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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
                  新目标(2014           新版)       各单元知识归纳与详解

                                            Unit1

 重点短语
1.by doing sth                                       从句
2.by working with a group 通过同小组一起学习                  be afraid of sth / doing sth 害怕…
3.by making word cards 通过制作单词卡片                  25. an English movie called Toy Story 一部名叫《玩具
4.by listening to tapes 通过听录音磁带                      故事》的英文电影
5.by asking sb for help 通过向某人求助                  26. fall in love with 爱上...
6.by watching videos/ English programs 通过看录像/英   27. body language 肢体语言
    文节目                                          28. as well 也=too ;as well as 如同、和,连接主语时
7.by listening to a tape and repeating out loud      如同  with(主谓一致要看前一主语,不能相加)
  通过听录音和大声重复朗读                                   29. a piece of cake 小菜一碟;很容易的事
8.by having conversations with friends 通过和朋友一起   30. It serves you right.活该,自作自受
    会话                                           31. look up 查阅;查找(主考点)
9.by taking notes, doing exercises and reading a lot 32. so that 以便;为了
  通过记笔记、做大量的练习和阅读
                                                 33. repeat out loud 大声跟读
                               通过给笔友写电
10. by writing e-mails to my pen pals            34. sentence patterns 句型
    子邮件
                                                 35. spoken English 英语口语
                               通过读书看报
11. by reading books and newspapers              36. make mistakes in doing sth 在...方面犯错
12. by speaking English with my classmates 通过和同学
                                                     by mistake 错误地   mistake … for … 把……误认
    讲英语
                                                 为……
13. by memorizing sentence patterns 通过记句型
                                                 37. the ability to do sth 做某事的能力
14. by doing grammar exercises 通过做语法练习
                                                 38. depend on 视...而定;取决于;依靠
15. by reading English books/magazines. 通 过 阅读 英
                                                                 注意;关注
    文书籍和杂志                                       39. pay attention to
                                                 40. connect...with... 把...和...连接或联系起来
16. by writing in an English diary 通过写英文日记
                                                 41. get bored 感到厌烦
17. by using an English dictionary 通过用英语字典
                                                 42. try to do sth 尽力做某事
18. have conversations with sb 同某人谈话
                                                 43. be stressed out 焦虑不安的
19. too...to..太...而不能...---so…that…/ enough to do sth
    的转换                                          44. even if 即使
20. give a report 作报告                            45. think about 考虑;think of 想起;think over 仔细
21. at first 起初                                      考虑
22. word by word 逐词逐句地                           46. learn from 向……学习
23. the secret to language learning 学习语言的秘诀      47. something new / interesting 新事物/有趣的东西
24. be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事=be afraid that+宾语  48. be born with 天生具有
                                                 49. Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧
重点句子必背
1.The teacher spoke so quickly that I did not understand her most of the time.老师讲的如此快以致大部分时间我都理
解不了她讲的。(so…that…引导的结果状语从句)
2. Although I could not understand everything the characters said, their body language and the expressions on their
faces helped me to get the meaning. 虽然我不能领会影片中人物所说的一切,但是他们的肢体语言和脸上的表情
有助于我理解含义。(although         引导的让步状语从句,不能和            but 连用)
3. I want to learn new words and more grammar so that I can have a better understanding of English movies. 为了对英
语电影有更好的了解,我想学新单词和更多的语法。(so                      that 引导的目的状语从句---in      order to do 转换同义句)
4. Studies show that if you are interested in something, your brain is more active and it is also easier for you to pay
attention to it for a long time. 研究表明如果你对某事物感兴趣,你的大脑就更活跃,也更容易长久地专注于此。
(It is +形容词+for  sb to do sth.)
5. If they need to learn English and they like music or sports, they can listen to English songs or watch sports programs

                                               1
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
in English. 如果他们需要学习英语,而且他们喜欢音乐或者运动,他们就可以听英语歌曲,或者看英语的体育
节目。
(if 引导的条件状语从句,主情从现)
6. Even if you learn something well, you will forget it unless you use it. 即使你很好地学到了某些知识,你也会忘记
它,除非你使用它。(even         if 引导的让步状语从句;unless        引导的主将从现)
7. Learning is a lifelong journey because every day brings something new. 学习是一个终生的过程,因为每天都会出
现新事物。(because     引导的原因状语从句)
8. I was afraid to ask questions because of my poor pronunciation. 由于语音不好的缘故,我害怕提问。
9. I fell in love with this exciting and funny movie. 我一下子就喜欢上了这部既令人激动又有趣的电影。(fall—fell
---fallen)
10. I also realized I could get the meaning by listening for just the key words. 我以为意识到可以通过只听关键词来
理解含义。realized    +宾语从句(by     +动名词,划线提问用----How)
11. I discovered that listening to something interesting is the secret to language learning.我发现听感兴趣的东西是学
习语言的秘诀。(动名词短语            listening to…作主语谓语要用单数       is)
12. Everyone is born with the ability to learn.每个人生来就具有学习能力。(复合不定代词作主语谓语用单数形式)
13. But whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habits.但是,学得好与否取决于你的学习习
惯。(whether  引导主语从句,谓语要用单数)
14. Good learners often connect what they need to learn with something interesting. 优秀的学习者经常会把他们需要
学习的与有兴趣的东西联系起来。(connect              + what 引导的宾语从句,what      既引导宾从,又作        need 的宾语)    (宾
语从句三注意:连词,时态加语序)
15. Good learners think about what they are good at and what they need to practice more. 优秀的学习者会思考他们
擅长什么,他们需要更多的练习什么。(介词                   about+宾从,what  既引导宾从,又作介词          at 和及物动词    need 的宾
语)
16. Good learners will keep practicing what they have learned, and they are not afraid of making mistakes.优秀的学
习者会不断练习他们已经学过的东西,而且他们不怕犯错误。(keep                          doing sth, practice +宾从)
17. Everything that you learn becomes a part of you and changes you, so learn wisely and learn well. (that 引导定语
从句,修饰先行词        everything, 复合不定代词作主语谓语用单数形式               becomes)

                                     重点词语用法讲解+归纳
考点   1 介词  by
1.by +doing sth.----划线提问用 how
①by  reading the textbook;by asking the teacher for help
                                                    by    侧重“用”某种手段、交通工具、传递方式或媒介
②How   can I learn English well?---By reading every morning.
                                                          等
③介词    by 的其他用法:
1)by+交通工具,“乘/坐...”by       bus 乘公共汽车                with  侧重“用”有形工具、材料、内容等
2)by+地点,“在...的旁边;靠近...”by         the lake 在湖边      in    侧重“用”语言、语调、笔墨、颜色等
3)by+时间,“截止到...;不迟于...”          by ten 十点前
④常连用的短语:
by the way 顺便问一下         by accident= by chance 偶然地 by mistake 错误地           one by one 一个接一
个
step by step 一步一步地       little by little 逐渐地
by the time 到……为止         by oneself 独自地
by hand 用手               by the end of 到….... 末尾
go/pass by 通过;经过         by and by 不久以后
⑤by  与 with, in 的区别:
◆with  的用法:表示用某种工具

 (1) with +工具  We like to write with a pen.
 (2)with+人体部位     We see with our eyes.
◆in  的用法:通常与“衣着、声音、书写材料”等名称连用
  in+语言    in English 用英语  in ink 用墨水
                                               2
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
  speak in a loud voice 大声地讲 in red 穿红色的衣服
考点   2 find 的用法及搭配
①find+名词/代词+形容词(作宾补)
②find+名词/代词+现在分词(作宾补)
③find+名词/代词+不定式(作宾补)
④find+名词/代词+副词(作宾补)
⑤find+that 从句(作宾语)
⑥find+it(形式宾语)+形容词+for        sb +to do sth(作真正宾语)
⑦find out 查清楚,弄明白;       lost and found 失物招领
  I find Tom clever. 我发现 Tom 很聪明。
  I found a little boy crying at the street corner last night.
  昨晚我发现一个小男孩在街道的拐角处正在哭。
  I find him to be honest. 我发现他很老实。
  I found him out when I called him.我打电话发现他不在家。
  I found that he was very brave. 我发现他很勇敢。
  I find it difficult (for Lily) to learn math well.我发现学好数学很难。=I find that it is difficult for Lily to learn math
  well.
考点   3 What about = How about +名词/宾格代词+doing?
            用于提建议的句型有:
①What  about doing sth ?=How about doing sth? ….怎么样?
②Why   don’t you do sth?= Why not do sth? 为什么不呢?
③Let’s do sth.让我们一起做某事吧。
④Shall we/I do sth?我们做…好吗?
⑤had  better do/not do sth 最好做/不做某事
⑥Will/Would you please do sth 请你做…好吗?
⑦Would  you like to do sth? 你想去做某事吗?
⑧Would  you mind doing sth?你介意做某事吗?
【回答】
(1). 同意对方的建议时,一般用:
 ◆  Good idea./ That’s a good idea. 好主意
 ◆  OK/ All right./ Great 好/ 行/太好了
 ◆  Yes, please ./ I’d love to 是的/ 我愿意
 ◆  I agree with you 我同意你的看法
 ◆  No problem 没问题
 ◆  Sure/ Of course/ Certainly 当然可以
 ◆  Yes, I think so 对,我也这样想
(2).对对方的帮助或要求表示委婉谢绝时,一般用:
 ◆  I don’t think so 我认为不是这样
 ◆  Sorry, I can’t 对不起,我不能
 ◆  I’d love to, but…
 ◆  I’m afraid…我愿意,但恐怕……
考点   4 单元中的状语从句
☆so/ such…that 引导的结果状语从句句型有:
①so  +形容词/副词+that    从句
②so+形容词+     a / an +单数名词+that 从句=
③such+ a / an + (形容词)+单数名词+that       从句
④such + (形容词)+复数名词          / 不可数名词     + that 从句
She is so lovely a girl that we love her very much.=
She is such a lovely girly that we love her very much.
她是一个这么可爱的女孩,以至于我们都喜欢她。
㊣当名词前有       many ,much, few, little 修饰时,用 so 而不用 such

                                               3
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
 所以有    so many /few+复数名词;so    much/little +不可数名词
㊣so…that  句型的否定形式可用         too…to do sth 或 not…enough to do sth 化成简单句
He is so young that he can’t go to school.=
He is too young to go to school.=
He is not old enough to go to school.他太小而不能上学。
☆   so that 引导的目的状语从句
①so  that =in order that +主语+may/ might/can/could/ will/would+动词原形+其他
I want to learn new words and more grammar so that I can have a better understanding of English movies.
我要学习生词和更多的语法,以便我能更好的理解英文电影。
He must get up early so that he can catch the early bus.
他必须早起以便能赶上早班公共汽车。
②当主从句主语一致时,可用             so as to /in order to do sth 转换同义句 注意:so as to 不用于句首
=He must get up early in order to catch the early bus.
☆although/though , even if /even though , no matter+特殊疑问词=特殊疑问词+ever 引导的让步状语从句
①让步状语从句        从句可放在句首,也可置于句末。although=              though 不能与  but 连用,“尽管,虽然”
Although / Though his father is very old, he is quite strong.
尽管他的父亲年纪大了,但身体还很强壮。=
His father is very old, but he is quite strong.
②even if =even though “即使”也不能与      but 连用。
Even if you say so , I do not believe it.即使你那么说了,但我还是不相信它。
☆whatever= no matter what 无论什么(理解疑问代词/副词)
  whoever=no matter who 无论谁
  however=no matter how 无论如何
  wherever=no matter where 无论哪里
  whenever=no matter when 无论何时
Wherever you go , I will go with you.无论你去哪里,我都会跟着你。=       No matter you go,…
Whatever he said, I couldn’t believe in him. 无论他说什么,我都不信任他。=    No matter what,…
☆if 或 unless 引导的条件状语从句
①Even  if you learn something well, you will forget it unless you use it.即使是你学得好的东西,如果你不使用,就
会忘记。
②  If they need to learn English and they like music or sports, they can listen to English songs or watch sports
programs in English . 如果他们需要学习英语,而且他们喜欢音乐或者运动,他们就可以听英语歌曲,或者看英
语的体育节目
考点   5 动词不定式符号       to 与介词  to 的区别
 1  need to do sth 需要做某事
 2  be afraid to do sth 害怕干某事
 3  help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人干某事
 4  want to do sth 想要干什么
 5  enough to do 足以干某事
 6  too…to do sth 太……而不能干某事
 7  try to do sth 尽力干某事
 8  find it +形容词+to do sth 发现干什么是怎么样的(真正宾语)
 9  It is +形容词+to do sth .干什么是怎么样的。       (真正主语)
 10 特殊疑问词+to     do .---how to increase my reading speed.
 11 get sb to do sth 让某人做某事
 12 be born with the ability to learn 天生具有的学习能力
 13 the best way to do sth= the best way of doing sth 做某事最好的方法
 14 the secret to +名词 …的秘诀
 15 pay attention to +名词/ doing 注意什么/干什么
    make a difference to …对……有影响
    be/get used to doing 习惯于干什么
    make a contribution to 对……有贡献
                                               4
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
    look forward to doing 期望干什么
考点   6.动名词考查:
 1  practice doing sth 练习干某事
 2  keep doing sth 一直干某事
 3  miss doing sth 思念干某事
 4  mind doing sth 介意干某事
 5  enjoy doing sth 喜欢干某事
 6  finish doing sth 完成某事
 7  feel like doing sth 想要干某事
 8  be busy doing sth 忙于干某事
 9  can’t help doing sth 情不自禁地干某事
 10 have fun doing sth 在干某事方面玩的愉快
 11 have trouble (in) doing sth 在干某事方面有困难
 12 give up doing sth 放弃干某事
 13 put off doing sth 推迟,延期干某事
 14 by doing sth ; be afraid of doing ; make a mistake in doing ;
动名词中考中主要考查:及物动词后;介词后;和固定短语搭配的动名词;作主语的动名词,其作主语谓语要
用单数形式。
考点   7 本单元易混淆的词和短语总结:
⑴四看区分:
①看电视、看比赛、看表演用             watch; watch TV 看电视
②看书、看报、看杂志用           read     read the book 看书
③看电影、看医生用         see, see a movie see the doctor 看医生
④看黑板、看地图用         look at   look at the blackboard 看黑板
⑵look 常搭配短语区分:
①look up 查找(跟代词作宾语,代词放中间)
②look after 照顾  =take care of
③look like 看起来像    =be like=be similar to
④look out 当心,小心=be     careful
⑤look through 浏览
⑥look for 寻找
⑦look forward to 期待
⑧look around 向四周看=look   about
⑨have/ take a look 看一看
⑩look over 仔细检查
⑶speak/talk/say/tell 四说区分:
①说某种语言用       speak,   speak English 说英语
②与某人交谈用       talk,  talk with sb.= talk to sb. 与某人交谈
③强调说话内容用        say,   say it in English 用英语说
④告诉某人用       tell,  tell sb. to do sth 告诉某人做某事
⑷think  短语区分:
 1  think about 想起,考虑
 2  think of 想到,认为   what…think of =how …like /feel about
 3  think over 仔细考虑
 4  think up 想出来  =come up with 想出,提出
⑸try 短语区分:
 1  try on 试穿
 2  try to do sth 努力做某事  【侧重尽力做】
 3  try doing sth 试图做某事  【侧重尝试做】
 4  try one’s best to do sth= do one’s best to do sth 尽某人最大努力做某事
 5  have a try 试一试
                                               5
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
⑹come  短语区分:
 1  come from 来自=be from
 2  come back 回来
 3  come out 出来,主考【出版,发行】无被动结构
 4  come on 加油,快点
 5  come in 进来
 6  come over to sp 顺便来访某地—drop   in on sb 顺便拜访某人=drop    by sb
 7  come true 实现 (主语常是梦想)
 8  come up with 想出
⑺need  用法总结:
 1  人做主语,sb.    need to do sth 某人需要做某事
 2  物做主语,sth    need doing sth= sth need to be done
◆Students need __________(have) a good rest in studying.
◆The  watch needs___________(mend).
③用于否定句或疑问句,是情态动词
◆needn’t = don’t have to 没有必要
◆need ,must 引导的一般疑问句,肯定会的用             must,否定回答用     need 用 may not; must 用 needn’t.
  —  MustI go there now?
 —   Yes,you must /  No, you needn’t
 —   Need I go home now?
 —   Yes, you must. / No, you may not.
You ____ to the meeting this afternoon if you have something important to do.
A. needn’t to come  B. don’t need come
C. don’t need coming D. needn’t come
④作名词,意为需要。
◆A  friend in need is a friend in deed.患难朋友才是真朋友
 【患难见真情】
◆There is no need to do sth. =It is unnecessary to do sth.没有必要做某事
◆There is no need doing sth .干什么没必要。
⑻join / join in / take part in 区分:
①  join=be a member of 参加 ,指加入某种组织,并成为其中的一员。
  join the army / party 入伍/ 党 join the club 加入俱乐部
②join in 后接活动名称
③join sb. 加入到某个人群之中
④take part in 参加 ,指加入群体活动中并在活动中发挥重要作用。
⑼mistake 用法总结:分名词和动词
 1  mistake →mistook → mistaken v 错误
 2  make mistakes 出错
 3  make mistakes in 在某方面放错
 4  mistake …for… 把…误认为…
 5  by mistake 错误地
【记】Yesterday   I ____________(出错误),I_________   Mr. Wang ___ Mr. Zhang(把……误认为),and     said hello
       to Mr. Wang ___________(错误地).
(  ) My brother often makes mistakes _____ grammar.
    A. of  B. by  C. at  D. in
(  ) He often ____ mistakes in spelling.
    A. takes B. makes   C. has
⑽learn 用法总结:
①learn→learned/learnt→learned/learnt v 学习---learner 初学者
②learn about 了解
③learn from sb. 向某人学习

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
④learn to do sth 学着做某事
⑤learn …by oneself= teach oneself 自学
◆We  should _________ ________ the hard- working students.(向……学习)
◆We  should learn____ each other.
A. about     B. from    C. to  D. for
⑾call 用法总结:
①call sb.=telephone sb. =phone sb. =give sb. a call =ring sb. up 给某人打电话
②call on sb. 拜访某人
③called=named 叫做(作后置定语)          a boy called Tom
 with the name of= called = named 名叫……
◆That’s the girl named/called Lily.
= That’s the girl ___ ____ ____ Lily.
◆A  girl called / named Lily called me last night.
         后置定语         谓语动词
  昨晚一个名叫莉莉的女孩给我打电话了。
⑿speak  用法总结:
 1  speak→ spoke → spoken v 说
 2  spoken English 英语口语
 3  written English 书面英语
 4  speaking skills /practice 口语技巧/口语练习
 5  an English-speaking country 一个说英语的国家
【注】部分动词的过去分词也可做该词的形容词:
spoken 口语的      broken 坏掉的    written 写作的
Reading aloud is good for your _____________(speak) English.
⒀不定式作后置定语时,是否带介词:
 1  I don’t have a partner to practice English with.
 2  I need a pen to write with.
 3  I need some paper to write on.
 4  There is no room for us to live(in).
◆   如果不定式符号       to 后的不及物动词修饰名词          place, time, way, moment 时,可以省掉不定式不及物动词后的
    介词。
◆   如果不定式后的及物动词和所修饰的名词构不成动宾关系时,需给及物动词匹配一个适当的介词,让介词跟
    修饰的名词构成介宾关系。
⒁aloud / loud/ loudly 区分:
①aloud adv,“大声地;出声地”,多指使别人听到的意味,常与                     read 连用
②loud adj、adv。作   adv 时,“高声地;响亮地;大声地”,常放于                speak、talk、laugh、sing 之后,多用比较级
 3  loudly“高声地”,有时与       loud 通用。但含有“喧闹”的意味。在用与比较级或最高级时,通常用                           loud 而不
    用 loudly
◆Reading aloud is different from reading loudly.朗读课文与大声地读课文是有区别的。
◆Don’t talk so loud.不要那么高声的谈话。
◆in a loud voice 高声地
◆Speak  louder, please. I can’t hear you clearly.
◆He  does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public.
①  What about ____________(大声读) to practice your spoken English?
②  The  boys are talking____ in the class and it makes the teacher unhappy.
  A. aloud  B. loudly C. louder D. loud
③  Don’t speak so ___, my boys, I’ll read ___ a story to you.
   A. loudly; aloud B. loudly; loudly
   C. aloud; loudly D. loud; loudly
⒂discover/invent 的区别:
①discover:指“发现”原本存在但一直不为人知的东西

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
②invent:“发明”出的新的,原本并不存在的东西
◆   Recently they _____ gold in this area.(discovered)
◆   Edison ______ the electric light bulb. (invented)
◆   Columbus ______America.(discovered)
⒃Creating an interest in what they learn 创造对所学内容的兴趣。interest    为可数名词
 1  人 be interested in 对……感兴趣【形容词】
 2  物  be interesting 某物令某人感兴趣【形容词】
 3  物  interest(s) sb 使某人感兴趣【动词】
 4  人 take an interest in 对……产生兴趣【名词】
 5  人 show an interest in 表现出对……的兴趣【名词】
 6  an interesting film / man 一部有趣的电影/一个有兴趣的人
 Tom is interested in this film. Tom 对这部电影感兴趣。
=This film is very interesting. 这部电影是非常有趣的。
=This film interests Tom. 这部电影使 Tom 感兴趣。
=Tom  takes an interest in this film. Tom 对这部电影产生浓厚的兴趣
=Tom  shows an interest in this film. Tom 对这部电影表示出兴趣。
=This is an interesting film. 这是一部有趣的电影。
 ※create 创造   creative 富有创造性的。
⒄get+宾语+宾补
①get sb / sth + 形容词   使某人或某物处于某种状态
 I can’t get the pronunciation right.我不能正确发音。
②get sb /sth. +to do sth. 让某人或某物干某事
You should get your friend to help you.你应该让你的朋友帮助你
③get sb / sth + doing sth.使某人或某物一直干什么。
 You must get the machine running all the time.你必须让机器一直运行。
④get sb /sth. + 过去分词  使某事发生
 This letter is very important, you mustn’t get it lost.
 这份信特别重要,你绝不能搞丢了。
⒅the + 比较级,     the + 比较级。越……就越……
◆  The more you read, the faster you’ll be. 你读的越多就读的越快
◆  The more , the better. 多多益善。
  比较级+and+比较级        越来越……
◆Our  hometown is becoming more and more beautifu.
  我们的家乡变得越来越美丽。
◆It’s getting warmer and warmer in spring.
  春天,天气变得越来越暖和。
⒆四“也”的区分:also,           too,  as well, either
①also 比 too 正式一些,语气较重,只用于肯定句,一般紧靠动词。
②too 语气较轻,多用于口语,在肯定句中使用,通常位于句末。
③as well 一般不用否定句,通常放在句末强调时可放在句中。
④either 用于否定句,放在句末,之前加逗号
◆   If he doesn’t go, I won’t go ______.
◆   In this field he has knowledge and experience _______.
◆   Simon likes playing football, and he ______ likes playing basketball.
◆   He likes swimming, and his wife likes it, _______.
⒇单元中几个值得注意的词:
 1  注重拼写    pronunciation 发音 (名词)--pronounce(动词)
◆Please tell me how to ____________(pronunciation) the word.
◆What’s the ____________(pronounce) of the word “text”?
 2  兼类词    patience 耐心(名词)---patient(1)有耐心的(形容词)(2)病人(名词)学习中主要区分
    be patient with sb 对某人有耐心  be patient of 忍耐某事

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
    The doctor should be patient with the patients.
    医生应当对病人有耐心。
 3  understand 理解(动词)---understanding 认识,了解(名词);宽容的,善解人意的(形容词)
 4  increase 增加;增多(可作及物与不及物)注重时态的应用。
 5  active 积极的,有活力的(形容词)take          an active part in 积极参加……
 6  connect 连接---connect to / with…把……和……连接
 7  音同词不同:whether     是否;weather   天气
考点   8:习语熟记:
 1  Practice makes perfect.熟能生巧
 2  Use it or lose it. 非用即失。
 3  Knowledge comes from questioning.知识源自质疑。
 4  It’s a piece of cake. 小菜一碟。
 5  It serves you right.活该,自作自受。
 6  The more , the better. 多多益善。
 7  It’s never too old to learn. 活到老学到老。
考点   9Whether or not 引导的主语从句和宾语从句。
whether or not you can do this well depends on your learning habits. 你是否能做好这件事取决于你的学习习惯。
①此句中     whether or not you can do it well 是个从句,用作整个句子的主语。这种从句叫作“主语从句”
②whether or not 是英语从句的一个连词结构,意思和功能相当于                   whether, 表示“是否”,常出现在宾语从句,主
  语从句中。使用时,也可把            whether 和 or not 分开,or not 放到句尾。
  例如:I  can’t tell whether or not the teacher likes me.
  也可以写成:     I can’t tell whether the teacher likes me or not.
③主语从句做主语谓语也要用单数形式。所连接的句子要用陈述语序。
考点   10 it 的形式主语和形式宾语
 1  It is + difficult/ hard / easy / important / necessary + for sb to do sth. 干某事对某人来说是怎么样的。
 2  It is + kind / good / nice / clever of sb to do sth.
 3  find / feel / think+ it + 形容词+ to do sth.发现、感到、认为干……是怎么样的
◆   It is useful for you to learn English well.
◆   It’s too hard to understand spoken English. 听懂英语口语太难了。
◆   It is important for us to protect the environment .
◆   It’s very kind of you to help me.你帮助我真是太好了。
◆   Why did Wei Fen find it difficult to learn English?为什么魏芬发现英语难学。
考点   11 some time /sometime/some times/sometimes
口诀:分开是一段,相连某时;分开            s 是倍次,相连    s 是有时
①some  time 一段时间,做时间状语
  It takes sb. some time to do sth. 做某事花费某人多长时间
②sometime adv 在(将来的)某个时候
  I hope to visit the USA _____ in the future.
  A. sometimes B. some times C. sometime D. some time
③some  times 名词词组,“几次,几倍”
  Mr. Green went to Sanya some times last summer.
④sometimes=at times 有时  (一般现在时的标志词)
  I do that sometimes . I think it helps.
考点   12 –ed 与-ing 式形容词区分
①excited / exciting –be excited about 对……感到兴奋
②interested/interesting—be interested in 对……感兴趣
③surprised/surprising—be surprised at 对……感到惊讶
④relaxed/relaxing—be relaxed about 对……感到轻松
  以—ing  结尾的    adj. 常用来作表语,修饰物。
  以—ed  结尾的    adj.用来表示情绪,常做表语,修饰人
  作定语,除      surprise 外,一律用-ing    形式。

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
 ◆We  are         about the ________news .(excite)
 ◆—What   _____ news!  --Yes. We are all _____ about it.
 A. exciting; exciting B. excited; excited C. exciting; excited
 ◆This TV show is too ____. I’d rather listen to music.
    A. fantastic B. exciting C. boring D. interesting.
 ◆We  had a surprise party for Bob’s birthday last night.

                                           Unit2
词组必背
1.  give a personal reaction 给出个人反应              23. each other      彼此互相
2.  the Water Festival`     泼水节                  24. a time for doing    …..的时候
3.  the Dragon Boat Festiva 龙舟节                  25. wash away           洗掉…
4.  the Spring Festival     春节                   26. (have)good  luck    (有)好运
5.  the Lantern Festival    灯笼节                  27. a full moon         满月
6.  in Thailand/Hong Kong/Beijing 在泰国/香港/北京      28. enjoy mooncakes.    品尝月饼
7.  What a great day!       多么美好的一天!             29. for centuries       好几世纪
8.  a little/ a bit/ a little bit 一点             30. in the shape of     呈/以……的形状
9.  visit relatives/friends/classmates           31. carry sth to sb     把…带给…
   看望亲戚/朋友/同学                                    32. traditional folk stories 传统的民间故事
9.  eat out/ go out for dinner 出去吃饭              33. the story of…       …的故事
10. in June                 在六月                  34. the most touching   最令人感动的
11. on the /one’s vacation  在(某人的)假期             35. shoot down          射掉
12. eat five meals a day 一天吃五餐                   36. give sb. sth./give sth. to sb. 给某人某物
13. be fun to watch 看着很有意思                       37. thank sb.(for doing sth.)(为做某事)感谢某人
14. put on              增加(体重)/发胖/穿上               thank sb. by doing sth.(通过做)感谢某人
15. 在两周以后           in two weeks(将来时)            38.  plan to do sth 计划做…
                    after two weeks (过去时)        39. try to steal 设法偷
                    after +点(将来时或过去式)            40. be not home 不在家
16.  sound like+n 或句子       听起来像…                41. refuse to do sth 拒绝做…
17. the hottest month of the year 一年最热的月         42. fly up to 飘向…
18. from …to…               从…到…                 43. call out one’s name to…对…喊出
19. be similar to/ be the same as 和…相似           44. lay out sth in /on /at 摆开/布置
20. the time of…            的时间                  45. come back/ be back/ get back 回来
21. in /on the street   在街道上                     46. the tradition of………的传统
22.  throw sth to sb / sp 把某物扔给某人/某地             47.  admire the moon 赏月
    throw sth at(带情感)把某物向某人扔去                    48. as a result 结果

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
49. one …the other…一个……另一个……                     77. make (more) money 挣(更多)钱
50. the second Sunday of May 五月第二个星期             78. used to do sth.过去常常…
51. the third Sunday of June 六月第三个星期天            79. be punished 受到惩罚
52. Mother’s Day/Father’s Day 母亲节/父亲节            80. punish sb. with/by…处某人以…
53. give gifts to sb 给…礼物                        81. punish sb. for…因…而处罚某人
54. take sb out for dinner/lunch 带…出去吃饭          82. warn sb. to do 告诫…去做…
55. more and more popular 越来越受欢迎                 83. warn sb. about sth.提醒…要注意…
56. show our love 展示/表达我们的爱                      84.  warn sb. not to do 警告…不要做…
57. spend a lot of money 花很多的钱                   85. end up 最终成为
58. help (to) do sth/help with sth 帮助…做…         86. expect sb. to do sth.期待…做…
59. dress up 打扮/装扮                               87. take back…带回到…
60. dress up as a sb 装扮成卡通人物                     88. take sb back to sp 把…带回到…
61. trick and treat 不招待就使坏                       89. remind sb of sth/ sb 使…想起…
62. look scary 看上去吓人/可怕                          90. remind sb to do sth 提醒某人做…
63. turn off/on/up/down 关上/打开/调高/调低              91. wake up 醒来
64. put sth. around …把……放在…..周围                  92. find out 查明/弄清情况
65. ask for…寻求……                                 93. decide to do sth 决定做…
66. play a trick /a joke on ab.开某人玩笑             94. change one’s life 改变…的生活
67. learn about 了解                               95. promise to do sth 承诺做…
68. in North America 在北美                         96. in need 真需要
69. give sb. a treat 给某人款待                       97. treat sb with +adj…对待…
70. think of 考虑                                  98. the beginning of…的开端
71. the true meaning of……的真正意义                   99. give birth to life
72. the importance of doing sth.……的重要性           100. a symbol of 产生新生命    …的象征
73. the best example(of )(….的)最好的例子              101. not only … but (also)不但…而且
74. only think about oneself 只想着自己               102. as a result 结果
75. treat others nicely 对别人友好                    Christmas Eve圣诞节前夕
76. care about 关心/关注

二、重点句型
1. I think that they’ re fun to watch.
我认为它们看着很有意思。
2. What do you like about.. . ?
What do you like best about the Dragon Boat Festival?
关于端午节,你最喜欢什么?
3. What a great day!
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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
多么美好的一天!
4 .1 wonder if...
I wonder if it’ s similar to the Water Festival of the
Dai people in Yunnan Province.
我想知道它是否与云南傣族的泼水节相似。
5. How+adj. /adv. + 主 + 谓!
How  fantastic the dragon boat teams were!龙舟队多棒啊!
6. What do/does+sb. + think of sth. ?
What does Wu Yu think of this festival?
吴宇觉得这个节日怎么样?
8. It’s my favorite festival because...
它是我最喜欢的节日,因为……
三、   交际用语
1. —What did you like best?
你最喜欢什么?
—I loved the races! But I guess it was a little too crowded.
我最喜欢(龙舟)比赛!但是我觉得会有点儿太拥挤了。
2. What did you do on your vacation?
你在假期里都干了些什么?
3. I guess the food was d elicious, right?
我猜那食物很好吃,对吗?
4. Yes,I think so.
是的,我觉得是这样的。
5. Cool! But why do they do that?
太酷了!但是他们为什么要那么做?
6. 一What do you like most about this festival?
关于这个节日,你最喜欢的是什么?
—I think it’ s fun to dress up as cartoon characters!
我觉得打扮成卡通人物很有趣!
7. What fun the Water Festival is!
泼水节多么有意思啊!
8. Why do you like it so much?你为什么那么喜欢它?
四、重点句子分析
1.I’m going to Chiang Mai in two weeks.两周后我要去清迈。
(1)go/come/leave/start/fly 等表示位置移动的动词,常用这些动词的现在进行时表示将要发生的动作。

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
   Jim is going boating this afternoon. Are they all coming tomorrow?
(2)in  two weeks 两周后,表示将来的时间,常用             how soon 来对其提问。
  ---How soon will the dinner be ready? ---In ten minutes.
 例:这艘船不久就要起航开往纽约了。
  The ship______ _______ _______New York soon. (is leaving for)
2.I wonder if it’s similar to the Water Festival of the Dai people in Yunnan Province.
  我想知道它是否类似于云南傣族的泼水节。
 be similar to...与。。。相似
 His problem is similar to yours.
3.Yes, I think so.是的,我认为是这样。
在口语中,常用       so 代替上文讲到的内容,尤其是上文内容在下文中以宾语从句形式出现时。如果在下文被替代
者为否定含义的宾语从句,常用“否定句+so”或直接用                    not 代替。
 ---Do you think it will rain? ---Yes, I think so./ No, I don’t think so.
 例:---Are  you sure you can do well in today’s test, Lucy?
  ---_______.I’ve got everything ready.
  A .It’s hard to say B. I’m afraid not C.I think so D.I hope not
4.Then,you’ll have good luck in the new year. 然后,你将在新的一年里有好运气。
 短语   have good luck 意为“有好运气”
  Nobody can always have good luck.
归纳拓展:Good      luck!意为“祝你好运!”,用于对别人的祝福。
   ---I’ll take part in the boys’ 200-meter race this afternoon! ---Good luck!
5.Chinese poeple have been celebrating Mid-Autumn Festival and enjoying mooncakes for centuries.
  中国   人庆祝中秋节、吃月饼已经有几个世纪了。
enjoy 常用作及物动词,意思是“喜欢,享受。。。的乐趣”。现将其用法简述如下:
     1  enjoy 后接名词或代词      Do you enjoy the film?
     2  enjoy 后接动词-ing  形式    I enjoy listening to light music.
     3  enjoy 后接反身代词     oneself,构成固定搭配,意为“过得愉快,玩得高兴”,相当于                    have a good time.
      ---Did you enjoy yourself at the party?
      ---I enjoyed myself very much at the party.
例:We   know that she enjoys_________films very much.
   A.watch      B.watches    C.watching    D.to watch
6. Hou Yi was so sad that he called out her name to the moon every night.后羿非常伤心,他每天晚上对着月亮大喊
她的名字。
so...that...意为“如此。。。以至于。。。”,引导表示结果的状语从句。so                    是副词,用以修饰其后的形容词或副
词,说明其程度的大小。

                                               13
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
  She is so lucky that she always wins at cards.
“so...that...”句型中的 that 在口语中常可以省略,其意思不变。
   The story was so fuuny that it made everybody laugh.
 该句型中的“so+adj./adv.”可以提至句首,以加强语气,但要注意用倒装语气。
例:改为同义句
 The box is so heavy that we can’t carry it.
=The box is _________ heavy for us________ carry.
7.Marley used to be just like Scrooge, so he was punished after he died.
 马利曾经就像斯克鲁奇一样,所以他死后被惩罚。
(1)used  to 意为“曾经,过去常常”,表示与现在比较,这种动作已经成为过去的事实,现在已经不再这样了。
There used to be an old house near the river.
(2)just  like 正如,就像
  That baby looks just like her father!
8.This holiday is always on a Sunday between March 22nd and April 25th.
 这个节日总是在       3 月 22 日至  4 月 25 日之间的一个周日。
Between 介词,(表示位置)在。。。中间;介于。。。之间;
             (表示时间)在。。。之间,在。。。中间。
  I’m usually free between Tuesday and Friday.
易混辨析:between     与 among
     1  among 指三者或三者以上之间,其宾语通常是一个表示笼统数量或具有复数(或集合)意义的名词或
代词。
     They hid themselves among the trees.
     2  betweeen 主要指两者之间,其宾语往往是表示两者的名词或代词,或者是有                           and 连接的两个人或物。
     There was a fight between the two boys.
     3  between 还可以用来指三个或三个          以上的人或物的每两个之间。三个三个以上的名词用                       and 连接,前
面用   between,而不用   among。
      Switzerland lies between France, Germany, Austria and Italy.
       瑞士位于法国、德国、奥地利、意大利之间。

     4  among 还看了用来表示一个比较的范围,常与最高级连用。
      She is the tallest among the classmates.
9.Not only do people spread them around in different hiding places for an egg hunt, but they also give out these treats as
gifts.
  人们不禁会把鸡蛋分散地藏在不同的地方来玩寻蛋游戏,而且还会把它们作为礼物分发出去。
not only...but also...是一个并列连词,在句中连接两个并列对等的成分。
  She not only plays well ,but (also) writes music.

                                               14
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
  We  go there not only in winter, but also in summer.
在使用    not only...but also...时还应注意以下几点:
     1  当 not only...but also...连接两个主语时,谓语动词的数原则上与其临近的主语保持一致。
       Not only you but also he is wrong.
     2  为了强调,可将       not only 置于句首,此时其后的句子通常要用部分倒装形式。
    Not only do they need clothes, but they are also short of water.
五、重点语法
【例句】
①I wonder if they’ll have the races again next year.
②Jim  thought (that) his brother did well in all his lessons.
③  I don’t believe (that) they will come here.
④  He told us that he felt ill yesterday.
⑤Our  teacher told us that the sun sets in the west.
【点拨】
在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫宾语从句,含有宾语从句的复合句结构为:主句                                 + 连接词   +
宾语从句,连接词有         that, if, whether 等。
★  that 引导的宾语从句通常由陈述句转化而来,that               无意义,在口语或非正式文体中常被省略。
★  think, say, hear, hope, tell, agree, know 等动词后常跟 that 引导的宾语从句,如例句②。
★  宾语从句的否定转移:
think, believe, suppose, expect 等动词后的宾语从句要表达否定意义时,通常将从句的否定转移到主句中,如例句
③。
★  宾语从句的时态:
若主句为一般现在时,从句的谓语动词可根据具体情况选用相应的时态;若主句为一般过去时,从句通常要用
过去时态,如例句④;若从句表达的是客观事实、普遍真理或自然现象等,从句的谓语动词通常用一般现在时,
如例句⑤。
【练一练】      把下列句子转换成含有宾语从句的复合句。
 1. Tony says. His parents want him to be a teacher in the future.
      ____________________________________
 2. Father was pleased. His daughter had passed the exams.
      ____________________________________
 3. I told him. I like playing football after school.
      ____________________________________
 4. My brother told me. Taiwan Island is the biggest one in China.
      ____________________________________
 5. I think so. He won’t come to the concert tomorrow.

                                               15
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
      ____________________________________
Keys:
 1. Tony says that his parents want him to be a teacher in the future.
 2. Father was pleased that his daughter had passed the exams.
 3. I told him that I liked playing football after school.
 4. My brother told me that Taiwan Island is the biggest one in China.
 5. I don’t think he will come to the concert tomorrow.
六、重点难点全解
一、由    that,if 和 whether 引导的宾语从句
1.由陈述句充当宾语从句时,这个宾语从句由                  that 引导,在口语中      that 可以省略。
 I hear(that) she’s going to give you a call.
注意:(1)宾语从句要用陈述句语序。
  I believe that she has left the city.
 (2)如果主句是一般过去时,从句则只能用相应的过去时态(一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时)。
  I said that it was time we were setting out.
 (3)如果宾语从句所陈述的是客观真理、自然现象或公式、定理、谚语、名人名言等,则用一般现在时。
  He said that light travels faster than sound.
2.由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时,该从句由                 if/whether 引导,且从句要用陈述句语序。
  He asked if/whether they needed any help.
温馨提示:
   if 和 whether 引导的宾语从句时,一般情况下可以互换,但要注意下列情况:
(1)宾语从句至句首时用         whether。Whether it is true or not,I can’t say.
(2)介词后用    whether .It depends on whether you can do the work well.
(3)与不定式连用      whether。He can’t decide whether to accept or refuse.
(4)当与  or not 连用时用  whether。
    I don’t care whether or not he comes.
二、what   和 how 引导的感叹句
1.感叹句句型结构
(1)what  引导的感叹句的中心词时名词。该名词前常有形容词修饰,句中的主语和谓语一般可省去。句型结构
为:what(+a/an)+形容词+名词(主语+谓语)!
   What a cold day(it is) today! What delicious food(it is)!
What 引导感叹句中的名词若为单数可数名词,要用不定冠词                       a/an,而不用   the;若为复数或不可数名词,则不用
冠词。
(2)how   引导的感叹句的中心词时形容词或副词。其句型结构为:how+形容词/副词+主语+谓语!或                                  how+形容
词+a/an+单数可数名词+主语+谓语!

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
  How  cold it is today! How happy the children are!
2.陈述句改为感叹句常使用“一断二加三换位”的方法:
(1)“一断”,即在谓语动词后边断开,把句子分成两部分
   She is~a beautiful girl. He works ~hard.
(2)“二加”,即如果第二部分的第一个词为形容词、副词,就加上                        how;如果是名词(词组),就加上              what。
   She is~(what)a beautiful girl.  He works ~(how) hard.
(3)“三换位”,即把第一部分与第二部分互换位置,同时把句号换为感叹句。
  What a beautiful girl she is! How hard he works!
六、易错易混全解
1.like,love 与 enjoy
 (1)like 作动词时意为“喜欢,爱好”,指感到满意、产生兴趣等。                      Tom  likes flying kites.
   like 作介词时,其意思为“像。。。”              Kate’s hat looks like a cat.
 (2)love 作动词时意为“喜欢,爱好”,着重强调强烈的感情、亲密的依恋、常用于祖国、亲人或异性等方面;用
于物时,指非常喜爱,近乎嗜好的程度。
     She doesn’t love you,and she loves only your money.
  love 表达的喜欢程度比       like 深,这两个词的宾语除了用名词或代词外,还可以用不定式或动名词。
     Children often love to play this game.
(3)enjoy 作“喜欢”讲时,后接名词、代词、动名词作宾语,但不能接动词的不定式。Are                            you enjoying living here?
Did you enjoy yourself at the party?
2.bring,carry,fetch 与 take
    (1)bring 表示“拿来,带来”,指从别处把某物带来。它表示单程,与                      take 的方向相反。This    little girl brought
me here.
(2)carry 表示“携带,搬运”,有“负担”的含义,它指从一地到另一地的运动,但不说明动作的方向。
   The box is too heavy for me to carry.
(3)fetch 表示“去取来,去请来”,指到别处去把某物取来,或把某人接来。它表示往返,指双程。
He rushed home to fetch his raincoat. Run and fetch the doctor, please .
(4)take 表示“拿走,带走”,指把某物从说话者所在地拿走,或把人带走。它指单程,与                               bring 的方向相反。
   Take the letter to the post office.
   I want to take some books to the classroom. Could you help me, please

                                    九年级英语上           Unit3

一、词汇、短语                                          3.  买一双鞋        get/buy a pair of shoes
1.  买一些杂志/邮票         get/buy some magazines      4.  买一份报纸     buy a newspaper
2.  获取一些有关小镇的信息                                  5.  买一本字典     buy a dictionary
   get some information about the town           6.  买一些有票     buy some stamps
                                               17
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
7.  吃饭        have dinner                        37. 最近的银行          the nearest bank
8.  怎样到达…       how to get to sp                 38. 寄信            mail a letter
9.  沿着          go along/ go down                39. 在购物中心        in the shopping center
10. 在银行的旁边      beside the bank                  40. 寻求帮助           ask for help
11. 在右边         on the right/left                41. 怎样有礼貌的寻求帮         how to ask for help politely
12. 在某人的右边       on one’ s right                 42. 学会怎样才是礼貌的         learn how to be polite
13. 去三楼         go to the third floor            43. 在不同的情况         in different situations
14. 向左转            turn left/ right              44. 使 用 恰  当 的 语  言    use the suitable/right/proper
15. 在…之间           between …and…                     language
16. 走过书店             go past the bookstore       45. 立足于以…为根据        base on
17. 做…激动           be excited to do sth.         46. 取决于/依靠         depend on
18. 从/以…开始         start/ begin with             47. 引入一个请求        lead in to a request
19. 不必匆忙           not need to rush              48. 停车  park one’ s car
20. 有……独特之处       be special about.. .           49. 一个地下停车库       an underground parking lot
21. 加油   , 过来       come  on                     50. 换钱  change money
22. 休息室           a room for resting             51. 去.......的路  the way to...
23. 请再说一次       pardon me                        52. 在 一 个 说 英 语 的 的 国 家    in an English-speaking
24. 抓住某人的手        hold one’ s hand                   country
25. 摇滚乐队         a rock band                     53. 进行一个短期的假期学习
26. 起初             at first                          go on a short study vacation
27. 在去.......的路上 on one’ s way to...             54. 为……感谢某人       thank sb. for doing sth.
28. 经过、路过          pass by                       55. 期待          look forward to+n./doing
29. 开始玩    start playing                         56. 醒来         wake up
30. 沿  ... 走;走上;走近        walk up                57. 仓促地做某事      in a rush to do sth
31. 在门边        at the door                       58. 做某事很方便       be convenient to do
32. 在门旁      by the door:                        59. 第一次见到某人       meet sb. for the first time
33. 在那个时刻          at that time                  60. 更擅长            become better at…
34. 来得更早点          come a little earlier         61. 使…想起           remind …of…
35. 占位子        get a table                       62. 一个吃饭的好地方        a good place to eat
36. 一些吃的东西       something to eat
二、   重点句型
1. not…until…         You never know until you try something.
凡事只有亲身经历了才能了解。
2. It seems (that)…   It seems a rock band plays there every evening.
那里好像每天晚上都有乐队演奏。
3___ do you know...
Excuse me, do you know where I can buy some medicine?
打扰了,请问哪里能买到药?
4. Could you please tell me... ?
Could you please tell me how to get to the post office?21世纪教育网版权所有
你能告诉我去邮局怎么走吗?
5 .1 wonder...    I wonder where we should go next.
我想知道接下来该去哪里。
6. sb. suggest/advise + 从句

                                               18
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
The clerk suggests/advises they (should) go to the... museum.工作人员建议他们去……博物馆。
三、   交际用语
1. —Do you know when the bookstore closes today?
你知道书店今天什么时候关门吗?
—It closes at 7: 00 p. m. today.
今天下午7点关门。
2. —Excuse me,could you please tell me how to get to the bookstore?对不起,你能告诉我去书店怎么走吗?21教育
网
3.一Sure, just go along Main Street until you pass
Center Street. The bookstore is on your right, beside the bank.www.21-cn-jy.com
当然了,沿着主大街走一直到经过中心街为止,书店就在你的右边,在银行的旁边。
4. — I wonder where we should go next.
我想知道我们接着该去哪里。
—How   about that new ride over there?
去那边坐新的过山车怎么样?
—Oh.. . it looks pretty scary.
哦……看起来很恐怖。

四、重点句子分析
1._Excuse me ,could you please tell me where the restrooms are?请您告诉我洗手间在哪里好吗?
could you please...?意为“请你。。。好吗?”,是表示请求的礼貌用语,后接动词原形。其否定形式是在                           please 后加
not。21cnjy.com
  ---Could you please turn off the lights? ---Sure, I can.21·世纪*教育网
归纳拓展:表示请求时可用            can, could ,may, might 表达,它们没有时态上的差别,只是           could 比 can,might 比
may 在语气上要客气。用         can 或 could 表示“请求”比较普遍,但在正式、庄重的场合用                  may 或 might 为宜。
    Could/Can you lend me some money, please?
对  could you please...?句型回答时,肯定回答可用      sure./certainly./of course.等;否定回答可用 sorry,I can’t./sorry ,I’m
afraid not.等。2-1-c-n-j-y
  ---Could you please open the window?
  ---Of course. /Sorry, I can’t. Because the windows are locked on the train.【来源:21cnj*y.co*m】
例:1.---Could you please _________the window? ---Sure, I________.【出处:21 教育名师】
    A. open not, could  B. not open, could C. not opening ,can D. not open ,can
   2.---Could you go shopping with me? ---__________.My father and I will go to Wuhan tomorrow.
A.I think so B. Yes, I hope so C. I’m afraid so 【版权所有:21 教育】
D. Sorry, I’m afraid not
   3.---_______,could you tell me the way to the Park Street? 21·cn·jy·com
   ---The Park Street? Oh, go straight and turn left. You can’t miss it.21 教育名师原创作品
    A. All right B. Never mind C .Excuse me  D. Thank you
   4.---I seem to be lost. Could you tell me how I can get to the National Museum?
    ---__________.You can take the No.3 bus to get there.
    A.Of course not B.I don’t know C. Congratulations D. Sure
   5.---Did you have a good weekend?
    ---______.We enjoyed ourselves in an amusement park.
    A.I’m afraid not B.I don’t think so C. Of course D.I hope not

                                               19
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
2.The Fine Arts Museum is really interesting.美术博物馆真的很有趣。
(1)really“真正地,确实地”,通常用于预料对方会有不同意见的场合,因而含有“确实如此,不骗你”的意思;
有时也用于表示惊讶或含蓄的怀疑。
   Do you really care nothing about your future? Really, I’m afraid I don’t agree with you.
易混辨析:really,   indeed 与 truly
  这三个词都可表示“真正地”。其区别在于:indeed                 多用于肯定对方的话或加强自己的话;really               多用于进一步
说服对方,或表示惊奇,或表示含蓄的怀疑;而                     truly 多用于强调事物的真实性。
   You are right. It is indeed a difficult problem. Do you really want to go? It is truly hot today.
例:---Yesterday I won the first prize in the singing competition. ---_____Congratulations!
A. That’s right!  B. What’s up?   C. Really? D. Have fun!  21*cnjy*com
(2)interested, interest 和 interesting
     1  interested 是形容词,有被动意味,意味“感兴趣的”,主语通常是人,多用于                       be/get/feel/become interested
in 结构中。
       I’m interested in history .
     2  interest 用作名词时意为“兴趣,趣味”;用作动词时意为“使(人)产生兴趣”,其主语多为事物。
       American football doesn’t interest me at all.
     3  interesting 是形容词,有主动意味,意为“有趣的”。作表语时,主语通常是物。作定语时,既可修饰人,
也可修饰物。
       That’s an interesting storybook for children.
例:We   all love Miss Wang. She always makes her English class very______.
 A. interest  B. interests  C. interesting  D .interested
3.Pardon me, could you please tell me where to park my car?对不起,你能告诉我在哪里停车吗?
句中   Pardon me 意为“对不起”,具体用法如下:
(1)表示道歉,意为“对不起”
   ---Pardon me,I suppose I should have knocked. ---That’s all right.
(2)表示没听清或没听懂对方的话,请求对方再说一遍(也说                          I beg your pardon/Pardon 等,注意说时用升调),
意为“请再说一遍;对不起,我没听清”。
   ---Where’s the post office?
   ---Pardon me?
   ---I asked where the post office was.
(3)用于提出异议之前,意为“对不起”。
    Pardon me, but this is my coat.
(4)用来引起对方注意,意为“对不起;打扰一下;请问”。
    Pardon me,may I disturb you a minute?
例:---Open  the window please, Mike ? ---________? I didn’t hear what you said.
    A. What     B Pardon     C. Really   D. All right
五、重点难点全解
                                    特殊疑问词引导的宾语从句
     1  宾语从句的连接词
      特殊疑问词引导宾语从句时,从句的连接词由该特殊疑问句的疑问词充当。特殊疑问句的疑问词通常有
    疑问代词    what, which, who, whose 和疑问副词  where, when, why, how 等。
     He wondered what had happened to her.
     Could you tell me how I can get to the hospital?
     2  宾语从句的语序

                                               20
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
      特殊疑问句作宾语从句时,不管主句是陈述句还是疑问句,从句都是用“连词+陈述句语序的句子”,句末
    是否用问号由主句来定。主句是陈述句时,句末用句号;主句是疑问句时,句末用问号。
     Where does Mr. Liu live? Do you know?-- -Do you know where Mr.Liu lives?【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】
例:1.The  teacher asked the students______.
   A. if they were interested in dinosaurs B. when was Albert Einstein born 21*cnjy*com
   C. what they will do with the computers D. how many trees they have planted
 2. We don’t know______ their parents are.
   A .that     B. what     C .why      D. which
 3 .I know_____ I promised to take you to dinner, but I won’t finish working until ten o’clock.
   A. that     B. what     C. why       D. if
易错易混全解
1.Excuse me, I’m sorry 与 I beg your pardon
三者都有“对不起,请原谅”的意思,但用法有区别。
(1)下列情景中要用         Excuse me:
     1  向别人问路、问时间时。           Excuse me! Where are the washrooms?
     2  当你询问别人是否准许你做某事时。                 Excuse me!Can I put my bike here?
     3  当你向别人打听某人(某事)时或当你要证实对方是不是某人                          时。
      ---Excuse me!Are you Mr. Black ? ---No, I’m not.
(2)I’m   sorry 常用来表示自己犯了某种过错,也可表示“遗憾”,如对别人的不幸有所表示或不满足对方的要求
等。
    I’m sorry for giving you so much trouble.
(3)I  beg your pardon 可用于(正式场合):
     1  做错事而道歉(比        I’m sorry 更正式,也可说     pardon me)
     2  谈话中提出异议之前
     3  没听清对方的话,希望对方重复一遍时(可说                   pardon me 或 pardon,可用问号,说时用升调)
     4  用来引起地方的注意
      I beg your pardon for coming late.
      I beg your pardon, is this your handbag?
2.问路和指路的常用句型:
(1)向别人问路时,可以用一般疑问句提出,也可用特殊疑问句提问。常用的表达方式                                     有:
 1  Is there a...near here?
 2  Where is...?
     3  How can I get to...?
     4  Which is the way to...?
     5  Can you tell me the way to...?
     6  Can you tell me how I get to...?
 出于礼貌,应先说        Excuse me,然后再提问。
(2)为别人指路时,可以用以下句子:
     1  Go/Walk along this road/street.沿着这条路走。
     2  Take the first turning on the left/right.在第一个拐弯处左转/右转。2·1·c·n·j·y
     3  It’s about...meter(s) from here.大约离这儿有。。。米。
指路时,要根据对方问路时所用的句型恰当地作出回答。如果知道,可以指点方向;如果不知道,可以说:I’m
sorry. I don’t know.这时问路者仍应有礼貌地向对方表示谢意,说               thank you anyway /all the same.还是要谢谢你。
   ---Excuse me. Where is the bookshop, please?

                                               21
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
   ---Sorry, I don’t know.
   ---Thank you all the same.
3.at, beside, by 与 near
(1)at“靠近”,往往意为着有目的、有意识的靠近,而                  by, beside, near 只意味着“靠近”。
  He sat at the desk. He wanted to read.
(2)beside“在。。。旁边”;by(=just  at t he side of)“就在。。。旁边”。两者一般可通用。但          by 比 beside 语气较强些,
并多用于日常用语中。www-2-1-cnjy-com
   There is a hospital beside/by the river.
 注意:指“在某人身边”时,多用             beside。
   The little boy is standing beside his mother.
(3)near“在。。。附近”或“离。。。不远”,它表示的距离要比                by/beside 表示的距离远些。
   We live near the sea.(表示离海边有些距离)
   We live by/beside the sea.(表示海就在身边)

                                              Unit  4

【重点单词】                                           10. British adj. 英国的;
1. humorous adj. 有幽默感的;图                         11. speech n. 讲话;发言;
2. silent adj. 沉默的;                              12. ant n. 蚂蚁;
3. helpful adj. 有用的,有帮助的:                        13. insect n. 昆虫
4. score n &v. 得分,进球。                            14. influence n &v 影响;
5. interview v &n. 面试,采访;                        15. proud adj. 自豪的,骄傲的;
6. dare v. 敢于;胆敢;                                16. seldom adv. 不常,很少;
7. private adj. 私人的,私密的。                         17. fail v.不及格,失败;
8. require v. 需要;要求;                             18. general adj. 普通的,常规的;
9. European adj. 欧洲的;                            19. introduction n. 介绍;
【重点词组】
1. used to   过去曾经                                13. influence his way of thinking 影响他的思维方式
2. be afraid of the dark 惧怕黑暗                    14. be proud of ./take pride in 为…感到骄傲
3. from time to time 时常                          15. be absent from classes 逃课
4. get good scores  取得好的分数                       16. fail the examinations考试不及格
5. deal with        对付,应对                        17. make a decision下决心
6. get tons of attention 得到大量的关注                 18. talk with sb in person 亲自找某人谈话
7. read books on European history 阅读有关欧洲历史的      19. to one’ surprise 使某人惊讶的是
书                                                20. feel good about oneself 对自己充满信心
8. African culture  非洲文化                         21. a general self-introduction 一个简要的自我介绍
9. be alone     独处                               22. in the last few years 在最近几年
10. give a speech in public 作一个公开演讲              23. remain silent 保持沉默
11. paint pictures 画画                            24. have a great influence on sb 对某人有很大的影响
12. be nervous about tests 对考试感到紧张
【重点句式】

1. ---You used to be short, didn’t you? ---Yes, I did.www.21-cn-jy.com
  ---你过去个子矮,是吗?---是的,我是。

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
2. ---What’s he like now? ---He’s tall now.---她现在是什么样?---她现在很高。
3. Paula used to be really quiet, she was never brave enough to ask questions.
  波拉以前很文静,她从来不够勇敢来问题。

4. It’s three years since we last saw our primary school classmates.【来源:21·世纪·教育·网】
  自从我们上次见到我们的初中同学以来已有三年了。
5. Emily didn’t use to eat a lot of vegetables, but now she loves carrots and tomatoes.
  艾米丽过去不吃许多蔬菜,但是现在她喜爱胡萝卜和西红柿。

6. ----I used to be nervous about tests all the time. What about you? 21*cnjy*com
  ---Yes, me too. And I used to hate P.E class.
  --我以前对考试一直感到紧张,你呢?---是的,我也是。                     并且我过去还讨厌上体育课。
7. My life has changed a lot in the last few years.我的生活在近几年改变了许多。
【重点知识】
Section A(1a  ~ 2d)
a. 词汇包:
 be interested in 对……感兴趣
该短语后接动词-ing      形式、名词或代词,其主语必须是人或其他有生命的东西。它相当于                           show/take/have/feel (an)

interest in,其中 interest 为名词,意为“兴趣”。其中        be 可换用   get 或 become 以强调由不感兴趣到感兴趣。【来源:

21cnj*y.co*m】
【备课例句】
She’s interested in collecting shells. =She shows an interest in collecting shells.
她对收集贝壳感兴趣。

He became very interested in science when he was ten. 【版权所有:21 教育】
他十岁时就对科学产生了兴趣。(以前不感兴趣,十岁时开始)
【横向辐射】interesting    & interest
1.interesting
作形容词,有主动意味,意为“令人有趣的”,作表语时,主语通常是物。作定语时,既可
修饰人,也可修饰物。【例句】
The story is very interesting. 这故事很有趣。
This is an interesting book. 这是本有趣的书。
2.interest
作不可数名词时意为“兴趣、趣味”。作动词时意为“使(人)发生兴趣”,其主语多为事
物。【例句】
They're all places of great interest in China. 它们都是中国的名胜。
Your story interests me. 你的经历引起了我的兴趣。

【课堂变式】
I have ___ to tell you. Maybe you will be _____ in it.
A. interesting something; interested   B. something interesting; interesting
C. something interesting; interested   D. something interested; interesting
【解析】形容词修饰不定代词时,应该放在其后面,可先排除                          A。另外,修饰某物时要用
interesting,可排除  D。第二空的     you 是人,故要用      be interested in 结构。答案选择   C。
b. 句式包:
1.Mario, you used to be short, didn’t you? 马里奥,你过去很矮,对吗?
used to do sth 意为“过去常常做某事”,特指在过去经常发生的动作,而现在已不再发生,其中                               used to 可以看
                                               23
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)

作情态动词,用于各种人称。【出处:21            教育名师】
【备课例句】
He used to play soccer when he was young. 他年轻时经常踢足球。(现在不踢了)
She used to be an English teacher. 她过去是一位英语老师。(现在不是英语老师了)
1.其否定句为     didn’t use to do 或 used not to do,used not 可缩写为 usedn’t。
【备课例句】
Mr. Li didn’t use to drink beer. =Mr. Li usedn’t to drink beer. 李先生不常喝啤酒。
2.used to 的疑问句形式是“Did…use     to do?”或“Used…to do”。
【备课例句】
Did she use to get up early?=Used he to get up early? 她过去经常早起吗?
3.used to 的反意疑问句也用助动词          did(n’t)或 used(n’t)构成。
【备课例句】
Mario used to be late for school, didn’t/usedn’t he? 马里奥以前上学经常迟到,对不对?
【横向辐射】be      used to do sth & be used to doing sth.
1.be used to do sth
表示“被用于做某事”,是被动结构,强调主语是动词                       use 的承受者。
【例句】
Wood  can be used to make desks. 木材可用来制作书桌。
Stamps can be used to send letters. 邮票可用来寄信。
2.be used to doing sth
意为“习惯于做某事”,其中            to 是介词,后须接名词或动词-ing          形式。
【例句】
I was used to the hard life here. 我习惯这里的艰苦生活。
He is used to working before six in the morning. 他已经习惯每天早晨六点以前干活。

【课堂变式】
1. She used to____ in the morning, but now she is used to ______ at night.
A. read; read   B. read; reading C. reading; read D. reading; reading
【解析】前一空是        used to do sth 结构,后一空是    be used to doing 结构。若第二空采用      be
used to do sth 结构,主语  she 不能成为    use 的承受者。另外,由        but now 可知前一句说的
是过去的情况,后一空说的是现在的情况。正确答案是                        B。
2. I used to go outside on weekends. (改为否定句) I____ ____ to go outside on weekends.
【解析】本题考查        used to do 的否定结构。其否定句为         didn’t use to do 或 used not to do。
正确答案是      didn’t use/used not。
2.What did his friends used to look like? 他的朋友过去长得什么样子?

What does sb look like? 只用来询问某人的外貌长相,相当于           What is sb like?, like 在句中作介词,意为“像”。21cnjy.com
【备课例句】
—What  does Tom look like? (=What is Tom like?) 汤姆长得什么模样?
—He  is very much like his father, tall and dark. 他非常像他的父亲又高又黑。
【横向辐射】What       is sb/ sth like?& What does sb like?


                                               24
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
1. What is sb/ sth like?
What is sb like? 还可用来询问某人的品质。What         is sth. like?用来询问事物的性质,特别
是用来谈论天气状况,         like 在句中作介词,意为“像”。
【例句】
—What  is Lily like? 莉莉是怎样的一个人?
—She’s a very nice girl. 她是个非常好的女孩。
—What’s the weather like? 今天天气怎么样?
—Very fine. 很晴朗。
—What’s this book like? 这本书怎么样?
—Very interesting. 很有趣。
2.What does sb like?
该句型用来询问某人“喜欢什么”,like              为动词“喜欢”。
【例句】
—What  does Li Hua like? 李华喜欢什么?
—He  likes swimming. 他喜欢游泳。

【课堂变式】
—What  does the lady look like?—     .
A. She’s fine and well            B. She’s really a nice lady
C. She’s tall and thin            D. She likes wearing skirts
【解析】A    意为“她身体很好”,B         意为“她的确是个好女士”,C           意为“她是个瘦高个”,
D 意为“她喜欢穿短裙子”。问句是问长相如何,应选                     C。
Section A(3a  ~ 3c)
 a. 词汇包:
1. dare 敢于;胆敢;可以作实义动词,也可以作情态动词。

(1)实义动词      dare 后面接动词不定式        to do2·1·c·n·j·y
【例句】
I dare to swim across the river
I don't dare to say that.
Do you dare to go with me?(肯定回答:Yes, I do. 否定回答:No,  I don't.)

(2)dare  作情态动词时后面接动词原形(不带                to 的动词不定式)。21     教育名师原创作品
【例句】
I daren't say that.
Dare you go with me?(肯定回答:Yes, I dare. 否定回答:No,   I dare not.)
How dare you say that?
If he dare break the rule , he will be punished .
注意:dare   作情态动词时主要用于疑问句,否定句和条件从句中,不用于肯定句(只有一个例外—I                                 dare say,但那
是一个固定短语,意思是“我相信,              可能,  我想是这样”)。
(3)在否定句或疑问句中,现代英语口语常用实义动词的                        dare,但省略后面的       to,直接接动词原形。
【例句】
I don't dare say that.
Do you dare go with me?
【备课例句】
Mary dare not go home because she failed the math test again.
玛丽不敢回家,因为她数学考试又没及格。
                                               25
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
【课堂变式】
—Would  you like to come over to my house tomorrow?
—Oh,  I ‘d love to . but I am afraid of your pet dog. I ____ go close to it .
A. can’t           B. mustn’t         C. needn’t          D. daren’t
【解析】由题意可知,我是怕你的宠物狗,而不敢靠近它.                          dare 作情态动词的否定式为
daren’t;故答案选   D。
2. give up 放弃
后接动词-ing    形式或名词,但不能接动词不定式。后接代词作宾语时,代词应放在                            give 和 up 之间。
You should give up smoking. 你应该戒烟。
Math is too difficult for me. I think I’ll give it up. 数学对我来说太难。我想我会放弃它。
【横向辐射】give      的相关短语
give in 屈服,让步;give    back 归还;give away 分发,赠送;give     sb a hand 帮某人的忙

【课堂变式】
—Is he still raising money for charity?
—Yes. He never_____ hope of helping poor children.
A. gives up        B. gives out      C. takes off        D. takes out
【解析】gives   out“分发”;takes   off “脱下‘起飞”;takes     out“拿出”。根据上句        Is he still
raising money for charity?及答语 Yes 可知答案选 A,意为“放弃”。

b. 句式包:
1. Candy told me that she used to be really shy and took up singing to deal with her shyness. 凯迪告诉我她以前真

的很害羞并且开始唱歌来应对她的害羞。www-2-1-cnjy-com
这是由    that 引导的宾语从句。
 ①take up: 开始从事
【备课例句】
Jack took up running for exercise to lose weight this month 杰克这个月在跑步锻炼来减肥。
【横向辐射】take      up 的用法
(1) 占,占地方
  That big table takes up too much room. 那张大桌子占的地方太大了。
  Learning English takes up a lot of my time. 学英语占了我许多时间。
(2) 开始从事
  We took up physical chemistry at college. 在大学我们选学了物理化学课。
(3) 讨论   discuss
   We will take the next lesson up tomorrow. 我们明天将要讨论下一课。
(4) 从事;经手
   The teacher took up the lesson where she stopped. 老师从昨天留下的部分开始讲。
(5) 让乘客上车;接纳
   The bus stopped to take up the students. 公共汽车停下来,让这些学生上车。
【课堂变式】
—What’s your plan for the new school year?
—Oh,  I am going to _____a new hobby by learning to play the guitar.
A. take part       B. take up          C. take back        D. take care
【解析】此题考查        take 相关的短语,由题意可知,我打算通过学弹吉它开始一项新爱好。
答案选    B。
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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
②  deal with “对付”、“应付”
【备课例句】

The young woman teacher didn’t know how to deal with the noisy class. 21 教育网
这位年轻的女教师不知道如何应对喧闹的课堂。
 【横向辐射】deal      with 与 do with
1 . do with 常与连接代词    what 连用,而    deal with 常与连接副词     how 连用
【例句】
I don’t know how they deal with the problem . = I don‘t know what they do with the problem .
我不知道他们如何处理这个问题。
2. 这两个词组在使用时有细微的差别。一般地说,do                   侧重对象     ,deal 侧重方式方法;do     with
表示“处置”、“忍受”、“相处”、“有关”等。deal            with 意义很广,常表示、“处理”、“安排”、“论
述”、“涉及”等。
【例句】
1 . They found a way to do with the elephant. 他们找到对付那头大象的办法了。
2. They could properly deal with all kinds of situations . 他能恰当地应付各种局面。
【课堂变式】
1. The boss found two boys stealing his bread but he didn’t know _____
   A. how to do with             B. what to do with them
   C. how to deal with it        D. what to deal with
【解析】deal   with 与 do with 都是处理,应对的意思,故选          A。do with 常与连接代词      what 连
用,而    deal with 常与连接副词     how 连用.   故选  C。
2. Only a very small number of people make it to the top.只有少量的人才成功地到达顶峰。
a small number of 意为:“少量的,为数不多的”。Make           it 意为“办成,做到;成功”;用来表示达到预定目标。

21·世纪*教育网
【备课例句】

Today make it close to be late for class. 今天我差一点都迟到了。2-1-c-n-j-y
【横向辐射】make          it 的用法


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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
一、用来表示规定时间,常与             can, let 等词连用。
【例句】
A:Shall we meet next week?下星期我们见面,好吗?
B:Yes.  Let’s make it next Sunday.好的,让我们约定下星期日吧。
二、用来表示达到预定目标;办成,做到;成功;发迹。【例句】                              :
Tell him I want to see him tonight, at my house if he can make it.
告诉他今晚我要见他,行的话就在我家。
三、用来表示及时抵达;赶上。【例句】                   :
He won't be able to make it home at Christmas.圣诞节时他到不了家。
四、用来表示(疾病)等得到好转;得救。【例句】                      :
The doctor knew that the patient was unlikely to make it.医生知道那个病人没什么希望了。
五、用来表示相处得很好,受欢迎(或尊重),被接受(与                      with 连用)。【例句】       :
She finally made it with the crowd in Hollywood.她终于受到好莱坞人的欢迎。
六、用来表示预定小吃。【例句】                 :
Make it a cake and a bottle of orange.来一块蛋糕和一瓶橘汁。

【课堂变式】
Don’t give up! Come on. I know you can make____.
A. it            B. this         C. that            D. so
 [解析]make  it 为固定搭配,意为:“办成,做到;成功”;用来表示达到预定目标。[答案]A.

Section B(1a  ~ 1e)
 a. 词汇包:
all the time 一直;总是相当于     always。
【备课例句】
I have been busy all the time. 我一直很忙。
【横向辐射】time      的相关短语
in time 及时 on time 按时 for the first time 第一次
at the same time 同时 have a good time 过得愉快;玩得开心      at times (=sometimes) 有时

【课堂变式】
Look! The monkeys are jumping _____.
A. in time     B. for the first time C. all the time       D. at times
【解析】根据句意“瞧!这些猴子一直在跳”可确定答案是                         C。
Section B(2a  ~ 2f)
a.词汇包
1. cause (v.)造成;使发生
作动词,常见用法有:
(1)后接名词或代词。
【备课例句】
What cause his illness? 是什么使他生病?
(2)后接双宾语,即       cause sb sth,意为“给某人带来……”。

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
【备课例句】
I’m afraid I’m going to cause you much trouble. 恐怕我会给你添很多麻烦。
(3) 后接动词不定式作宾补,即           cause sb/sth to do sth,意为“促使某人做某事”。
【备课例句】
Success causes him to work hard. 成功促使他更加努力工作。
【横向辐射】cause      作名词
cause 作名词时,意为“原因”,近义词为              reason。表示“……的原因”常用          the cause of 或
the reason for。
【例句】
What was the cause of the accident? 这起事故的原因是什么?
Give me your reason for doing that. 给我你那样做的理由。
【课堂变式】
Every year driving after drinking wine _____ a lot of traffic accidents.
A. happens         B. provides        C. causes          D. affords
【解析】happen“发生”;provide“提供”;affords“买得起”。根据句意“每年酒后驾车
引发大量交通事故”可确定选             C。

2. waste (v.)浪费;滥用
作动词,表示浪费时间、精力、财力和物力等,常接名词作宾语。另外                           waste 还可用于    waste sth on sth/sb 和 waste

sth (in) doing sth 结构。21·cn·jy·com
【备课例句】
He never wasted a moment. 他从不浪费一刻时间。
Don’t waste your time on these things. 不要把你的时间浪费在这些事上。
He wasted lots of time in playing computer games. 玩电脑游戏浪费了他很多时间。
【课堂变式】
1.你不要把时间浪费在看电视上。Don’t             waste your time ____ ____ TV.
2.让那个孩子不要浪费时间了。Ask            the child ____ ____ ____time.
【解析】1.in    watching 2.not to waste

3. make a decision 下决定;下决心
该短语相当于动词        decide。decision 是动词  decide 的名词形式。
【备课例句】
She could not make a decision about the dresses. 她对(买不买)这衣服下不了决心。
We need to make a decision on this by next week. 我们得在下周前就这一问题作出决定。
【课堂变式】
—Jack, will your family move to Shanghai?
—Yes. That’s a very big   my parents made.
A. decide         B. decision         C. education      D. difference
【解析】decide    是动词,意为“决定”;decision         是名词,意为“决定”;           education 是名
词,意为“教育”;difference      是名词,意为“差异,不同”。根据句意“那是我父母做的一
个大决定”以及空格前的           a 确定用   decide 的名词形式,故选       B。

4. no longer 不再;已不
【备课例句】
I go there no longer. 我不再去那儿了。
She no longer needed the shoe! 她不再需要那只鞋子了。
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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
【横向辐射】not…any      longer & not any more
1.not…any longer
意为“不再”,常可与          no longer 替换,多指过去持续的动作或存在的状态现在已不能再
继续下去,侧重指时间上不再延长。
【例句】
I can’t wait for you any longer.=I can’t no longer wait for you. 我不能再等到你了。
2.not…any more
也意为“不再”,可与         no more 替换,多指再也不重复过去反复做或发生的具体动作。
【例句】
The baby didn’t cry any more.=The baby no more cried. 那个婴儿不再哭了。
【课堂变式】
He no longer lives here. (同义句转换) He ____ ____here ____ ____ .
【解析】doesn’t    live, any longer。

5. take pride in 对……感到自豪
在此短语中,pride      为名词,意为“骄傲”。另外            be proud of 也意为“为……感到自豪”,但           proud 是形容词。

同时我们要注意这两个短语中的介词不同。21                  世纪教育网版权所有
【备课例句】

They take pride in their daughter, who is now a movie star. 21*cnjy*com
=They are proud of their daughter, who is now a movie star.
女儿成为电影明星,他们感到很自豪。
【课堂变式】
We felt ________ when Liu Xiang won the first prize again in the race.
A. pride           B. proud           C. successful         D. worried
【解析】pride    是  名词,意为“骄傲,自豪”;proud           是形容词,意为“骄傲的,自豪的”;
successful 是形容词,意为“成功的”;worried        是形容词,意为“焦虑的”,feel           在此是连系
动词,后接形容词作表语,排除             A。再根据    when Liu Xiang won the first prize again in the race
确定选    B。
b. 句式包:
He has been working hard and is now one of the best students in his class.
他一直非常努力学习,现在是班上最出色的学生之一。
“one of +the+形容词最高级+复数名词”意为“最……之一”。
【备课例句】
Tom is one of the youngest students in our school.
在我们学校里,汤姆是年纪最小的学生之一。
In England, one of the most popular kinds of food is fish and chips.
在英国,最受欢迎的食品之一是炸鱼和炸土豆条。
【横向辐射】“one      of+复数名词或代词”
“one  of+复数名词或代词”意为“……中的一个”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。
【例句】
One of the brothers is a scientist. 那些兄弟中有一位是科学家。
【课堂变式】


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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
1.October 12th was one of     day in 2005, for Shenzhou VI was sent up successfully into
the space.
A. exciting     B. more exciting    C. much exciting  D. the most exciting
【解析】“one     of +the+形容词最高级+复数名词”结构。exciting           的最高级形式是       the most
exciting。正确答案是     D。
2.刘翔是世界上最受欢迎的体育明星之一。________________________________________
【解析】Liu    Xiang is one of the most popular sports stars in the world.

                                             Unit5
一、单词、短语
1. be widely known for = be famous for           16. according to sth. 根据
  因…而闻名                                          17. sky lanterns 孔明灯
2. no matter + 疑问词 =疑问词    + ever 无论             18. Chinese clay art 中国的粘土艺术
3. avoid doing 避免做某事                             19. air –dry 烘干
4. everyday / every day                          20. at a very high heat 在高温下
5. traffic jam 交通拥挤  a lot of traffic            21. send out 发送
6. complete doing 完成某                               send for a doctor 派人去请医生
7. be made of / from / by / in / into            22, rise into the sky 升到天空
8. at the art and science fair 在美术和科技馆           23. turn into 把..变成
9. as far as I know 就我所知道而言                      24. 24. be around for 存在一段时间
10. on the sides of mountains 在山腰上               25. a symbol of ..的象征
11. by hand 手工                                   26. on the last Friday of each moth
12. search for 寻找                                    在每个月的最一个星期五
13. allow doing / sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事         27. a kite festival 风筝节
14. be covered by / with 由..覆盖                   28. paper cutting 剪纸
15. its own special forms of traditional art 它自己特殊 29. the earth’s surface 地球表面 on earth 究竟
的传统艺术形式                                          30. make high—technology products 制造高科技产品

语态概述
  英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。                   英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的。
      主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。                例如:Many    people speak English. 主语 people 是动词 speak 的发出
者。
      被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者。                 例如:English  is spoken by many people. 主语 English 是动词 speak
的承受者。
二)、被动语态的构成
被动语态由“be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。不及物动词本身没有被动语态。
人称、数和时态的变化是通过             be 的变化表现出来的。
三)、各种时态被动语态的构成
        1.一般现在时:am/is/are+动词过去分词                 Cars are made by them.

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                                    2014 秋季九英语学案          Why  the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
          2.一般过去时:was/were+动词过去分                      The  MP3  was bought  by my  father.
          3.含有情态动词的被动语态,由“情态动词+be+过去分词”构成,
     例如:     we  can repair this watch in two days.
        →This  watch  can be repaired in two days.
四)、主动语态变被动语态的方法
          1.把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。
          2.把主动语态的谓语变为被动语态的谓语。
          3.把主动语态的主语变为被动语态的                       by 短语。
       (①    by 短语可以省。②           by 短语后跟代词的宾格。)
       主变被解题步骤
       1. 划分句子成分,找宾语                 ----即动作的承受者
       2. 判断宾语的单复数              ----即 be 动词的单复数.
       3. 判断动词的时态            ----即 be 动词的时态.
       4. 修改谓语的形式            ----即原句动词改为过去分词
       5. 修改原句的主语            ----即 by+  宾语(原主语).
           They make    shoes  in that factory.
                           ①
                      ②         ③
          →Shoes    are made      by them.
(宾变主,主变宾,谓动变成                    be done  形,人称、数、格随着变)
五)、被动语态的用法
      (1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。
            Some  new  computers   were stolen last night. (不知道电脑是谁偷的)
       (2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。
           The window   was broken  by mike.窗户是迈克打破的。

I、被动语态的结构:be+PP
1.一般现在时的被动语态:             am  / is / are + 过去分词
She waters the flowers after school. The flowers ___________ ____________by ___________ after school.
2. 一般过去时的被动语态            :   was / were + 过去分词
Guo Jingming wrote the book .      The book ____________  ____________   ____________Guo  Jingming.
3. 一般将来时的被动语态              will be +过去分词
The headmaster will give a talk this afternoon. A talk ______ ______ _______ _____the headmaster this afternoon.
4. 现在进行时的被动语态              am/is/are+being+过去分词
The driver is repairing the car. The car ____________ ___________ ___________  __________the driver.
5. 过去进行时的被动语态              was/were+being+过去分词
My father was painting the wall. The wall ______________  ______________   _____________ by father.
6. 现在完成时的被动语态:              has /have  been + 过去分词
We have read the book..      The book ______________   ____________   _____________ by ____________.
7. 过去完成时的被动语态:              had been + 过去分词
He had invited me to visit Japan before I came here. I _______ _________ _________to visit Japan before I came here.
8. 含有情态动词的被动语态:              can / may /must /should +过去分词
Students should do their homework. Their homework __________  _________   __________   _________students.
被动语态的特殊情况:

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
(一) make/ let /have sb. do sth. ; see/hear/ watch / notice sb. do sth
变成被动语态时,后面的动词原形前需加                  to. :
 be made / seen / heard / watched / noticed to do sth.
   被迫    / 被看见   / 被听见    / 被观看       被注意     做某事
1.The boss made his workers work day and night. The workers were made to work day and night.
2. I see him stand there                   He is seen to stand there by me.
2. His doctor makes him have two meals a day. ---He is _______ _______ _______ two meals a day.
(使役感官真奇怪,to         去 to 来令人猜,主动语态        to 离开,被动语态      to 回来。)
练习:请将下列主动语态变成被动语态。
1.The farmer made the horses work the whole day.
   The horses___________ __________ __________ ___________the whole day.
2.I saw a mouse run into the room.
  A mouse ___________ ___________  __________  ___________ into the room.
3.I saw Lucy play in the park just now.
  Lucy_________  __________  ___________ ______________in the park just now.
4. I often hear her sing this popular song .
  She___________often_______ _______ _______ this popular song by_______.
(二)当动词带双宾语时         give sb.sth ; show sb sth , pass sb sth , lend sb sth 时,有两种改法:
1)将其中指人的宾语被动句的主语时,另一个宾语按顺序照抄下来。
sb .be given sth ; sb be showed sth; sb be passed sth; sb.be lent sth.
   Eg: I give Tom a book .      Tom  is given a book by me.
      He buys his sister a bag. His sister _______ ______ a bag by him.
2)  将指物的宾语提前作被动句的主语,在被动句中则指人宾语前应加“to”或“for”                            。常见加    to 的动词有常见加
for 的动词有   make, draw, buy…
sth be given to sb.; sth be showed to sb; sth be passed to sb; sth be lent to sb.
Eg:I  give Tom a book .       A book is given ______Tom by me.
再如:He    bought me a book.
-I was bought a book by him. (以人 I 做主语)
-A  book was bought for me by him. (以物 book 作主语)
练习:1.Lily  gave us some wonderful stamps.
(1)______   ________ ______some wonderful stamps by Lily
(2)Some   wonderful stamps_______ ________ _______ ________ by Lily
双宾语,很奇特,被动语态有两个,用人简单用物难,难在人前                           to, for 添
常见的接双宾语的动词有:
to:
(1)pass sb sth=pass sth to sb                    (6)send sb sth=send sth to sb
(2) give sb sth= give sth. to sb                 (7)hand sb sth =hand sth to sb
(3)teach sb sth=teach sth to sb,                 (8) sell sb sth=sell sth to sb
(4)show sb sth=show sth to sb                    (9) take sb sth =take sth to sb
(5) bring sb sth=bring sth to sb,                (10) write sb sth=write sth to sb
for:
(1) make sb sth= make sth for sb                 (3) get sb sth= get sth for sb
(2) buy sb sth =buy sth for sb                   (4) cook sb sth =cook sth for sb

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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
(5) keep ab sth=keep sth for sb                  (8) mend sb sth=mend sth for sb
(6) sing sb sth=sing sth for sb                  (9)perform sb sth=perform sth for sb
(7) find sb sth=find sth for sb
既可用    for 也可用  to 的词:read
练习:把主动语态变为被动语态。(两种办法)
1.He bought me a present yesterday.
___________________________________   _________________________________________
2.My mother made me a big birthday cake last night.
__________________________________    ___________________________________________
3.I have written him a letter.
___________________________________   _______________________________________
4.Our teacher taught us a new song last week.
____________________________________ _______________________________________
5.She reads her son a story every day.
____________________________________  _______________________________________


                                   重点词组、句子解析(必背)
1、be  made .....短语
1). be made of 表示“由…制成”,    一般指能够看出原材料
2). be made from 也表示“由…制成”,但一般指看不出原材料
 Bread is made from corn.  面包是小麦做的。
3). be made into 被制成为…      This piece of wood will be made into a small bench.
   这块木头将要被制成一个小凳。
4). be made by sb. 由某人制成
. …, they are picked by hand and then are sent for processing.
 2  process  v. 加工;处理
America sent cotton to England for processing. 美国把棉花运到英格兰进行加工。
How fast does the computer process the data? 这台计算机处理数据有多快?
    process  n. 工序;过程
Building a car is a long process. 制造一辆小汽车有很长的工序。
They went over every process again, but without result. 他们把每道工序又检查了一遍,却仍没有结果。
The bridge is in the process of being built. 大桥正在建设中。        in process 在进行中
3 It seems that Chinese tea is drunk all over the world.
It seems that …意思是“似乎..., 看来好像     ...”,其中 it 是形式主语,    seems 为系动词,    that 引导表语从句。
It seems that no one knows what has happened in the park. 似乎没有人知道在公园里发生了什么事。
It seems to me that Mr. Brown will not come again. 在我看来布朗先生不会再来了。
seem 可用作连系动词或不及物动词,意为“似乎;好像”,其常见用法现归纳如下:
【拓展】
1)“主语+   seem +(to be )+表语”,表语多为名词或形容词,有时是其他的词或短语,以说明主语的特征或状态。
例如:
 Tom seems (to be) a very clever boy.  汤姆看上去是一个非常聪明的男孩。
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                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
2)“主语+   seem + 不定式”,此句型中的         seem 与不定式一起构成复合谓语。例如:
 Mrs Green doesn’t seem to like the idea. 格林夫人似乎不太喜欢这个主意。
3)“There + seem to be +名词”,其中   to be 可省略。seem    的单复数形式要根据后面作主语的名词的单复数形式
而定。例如:
There doesn’t seem (to be) much hope of our beating that team. 看来我们战胜那个队没有多大希望。
There seems no need to wait longer.   看来没有再等的必要了。
4)“seem  like +名词”   看起来好像是       …     She seems like a reasonable person.
4  … tea is good for both health and business!
   be good for 有益于…
Fresh air and exercise are good for the health. 新鲜空气和运动有益于健康。
Smoking is no good for health. 吸烟无益于身体健康.。
The medicine is distasteful but good for you. 良药苦口。
  反义词:be     bad for 对……有害处
【拓展】
be good at / with / to / for 用法之不同
1) be good at 意为“擅长……”,后接名词、代词或           v-ing 形式。
I’m good at playing chess.  我擅长下象棋。
2) be good with 意为“灵巧的;与……相处得好”。          例如:
She is good with her hands. 她手很巧。
He is very good with the children. 他与这些孩子处得很好。
3) be good to 意为“对……友好”。     例如:
My friend was good to me when I was ill. 我生病时我的朋友对我关怀备至
5、no  matter what 无论什么
no matter when 无论何时
no matter where 无论何处
no matter how 无论如何
6. Toys are not the only things made in China.
made in China 是过去分词短语,修饰前面的          the only things,相当于一个省略的定语从句:that         were made in China
The student dressed in white ( = who is dressed in white) is my daughter. 穿白色衣服的学生是我的女儿。
The concert given by their friends was a success. 他们朋友举行的音乐会大为成功。
7. He realized that Americans can hardly avoid buying products made in China.
hardly 是“几乎不”,   是位于句首时,      句子要用倒装。hard       也可是副词,      意思是“努力地,     猛烈的”。
We hardly had time to eat breakfast. 我们几乎没时间吃早餐。
Hardly did they speak another word.  他们几乎没有再说一句话。
From this day forward, I will study hard. 从今以后我要刻苦学习。
--- How was the weather yesterday?
--- It was terrible. It rained _____. People could _____ go out.
  A. hardly; hardly     B. hard; hard   C. hard; hardly        D. hardly; hard
8. avoid vt. 避免;回避
He avoided answering my questions.   他避不回答我的问题。
I avoided him as much as possible. 我尽可能地躲开他。
9. Kang Jian thinks it’s great that China is so good at making these everyday things.
it’s great that China is so good at making these everyday things 是宾语从句,做 thinks 的宾语。其中的 it 是形式主
语,真正的主语是        China is so good at making these everyday things。

                                               35
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
It is certain that he will win. 他一定会取胜。
1) 一些人瞧不起盲人是错误的。
It is wrong that some people look down on blind people.
2) 我们有必要帮助残疾人
It is necessary that we help the elderly
10.everyday  adj.  日常的;平常的
He is in his everyday clothes. 他穿着平常的衣服。
Cooking breakfast is her everyday job. 做早饭是她的日常工作。
Mr Li is teaching us everyday English. 李先生正在教我们英语的日常用语
every day 是副词,  意思是“每天”,    放在句首或句末,用来修饰整个句子。
I don’t see her every day. 我不是每天见到她
11.…, he wishes that in the future China will also get better at making high-technology products that people can buy
in all parts of the world.
that in the future China will also get better at making high-technology products that people can buy in all parts of the
world 是宾语从句,做       wishes 的宾语。
that people can buy in all parts of the world 是定语从句,修饰 products。
12. competitor n.  参赛者;竞争者
Each competitor shall wear a number. 每个比赛者必须佩戴一个号码。
That company is a strong competitor of us.那个公司是我们强有力的竞争对手
  competition  n. 竞争;比赛
The company faces much competition. 这家公司面临着许多竞争。
There will be a chess competition next week. 下个星期有一场国际象棋比赛。
He was the twentieth in the competition. 他在竞赛中名列第二十。
compete   v. 竞争;比赛;对抗
We can compete with the best teams.我们能与最好的队竞争。
He's hoping to compete in the London marathon. 他期盼着参加伦敦马拉松比赛。
The firm is too small to compete against large ones. 这家公司太小,不能与大公司抗衡
13 .Some were painted with colorful …
  paint  v.  用颜料画;刷漆
   It was the custom of American Indians to paint their faces with coloured clay.
     美洲印第安人过去习惯用彩色泥土涂在脸上。
  I think we should paint the wall yellow.我认为墙壁应该粉刷成黄色。
paint  n. 油漆;颜料;绘画作品
Don't touch the door; the paint is wet.别碰这门, 油漆未干。
Give the walls a coat of paint and they'll look all right.墙上要是涂上一层漆, 看上去就会好一些。
The artist brought his paints with him.那画家自带颜料。
It is a great piece of paint.这是一幅绘画杰作。
14paint, draw 都表示“画画”。其区别是:
paint 主要指用颜料画,而        draw 则多指用铅笔、蜡笔、钢笔等画。如:
The artist paints in water colors.这画家用水彩绘画。
The child was drawing a picture with a pencil.这个孩子正在用铅笔画画
15. turn into = change into
turn 的常见短语          turn up 调高     turn down 调低
turn on 打开           turn off 关掉   turn to 转向;翻到(某页)     ;求教于

                                               36
                             2014 秋季九英语学案     Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. (! 邓老师整理)
turn around 环顾四周
16. rise into 上升到……
Usually, such harmful fumes rise into the upper air and are blown away by the wind.
 这种有害烟尘通常会上升到空气的上层,                 被风吹散。
The colourful balloons rose high into the air .五颜六色的气球腾空而起。
rise above 升到…之上;   超越
The sun rises above the horizon.太阳升起在地平线上。
   rise against 起来反抗
When  did they rise against their leaders? 他们什么时候起来反抗他们的首领的?
     rise from 从…起身/上升;起源/起因于
Trouble often rises from misunderstanding.麻烦往往是由误解引起的。
rise to 上升到
The flood rose to a level of 50 feet. 洪水涨到五十英尺高。
    rise up 起身, 起床;  上升;   耸立;  起义
The children all rose up when the headmaster came in. 校长进来时,孩子们全都站了起来。
I've felt the hate rise up in me. 我已感觉心中升起的憎恨。
17. Paper cutting has been around for over 1,500 years.
  around 在这里是形容词,“存在的”的意思
Cable television has been around for some time now. 有线电视面世已有些时日了
around   prep. 到处;  在  ... 附近; 围绕;  大约
               adv. 到处;在周围;转弯
He runs around the playground. 他在运动场上到处跑。
There're around 1000 employees in this company.这个公司大约有 1000 名员工。
We have travelled around in Europe for six weeks.我们在欧洲各地旅行了六个星期。
18. live,lively,living,alive 的用法区别
live 做形容词时,读作[laiv],表示“现场的;活着的”,只用于物,可以做前置定语;
lively 表示“生动的,活泼的”,可以做定语、表语或宾补;
living 表示“活着的”,可以作表语或前置定语,可修饰人,                 也可修饰物;
alive 表示“活着的”,多用于人,与         dead 相对;可以做表语、后置定语或补足语。
19. It takes several weeks to complete everything.
      complete   v.  完成
Can you complete your task on time? 你们能按时完成工作吗?
They said that they could complete the work in two months. 他们说他们能在两个月内完成这项工作。
I must complete writing the letter within an hour 我一定要在一小时内写完信。
       complete  adj. 完整的

                                          Unit    6
一、重点单词


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
1. please v. 使高兴                                迎,普及
→ adj. pleased 高兴的,   愉快的    。用来形容人的形           6.accident n. 事故→ adj. accidental 意外的,偶然的
容词。→adj.   pleasant 令人愉快的,令人高兴的          。用     7.smell v. 闻到→pt. / pp. smelt
来形容事物的。→n.       pleasure 高兴,   愉快              8. nation n. 国家,民族→   adj. national 国家的【出处:
2. invent v. 发明 →n. invention 发明 inventor 发明    9.translate v. 翻译→ n. translation 翻译 translator 翻
者                                               译,翻译者
 这样的动词有:       act , collect , visit , operate , translate 10.sudden adj. 突然的→adv. suddenly 突然地
3.salt n. 盐→adj. salty 咸的                       11.music n. 音乐→adj. musician
4.Canada n. 加拿大→adj.Canadian 加拿大的,              12.profession n. 职业→adj. professional 职业的, 专
5.popular adj.受欢迎的,   流行的→n.    popularity 受欢   业的
二、重点短语
1. have a point 有道理                             16. take place 发生,出现
2. be used for 用来做                              17.fall into 掉入,落入   21
3.be used as 被当做……用                             18.without doubt 毫无疑问,的确
4. make a list 列表, 列清单                          19. all of a sudden 突然,猛地
5. Don’t mention it 不客气 (用来回答感谢的)               20.make tea 沏茶
6.by mistake 错误地                                21.less than 不足
7. divide…into 把……分开                            22.know about=learn about 了解
8.look up to 钦佩, 仰慕      com                    23.at a low price 以低的价格 2
9.not only …but also …不但……而且……                  24.translate …into …把……译成……
10.in the end 最后,终于                             25. be similar to 与……相似
11.for fun 为了娱乐                                 26. take notes 做笔记
12. at the same time 同时                         27. be used for 用来做
13. dream of /about 梦见,梦到                       28. lead to 导致
14.stop …from …阻止……做某事                          29. come up with = think up 提出,想出
15. by accident 偶然, 意外地

三、语法讲解
1. with prep. 带有,  具有    与后面的名词一起构成介宾短语常作定语。shoes                 with lights 带着灯的鞋
  shoes with special heels 有特殊鞋跟的鞋
—Kelly , who’s the girl  glasses in the photo ?
—It’s me . I used to wear glasses and have long hair .
 A  by   B   of  C   on   D  with
2. such adj. 如此的,这样的,       用来修饰名词。常用结构为:              such + a / an + adj. + 单数可数名词
 =so + adj. + a / an + 单数可数名词
 This is such a nice horse . 这是一匹如此好的马。
 =
 such + adj. + 复数可数名词
 There are such good books in the library . 21cnjy.com
 such + adj. + 不可数名词
  She has made such great progress in the exam .
3.① pleased adj. 高兴的,满意的
   be pleased with 对……高兴   / 满意
    I am pleased with your answer . 我对你的回答很满意。
  ②pleasant adj. 令人愉快的,用来形容物的。
    It’s a pleasant vacation . 这是一次令人愉快的假期。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
 ③pleasure n. 高兴,   乐趣   ,  愉快
   With pleasure 非常愿意,   用来慷慨应允别人的请求的。
  My  pleasure .不客气很乐意效劳      对别人表示感谢的一种礼貌回答
 —Thank you for your help . — My pleasure .
 —Will you come with me ? — With pleasure .
4. the first / second / last to do sth . 第一个 / 第二个 / 最后一个做某事的人。
   Mr Brown is the last to leave school . 布朗先生是最后一个离开学校的。
5. happen v. 发生 指客观事件的发生,        具有偶然性、未能预见的含义。
   When did the accident happen ? 事故什么时候发生的?
   happen to do sth 碰巧做某事
   take place 发生 指某些历史事件或会议的发生以及化学、物理变化的发生,含有事先预料或计划的意思,                                   没
  有偶然的含义。
   In 1919, the May 4th Movement took place in China .
6. invent v. 发明创造,主要指发明一种世上原本不存在的东西,如电灯、收音机                          、汽车等。
  discover v. 发现 指发现一种世上本来就存在的,只是人们现在才认识到的东西,如溶洞、古迹化石等。
   When was the computer invented ? 电脑是什么时候发明的?
   Columbus discovered America in 1492 .哥伦布在 1492 年发现了美洲。
7. advise v. 建议 advise sb. to do sth . 建议某人做某事
   I advise you not to miss the early bus . 我建议你不要错过早班车。
   → n. advice 不可数名词     建议   give sb. some advice on 给某人提有关……的建议
   Teacher often gives us some useful advice on English study .
8.mistake n. 错误 make a mistake 犯错误 by mistake 错误地,无意中
v. 弄错   mistake …for …错把……当成……
He put salt into your tea by mistake 他错把盐放进你的茶里。
9.stop v. 阻止,停止   stop to do sth. (不定式作目的状语)   停下来去做某事
stop doing sth .(动名词作宾语)停止做某事
stop …(from )doing…=keep…from…=prevent…from…  阻止……做某事
The heavy rain stopped us from arriving there on time .
 大雨阻止了我们按时到达那里
10.encourage v. 鼓励 encourage sb. to do sth . 鼓励某人做某事
The teacher encouraged the students to study .
11.achieve v. 实现 ,获得   主语为人    →n. achievement 成就
 come true 实现   主语通常是“愿望、理想、梦想”等表示物的名词。
  Our dream will come true . 我们的梦想会实现的。We     have achieved our aims. 我们实现了我们的目标。
12. not only …but also …不但……而且……
  neither…nor…  既不……也不……
  either… or…或者……或者……
 这三个连接主语时动词就近原则,即:动词与靠近它的主语在人称和数上保持一致。
 both…and…  ……和……都……        连接主语时动词用复数。
13.① It is believed that … 人们相信…… / 人们认为……
 ②It is said that …据说……
 ③It is reported that…据报道……
 ④It is supposed that …据猜测……
 ⑤It is known that …众所周知……
  It is said that he got good scores in the math exam .
14 include v. 包括→prep. including 包括使用时前面用逗号隔开。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
15.the number of + 可数名词复数   “……的数量”,做主语时动词用单数。
 a number of + 可数名词复数     “许多,大量”,做主语时动词为复数。
16.lead v. 领导,引导   → pt. / pp. led → n. leader 领导者
 lead sb. to do sth . 领导某人做某事
The girl often leads the old to cross the street . 这个女孩经常领老人过马路
17. use sth. to do sth .用某物做某事 We use pens to write .我们用钢笔写字。
18. I think the TV was invented before the car. 我认为电视是在轿车之前发明的。
19. ---When was the telephone invented? --- 电话是什么时候发明的?
  --I think it was invented in 1876. ---我认为电话是在 1876 年被发明的。
20. ---What are they used for? ---他们可用来做什么?
  ---They are used for changing the style of the shoes ---他们可用来改变鞋子的样式。
21. ---When was the zipper invented? ---拉链是什么时候发明的?
  ----It was invented in 1893 .--它是在 1893 年被发明的。
22. ---Who was it invented by? ---它是由谁发明的?
  ---It was invented by Whitcomb Judson. ---它是被惠特科姆.贾德森发明的。
23. ---When was tea brought to Korea? ---茶是什么时候被带到韩国的?
  ---It was brought to Korea during the 6th and 7th centuries.
 ---它是在六至七世纪被带到韩国的。
24. ---What is the hot ice-cream scoop used for?
  这个热的冰其淋勺子是用来做什么的?
 ---It’s used for serving really cold ice-cream
 它是用来提供真正冷的冰其淋。
25.invent (v.)发明;创造
invent 指发明创造出自然界本来不存在的东西,如工具、方法、手段、汽车、电器、合成材料等。
Bell invented the telephone. 贝尔发明了电话。
Smith invented a new teaching method. 史密斯发明了一种新的教学方法。
【横向辐射】discover,    find, create
1.discover 是“发现”的意思,是指发现原来就有而一直没被发现,如发现电、煤、石油等矿藏及新星、
星系或科学真理等。
Columbus discovered America in 1492.1492 年哥伦布发现了新大陆。
Recently they have discovered a comet. 最近他们发现了一颗彗星。
2.find 的意思是“寻找”,强调找的结果,并不指发现。
I've tried to find another copy but couldn't find one. 我试图再找一本,但没能弄到。
3.create 指有目的地把原材料制成新产品,也指创造出原来不存在的或与众不同的事物。
Man creates himself. 人类创造了自己。


【课堂变式】
根据语境提示,用        invent, discover,find 或 create 的形式填空
1.When _____ the stream engine(蒸汽机) ___?
2. I can’t ____ my bike, I’m looking for it.
3. Scientists are now trying to ___ if this is possible.
4. Do you know who______ the plane?
5. He ____quite a number of wonderful characters in his play.
【解析】I.1.was,  invented 2.find 3.discover 4.invented 5. created


                                              40
                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)


26. be used for 用来做……此短语中的       for 是介词,表示用途,后接名词或动词-ing              形式。
An orange is used for medicine. 桔子可以入药。
A pen is used for writing. 钢笔用来写字。
【横向辐射】be      used as& be used by
1.be used as 意为“被用作……”,介词       as 表示“作为”,其后一般接名词,强调使用的工具及手段。
English is used as the second language in many countries.
英语在许多国家被当作第二语言使用。
This room is used as their office.这人房间被用作他们的办公室。
2.be used by 意为“被……使用”,介词       by 后面接动作的执行者(宾语)。
English is used by travelers and business people all over the world. 全世界的旅行者和商人们使用英语。
Tractors are used by the farmers. 农民使用拖拉机。


【课堂变式】
1. 在中国英语作为外语来使用。________________________
2.教师用粉笔。__________________________________
3.毛衣是用来保暖的。_________________________________
1. English is used as a foreign language in China.
2. Chalk is used by teachers.
3. A sweater is used for keeping warm.


27. pleasure n. 高兴,愉快;
常用于口语中;it’s     my pleasure. With pleasure.
It’s my pleasure to help you look after your pet cat.我感到很荣幸帮你照看你的宠物猫。
【横向辐射】please,    pleased, pleasure, pleasant 的区别
一、please
1.表请求或要求的语气。是动词(及物动词)。
-Come in, please.请进来吧。(或  Pease come in)
-Sit down, please.请坐。(或 Please sit down)
2.表“讨好,讨人喜欢;喜欢”(不及物动词)或者“使···高兴,使···满意,使···喜欢”(及物动词)
-Go where you please.你想去哪就去哪。
-What pleases you best?你最喜欢什么?
二、pleased 形容词。表示“高兴的,喜欢的,满意的”。它指的是人主观上感到的满足心理
-I'm pleased to see you!见到你真高兴!
常用句型有:be      pleased to do sth.高兴做某事
be pleased at/about/with/by 对···感到满意/高兴
be pleased that 从句 对··· 感到满意/高兴
三、pleasant 形容词。表示“令人愉快的”“让人感到满意”。主语一般为物。
The walk was very pleasant. 那次散步很(让人)愉快。
四、pleasure 名词  表示“满足;乐趣;消遣、娱乐”
It's a pleasure to read this book. 读这本书真是件乐事。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
【课堂变式】
(1)根据句意,用        pleasant, pleased 或 pleasure 填空。
1. I had a ___ time.
2. He will be ___ to help you.
3. Reading gives me great ___.
4. It gives me ___to see you looking happy.
5. We spent a ___ day in the country.
【解析】1.pleasant  2.pleased 3. pleasure 4.pleasure 5. pleasant
(2)I  think it is impossible to make everyone______.
  A. please B. pleased     C. pleasant D. pleasure
【解析】由句意可知,要让每个人高兴是不可能的。pleased                     表示“高兴的,喜欢的”;         故选  B。


28.When was it invented? 它是何时发明的?
本句用于询问某个物品的发明时间,结构为“When                  + was+某项物品+invented?”,其中       was invented 是一般过去
时的被动语态,其基本结构是“was/were            + 过去分词”
This book was bought yesterday. 这本书是昨天买的。
【课堂变式】
1.We ____not to play computer games.
A. are told B. have told    C. told   D. tell
【解析】tell   sb not to do sth.意为“告诉某人不要做某事”,这里的主语            we 是 tell 这个动作的承受
者,故应用被动语态,应选A。
2.—Will you come to the dinner party?—I won’t come unless Jenny ______.
A. will be invited  B. can be invited     C. invited       D. is invited
【解析】在     unless 引导的条件状语从句中,主句用一般将来时,从句应用一般现在时来表示将
来。根据句意“如果詹妮没有得到邀请,我就不会来。”确定选D。
3. I’m sorry you can’t go in now. The room _____ yet.
A. hasn’t been cleaned B. hasn’t cleaned C. isn’t been cleaned D. isn’t being cleaned
【解析】由     I’m sorry you can’t go in now.可知房间还没有打扫,再加上       the room 是 clean 这个动
作的承受者,应用现在完成时的被动语态,故选A。
4.A talk on science _____ in our school next Monday.
A. will give B. will be given     C. has given      D. has been given
【解析】主语      A talk 是动词  give 的承受者,应用被动语态。再根据              next Monday 确定用一般将
来时,故选B。


29.remain (v.) 保持;剩余;残余
remain 意为“停留,留下”,相等于        stay。“呆在那里”可以说      remain / stay there,但“呆在家里”只能说   stay (at) home。
She remains in the house all these days. 她这些天一直呆在那栋房子里。
They all wished us to remain. 他们都希望我们留下来。
【横向辐射】remain     作连系动词


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
remain 用作连系动词,意为“保持(某种状态),继续存在,仍旧是”,后面接形容词,名词,分词,不
定式或介词短语。
【例句】
She remained sitting when they came in.他们进来时,她仍然坐着(没有站起来)。
Peter became a manager but John remained a worker.
彼得当上了经理,但约翰仍然是一个工人。
Whatever great progress you have made, you should remain modest.
无论你取得了多么大的进步,你都应一直保持谦虚。
This remains to be proved. 这有待证实。(将来被动动作)
Whether it will do us good remains to be seen. 这是否对我们有好处,还要看一看。


【课堂变式】
The leaves ____in the water for a long time.
A. came   B. remained       C. lived    D. arrived
【解析】根据      for a long time 可知是指树叶在水中停留了很长时间,正确答案是                 B。


30. by accident 偶然地;意外地
He made this mistake by accident.他犯这个错误纯属偶然。
【课堂变式】
She found her keys _____when she cleaned her room after she lost them two weeks ago.
A. with mistake B. in this way  C. by accident       D. with pleasure
【解析】由     when she cleaned her room after she lost them two weeks ago 可知她是偶然地找到了她丢失
的钥匙,正确答案是         C。


31. In England, tea didn’t appear until around 1660.在英国,茶直到 1660 年才出现。
此句是由    until 引导的时间状语从句。not..      until 意为“只到…才…”。
She didn’t leave until I felt better.只到我感觉好点了,她才离开。
【横向辐射】until     的用法
until 常用作介词或连词,用来引导介词短语或从句在句子中作时间状语。
1. 在肯定句中,until    与延续性、持续性动词连用,表示“直到……为止”。
I worked until late in the afternoon. 我一直干到下午很晚的时候。
2. 在否定句中,until    常与瞬间动词、短暂性动词连用,表示“直到……才……”,“不到……不……”。
The rain didn’t stop until midnight. 雨直到半夜才停。
I won’t leave until you promise to help me. 你不答应帮助我,我不会离开。


【课堂变式】
—How  was your climbing Mount. Huang?
—I didn’t believe I could do it ______I got to the top.
A. until   B. while          C. after   D. and
【解析】考查连词用法。not…until…直到……才……。根据句意“直到我爬到山顶我才相信我能做到”
可知选   A。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)


32.by mistake 错误地
by mistake 是介词短语,意为“错误地;无意地;不小心地”,指由于错误的判断而千百万的失误,常在句中作
状语。
I took your bag instead of mine by mistake. 我错拿了你的手提包,还以为是我的呢。
Susan forgot her key and locked herself out by mistake. 苏珊忘了带钥匙,误把自己关在门外了。
【横向辐射】mistake...for…
mistake...for…把……错认为,    错把……当作
She mistook him for the professor.她把他错当作教授了。


【课堂变式】
—I’m sorry I’ve taken your dictionary ____ because they have the same color.
—It doesn’t matter.
A. at once B. by mistake C. in general D. as well
【解析】由     because they have the same color 可知是错拿了词典,正确答案是       B。


33.George wanted to make the customer happy. 乔治想让顾客开心.句中的   make 意为“使得”,happy     是形容词,作
宾语  you 的补足语,对宾语起补充说明作用,常用的结构为“make+名词/代词+形容词”。
The bad news makes her sad. 那个坏消息使得她伤心不已。
A boy broke the window. It made the headmaster angry.
一个孩子打碎了玻璃。这使得校长很生气。
【温馨提示】
当宾语是不定式短语或从句时,多用               it 作形式宾语。
I made it a condition that everybody must be on time. 我提出一个条件,人人都要准时。
The heavy rain made it impossible for us to go out. 大雨使得我们无法出去。
【横向辐射】make      的其他相关句式
1.“make+宾语+n”意为‘使/让某人         / 某物(成为)……”。
【例句】
We made him captain of our football team. 我们推选他作我们足球队队长。
We made him our monitor. 我们选他当班长。
2.“make+宾语+do    sth”意为“使某人做某事”。        在被动语态中,此类结构中省略的动词不定式                    to 要
还原。
Our teacher makes us feel more confident. 老师使得我们感到更自信了。
The boy was made to work twelve hours a day. 这个男孩被迫每天干十二个小时的活。


【课堂变式】
What do you think     her        ?
A. make; sad B. makes; sadly C. made; sad D. made; sadly
【解析】what    作主语时,谓语动词要用第三要称单数形式,可排除                    A。再根据“make    + sb. / sth. + adj.”
确定选   C。sadly 是副词形式。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
34.divide (v.) 分开;划分
divide …into 意为“把……划分为……”        ,be divided into 意为“划分为”。
This class is too large; we shall have to divide it for oral practice
这个班级太大,我们必须把它分成小班作口语练习。
This river divides at its mouth. 这条河在河口处分岔。
His lecture divides into three parts.他的演讲分三部分。
Let's divide ourselves into several groups. 我们分成几个小组吧。
We have d____ ourselves into three groups since this term.
【解析】自从本学期开始就已经把我们自己分成了三个组。have                         在此是助动词,空格处要填过去
分词,再根据      divide …into…确定填  divided。


35.It is believed that the first basketball game in history was played on December 21st, 1891,. 人们认为 1891 年 12 月
21 日是历史上的第一次篮球比赛的日子。
本句中的    It is believed that... 相当于 people believe that...是“人们相信/认为“的意思,that 引导的是主语从句。
It is believed that by the year 2010, the population of the world will be seven billion.(=People believe that by the year
2010, the population of the world will be seven billion.)
人们都认为到      2010 年,世界人口将达到七十亿。
我不知道这所学校,但据说是非常好的一所学校。
I don’t know the school, but _____it is quite a good one.
【解析】it   is said that

                                          Unit   7
重点短语
have part-time jobs 拥有兼职工作            get their ears pieced 穿耳洞
sixteen-year-olds 十六岁大的人              be allowed to do 被允许做
be excited about 对……感到兴奋              take lots of photos 照很多照片
use a flash 用闪光灯                      stay by my side 陪伴在我身边
by ten  到十点                           decide for oneself 为自己做决定
take the test 参加考试                    pass the test 通过考试
fail the test 通过考试                    be strict with 对……严格要求
be serious about 对……很严肃               on the school team 在校队上
a running star 一个赛跑明星                 end up doing 以……告终
driver’s license 驾照                   talk back 顶嘴
keep…away from 远离                     get in the way of 挡……的路,妨碍
have scary dreams 做恶梦                  No way 绝对不行
choose to do sth.选择做某事                 give me a hug 拥抱我
think back to these times 回想起那段时光      fail to do sth.未能做某事
be against doing sth .反对做某事            spend …on/doing sth.花费… 做某事
spend…  with…和一起度过                   care about 关心,在意
重点句型
1. Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes.
2. Only then will I have a chance to achieve my dream.(only 接副词,介词短语,状语从句等句子要倒装)


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
知识讲解    Section A
1. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to drive. 应该允许十六岁的孩子开车。
解析  1:sixteen-year-olds = sixteen-year-old boys and girls
区别于:sixteen-year-old 十六岁大的,相当于形容词
解析  2:  allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事
其被动结构为:Sb       be allowed to do sth 某人被允许做某事
eg. Teenagers should be allowed to go to the movies.青少年应该允许去看电影。
另外注意:allow    doing 允许做…
eg. We don’t allow eating in the classrooms. 我们不允许在教室吃东西。
1)  I ________ to have a part-time job.
A  am not allow   B not allow C don’t allow D am not allowed
2)_________middle school students allowed to use phone in school?
A Do   B Did       C Are   D Can
2. Sixteen-year-olds should be allowed to get their ears pieced.
解析:     get ears pierced 让人穿耳
get / have sth done(过去分词) 让/请某人做某事
 eg. We had some photos taken in Beijing 在北京,我们请人拍了几张照片。
      My computer is broken. I have to have it mended. 我的电脑坏了,我得请人修理它。
翻译:你把你的头发剪了吗?______________________________________(           get / have sth done)
3.They aren’t serious enough. 他们不够严肃。
解析  1: serious 严肃的,认真的      be serious about 对……很严肃
解析  2:enough  足够的
adj./adv. +enough            n.+ enough (注意 enough 的位置)
The room is big enough for the meeting 这个房间用来开会够大了。
I have enough money to buy the house .我有足够的钱买那套房子。
4. He should stop wearing that silly earring.
解析:stop   停止做   stop to do 停下来去做(另一件事)stop         doing 停止做(正在做的事)stop         from doing 阻止
某人做
1)The teacher stopped _________(talk) to us when we went into the office. 当我们走进办公室的时候,老师停下
来与我们谈话。
2)We  stopped ______________ (talk) when the teacher came in. 当老师进来的时候,我们停止了谈话。
3)The heavy rain stopped them from ____________ (go) to the party. 那场大雨阻止了他们去参加那个聚会。
5. When I was a tiny baby crying all night, my mom sang to me and stayed by my side.
当我是个小宝宝整夜哭闹的时候,妈妈依偎在我身旁,唱歌送我入梦乡。
解析:cry  v.哭;喊叫    cry – cried - cried
crying all night 是现在分词(短语)作后置定语。
解析  2:  tiny adj.极小的;微小的       tiny – tinier – tiniest
短语:sing  to sb. 唱歌给某人听           stay by my side 陪伴在我身边
6. When I was two running through the field, she made sure I was safe and kept me from danger.
当我两岁在田野里奔跑的时候,她确保我的安全,让我远离危险。
解析  1:through 立体空间的穿过        across 物体表面上横穿
It is dangerous to go ______ the road when the traffic lights are red. 红灯亮时过马路是很危险的。
解析  2:keep me from danger 让我远离危险
 keep sb. form n./doing =stop sb. form n./doing= prevent sb. form n./doing 防止某人做某事
翻译:雨伞可以保护你不被淋湿。_____________________________________________.
7.When I fell and hurt myself, she gave me a hug and lifted me up.当我摔倒受伤的时候,她给我拥抱,扶我站好。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
解析  1:give me a hug 给我一个拥抱
解析  2:lift me up 举起我  lift v.举起;抬起   n.电梯;搭便车      lift the hand 举起手 take the lift 搭电梯 give sb. a
lift 让某人搭便车
This box is too heavy for me to lift.
He took the lift to the top floor. 他搭电梯来到顶楼
8.I regret talking back, not listening to Mom.我真后悔呀!后悔不该顶嘴,后悔没听妈妈的忠告。
解析:    regret v.后悔
regret to do sth. 后悔要做某事      regret doing sth. 后悔做过某事
I regret disturbing you so long.我很抱歉打扰了你那么久
解析  2:talk back 回嘴,顶嘴,后用介词          to 接入顶嘴的对象
I talked back loudly to my mother.

9. come true 是指梦想实现,主语为物;achieve           主语是人    My  dream came  true. I achieved my goals.

                                          巩固练习
一  选择填空。
(  )1.We _____ to go to the movies on Friday nights.A. allowed B. are allowed C. were allowed D. allow
(  )2.I don’t think children should be allowed ____.A. drive B. driving C. drives D. to drive
(  )3.They talk instead of _____.A. work B. to work C. working D. works
(   )4. “Are you going there with us?” “If Mary wants to go, ______.”A. I also go B. so do I C. so will I D. so I
will
(  )5.We should do something to stop children from_____ that silly earring. A. to wear B. wear C. wearing D.
wears
(  )6.Something wrong with my radio. I’ll get it ____.A. repair B. repairing C. repaired D. repairs
(  )7.You should stop _____ that coat. It look ugly. A. to wear B. wears C. wearing D. wore
(  )8.Jim doesn’t do his homework _____, so he always makes a lot of mistakes.
A. careful enough   B. enough careful C. carefully enough  D. enough carefully
(  )9.I don’t like playing basket ball, and _____ he. A. so doesn’t B. neither do C. neither does D. nor does
(  )10. You ______ here tomorrow if you have something important to do.
A. needn’t to come     B. don’t need to come C. needn’t coming    D. don’t need coming
(  )11. The little boy wrote a ______ letter to his uncle.
A. five-hundred-words B. five-hundred-word C. five-hundreds-word D. five-hundreds-words
(  )12.—He used to be a teacher, _____ he?—Yes, _____. He taught us English 10 years ago.
A. does, so did he    B. did, so he did C. did, so did he    D. does , so he does
Section B

1. Parents should not be too strict with teenagers. 家长不应该对青少年太严格。
解析:    be strict with sb.对某人严格要求       be strict in sth. 对某事严格要求
eg. ① Our teacher is very strict ______ his job.② We should be strict ______ ourselves.
2. Are you allowed to make your own decisions?
解析:    make one’s own decision 自己做决定     decision 是名词,常用于     make a decision/make decisions
decide 是动词,常用于    decide to do       decide on sth./doing sth.
3. But sometimes these can get in the way of their schoolwork. 但是有时这些会妨碍他们的学业。
解析:get   in the way of 阻碍某人某事,当道        反义:    get out of the way 不挡道
You mustn’t let your social life get in the way of your studies. 你千万别让社交生活影响你的学业。
拓展:有关     way 的短语
by the way 随便说一下    in a way 在某种程度上     in this way 用这个方法    no way 没门儿


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
lose one’s way 迷路    on one’s way home 在某人回家的路     in any way 无论如何
4. His parents won’t allow him to train as much as he would like to. 他的父母不允许他按意愿去训练。
      as...as :和一样
解析:   
      not as / so...as :和不一样;不如
      
      as...as sb can  as...as possible :尽可能地
注意:as…as   中间只能用形、副的原形
eg.①She works as hard as her sister. 她工作和她姐姐一样努力。
  ②He doesn't play the piano as well as me. 他弹钢琴不如我好。
  ③Please come back as soon as you can/ possible 请尽快回来。
5. Only then will I have a chance of achieving my dream.只有那样我才会有实现自己梦想的机会。
解析  1:of achieving = to achieve 作定语
解析  2:  “only + 状语”开头时,句子要倒装
               介词短语、副词、状语从句等
eg.(1)Only after a year did I begin to see the result of my work 只是过了一年后,我才开始看到工作的成果。
  (2)Only when the war was over was Einstein to go back to his work.只是在战争结束后,爱因斯坦才将重返工作。
但注意::    only+名词或代词开头不能倒装。
eg. Only he can speak English.只有他会说英语。
1)Only when you realize the importance of foreign languages_____ them well.
A. you can learn B. can you learn C. you learned D. did you learn
2)Only when _____ in the afternoon _____ able to leave.
 A. the match was over; they were B. was the match over; were they
C. was the match over; they were D. the match was over; were they
3)Only when the rain stopped _____ again.
A. the match started   B. does the match start C. did the match start D. the match had started
6.succeed,success,successful 的区别和用法
succeed 表示“成功”,是不及物动词,因此不能用于被动语态。                       表示做某事做成功了,succeed          后通常不接
不定式,而接      in doing sth。 success 表示抽象意义的“成功”,是不可数的;表示具体意                 义的“成功的人或事”,
则是可数的。
◆失败是成功之母。         Failure is the mother of success. Successful 形容词,成功的。

                                          Unit8

知识必背
1.belong  v 属于  = be owned by
   belong to +人名(不能用所有格)/         +代词宾格(不能用物主代词)              属于
【注】:belong  to 不能用于进行时态或被动形式,其主语常常是物。
         Sth belongs to sb = sth is sb’s
【辨析】belong   to someone 和  be someone’s
(1)belong to  +   名词或宾格代词。
(2)be  someone’s  意思是   be + 名词所有格或名词性物主代词
2.go on a picnic = go for a picnic 去野餐 have a picnic 野餐
3. who → whose →  whom
 (1)who pron. 谁 是主格,做主语时,谓语动词用单数                      —  Who is on duty?  —  I am.
 (2)whose  adj. &pron.“谁的”,可以作定语后(跟名词)或主语,


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
whose+一般疑问句/whose     +名词+一般疑问句,       用于询问东西的主人,回答是用名词所有格或名词性物主代词
 —Whose  book is this? =Whose is the book?  —  It’s Tom’s/It’s mine.
 (3)whom   pron. 谁的  ,是宾格,在句中做介词、动词的宾语
4. attend v 出席;参加             attend a meeting 出席会议
【辨析】     join/take part in/attend
(1)join 指加入某个党派,       团体组织等,     成为其中一员,      意为“    参军,   入党,  入团   ”。
     join the Army/the Party/the League
     join sb. in (doing) sth. 和某人一道做某事
     join in 多指参加小规模的活动如“游戏,          比赛”,   口语中常用。        Join in the basketball game. 参加篮球赛。
(2)take part in 指参加群众性活动,       着重说明主语参加该项活动并在活动中发挥作用。
   We’ll take part in the sports meeting/club.
     take an active part in 积极参加……
(3)attend  正式用语,vt.     指参加会议,     婚礼,  葬礼,   典礼;  去上课,    上学,  听报告等。句子主语只是去听,             去
看, 自己不一定起积极作用。
      attended a concert            Did you attend the meeting last Sunday?
5.value n 价值  →   valuable adj. 贵重的;很有用的;宝贵的
6.remember   v 记住(反)       forget
(1)remember doing sth 记得做过某事(已做了)
(2) remember to do sth 记住要做某事(还没做)
7.rest v 休息   n 剩余部分
 “the rest of +名词 ”时,谓语动词的数要与          the rest of 所表示的名词的数保持一致
(   ) The rest of the students ____ in the classroom A. is studying B. are studying C. be studying D. is studied
8.pick up ①接电话     Tom, I called you, but you didn’t pick up
         ② 捡起;拾起       I pick up a wallet on my way home
         ③(开车)接某人          I will pick you up at the station
         ④学到;获得        He was picking up the skills quickly.
9.noise n 噪音 →  noisy adj. 吵闹的→noisily adv 吵闹地    make a noise 制造噪音
 noise, voice 与 sound 辨析:
(1) noise 意为“噪声”
(2) voice 意为“声音”,多指人的说话声、歌声和笑声等。
(3) sound 可以指听到的自然界的一切声音。
10. policemen n 男警察  (pl) policemen   →   policewoman 女警察   (pl) policewomen
【短语】police   station 警察局     police car 警车  call the police 报警
【注】police  n 警察    (集体名词,做主语时,谓语动词用复数形式)The                    police are looking for the lost child.
11.else      or else 否则,要不然
else 与 other 的区别: 二者均有“别的;其他的”意思,
⑴else 修饰疑问词或不定代词,放所修饰词之后;
【注】当    else 修饰不定代词时,       所有格应该放在       else 上,而不应该放在不定代词上,            somebody else. Anybody
else 等的所有格形式是       somebody else’s ; anybody else’s 等
⑵  other 修饰名词,且放名词前。
【记】    — Is he taller than any __________ student in his class?
       — So he is . He is taller than anybody ________ in his class.
12.see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在做某事(         强调动作正在发生)
    see sb. do sth. 看见某人做某事        (强调发生的整个过程)
 13.run away =escape v 逃跑,逃脱
    run off (从容器中溢出;流出)        run out (of) ____________ run after __________


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
14. sure   adj. 一定的,可靠的
(1)be sure to do sth 一定要,务必,一定会(表推测判断)Be         sure ________(write) to me as soon as you arrive there.
(2) be sure of/about doing sth 确信,对……有把握          I’m sure of success.
(3) be sure + that 从句 确信,认为……一定会                 I’m  sure that he’ll pass the exam.
(4) make sure 弄清,查明
★15.wolf  n. 狼    wolves (复数) →    以 f (e) 结尾的名词,其复数形式改          f (e) 为______再加______。
    妻子骑牛拿起刀,追得贼狼满街跑;碰到架子丧己命,手帕树叶半空飞。
顺口溜中的名词:wife(妻子),knife(小刀),wolf(狼),            thief(小偷),shelf(架子),
               self(自己),  life(生命),  half(一半),leaf(树叶)。
16.There be sb./sth. doing sth. 有某人某物正在做某事
there ____________意为“一定有”;
there be 句型和情态动词连用时,表示对现有情况的猜测,其结构形式:there+情态动词+be+名词。
17.have fun ________ sth.表示“做某事有乐趣”。      =have a good time doing sth. =enjoy doing sth.
   I have fun flying kites. 我享受放风筝的乐趣。
18.wonder v /n 希望知道;惊奇;奇迹(=want        to know)
   →  wonderful adj. 奇妙的    →   Wonderfully adv. 非常好地
    No wonder + 句子    “难怪.....”      No wonder you are angry. 难怪你觉得生气。
19.hear sb/sth doing sth 听见某人/某物正在做某事
listen to/hear 辨析:
(1)listen/listen to 听,侧重听的“过程“
(2)hear 听,侧重听的“结果”
hear sb. do sth 听见某人做某事            I often hear him sing in the room.
hear sb. doing sth 听见某人正在做某事      I hear him singing in the room
hear of/about 听说    hear from =receive a letter from sb. 收到某人的来信
20. I’m sorry to hear that.= Sorry to hear that. 听到这件事我很难过(指听到别人不幸的消息时的用语)
21.crowded adj. 拥挤的;挤满的
be crowded with 一般指人多    用于人的挤满,       重在表现一种拥挤的状态
22. sleepy adj. 困倦的;瞌睡的
sleep (slept; slept) v“睡觉” → sleepy adj. “困倦的;疲惫的”
sleepy  “困倦的”可做表语和定语               feel sleepy 感到疲倦
sleeping “正在睡觉的“可做定语和表语                the sleeping baby 熟睡的婴儿
asleep  “睡着的”,     只做表语    fall asleep 入睡
23.suit v 适合,符合   →  suitable adj. 适合的 n. “一套衣服。一套西装”
  (1) be suitable for 适合于
  (2) suit sb. 适合某人,指衣服、鞋等颜色、款式上适合
suit/ fit 辨析:
suit 合适    侧重指颜色、款式或时间,食物、状况等适合
fit 适合     侧重指大小、尺寸合体。
The shoes suit you well.这双鞋子适合你(侧重颜色、款式适合)             The shoes fit you well. (侧重大小合脚)
24. ________________________ 不但…  而且…   用来连接两个并列的成分
【注】:(1)连接两个主语时,谓语动词遵循                  就近   原则谓语应于      but also 后的主语的人称和数保持一致。
①Not only Lily but (also) ____________ cat. 不仅莉莉而且你也喜欢猫。
②Not only you but (also) ____________cat. 不仅你而且莉莉喜欢猫。
常见的就近原则的结构有:
     _____________________________________________________________________________________
★25.receive(客观收到)  "收到",强调客观上收到这一事实,不表明是否愿意接受


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
    He received a present yesterday, but he didn't accept it.
    accept(主观上接受)      “接受”,    主动地或自愿地接受,带有“满意;同意;认可”等意味,其反义词为
refuse  He accepted a present from his mother.
【记】I   _______ his invitation but I didn’t _______ it.
26.medicine n. 药    →medical   adj. 医疗的;医学的
  take medicine 吃药    medical research 医疗研究      Chinese medicine 中药
27.“one of the+形容词的最高级+名词复数”表示“最……之一”,其作主语时,
28.arrive in +大地点= arrive at +小地点 = get to +地点=reach +地点
29.prevent v. 阻止;阻挠
prevent sb from doing sth =stop sb. from doing sth =keep sb from doing sth=阻止某人做某事
Nothing can prevent us from carrying out the plan. 什么也无法阻挡我们去实施这个计划。
30. ill → illness n.“病;疾病”
ill /sick 辨析 :
(1) sick adj.“生病的”,既可放     be (系动词)后作表语,也可放          n.前作定语。
 be sick of …“讨厌;厌恶……”           sick person = patient“病人”
(2) ill adj.“生病的”,只能放     be (系动词)后作表语,       be ill in hospital 生病住院
当放  n.前作定语时译为“坏的;恶劣的”(=              bad)。
31.keep → kept →kept v 留住;保持
 (1)keep +adj. 使保持……      keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康 keep quiet =be quiet 保持安静
 (2)keep sb. doing sth 使某人一直做某事       (3)keep sb. from doing sth 阻止某人做某事
 (4)keep away from 远离……
11.“As you walk there, you can feel the energy from your feet climb up your body,” said one visitor. “当你走到那
儿的时候,你能感觉到从你的脚底散发出的能量上升到你的身体里”                             ,一名游客说。
【解析】energy   n 能量,活力     →  energetic adj. 精力充沛的,有活力的
Young people usually have more energy than the old.年轻人通常比老年人更有活力。
He is an energetic boy.他是个精力充沛的男孩。
                                         重点语法

1.must, may, might, could, may, can’t+动词原形 表示推测,程度不同
must 一定,肯定(100%的可能性)
may, might, could 有可能, 也许(20%-80%的可能性)
can’t 不可能,   不会(可能性几乎为零)
The dictionary must be mine. It has my name on it.
The CD might/could/may belong to Tony, because he likes listening to pop music.
 The hair band can’t be Bob’s. After all, he is boy!
情态动词表推测,可能性:must>           can/could> may/might
1.must 表示对现在的状态或现在正在发生的事情的推测,后面通常接系动词                             be 的原形。
You have studied for five hours. You must be tired. 你已经学习五个小时了,一定累了。
2.“may/might/could+动词原形”多用于肯定句,其“推测,判断”的语气不确定。may“也许,可能”;might
不表示过去时态,只表示语气较             may 更弱,意为“或许,大概”。
I don't know where she is. She may be in New York. 我不知道她在哪儿,她可能在纽约。
The guitar might be Jane's. She plays the guitar.这把吉他可能是简的。她弹吉他。
3.“can/could not+动词原形”用于否定句或疑问句中,表示否定推测或判断,有“不可能”之意。用                                  can't 还
是用  couldn't,不存在时态差异,只是         can't 的语气较   couldn't 强。
There is no light in the room. She can't be at home now.房间里没有灯光。她现在不可能在家里。
That man can't be Mr. Black. He is much taller. 那个人不可能是布莱克先生。他高得多。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)

【语法强化训练】
(   )1.—Listen! Is that Kate playing the piano in the room?
       —No, it ________ be her. She has gone to London with her parents.
      A.may not      B.needn't   C.mustn't       D.can't
(   )2.—Susan has bought a large house with a swimming pool.
       —It ________ be very expensive. I never even dream about it.
      A.must       B.might     C.can't        D.shouldn't
(   )3.He ________ in his office. I phoned to his office just now, but no one answered.
      A.may be     B.can't be    C.mustn't be      D.needn't be
(   )4.John ________ be at home because he has just phoned me from a nearby town.
      A.mustn't     B.is not able to  C.can't      D.may  not
(   )5.—Where is Jim, please?
       —He ________ be in the reading room. I saw him reading there a moment ago.
      A.will       B.need       C.would         D.Must
(   )6. — Excuse me. Is this the right way to the Summer Palace?
      —  Sorry, I am not sure. It ________ be.
      A. might      B. will      C. must        D. can
(   )7. —  Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there?
       — No, it ____ be him—I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses.
      A.can’t        B. must not     C. won’t        D. may not
(   )8.You ______ be tired—you’ve only been working for an hour.
      A. must not    B. won’t        C. can’t       D. may not
(   )9. — Is John coming by train?
       —He should, but he ________ not. He likes driving his car.
      A. must       B. can         C. need        D. may
【2013·莱芜】     Students in our school________ know shouting is not allowed in the library.
      A.can          B.may         C.must         D.need
【2013·贺州】The     woman who is talking with Mr. Brown______ be Miss Li. She has gone to England.
      A.can't         B.must      C.may            D.mustn't


                                         Unit    9

词组必背
sing along with 跟着一起唱                           9. have a happy ending 有一个快乐的结局
2. the music that can dance to 能跟着跳舞的音乐         10. seem less serious 似乎不严重
3. play different kinds of music 演奏不同种类的音乐      11. plenty of 大量,充足
4. a long week at work 一周长时间的上班                 12. shut off 关闭
5. have spare time 有空闲时间                        13. once in a while 偶尔,间或
6. in that case 如果那样的话                          14. write their own lyrics 自己作词
7. feel like doing sth 感觉想做某事                   15. sing the words clearly 唱词清楚
8. stick to 坚持,固守                               16. Chinese folk music 中国民俗音乐


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
17. sense a strong sadness and pain             23. play the hero 扮演英雄人物
   感觉到强烈的悲伤与痛苦                                  24. during his lifetime 在他的一生中
18. look up 查阅                                  25. solve problems 解决问题
19. in total 总计                                 26.provide plenty of information 提供很多信息
20. China’s national treasures 中国的民族瑰宝          27.save the world in time 及时拯救世界
21. spread joy 传播快乐                             28.not...anymore 不再
22. do an excellent job 表现优异                    29.painful experiences 痛苦的经历
                                                30.get married 结婚
句子必背
1.I don’t mind action movies like Spider- Man when I’m too tired to think.
当我疲惫不堪不想思考的时候,我不介意看像蜘蛛侠这样的动作片。
2.I always bring a friend who isn’t afraid of these kinds of movies and it doesn’t feel so scary anymore.
.我总是带上一个不怕这类电影的朋友,它就不再令人感到恐怖了。
3.When I’m down or tired, I prefer movies that can cheer me up.
当我失落或疲惫的时候,我更喜欢能使我振作起来的电影。
4.The piece which was played on the erhu especially moved me. The music was strangely beautiful, but under the
beauty I sensed a strong sadness and pain.
由二胡演奏的这首乐曲特别打动我。这音乐出奇的美,但是在美丽的下面我感到一种强烈的伤感和痛苦。
5.It was one of the most moving pieces of music that I’ve ever heard。
它是我曾经听过的最令人感动的乐曲之一。
6The erhu sounded like someone crying, and I almost cried along with it as I listened.
二胡的声音听起来像是某个在哭泣,我几乎要边听边随着音乐哭起来了。
7.The music was written by Abing, a folk musician who was born in the city of Wuxi in 1893.
这首音乐是阿炳写的,一位            1893 年出生在无锡市的民间音乐家。
Abing’s father taught him to play many musical instruments, such as the drums, dizi and erhu, and by age 17, Abing
was known for his musical ability.
阿炳的父亲教他弹奏很多的乐器,如鼓、笛子和二胡,到                        17 岁的时候,阿炳因他的音乐才能而出名。
8. For several years, he had no home. He lived on the streets and played music to make money. Even after Abing
got married and had no home again, he continued to sing and play on the streets. He performed in this way for many
years.
几年了,他没有家。他住在街上,靠演奏音乐赚钱。即使在阿炳结婚之后,再次有了家,他还是继续在街上演
唱并弹奏音乐。他以这种形式表演很多年。
10.Abing’s amazing musical skills made him very popular during his lifetime. By the end of his life, he could play over
600 pieces of music.
 在他的一生中,阿炳令人惊叹的音乐技能使他很受欢迎。在他生命结束的时候,他能演奏                                     600 多首乐曲。

重点点拨:
1. prefer 的用法:prefer  本身就含有比较的意思,相当于“like…better”,其过去式和过去分词均为                       preferred。
  1)prefer + n/ pron 更喜欢…    如:我更喜欢语文。         I _________Chinese.
  2)prefer sth. to sth.比起…更喜欢…=  like sth better than sth
     如:比起物理我更喜欢英语。
      Iprefer math to physics.= I like English better than physics.
  3)prefer to do sth 更愿意干某事     We prefer ____________(visit) Paris.
  4)prefer doing A. to doing B. =prefer to do A rather than do B =would rather do A than do B 宁愿做 A 而不愿做 B
     I prefer__________________(stay) at home to_______________(go) to a party.
    = I prefer _______ ________ (stay) at home rather than ___________ (go) to a party.


                                              53
                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
    = I __________ __________ stay at home ______________ _____________( go )to a party.
    I prefer English to math. = I like English __________ _____________ math .
活学活用
(   )(1) —How about going shopping this weekend, Peter?—Sorry. I prefer ________ rather than ________.
  A.to stay at home; go out B.to go out; stay at home C.staying at home; go out D.going out; stay at home
(   )(2)Mr. Brown prefers ________ to________ in his fifties.
  A.walk; run         B.walking; running      C.to walk; run            D.walking; run
2. suppose v. 推断;料想
(1)suppose 后可加 that 引导的从句,且句中       that 可省略。
  I suppose (that) he is about forty. 我猜他大概四十岁。
(2)be supposed to do sth.表示“______________”。 =______________________
单选:[2013·菏泽]    You are _____to type quickly when talking to each other on QQ so the other person doesn't get
bored.
     A.suggested         B.supported    C.taught         D.supposed
3. stick v. 粘贴;将……插入
stick 的过去式是________,过去分词是________。stick        作______词时,意思是“枯枝;棍;手杖”。
stick to 坚持;固守
Stick ________ your dreams. And they will come true one day. A.to B.with    C.for       D.of
4. look up (在词典、参考书中或通过电脑)          查阅;抬头看
  look up 是“动词+副词”短语,________若作其宾语,需要放在                look 和 up________。
  [拓展]
  look through____________ look like _____________ look out____________ look for____________
  look at_________________ look after____________ look over______________
活学活用
(   )(1)Linda, I have to go shopping now. Please ________ your little sister at home.
     A.look for       B.look like   C.look after           D.look  up
(   )(2)[2013·杭州] This morning I ________ some new restaurants on the Internet for I wanted to take Mary to a
     nice restaurant for her birthday. A.picked up   B.looked up   C.cleaned up
     D.gave up
5. perform v. 表演;执行  performer n. 演奏者   performance n. 演出
  用 perform 的适当形式填空
  (1) The singer has never ____________ in Beijing before. (2) He is a great ____________ .We like him very
much.
  (3) Do you like the _____________ that we saw last night?
6.plenty of, lots of / a lot of, many 与 much
(1)plenty of 前面没有冠词,既可以修饰可数名词的复数形式,也可以修饰不可数名词,只能用于________中,
不能用于否定句和疑问句中。
(2)a lot of 与 lots of 后面既可以修饰________________,也可以修饰____________。
(3)many 后面接__________________形式。(4)much    后面接_______________________。
练习:
(   )(1)There are a lot ________ students on the playground. A.of B.in    C.by        D.for
(   )(2)There is ________ milk in the kitchen. A.a plenty of B.plenty of C.the plenty of D.plenties
of
7. It is a pity that only six pieces of music in total were recorded for the future world to hear, but his popularity


                                              54
                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
continues to this day. 遗憾的是总共仅有六首音乐被记录了下来,为后世所听,但是他的受欢迎程度持续到了今
天。
该句的句型是“It+be+名词+that        从句”。此类名词有        a shame, a fact, an honor, a good thing, good news 等。
我们这周末去看电影是一个好主意。
__________ ______  ________  __________  ___________ ________  we go to a movie this weekend.

重点语法
定语从句:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫_________.被修饰的词叫先行词.                               定语从句放在先行词
的____面。
引导定语从句的关联词称为关系词,关系词分为关系代词和关系副词。关系代词主要有                                    that, which, who, whom,
whose, as 等;关系副词主要有       where, when, why, how 等。who 一般指人,which    一般指物,而      that 既可指人也
可指物。当关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时,关系代词常可省略;当关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,则不能
省略。
关系词有三个作用:(1)引导定语从句;(2)代替先行词;(3)在定语从句中充当一个成分。
关系代词    who/ that 在定语从句中做主语时,谓语动词的单复数应与先行词保持一致。.
练习:选词填空
1.I like music ______ (who, that)____________(have,has)great lyrics. 2.I prefer the singer who _______ (sing,
sings) well.
3.I like musicians _____ (who, that)__________(write,writes) their own songs.
4.I prefer groups that _____________(play, plays) quiet and gentle songs.
用关系代词     that 或 who 填空

1. The man__________spoke to me in the street is my uncle. 2. The book__________I put away is a new one.

3. He talked about the teachers and schools__________he had visited.

4. The man__________we visited yesterday is a famous writer. 5. She likes movies__________have scary

monsters.
考点  1. 关系代词:   that, which, who, whom, whose 关系副词: when, where, why.
a. that-既可指人,也可指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略。
 There are lots of things ________ I need to prepare before the trip. A. who B. that C. whom D.
whose
b. which-指物,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可省略。
 This is the dictionary ________ Mum gave me for my birthday. A. which B. what C. whose D. whom
c. who-一般指人,作主语,不能省略;作宾语,可以省略,(常用                       whom)
 Jamie is a young cook ________ wants to improve school dinners. A. who B. whose C. whom D.
which
d. whose 作定语,表示所属关系。
 I like the teacher ________ classes are very interesting and creative. A. which B. who C. what D. whose
考点  2. 当关系代词在定语从句中作主语时,定语从句的谓语动词形式由先行词的单复数决定。
       1). I prefer shoes that are cool. 2). I like a cake that is really delicious.
考点  3. 定语从句的关系代词只能用           that 而不用   which 的几种情况:
(1)当先行词是    anything,everything,nothing (something 除外), few, all, none, little, some 等不定代词,或由 every,
   any, all, some, no, little, few, much 等修饰时。如:


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
   There is little that I can do for you.我几乎不能为你做任何事。
   Is there anything that I can do for you?有什么我能为你做的吗?
  注意:当先行词指人时,也可以用              who。如:
  Any man that/who has a sense of duty won't do such a thing. 但凡有点责任感的人都不会做这种事。
(2)当先行词被序数词修饰时。如:
  The first place that they visited in London was Big Ben. 他们在伦敦参观的第一站是大本钟。
(3)当先行词被形容词最高级修饰时。如:
   This is the best film that I have ever seen.这是我所看过的最好的一部电影。
(4)当名词被   the very, the only, the same, the last 等修饰时。如:
  This is the very dictionary that I want to buy.这正是我想要买的那本词典。
  注意:当先行词指人时,也可以用              who。如:
  Wang Hua is the only person in our school that/who will attend the meeting.
  王华是我校将出席此会议的仅有的一人。
(5)当先行词前面有      who, which 等疑问代词时。如:
   Who is the man that is standing there? 站在那儿的那个人是谁?
(6)当先行词既有人,又有物时。如:
  Can you remember the scientist and his theory that we have learned?你能记住我们所学过的那位科学家及其理
论吗?


定语从句专题练习        (见讲义)

                                        Unit    10
重点短语
1.drop by 顺便拜访=drop  in on sb 顺便拜访某人              all the way 一路上
  =drop in at sp=come over to sp 顺便拜访某地           no way 休想,没门
2.after all 毕竟/终归 first of all 首先,最重要的是           by the way 顺便提一下,另外
  not...at all 根本不,全然不  all of a sudden 突然        in a way 在某点,在某种程度上
3.get mad at sb=be angry with sb 对某人生气            by way of 经由,通过     „„ 方式
  be/ get mad about sth= be angry at sth 因某事而生气   get in the way 挡道 in one's / the way 妨碍,阻碍
4.make an effort to do sth 作出努力去干什么               in this way 用这种方法
5.clean sth off 把…擦掉(代词要放在中间)                     lead the way 带路,引路
  clean up 把……打扫干净                                lose one's way 迷路
6.take off 脱下/起飞---put on 穿上;戴上                   on the / one's way (to) 在去„„的路上
  put off doing sth 推迟,延期干某事                    8.make sb feel at home 使某人宾至如归   make sb +动词
  take care 小心 take charge of 负责,看管  take hold      原形
  of 握住  take off 脱下/(飞机等)起飞     take out 取出    9.人 be used to doing 习惯于 物 be used to do sth 被用
  take a look 看一看  take away 拿走   take exercise     来干
  做运动    take it easy 不紧张 take one’s time 从容不   10shake hands with sb= shake one’s hands 握手
  迫                                             11.Sb be supposed to do 被期望做/应该做=should    do
7.go out of one’s way to do sth = try one’s best to do sth sth=be expected to do
  特地/格外努力地干什么                                   12.Sb be expected to do 被期待着做=look   forward to


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
   doing sth                                      stick to 坚持
13.be important to do sth (做)…是重要的              28.on the plate 在盘子里  on the table 在桌子上
14.for the first time 首次,第一次                    29.hit an empty bowl 撞击一个空碗
15.make some mistakes 犯一些错误                     30.the biggest challenge 最大的挑战
  mistake …for 把……误认为……                         31.a European 一个欧洲人     a European country 一个欧
  by mistake 错误地  mistake—mistook—mistaken      洲国家
16.the welcome party 欢迎晚会                       32.have a good time/have fun / enjoy oneself doing sth
17.make friends with sb 同……交朋友(不用    a friend)    在干某事方面       玩得高兴/过得愉快
18.be expected to do 被期待着…                      33.learn how to do sth 学会怎样做…
  expect sb to do sth 期望某人干什么—sb   be expected  34. as... as one can 尽 可 能 ......, 尽 量 ...... = as ... as
to do                                           possible
  expect to do sth 期望干某事                        35.keep sb waiting 让某人久等
19.hold out 伸出  hold on 别挂断   hold on to 坚持;    36.talk to sb in French 用法语和我谈话
  不 放  弃 hold up 举  起  hold a meeting = have a  37.because of …由于/因为
  meeting 举行会议                                  38.be different from 与…不同
20.to one’s surprise 使…惊讶的是                     39.be comfortable doing sth=feel good about doing sth
  be surprised at 对……感到惊讶                         舒服地做某事;对做某事感觉良好
  be surprised to do = be surprised that +从句    40.take a message for sb =leave a message to sb 给某人
  in surprise 惊讶地                                 留个口信
  have a surprise party / class 举行一个惊讶晚会/班会     41.be excited about 对……是激动地
21.arrive a bit late for 晚到点干…… be late for…    42.give some suggestions and advice about… 提出有关
22.a bit=a little= kind of +形容词/副词 dangerous 有点   什么的意见和建议
儿危险                                             43.show up 显而易见/    到场
  a bit of = a little + 不可数名词 water 有点儿水        44.be worth doing sth 值得做某事
23.make plans to do sth 做计划做…                   45.the capital of ………的首都或省会
  make plans for …为……制定计划                       46.without knocking on / at the door 不敲门
  plan to do sth 计划干某事                             without calling 不打电话
  plan---planning----planned                    47.one of the best ways to be accepted 一个可接受的
24.invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做… =sb be invited to do 最佳方式
sth                                             48. rush around 匆匆忙忙;东奔西跑
   invite sb to sp 邀请某人去某地                         rush out 冲出去
  Thanks for your invitation.=Thanks for inviting me. rush hour 交通拥挤时间
25.avoid heavy traffic 避开交通高峰期                     run away =flee 逃跑
  avoid doing sth 避免干什么                            run out of =use up 用完
26.eat with one’s hand 用手(拿)饭吃                     run off 跑掉  (其后不直接跟宾语,常与           to/ from
  stand there with one’s hand out 伸出手站在哪儿         连用)
  point at anyone with your chopsticks 用筷子指任何   49. be relaxed about 对……感到放松,  对......比较随意
人                                               50. be full of(状态) = be filled with(动作)充满,
27.stick sth into …插入…里                         装满
重点短语
1.be supposed to 的用法
 ① be supposed to... 其中 to 是动词不定式符号,不是介词,                其后要跟动词原形。当          be supposed to... 的
 主语是“人”      时,意为“应该……”;“被期望……”,它可以用来表示劝告、建议、义务、责任等,相当于
 情态动词    should。如:Everyone  is supposed to wear a seat-belt in the car.


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
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 每个人在汽车里都应该系安全带。
 Teachers are supposed to treat all the students alike.
 老师应该对所有的学生一视同仁。
 ②当  be supposed to... 的主语是“物”时,它表示“本应;本该”,用于表示“某事本应该发生而没有发生”。
 如:
 The new laws are supposed to prevent crime. 这些新法令本应该起到防止犯罪的作用。
 The train was supposed to arrive half an hour ago. 火车本应在半小时之前到达。
 ③  be supposed to 后面接“have + 过去分词”时,表示“本应该做某事而没做”。如:
 You are supposed to have handed in your homework by now.
 现在你应该已经把作业交上来了。
 He is supposed to have arrived an hour ago. 他应该一小时前就到了。
 ④  be supposed to... 的否定结构为  be not supposed to...,它常用于口语中,意为“不被许可;不应当”。如:
 She was not supposed to be angry about that. 她本不该为那件事而生气的。
 You are not supposed to smoke on the bus. 你不应该在公共汽车上吸烟
 2. expect 用法
expect 是及物动词,意为“预料,盼望”
①  exp ect + n. / pron. 预计……可能发生;期待某人或某物
②  expect + to do sth. 料想做某事
③  expect sb. to do sth. 期望某人做某事=sb be expected to do
④  expect + 从句  预计   / 料想……
1. I expect a snowstorm.
  我预计会有一场暴风雪。
2. The old man is expecting his daughter’s visit.这个老人盼望着他女儿的到访。
3. I expect to get a birthday present from my dad.
我期待着收到一件来自父亲的礼物。
4. Do you expect him to teach you English?
你希望他教你英语吗?
5. I didn’t expect that you would get there so soon.
我没想到你会这么快就到达那里了。
3.relax,relaxed,relaxing 的区别与不同的用法
①relax 是动词,不及物或及物动词,及物时,宾语是                   sb ,使某人放松、使某人休息、使某人轻松。
 Now  I want to rest and relax. 不及物 现在我得休息一下,放松放松
 I need a cup of tea to relax myself.及物 我需要喝杯茶使自己轻松一下。
②relaxed,形容词    某人感到轻松、放松、不受拘束的。指某人                   “感到”轻松。可以这样理解,形容人如何如
  何。同   interested\excited\surprised\bored\tired 有类似用法。 如 He is feeling relaxed.或 He is relaxed The song
  can make me relaxed.
③  relaxing 形容词  某事情令人轻松的,指某事某物“令人”轻松。可以这样理解                                ,修饰物或事。同
 interesting\exciting\surprising\boring\tiring 有类似用法。 如:The song is relaxing. 这首歌真使人轻松。 You can
 listen to relaxing music in the bath! (修饰 music) 你甚至可以边洗澡边听(令人)轻松的音乐。
4.as soon as 的用法 一经...;立即...;一...就...
as soon as 表示一…就…,其中的从句通常用一般现在时表示将来时。
这个短语用的比较常用,口语和书面语都可以。它的特点是,在句子中的位置比较灵活,而且可以用于各种时
态。例如:
⑴指未发生的动作,规律是:主句一般将来时,从句用一般现在时代替一般将来时


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
如:I  will tell him the news as soon as he comes back。
注:有时,为了特意表达刚刚完成某事就如何如何,需要用现在完成时。
如:I  will go with you as soon as I have washed my face.
⑵指紧接着发生的两个短动作,主从句都用一般过去时
如  He took out his English books as soon as he sat down
不过,我也见过从句和主句都用一般现在时的情况。
如:As  soon as he finishes his class work, he runs out of the class. 他一做完课堂作业,就跑出了教室。
总之,记住那两种基本的情况,不把时态用得太混乱了就行了(比如后面从句里用了将来时,就绝对允许了)。

①  Come here as soon as you finish the work.工作一结束你就到这里来。
②He jumped out of bed as soon as he was called.一听到有人叫他,他立即跳下床来。
③  Let's talk the matter over as soon as we are alone.让我们单独在一起的时候再讨论这件事情吧。
④  As soon as Marie opened the door, the dog ran in.当玛丽一打开门,狗就跑了进来。
⑤  As soon as I stepped inside, my glasses misted over.我一踏 进里面,眼镜 马上蒙了一层雾。
5.hold out
伸出;拿出     They all held out their hands to welcome me.
他们全都伸出双手欢迎我。
6.Value vt.
①  估价,评价[(+at)]
That watch was valued at $100.那只表估计值一百美元。
I value this necklace at $5,000.我估计这条项链值五千美元。
②  尊重;重视,珍视
My father values honesty beyond all things.
我父亲把诚实看得比什么都重要。
7.drop by 随便来,随便来玩,随便走访,非正式访问
Drop by whenever you have time.如果有空随便来
Drop by whenever you feel like it.随时即兴就来我这儿坐坐
I'll drop by on my way home if I have time 有空的话回家途中我会顺便来看你
drop by 和 drop in
drop by 和 drop in 都表示顺便拜访     区别在于    drop in 后面可以跟    on、at 加宾语,而   drop by 一般不这么使用。另
外,drop in 含有临时生出主意造访的意思,造访未经事先安排,而                     drop by 不强调这层含义      drop in at+人和 drop
in on+地都表示顺便拜访,是         drop in 的延伸,区别在于后面接的宾语,前者接表示处的名词或代词,后者接表
示人的。
例如  I'd drop in on you /at your house when in free.
8.It is +adj+for sb to do sth 与 It is+adj+of sb to do sth
 It is+adj.+of sb. +to do sth 中的 adj.跟 sb.有关,这个 adj.是用来形容 sb.的,表示某人这么做真是太       adj.了.
 ⑴你会发现在这个句型中你把             sb.和 adj.提出来可以造    个句   sb. is(are) adj.如 It’s very kind of you to help me.把里
 面的  sb.和 adj.提出来可以发现      you are kind 是说得通的.
 而 I t is +adj.+for sb.+to do sth 表示做某事对某人来说很  adj.
 这里的   adj.是 do sth.的属性里面的    sb.跟 adj.没有直接联系
 如 It’s difficult for you to deal with the problem.你就不能说 you are difficult 了吧
 这就是怎么决定句子中的介词用             of 还是用   for 的方法
⑵若形容词是描述不定式行为者的性格、品质的,如                      kind,good,nice,right,wrong,clever,careless,polite,
foolish 等,用 of sb.。


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
 It’s very kind of you to help me. 你能帮我,真好。
 It’s clever of you to work out the maths problem.
 你真聪明,解出了这道数学题。
⑶若形容词仅仅是描述事物,不是对不定式行为者的品格进行评价,用                              for sb.,这类形容词有     difficult,easy,
hard,important,dangerous,(im)possible 等。
 It’s very dangerous for children to cross the busy street.
 对孩子们来说,穿过繁忙的街道很危险。
 It’s difficult for us to finish the work. 对我们来说,完成这项工作很困难。
9.point at,point to,point out
 point at,point to 和 point out 的意思都与“指”有关,但还是有一定区别。              point at 习惯上表示指向离说话人
较近的事物,意为“指着”,at           是介词,着重于指的对象。             Don’t point at the words while you are reading. 读
书时不要用手指着字。          The teacher pointed at the blackboard and said,“You must look carefully.” 老师指着黑板
说:“你必须看仔细。”        point to 多用来表示指向离说话人较远的事物,意为“指向”,to                    也是介词,着重于指的
方向。   He pointed to the house on the other side of the river and said,“That’s my home.” 他指着河对岸的房子
说:“那是我家。”       As he started the operation,the hour hand of the clock pointed to 9. 他开始手术时,时针指着
九点  。 point out 表示的是给某人指示方向,要点或错误等,意为“指出”,out                     是副词。    The teacher pointed out
many mistakes in my homework. 老师指出我作业里的许多错误。             Will you pleas e point out the man who saved
the boy’s life? 请你指出那个救男孩性命的人好吗?
10.go out of one's way to do sth 特地(不怕麻烦地)做某事
He always goes out of his way to help me when I am in trouble.

11.How 与 What 感叹句的用法!
感叹句一般是用来表示说话时的喜悦、惊讶等情感。英语感叹句常用"what"和"how"引导,"what"和"how"与所
修饰的词置于句首,其它部分用陈述句语序。
一、   由"what"引导的感叹句:"what"意为"多么"用作定语,修饰名词(被强调部分),单数可数名词前要加不
定冠词   a/an,复数可数名词或不可数名词前不用冠词。
这类句子的结构形式是:           what+(a/an)+adj.+n.+主语+谓语+(it is).
如:   ①  What a clever girl she is! 多么聪明的姑娘呀!
②  What an interesting story it is! 多么有趣的故事呀!
③  What good children they are! 他们是多么好的孩子呀!
④  What beautiful flowers they are! 多么漂亮的花呀!
⑤  What delicious food it is! 多么有味的食物呀!
⑥  What heavy snow it is! 多么大的雪呀!
二、   由"how"引导的感叹句:"how"意为"多么",用作状语,修饰形容词或副词(被强调部分)。如果修饰形容
词,则句中的谓语动词用系动词;如果               how 修饰副词,则句中的谓语动词用行为动词,这类句子的结构形式是:
How+adj.(adv.)+主语+  谓语+(it is).
如:①    How cold it is today! 今天多么冷呀!
②  How nice the p ictures are! 多么漂亮的图画呀!
③  How happy they look! 他们显得多么高兴呀!
④  How well she sings! 她唱得多好呀!
⑤  How hard they are working now! 他们干得多么起劲呀!
三、   在表示同一意义时,英语感叹既可用"what"引导,也可用"how"引导。
如:   ①  What a hot day it is! How hot the day is ! 多么热的天气呀!
②  What tall b uildings they are! How tall the buildings are! 多么高的楼房呀!


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
③  What bad weather it is! How bad the weather is! 多么糟糕的天气呀!
④  What bright sunshine it is! How bright the sunshine is! 多么明亮的阳光呀!
四、   感叹句在表示激动强烈的感情时,口语中常常采用省略句,其后面的主语和谓语往往略去不讲。
如:①    What a fine day! 多么晴朗的天呀!
②  What an honest boy! 多么诚实的孩子呀!
③  What red apples! 多么红的苹果呀!
④  How cool! 好凉快呀!
⑤  How wonderful! 精彩极了!
12.besides,except,but,except for, except that/when 的区别:
 ①besides 表示“除了……以外,还有”。例如:
Besides Mr,Wang,we also went to see the film.(王先生也去了)
注意:besides   用于否定句中时,与        except, but 同义。例如:
We have no other books besides(except)these.
②except 表示“只有……除外”。例如:
We all went to see the film except Mr.Wang.(王先生没去)
③but 意为“除了”,与       except 同义,except 强调被排除的部分,but         则强调整句的内容,常修饰否定意义的代
词或疑问代词。例如:Nobody          knew it but me.
Who would do such a thing but Jack?
④  except for:当 except 用在句首时,往往后面要加上         for。
Except for this,everything is in order.
=Everything is in order except this.
13.advice 和 suggest 的区别
advice 不可数名词      suggestion 可数名词    advise sb to do sth suggest sb(宾格) doing sth 或 suggest sb(主格)
(should) do ,should 可以省略 例如:  I suggested him going home. I suggested he should go home.= I suggested he go
home.
14.祈使句,+   and/or + 陈述句
①祈使句,+     and + 陈述句:   在这里祈使句相当于         if 引导的条件状语从句(但此时去掉             and)。
Give blood ( if you can )and many lives will be saved.还可以用简短的形式表示,即省略动词。
Give me one more hour, and I’ll get the work finished.(祈使句)
==One more hour, and I’ll get the work finished.(名词短语)
== If you give me one more hour, I’ll get the work finished.(if 条件句)
==If I am given one more hour, I’ll get the work finished.
== Given one more hour, I’ll get the work finished.
More effort, and you will succeed.
②祈使句,+     or + 陈述句
Listen to the teacher carefully in class, or you can’t catch what he is saying.
15.look forward to 的用法
look forward to 后面只能跟   动名词   或名词    意思和    expect to do sth 一样
I am looking forward to seeing you soon. = I expect to see you soon.
I am looking forward to your early reply. = I extpect to receive your reply
而且   一般都是    be looking forward to doing sth 表示一直期待的意思
16.worth 的用法总结
w orth,worthy 都为 adj,意为“值得”。
1. worth:be worth + n. 当名词为金钱时,表示“……值得……”                be worth doing sth.“……某事值得被做”


                                              61
                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
The question is not worth discussing again and again.
    2. worthy:     be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示“……值得……”be                worthy to be done“某事
值得被做”
 The question is not worthy to be discussed again and again
17.for the first time 首先,第一次
【辨析】at    first/first of all (1) at first = at the beginning 最初,开始 【强调在时间顺序或做某事过程等开始之初】
(2) first of all 首先,第一 【表明陈述事情的重要性】
重点句子
1.In your country what are you supposed to do when you meet someone for the first time? 在你们国家,当你第一次
见到某人的时候你应该做什么?
2.You’re supposed to shake hands 你应该握手。
A. bow B. kiss C. shake hands D. laugh
【新疆】You’re   supposed to shake ______ (hand) when you meet your friends.
3.In the United States, they’re expected to shake hands. 在美国,他们应该握手。
4. greeted Paul’s mother the wrong way 以错误的方式问候了保罗的妈妈
5. I met a Japanese boy called Sato, and as soon as I held out my hand, he bowed. 我遇到一个叫佐藤的日本男孩,
我刚一伸出手,他就鞠了一躬。
6. We don’t like to rush around, so we don’t mind if people are a little late sometimes. 我们不喜欢匆匆忙忙的,所
以有时如果有人迟到一会儿,我们也不介意。
7.We often just drop by our friends’ homes if we have time 如果我们有时间,我们经常回顺便   拜访朋友家。
Don’t forget to drop in on your teacher. = Don’t forget to drop in at your teacher’s home. 不要忘了顺便去拜访一下
你的老   8.We often just walk around the town center, seeing as many of our friends as we can! 我们经常只是在镇中
心闲逛,尽可能多地见到我们的朋友!
as... as one can 尽可能......,尽量...... = as ... as possible
9.So I make an effort to be on time when I meet my friends 所以当我与我的朋友们见面的时候,我努力准时到。
10.Also, we never visit a friend’s house without calling first. 而且,我们从不未通电话便拜访朋友家
11.When you go abroad, it is important to bring your passport. 当你出国时,带上你的护照很重要。   go abroad 出
国  live abroad 住在国外  at home and abroad 在国内外
12. After class, students are expected to clean the chalk off the blackboard. 下课后,学生们应该把黑板上的粉笔擦
干净。
13. Where I’ m from, we’ re pretty relaxed about time.在我们国家, 我们对时间相当宽松。
14. We value the time we spend with our family and friends in our everyday lives. 我们珍视日常生活中和家人及朋
友共度的时光。
value v 重视,珍视   n“价值”  →  valuable adj. 贵重的;宝贵的
Which do you value, wealth or health? 你珍视哪一种,财富还是健康?
 (1) every day 每天= each day 做状语,放在句末,对其提问用           how often He exercises every day.
 (2) everyday adj. 每天的 ,作定语,修饰名词,放在名词之前            everyday English 日常英语  Cooking breakfast is her
everyday job. 做早饭是她的日常工作。
15.We’re the capital of clocks and watches, after all! 毕竟,我们是钟表和手表之都。
16.If you’re even 15 minutes late, your friend may get mad. 如果你迟到 15 分钟,你的朋友或许会生气
【解析】get   mad  大动肝火    Father won't get mad about your mistake. 父亲不会为你的错失生气的
 be mad at sb.= be angry with sb. ==对某人生气 She was mad at her husband for forgetting her birthday. 她因为她
的丈夫忘了她的生日而生气。             Both brothers are mad about tennis 兄弟俩对网球都很入迷。
17. I always leave the house early to avoid heavy traffic. 我总是早早地就离开家以避免交通堵塞。avoid  v 避免   (后


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                            2014 秋季九英语学案      Why the person can, because he always be trust of can. !(邓老师整
理)
接  Ving)【拓展】后接      ving 形式作宾语的动词还有:
Practice 练习 enjoy 喜欢  keep 保持  后接   ving 形式的   动词   avoid 避免  mind 介意   suggest 建议
traffic n. 交通; 路上行驶的车辆      heavy traffic 交通繁忙,  交通拥堵,    车水马龙     He got home late because of the
heavy traffic. 他回家晚是因为交通拥挤之故。
18. We usually plan to do something interesting, or go somewhere together. 我们通常计划做一些有趣的事,或者一
起去某地
①plan to do 计划做某事
②go somewhere  去某地    somewhere adv. 在某处;到某处       I'm not going home yet. I have to go somewhere else
 first. 我还不准备回家,我要先去别的地方。              注意:  somewhere 是副词,    前面不可用介词
【拓展】somewhere     常用于肯定句中,       anywhere(任何地方)常用于否定句和疑问句中。在疑                   问句中,   可以用
somewhere 或  anywhere, 如果期望对方回答“是”,        就用    somewhere;如果  不知道对方会回答“是”还是“不是”,
用  somewhere、  anywhere 都可以。    I didn't go anywhere in the neighborhood. 我没有到附近什么地方去过。
19. it’s important to be on time. 准时很重要。 be important to sb. 对某人来说非常重要
20.In many eastern European countries, you take off your gloves before shaking hands. 在许多东欧国家,你在握手
之前应该摘掉手套
21. but it is worth the trouble if you want to understand another culture. 但是如果你想理解另外一种文化,这样的
麻烦是值得的。
22.In China, you’re not supposed to stick your chopsticks into the food. 在中国,你不应该把你的筷子插进食物里。
23. They go out of their way to make me feel at home.他们竭力使我感觉像在自己家里一样。
3.I’m very comfortable speaking French now. be comfortable doing sth. 做 某 事 很 轻 松 , 乐 意 做 某 事 I feel
comfortable talking with you. 和你讲话感觉很舒服。
4. My biggest challenge is learning how to behave at the dinner table 我最大的挑战是学习如何在餐桌上表现得体
【解析】behave     v.表现,举止     →  behavior n. 行为;举止;习性;态度         He behaves himself like a man. 他表现
得像一男子汉。
6. I thought that was pretty strange at first, ...
7. you’re not supposed to eat anything with your hands except bread „ 除了面包,你不应该用双手吃任何东西。
8. Another thing is that it’s impolite to say that you’re full.
9. but I gradually getting used to it. 但是我逐渐习惯。 【解析】get used to = be used to,“习惯于某事或做某事的
意思”,   to 为介词,后接名词或动名词,不能跟动词原形。                   They have got used to getting up early in the morning.
他们已习惯早起。        be / get used to 结构可以用于各种时态中,。         You’ll be / get used to the work soon. 你不久就
会习惯这个工作的
【注意】在学习       be used to 结构时,一定要注意它与以下几个结构的区别:
 used to do sth.意为“过去常常”,在这里     to 是动词不定式符号;
be used to do sth.和 be used for doing sth.意为“被用来做某事”, 是被动结构。
 John used to smoke. 约翰过去抽烟。
 This kind of wood can be used to make violins.这种木头可以用来制作小提琴。
10.You have to cut it up and eat it with a fork.你必须把它切碎,用叉子吃。


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