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人教版七下英语1-12单元短语大全

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                          七下英语    1-6 单元                                  (注:大号黑体字
  短语大全                                         为考试常考,重点必学;白体字为需简单掌握,可以
                                               不背) 
         Unit 1
Be good at =do will in 擅长于……                 Show off       炫耀
Be good to      对…….好                        Show up      出现,露面
Be good with  善于与…打交道                        On show  在展出
Be good for 对……有好处                           Be in   参加  ;穿着
Be bad for 对……有坏处                            Need sth.  需要某事物
Dance to…..跟随…….跳舞                           Need to do sth.需要做某事
Dance with …..   与…….共舞                      Need sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某事
Take part in 参加(群众性活动,并发挥积极作用)               Be free to do sth.  不受拘束做…事
                                             Be free with     对…..随便
Join in (参加正在进行时,大规模活动)                      Make friends 交朋友
Join the Party   入党                          Make friends with sb.  跟某人交朋友
Join the army   参军                           Be busy doing sth.  忙于做某事
Match with 将…..与…搭配                          Be busy with sth.   忙于做某事
Play the drums  打鼓                           On the weekend  在周末
Play chess   下棋                              On weekends     在周末
Play the trumpet 吹喇叭                         Weekday 工作日(周一到周五)
Play cards   打牌                              Teach sb. sth.  教某人某事
Tell stories  说故事                            Teach sb. to do sth.  教….做
Write stores 写故事                             Teach oneself  自学
Tell sb. sth. =tell sth. to sb 告诉某人某事        look for        寻找(动作)
Tell sb. to do sth..告诉某人做某事                  find          找到(结果)
Tell sb. not to do sth. 告诉某人不要做某事            find out     (经过一番努力)找出
Tell sb. of/about sth. 告诉某人有关某事                       Unit   2
Tell oneself  提醒自己;叮嘱自己                      Clean up 打扫干净
Tell …..from 辨别,分清                           For fun  为了娱乐
Talent show   才艺展示                           Find out  查明,弄清楚
Talk show   脱口秀                              Have fun =have a good time =enjoy oneself 玩
Talk to sb   对某人讲话                           得开心;过得愉快
Talk with / to sb. …..与…..交谈                 Have a good taste 有好的品位
Talk of 提到,谈到                                Be late for /arrive late for 迟到
Talk about sth.  谈论 ,议论                      Either ……or   ……要么….要么….;或者…..或
Talk about abilites 谈论你的能力                   者….
Talk back 顶嘴,回嘴                              Take a walk/Take walks  散步
Talk sb. into(doing) sth. 说服某人做某事            Have a walk           散步
Speak to sb.  与…..讲话                         Go for a walk        去散步
Want sth.  想……事                              Walk to …..步行去……..
Want to do sth. 想做……事                        Keep in good health  保持健康
Want sb. to do sth. 想某人去做某事                  Keep /stay  healthy  保持健康(健康为 n.)
Write down 写下,记下                             All one’s life  终身,一生
Write to sb.  给某人写信                          In one’s life  在某人一生中
Write back  回信                               Lose one’s life 丧生
Show sb. sth. =show sth. to sb.给某人看某物        Save one’s life 救某人
Show sb. around 带领某人四处参观                     A lot of /lots of +cn 复/un. 许多,大量
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A lot    非常,相当                               Stop to do sth.   停下来做某事
A group of  一组;一群                            Stop doing sth. 停止手中的事情(停止正在做的
In a group /groups 成群的                       事)
Live   a ….. life   过着……的生活                  One of  cn .  ……之一
In the life of …... 在……生活中                   It is+adj. for sb. to do sth 对某人而言做某事怎
Work at 从事于,致力于                              么样
Out of work  失业                              Between …...and …..在…..与…..之间
Work out 算出;理解;制定出;想出;解决                     Among  在……之间(三者或以上)
Be dressed in ….穿……衣服                        Be afraid of(doing) sth.  害怕(做)某事
Dress up  穿衣,打扮                              Be afraid to do sth. 不敢去做某事
Dress up as 装扮成                              be afraid that ………恐怕
Dress oneself  自己穿衣服                         Be  like    像(侧重性格)
Dress sb.  给某人穿衣                             Look  like  (看起来)像(侧重外貌)
Daily activies 日常活动                          It is +adj. to do sth.   做….事怎么样
Be in  穿衣服                                   It is +adj. of sb. to do sth. 某人做….怎么样
Put on  穿衣(动作)                               It takes /took  sb. some time to do sth.花费某人一些时
Wear  穿戴(状态)                                 间做某事
Get dressed  穿衣服(动作同     put on)             Many of +cn.复/代词宾格……..中的许多
Get dressed in 穿着(状态同   wear)                Leave for a place 前生某地
go to do sth    去做某事                         Leave  sp.   离开某地
run across   偶遇                              Leave for sp. 出发去…,动身前往….
run away   逃走                                Leave sp. for  sp.  离开…去…
run out  用完,耗尽                               Leave sth. for sb. 把某物留给某人
taste of …..有….味道                            leave sb. doing sth.  让某人单独做
         Unit3                               Live by…..靠…..(手段、方式)生活
Thousand  千                                  Live on……以…..为生/主食
Million   百万                                 Dream of /about(doing)sth.  梦想(做)某事….            
Billion    千万
Hundreds of  数百上千的                                       Unit 4
Give sb. a ride /life   捎……一程                Don’t talk=No talking=Be quiet 不要说话(请
Go for a ride   去兜风                          安静)
Give sb. a  ride  开车载某人一程                    Day and night  日日夜夜
in our everyday life  日常生活                   Leave for 离开…..
Everyday clothes  日常(平常)衣服                   Leave sp. for sp. 离开某地到某地
From….to…..从……到…….                           Leave sb./sth.  in/at sp. 将…留在某地
Far away  很远,遥远                              Make noises =make a noise 制造噪音
Far from  远非;完全不                             Get sth. from  得到某物从…….
Far away from….远离…..                         Take sth. to sp. 带某物到某地
By land  从陆路                                 Have to  不得不
By air   乘飞机                                 Needn’t    没必要
By sea   从海路                                 Need doing =need to be alone 需要被做
By water  从水路                                In class  在课上
Be sure that 相信(后跟宾从)                        In the class   在班上
Be sure of     对…..有把握                       In hospital 住院
Be sure to do sth.   一定要做某事                  In the hospital 在医院里
Crossing  十字路口                               At table 用餐
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At the table 在桌子旁                            Go out 外出
Arrived late for  (侧重状态)                     On school nights 在上学日的晚上
Be late for  (侧重动作)                          Outside  在外面
Fight with  与…..打架                           On time 准时
Fight with sb. about /over sth. 与某人为某事打      In time 及时
架                                            Inside   在里面
Fight for  为……而斗争                            Importance  重要性
Bring sth. with sb. 随身带来某物                            Unit 5
Bring back 归还;使回忆起来                          A symbol of ………的象征
Bring sb. sth.=bring sth. to sb. 给某人带来某物     All day = the wholo day 整天
Be sorry for  为……而感到难过                       Be made of 由….制成的(看得见原材料)
Be sorry to see /hear 看见/听见…..而难过            Be made from  由…制成的(看不出原材料)
Neither….nor  既不,也不                          Be made in  在……..制造
Either…..or    既….又……                        Be made by +制成者/方式(由….制造)
Don’t +do. = no +doing (祈使句)                 Be kind to =be friendly to 对…友好
No more =not …any more  不再                   Be friend to =the kind /nice to sb. 对某某友好
More and more 越来越多                           Be friend with sb. 和某人关系好
Musn’t      禁止                               It’s kind of sb. to do sth. 
The +序数词+to do sth. 第几个做某事                   A kind of 一种
Help oneself to=with the help of  在……帮助下     All kinds of =kinds of 各种各样的
The following day 接下来的一天                     Kind of  稍微,有点儿(修饰形容词)
Follow the rules 遵守规则                        Cut  down  砍倒
Follow sb. to do sth. 跟随某人做某事                Cut  up    切碎
Follow after  追求,追随,模仿                       Cut off    中止,停止
Be strict with sb. 对某人严厉的                    Come from /be from 来自
Be strict about/ in sth. 对某事严格               Endangered  adj.濒危的
Think of  想起,认为                              Get into danger 陷入险境
Think about 思考,考虑                            Save one’s life 救助某人的生命
Think over 仔细思考                              One of ….+cn.复 …..之一(作为主语时谓        v 用单)
Think up   想出
Too many = too much  太多的                     Forget to do  忘记要做(未做)
Much too  太                                  Forget doing 忘记做过(已做)
Remember to do sth. 记得要做某事(事情还没做)            Leave sth. sp  丢某物在某地
                                             Be lose in 沉迷于….之中
Remember doing sth.记得做过某事(事情已经做了)            Places of interest  
                                             Lose heart 灰心
Practice sth. /doing sth. 练习某事/做某事           Lose face  丢脸
Learn to do sth.    学习做某事                    Lose one’s life 丧命
Learn about/of    了解,得知,获悉                   Lose oneself in(doing) sth. 专心致志做某事
Learn from  向……学习                            Write to sb.  写信给某人
Keep on 继续进行                                 Fell sleepy 感到要睡觉
Keep doing sth.   持续做某事                      Go to bed 去睡觉
Keep sb. doing sth.  使某人持续做某事                Go to sleep 入睡
Keep sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人做某事             Be a sleep  睡着
Keep away from 避开,不接近                        Sleeping   熟睡
Keep the hair short 保持短发                     Wake up   醒来(动作)
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Be a wake  醒着的(状态)                           More then = over 超过,多余
Places of mterest  名胜古迹 
                                             Sometime  某个时候
                                             Sometimes  有时,偶尔
                                             Solve/work out the problem 解决问题
                                             Have problem doing sth. 在做…事方面有困难
                                             Have problem with   在….方面有问题
                                             Take a message for sb. 给某人捎个口信
    Unit 6、Unit 7                            Leave a message to sb. 给某人留个口信
As soon as  一……就……                           Give a message to sb. =give sb. a  message  给
Sooner or later  迟早                          某人一个口信
Be hard at work 刻苦工作                         Use up  用尽,用光
Be hard on sb.  对某人严格                        Would like =love to do sth =want 想做,乐意做
Be happy to do sth. 高兴地做…事                   Do some /the cleaning 大扫除
Be +adj.+to do sth. 做…事怎么样                   Miss doing sth.=missing sth 错过做某事/错过某事
Get back  取回                                    Unit 8
Come back  回来                                Across from=opposite=on the other side of 对面
Put back   放回                                Arrive  in +大地点
Give back 归还                                 Arrive  at +小地点
At the back of  在….后面                        Get to +地点
(be  )on a vacation 在度假                      Reach +地点
Go on a vacation 度假                          Be busy with sth.  忙碌干….事
Take a vacation  休假                          Be busy doing sth. 忙碌干….事
Take a photo of sb./sth.给某人/某物拍照             Spend sth.(money/time) doing sth 花费(时间、
Cook sb sth.=cook sth. For sb.烹饪…给某人         金钱)干某事
Call sb =ring sb. 给….打电话                     Spend sth.(money/time) on sth 在某事上花费
Call sb. up =ring sb. up 给….打电话              (时间、金钱)
Call sb. back  给某人回电话                        Spend time with sb. 与…一起度过时光
Write to sb =write a letter  to sb.写信给某人     Sth. Cost sb. some money 某物花了某人一些钱
Get a letter from sb.  收到….的来信               It takes sb.time to do sth 花了某人时间去做某事
Wash out  洗干净                                Come across  偶遇
Wash away  冲走,冲垮                             Enjoy doing 喜欢做….
Wish to do sth. 希望做…..                       Far from=far away from 离…远(不能与具体
Wish sb to do sth  希望…某人做某事                  数字连用)
Wish sb sth.    祝福某人某事                       数字+away from      有….远
Just then  正在那时                              Go to school  去上学
Just now   刚才                                Go to the school  去学校
Just as    正像                                Pay off  偿清债务
Just right for +n/pron/doing 恰好/正好           Sb. afford sth. 某人支付得起
Not much =nothing much 没什么事                  Sb. pay money for sth. 某人为…..支付钱
dish some washing  洗衣服                       On   round    here   =near   here/in  the 
Join sb.for something 加入某人做某事                neighberhood 在附近
Drink up   喝光                                (be)on duty  值日
Right now  此刻,马上                             On the right/left   在….右边/左边
Some times  几次、几倍                            Go along /down   沿着….走
Some time  一段时间                              Turn left /right=turn to the right/left 
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Turn left/right at the+序数词+crossing=take   the    Straight away/off   立即,马上
+序数词+crossing on the left/right 在第…个转弯            Be similar to 与….相似
Turn over   翻过来                                   The same as ….与…..相同
Turn to sb. for help=ask sb. for help 向…求助        Be different from 与…..不同
Make noise 制造噪音                                   Talk to /with sb. 与…..谈话
Look around 环顾四周                                  Talk about   谈论关于
Favourite=like sth. Best 最喜欢的                     Waiter    男服务员
Watch sb. doing 看见某人在做某事                          Waitress   女服务员
Watch sb.to do sth.看见某人经常做某事/做某事的全过               Want to do =feel like doing 
程                                                 By the way  顺便说一说
Show the way/be free from 不受…的影响                  All the way   在途中
                                                  On one’s way to ….去….的路上
                Unit 9
Another+基数词+cn.复=基数词+more+cn.复                                     Unit 10
One after another   一个接一个                         At the age of  在……岁时
One another   互相                                  Answer a letter  回信
One ….another    一个……另一个                          The answer to …..的答案
Draw a picture of …..画一张…的画                       Blow down 吹倒
Draw a picture for  为……画一张相                       Blow up   爆炸
Each of ……每一个….                                   Blows out  吹灭
In the end  最后                                    One (large) bowl of ……一(大)碗…..
At the end of  在…..末端/尽头                          Cut out  切出
Face to face  面对面                                 Make one’s dream come true   实现某人梦想
On one’s face  在…..脸上                             Achieve /realize one’s dream   实现某人梦想
To one’s face  当….面                               It is getting +adj.+to do sth.做….正在变得…
Put out   放出来;灭                                   In one go  同一次的(一次性的)
Put away  放好,收起来                                  The mumber of …..的数量(谓        V  用单)
Put down  镇压                                      A number of   大量/许多的……(谓          V 用复)
Put off 推迟                                        Mean to do 打算做…..
Put up  举起,张贴,建造                                  Mean doing  意味着
Put on  穿衣(动作)                                    Take/have one’s order  点菜
A glasses of   一杯                                 Order sb. to do sth.  命令某人做某事
A little +un.(肯) 一点                               Be popular with /among 受……欢迎
Little by little 一点点地                             Be popular in 在某地受欢迎
Letter +un.(否) 很少,几乎没有                            Get popular  受欢迎
Not a little  不少,很多                               Be popular for  因…..受欢迎
Quite a little 很多                                 Be of a size  同一大小
Soon or later  迟早                                 Would like =want  想(表意愿)
Later on   后来                                     Would like sth.=want sth.想要什么东西
No later than  在….之前                              Would like to do =want to do 想去做什么事
Few +cn  复(否)      很少,几乎没有                        Around the world  世界各地
A few +cn 复(肯)         一些                         All over the world 世界各地
Be interested in 对…..感兴趣                          Throughout the world   世界各地
May be      可能(是),也许(谓语动词)                        Make a wish   许愿
Maybe       可能,也许(句首作状语)                          Tradition   n. 传统
(be) of medium height                             Tell ….from  将….与….区分
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                                                  Show sb. around  
                 Unit 11                          Show up  露面,出席,揭露
Anything but 除了;决不                                Show off  炫耀
Anything like sb.. /sth. 与某人/某物像                  Sell sb. sth. =sell sth. to sb.卖给某人某物
At all 根本                                         Be on sell 廉价出售
All in all  总而言之                                  Worry about sb. /sth . 为….而担心
In all    总共,合计
Above all  首先                                                        Unit 12
First of all 首先                                   As if  好像
after all 毕竟;终究;终于                                As soon as  一…..就….
Come out 出来;开花;出版;发芽;结果是…..                       As ……as     像….;   如同……
Be excellent in 在…方面极好/优秀                         Ran away 跑掉,逃跑
Buy sb. sth.=buy sth. for sb. 买某物给某人              Put away 把….收起来
Buy ….from ….从…买…                                 Take away    带走;拿走;取走 
Be bored with …对…感到无聊                             Be away   离开(状态)
Feed ….with ….向….供给……                             Far away  在远处
Feed to ….把…..喂给……                                Black sheep  害群之马;败家子
Feed on …..以…..为食,用…..喂养                          Jump on to 跳上 
Make a fire 生火                                    Jump off 跳下
Be on fire  着火                                    Start in 着手,开始
Free gift 赠品                                      Start out/off  动身出发
Have a gift for ….有…的天赋                           In /with surprise 吃惊的
Grow into  长成                                     To one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是….
Grow old 变老                                       Study for ….为…..学习;备考
Grow up     长大                                    Stay up  熬夜
Go on a trip(have a trip )去旅游                     Shout at  对…大声嚷(责备,气愤)
Go on   a hike  去远足                               Shout to 对…喊叫(以引起对方注意,无责备、
Go on a visit  去访问                                愤怒的意思)
Go on a vacation   去度假                            Fell/be /get tired of doing sth.厌烦做…
Go on a picnic  去野餐;去野炊                           Be /fell tired with from 因…疲劳
Be interesting in 对….感到兴趣                         Be tired to do sth. 太累了不能做…..
It is +adj.+to do sth. 做…感到….                     Work for 为…工作/效力
Hear of 听说…..                                     Work in /at 在….工作
Hear sb.sth. 听到某人做某事                              Work on 从事于;效力于
Hear sb. doing sth. 听到某人正在做某事                     Work as  作为….工作
Leave for …动身前往…                                  Work with 与…共事
Leave…for…离开…去…                                   Work out 计算出,锻炼
Learn about =know about    知道/学习/了解
Learn from  向….学习
Pick up 摘;捡起;开车接某人,无意中学会
Pick out  挑选
Quite+a /an +adj.+cn.单=a very+adj.+cn.单   非常…..
Quite a lot(of )….许多
Quite a few 不少,相当多
Be slow in 在…方面慢
Slow down  放慢(速度);减速
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