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新版新目标八年级英语下UNIT 1 单元检测题

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                  UNIT 1     What’s the matter?检测题

Ⅰ.听力(20    分)
(一)把你听到的建议代号写在横线上,对话读两遍。
A. Go to a doctor.     B. Drink more water.    C. Go to the hospital and get an X-ray.
D. See a dentist.      E. Take your temperature.
1.          2.         3.          4.          5.
(二)听对话和问题,选择符合每个问题的正确答案,每段对话和问题读两遍。
6. A. Football.        B. Table  tennis.       C. Basketball.
7. A. Cakes.           B. Fish.                C. Vegetables.
8. A. Cook.            B. Teacher.             C. Doctor.
9. A. Goldfish.        B. Elephant.            C. Tortoise.
10. A. No photos.      B. No smoking.          C. No parking.
(三)听对话,根据对话内容选择每个问题的最佳答案,对话和问题读两遍。
11. What’s wrong with the young man?
A. He has a cold.
B. He has a fever.
C. He has a headache.
12. What has he been doing these days?
A. Playing computer games.
B. Sleeping all day.
C. Dreaming all night.
13. What does the doctor suggest?
A. Keeping warm.
B. Having a warm bath.
C. Drinking more water.
14. How should he take the medicine?
A. Half an hour a day.
B. Three times a day.
C. Once a day.
15. What should he not do?
A. Relax a little.
B. Take more pills once.
C. Go to bed early.
(四)听一段电话留言,根据其内容完成下面信息卡,每空一词,电话留言读两遍。
                            Telephone Message
From Tony to Ann at around 9:00 a.m.
Message: Tony has got two tickets to a   16   . It begins at   17   p.m. He will wait at 
 the   18   at 3:00 p.m. And he says it may   19   , and Ann had better take her  20   
 with her. 
16.         17.        18.         19.         20.      
Ⅱ.单项填空(15    分)(给力英语网       http://www.171english.cn)
21. There’s      rain on the road, so she should drive carefully.
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A.too much          B.too many         C.much too          D.many too
22.My father likes tea      nothing in it.
A.of                B.without          C.with              D.have
23.You should look after      ,classmates.
A.yourselves        B.yourself         C.herself           D.himself
24.You shouldn’t make mistakes      .
A.in same way       B.at same way      C.in the same way   D.at the same way
25.I saw him      when I passed by.
A.ran               B.run              C.runs              D.running
26.We should be careful when we     the bus.
A.get down          B.get out          C.get up            D.get off
27.—Did you catch your plane?
—Yes. We got there just      .
A.on time           B.at times         C.in time           D.in the time
28.He often thinks      things before he makes a decision.
A.about             B.of               C.out               D.over
29.Usually, leaves      trees in autumn.
A.fall down         B.fall off         C.get down          D.get off
30.Aron      water five days later.
A.ran out           B.used out         C.ran out of        D.used out of
31. Smoking is bad for your health. You should      .
A.give up it        B.give up them     C.give it up        D.give them up
32.I don’t know if he      tomorrow. If he      , please let me know.
A.will come;comes   B.will come;will come C.co mes;comes   D.comes;will come
33. I think I should keep on      the guitar at home.
A.play              B.to play          C.played            D.playing
34.The cat is      .You should take it to an animal hospital.
A.dead              B.death            C.dying             D.died
35 .The book is         for us to read.
A.good enough       B.enough g ood     C.too good          D.good too
Ⅲ.完形填空(10      分)
    Stuart and Steve were twin brothers. Stuart loved to play basketball. But Steve loved to read 
books. One day Stua rt was playing basketball  36  he fell and broke his leg. When they took 
him to the hospital, the doctor  said he wouldn’t be able to play for six months. Steve went  37  
him and brought him books on basketball. At first Stuart wasn’t going to read them. Then he 
began to read them and  38  that there were ways he could play basketball better. He began to 
think that books weren’t  39  .
    When Stuart’s leg started getting better, Steve would help him by going for walks with him. 
40 Stuart’s doctor said he could start playing basketball again. Then Stuart showed Steve how to 
toss(投) for baskets. Steve found that he enjoyed it.
    Then Stuart was ready to  41  the basketball games. Steve went to watch the games and 
enjoyed himself. They  then  42  practiced basketball and read books together.
    So you can see, when  43  happens, something good may also happen. Steve showed Stuart 
about books and Stuart showed Steve about basketball. So you can also  44  showing others 
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something that you like to do and they can show you something that they like to do.  45  you 
can find new things to do.
36.A.until          B.when         C.after         D.where
 37.A.on seeing     B.to call      C.to visit      D.to look
38.A.saw            B.looked       C.read          D.found
39.A.good           B.bad          C.better        D.worse
40.A.But            B.However      C.Finally       D.So
41.A.take part      B.win          C.lose          D.join in
42.A.always         B.never        C.seldom        D.much
43.A.anything good  B.something nice C.something bad D.anything wrong
44.A.try            B.practice     C.enjoy         D.like
45.A.On the way     B.By the way   C.In a way      D.In this way
Ⅳ.阅读理解(10      分)
    Mr.Jenkins liked all kinds of delicious food. As an important officer, he was often asked to 
dinner. The shopkeepers tried their best to fawn on(巴结)him. They knew it was good for their 
business. Now the officer got fatter and fatter. He could hardly go upstairs at home and had to 
sleep downstairs. He often felt tired if he walked or did some housework. He was worried about it 
and had to go to a d octor.“Stop eating much fat(脂肪) and sugar, Mr. Jenkins,” said the 
doctor.“Or it will be worse for your health!”It was difficult for the officer to do it. He wouldn’t do 
as the doctor said. He found something was wrong with his heart a few months later. Now he 
thought the doctor was right. And he had to be in hospital.
    “You must lose weight(减肥),sir,”said the doctor,“unless you want to die soon!” “Could 
you tell me a way to lose weight, please?” “You must do some exercise first.” “Which exercise?” 
“To move your head from side to side when yo u are invited to dinner!”
46.Mr.Jenkins was often asked to dinner because     .
A.he liked the delicious food
B.he was ready to help others
C.he was friendly to the shopkeepers
D.he was helpful to their business
47.What did Mr.Jenkins do?
A.A doctor.         B.A cook.      C.A businessman.    D.An officer.
48.What happened to Mr.Jenkins after being invited?
A.He got fatter and fatter.
B.He hardly went upstairs.
C.He felt tired.
D.All above are right.
49.It was difficult for Mr.Jenkins to do everything, so      .
A.he did n’t go to dinner
B.he began to do some exercise
C.he went to ask the doctor for help
D.he had to take some medicine
50.Which of the following is true?
A.The doctor told Mr.Jenkins not to do exercise.
B.The doctor told Mr.Jenkins to move his head.
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C.The doctor told Mr.Jenkins not to go to dinner.
D.The doctor thought Mr.Jenkins would die.
Ⅴ.根据句意及首字母提示完成单词(10               分)
51.What’s the m      with you?
52.There’s something wrong with my t      .I want to see a dentist.
53.People use k      to cut things.
54.The p      on the bus helped the old man together.
55.He a      lost his life on the mountain.
56.We know the i      of English study.
57.Do n’t take r      . It’s dangerous.
58.They made a d     to visit Hainan.
59.They will go to Hainan t      .
60.You have a fever and you should take your t      .
Ⅵ.用所给单词的适当形式填空(10             分)
61.He can stay there for ten hours without      (move).


62.She was ill and had to      (go) to a doctor.[
63.You shouldn’t always think about      (you).
64.We expect      (visit) the Great Wall one day.
65.He told me      (not wait) for him.
66.They agreed      (help) each other.
67.We should give up bad      (habit).
68.It is      (importance) to study hard.
69.He can keep on      (swim) for two hours.
70.They don’t mind      (climb) the mountain.
Ⅶ.句型转换(10      分)
71.His love for mountain climbing is so great that he keeps on climbing mountains.(改为同义句)

   His love for mountain climbing is             for him      keep on climbing mountains.
72.I saw him yesterday. He was writing a letter.(合并为一句)
   I      him      a letter yesterday.
73.Many people don’t want to hel p others because they don’t want any trouble.
                                                            (就画线部分提问)

                many people want to help others?
74.He should see a dentist.(就画线部分提问)
                he      ?
Ⅷ.书面表达(15      分)
    你的朋友    Jack 由于长时间玩电脑游戏,现在头痛、眼睛不舒服、腰背酸痛,并且睡不
好觉。写一篇短文介绍一下他的情况,并给出你对他的建议。
要求:(1)内容包含所提供的信息,可适当发挥;
     (2)书写认真,句子通顺;
     (3)词数:80     词左右。
                                                                            
                                                                            
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                  UNIT 1     What’s the matter?检测题

                           听力原文及参考答案

Ⅰ.听力
(一)把你听到的建议代号写在横线上,对话读两遍。
1. M: I have a headache.
  W: You should see a doctor.
2. M: I  have a toothache.
  W: You  should see a dentist.
3. M: I have a sore throat.
  W: You should drink more water.
4. M: I fell down and hurt myself.
  W: You should go to the hospital and get an X-ray..
5. M: I have a cold and cough.
  W: You should take your temperature.
(二)听对话和问题,选择符合每个问题的正确答案,每段对话和问题读两遍。
6. W: Do you play basketball after school?
  M: No, I don’t. I play table tennis after school.
Question: What sport does he play after school?
7. W: What is your favorite food?
  M: I love vegetables. But Tom likes fish best.
Question: What is Tom’s favorite food?
8. W: What does your father do?
  M: He is a famous cook.
Question: What does his father do?
9. W: Is there anything about animals in the book?
  M: Yes, there is. It says that goldfish can only remember things for three seconds.
Question: What animal is the book about?
10. W: Don’t smoke here. Please look at the sign.
   M: Oh, sorry.
Question: What is the sign here?
(三)听对话,根据对话内容选择每个问题的最佳答案,对话和问题读两遍。
W: What’s wrong with you, young man?
M: I feel weak and I’ve got a bad headache.
W: Have you got a fever?
M: No, I have taken my temperature. It’s all right.
W: How about your sleep?
M: Terrible! I dream a lot and I always feel tired the next morning.
W: What have you been doing these days?
M: I have been playing computer games till late at night.
W: I see. You’ve done too much. Well, first you’d better not do that any more. Then relax a little, 
have a warm bath and take this medicine for a week. It will help you.
M: Thanks, doctor. Should I take it three times a day?
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W: No, just one pill is enough. Please take it half an hour before you go to bed.
M: OK. Thank you. Bye!
11. What’s wrong with the young man?
12. What has he been doing these days?
13. What does the doctor suggest?
14. How should he take the medicine?
15. What should he not do?
(四)听一段电话留言,根据其内容完成下面信息卡,每空一词,电话留言读两遍。
    Hello, Ann. This is Tony speaking. I called at around 9:00 this morning, but you were out. I 
have got two tickets to the film Tiny Times. Would you like to go with me? It begi ns at 3:20 this 
afternoon. Please come on time. I’ll wait for you at the gate of the cinema. Let’s make it 3:00.OK? 
Oh, one more, it may rain this evening, so come with your umbrella, please. See you later then.
1~5ADBCE               6~10BBAAB               11~15CABCB     16.film
17.3:20     18.gate    19.rain     20.umbrella
II.21.A rain意为“雨水”,是不可数名词。在所给的四个选项中只有too                     much可以修饰不可
        数名词,意为“太多”。
22.C    with介词,意为“具有,带有”。句意为“我父亲喜欢喝什么也不加的茶”。
23.A    look after oneself意为“照顾自己”;classmates是复数形式,故选yourselves。
24.C    句意为“你不应该犯同一种错误”。in the same way意为“同一种方式”,是固定短语。

25.D    本题考查see sb. doing sth.和see sb. do sth.。由when I passed by(当我经过的时候)可
        知,当时“他正在跑”,故用see sb. doing sth.(看见某人正在做某事)。
26.D    get off意为“下车”。
27.C    根据语境可知,应该是“刚好赶到”,故用in time(及时)。
28.D    由句意“在作决定前他经常认真思考”可知,应用think over。
29.B    由常识可知“树叶通常在秋天落下”,故选fall off(从……掉下)。
30.C    根据句意应为“用完了水”,“用完”可用run out (of)。当主语是人时,用run out of,
        故选C。
31.C    give   up“放弃”,代词作宾语时放在give和up之间。smoking是不可数名词,故用
        i t代替。
32.A    由句意判断,前句中if意为“是否”,引导宾语从句;后句中if意为“如果”,引导条
        件状语从句。宾语从句的主句是一般现在时,从句用适合句意的时态,根据从句
        的时间状语tomorrow可知,应该用一般将来时。含有条件状语从句的复合句中,
        当主句是祈使句或是一般将来时的句子时,                  if从句用一般现在时。故答案为A。
33.D    keep on doing sth.意为“继续做某事”。
34.C    从后  句句意“送往医院”判断,猫还没有死,故选dying,意为“将死的,奄奄一息
的”。
35.A    enough修饰形容词、副词时应后置,故选A。
III.36.B    根据上下文可知,“他摔伤腿时正在打篮球”。故选when。
37.C    根据句意应为“看望他”,故选to visit。
38.D    根据上下文,他通过读书发现了打篮球的好方法。“找到,发现”为find,其过去式
        为found。
39.B    根据上文知,他开始认为读书不是坏事。
40.C    finally意为“最后,终于”。
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41.D    由下文知,Stuart在伤好后,又参加篮球比赛。take                 part意为“参加”,但其后接宾
        语时必须加in; join in表示参加某项活动,符合语境,故选D。
42.A    always副词,意为“总是,一直”。
43.C    与下文something good相对,故选C项,表示“当不好的事情发生时,好的事情也有
            可能发生”。
44.A    try doing sth.意为“尝试做某事”。
45.D    根据上文,通过互相展示爱好,从别人的爱好中发现自己新的爱好。on                                   the 
        way“在路上”;by     the way“顺便说一下”;in       a  way“从某种意义上说”;in        this 
        way“用这种方式”。故D符合句意。
IV.46.D 由第一段第四句They knew it was good for their business.可知。
47.D    由第一段第二句As an important officer, he was often asked to dinner.可知。
48.D    由第一段    第五、六、七句可知,他越来越胖,几乎不能上楼了,并且做家务和步
        行都感到累,故选D。
49.C    由第一段第八句He was worried about it and had to go to a doctor.可知。
50.C    由第二段最后一句To         move your head from side to side when you are invited to 
        dinner.可知,实际上医生是在劝告他拒绝邀请。
V.51.matter     52.teeth   53.knives   54.passengers   55.almost
56.importance   57.risks   58.decision 59.themselves   60.temperature
VI.61.moving without是介词,后接动词-ing形式。
62.go       have to为情态动词,其后接动词原形。
63.yourself 句意:你不应该总想着你自己。
64.to visit expect to do sth.意为“期望做某事”。
65.not to wait  tell sb. not to do sth.意为“告诉某人不做某事”。
66.to help  agree to d o sth.意为 “同意做某事”。
67.habits   我们应该摒弃坏习惯。
68.important 由be动词is可知应用importance的形容词形式important。
69.swimming     keep on doing sth.意为“继续做某事,一直做某事”。
70.climbing     mind doing sth.意为“介意做某事”。
Ⅶ.71.gre at enough, to
72.saw, writing
73.Why don’t
74.What should, do
Ⅷ.One possible version:
    Jack is my friend. He likes playing computer games very much. He often sits in the same way 
for too long without moving. Now he has a headache, sore eyes and a sore back. He doesn’t sleep 
well at night, so he feels tired every day.
    I think he should take breaks away from the computer. He shouldn’t use the computer for a 
long time. He should do eye exercises to relax his eyes and go to bed early at night.
    I think if he has a good rest, he will feel well soon.
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