网校教育资源平台

仁爱湘教版九年级上册教案

评价文档:
文档评论: 0

初中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
分享到:
10积分 下载
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
              Unit 1   Topic 1  Section A             4. divide my money into two parts.          5.elder brother 
一、词汇短语                                                6.be cruel for sb.           7. at that time/on that day 
1. after class           2.  come back from           8.feel /be satisfied with      9.---enough--- to do sth. 
3. feel sorry for sb.       4. have  been (to )。      10.My Report on Beijing    11. ring roads.
5. have taken part in /have helped /  have spent /have done 12. in recent years          13. made such rapid progress.
/have learnt                                          14.people’s living conditions 
6. in a disabled children’s home                              二、重点句子 
7. learn sth. from sb. Eg: We learn English from him every day . 1. I used to be a child laborer
8. no time to do sth.           9.work / clean -----for--- 2. Every morning, I got up at sunrise and went to the fields with 
 10. the whole holiday                                the other children.
二、重点句子                                                3. Our job was to grow cotton.
1. Did you have a good summer holiday?                5. One part was used to help support my family, the other, to 
                                                      help send my elder brother to school.
2. How was your trip?
                                                      6. Life was cruel for us at that time.
3. In one place I saw children working for a cruel boss.
                                                      7. You should feel satisfied with your life now.
4.  I felt sorry for them.                            8. Now, children’s lives are much better than before.
5.  A:  Where have you been, Jane?                    9. My uncle has worked in Beijing for more than twenty years.
    B:  I have been to Mount Huang with my parents.   10.China has developed rapidly in recent years.
5. A: Where has he/she / kangkang been?               11. More and more ring roads have appeared
  B: He has been to an English training school to improve his 12.People’s living conditions have improved a lot.
English.                                              13. China has made such rapid progress
 .                。
7  There goes the bell =The bell is ringing.          14.It is important to remember the past, live in the present and 
8. A: Have you spent the whole holiday working there? dream about the future.
  B: Yes, I have. / No,I haven’t                                    Unit 1   Topic 1  Section D
     spend---on sth./ spend---(in)doing sth.          一、词汇短语
9. A: Have you ever taken part in any activities during this 1.One World, One Dream
summer holiday?                                       2.Thanks to the government’s efforts 
  B: Yes, I have.                  No,I  haven’t.(否定回答) 3.the capital of---        4.. the rich culture of china  
Unit 1   Topic 1  SectionB                            5.as well            6.with the help of =with one’s help.
一、词汇短语                                                重点句子
1. write an article about         2. have a hard life 1.  It expresses the wishes of 1.3 billion Chinese people for a 
3. In the past                   4. in detail         better world tomorrow.
5. afford                      6.no chance to do sth. 2.  They express the rich culture of china as well.
7. What’s more                8.help support their families              Topic 1 单词表
9.the Chinese teenagers’ lives                        1.培训                   2. 钟
                                                      3.残疾的                  4 整个的
10. has gone (to)+比较:have  been (to )
                                                      5 中学习                  6 弄整洁
11. in the open air        12. lose a competition
                                                      7.文章                   8.祖母
二、重点句子                                                9.描写                   10 细节
1.  Could you please----?                             11 详细地                 12.提供
2.  Parents couldn’t afford education for their children. 13 教育              14 v.&n.供养             
3.  Most children had no chance to go to school.      15 童工                  16 adv.当今               
4.  Our country has developed rapidly.  。             17.(使)发展               18.快地                    
                                                      19n.娱乐                 20n.发展                    
5.  A :By the way, where’s Jane? 
                                                      21  n.图片               22 adv.什么时候            
    B: She has gone to the library.
                                                      23adv.到(在)国外              24 adj.饿的                   
6.  A: Has he / she ever…?                            25 v.分,划分              26……分成……                       
    B: Yes, he/she has. / No, he/she has never done that. 27   v. 使用          28 adj.年长的
7.A: When did he/she study abroad?                    29  adj.近来的            30  adj.快的
   B:He/She studied abroad  a few years ago。          31 n.进步;进展             32 取得进步
              Unit 1   Topic 1  Section C             33 n.目前              34 v&n 梦,梦想
                                                           狭窄的                 .由于
一、      词汇短语                                          35adj.                 36
                                                      37n.首都                  38 n.口号,标语
1.  tell a true story about oneself                   39 num.十亿              40 n.便条
2.  used to do sth . / was used to do sth.     3.at sunrise 日出 41n.作文        42v.考虑                 
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
43 起草                  44 n.纲要                            3.far away.   4.even though     5.pay attention to
45 v.校对                   46 n.右边                     重点句子:
47n.例子                48 例如                   
                                                      1.Do you want to live in a place with a large population or a 
49 n.标题                50 n.结论
                                                          small one?
            Topic2 
Section A  一、词汇短语                                     2.Canada is a big green country with a lot of snow in winter. 
1. try to do sth/ try doing sth.        2.get lost    3.Our town is like one big family, really.
3.bad luck                        4.on the weekend    4.I can’t go shopping in big stores unless I travel for a couple 
                                                          of hours.
5.It seems that---                   6.because of
7.our country’s one-child policy.      8.be more strict with me. 5.Both students and workers have a lot of pressure
                                                      Topic2 单词:
9.It’s possible that---
                                                      1.adv. 尚                2.adv.已经
重点句子
                                                      3.n.  风景              4. p ron.每人
1. I’ve just tried to call you.
                                                      5.n.人口                 6.发生
2. I never want to go shopping again
                                                      7。n.政策              8.adj.可能的
    ---I really hate to go shopping.   ----So do I.
                                                      9.v. n.增加           10.n.人均寿命
3. Have you found him yet?
                                                      11.adj 医学的             12.医疗保健
4. He has already gone home.
                                                      13.v.上升                14.v.推断出
5. At  that time, China was the country with the largest 
                                                      15.n.困难                 16.n.能源
   population in the world.
                                                      17.人                18.n.麻烦
6. Great changes have taken place in China.
                                                      19.adv.少于              20.v.提供
7. I’m the only child in my family.
                                                      21.conj.如果不…           22.n.一对,夫妇
8. No one likes “Little Emperors”
                                                      23.一些,几个            24.adj.努力工作的
9. China has a larger population than any other country in the 
                                                      25.n.市场                 26.adj.极好的
   world.
                                                      27.n.压力,压迫             28.虽然
Section B 一、词汇短语
                                                      29.n.不同                 30.n,(外)孙子
 .
1   have a geography class                                      Topic 3  Section   A  一、词汇短语
 .
2   the population of China.=the China’s population   1.homeless people   2.in need     3.decide on
重点句子
                                                      4. provide sb .with sth.
1.Do you know what the population of China was in 2005? 
                                                      5.greenhouse/fireplace/filmmaker/friendship
2.  what was the population of China in 1985?
                                                                 二、重点句子
3. Let’s talk about people’s lifespan.
                                                      1.That sounds great!
4.In the past, people couldn’t live long because of poor medical 
                                                      2. Once they find people in need, they decide on suitable ways 
care.
                                                      to help them.
5. Now, we live longer.
                                                      3. The government provides homeless people with nice homes.
6. What do you think of the future of China’s population?
                                                      4. It trains them so that they can find jobs again.
Section C 一、词汇短语
                                                      5. It is important for these people to feel good about 
1.More than three billion   2.half of the world’s population 
                                                      themselves.
3.one fifth              4.is known as
                                                      6. The world has changed for the better.
5.be short of energy and water        6.more crowded
                                                                 Section B   一、词汇短语
7.fewer places to live in           8.human beings
                                                      1.have been in  2. excellent restaurants.  3. come for a visit.
9. be in trouble            10. in less developed areas
                                                                 二、重点句子
11. prefer boys to girls
                                                      1.You have been in New York for a long time.
重点句子
                                                      2. How do you like living there?
1.A  large population causes many difficulties, not only for 
                                                      3. you will get used to it.
every family, but also for the whole nation.
                                                      4.It’s a wonderful place to live in.
2.China has done something to control the population.
                                                      5. You can see New York for yourself.
3.It has worked well in controlling China’s population.
                                                      6. What changes have taken place in your village/ town/ city?
4.We still have a long way to go.
                                                                 Section C  一、词汇短语
5 China has tried to control the population.
                                                      1.Be successful in helping--      2. lend sth to sb.
6. How can we make life more comfortable?
                                                      3. a good chance to succeed.       4. take drugs
Section D 一、词汇短语:
                                                      4. two other problems             5. end the war
    1. have fun             2.a couple of hours
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
6. smile on one’s face                                  9.pleasant (反义词) unpleasant   
           二、重点句子
                                                        10. change (形容词) changeable
1.What can be done to help homeless people?
2. It is famous because it has been so successful in helping (二)   重点词组
homeless people return to normal lives.               1.stand /improve / protect the environment 忍受/改善/保护环境         
3. It also lends money to them so that they can rent apartments 
                                                      2.produce terrible gas   产生难闻的气味 
and buy clothes for their children.
                                                                       设法做某事
4. When they finish their training, it will be easy for them to 3.manage to do sth.  
find jobs.                                            4in a good / bad mood    情绪好/差  
5. If anyone takes drugs or disobeys the other rules, he can’t 5.feel uncomfortable   感到不舒适
stay in the program.
                                                      6. pour waste into river   把废水倒入河里
           Section D  一、词汇短语
1.Project Hope                  2. at home and abroad. 7.something useful   有用的事物
2. is used for                   3. has paid for      8.be harmful to sb. / sth.  对某人/某物有害
4. With the money              5. In the past sisteen years,
                                                      9.the look of our cities  城市面貌
           二、重点句子
                                                      10.see fish swimming   看到鱼儿游来游去      
1.Project Hope is a social service program to help people.
2. It has raised a lot of money from people at home and abroad. 11. at present  目前
3. The money is used for children’s education in poor areas. 12. shout at sb.             对某人大喊大叫;斥责某人
4. In the past sixteen years, Project Hope has raised about 3 
                                                      13.stop making so much noise      停止发出如此大的噪音
billion yuan.
5. With the money, it has built thousands of schools and 14.disturb others   打扰别人   
libraries and trained 2300 teachers.                  15.  a kind of pollution      一种污染
6. Most people in China have heard of Project Hope,
                                                      16. be sorry for doing sth.对做了某事感到抱歉 
7. Millions of children have received a better education because 
                                                      17.from now on    从现在起
of Project Hope.
 8. “ What are you reading, Jane?” Maria asked        18.in noisy conditions   在吵杂的条件下    
 Maria asked Jane what she was reading.               19.become deaf   变聋了
9.Jane said, “ I’m reading a newspaper from Canada.”
                                                      20.quite a few             相当少 
 Jane said that she was reading a newspaper from Canada.
 10. “ Are there homeless people in Canada?” Maria asked Jane. 21. no better than  几乎)与……一样差
 Maria asked Jane if there were homeless people in Canada. 22.cause high blood pressure            引发高血压
单词:
                                                      23.in strong, changeable light       在强烈、易变的光线下
1.adj 无家可归的                2.v.    提供           
                                                      二、   重点句型。
3.n. v.  洪水               4.n. 朋友
5.n. 楼梯                 6.adj 公平的                     1. It is difficult for me to breathe.    对我来说很难呼吸。
7.v.使兴奋                 8.n.技能                        2. -How long have you been like this?你处于这样的状态多久
9.n.毒品                 10.v.不服从
                                                      了?
11.v.成功                    12. n.目的
13.v.提到                    14.n.战争                    ----I have been like this since last month. 自从上个月以来我
15.希望工程                16.adj 社会的                     一直这样。
   在国内外                    法语法国的
17.                 18.n. adj.                        3. It is a beautiful place with flowers and grass. 那是个有花有
                Unit 2       Topic 1  
                                                      草美丽的地方。
一、重点词汇       (一)词形变换
                                                      4. All the flowers, grass and fish have gone!  所有的花、草和
  1. produce(名词) producer   2. breathe (名词) breath 
                                                      鱼儿都没有了!
  3. manage (同义词) try     4. soil (近义词) earth    
                                                      5. It smells terrible. 难闻极了。
  5. waste (反义词) save     6. harm (形容词) harmful
                                                      6. There are several chemical factories pouring waste water 
  7. die (名词) death (形容词) dead 
                                                      into the river.  有几座工厂正往河里排放污水。
  8. downstairs (反义词) upstairs  
                                                      7. It’s our duty to protect the environment. 保护环境是我们的
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
职责。                                                   not 与 both、all 、every  以及   every 的派生词连用时,表
8. I have been at this school since last year / for one year. 部分否定。
自从去年,我在这个学校了。                 / 我来到这个学校有一年            如:Not everybody knows this secret. 不是人人知道这个秘密。
了。
  9. Noise is a kind of pollution and it is harmful to our ears. Nobody knows this secret.  没有一个人知道这个秘密。
     噪音是一种污染,对我们的耳朵有害。                                I don’t know all (of) your names. 你们的名字我并不都知道。
三、重点语言点                                               I know none of your names. 我不知道你们所有人的名字。
1.I can’t stand the environment here. 我无法容忍这儿的环境。     8. Recently it was reported that many teenagers in America can 
                                                      hear no better than 65-year-old people do,…近来据报道,美
stand 表“容忍;忍受”,后接名词、代词及动名词做宾语。                        国许多青少年的听力和          65 岁的老人一样差。
                                                      no better than… 表“同……(几乎)一样差;        不比……做得好”
如:   I can’t stand that man, he talks too much. 我忍受不了那  如: Lucy did no better than Lily in the exam. 露西和莉莉考得
个人了,他话太多了。                                            几乎一样糟.      = Lucy almost did as badly as Lily in the exam.
2.What do you mean by sth. ?    某物是什么意思呢?             四、重点语法:       现在完成时中延续性的动作或状态和由                for / 
= What’s the meaning of sth ? = What does sth. mean?  since 引导的一段时间状语搭配使用。
3.I hope I can move from here soon.  我希望我能早点从这儿           a)“for + 时间段”       与  “since +  时间点”      都表
搬走。                                                   “一段时间”,常用         How long 提问。
当主从句主语一致时,常可转换成不定式短语                                    如: ----How long have you been like this?  
= I hope to move from here soon.   我希望早点从这儿搬走。        ----I have been like this since last month./ for a month. 
4.There  are several chemical factories pouring waste water ----How long have you lived in Changle?
into the river. 有几座工厂正往河里排放污水。                        ----I have lived in Changle for ten years / since ten years ago.
There be + sb. / sth. + doing sth.表有某人/ 某物正在做某事。           b) 如句中含有非延续性动词,则改为相应的延续性动
                                                      词或状态。
如:There are some birds singing in the tree.树上有些鸟儿在歌     如:I bought this TV three days ago.= I have had this TV for 
唱。                                                    three days.
There is a little girl crying in the street. 街上有个小女孩在哭。      His cat died yesterday.= His cat has been dead since 
    5.stop doing sth.  停止做(正在进行的)事                    yesterday.
       stop to do sth.  停下来去做(另一件)事                     ※   常见的非延续性动词转换成延续性动词如下:
如:It’s late. They will stop working and (stop) to have supper. come—be here; go—be there; close—be closed; 
很迟了.他们将停下来吃晚饭。                                        open—be  open;buy—have;   borrow —keep;   leave—be 
The students stopped talking and to listen to the teacher. 学生们 away; begin—be on;finish—be over; die—be dead  
停止说话去听课。                                              etc.
6.I’m  sorry for making so much noise. 很抱歉我弄出这么                                 Topic 2
大的噪音。be sorry for doing sth.   表对做过的事感到抱歉             一、重点词汇(一)词形变换
        be sorry to do sth.   表对当前的事感到抱歉              1. none (反义词) all    2. both (反义词) neither   
如:I’m sorry for waking you up yesterday. 很抱歉昨天把你弄     3. rubbish (同义词) litter  
醒了。                                                   4.teal (过去式) stole (过去分词) stolen   
I’m sorry to trouble you. 很抱歉打扰你了。                    5. spit (过去式;过去分词) spat  
7.  …,not all people know that noise is also a kind of pollution. 6. behave (名词) behavior  7. prevent (同义词) stop  
 并不是所有的人都知道噪音也是一种污染。                                  8. although (同义词)  though   9. pollute (句词) pollution       
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
10. completely (形容词) complete                         6.  Nothing is difficult if you set your mind to it.世上无难事,
(二)重点词组                                                只怕有心人。
1.read this article  看这篇文章                            7.  The wind is blowing strongly with lots of sand. 风夹着沙
 2.here and there = everywhere  到处                     子猛烈地刮着。
3.care for = look after = take care of          照顾    8.  They are dying out because of all kinds of pollution.由于各
4.give some advice to …          提出一些建议给……             种污染,他们正濒临灭绝。
5.set one’s mind to sth.      集中精力于……;   用心于……        9.  It caused Harbin City to cut off its water supply for five 
6.protect nature  保护自然         7.wash away  冲走         days.它导致哈尔滨市断水        5 天。
 8.blow away  吹走;刮走                                   10. Some things we’ve done are very good, while some are not 
 9.turn into = change into 转变成 10.die out   灭绝;绝迹      good for the earth.   我们所做的一些事情对地球有益,然
11.stop / prevent …(from) doing sth.        阻止……做某     而有一些却对地球有着负面影响。
事                                                     11. As a result, many rivers and lakes are dead now. 结果,现
12.keep…from doing sth.                 阻止……做某        在许多河流湖泊失去生机。
事                                                     三、   重点语言点
13.move toward…   朝……移动         14.cut down    砍倒     1.It says that China has become the world’s largest producer and 
15.run away    跑走;  流走          16.cut off      中断    user of coal.它(文章)写到中国已经成为世界上最大的煤炭
17.on the earth                            在地球上       生产和消费国。
18.  be in danger of (doing) sth.        处于做某事的危险     sth. + says that… 此句型中主语是事或物,say        表用“文字、
中                                                     数字”说明信息。如:
19.destroy/ harm/ pollute the environment 破坏/损害/污染环   It says “ Happy New Year!” on the card. 卡片上写着“新年快
境                                                     乐!”。
20.have a quiet life  过着平静的生活                         The clock says that it is 20:00 now. 这面钟显示现在是  20:
21.plenty of    大量的    22.come  to realize   开始意识     00。
23.have a clean-up    大扫除                             2. As we know, none of us likes pollution. 众所周知,没有人
24.one after another  一个接着另一个                         喜欢污染。
25.on recycled paper  在再生纸上                           a)none  与 no one 的区别:
26.enter the competition                   进入比赛       none “全无”,既可指人也可指物,后常跟                 of 的短语;   作
27.offer one’s suggestion               提供某人的建议       主语时,谓语动词既可用单数也可用复数;no                   one 只指人,
二、重点句型                                                后不能跟    of 的短语;   作主语时,谓语动词只用作单数。如:
1.  But the government has done something useful to protect 
the environment.但政府为了保护环境已做了一些有益的事。                    He has read none of these books.(指物)这些书他一本都没
2.  We shouldn’t leave rubbish here and there/ everywhere. 看过。
我们不应该到丢弃垃圾。                                           None of my friends like/ likes drawing.(指人)我的朋友们没
3.  Don’t step on the grass or pick the flowers around us. 有一个喜欢画画。
不要践踏我们周围的草坪和采摘花朵。                                      No one is here. 没有一个在这儿。
4.  Everyone should care for /look after/ take care of wild a) none 回答 how many/ much 的问题;no     one 回答
 animals and plant more trees. 每一个人都应当保护野生动物          who 的问题。     如:
 并且多种树。                                                A: How many students come to school by taxi? B: None.
5.  We  should do  everything we  can to  protect the       有多少的学生搭出租车来上学?               没有人。
 environment. 我们应尽一切努力保护环境。                            A: How much water is there in the bottle? B: None.瓶子里有多
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
少水?    一点儿也没有。                                         相当于   though 但比  though 正式。不能与     but 同时连用。如:
 A: Who is in the room?  B: No one.谁在房中?没有人。
3.  It has become a big problem recently.最近它已经成为一     Although the question is difficult, he can still answer it.
个严重问题。                                                尽管这个问题很难,他仍能回答上它。
 recently“到目前为止;近来”,常用于现在完成时。如:                       9.  And  some  animals are in danger of disappearing 
I haven’t heard from him recently. 最近,我没收到他的来信。        completely.= And some animals are in danger of dying out.    
                                                       一些动物濒临灭绝。
She has read some books on history recently. 最近她看了一些   in danger of ( doing ) sth.   处于做某事的危险中;   如:
有关历史的书。                                                They are in danger of losing their lives. 他们正处于失去生命
 4.  When it rains, the soil will be washed away.下雨时,土 的危险中。
壤就会被冲走。                                                  9. You may either take a bus or a taxi. 你们可能搭公车去
will be +过去分词为一般将来时的被动语形式。如:                           或者是搭出租车去。
The earth will be blown away by the wind.  泥土将会被风刮       a) either…or… “要么……要么……;        或者……或者……” 
走。(被动语态)= The wind will blow away the earth.   风将       并列连词,连接对等结构;连接主语时,根据就近原则。如:
会把泥土刮走。(主动语态)                                          You may come either today or tomorrow. 你要么今天来,要
 5.A  lot of rich land has changed into desert, leaving only 么明天来。
sand.                                                   Either you or he is right. 要么你对,要么他对。
许多肥沃的土地已经变成了沙漠,留下的是遍地黄沙。                              b) either 单独使用时,是代词,表“二者之一”既可指人也
a) change… into… = turn… into…  把…..(转)变成…..   如:       可指物;用作主语时,谓语动词用作单数。如:
Please change/ turn English into Chinese. 请把英语变成汉语。    A:Would you like coffee or tea? B: Either is OK 你想要咖啡
When the traffic lights change/ turn into green, we can go. 还是茶?都可以。
当交通灯变成绿色时,我们就可以通行。                                       Either of us is right. 我们俩中有一人是对的。
b) leaving only stand 现在分词短语作状语,     表伴随。如:           四、重点语法             不定代词和不定副词:
The children went away, talking and laughing.孩子们说着、   (一) 不定代词:
笑着离开了。                                                 指人:someone/    somebody   anyone/ anybody   no one/ 
The girl is looking for her mother, crying loudly.    nobody  everyone/everybody     指物:something / anything 
        这个女孩大声地哭着在寻找她的母亲。                             / nothing / everything
 6.Trees can stop the wind from blowing the earth away. (二)不定副词:        指地点:somewhere             anywhere    
    They can also prevent the sand from moving toward the nowhere   everywhere
    rich land. 树可以防风固土,也可阻止风沙吹进良田。                    (三)用法:
Trees can keep water from running away. 树可以防止水土流      1.  some-复合代词/副词常用于肯定句;如:
失。                                                         I saw someone in the room.  我看见房间里有人。
     stop / prevent sb. /sth. (from ) doing sth. 阻止/ 防止 某  There is something in the woods. 树林里有什么东西。
人或某物做某事                                               He has gone somewhere warm for his holiday. 他去暖和的地
     keep sb./sth. from doing sth.   阻止/ 防止 某人或某物     方度假了。
做某事                                                    2.  any-复合代词/副词常用于否定句或疑问句;如:
7.  Although we have built the Great Green Wall, we still need I didn’t see anyone in the room. 我没看见有人在房间里。
 to work hard to protect the environment.  尽管我们已经建了   There isn’t anything in the woods. 树林里没有什么东西。
 绿色长城,我们仍需要致力于保护环境。                                    3.  no- 复合代词/副词表全否定;如:
although 连词,表“虽然;         尽管”,引导让步状语从句,                    I saw nobody in the room. 我看见房间里没有人。
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
     There is nothing in the woods. 树林里没有什么东西。        10.travel a short distance    短途旅行
 4.  every- 复合代词/副词代替全部;如:Everyone           is here. 11.put…into…把……放入……  
     大家都在这儿。                                          12.take up a lot of space   占据许多空间
     It seems he knows everything. 似乎他知道一切。           13.produce power from…从……获得能量
  ※   some-复合代词/副词用于疑问句中时,表希望得到对                      14.run the car   发动汽车
      方的肯定回答或表请求;如:Would                 you    like  15.push…forward /up /down        推…….向前/向上/向下
      something to drink? 你要点喝的东西吗?                   16.power machines                         发动机器
  ※   any-复合代词/副词用于肯定句时,表“任何”;如:                      17.produce electricity by doing sth.         通过做某事发电
If people spit anywhere in public, they should be punished. 如 18.the movement of water  水的流动
果人们在公众的任何地方吐痰,他们应该受罚。                                 19.be used for doing sth 被用作做某事  
  ※   不定代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式;如:                           20.take a quick shower  快速淋浴   
      No one knows this secret. 没有一人知道这个秘密。             21.make a short journey 短途旅行
      Everything goes well. 一切进展顺利。                   22.pick the litter up  捡起垃圾       23.try harder  再努力
  ※   如果有定语修饰,定语应放在不定代词或不定副词后;                        24.produce a short oral report        作一个简短的口头报告
      如:                                              二、重点句型
I have something important to tell you 我有重要的事告诉你。        1.Let’s be greener people.     让我们做环保使者吧。
                                                       2.…my   main job is to help spread message about protecting 
There is nobody strange here. 这儿没有一个陌生人。               the environment.我主要的工作是帮助做有关保护环境的宣传。
  ※   no= not any → nobody = not anybody; nothing = 
      not anything                                       3.It’s kind of you to do that.  你那样做真是太好了。
She didn’t say anything. = She said nothing. 她什么也没说。  4.Would  you like to be a greener person?  你想成为一名绿
There is nobody strange here.= There isn’t anybody strange 色使者吗?
here.这儿没有一个陌生人。                                          5.Easier said than done. 说得容易,做得难。
                             Topic 3                  6.Actions speak louder than words. 百说不如一干;事实胜
一、重点词汇(一)词形变换                                         于雄辩。
1. organization(动词) organize   2.recycle(动名词) recycling 7.Of all the rubbish, about 35 percent can be recycled while the 
3. follow(形容词) following    4.electricity(形容词) electric rest can’t.在所有的垃圾里大约    35%能被回收但剩余的则不能
5. move(名词) movement          6. quick(副词) quickly    8. They work well, but they are slow and can’t run for long.
7. environment(形容词) environmental                        他们行驶得很好,但他们行驶很慢并且不能远距离行驶。
 8. protect(名词) protection
  (二)重点词组                                             三、重点语言点
1.  environmental protection  环境的保护                   1. We  all know that you’re working for some organizations 
2.work for…  为……工作                                     that protect the environment. 我们都知道你为环保组织工作
3.spread message about…                宣传有关……         2. work for…    表“为……工作”
4.reduce the waste/ air pollution       减少浪费/ 空气污染     He works for a foreign company in Shanghai. 他在上海为一家
5.both sides of …   ……的两面                              外资公司工作。
6.rather than   (是)……而不是….                            3.We should use both sides of paper, and reuse plastic bags 
7. not only…but also…                不仅…….而且……         rather than throw them away. 我们应该把纸的两面都使用,
8.save money/ energy/ electricity         省钱/ 能源/ 电    将塑料袋再次使用而不是扔掉。
9.be supposed to do sth. 应当做某事                        a) both 修饰复数名词;而         either 修饰单数名词;      如:
                                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
There are a lot of trees on both sides of the road.= There are a 1.表示并列关系,常用连接词有     and,   not  only…but 
 lot of trees on either side of the road.  在路的两边有许多树。  also…等。如:     His father is a teacher and his mother is a 
                                                       doctor.  他的父亲是一位老师,母亲是一位医生。
b) rather than 表“(是)……而不是”;连词,             连接对等          Mr. Green can not only drive a car but also repair it.格林先
 结构,  相当于    instead of 如:  I like coffee rather than tea. = I 生不但会开车而且还能修车。
 like coffee instead of tea. 我喜欢咖啡而不是茶.               2.表示转折,常用连词有           but, while 等。如:I   bought my 
 He likes listening to music rather than/ instead of singing. 他 sister a present, but she didn’t like it. 我给妹妹买了一件礼物,
 喜欢听音乐而不是唱歌.                                          但是她并不喜欢。
He wants to go today rather than/ instead of tomorrow. 他想 Tom does housework every day while his sister does nothing.
 今天走而不明天.                                              汤姆每天都做家务活,而他的妹妹什么也不做。
 I did my homework rather than watched TV. = I did my  3.表示选择关系,常用连词有             or, either…or…等。如:
 homework instead of watching TV. 昨晚我做作业了而不是          He speaks French, or perhaps he understands it. 他会讲法语,
 看电视.                                                 或者懂法语。
但  rather than 位于句首时,    后跟动词原形,它不受句中谓语                Either he could not come or he did not want to. 他要么是不能
 动词的时态影响。如:                                           来要么是不想来。
 Rather than do it by myself, I didn’t ask for help. 宁可自己干, 4. 表示因果关系,常用连词有       so, for 等。如:
 我没请人帮忙。                                               Her mother is ill, so she has to stay at home and look after her 
4. Everyone is supposed to do it. 每个人都应该那样做。          mother.她母亲病了,所以她不得不呆在家里照看她。
be supposed to do sth.指(按规定、习惯、安排等)应当做某                The ground is very wet, for it rained last night. 地面很湿,因
 事;必须做某事;相当于           should; 用于否定句时,表“允许”           为昨晚下雨了。
 ;  如:                                                                           
Teachers are supposed to/ should know a lot. 老师应该知道很
 多。
You are not supposed to smoke here. 这里不允许抽烟。
   4.  First, you ought to turn off the lights when you leave a 
 room. 首先,当你离开房间的时候,应该随手关灯。
   ought to 情态动词,   表  “应该;  应当”;  语气比    should 强;
 指道义上应该做的事,有时含有责备或督促的语气。should 
 指主观上感到有责任或义务去做。如:
You ought to help your mother do some housework.你应该帮你
 妈妈做些家务。
We should study hard.我们应该努力学习。
其否定式和疑问式:
 You oughtn’t to get up so late in the morning.你早晨不应该起
 这么晚。
Ought I to tell her the bad news? 我该告诉她坏消息吗?
       Yes, you ought./No, you oughtn’t.
四、重点语法        并列句:是由并列连词把两个或两个以上的
简单句连在一起构成的句子,连词前可用逗号,也可不用逗
号。
10积分下载