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广东省2018年中考英语(外研版)总复习课件:第一部分-第3节 其他短语综合辨析(共41张PPT)

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第一部分 中考高频词汇          突破

  第三节    其他短语综    合辨析
★ 1. have been to,have been in,have gone to
 【辨析】

 (1)have / has been to 强调“曾经去过某个地方,此时人

 已经不在那里了”,后面常接次数,如once,twice,

 three times等,也可和just,never,ever等连用。   

 (2)have / has been in表示“在某地待了多长时间”,常与

 时间段状语for …  / since … ago等连用。 
(3)have / has gone to强调 “去了某个地方”,现在人可

能在去的途中或已经在那个地方了,总之不在说话者处,

上下文中往往出现“Where is sb.? / Have you seen sb. 

recently? / sb. will be back in …”之类的暗示语。   

注意:当它们后面接表示地点的副词(如here,there,

home等)时,要省略介词in,to。
 【演练】

(    B    )1. He _______ Beijing. He will come back in 
ten days.

A. has been to      B. have gone to 

C. has been in      D. has gone to

(   D     )2. —How many times have you _______ Paris

? 

—Only once. 

A. been in          B. gone to 

C. go to            D. been to
(   B     )3.  —How long have you _______ this city? 
—For more than ten years. 

A. stay in          B. been in 

C. been to          D. come to

(   A     )4. —Long time no see. Where have you 
_______? 

  —I was on a trip to Australia. 

A. been             B. gone to 

C. gone             D. come from
★ 2. hear of,hear about,hear from
【辨析】
hear of与hear about的意思相近,这两个词组在英语中
有时可以通用。
(1)hear of意为“听说过;听到;提起”,后面常接人或事
物。  
(2)hear about意为“听说;得知”,后面常接事件之类的
名词,比hear of知道得更详细、具体。  
(3)hear from通常接表示人的名词或代词,意为“收到
……的信;收到……的电报;得到……的消息”。
【演练】

(    A     )1. We don’t know the singer,and we’ve 
never _______ her. 
A. heard of         B. hear about 
C. heard from       D. heard

(    B    )2. —How often do you _______ your 
grandmother? 
—Once a month. 
A. get a letter to  B. hear from 
C. hear a letter from D. write from
★ 3. thanks for,thanks to

【辨析】

(1)thanks for是客套用语,thanks相当于thank you,

意为“因……而感谢”,for强调为何而感谢,其后可接名

词或动名词。

(2)thanks to意为“多亏了……;由于……的帮助”,表示

感谢对方,由于其所做的有利的事,出现了后面的结果

。thanks to相当于because of … 或 with the help of 

…,其中to是介词,后接名词或代词。
【演练】

(   C     )1. _______ your suggestion, I managed to 
make fewer mistakes.

A. Thank to         B. Thanks you for 

C. Thanks to        D. Thanks

(    B    )2. Thanks _______ inviting me. 
A. to               B. for 

C. of               D. by
★ 4. used to do,be used to do / be used for doing

,be / get used to doing

【辨析】
used to do意为“过去常常做”。be used to do / be 

used for doing意为“被用来做”。be / get used to 

doing意为“习惯于做”。  

附:be used by意为“被……使用”,介词by后面接动作

的执行者;be used as意为“被用作……”,介词as表示“

作为”,其后通常接名词。
【演练】

(    B      )1. He _______ used to working in the 
country.

A.  /     B. got    C. be     D. get

(    D      )2. Was he used to _______ in the castle?
A. live   B. lived  C. lives  D. living

(    A      )3. You’ll get used _______ your new job. 

A. to     B. for    C. in     D. as
(    A      )4. This basin (水池) _______ store water. 
 A. is used to           B. used to 

C. is used for           D. used for

(    C      )5. I used to _______ much meat,but now I’m 
used to _______ more vegetables. 

A. eating;eating         B. ate;eating 

C. eat;eating            D. eating;eat
★ 5. at the end of …,by the end of …,in the end

【辨析】

(1)at the end of … 意为“在……的末端(可以指时间,也

可以指空间)”,反义词组是at the beginning of …。

(2)by the end of … 意为“到……(时间)末”,多用于完

成时。

(3)in the end意为“最后;终于”,可单独使用,后面没

有of,同义词(组)为finally,at last。  
【演练】

(    C     )1. I’m sure everything will work out by itself 

_______.

A. at the end       B. by the end of 

C. in the end       D. in the end of

(   C     )2. We’ll have an exam  _______ January.
A. in the end       B. at the end 

C. at the end of    D. by the end of
(    A     )3. _______ last term we had learned 16 
units of Book III. 

A. By the end of    B. In the end 

C. At the end of    D. To the end
★ 6. be good for,be good at,be good to,be 

good with

【辨析】
(1)be good for意为“对……有好处”,反义词组是be 

bad for,意为“对……有坏处”。

(2)be good at (doing)意为“在……方面(学得、做得)好

;擅长……”,近义词组是do well in (doing)。

(3)be good to意为“对……好;对……仁慈(和善)”。

(4)be good with意为“与……相处融洽”,同义词组为

get along / on well with。
【演练】

(    C    )1. I hear that Mandy _______ physics. How 

clever she is!

A. is good for      B. is good to 

C. does well in     D. is well at

(   B     )2. To be a teacher in a kindergarten,first 
you should learn to be good _______ kids. 

A. of               B. with 

C. at               D. for
(    D     )3. Eating vegetables _______ our health. 

A. are good for     B. is good with 

C. are good at      D. is good for

(   C     )4. Was Jim good at _______ short stories?

A. wrote            B. write 

C. writing          D. to write
★ 7. on time,in time

【辨析】

(1)on time意为“准时;按时”,指正好在约定的时间发生,

言外之意是“既不早,也不晚”。  

(2)in time则表示“及时;迟早”,指在约定的时间之前发

生,意指正赶上时候或恰在需要的时候。 
【演练】

(    A     )1. We want to start the meeting _______ 
time, so please don’t be late.
A. on               B. at 
C. with             D. in

(A)2.C  As long as you stick to it,you will make 
progress _______. 
A. in time          B. at a time 
C. at one time      D. on time
(    A     )3. Thank you for telling me this news 
_______. 
A. in time          B. at times 
C. at one time      D. on time
★ 8. be famous as …,be famous for …,be 

famous to …

【辨析】

famous意为“著名的;闻名的”,相当于known / 

well￿known。be famous as … 意为“作为……而著

名”。be famous for … 意为“以……而著名”。 be 

famous to sb. 意为“广为人知的;大家都熟悉的” 。
【演练】

(    B     )1. Guilin is famous _______ its beautiful 
mountains and rivers.

A. as     B. for    C. to     D. in

(   C     )2. He is famous _______ a great inventor. 

A. to     B. for    C. as     D. with

(   B     )3. Obama is famous _______ everyone in 
America. 

A. for    B. to     C. as     D. at
★ 9. too many,too much,much too

【辨析】

(1)too many意为“太多”,用作形容词,中心词是many,

修饰可数名词复数形式。  

(2)too much意为“太多”,可以用作形容词,中心词是

much,修饰不可数名词。too much也可以作副词或代词

。  (3)much too意为“太”,作副词,中心词是too,后

接形容词或副词。
【演练】

(    C     )1. In my opinion, Americans eat _______ 

meat.

A. so many          B. too many 

C. too much         D. much too

(    C    )2. The luggage is _______ heavy. I can hardly 
move it. 

A. too much         B. so much 

C. much too         D. many too
(    A     )3. Today,_______ trees are being cut 
down each single day. 

A. too many         B. many too 

C. too much         D. much too
★ 10. so … that …,such … that …

【辨析】

两者都可以引导结果状语从句,均表示“如此……以至于

……”。但so在此用作副词,其后只能接形容词或副词,

而such是形容词,其后只能接名词。  

熟记:(1)so+adj. /  adv.+that从句=such+adj.+可数

名词复数形式 / 不可数名词+that从句。  

(2)so+adj.+a / an+可数名词单数形式+that从句=

such+a / an+adj.+可数名词单数形式+that从句。
【演练】

(    B    )1. Dave is _______ young that he can’t go with 
us.

A. such             B. so 

C. too              D. enough

(   A     )2. It’s _______ day! Let’s go for an outing!
A. such a beautiful B. so a beautiful 

C. such beautiful a D. so beautiful an
(   B     )3. It was _______ lovely weather _______ we 

decided to spend the day on the beach. 

A. such a;that      B. such;that 

C. such;as          D. so;that
★ 11. how often,how many times,how soon,
how long,how far
【辨析】
疑问副词可以与一些词构成复合疑问词组,如how 
often,how many等。
(1)how often意为“多久一次”,对频率提问,常见的答
语为:频度副词always,usually,often,sometimes
,seldom,hardly,never和once a week,twice a 
month,three or four times a year,every day,
every two weeks等。 
(2)how many times意为“多少次”,对次数提问,常见
的答语为:once,twice,three times等。
(3)how soon意为“过多久”,对将来要发生的动作的时
间提问,常见的答语为:in+时间段。   
(4)how long意为“持续多久;多长”,对动作的持续时
间或物体的长度提问,常见的答语为:for+时间段;
since+时间段+ago;since+时间点; … meters / 
kilometers / miles等。   
(5)how far意为“多远”,对距离提问,常见的答语为: 
… meters / kilometers / miles away; … minutes’ / 
hours’ walk / drive / flight等。 
【演练】

(    D     )—_______ have you been to China?   
—Five times.

A. How soon         B. How long 

C. How often        D. How many times

(    C     )2. —_______ will the manager come back? 
—Maybe in three days. 

A. How often        B. How long 

C. How soon         D. How far
(    D    )3. I don’t know _______ his new apartment is 
from here. Maybe 10 minutes by bike. 

A. how long         B. how soon 

C. how often        D. how far

(    D    )4. —_______ does he take this medicine? 
—Twice a day. 

A. How soon         B. How long 

C. How much         D. How often
(    B     )5. —_______ have you been in this factory? 

—I have been here since 1993. 

A. When             B. How long 

C. How often        D. How far
(    A     )7. Tom and Kate _______  math and biology 
while they are weak in Chinese and English. 

 A. are good at     B. at least 

C. at times         D. at once

(    D     )8. They were reading a very interesting novel 
_______. 

A. at the same time  B. at the end of     

C. at the age of    D. at that moment
(    A     )9. Kate set off for her hometown _______  
when she heard that her mother had passed away. 

A. at once          B. at least 

C. at times         D. at work
★ 2. 与on有关的短语

【辨析】

work on从事;忙于

on sale出售  

on a trip / journey / tour在旅行  

on fire着火  

on the way to在去……的途中  

on time按时;准时   
on holiday / vacation在度假   

depend on(upon)依靠  

hold on等一等(别挂电话) 

try on试穿 

live on以……为生     

on show / display / exhibition在展出  
【演练】

(    D     )1. The house was _______  last night and the 
firemen spent a long time putting it out.

A. on show          B. on sale     

C. on a trip        D. on fire

(    B     )2. This famous artist’s pictures are _______  
in the gallery. 

A. on fire          B. on sale      

C. on time          D. on holiday
(   B     )3. These children are _______  school in a line 
every morning. 

A. on time          B. on the way to    

C. on vacation      D. on sale

(   D     )4. These famous scientists are invited 
_______  in Beidaihe in summer. 

A. on fire          B. on sale      

C. on time          D. on vacation
(    A     )5. These famous pictures are _______  in the 
city center. 

A. on show          B. on holiday     

C. on a trip        D. on time
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