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仁爱版英语八年级下册语法 练习题与答案

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     初中英语语法宾语从句讲解,专项练习及答案


                                                临城镇中学陈立荣

  注意!宾语从句小口诀:

 宾语从句三注意,时态语序引导词;

 主句一般现在时,从句不需受限制;

 主句一般过去时,从句须用相应时;

 陈述句转化     that 引,一般疑问句用       if/whether,

 特殊问句疑问词,引导词后陈述式。

 一、基本讲解

 1 概念:在句中担当宾语的从句叫宾语从句,宾语从句可作谓语动词的宾语,

也可做介词的宾语。      He said he was good at drawing. (动词宾语)

              He asks him how long Mike has been down . (动词宾语)

              Miss Zhang  is  angry at what you said. (介词宾语)

 2.连接词

 (1) .陈述句转化成宾语从句时,引导词用              that,口语中常常省略。

  She told me (that) she would like to go with us.
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(2)以 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句, 主要用来引导一般疑问句意思或选择疑问句

意思的宾语从句,从句同样是陈述语序

            I wonder if /whether u have told the new to Li Lei .

  注意:一般情况下,whether 和           if 可以互用, 但有些情况例外。

      a. 当从句做介词的宾于是只用           whether 不用 if

         We are talking about whether we'll go on the picnic

      b. 引导词与动词不定式或 not 连用时, 只用             whether.

      , Please let me know what to do next.

          Could you tell me whether u go or not?

      c. if 当如果讲时, 引导的是条件状语从句, 这时不能用                  whether.

3.宾语从句时态

a.当主句是一般现在时,一般将来时或祈使句时,从句不受主句的限制,根据

自身的需要选用相应的时态。例如:

Do you know(if/whether he has seen the film)?

b.当主句是一般过去时,从句要用过去时的相应时态。例如:

I didn't know (if/whether he had seen the film.)

注意:当主句是一般过去时,而从句表示的是客观真理,自然现象,科学原理,

格言等,从句仍然要用一般现在时。例如:
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He said (that the earth moves round the sun.)

The teacher told us (that light travels much faster than sound.) 

4.、人称的变化和标点的使用

a.从句的主语如果是第一人称,变为宾语从句则与主句的主语一致;如果是第

二人称,则与主句的宾语一致;如果是第三人称,不用变化。如:

   “May I use your knife?”He asked me.

→He asked me if he might use my knife.

   “Do you know her telephone number?”He asked me.

 →He asked me if I know her telephone number.

b. 宾语从句的标点均由主句决定。主句是陈述句,用句号;主句是疑问句,用

问号。如:

    Who will give us a talk? I don’t know. →I don’t know who will give us a talk.

    Do you know?Where does he live? →Do you know where he lives?

 

           时态的呼应也叫时态的一致,是指在复合句中,某些从句(主要是宾语

从句等名词性从句)的时态常受主句时态的影响,因而要注意主从句两部分的

时态呼应。

    
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    (1)主句是现在时态或将来时时,从句可以用任何所需要的时态。

    

    He says his father is/was/will be a teacher. 他说他父亲是(过去是,将来要做)

一个教师。

    

    They will tell you that they are living/lived/will live/have lived in shanghai.  他们会告

诉你他们正住在上海/在上海住过/将住在上海/一直住在上海。

    

    (2)主句是过去时态时,从句的时态要注意下列几点:

    

    A. 从句与主句动作同时发生,从句须用一般过去时或过去进行时。

    

    I thought he studied hard.  我认为他学习努力。

    

    He told me his son was watching TV.  他告诉我他儿子在看电视。

    

    B. 从句动作发生在主句动作之后,从句须用过去将来时。例如:

    

    He said he would post the letter.  他说他将要寄这封信。

    

    They did not know when they would go to the Great Wall.  他们不知道什么时候去

参观长城。
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    C. 从句动作发生在主句动作之前,从句须用过去完成时。例如:

    

    He said he had posted the letter。 他说已经把信发了。

    

    They asked me whether I had been there before.  他们问我以前去没去过那里。

    

    但是,如果从句有具体的过去时间状语,尽管从句动作发生在主句动作之前,

有时仍用一般过去时。例如:

    

    She told me her brother died in 1960.  她告诉我她哥哥 1960 年去世的。

    

    They said they checked everything yesterday.  他们说昨天他们全部检查过了。

    

    另外,从句说的是一般真理或客观事实,即使主句用过去时态,从句仍用一

般现在时。例如:

    

    The teacher told the pupils that the earth is round.  老师告诉学生们地球是圆的。

    

    Somebody told me you are a writer.  有人告诉我你是个作家。

    

    除了宾语从句外,其他名词性从句(主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句)一
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般也要遵守这种时态呼应的规律。而状语从句和定语从句则是根据本身意思的

需要选用适当的时态。例如:

    

    He saw the boy whose mother is our teacher.  他见过那个他妈妈是我们老师的男

孩。

    

  It was not so hot yesterday as it is today.  昨天没有今天这样热。   


      

  宾语从句专项习题

巩固练习

1.Have you decided ________for Australia?

A. when will you leave       B. when do you leave

C. you will leave when       D. when you will leave
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2.Can you tell me _________ ?

A. where does Tom live  B. where Tom lived C. Tom lives where D. where Tom lives

3.The old man asked me ________ .

A. where was the cinema            B. where is the cinema

C. where the cinema was           D. where was the way to the cinema

4.I think _______ you will like him. A. that   B. if     C. why       D. how

5.I didn’t know _______ he will come or not.  A. that  B. whether  C. weather   D. 

how

6.I wonder _________ .

A. how much cost these shoes        B. how much do these shoes cost

C. how much these shoes cost            D. how much are these shoes cost

7.She asked me _________ . A. who he was   B. who was he  C. who is he  D. who he is

8.Ask him ___.

A. whose cup this is B. whose cup is this C. this is whose cup D. whose is this cup

9.I don’t know _________ .

A. what time the movie starts           B. what time starts the movie

C. the time to start the movie           D. the movie what time starts
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10.The doctor asked me how long ________ .

A. was I ill        B.  have I been ill   C. I have been ill   D. I had been ill

11.The weather forecast doesn’t say _________.

A. if it rains tomorrow              B. if does it rain tomorrow

C. if it will rain tomorrow           D. if will it rain tomorrow

12.Do you know _________?

A. whose pen is this                 B. whose pen this is

C. whom does the pen belong to   D. whom the pen belong to

13.Could you tell me where _________?

A. the tape was     B. was the tape      C. the tape is         D. is the tape

14.They want to know _________?

A. where is the hospital  B. how old are you

C. when the train will leave  D. why is the boy crying

15.Tony wanted to know _________.

A. what had Father Christmas put in his stocking

B. when Father Christmas had put in his stocking

C.  what Father Christmas had put in his stocking
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D.  where Father Christmas had put in his stocking

16.No one knows ___ the professor will come to our school tomorrow to give us a talk 

or not.

A.      when       B. whether     C. where       D. if

17.July didn’t know_________.

A. where is Tim’s father                  B. when was the first watch made

C. who the old man is                    D. what was wrong with her watch

18.No one told us _________, so we need your help.

A. how should we do   B. what we should do   C. what to do   D. what should we do

19.We don’t know _________ with the rubbish and it pollutes out land and sea.

A. how do it          B. how to do          C. what do it    D. what to do

20.He asked me _________.

A. whether I find out the sender of the money 

B. whether did I find out the sender of the money

C. whether the sender of the money found out  

D. whether I found out the sender of the money

21. Did you hear ______? A. what did I say   B. what I said  C. I said what D. what I say
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22. Can you tell me ________?

A. which class you are in         B. which class are you in

C. you are in which class          D. are you in which class

23. ---Excuse me. Could you tell me _______? --- Certainly.

A. when can I get to the station       B. I can get to which station

C. which station can I get to           D. how I can get to the station

24. Could you tell me where _______ yesterday?

A. did you go       B. you go       C. you have gone     D. you went
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 1.参考答案   D  你决定什么时候去澳大利亚了吗?宾语从句用陈述语序。

 2. 参考答案   D 宾语从句用陈述语序,where          作从句的宾语。

 3. 参考答案   C 宾语从句用陈述语序,where          表示地点。

 4. 参考答案   A  if 表示选择,我想你是否将喜欢他。

 5. 参考答案   B  有 or not, 所以用  whether.

 6. 参考答案   C 宾语从句用陈述语序.

 7. 参考答案   A 宾语从句用陈述语序,who 作从句的宾语。

 8. 参考答案   A  whose 是所有格,所以后面要有一个名词,整体做从句的宾语。

 9. 参考答案   A  宾语从句用陈述语序。

 10. 参考答案   D 主句是过去时,从句也要用过去相应的时态,医生问我之前我

已经病了,所以用过去完成时态。

 11. 参考答案   C if 连接宾语从句,宾语从句用陈述语序。

 12. 参考答案   B whose 是所有格,所以后面要有一个名词,整体做从句的宾语。

 13. 参考答案   C 宾语从句用陈述语序。

 14. 参考答案   C 宾语从句用陈述语序,时态不受限制。

 15. 参考答案   C  主句用一般过去时,从句要用过去相应的时态,因为圣诞老人

是之前就把礼物放进袜子里了,所以用过去完成时态。
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 16. 参考答案   B  有 or not 就用 whether.

 17. 参考答案   D  宾语从句用陈述语序, 主句用一般过去时,从句要用过去相应的

时态。

 18. 参考答案   B 没有人告诉我们应该做什么,所以我们需要你的帮助。宾语从句

用陈述语序,如果选          B 就是没有人做什么,us         后面是宾语从句,而         us 是宾格不

能作从句的主语,所以 C           选项缺少宾语从句的主语,应选              B.

 19. 参考答案   D 我们不知道用垃圾做什么并且垃圾污染陆地和海洋。What                        做 to 

 do 的宾语。

 20. 参考答案   D 宾语从句用陈述语序,他问我是否我能找出寄钱的人,主句用

过去时态,从句用过去相应的时态。

 21. 参考答案   B 宾语从句用陈述语序,what          作从句的宾语。

 22. 参考答案   A 宾语从句用陈述语序,哪一个班,所以用                  which class.

 23. 参考答案   D 你能告诉我怎样可以去车站,当然可以。宾语从句用陈述语序,

怎样用    how.

 24. 参考答案   D 宾语从句用陈述语序。
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