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人教版八年级英语上册第八单元ection B 3a---selfcheck 共35张幻灯片

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初中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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            一.知识目标:
• 1.熟练掌握以下词汇:serve,temperature,
 wash,enjoy,first, next, then, finally
• 2.能掌握本课时词组:
• rice noodles米线,chicken soup鸡汤,
• Cut…into…把……切成……,one by one
• 一个接一个
• 句型:It is time to do something.做某事的
 时间。
3.熟练掌握以下句型:To make this special food
 ,you need to…
• 3.Write a recipe for your favorite food.
1.milk shake  奶昔
2.turn on      接通(电/煤气/水等);打开
3.pour…into…   把…倒入…
4.a cup of yogurt 一杯酸奶
5.a good idea  好主意
6.on Saturday  在星期六
7.cut up     切碎
8.put…into…    把…放入…
9.one more thing 还有一件事
10.a piece of  一片/张/段/首…
• 11.at this time    在这时
• 12.a few         一些;几个
• 13.fill… with…   用…把…装满
• 14.cover…with…     用…覆盖…
• 15.one by one      一个接一个;逐个;依次
• 16.a long time      很长时间
• 17.how many+可数名词复数       多少…
• 18.how much+不可数名词         多少…
• 19.It's time (for sb.)+to do sth. 到(某人)做某事的时间了
• 20.First…Next…Then…Finally 首先…接着…然后…最后
• 21.want + to do sth. 想要做某事
• 22.forget+to do sth.
                   忘记去做某事
• 23.how + to do sth.
• 24.need+to do sth. 如何做某事
• 25.make+宾语+形容词需要做某事
• 26.let sb. +do sth. 使…怎样
                  让某人做某事
Fill in the blanks with the right 
words.Thanksgiving  is a s_____pecial holiday in the U.S.A.  
 It always on the f_____ourth Thursday in 
 November. There are many r______easons  for this 
 special day. For some people, it is a time to 
 give thanks for food in the a______.utumn  At this 
 time people also remember the first t_______ravelers 
 from E______ngland about 500 years ago. These 
 days most Americans still have a big meal at 
 home to c_______elebrate it. The main dish of this 
 meal is almost always   t
      How to make a turkey dinner?
First, m__ix  together some bread pieces, 
onions, salt and pepper. F__ill the turkey with 
this bread mix.
Next, put the turkey in a hot oven and c____ook  
it for a few hours. Then, place the turkey on 
a large plate and c____over it with gravy.
F_____,inally  serve it to your friends with some 
other food.  
To make this special food, you need to have rice noodles, chicken soup, chicken, 
lettuce and eggs. 
为了做这份特殊的食品, 你需要有米线、鸡汤、鸡肉、生菜和鸡蛋。
【句型剖析】
  本句是个简单句, 动词不定式短语to make this special food在句中作目的状语, 
意为“为了……”。
【归纳拓展】(1)动词不定式由“不定式符号to+动词原形”构成, 是一种非谓
语动词结构。
(2)动词不定式除作状语外, 还可在句中作主语、宾语、表语、定语、宾语
补足语等。
To go swimming in the sea is fun. (作主语)去大海里游泳很有趣。
*His job is to feed animals. (作表语)他的工作是喂养动物。
*I hope to see you soon. (作宾语)我希望尽快见到你。
*He wants me to help him with his English. (作宾语补足语)
他想让我帮他学英语。
Ask your partner his / her most special day in 
China. 
1. What do you think is the most special  day?
    ________________________________I think it’s Spring Festival. 
2. What are the reasons for this special day?
    _________________________________People give thanks to the people who 
    _________________________________beat the scary animal Nian. 
Do you know the traditional food in your city? Can 
you list some of them?


  dumplings   Beijing Duck

            mapo tofu

                        Yunnan rice noodles
   DoDo  youyou  wantwant    toto  eateat  them?them?

    CanCan  youyou  cookcook  them?them?


It’sIt’s  difficultdifficult  toto  cookcook  them,them,  butbut  wewe  cancan  
makemake  somesome  easyeasy  food.food.
       HowHow  toto  makemake  YunnanYunnan  ricerice  noodles?noodles?
       (怎样制作云南米线?看图猜猜原材料吧
       )

      Ingredients  lettuce

 rice noodles                     chicken soup

     egg
                                   chicken
other things
     3a
 Read the recipe below and fill in the 
 blanks with the words in the box.
 写作指导:
首先,掌握方框中单词        的含义;并阅读
     短文,整体把握短文大意。
其次,分析有空格的每个句子,根据上下
     文意及固定搭配来确定空格处的意
     思,从而确定空格处所用的单词。
最后,再通读一遍短文,检查是否正确。
cook    next   wash    finally  have   enjoy   first    cut 
             Yunnan Rice Noodles
In Yunnan, many people eat rice noodles for breakfast, 
and even for lunch and dinner. To make this special food, 
you need to ______have  rice noodles, chicken soup, chicken, 
lettuce and eggs. (Of course, you can also have other things 
like fish and different vegetables.)
  First    wash                     Next
  cut
                            cook

Finally
        enjoy
1. have; 由括号中的句子“Of course, you can also have 
other things… 当然你可也可以准备其他的东西……”,可
知空格处应为have一词。
2. First; 通过读 下文及关键词   then,可知下面是在叙述制
作云南米线的过程。这是第一步。 
3. wash; 句意“将生菜洗净并切碎” 。
4. Next; 读文可知,在第一步完成后,这是接下的步骤
  ,故空格处用next。
5. cut; 句意“将鸡肉切成碎片” 
6. cook; 句意“将鸡蛋、肉及生菜等逐个煮熟”。
7. Finally; 读短文可知这是制作的最后一个步骤,故应填
finally一词。句意“最后,将米线放入汤中”。
8. enjoy; 句意“现在是该享受米线的时候 了” 。
    Think of a favorite food in your 
3b  hometown. Make a list of 
    ingredients. 
    For example: Beijing Duck
    Ø  pieces of ducks
    Ø sauce and green onion
    Ø  some lettuce
    Ø   some      pancakes
     Write a recipe for your favorite 
 3c
     food. Use 3a and 3b to help you.
写作指导: 
     本文为写自己所喜欢的食物的食谱。因此
,时态应用一般现在时态; 
      先根据3b中的所列的原料清单,说明做此
食物所需的原料。 
      然后,描述一下制作此食物的过程。注意
使用first, next, then, finally等表示做事情的次
序的副词来使描述更清晰明确。 
u  We need some pieces of Beijing Duck,     
   sauce and green onion, some lettuce 
   and some pancake. 
u  First, put the green onion and some 
   sauce on the pancake. 
u  Next, put some pieces of duck on it.
u  Then role the pancake and eat it. 
【写作模板】

【参考范文】
  Here is a recipe for a great turkey sandwich. To make this 
kind of sandwich, you need bread, butter, onions, tomatoes, 
lettuce, slices of turkey and cheese. It’s easy to make it. First, 
put some butter on a piece of bread. Then cut up some tomatoes 
and an onion. Add these to the bread. Next, put some lettuce 
and three slices of turkey on the bread. Put some cheese on the 
turkey. Finally, put another piece of bread on top. Now it’s time 
to enjoy your turkey sandwich. 
1. Number these instructions for 
    making tomato and egg soup in   
    the correct order. Then complete 
    the instructions with the words in 
    the box. 
    First      Next     Then     Finally 
_______, mix everything together and 
serve it. 
______, cook for five minutes and add 
two eggs. 
______, cut up three tomatoes and put 
them into a pot.
______, add some water, sugar and 
salt.          
理解句意:
Ø将所有东西搅合在一起然后可以吃了。
Ø煮五分钟后放入两个鸡蛋。
Ø将三个西红柿切碎,并将其放入锅内。
Ø加入一些水、糖和盐。
由生活常识可知做西红柿汤的过程
为:4,3, 1 ,2
因此,空格处应      填:
Finally, Then, First, Next
  2. Write questions and answers    
      using the words in brackets. 

1. 根据要求可知第一句为疑问句,特殊疑
    问句的结构为“特殊疑问词       + 一般疑问
    句?”故应先看其有没特殊疑问词         。
2. 如没有特殊疑问词     ,则为   一般疑问句,
    则应 根据句子的谓语动词      来确定将 be
   动
    词还 是助动词  放在句首。
1. 特殊疑问词how many;谓语动词need。  
    make cake前加不定式做目的状语。
    Q: How many eggs do we need to make  cake?
    A: We need two eggs. 
2. 特殊疑问词how much;谓语动词need。  
    Q: How much milk do we need?
    A: We need three cups of milk.
3. 无特殊疑问词;谓语动词have to add。
    因此应将助动词do提前。
    Q: Do we have to add sugar or honey?
    A: We can add two spoons of honey. 
【学以致用】
①(2013·内江中考)He hurried back home   his schoolbag. 
A. fetched  B. to fetch  C. fetching  D. fetches
②(2013·鞍山中考)Jessica’s parents always encourage her
   out her opinions. 
A. speak    B. speaking C. to speak D. will speak
一、单项填空。
1. Wash some tomatoes and then____ .
A.cut up them     B.cut them up
C.cut up it       D.cut it up
2. Jack,remember to ____ some salt to the soup.
A.buy    B.cover  C.add    D.dig
3. He tried many times,and ____ he started the car.
A.first  B.next   C.finally   D.last
4. Don't ____ sugar and coffee.I don't like coffee with 
    sugar.
A.mix up               B.take up
C.make up              D.put up
5. —What ____ do you need?
    —Some carrots and cabbages.
A.drinks  B.fruit    C.meat  D.vegetables
二、用适当的介词完成下列句子。

1. Finally, put another slice of bread _____on  the top.
2. Please pour the yogurt _____into  the cup.

3. Here's a recipe _____for  a great fruit salad.

4. Do you need a teaspoon _____of  honey?
5. Can I add some salt _____to  the soup?
三、用How many或How much填空。
1. How_________ many tomatoes did you cut up for the pizza?
2.How _________ much  juice do you want?
3. _________How much relish should we put on the slice of   
   bread?
4. _________How many students got A in the final exam?
Ⅰ. 用所给词的适当形式填空
1. We need some     (piece) of bread. 
2. How delicious the rice     (noodle) are!
3. —How much butter do we need? 
—Two     (teaspoon) should be enough. 
4. Look! Here     (be) a recipe for hamburgers. 
5. I like     (tomato) and beef soup very much. It’s my 
favorite. 
答案: 1. pieces 2. noodles 3. teaspoons 4. is 5. tomato
           课堂反思及作业

• 课堂反思:本堂课你又虚度时光了吗?你学到了什
  么?
• 练习:复习单词及短语。完成P64selfchek.
• 大作业:3a工工整整抄写一遍
• 合作探究3b:全班进行交流,讨论各自最爱的家
  乡美食。讨论时可借助如下句型:
A:What do you think of your favorite food?
B:  I think it is…. 
While reading列出需要材料…
想一想,你在家里最喜欢吃的一道
菜。了解一下它的做法,用英语将
做这个菜所需的材料以及简单的过
程用英语描述出来。 
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