚金牌
the winner of the first gold medal           第一枚金牌的获胜者
every four years    每四年;每隔三年
the mascot for the Beijing Olympics         北京奥运会的吉祥物
behave well        举止得体
improve the environment    改善环境
plant trees and grass   种植花草树木
a symbol of …    一种……的象征
stand for           代表
the five parts of the world 世界的五大部分
do morning exercises   做早操
be fond of (doing) sth.  喜欢(做)某事
二、重点句型
1.Could you tell me your name? 你能告诉我你的名字吗= What’s your name?
2.What do you do? = What’s your job? = What are you? 你是干什么的?
3. More and more foreign friends ride in my taxi (= take my taxi) now.
现在越来越多的外国朋友搭我的出租车.
4.Speaking English will help me a lot. 说英语将对我有很大帮助.
5.Please fill it out. 请把它填好.
6.What will the weather be like this weekend? = How will the weather be this weekend?
本周末的天气怎样?
7..There will be more roads in Beijing. 在北京将会有更多的马路.
三. 重点语言点
fill out + 名词         “填好……”
fill + 名词/代词+out
如: Please fill out this form. = Please fill this form out. 请填好这张表格.
Please fill it/them out. (当宾语是代词时, 只能放中间)    请把它(们)填好.
be afraid…   “恐怕” 指有礼貌地、委婉地拒绝别人.be afraid of…            “害怕(做)……”
如: I’m afraid I won’t be free.  我恐怕没有空.He is afraid of dogs.  他害怕狗.
They are afraid of losing the game.  他们害怕输了比赛.
may be “可能是…”     may 是情态动词     + be
maybe  “或许;  可能”    maybe 是副词
如: He may be a teacher. = Maybe he is a teacher. 他可能是一名老师.
He may know her name. = Maybe he knows her name. 他可能知道她的名字.
between  在两者之间
among   在三者或三者当中
如: The answer is between A and B. 答案在 A 和 B 之间.The winner is among of us. 获胜者在我们当中.
5.  There be 句型的一般将来时
正:There will be a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
= There is going to be a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
误:There will have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
= There is going to have a sports meeting in our school this weekend.
四、交际用语
提建议的句型:
Would you like to go hiking with us? 你想和我们一起去远足吗?
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What/How about going hiking with us? 和我们一起去远足怎么样?
Why don’t you go hiking with us? 你为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?
Why not go hiking with us? 为什么不和我们为什么不和我们一起去远足呢?呢?
Let’s go hiking. 让我们一起去远足吧!
Would you mind going hiking with us? 你介意和我们一起去远足吗?
Would you please go hiking with us?  和我们一起去远足好吗?
Shall we go hiking? 我们一起去远足好吗? (shall    在疑问句中与      I 和 we 连用,表示提出或征求意见.          意思为 
“……好吗?/    要不要……?)
Unit 2   Keeping Healthy
Topic 1  How are you feeling today?
一、重点词组:
have a (bad/terrible) cold   患(重)感冒
have a   toothache/backache/headache/
stomachache  牙痛/背痛/头痛/胃痛
see a dentist/doctor     看牙医/医生
have a cough/fever     患咳嗽/发高烧
have the flu      得了流感
have sore eyes 眼睛发炎
have a sore throat     喉咙发炎
take/have a (good) rest(好好)休息
sleep well      睡得好
drink a lot of boiled water  多喝开水
lift heavy things   提重物
stay in bed   呆在床上
have a good sleep 好好睡一觉
feel terrible       感到难受
take sb. to…     带某人去……
take some medicine/ pills   吃药
day and night 日日夜夜
bad luck    倒霉
lie down      躺下
hot tea with honey 加蜜的热茶
brush one’s teeth      刷牙
have an accident   出了事故/意外
send sb. to….      送某人去……
take/ have a look at…  看一看……
not…until…      直到……才…..
get well           恢复健康
plenty of…   充足;大量
take off your coat     脱掉你的大衣
二、重点句型
You should see a dentist.你应该看牙医。
You shouldn’t lift heavy things.你不应该提重物。You look pale. 你看起来气色不好,很苍白.
You’d better go to see a doctor.  你最好去看医生.You’d better not go to school today.        今天你最好不
要去上学.     Thank you for your flowers and fruit. 谢谢你送来的鲜花和水果.
I couldn’t read them until today.  
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 直到今天我才读了他们.
三. 重点语言点
身体某个部位       + ache,表身体某处疼痛。
如: headache 头痛     backache  背痛      stomachache  胃痛    toothache  牙痛
medicine   “药” 为不可数名词
pill        “药片” 为可数名词
如: take some medicine 吃些药         
 take some cold pills    吃些感冒药
with   “含有…”
without  “没有”
hot tea with honey  加蜜的茶    
coffee with sugar and milk   加糖和牛奶
mooncake with eggs 含鸡蛋的月饼
Chinese tea with nothing = Chinese tea without anything 中国清茶
Go to school without (eating) breakfast. 没吃早饭去上学。
until    “直到……为止” ;    句中动词一般为延续性动词
not …until….   “直到……才…” ;    句中动词一般为短暂性动词
如: He will wait for his father until ten o’clock. 他将等他父亲一直到 10 点为止.
He won’t leave until his father comes .  直到他父亲来他才离开.
both…and….   “……和……(两者)都”;       当主语时,谓语动词用复数.
如: I know both Jim and Tom.  吉姆和汤姆俩人我都认识.
Both Jim and I are 16 years old.  我和吉姆都是 16 岁.
plenty of… “充足;大量”   既可修饰可数名词也可修饰不可数名词,                 只用于肯定句,
相当于   a lot of…/ lots of…
many   “许多”,  修饰可数名词
much    “许多”,  修饰不可数名词
如: You should drink plenty of /a lot of boiled water.  你应该喝大量的开水.
You shouldn’t drink so much water. 你不应该喝这么多水.
I have many/lots of/a lot of/plenty of books. 我有许多水.
四、交际用语
(一)询问病情
What’s wrong/the matter/ the trouble with you ? 有什么不舒服?How are you feeling now?  你现在感觉怎么样?
Do you have a cold? 你得了感冒了吗?
(二)诉说病情
1. I feel terrible./ I am feeling terrible. 我感到难受.2. I have a headache/stomachache/…. 我头痛/肚子痛…..3. I 
can’t sleep well at night.  我晚上睡不 4. 好觉.
5. I cough day and night. 我日日夜夜地咳嗽.
6. But my left leg hurts when I move it. 但是当我移动时,我的左腿疼.
(3) 表示同(4)  情
1. I’m sorry to hear that.听到这事我感到难过.
2. That’s too bad. 那太糟了.
3. Bad luck.  倒霉.
(5) 表达建议    1. You’d better (not) do sth 最好(不 )做某事.
2. You should/shouldn’t do sth  你(不) 应该做某事.
3. Shall I take you to the hospital?  我带你去医院好吗?
Topic 2  Is it good for your health?
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一、重点词组:
look tired        看起来很累
watch a soccer game on TV      在电视上观看一场足球赛
stay up                     熬夜
keep long fingernails         留长指甲
wash hands before meals      饭前洗手
play sports right after meals  饭后适当运动
take a fresh breath      呼吸新鲜空气
be necessary for… 对于…是必不可少的
keep you active       使你保持精力旺盛
in the daytime              在白天
throw litter about            乱扔垃圾
get enough sleep       得到足够的睡眠
exercise on an empty stomach  空腹锻炼
= without eating anything
need to do sth           需要做某事
get into                  进入
become sick                 生病
fight germs                  抗击病菌
keep the air clean and fresh   保持空气清新
eat bad food               吃变质食物
sweep the floors             打扫地板
as we know                众所周知
have the right kinds of food    吃正确种类的(健康的)食品
choose the wrong food   选择错误的(不健康的)食品
in different ways         用不同的方法
make us sick              使我们生病
二、重点句型
I see. Staying up late is bad for your health. 我明白了. 熬夜有害你的健康.
(动名词短语做主语)
2.  How did Wang Jun get a headache?   王俊怎样患上头痛的?
Is going to bed early good or bad for your health? It’s good.
早点睡觉对你的健康有益还是有害?               有益. (选择问句要根据事实回答)
Walking is good exercise and it is necessary for good health.散步是很好的锻炼,是身体健康必不可少.
It will keep you active in the daytime. 它(早睡早起)将使你在白天保持旺盛的精力.
You must not throw litter about. = Don’t throw litter about. 不要乱扔垃圾.
We may have more than one headache each month. 每月我们可能会不止一次头疼.
You may get a headache when you can’t get enough sleep.当你睡眠不足时,可能会头疼.
What does it mean when you have a headache? 头痛对你来说意味着什么?
The boy becomes sick.  那个男孩生病了.
As we know, food gives us enery. 众所周知,食物给我们提供能量.
If we eat too little or too much food, or if we choose the wrong food, it can make us sick.
如果我们吃得太少或太多,           或者食物的选择不当会生病的.
三. 重点语言点
1.  be good for…   对……有益
be bad for…    对……有害
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如:  Swimming is good for health.     游泳对健康有益.
Reading in strong sunlight is bad for the eyes.  在强烈的阳光下看书对眼睛有害.
disease  通常指具体的病,      表  “特定的疾病、病名”
illness   通常指生病的状态或表抽象的疾病              如:   Germs can cause diseases.   细菌会引发疾病。    SARS 
is a serious disease.  非典是一种严重的疾病。      Don’t worry about his illness.  别担心他的病。
exercise 表“锻炼/运动”时,    为不可数名词;
表“练习”或有定语修饰时,          为可数名词.
如: He often takes/does exercise in the morning. 他经常上午锻炼.
Please do the exercises at once.请马上做这些练习.He    does morning exercises every day. 他每天做早操
Walking is good exercise. 散步是很好的锻炼.
enough  adj. “足够的”
修饰名词时,     既可放在名词之前,        也可放在名词之后.(但通常放在名词之前)
如: I have enough time/ time enough to finish this work. 我有足够的时间完成这项工作.
There is enough food in the fridge. 冰箱里有足够的食物.
adv. “足够地”   修饰形容词或副词时,         均放在所修饰词的后面.
如:  He is tall enough to reach the apple. 他足够高,能够得着苹果.
He speaks clearly enough. 他讲得足够清楚.
need  “需要,  必需”
1 作实义动词: need sth.   需要某物    need to do sth. 需要做某事
如: I need some help. 我需要一些帮助.
You need to see a doctor. 你需要去看医生.
He needs to take a bus. 他需要去搭车.
2 作情态动词: need +    动词原形
如: If she wants anything, she only need ask. 她想要什么东西, 只要开口就行了.
You needn’t finish this work today. 你不必今天完成这项工作.
6.too much + 不可数名词      表“太多的。。。”
much too + 形容词     表“太。。。”,much      起加强语气作用
如:Don’t eat too much meat. 不要吃太多的肉。
He is much too fat.  他实在太胖了。
四.重点语法
情态动词:
①must “必须,  一定”如: We must study hard.   我们必须努力学习.
mustn’t  “不可以”   如: You mustn’t walk on the lawn.  你不可以在草坪上行走.
②should   “应该”    如: We should finish it on time.  我们应该按时完成它.
shouldn’t  “不该”  如: You shouldn’t go to school late. 你不该上学迟到.
③had better  “最好”  如:You had better go to bed early.你最好早睡。
had better not “最好不” 如:You had better not go to bed late.
你最好不要迟睡。
④may    “可以”如: May I come in?   我可以进来吗?“可能”        如: You may get a headache when you work too 
hard.
当你工作太努力时,你可能会头疼.
Topic 3  We should do our best to fight SARS.
一、重点词组:
talk with              与……交谈
hurry up               赶紧/快
go ahead = go on       继续(问)
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spread easily      易传播
be afraid of…        害怕……
catch SARS         患上非典
do one’s best to do sth    尽力做某事
fight SARS          抗击非典
keep away from animals  远离动物
do house cleaning   打扫屋子
go to crowded places    去拥挤的地方
all the time = always  总是/一直
examine the patients  检查病人
take a message          捎口信
take care of…        照顾……
= look after / care for  
tell/ask sb. to do sth      叫某人做某事
call back             回电话
leave a message      留口信
take an active part in     积极参加
care for patients     照顾病人
save the patients    挽救病人
spend the time   度过时光
teach oneself     自学
help mother cook   帮助妈妈煮东西
on the phone/Internet 在电话中/在互联网上
enjoy oneself     过得愉快
tell sb. a story / stories   给某人讲故事
take some Chinese medicine  吃些中药
二、重点句型
We don’t have to be afraid of catching SARS.  我们没必要害怕患上非典。
Please tell my father to take care of himself. 请告诉我的父亲照顾好他自己。
Could you please ask her to call me back? 请叫她给我回电话好吗?
He took an active part in the battle against SARS. 他积极参加抗击非典的战斗。
He cared for the patients day and night. 他日日夜夜照顾病人。
It’s my duty to save the patients. 挽救病人是我的职责。
What do you think of Kangkang’s father? 你认为康康的父亲怎么样?
Long time no see! 好久不见!
You could cook for us next time. 下次你能为我们煮东西了。
三、重点语言点
talk with sb. 表 “与……交流” ,  指  “与人平等地交流、讨论”
talk to sb.   表示 “找某人谈话” ,   在口语中常     “责备某人”
如: Jim’s father is talking with the teacher. 吉姆的父亲正在和老师交谈.
I will talk to him about his careless. 我要找他谈话,批评他的粗心大意.
常用的反身代词词组:
take care of oneself = look after oneself  照顾某人自己
teach oneself = learn by oneself  自学
enjoy oneself = have a good time  玩得高兴
help sb (to) do sth = help sb. with sth.  帮助某人做某事
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如: I helped my mother cook at home.
= I helped my mother with the cook at home. 我在家帮我母亲做饭.
四、重点语法
(一) 情态动词: must    与  have to
①  must  "必须;一定”,     表示有做某一动作的必要或义务,侧重表达说话者的主观看法.(只有一种时态)
如:We must wash hands before meals. 饭前我们必须洗手.
We must eat healthy food. 我们必须吃健康的食物.
②  have to  “不得不,必须”,    侧重表示因客观条件或客观环境的迫使而"不得不做某事".(可用于各种
时态)
如:It’s too late. I have to go now. 太迟了.现在我得走了.
I had to borrow some money at that time. 那时我不得不借了一些钱.
*----Must we keep the windows open all the time?---No, we don’t have to. / No, we needn’t.  (注意回答时不能
用 No, we mustn’t.)
(二)电话用语:
Hello! Could /May I speak to…, please? 你好! 我能跟……通话吗?
May I take a message?  我能捎个口信吗?
This is Kangkang. 我是康康.
Hello! Who’s that? 你好! 你是谁?
Review of Units 1---2
break the window   打破窗户(玻璃)
get lost        丢失;迷路
on one’s way (to)   在….的路上
take the wrong bus        搭错车
one of the most popular sports  最受欢迎的运动之一
a group of people     一群人
form an international organization   成立一个国际组织
put sth in low places     把某物放在低处
eat sth by mistake     误吃
put…away         把…收起来
ask for three days’ leave   请三天的假
Unit 3  Our Hobbies
Topic 1  I love collecting stamps
一.重点词汇
hobby 爱好      vacation 假期  painting 绘画   friendship 友谊    knowledge 知识          daily 每日
的    whether 是否   such as 例如     used to do sth. 过去常常做某事
 take a bath  洗澡 be interested in 对……感兴趣 go dancing 跳舞     
go boating 划船  play volleyball 打排球 
swimming 游泳   drawing 画画     
collecting stamps 集邮  collecting coins 收藏硬币   listening to pop music 听流行音乐 
listening to classical music 听古典音乐 listening to symphony 听交响乐          walking in the countryside 
在乡间散步
二.重点句型:
1.Wow! So many stamps!(Page 53)哇,那么多的邮票!本句意为:There are so many stamps. so many     意思是
“那么多”,so much    意思也是“那么多”。如:
1)There are so many flowers. Or: So many flowers!这里有这么多的花。
2)There is so much water on the table. Or: So much water!桌子上有那么多的水。     
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2. We can learn a lot about people, places, history, and special times from stamps. (Page 53)通过这些邮票我们
可以学到许多关于人文、地理、历史和特殊时代的知识。
a lot “许多、大量”,用在动词后,同          very much。如:
1)She had told me a lot about how to learn English well.
她告诉我许多有关怎样学好英语的方法。
2)Thanks a lot.非常感谢。
另外,a   lot of 和 lots of 的意思也是“许多、大量”,要用在名词前,在肯定句中常代替                       much,many。在
口语中尤其如此。如:
There are a lot of / lots of history books in the room.屋里有许多历史书。
There is still a lot of / lots of snow on top of the house.房上仍有许多雪。
We have had a lot of / lots of fruits. 我们吃过许多水果。
a lot of 和 lots of 之间没有多大区别,都可以与可数名词和不可数名词连用。与不可数名词连用时,动词
用单数,与可数名词连用时,动词用复数。见上述例句。
3.Would you like to collect any of these things? (Page 53)你想集下面这些东西吗?
would you like to +动词原形,表示“想要……”如:
1) Would you like to have a cup of coffee? 你想要一杯咖啡吗?
2)Would you like to have something to drink?你想要点喝的吗?
any 用在疑问句、条件从句中,可以翻译为“什么”、“一些”。如:
1)Are there any letters for me? 这有我的信吗?
2)If you have any trouble, please let me know. 如果你有什么困难,请告诉我。
4. What things do you love collecting? (Page 53)你喜欢集什么东西?
love + doing 表示“喜欢、爱好”,也可以用         like+ doing 表示。如:
1)I love listening to the music.我爱好听音乐。
2)I love skating.我喜欢溜冰。
5.I am interested in playing sports. (Page 54)我对运动感兴趣。
be interested in (doing) sth. “对……感兴趣”如:
1)I am interested in reading books.我对读书特别感兴趣。
2)Jack is interested in football.杰克对足球很感兴趣。
6.What do you often do in your spare time? (Page 55)
在你的业余时间里面你都做些什么啊?
in one’s spare time “在业余时间”“在闲暇之际”,也可用        in one’s free time 替换。如:
1)I shall do it in my spare time. 我会在我的业余时间做这件事。
2)In my free time I often go to the movies.在闲暇之际,我常去看电影。 
 7. I often go fishing. (Page 55)我经常去钓鱼。
go + doing 表示“去做某事”
go +v-ing 结构很常用,多用于体育活动和业余娱乐活动。如:
1)Let’s go fishing next Sunday.下星期天我们去钓鱼吧。
2)Are you going hiking this weekend?这个周末你打算去远足吗?
 另外还有:go hunting    去打猎  go shooting 去射击  go swimming  去游泳
go bathing 去沐浴  go shopping 去购物  go climbing 去爬山 
8.And I do a lot of reading. (Page 55)我通常都是阅读一些书籍。
在英语中有不少由“do + doing”的结构,表示“干某事”。如:
散步 do some walking    do a lot of walking
读书 do some readingdo a lot of reading
洗衣服 do some washingdo a lot of washing
买东西 do some shoppingdo a lot of shopping
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清扫 do some cleaningdo a lot of cleaning
9.Im a movie fan. 我是一个电影迷。
fan(运动、电影等)狂热爱好者。如:
a film / football / star fan 
同时,fan   作为名词还有“风扇”的意思。如:electric fan          电扇。
10.I also rent VCDs and watch them at home. 
我也租一些     VCD  在家看。
watch “观看、注视”。如:
1) I like to watch TV.我喜欢看电视。
2) Are you going to play or watch?你将参加比赛还是只是去看看?
 11.Why not go out and do some outdoor activities?
为什么不走出去做一些户外运动呢?
这是一个省略句,全句可以说成              Why shall we not go out and do some outdoor activities?常在口语中使用,
用来征求对方的意见或表达建议。使用这种句子必须要有上下文,如:
1)Why not meet at the school gate?我们在校门口见面好吗?
2)Why not run a little faster?为什么不跑快一点呢?
some“一些、几个”,用在疑问句中,            表示希望得到肯定回答。如:
1)Would you like to give us some good advice?请给我们一些好的建议好吗? 
2)Would you like some coffee or tea?请问,你是想喝咖啡还是茶?
 12.Maybe I need a change. (Page 55) 或许我需要改变。maybe “也许、可能、大概”。如:
1)Maybe he will come, maybe he won’t.也许他来,也许他不来。
2)—Is that true?那是真的吗?
—Maybe, I am not sure.也许,我也不敢肯定。
13.My interests are changing all the time. (Page 56) 我的兴趣爱好总是在不断地改变。
all the time“总是、一直”。如:1)Why are you playing all the time? 你为什么总是玩啊?
2)Look at these monkeys, they are jumping all the time.看看这些猴子,它们一直跳个不停。
14. And I wasn’t interested in sports at all. (Page 56)我对运动一点兴趣都没有。
not...at all “一点也不……”;“全然不”。如:
1)I didn’t mind it at all. 我一点也不在意。
2)—Thank you for helping me.谢谢你帮助我。
—Not at all.没关系。3)He didn’t know that at all. 他对此事一无所知。
15. But now, my hobbies are sports, like soccer and swimming. (Page 56)
但是现在我的爱好是体育,比如足球和游泳。
like “像……,好比……”。如:
1)He swims very quickly like a fish.他游泳非常地快,像一条鱼。
2) The cake is round like a moon.这块蛋糕是圆的,就像月亮一样。
16. I never miss any important soccer games. 
我从未错过任何一场重要的足球比赛。
never “未曾、从未”,表示否定。如:1)I have never met him before.我以前从未见过他。
2) You have never been to the Great Wall, have you?你从未去过长城,是吗?
17. I used to know little about paintings. (Page 56)我过去不太懂绘画。little 和 few 都含有否定的意思。表示
“不多”;“很少”。little   相当于   not much, few 相当于  not many。little 与不可数名词连用,     few 与可数名词复
数连用。如:
1)I have little time.我的时间很少。
2) I understood little of his speech.他的话我没有明白多少。
3) Few of the students passed the exam.没有几个学生考试及格。Few people would agree with him.没有多少人
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同意他。而     a little 和 a few 含有肯定的意思,表示“一些”;“几个”(虽然少,但有一些)。如:
1)I know a little French.我多少还懂点儿法语。
2) There’s a little water in the glass.杯子里还有点儿水。
3) Can you stay a few days longer?你能多呆几天吗?4)I still have a few friends in Beijing.我在北京还有几个
朋友。
18. I enjoy listening to rock music. (Page 56)我喜欢听摇滚音乐。
like, love, enjoy 和 prefer,这四个词都有“喜欢”之意,但用法不同。试比较:
like 意为“喜欢、爱好”,语气较弱,其后可跟名词、代词、不定式、动名词等作宾语。like                               也常跟复合宾
语,宾语补足语常用动词不定式。如:
1)In England, many people like fish and chips.
在英国,许多人喜欢鱼和油炸土豆条。
2)Jack likes playing football.杰克爱踢足球。
3)I don’t like to eat apples now.现在我不想吃苹果。
love 意为“爱,热爱,喜欢”,常指对祖国、亲人及朋友的爱,也可用于事物,强调非常喜欢,具有较强的
感情色彩。其后可跟名词、动名词、代词或不定式作宾语。如:
1)Father loves his work.爸爸热爱他的工作。
2)I love watching TV.我爱看电视。
3)Children love to play this game.孩子们爱做这种游戏。
4)We all love our great motherland.我们热爱我们伟大的祖国。
enjoy 意为“喜欢,欣赏”,含有“乐于、享受……之乐趣”之意,其后可以跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语。
enjoy oneself 表示“玩得愉快”之意。
1)The Greens enjoy living in China.格林一家喜欢在中国居住。
2)Did you enjoy yourself in the zoo?你在动物园玩得愉快吗?
3)Many foreigners enjoy Chinese food.很多外国人喜欢中国菜。
prefer 意为“宁愿、更喜欢”,常用于两者之间的选择,其后可跟名词、代词、动名词或不定式。
prefer...to...表示“宁愿……,不愿……”,“喜欢……而不喜欢……”,其中                   to 为介词,后可跟名词或动名词。
如:
1)Which do you prefer, tea or coffee?你比较喜欢喝茶,还是喝咖啡?
2)I prefer walking to cycling.我喜欢步行胜过骑单车。
3)My brother likes maths, but I prefer English.
我哥哥喜欢数学,而我更喜欢英语。 
19.Did you use to go swimming during summer vacations? 在暑假里,你过去经常去游泳么?
during “在……的期间、在……的时候”。如:
1)The sun gives us light during the daytime.太阳在白天给我们阳光。
2) He called to see me during my absence.当我不在的时候他来访过我。
20.I used to do that in the pond in front of my house. 我过去常在我家门前的池塘里游泳。
in front of “在……的前面”;指在物体外部的前面。而              in the front of “……的前部”;指在物体内部的前面,
即前部。注意它们的区别。试比较:1)There is a tall tree in front of my house.我家房前有一棵大树。
2)Don’t stand in front of me. I can’t see the blackboard.别站在我前面。我都看不见黑板。
3)The teacher is giving a lesson in the front of the classroom.
老师在教室的前面讲课。
4) The driver is sitting in the front of the car.司机坐在汽车的前面。
21.Nobody. I taught myself. ( Page 57) 没有任何人,我自学的。teach      oneself “自学、自修”。teach   动词
“教授、教……”有些动词后常跟反身代词,如:enjoy                   oneself “过得愉快”,    help oneself “随便吃(用)
……”。如:
1)She teaches history in our school.她在我们学校教历史。
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2)She taught his son English when he was 3 years old.她儿子 3 岁时,她就教他英语。
3)Did you enjoy yourselves in the party?你们在舞会上玩得愉快吗?4)Help yourself to some fruit.请随便吃
些水果吧。 
22.When they are free, people usually do what they like. (Page 58) 当人们空闲的时候,他们总是做一些自己
喜欢的事情。
free “有空、空闲”,     be free 可以替换为   have time。如:
1)Are you free this evening? = Do you have time this evening? 你今天晚上有空吗?
2)If I am free, I am going to visit the museum. = If I have time, I am going to visit the museum.如果有时间,我
打算去参观博物馆。
23.They also paint pictures or collect things such as coins, dolls or stamps. (Page 58) 
他们也绘画或者收集一些东西,例如:硬币、娃娃或邮票。
such as “像……、比如……、诸如……”如:
1)We study several subjects, such as Chinese, maths, English and physics.我们学习很多的科目,比如语文、
数学、英语和物理。
2)I can name some animals in the zoo, such as tiger, wolf, fox and so on.
我可以叫出动物园里一些动物的名字,如老虎,狼,狐狸等。
24.When people become old, hobbies can keep them healthy. When people are sick, hobbies can help them get 
well sooner.(Page 58)
当人们变老的时候,爱好可以帮助他们保持健康。当人们身体虚弱的时候,爱好还可以帮助他们很快地
康复。本句中      become, keep, be, 与 get 都是系动词。系动词的基本用法是其后加形容词做表语。系动词一
共可以分为两大类:表示状态的和表示状态变化的。
系动词表示状态的又分为以下三类:
1)be, seem, appear 等。
2)由感官动词变化而来的,翻译成中文通常可以翻译成“……起来”,这些系动词有:look, sound, feel, taste, 
smell 等。
3)由不及物动词转化而来的,这些系动词有:stand, keep, prove, remain
系动词表示状态变化的包括:become, go, get, grow, turn, fall     等。如:
1)Coffee smells nice.咖啡闻起来好香。
2)After hearing that, his face went red.听完,他的脸红了。
3)The days get longer and longer in spring.春天白天变得越来越长了。
24.I call him Pink pig. The color of his skin is light pink. ( Page 59) 
我叫他粉色,因为他的皮肤是淡粉色的。
light“淡色的、浅色的”,而       dark 的意思则是“深色的、暗淡的”。如:
1)Which dress do you like, the light one or the dark one?
你喜欢哪条裙子,浅色的还是深色的?
2)It is dark now. Let’s go home quickly. 天黑了,咱们快点儿回家吧。
25.Pink likes to have a bath.( Page 59) Pink 喜欢洗澡。have a bath 洗澡
短语  have a bath 与动词 bathe 意思一样,但前者表示在有限的时间里进行某项活动。如:
游泳 have a swim    谈一谈   have a talk
洗一洗 have a wash 骑马  have a ride
看一看 have a look 休息一下 have a rest 
26.How do you take care of them?你怎样照顾它们?take care of 照顾,类似的说法还有         look after。如:
1)The girl is too young to take care of herself.这姑娘太小了还不能照顾自己。
2) The old man is taken good care of by his children.这位老人被他的孩子们精心照顾着。
3)My mother is ill. I have to look after her at home.我妈妈病了,我得在家照顾她。
4)You must look after your things. 你必须照看好你自己的东西。
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三.语法学习
1.I used to listen to rock music but now I collect telephone cards and paintings. (Page 53)
我过去常听摇滚乐,可现在我集电话卡和画。
used to do sth. 这一结构表示过去的习惯(过去经常反复发生的动作)或状态(暗含的意思是现在已不复
存在),只有一种形式,即过去式,用于所有人称。used                      to 的否定形式为:used      not to do 或 didn’t use to 
do。疑问句为     Used you to... ? 或 Did you use to...?如:
1)I used to go to school on foot. 
我过去步行上学。(暗含的意思是:我现在不再步行上学了。)
2)Mary used to sleep late.
玛莉过去总是很晚才睡觉。(暗含的意思是:玛莉现在睡觉不再那么晚了。)
3)I used to walk along the road after supper.
我过去常常在晚饭后沿着这条马路散步。
4)He used not to like Peking opera, but now he’s very fond of it.
他过去不喜欢京剧,但现在非常喜欢。
现在大多数人在口语中或不太正式的书面语中对否定句和疑问句常使用与                               do 连用的形式。例如:
1)I didn’t use to like skating, but now I like it very much.
我过去不喜欢滑冰,但现在很喜欢。
2)Did you use to go there?你以往常去哪儿?
3)There used to be a theatre here, didn’t there?以前这里有一座剧院,是不是?
另外,注意     be used to doing sth.与 used to do sth.的区别:
be used to doing sth “习惯于…,适应于…”如:
1)He is used to working hard. 他习惯于努力地工作。2)He used to bring me roses when he came to see me. 
过去他来看我时,常带玫瑰花。
3)I’m used to doing jogging in the morning now. 我习惯于早上慢跑。
be used to do sth.“某物被用来做某事”。如:
1)Wood is used to make paper. 木材被用来生产纸张。
2)Computers can be used to do a lot of work now. 如今电脑可用来做许多事。
2. Collecting stamps must be great fun! (Page 53)集邮肯定很有趣!
must 在这里是情态动词,作用是用来表示推测,可以翻译为“想必”。如:
1)Your brother must be in the school. I saw him just now.
你的哥哥想必在学校。我刚才看见他了。
2)Your friend must have left for Nanjing yesterday.
你的朋友想必昨天已经离开去南京了。
3) She thought that her present must be in the box.她以为礼物一定是在盒子里。
4) You must be thirsty after a long walk.走了很长的路,你一定渴了。
5) It must be ten o’clock now.现在肯定有 10 点钟了。情态动词     must 的三种否定形式
must 表示“必须”时,其否定回答为           don’t have to,意思为“不需要”。如:
1)Must I pay back the money right now? No, you don’t have to.
我必须现在偿还这笔钱吗?不,你不需要现在还。2)You must listen to the teacher carefully in class.你必须
在课堂上认真听讲。
must 表示“推测”时,其否定形式为           can’t,意思为“不可能”。如:
1)I’ve seen what she is talking about, so she can’t be telling lies.我目睹了她所说的事情,因此,她不可能在
说谎。
2)Yesterday I received a letter from him, so he can’t be here. 昨天我收到了他的信,所以说他不可能在这儿。
而 must not 的意思为“绝对不可,不许,禁止”。如:1)You must not smoke in the hospital.你绝对不可以在
医院里吸烟。
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2)You  must not cross the road when the traffic lights are red.交通灯是红色时,你千万不能过马路。3.He 
doesn’t mind whether they’re good or not. 他并不介意它们是否是好的。
此句为以    whether 引导的宾语从句。whether...or not“不论是否……”。如: 
1)You  have to get up early everyday whether it rains or not.你必须天天早点起床,不论是否下雨。2)
Whether we go or not matters little.不论我们是否去,关系不大。
if 与 whether 的区别。
二者在引导宾语从句时一般可换用。如:
1)I want to know if / whether it is going to rain tomorrow.我想知道明天是否下雨。
2) He asked me if / whether Li Ping was at home.他问我李平是否在家。3) He didn’t understand if / whether the 
stranger told a lie.他不明白那个陌生人是否说的是假话。 
但下列几种情况不能换用。
whether 后可紧接   or not,而 if 一般不能。 
Let me know whether or not you can come.
你能来还是不能来,请告诉我一声。
whether 引导的宾语从句可移到主句前,if            则不能。如:Whether this is true or not, I can not say.这件事是否
真实,我说不上。
不定式前用     whether,不用   if。如:I haven’t decided whether to go to the cinema or to stay at home.我还没有
决定是看电影还是留在家里。
介词后可用     whether,不用   if。如:
I haven’t settled the question of whether I’ll go back home.我是否回家还没有定。

Topic2 I like pop music
一. 重点词汇
pity 遗憾 concert 音乐会   violin 小提琴  sweet 悦耳的   continue doing sth. 继续做某事  be born 出生  set up 
建立  classical music 古典音乐  folk songs 民歌 stage name 艺名
everyday life 日常生活  be famous for 因……而著名    look for 寻找
二. 重点句型
1.And it sounds great! 听起来好极了。
sound 系动词“听起来”,系动词后常与形容词连用。
2.What kind of musical instrument can you 你会弹什么种类的乐器?kind      是“种类,类型”的意思。如:a 
kind of 一种,all kinds of 各种各样,   what kind of 什么类型的。如:
1)Dumpling  is a kind of Chinese food.饺子是一种中国食品。2)There       are all kinds of books in Beijing 
Library.北京图书馆有各种各样的图书。3)What kind of room would you like, a double room or a single room?你
需要什么类型的房间?双人间还是单人间?
3.We have guitar, violin, piano and drum lessons for just ¥240 each. (Page 62)
我们有吉他课、小提琴课、钢琴课、和打鼓课,每个课程仅需要                           240 元。
each 副词  “各个”,“每个”。如:
1)These books cost a dollar each.这些书每本一美元。2)He gave the boys a shilling each.他给孩子们每人一
个先令。
4.What do you do in your free time? (Page 63) 你在闲暇之际干些什么?
in one’s free time “在闲暇之际”。
5.Classical music is serious music. (Page 64) 古典音乐是一种很严肃的音乐。
serious 形容词“严肃的、认真的”;“严重的”。如:1)He is a serious worker.           他是一个工作认真的人。2)
“ It’s nothing serious.” says the doctor,“ You’ve got a little cold.”
医生说:“没事,就是有点儿感冒。”
6.Pop music often comes and goes easily. 流行音乐来得快去得也快。come and go easily    可以翻译为“来去
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匆匆”。如:
1)Money is something that comes and goes easily.钱这东西来得快去得也快。
2)Rain in June comes and goes easily.六月的雨来得快去得也快。
7.They  are very popular among young  people.它们在年轻人当中很流行。among            介词“在……当中”
,“在……中间”,用于三者或三者以上;而                between 也是介词“在……当中”,“在……中间”之意,则只能用
于两者之间。如:1)Among the family, Lin Tao is the youngest.在全家人中,林涛是最小的。2)Tom runs 
fastest among the boys in his class.汤姆是他们班男孩子中跑得最快的。3)Mary             is sitting between the 
twins.玛丽坐在双胞胎的中间。
4)The football game is between Chinese team and Japanese team.足球赛在中国队和日本队之间进行。
8. Guo Lanying, Song Zuying and Tenger are famous for their folk songs. 
郭兰英,宋祖英和腾格尔以(唱)民歌而出名。
be famous for“以……而著名”, “因……而出名”。如:
1) Gui Lin is famous for the stone forests.桂林以石林而著名。
2)China is famous for its long history.中国以悠久的历史而闻名。
3)Beijing Library is famous for having a large number of books.
北京图书馆以藏书众多而闻名。9.It is one of the most famous rock bands in the world. 
它是世界上最著名的摇滚乐队之一。
one of “……之一”。常用在“one of +     最高级    +名词复数”结构中。如:
1)Changjiang River is one of the longest rivers in the world.
长江是世界上最长的河流之一。
2) English is one of the most difficult subjects this term.
英语是这学期最难学的课程之一。
3)Liu Xiang is one of the fastest runners in the world.刘翔是世界上跑得最快的人之一。
10.In the fall of 1976, a- 14-year-old high school student, Larry Mullen, looked for some musicians. 在 1976 年
的秋天,一个      14 岁的中学生,Larry Mullen    寻找一些音乐家。
1)fall 是美国英语,相当于英国英语的中的             autumn。
2)14-year-old 数词和名词之间有连字符的,名词不用复数。如:
a three-leg chair 一把三条腿的椅子
the tenth five-year plan 第十个五年计划
3)look for “寻找”,强调“寻找”的过程,而         find“找到”,则是强调“找到”的结果。如:
1)—What are you doing? 你在干什么?
— I’m looking for my bike key.我在找我的自行车钥匙。
2)—What are you looking for?你在找什么?
—I’m looking for my cat.我在找我的猫。
—Can you find it?你找到了没有?
—No. I looked for it everywhere, but I can’t find it anywhere.
没有。我到处找,可哪儿也找不到。11.He wanted to form a band.他想组建一个乐队。
want to “想做某事”,want to +  动词原形。如:
1) I want to be a doctor when I grow up.我长大了想当一名医生。
2) People want to live on the moon some day.人们想有一天能住在月球上。
3) What do you want to do this Sunday?这个星期天你想干什么?
常用  want sb. to do sth.表示“想让某人做某事”。如:1)He wants me to help him with his lessons.他想让我帮
他学习功课。
2) His parents wanted him to clean the room after school.
他父母想让他放学后打扫房间。
3) The teacher wanted her to speak louder when she answered the question.
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老师想让她在回答问题的时候声音再大一点。
12.He found 3 boys and they set up a band. 
他找到了    3 个男孩,他们就组成了一个乐队。
found 是动词  find 的过去式。意思是“找到”;find         强调“找到”的结果。set        up   组建,创办。如:set        up 
housekeeping 组织家庭
13.The four members are still close friends after many years. 多年后,4 位成员仍然是好朋友。
close “亲密的”。如:a close friend 一个亲密的朋友
14.They continue making music. (Page 65)他们继续创作音乐。
continue + to do sth./ doing sth./ n.“继续做某事”。如:continue to read/writing/ a story 继续阅读/写作/一个故
事
15.And people all over the world still enjoy their music very much. (Page 65)
全世界的人们仍然非常喜欢他们的音乐。
all over the world 全世界
16.When he was eight, his father asked a music teacher to teach him to play the piano.当他八岁的时候,他的
父亲请了一位老师来教授他如何弹奏钢琴。在这个句子中                        ask 的意思是“请求,要求”,常用的            ask sb. to 
do sth.“让某人做某事”。如:1)I often ask my uncle to help me with my maths.我常请我叔叔帮我学数学。
2)My grandfather always asks me to get up at six in the morning.
我爷爷总让我早晨六点起床。
还有一些其他类似的用法。如:
tell sb. to do sth. 告诉某人做某事
want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事
teach sb. to do sth.教某人做某事
play the piano “弹奏钢琴”。在英语中,在表示弹奏、演奏乐器时,所有的乐器前面都要加定冠词                              the,如:

play the guitar 弹吉他
play the piano 弹钢琴
play the violin 拉小提琴
play the drums 敲鼓
而与之相反,在英语中表达玩球类项目时,我们通常在球类项目的名词前不加定冠词。如:
play football 踢足球
play basketball 打篮球
play bridge cards 打桥牌
play chess 下棋
17.He says violin music is his favorite and it makes him happy. (Page 67)
他说小提琴是他的最爱,使他很快乐。
make +n.+adj.结构。如:    The news made us very exciting. 这个消息使我们很激动。
三.语法学习
1. What a pity! (Page 61)真遗憾!
这是一个由     what 引导的感叹句。what      引导感叹句的基本构成为:
what + a / an +(形容词)+可数名词单数!
what +(形容词)+可数名词复数/不可数名词!如:1)What a stupid question!多么愚蠢的问题啊!2)
What lively boys they are! 多么活泼的男孩子们啊     2. What are you going to do this Sunday evening?(Page61) 
这一周日晚上你想干什么           1)“be going to” 是一般将来时的一种表达方法.它表示:
i) 现在打算在最近或将来要做某事.             如: Tom is going to Beijing with his father next week.
ii) 说话人根据已有的迹象认为可能要发生某事.                 如: There are a lot of dark clouds. It’s going to rain.
2) “be going to”句式的基本结构:
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肯定句:主语+be going to … eg. He is going to stay at school.
否定句:主语+be + not +going to… eg. I’m not going to the library this afternoon.
一般疑问句: Be +主语+going to… eg. Are you going to play tennis next week?
3)be going to 用于 there be 结构时要用  There be going to be + 主语+其它形式.
如: There is going to be a football game tomorrow.
4)与 be going to 连用的时间状语有: next week/month/year, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, this evening, in 
the future 等.
Topic3 The movie is so wonderful!
一.   重点词汇
nobody 无人    museum 博物馆   
 church 教堂     factory 工厂   program 节目
pleasa 令人愉快的 handsome   英俊的        
agree with sb. 与某人看法一致  take a shower 洗澡    answer the phone 接电话   do some cleaning 打扫卫生
knock at 敲 too…to 太…..以至于不能          talk about 谈论关于  
二.重点句型
1.I called you but nobody answered the phone.我给你打电话了,但是没有人接。
answer the phone 固定词组,可翻译为“接电话”
answer 的意思是“回答,答复”。如:
1) What shall I answer?我将怎样回答呢?
2) Have you answered his letter? 你回了他的信吗?3) Answer the door, please, Jack. Someone is knocking at 
the door.开门去,杰克,有人在敲门。2.Oh, I was taking a shower. (Page 69)   我在淋浴。take a shower   淋浴,
也可以用动词      have 代替  take。如:
洗澡 take a bath have a bath
休息一下    take a resthave a rest
看一看   take a lookhave a look
散散步   take a walkhave a walk
3.Yeah, I think so.是,我也这样认为。
在 think 后面可以用    so 来代替前面的内容,以避免重复。例如:
— Is he at home? 他在家吗?
— Yes, I think so. 是的,我想他在家。
I think so.的否定形式一般为     I don’t think so.例如:—Do you think classical music is very popular in China?你
认为古典音乐在中国很流行吗?—No, I don’t think so.          不,我认为不很流行。
4.And I also like the young man with light hair. 
我也喜欢那个留着浅色头发的年轻人。
with 在这里是“有”的意思。如:
a coat with two pockets 有两个口袋的衣服
a girl with blue eyes 碧眼女郎
a woman with an angry look in her eyes 眼里有怒色的女子
5.He is so handsome! (Page 71)他非常帅!
so 在口语中,与加重语气的感叹句连用,作                 very 解。如:
1) I’m so glad to see you!我很高兴见到你!
2) It was so kind of you !你真好!
3) There was so much to do!这么多事要做!
6.I agree with you. (Page 71)我同意你的意见。
agree with sb.同意某人的看法。如:
I don’t agree with her.
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我不同意她的意见。
7. You look very sad.你看起来很伤心。
look 系动词,可以翻译为“看起来”。look           做系动词,后面可以接形容词、动词的过去分词、名词、介词
短语以及    as if 从句做表语。如:
1)Tom looks very strong. 汤姆看起来非常的强壮。(形容词做表语)
2)Amy looks a fool. 埃米看起来像一个傻瓜。(名词做表语)
3)You look like your mother. 你看起来很像你的母亲。(介词短语做表语)
4)It looks as if we’re going to win this game. 看起来似乎我们要赢得这场比赛。(从句做表语)
8.There’s nothing serious. (Page 72)没什么严重的事。(没事。)
nothing serious “没事”。注意此结构的用法。用来修饰代词                 something, anything, nothing, somebody, 
anybody,    nobody 等的形容词,要放在被修饰词的后面。如句中                  serious 要放在  nothing 的后面。如:1) 
Would you like anything else?你还要点儿什么吗?
2) I’ll tell you something important.我要告诉你一件重要的事。3) There is nothing wrong with the computer.这
台电脑没毛病。 
8.Well, Miss Wang was angry with me.
王老师生我的气了。
注意  be angry 后所跟的介词:
be angry with + sb. 生某人的气
be angry at + sb. 对某人的言行气愤
be angry about + sth. 对某事生气 如:
1) He was angry with himself for having made such foolish mistakes.
他因犯如此愚蠢的错误而气恼自己。
2) He was angry at being kept waiting.他因旁人使他久等而生气。
3) He was angry about so much traffic in the street. 他对街上那么多的车辆而气恼。
9.In the early 1800s, Sunday was the “holy day”. 
在 19 世纪早期,星期日的含义就是“神圣的一天”。1800s                  表示  19 世纪,同样的,1900s      则表示    20 世纪。
10.In the US, workers called them“blue Mondays”.
在美国,工人们把它们叫做“蓝色星期一”。
蓝色(blue)在汉语中的引申意义较少,而在英语中                    blue 是一个含义十分丰富的颜色词。在翻译同这一
颜色有关的表达时,我们应该注意其中的特别含义。
英语的   blue 常用来喻指人的“情绪低落”、“心情沮丧”、“忧愁若闷”,如:
1)They felt rather blue after the failure in the football game.
球赛踢输了,他们感到有些沮丧。
2)—She looks blue today.What’s the matter with her?
—She’s in holiday blue.
—她今天显得闷闷不乐,出了什么事?
—她得了假期忧郁症。
11. Then decide how you are going to spend your weekend. (Page 74)
然后决定你的周末怎么过。
spend 度过;花费(时间、金钱)。结构有:spend...on sth., spend...(in)doing sth.      如:
1)He spent 5 yuan on the post card. 他买这张明信片花了   5 元钱。
2)They spent three days looking for the lost sheep on the hill. 
他们用了三天的时间在山上找丢失的羊。
12. Did you have a good time? (Page 76) 你们玩得高兴吗?
have a good time = enjoy oneself 过得愉快;玩得高兴。类似的说法还有           have a great time, have a nice time, 
have a wonderful time。
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三.语法学习     I was doing some washing. I was doing some cleaning. (Page 69)
我在洗衣服。 我在打扫卫生。这句用的是过去进行时.
1. 过去进行时表示过去某一时刻正在进行或发生的动作,也表示过去一段时间内的活动或那个阶段正在进
行的动作.如:
 He were watching TV at 8:00 last night.
 They were writing a book last month.
1.  过去进行时由     be (was/were)+动词 ing 形式构成的,肯定句:主语+was/were +doing +…
否定句:   主语+wasn’t/weren’t +doing +…
一般疑问句: Was/Were+主语+doing+…
肯定回答:Yes,    主语+was/were.
否定回答:No,    主语+wasn’t/weren’t.
如: They were studying English at this tine yesterday.They weren’t studying English at this time yesterday. Were 
they studying English at this time yesterday?
Yes, they were. /  No, they weren’t.
11. Then decide how you are going to spend your weekend. (Page 74)
然后决定你的周末怎么过。
spend 度过;花费(时间、金钱)。结构有:spend...on sth., spend...(in)doing sth.      如:
1)He spent 5 yuan on the post card. 他买这张明信片花了   5 元钱。
2)They spent three days looking for the lost sheep on the hill. 
他们用了三天的时间在山上找丢失的羊。
12. Did you have a good time? (Page 76) 你们玩得高兴吗?
have a good time = enjoy oneself 过得愉快;玩得高兴。类似的说法还有           have a great time, have a nice time, 
have a wonderful time。
三.语法学习     I was doing some washing. I was doing some cleaning. (Page 69)
我在洗衣服。 我在打扫卫生。这句用的是过去进行时.
1. 过去进行时表示过去某一时刻正在进行或发生的动作,也表示过去一段时间内的活动或那个阶段正在进
行的动作.如:
 He were watching TV at 8:00 last night.
 They were writing a book last month.
2.  过去进行时由     be (was/were)+动词 ing 形式构成的,肯定句:主语+was/were +doing +…
否定句:   主语+wasn’t/weren’t +doing +…
一般疑问句: Was/Were+主语+doing+…
肯定回答:Yes,    主语+was/were.
否定回答:No,    主语+wasn’t/weren’t.
如:They were studying English at this tine yesterday. They weren’t studying English at this time yesterday.  
Were they studying English at this time yesterday? Yes, they were. /  No, they weren’t.
Unit 4 Our World
Topic1 we share the world with plants and animals
一.重点词语
1. share…with 与……共享
2. play with 玩弄,玩耍
3. in danger 在危险之中
4. feed on 以……为食
5. think about 考虑,思考
6. enjoy nature 享受自然
7. at night 晚上
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  8. in the daytime 白天
  9. summer vacation 暑假
  10. thousands of 成千上万
  11. in fact 事实上
  12. find out 查明,发现
  13. in nature 在自然界
  二.重点句型
  1.Plants are more beautiful than animals. 植物比动物更漂亮。
  2.The plants stay green longer there. 那儿的植物能更长时间保持绿色。
  3.The rainforests are very important to us. (热带)雨林对我们很重要。4.Water is necessary for all 
  plants.It is the most important thing to all living things,we must save every drop of water. 水对所有植物是必需
  的。它对所有生物都重要,我们必须节约每一滴水。
  5.Isn’t it interesting? 是不是很有趣呀?
  6.It is one of the most dangerous fish in the world. 它是世界上最危险的鱼之一。
  7.It is so strange! 太奇怪了!
  三.语法学习
  (一.)形容词的比较级和最高级的构成
  1. 规则变化:(1.)一般在词尾加—er             或—est.如:fresh—fresher—freshest.
  (2.)以字母     e 结尾的形容词,加       r 或 st,如:late—later—latest.
  (3.)以重读闭音节结尾的词,词尾只有一个辅音字母时,应双写这一辅音字母,再加                                   er 或 est.如:
  big—bigger—biggest.
  (4.)以辅音字母+y       结尾的双音节词,先改          y 为 i,再加   er 或 est.happy—happier—happiest.
  (5.)部分双音节词和多音节词前面加               more 或 most 构成比较级或最高级。如:careful—more careful—
  most careful,
  beautiful—more beautiful—most beautiful.
  2.不规则变化:
  good/well—better—best,little—less—least,many/much—more—most,bad/ill—worse—worst,far—
  farther/further—farthest/furthest.
  (二.)形容词的比较级和最高级的用法
  1. 比较级A<B或A>B,经常与              than 搭配,或给出比较的二个内容。可用               much 和 a little 修饰.2. 
  三者或三者以上比较用最高级,一般给出比较范围.如:of(in)+…。
  (1)例句:①I’m happier than you. 我比你更快乐。②Plants are much more beautiful than animals. 植物比
动物漂亮的多。(2)例句:①The boy is the tallest in my class. 这个男孩是我们班最高的。②Lesson Two is 
the most important of all. 第二课是所有中最重要的。
  四.交际用语:学习如何用英语描述和谈论我们生存的自然环境
  Do you like plants or animals?
  What are you thinking about?
  Why do you think so?
  What kind of wild animal is the most dangerous,the tiger,the snake or the bear?
  Why must we save every drop of water?
  Topic 2 What can robots do for us?
  一. 重点词语
  1.take the place of 代替,取代
  2.instead of 代替,而不是……
  3.mistake…for…把……错当
  4.seem to do 好象,似乎
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5.call for 要求
6.wake sb. up 将某人叫醒
7.see sb.doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事
8.use sth. for sth./doing sth. 利用某物做某事
9.spend…on…  在……上花费时间或金钱
10.be sure of 确信
11.these days 现在,目前
12.in alphabetical order 按字母表顺序排列
13.look up 查阅
14.pay attention to 注意,专心
15.begin with 以……开始
16.and son on 等等
17.switch on 开(电灯,机器等)
18.ask (sb.)for sth. 向……要……
二.重点句型
1. I’m sure robots can do some work better than humans. 我确信机器人比人能更好地做某些工作。
2. I saw a UFO while I was walking down the street yesterday. 昨天我沿着街道走时,看见了一个不明飞行物。
3. It looked like a plate. 它看上去像一个盘子。
4. Until now,even the scientists are not sure whether there are UFO. 直到现在,甚至科学家也不确信是否有不
明飞行物。
5. We can shop without going out of our houses. 我们不出家门就能购物。
6. We can use the Internet for finding a job. 我们可以用网络来找工作。
7. We shouldn’t spend too much time on it.但是我们不应该在因特网上花费太多的时间。
8. When you look up a word in the dictionary,pay attention to the first letter of the word. 当你在字典里查一个
单词的时候,注意这个单词的第一个字母。
三.语法学习
(一.)现在进行时与过去进行时的区别:
1.现在进行时表示现在正在发生或正在做的事情,基本结构                         be+现在分词。如:
肯定句:The robots are making a car now. 这些机器人正在生产小汽车。
否定句:We are not studying on the Internet. 我们没有在互联网上学习。
疑问句:Is the teacher looking up the word in the dictionary?这个老师正在词典中查这个词吗?特殊疑问句:
Who am I talking to?我在和谁谈话?
2.过去进行时表示过去某一时间,正在发生或正在做的事情。基本结构                             was(were)+现在分词。
肯定句:When he came in,I was writing a letter.当他进来时,我在写一封信。
否定句:They weren’t watching TV while she was reading. 她读书时,他们没在看电视。
疑问句:Was the UFO flying to us at 8 last night ?昨晚8点 UFO 向我们飞来了吗?特殊疑问句:What were 
you drinking while we were sleeping?我们睡觉时,你们在喝什么?
进行时态往往用在时间状语从句中,常与                 when,while 等连词搭配。
(二.)be sure 结构表示肯定和不肯定。be sure          一般用来表示肯定,be not sure(whether/if)表示不肯定。

be sure 后面可以跟不定式和宾语从句。跟不定式一般译为“一定……”,跟宾语从句,译为“确信……”。如:
We are sure to repair the TV well. 我们一定修好这台电视机。
I’m sure you can finish your work. 我确信你能完成你的工作。Are       you sure whether(if)he switched the 
computer on? 你确信他打开还是没有打开电脑?
四.交际用语:学习用英语谈论现代科技。
Could you tell me something about robots?
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Can robots take the place of humans?
Are you sure there are UFOs?
Yes,I’m sure.
No,I’m sure whether/if there are UFOs.
What do you often do on the Internet?
Topic 3 There are many old city walls in Beijing,aren’t there?
一. 重点词语
1. more than 超过
2.pull down 推倒,拆毁
3.heavy traffic 交通繁忙
4.wear out 磨损,用坏
5.used to do sth. 过去常常做某事
6.do one’s best 尽(某人)最大努力
7.live models 真人模型
8.the ancient world 古代
9.be made up of 由……组成
10.join…together 把……连在一起
11.regard…as… 把……看作
12.be worn out 被损坏
二. 重点句型
1.Lots of them were pulled down in the 1960s. 他们当中许多在二十世纪六十年代被拆毁。
2.People thought them useless. 人们认为它们没有用。3.It’s really too bad. 这太遗憾了。
4.We are doing our best to protect and rebuild the old city walls. 我们正在尽全力保护并重建老城墙。5.It is 
one of the“seven wonders”of the ancient world still standing. 它是现存的古代“七大奇迹”之一。
6.It took 100,000 people over 20 years to build it. 修建它花了 10 万人二十多年的时间。
7.Since then,people regarded the Great Wall as a symbol of the Chinese nation. 从那以后,人们就把长城看作
是中华民族的象征。
8.Every year many people find great pleasure visiting the wall.每年有许多人参观长城,从中得到极大乐趣。
三. 语法学习
反意疑问句:由陈述句(或祈使句、感叹句)加一个简短问句构成的疑问句叫反意疑问
句。实质是前面陈述句的反问句。一般对应规律:前肯后否;前否后肯。即陈述部分为肯定形式,附加
问句用否定形式;陈述部分为否定形式,附加问句用肯定形式。
如:There  are many pyramids in Egypt,aren’t there?在埃及有许多金字塔,不是吗?Sally        visited the Great 
Wall last month,didn’t she?萨莉上个月参观了长城,不是吗?He           doesn’t realize the importance of saving 
water,does he?他没有意识到节约用水的重要性,是吗?
特例点拨:①I’m       your good friend,aren’t I?我是你的好朋友,不是吗?I       don’t think you can rebuild the 
house,can you?我认为你不能重修这座房子,是吗?(I don’t think…主要在说                think 后的内容,故按从句变
化)。
②陈述部分有      nobody,nothing,never,no,few(没几个),little(几乎没有),hardly(几乎不)等否定或半
否定词时,仍视为否定句。根据反意疑问句对应规律,疑问部分用肯定形式。如:There                                  is nothing in the 
room,is there?屋子里什么也没有,是吗?
Maria never surports me,does she? 玛丽亚从未支持过我,是吗?
He had few apples,did he? 他几乎没有苹果,是吗?
③祈使句的反意疑问句:无论肯定或否定,通常在祈使句后加上                           will you?如:
Please close the door,will you?请关门好吗?
Don’t tear down the old walls,will you?不要拆毁古墙,好吗?
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但以  Let’s 开头的祈使句用      shall we?如:
let’s make a survey,shall we?我们做个调查,好吗?
四. 交际用语:学习用英语描述和谈论中外名胜古迹。
How many great wonders of the world do you know?I know some wonders.
Do you know these places of interest?         
                       八下短语复习   Unit 5 Topic 1
1. 向某人道谢 say thanks to            2. 邀请某人做某事   invite sb to do sth     
3. 使……振作/高兴起来  cheer---up       4. 打电话  ring up                 
5. 照顾    care for                         6. 起初  at first                   
7. 以…….结束  end with                    8。最后,终于   at last                 
9. 因为,由于  because of               10. 发烧    have a temperature                  
11. 在……路上  on the way to            12. 一张…的票   a ticket to / for              
13. 对----感到高兴 be pleased with       14. 担心-----  be worrried about ===worry about             
15.与----和解   make peace with          16.充满…… be full of              
17.落入   fall into                      18.发疯   go mad                
19. 对----骄傲  be proud of                20.   满脸笑容      smiling faces              
21.受……喜爱   be popular with              22.为……摆放餐具 set the table           
23.形成,诞生 come into being                     24. 能做某事    be able to                 
                               Topic2
1.在……方面差/好  do badly/ well in              2.与某人谈话 have a talk with sb               
3.对某人严格要求   be strict with sb        4。考试不及格  fail the exam                   
5.  习惯于做某事   be/ get used to doing sth  6.使某人做某事  make sb do sth                   
7.害怕做某事   be afraid of doing sth        8。处理,处置  deal with                    
9.不冉,再也不   no longer= not---any longer        10。例如   for example                  
11. 别紧张,    别着急  take it easy               12、即使  even though                   
13、在某人的年龄时  at one’s age               14。与……交朋友  make friends with                   
15、拒绝做某事   refuse to do sth              16。 而且,         更有甚者  what’s more                   
17.从-----学习---- learn---from                 18。采纳医生的建议 take the doctor’s advice                    
19.在----的帮助下 with one’s help           20。和往常一样    as usual                 
21、生---的气                           22、一直                     
                              Topic 3

1.讨厌做某事     hate to do sth                  2.镇静  calm down                   
3.帮助某人复习/学习…  help sb with                   4.        自学   learn by oneself                  
5. 代替(做)某事  instead of doing                   6.   轮流做某事   take turns to do sth                  
7. 设法做某事  try to do sth                   8.    给某人一个惊喜   give sb a surprise                  
9. 上演,放映  be on                   10    微笑面对---  smile to life                   
.11. 入睡   fall asleep                  12.. 制定决定  make a decision                   
13. 处在好/   糟糕心情中 in a bad mood         14.    健康状况良好 in good health                    
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15. 处在良好的精神状态中  in good spirits          16         仔细考虑  think over                   
17, 与……相处(好)  get along well with         18    做演讲 give a speech                    


19. .准备  prepare for                20. 与某人聚在一起  get together with      
21.在……最后,在……尽头  at the end of       22。康复 get well                    
23、从---获得帮助 get help from                24、幸福感  a sense of happiness                   
25、某一天   some day                  
                             Unit 6 Topic 1
1.去春/郊游 go on a spring field trip 2.泰山两日游   go on a two-day visit to             
3. .决定  decide on              4. 找出,查明   find out                  
5. 通过电话 over the phone          6.   订票 book a ticket to                    
7. 预定房间 make a room reservation      8. 硬卧/软卧  hard/ soft sleeper                   
9. 双人间 a standard room with two single rooms     10. 算出  work out                   
11. 筹款  raise money                   12. 想出,产生,赶上   come up with                   
13. 看日出 see the sunrise               14.  到达 arrive in/ at                    
15. 在中午  at noon                   16.  收到----来信   hear from                   
17. 一-----就----  as soon as             18. 整个晚上 the whole night                    
19. 云海  the sea of clouds                     20. 在白天  in the daytime               -
21.  期望做某事  look forward to doing           22.   名胜 places of interest                     
23、支付  pay for                    

                            Unit 6 Topic 2
1、忙于做某事 be busy doing              2、的确,当然   you bet                         
3、在度假   on vacation                 4、制定计划 make a plan                                  
5、和某人一起来 come along with           6、蔓延,拖延  spread over                    
7、……的开端 the beginning of            8、在---脚下  at the foot of                    
9、确信   make sure                           10、两个半小时 two and a half hours                     
11、在古代  in the old days                 12、朝南  face south                    
13、辨别好坏…  tell good from bad                14、对……感到惊奇  be surprised at                    
15、拿出  take out                            16、以不同方向  in different directions                    
17、踏,    踩  step on                       18、挤出去  push oue’s way out                    
19、看不见,      在视野之外  out of sight             20、直到……才…… not---until                     
21、以……著名  be famous as                          22、朝----走去   walk towards                    
23、禁不住做某事   can’t help doing                       24、象征  stand for                    
25、对……喊  shout at                         26、寻求某人的帮助  ask sb for help                    
27、有乐趣做某事  have fun doing                      28、谢天谢地  thank goodness                    
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                                Unit6 Topic3
1,一次交通事故 a traffic accident              2、更自信点 a little more confident
3、遵守交通规则       obey the traffic rules         4、节约能源 save energy 
5、 引起空气污染      cause air pollution       6、在公共场所吐痰        spit in public
6、 避免(做)某事       avoid doing            7、带给我们伤心和死亡          bring us sadness 
8、 减速   slow down                         9、一个向左的急转弯        a sharp turn to the left
10、撞到,碰到      run into                   11、冲向某人     rush to sb
12、把---带到某地     take ---to ----          13、实际上,    事实上   in fact
14.受到处罚     get a fine                    15、处于危险中     in danger
16、警告    / 提醒某人做某事      warn sb to do   17、拐错弯 make a wrong turn                              
18、带来麻烦     cause trouble                19、成功的道路     path to success
20、患了癌症     have cancer                  21、复出   make a comeback                   
22、一生中    in one’s life                  23、迎头面对    face it head-on 
24.领导某人做某事        lead sb to do sth      25。继续做某事     go on doing sth
26、载入史册     ride into history            27、.计时赛段    timed stages
28.穿过   go through                       29。最后结果     final result

                             Unit7 Topic1
1.了解  know about                  2. 举行美食节 have / hold / organize                        
3.求助  turn to sb/ ask sb for help 4.尽某人最大努力      try one’s best to do sth
5.制作海报    make a poster           6、与某人取得联系       get in touch with
7. 考虑  think about it             8、沏茶  make tea
9. 煲汤  cook soup                  10、学会做某事     learn to do sth
11. 做饼干   make biscuits           12、喜欢吃甜食     have a sweet tooth
13.西方食品    western food             14.而且  what’s more / what’s worse   
15. 准备  prepare for                16.过后,以后 later on              
17. 继续,  坚持   keep up the good work 18.做某事感到高兴/满意  be pleased to do sth                       
19.出售  for sale                  20.为了   in order to             
21. .谢谢(某人)做某事   Thank sb for doing sth  22、一枚金牌    a gold medal                     
23. 学校设施   a few school supplies    24、淋湿   get wet                      
25. 实现    come true                         26、听说   hear of/ about         
27. 做奶酪派    make cheese pies            28.很遗憾 it’s a great pity 
29.没关系 never mind                    30。请稍等 hold on
31、一个摔跤冠军 an Olympic wrestling champion
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31. 使他的梦想成真。Let’s make his dream come true!           
32  使它成功        make it successful        33、致以某人美好的祝愿      give my best wishes to 
                              


                         Topic2

1.炒米饭   make fried rice          2.为……而自豪    be proud of                       
3、熟肉    cooked food                 4.  真棒    well done                       
5. 切碎,   制碎    cut up                6.  熬骨头汤    make bone soup                          
7. 用…..装满    fill---with             8.  讨厌    be tired of                       
9. 快餐店    fast food restaurant      10.  两片面包   two pieces of bread                        
11. 往……上涂抹……      spread ---on  12.       把…….放在一起   Put--together                        
13. 往……倒…..    pour ---over         14. .  从…….学到……  learn ----from                         
15.  熟能生巧  Practice makes perfect    16、不错    not bad                       
17. 随便用…….  Help oneself to           18.用----做某事 use sth to do sth                          
19. 正式的西方宴会 a formal western dinner party 20.      西方的就餐礼仪 table manners                        
21..做某事第一次  for the first time             22.在     桌旁 at the table                          
23. 以-----开始   start with                        24. 吃光  eat up                         
25. 为某人干杯   drink to                        26    喝一小口   take a sip                        
27. 指着---    point at                       28.完成做某事   finish doing sth                        
29.全世界    all over the world             30.   饮食习惯  eating habits                         
31. 远离     far away from                      32. 捡起    pick up                       
33. 在同时   at the same time                        34、在北方  in the north                         

                             Topic3
1. 出售  for sale                        2. 谢谢你做某事   Thanks for doing sth                       
3. 玩得开心  have a wonderful time           4.祝他们成功   wish them success                       
5. 两人桌  a table for two                 6.  坐下    take a seat                      
7. 点菜    take one’s order                8. 软饮     soft drink                     
9. 闻起来很香  smell nice                  10.    吃起来很美味  taste delicious                        
11. 付账   pay/have/ get the bill          12. 电话订餐  order a meal by phone                         
13. 够了   that’s all                      14.  一瓶柠檬水 a bottle of lemonade                           
15. 主菜    main course                      16. 进展顺利   go well                       
17. 值得做   be worth doing                 19. ----和----都---- ,两者都  both--and                        
20. 最后   at last/ in the end/ finally            22. 赚钱   make money                       
23. 保持均衡饮食   have a balanced diet   24.     不但……而且……   not only –but also                       
25 .据说  It’s said that                 26. 并非所有   not all                       
27. 总之,简言之   in short               28.对---是重要  be important to / for                       
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29.给我们能量 give us energy              30。值得做某事         be worth doing
30.付出的努力回报 The results were worth efforts    


             


                                Unit8 Topic1
1. 看起来真棒 look great              2、感觉又软又滑  fell soft and smooth                      
2. 唐装     the Tang Costume           4、 举行服装秀   have a fashion show                     
5、 在校门口   at the school gate        6、为某人买某物   buy sth for sb                     
7、 为----做准备  Prepare for            8、天然材料  natural material                      
9、 由-----制成   be made of                10、对---感到满意  be satisfied with                       
11、引起……注意  catch one’s eye         12、在特殊的日子里  on specail days                      
13、依靠,依赖   depend on               14、好恶   likes and dislikes                     
15、纸礼帽  paper party hats               16、在圣诞节   at Christmas                     
17、除----还有  as well as                   18、几乎一样   nearly the same                      
19、很相似      rather similar                  20、在现代/    旧社会  in modern society                    
21、保护……免受    protect ---from      21、不仅仅  do more than                      
23、根据,依据   according to              24、如此----以致于   so---that                     
25、以便于    so that                          26、什么尺寸    what size               
27. 男装区   Men’s Wear Section               28.女装区  Women’s wear section
29. 运动装区    Sprortwear section             30.鞋帽区   shoes and Hats  wear section 
31. 辩别 tell about                         32。 温水洗涤 wash it in warm water
33。 低温熨烫 iron it on low heat         34.正如俗语所说  as the saying goes
35。 衣如其人 You are what you wear.
                       Topic2
1.计划做  plan to do sth                2.做制服   make uniforms                     
3.穿在身上很难看  look ugly on sb        4.允许某人做某事  allow sb to do sth                      
5.设计我们自己的制服 design our own uniforms 6.         同意某人      agree with                       
7.展示良好的风纪 show good disipline       8.        做调查 make a survey                          
9. 制服的款式  styles of uniforms    10.     在工作  at work                      
11. 便衣  plain clothes              12.休闲服装/鞋 casual clothes/ shoes                        
13.执行   carry out                     14.  处于困境中  in trouble                       
15. 阻止做某事  stop sb from doing sth       16. 穿职业/西装 wear business suits                       
17.脱掉    take off                       18.在每一个场合       19.on every occasion 
20.保护……不受……的危害 protect ---from    21.坍塌的天花板  falling ceiling                      
22. 驾驶飞机 fly a plane                    23.一个警察 a police officer                          
24.发生车祸  have a car accident          25.获得帮助  get help                         
26. 告诉……关于…  tell sb about sth     ..27.     时装的艺术   the art of dressing                        
28.试穿   try on                      29. 看起来更瘦   look slimmer                     
30.建议某人做某事   advise sb to do sth                     
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                                Topic3
1. 谈论    talk about                2、看时装展  watch a fashion show                    
3、 展示时装  model the clothes           4、在----中央  in the center of                    
5、 在高级时装领域 in the world of high fashion        6、穿民族服装  in minority costumes                    
6、 传统的服装      tradition  costumes         7、至于  as for                     
8、 乐意  with pleasure                   9、时尚文化  fashion culture                    
10、为----所知  be known to               11、从那时起  from then on                    
12、与……不同  be different from            13、把-----设计成  design ---as                    
14、或者……或者…… either--- or        15。个人风格 personal style                     
16、丰富的传统文化 rich traditional culture    17、         曾经   at one time                   
18. 由--- --制成 be made of                   19。 广为人知    well-known/ widely known
20. 在过去    in the past                       21。国家庆典    national celebration
22.在 20 世纪  20 年代  in the 1920s              23。 全世界   around/ across/ all over the world 
24. 另外三个模特      another three models            
                   八年级英语(仁爱版)下册语言点归纳
                                  Unit 5 Feeling Happy
                            Topic 1 Why all the smiling faces?
一.  重点句型及重点语言点
1. I’ll ring up Michael later. 稍后我打电话给迈克.
  ring up sb. = call/ ring/ phone sb. = give sb. a ring/ call/ telephone = make a telephone to sb.
  当宾语为代词时,       只能放中间.如: ring me/him/her up
2.…since they were not able to go. ……既然他们不能去.
  can 与 be able to  二者都表“能;会”,在指“一般能力”时,常互换。如:
  He can/is able to work out the problem. 他能算出这道难题.
  区别: can  只有现在式和过去式(could),没有数的变化;而             be able to 有时态及数的变化. 
3. I’m sure Mr. Lee will be surprised and happy! 我确信李老师会很惊奇也很高兴!
  be surprised “感到惊奇的”,    主语一般为人.
  be surprising “令人惊奇的”,    主语一般为物.
  类似的有:interested/ interesting;  excited/ exciting;  bored/ boring 
4. The lonely father often became angry because of the noisy children. 孤独的父亲经常由于吵吵闹闹的的孩子
  们而发怒了。
  because of “由于”,是介词短语,后常跟名词或短语。如:
  He didn’t come to school because of his illness./ because he was ill. 
  由于他的病,他没来上学。
  We didn’t go there because of the heavy rain./ because it rained heavily.
  由于大雨,我们没去那儿。
5. … and the mother was so worried that she looked for him everywhere, …
   这位母亲是如此焦急,以致于他四处寻找他。
   so + adj/ adv. + that + 句子   指“如此…以致于”
三.  重点语法  
1.系表结构:Linking verb. + adj.    常见的连系动词如下:
1)be  动词:He is helpful.   They are tired.
2) 表  “…起来”:look     看起来; sound  听起来; taste 尝起来;feel  摸起来等等.如:
3)表状态变化的连系动词有:get             变得; turn 转变;   go 变;  become 变成  等等.   如:
  In summer, the days get longer, the weather gets warmer.
  In fall, the leaves turn yellow.            The mother went mad.
He became angry.
2.because 引导的原因状语从句:          because 用来回答    why 提问的问句,表示的原因语气很强,一般用在主句
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后面,强调因果关系.
  Mr. Wang looks tired because he worked late last night and didn’t get enough sleep.
  Kangkang is disappointed because his best friend is not able to come.
  ----Why do they feel proud?
  ----Because a player from their country won a medal.
                          Topic 2      Why is Beth crying?
一、重点句型及重点语言点
1. Anything wrong? = Is there anything wrong? 有什么麻烦吗?
   形容词修饰不定代词要后置.            如:
   something bad  不好的事情            everything new 一切新的事物
2. What seems to be the problem? 似乎有什么问题?
  seem to do sth. “似乎做某事”    常与   “It seems that + 句子” 转换,  如:
  He seems to know her name. = It seems that he knows her name. 似乎他知道她的名字.
  seem + adj  “似乎(怎样)”,    构成系表结构.      如:
  You seem sad. = You seem (to be) sad.= It seems that you are sad.你似乎很伤心.
3. It is important to talk to someone else. 跟其它人交流很重要.
  句型   “It is + adj. + to do”中, “It”是形式主语,真正主语是后面的动词不定式.              如:
  It is normal to feel tired after a long trip.长途旅行后,感到疲劳是正常的.
4. It usually takes me a long time to become happy again. 通常要花我很长时间才能重新快乐起来.
  句型   “It takes sb. some time to do sth.” 花了某人某时做某事.  如:
  It took me three days to finish this work. 花了我三天时间完成这项工作.
5. I have to get used to everything new. 我不得不去适应一切新的事物.
  get / be used to (doing) sth. “习惯于(做)某事”. 其中 to 是介词.   如:
  I am used to getting up early. 我习惯于早起.
  used to do sth. 指 “过去常做某事”,      如:
  He used to listen to the pop songs, but now he listens to the folk songs.
  他过去常听通俗歌曲,但现在他听民歌.
7. I try to join in activities of many kinds. 我尽量参加各式各样的活动.
  join in sth.  指“参加……活动”,     相当于   take part in 或 be in.
  join 指 “参加某个组织或团体”
8 . How does Jeff deal with his sadness? 杰夫怎样处理他的忧伤的?
  How…deal with? “怎样处理?”      相当于“What ….do with?”
                         Topic 3 Michael is feeling better.
一、重点句型及重点语言点
1. I’m feeling even worse. 我甚至觉得更糟了.
   much, a little 与 even 常用来修饰比较级.    如:
   He is much older than me.他比我大得多。
2. I’m afraid of catching SARS. 我害怕患上非典.
  I’m afraid of getting injections. 我害怕打针.
  be afraid of (doing ) sth. 表”害怕(做)某事/物” 如:
3. I stay at home alone. 我独自一人呆在家中.
  alone 表示  “单独的;独自的”,        指客观上的.只作表语,不能做定语.
  lonely 表示 “孤单的;    寂寞的”,     指主观上的.     既可作表语也可做定语.如:
  ▲He lives alone, but he never feels lonely. 他一个人生活,但他从不感到孤单.
4. If we have time, we’ll come over to see you again. 如果我们有时间,我们将会顺便再来看你.
  If we stay angry for too long, we’ll be ill. 如果我们长时间生气的话,我们就会生病.
  if 引导条件状语从句.从句用一般现在时,主句用一般将来时.
5. Suddenly the bus stops and can’t move any more.突然公共汽车停下来,再也不动了.
  not…any more = no more 表 “不再……”,     指次数上不再.
  not…any longer=no longer 表 “不再……”,    指时间上不再.      如:
  You aren’t a child any longer. = You are no longer a child.你不再是个小孩了.
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  We didn’t visit him any more. = We visited him no more. 我们再也不去拜访他了.
 二、重点语法
1. make + 宾语  + 形容词     “使某人怎样”
  It makes me so tense. ( Page 17)
  Sometimes it makes me happy. ( Page 20)
  Rainy days make me sad. ( Page 22)
2.make sb. do sth. 使(让) 某人做某事 
 Some programs on TV make me want to sleep. ( Page 18) 
 That will help make him or her get well soon. ( Page 19)
 Sad movies always make me cry( Page 22).
                               Unit 6 Enjoying Riding
                    Topic 1 We’re going on a spring field trip
 一、重点句型及重点语言点
1. … , we will go on a two-day visit to Mount Tai, …我们将去泰山进行为期两天的旅行。
   two-day “两天的”    , 这是带有数字的复合形容词,复合形容词用连字符号连接时,名词要用单数。如:
   a 14-year-old boy   一个十四岁的男孩       a 100-meter race  一百米赛跑         a two-day visit  为期两
   天的旅行
2. We will make the decision together. 我们将一起作出决定。
   make a decision = decide  做决定
   decide (not) to do sth. 决定(不)做某事
   decide on sth. 对某事做出决定
3. Going by train doesn’t’t cost as much as by plane, and going by bus is not as comfortable as by train. 搭火车
的费用没有搭飞机的高,搭公车不如搭火车舒适。
  “going by train” 动名词短语在句中做主语。
   cost  表“花费(金钱/时间)”时,主语必须是事物。常用句型“                           sth.  costs     (sb.) some 
money/time”中。如:This bike cost me 300 yuan. 这本书花了我三百元钱。
  Finishing the homework costs me two hours a day. 通常,每天做完作业花了我两个小时。
4. We’ve got tickets at ¥ 120 for the hard sleeper and ¥ 180 for the soft sleeper.我们的的票价是硬卧票 120 元,
   软卧票   180 元。
   at 在句中表“以……的价格”.           如: We’ve got tickets at ¥80 for The Sound of Music.
   我们有   80 元一张的《音乐之声》门票。
5.My school in America raised a lot of money for our band trip last year. 去年, 我在美国的学校为我们的团
  队筹集了很多钱。
  raise 及物动词,表示“筹集”外,还表“举起;使升高”,一般指把某物从低处抬高到高处。如:
  She raised her hand. 她举起了她的手。
  He raised his glass to Mr. Li.他举杯向李先生祝贺。
  rise 不及物动词,表示“上升;升起;上涨”一般指事物本身由低处移到高处。如:
  The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东边升起。
  The river/ price rose. 河水上涨了。
6. Some schools come up with great fund raisers , … 一些学校产生出伟大的集资者,……
  come up with 表示“想出;产生;        赶上”    如:
7. It takes students one yuan each to buy tickets for a draw to become king or queen for a day. 学生要想成为 
   “一日国王”或        “一日王后”,      就要花一元钱买票才可以参加抽奖。
   此句型为“It takes sb. some money/ time to do sth.”花了某人多少钱/时间做某事。
三. 重点语法     ——动词不定式
1) 作表语,   常用在系动词之后.
Your group’s task is to find out the cost to go by train. 
你小组的任务是去弄清搭火车的费用。
She seems to be happy.  她似乎很快乐。
2)作主语,   常用  it(形式主语)代替,       不定式放在后面做真正主语.
It is hard to say.  很难说。
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It is important to learn English well. 学好英语非常重要。
4)作宾语,   常用在   want; like; hope; begin; try; forget; learn; plan; decide; need 等及物动词后,构成动宾结构。
I want to buy some books.  我想去买一些书。
She likes to join the English Club. 她喜欢加入英语俱乐部。
5)作宾补,
6)作定语,常用在被修饰的名词/代词之后。
I have some exciting news to tell you.   我有一些令人激动的消息告诉你。
I want something to drink.我想要些喝的东西。
                           Topic 2      Let’s go exploring.
 一、重点句型及重点语言点
1. I’m looking forward to meeting him. 我正盼望看到他. 
  look forward to 表 “期待, 盼望”, to  是介词,后面应用名词、代词或动名词,且常用于进行时态。如:
  I’m really look forward to summer vacation. 我真的期待着暑假的到来。
  They are looking forward to solving the problem. 他们正期待着问题的解决。
 2.…and 12 stone officials on both sides of the way.
  on both sides of the way = on each side of the way 在路的两旁
3. Dinglig is to the southwest of Kangling. 定陵在康陵的西南方向.
  方位介词: in; on; to
  in 表在范围内; on   表两处相接; to    表在范围内
  Fujian is in the southeast of China. 福建在中国的东南部.
  Jiangxi is on the west of Fujian. 江西在福建的西面.
  Japan is to the east of China. 日本在中国的东边.
4. We were having fun exploring when I noticed Darren wasn’t beside me. 
  当我们正在有趣的探险时,我注意到达诺不在我身边.
  have fun doing sth. 表做某事有乐趣.   如:
  You’ll find you have fun learning English. 你将会发现学习英语有很大乐趣.
                     Topic 3 Cycling is fun!
一、重点句型及重点语言点
 1. …, the 122 hotline received a call from a truck driver. 122 热线接到卡车司机的电话。
    receive a letter from sb.= hear from sb. 收到某人的来信
 2. I agree with you. 我同意你的看法。
   agree with 同意某人(的看法/      意见),主语通常是事物而不是人。
   agree to 表示“同意,赞成”,后面跟的是表示想法,建议或计划等的词。
  e.g.: I agree with what he said. 我同意他讲的话。
     He didn’t agree to our idea. 他不同意我们的想法。
 5. Don’t forget to pay attention to the rules. 别忘了注意交通规则。
  pay attention to (doing) sth  注意做某事
  We must pay attention to obeying the rules. 我们必须注意遵守交通规则。               
三、重点语法
  条件状语从句:      由  if 引导,表  “如果”
1. 时态:  主句是一般将来时态或具有将来的含义,                从句常用一般现在时.
If you break the traffic rules, you will get a fine.
If it rains tomorrow, we won’t hold the sports meeting.
If you drive a car in Britain, you must be careful.
2. “祈使句    + and + 陈述句”,   常转换成肯定条件句;
“祈使句     + or + 陈述句”,   常转换成否定条件句. 
 Hurry up, and you will catch the bus. = If you hurry up, you will catch the bus.
 Hurry up, or you won’t catch the bus. = If you don’t hurry, you won’t catch the bus.
 Be careful, or a car may hit you. = If you aren’t careful, a car may hit you.
 第七单元
Topic 1. We need to make some money
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一、重点句型:
  1.I have heard of him.我从未听说过他。    hear of sb./sth“听说过某人或某事”
   hear + that 从句“听说,得知”,       hear from sb.“收到某人的来信”
   hear“听见” listen“注意听”
  2. I’ll think over how we should organize the food festival.我将仔细考虑我们应该怎样组织这次美食节活动。
   think over“仔细考虑”think of/about“考虑,思考”think of      还有“想起”之意
 3. Let’s try our best to make it successful.让我们尽力成功举办这次美食节活动。
   ①try one’s best=do one’s best 尽力,努力
   ②make sb./sth. successful 使……获得成功
4.It’s a pleasure.
  用于感谢的答语还有:That’s Ok./That’s all right./You’re welcome./My pleasure.
5. May I invite you to our food festival?
  Invite sb. to some place 邀请某人去某处   Invite sb. to do sth.邀请某人做谋事  如:
  May I invite you to go shopping with me?  我能邀请你一起去购物吗?
6 .Keep trying.继续努力吧。Keep(on)doing sth.继续/重复做某事
  Keep sb./sth.doing sth. 让某人持续做某事;让某事持续进行           如:
  He kept writing all the night.他整晚在写作。
  I’ll try not to keep you waiting.我会尽量不让你久等。
7.It has very few school supplies.学校设施简陋。
                              Topic2     Cooking is fun
一、重点句型:
1. You often teach me to be kind to the poor and the old.
  你经常教我要善待穷人和老人。
  ①teach sb. to do sth.教某人(如何)做某事
  ②be kind to do sth.  kind 是形容词,译为“善待某人”
2. It’s very kind of you. 你真是太好了。
  该句等同于     You are very kind.
4.After that, fill bowels 70%—80% full with bone soup slowly.
  之后,慢慢地在碗里加          7—8 分的骨头汤。
 fill …with“用……装满”,fill   用作动词,构成       be filled with 等同于 be full of 译为“充满,装满”    如:
  The glass is filled of water.= The glass is full of water.
  杯子里装满了水(强调状态)  
5.It’s not impolite to smoke during a meal in France. 在法国,吃饭时吸烟不是不礼貌的。     During 是介词,
  后常跟名词或短语,而          while 是连词,后常跟从句。如:
  What did you do during the summer holiday? 在暑假期间你做了什么?这里不能用         while 代替。
6. what does the dinner start with ? 晚餐先吃什么?
  begin/start with 以……开始,如:Let’s start our class with Unit 1.
  让我们从第一单元开始上课。
7. Never drink too much during a dinner. 就餐时千万别喝太多。
  too much 是用来修饰不可数名词,too many          是修饰可数名词,而         much too 是修饰形容词和副词。如:
too much water 太多的水,too many trees 太多的树木,much too tired   太累了
二、语法学习:
1.宾语从句
宾语从句的第二种类型由           if 或 whether 连接词引导,语序要用陈述句语序,意思是
“是否”“是不是”。如:
I don’t know if/whether it is fine tomorrow.(语序必须是陈述句的)
Do you know if/whether he’ll come?
I don’t know if/whether he’ll come.(宾语从句用将来时态)
Δ 比较:If he comes tomorrow, let me know.(条件状语从句用现在时态)
Δ 注:if  引导状语从句,译为“如果”;引导宾语从句,译为“是否”,等同于                              whether。当宾语从句后
面有  or not 时,一般用    whether,不用 if。
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2.掌握并懂得正确应用          It is+adj. + to do sth..句型
It is+adj. + to do sth.句型中 it 是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式。通常若主语太长,为避免头重脚轻,
可用  it 作形式主语,将动词不定式后置。如:
It is necessary to study English hard.
It’s polite to smoke during a meal in France.
                        Topic3. A wonderful food festival!
一、重点句型:
1.enjoy yourselves! 祝你们玩得开心!
  enjoy oneself 相当于 have a good /nice/great/wonderful time
2.Anything else ? 还要别的吗?
  else 译为“别的”“其他的”常修饰疑问词,不定代词并放在所修饰词的后面。如:what else, who else, 
  nobody  else, something else 等。other 也表示“别的”“其他的”,但它修饰名词。如:some                    other 
  people 其他的一些人,other     修饰名词    people,不能用  else 代替。
3.The Beijing roast duck smells nice and tastes nice, too. 北京烤鸭闻起来很香尝起来也香。     
 ①   这里   smell 和 taste 都是系动词,后面加上形容词          nice 表语,构成系表结构,“系动词+adj.”构成系
表结构,这类动词还有          look, feel, sound, seem, get, turn, become, grow, make, keep 等。
  ②too, also, as well 和 either 都可以表示“也”,但用法不同:
  also 较正式,位置通常接近动词,不用于句末:too                多用于口语,位置通常在句末,前面常有逗号隔开,
  as well 也多用于口语,只用于句末,以上             3 个词都不用于否定句,而          either 却用于否定句。如
  He also plays the piano.他也弹钢琴。        He is a worker, too. 他也是个工人。
  He plays the guitars as well.他也弹吉他。    He was not there ,either.他也不在那里。
4.We must remember that we should eat not only our favorite food but also other healthy food.
  我们必须记住我们不仅要吃我们喜欢吃的食物,而且还要吃其他有益健康的食物
  not only…but also…不但……而且,这种结构属于“对称”的句型,要求                     only 和 also
  尽量用同样的词语,如:
  She not only reads English ,but also speaks French. 她不仅能看懂英语,而且还能说法语。
5.The more regularly we eat, the healthier we are.我们的饮食越有规律,我们身体就越健康。The+比较
  级……,the+比较级……表越……就越。如:
  The more trees we plant, the more beautiful our city is.
  我们种越多的树,我们的城市就越漂亮。
6.Not all students have a regular breakfast.并非所有的学生早餐饮食有规律。
  Not all 译成“并非所有的”,是部分否定。如:
  Not all students like swimming. 并不是所有的学生喜欢游泳。
                             Unit 8    Beautiful Clothes!
                            Topic 1     What a nice coat !
一.重点句型:
1.what’s it made of?它是由什么做成的?
  be made of 意为“由……制成”(看出原料),类似结构的短语还有
  be made from“由……制成”(看不出原料)
  be made in “某物生产于某地”
  be made up of“由……组成”
  be made into“把……作成某产品”如:
  The table is made of wood.这张桌子是木头制成的。
  Paper is made from wood.纸是木材做成的。
  The TV set is made in Japan.这台电视机是日本产的。
  The medical team is made up of ten doctors.这支医疗队由十位大夫组成。
2.The weather is getting warmer and warmer.天气变得越来越暖和了。
 “比较级+and+比较级”表示“越来越……”如:
  The little tree is getting taller and taller.那棵小树越来越高了。
  对于多音节的形容词或副词则这样表达                more and more+adj/adv.如:
  The girl becomes more and more beautiful.
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  那个女孩变得越来越漂亮了
3.We can get cotton from plants and get wool,silk and leather from animals.
  我们可以从植物中获得棉花,从动物中获得羊毛、丝绸和皮革。
  get sth .from/sth./sb.从某事或某人处获得某物。
4.What the people there wear depends on their likes and  dislikes.
  人们的衣着取决于他们的喜好。
  depend on 意为“依靠、依赖”如:
  We depend on our hard work.我们依靠我们的努力工作。
5.Some people prefer to dress formally…一些人宁可打扮得正式些
  prefer 宁肯,更喜欢……,        prefer A to B = like A better than B
  I like prefer singing =I like singing better.我更喜欢唱歌。
  I prefer swimming to skating.比起滑冰我更喜欢游泳。
6.While many South American people have the same way of dressing as Australia?
  然而许多南美的人们和澳大利亚有相同的衣着方式。
  While 用于对比两件事物,意为“而……,然而……”
  Michael is interested in music, while his brother prefers P.E.
  迈克对音乐感兴趣,而他的兄弟却更喜欢体育。
  the same… as 和……一样/相同,反义词:be different from…与……不一样,如:
  My idea is the same as yours, but it’s different from his 我的主意和你的一样,但和他的不一样。
7.People first started wearing clothes to protect themselves from the sun ,wind, rain and cold.人们最早穿衣服是
  为了保护他们不受日晒、风吹、雨打以及寒冷。
  protect …from sth/doing sth  阻止……做……
  The trees can protect the sand from moving.树可以防止沙子向前移。
  Try to protect your skin from the sun.尽量保护你的皮肤不受太阳暴晒。
                    Topic2       What would you like to wear ?
一、重点句型:
1. I think our school should allow us to design our own uniform. 
  我认为我们的学校应该允许我们设计自己的校服。
  allow“允许、许可”,allow sb .to do sth.“允许某人做某事”如:
  Mr.Wang allows us to play football.王老师允许我们踢足球。
2.They are good for patients. 他们对病人有好处。
  be good for 对……有益,be bad for  对……有坏处,be good at      擅长于
3. You should take off your shoes when you enter someone’s home in Japan. 
  当你进入日本人家的时候,必须先脱掉鞋子。
  Take off 意为“脱下,脱掉”,反义词组是             put on.  take off 还可表示“起飞”
  The plane will take off in an hour.飞机将在一小时内起飞。
5.It’s well-known that uniforms are not popular but useful.
  众所周知,制服不流行但有用。
  ①It’s well- known…意为“众所周知”如:
  It’s well- known that this song is very popular. 众所周知,这首歌很流行。
  ②not…but…   不是……而是……
  He isn’t a teacher but a doctor.他不是一个老师而是一个医生。
                     Topic3     Let’s go to see the fashion show
一、重点句型:
1.There is going to be a fashion show in fashion show in Xidan Shopping center.
  在西单购物中心将会有一场时装秀。
  There is going to be…是 There be 结构的将来时,表示某地将举行某项运动,或将有某物。如:There                      is 
  going to be a football match in our school next week.=There will be a football match in our school next 
  week.我们学校下周将有一场足球比赛。
  there is/are going to be=there will be
2.Here come the models. 模特走过来了。
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(1)英语中以      here 或 there 开头的句子要倒装,除主语是代词外,动词要放在主语之前。
  如:Here come Mary!  玛丽来了!        Here come the bus! 车来了!
  (2)主语若是人称代词时,主语和谓语的语序不变。
  如:Here she comes.她来了。Here it is.它在这儿。
 3. Chinese fashion is different from not only western fashion, but also fashion from other Asian countries such as 
Japan and Korea.中国时装不仅不同于西方国家,也有别于其他亚洲国家,如日本和韩国等。
(1)be different from 与……不同
(2)not only …but also 意为“不但……而且”
(3)such as 例如,比如说
6.Today,few people wear kimonos except for special occasions like weddings and national celebrations.
  except for 除……之外     如:The roads were clear except for a few cars.
  除了几辆小汽车外,马路上空荡荡的。
二.语法学习:跟        doing 的动词口诀
怎样善于做贡献?(What/how about doing ,be good at/do well in doing, make a contribution to doing)
阻止他人放弃练。(stop/prevent/keep sb .from doing, give up doing, practice doing)
有难宁可不介意,(have problems doing, prefer doing sth./to doing sth, mind doing)
建议花时忙完成。(suggest doing, spend doing, be busy doing, finish doing)
使人不禁有信心,(keep sb.doing sth., can’t help doing ,have confidence in doing)
继续展望想未来。(keep/keep on doing, look forward to doing, feel like doing)
惊喜满意又兴奋,(be amazed/surprised at doing, be pleased/satisfied with doing, be excited about doing)
牢记  doing 值得喜洋洋。      (be worth doing, enjoy doing, have fun doing)
 
书面表达技巧
善于衔接。一篇好作文不仅是词汇、句子的简单罗列,语句间如缺乏必要的连接过渡和照应,作文就会结构简单,句式单
调,缺少灵气,而看似不显眼的衔接过渡可大大增强作文的连贯性,逻辑性和可读性。常见的语篇衔接成分见下表:
 逻辑关系                                        语篇衔接成分
          first(ly),second(ly),then, finally, suddenly, immediately,
 时间关系     after, until, the moment, while

          in front of, across, above, nearby, at the back of, next to, on one side…on the other side
 空间关系

                          on one hand…on the other hand, for one thing…for another
 对称关系

          but, however, yet, while, though, otherwise, rather than, no matter what ,on the other hand
 转折关系

          because of, thanks to, because, since, as, for this/that reason, as a result, so, therefore.
 因果关系

 条件关系     as long as, if, unless, if necessary
          besides, in addition, not only…but also, as well, what’s more,what’s worse
 增补关系
          for example/instance, such as, like, namely, in other words
   举例

          as far as I know, there is no doubt that, I’m not sure that,
   评价     It’s certain that, as we know, It’s known to all that…,

          in a word, next to, in short, in general, in all, to sum up
   总结     Generally speaking, therefore
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