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中考英语教学指导:初中英语复习书面表达解题技巧

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初中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                           中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                       书面表达写作指导

    书面表达是对学生在初中阶段英语学习的综合考查,涉及篇章结构、句子构成、短语使用和单词拼写

等多方面内容,以下就中考书面表达的写作方法和注意事项进行指导:

  一、认真审题,确定时态人称,同时关注题材格式

    (1)时态:

    故事性文章一般用过去时,其中表达感受时可用现在时。

  说明性或议论性文章一般用现在时,举例时可用过去时。

  根据题目要求也会出现时态的交错使用,如过去和现在的对比等。

  如果句中出现了时间状语,时态则要遵循时间状语。

  如    ago,last…——过去时

  next,in…——将来时等

    (2)人称:注意在句子中人称的统一。

  例如:Thanks to the teachers,    we have improved our English.

  其中     we 和 our 就是人称的统一。

  格式:注意书信格式的开头和结尾。

  二、找全信息点,紧扣主题,突出重点

    切忌只看表格中或所列           1、2、3   中的信息点。一定把题读全,找齐信息点,建议用铅笔标出。根据题

目,可适当增加合理内容。特别注意文章要有开头和结尾。

  三、成文时表述正确,文字流畅

  切忌与汉语提示的一一对应,使用所学表达方法将语义表达出来即可。

  首先考虑句子结构(如主谓宾,主系表等)。

  同时注意短语的正确使用和单词的拼写,最好使用课本上学过的短语和句式。

  四、文章结构清晰,重点句型出彩,可使文章在得分上提高一个档次

  考虑文章的篇章结构,使用适当的连接短语,使文章结构紧凑。

  常用连接词:

  1.   表文章结构顺序:First of all,Firstly/First,Secondly/Second…

  And then,Finally,In the end,At last

  2.   表并列补充关系的:What’s more,Besides,Moreover,

  3.   表转折对比关系的:However,while,but

    Although/Though/ Even though(尽管) +clause(从句),

    On the one hand…(一方面), On the other hand…(另一方面)

  Some…,while others…
                           中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

  4.   表因果关系的:Because,As,Since (因为)

  So,As a result(所以)

  5.   表换一种方式表达:In other words(换句话说)= That’s to say……

  6.   表进行举例说明:For example+句子; such as+n / doing

  7.   表陈述事实:In fact

  8.   表达自己观点:As far as I know,In my opinion,In my view (据我所知,在我看来)

  9.   表总结:In short,In a word,In conclusion  (总的来说)

    ★加分点:文中正确使用两三个好的句型,如:宾语从句、状语从句、动名词做主语等。

宾语从句举例:I believe Tianjin will be more beautiful and prosperous.

状语从句举例:If everyone does something for the environment, our hometown will become clean and beautiful.

动名词做主语举例:Reading books in the sun is bad for our eyes. = It‘s bad for our eyes to read books in the sun.

常用状语从句句型:

  1)时间     when,not…until,as soon as

  2)目的     so that+clause; to do/in order to do ( 为了)

  3)结果     so…that+clause,too…to do(太……以至于……), adj./adv+enough that     从句或者    to do sth.

  4)条件     if,unless(除非),as long as(只要)

  5)让步     though,although,even though,even if, no matter what/when/where/who/which/how

    6)比较   as…as…,not so…as…,than

常用宾语从句句型:

我认为,……  /      我认为……不   I think / I don't think that …

他坚持…… He insists that ……

常用其他从句句型:

A)  如果你不……,你就会……    If you don't ..., you'll ...

例︰If you don't keep working hard, you'll lose the chance.

如果你不坚持努力工作,你就会失去这次机会。

B) 如此    ……,以至于……     so … that …

例:At that moment, I was so upset that I wanted to give up.

当时,我非常伤心,最后都想放弃了。

C) Since + S + 过去式, S + 现在完成式.

例:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

自从他上高中,他就一直很用功。

五、认真检查,检查信息点是否全面,时态、人称是否一致,句子结构是否清晰,短语使用、单词拼写是
                            中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 否准确等。

   检查后,将草稿誊写在纸上,请注意按结构分段,书写清晰。

   下面列举一些在检查中可发现的错误:

   1.We live more and more comfortable.

   改正:comfortably(副词修饰动词)

   2.we can get many informations by reading newspapers.

   改正:much information

   (不可数名词由         much 修饰)

   3.There has many programs in TV.

   改正:There are many programs on TV.

   (There be  句型和介词短语)

   4.I think ride a bike can keep our health.

   改正:I think riding a bike can keep us healthy.(动名词作主语)

   建议大家练习或模仿不同题材的文章,特别注意改错总结和吸取范文中好的结构与表达方法,适当运

 用于自己的文章中。
                                       中考英语作文万能句

1. 表建议句型:                                          3.   努力做…  

had better (not) do 最好(不)做                         try to do 努力做… 

I think you should do 我认为你应该…                      manage to do 成功做了… 

I suggest / advise that you should do 我建议你做…       try one’s best to do = do one’s best to do 竭尽全力做… 

If I were you, I would do… 我要是你的话,我会做…             make efforts to do 尽力做… 

It’s best to do 最好做…                               do what sb can (do ) to do 尽力做… 

It is highly suggested that you should(not)…       do what / everything sb. can to do 尽某人全力做… 

Meanwhile(同时),…is also a good way for you.         4. 打算做… /   计划做…  

2. 表示喜欢和感兴趣                                        plan to do 打算做… 

like / love doing                                  be going to do 打算做… 

enjoy doing                                        decide to do / make a decision to do 决定做… 

be crazy about/doing 痴迷于…                          make up one’s mind to do 下定决心做… 

would rather do A than do / prefer doing A to doing B 5. 表示想/希望 

宁愿做    A 也不愿做    B                                 want to do = would like to do 想做… 

be interested in doing = show/ take great interest in sth/ hope to do 希望做… 

doing                                              expect (sb.) to do 期待着(某人)做… 
                            中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
wish sb to do 希望某人做…                               that …

consider doing 考虑做…                                ……   是友好的     It is kind (of sb.) to do / that …

6. With 短语                                         ……是有礼貌的        It is polite (of sb.) to do / that …

随着人口的增加……    With the increase/growth of the       例:It is proper for us to keep the public places clean.

population, …                                      It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean.

随着科技的发展……    With the development of               我们应当保持公共场所清洁。

science and technology, …                          8. 花费  spend … on sth. / doing sth. …

在她的帮助下……               With her help, …            例:我们不应该在我们不感兴趣的事情上花太多的

7. It is +adj. for/of sb. to do sth./that …        时间。

……是必要的       It is necessary (for sb.) to do / that … We shouldn't spend too much time on something we 

……   是重要的     It is important/essential (for sb.) to do / aren't interested in.

 自己搜集的可以用于书面表达的词组:

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                           中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

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自己搜集的可以用于书面表达的句型:

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                           中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

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