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广东省2018年中考英语(外研版)总复习课件:第一部分-第1节 同义词、近义词的(共171张PPT)

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初中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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第一部分 中考高频词汇          突破
   第一节    同义词  、近义词    的
       归纳总结    和辨析
         名词类  辨析
★ 1. advice,suggestion
 【辨析】
 (1)advice多指“忠告;劝告”,是不可数名词,不可用an
 ,many,a few等直接修饰,也不能在其后加s,但可以
 用some,much,a piece of等直接修饰。常见搭配有:
 give some advice,ask for advice等。  
 (2)suggestion多指“(供人参考的)想法”,是可数名词
 ,可用a,some,many,a few等直接修饰,有复数形
 式。常见搭配有:give a suggestion,make a 
 suggestion等。
 注意:advise与suggest分别为advice和suggestion的
 动词,意为“向……建议”。
 【演练】

(    D    )1. I made a few ________  about how we could 
spend the afternoon.

A. advice                B. advise 

C. suggests              D. suggestions

(    A    )2. I have some problems with my English 
writing. Could you give me a piece of  ________ ?

A. advice                B. decisions 

C. information           D. suggestion
★2. noise,voice,sound

【辨析】

(1)noise意为“噪音;喧闹声”,常指不悦耳、不和谐的

嘈杂声。

(2)voice指人的嗓音或说话、唱歌时发出的声音。  

(3)sound泛指人们听到的各种“声音”,可以是人或动物

的声音,也可以是大自然的任何声音。
【演练】
(    B     )1. Celine Dion is a fantastic singer. She has 
an amazing  ________ . 
A. noise                 B. voice 
C. sound                 D. music
(    A     )2. Can you hear the  ________  of the river?
A. sound                 B. noise 
C. voice                 D. noisy
(    C     )3. Stop that  ________,noisy boys!
A. voice                 B. sound 
C. noise                 D. music
★3. problem,question
【辨析】
        两者都可表示“问题”。problem指说话者认为难以
解决的问题,常与动词solve或settle(解决)搭配使用。
question则指说话者需要寻找答案的问题,常与动词
ask或answer连用。  
  此外,problem还可指数学、化学或物理等的习题,
而question却无此含义。
【演练】

(   A     )1. —Can you fix this? 
—No ________.

A. problem          B. problems 

C. question         D. questions

(    B     )2. The president refuses to answer further  
________  on this subject.

A. question         B. questions 

C. problems         D. problem
(    C      )3. The physics ________ Max worked out was 
really difficult. He was a genius!

A. questions        B. problems 

C. problem          D. question
★4. job, work

【辨析】

         两者都可指“工作”。job指具体的职业或零工,是

可数名词,a job表示“一份工作”。work通常用作动词

,作名词时常用作不可数名词,a piece of work表示“

一份工作”。  

 注意:work表示“著作;作品”之意时是可数名词,

其复数形式为works。
【演练】

(    A      )1. It’s not easy to find a good _______.
A. job              B. work 

C. jobs             D. works

(    C      )2. He _______ as a worker.
A. work             B. job 

C. works            D. jobs
(    B      )3. She has a lot of _______ to do today.
A. thing                 B. work 

C. works                 D. job

(    B      )4. Everyone’s done an excellent _______ in 
today’s debate(辩论).

A. jobs                  B. job 

C. work                  D. thing
★5. desk,table
【辨析】
       (1)desk意为“课桌;书桌;办公桌;写字台”,指读
书、写字或办公用的桌子,一般都带有抽屉。另外,在
车站等公共场所,专门提供服务的地方也可称为desk。
如:Information Desk咨询处。
  (2)table意为“桌子;餐桌;台子”,指供吃饭、游戏
、工作或安放其他各种东西的桌子或台子。从广义的角
度来说,它包括desk在内。
【演练】

(    C     )1. There are three plates on the _______.

A. desk             B. kitchen 

C. table            D. drawer

(    C     )2. The speaker had several pages of notes 
in front of him on the _______.

A. microphone       B. table 

C. desk             D. screen 
★6. earth,ground,field,land

【辨析】

       (1)earth意为“地;地球;泥土”,它着重指“大地”

,以区别于“天空”,也可以指区别于坚硬岩石的泥土。

  (2)ground意为“地;地面”,主要指大地表面。不

论是泥地、沙地或水泥地,均可用这个词表示,也可用

来指运动场地。

  
(3)field意为“田;地”,常用于指种植农作物的“农田;

土地”,有时也可指研究、活动的“范围;领域”。  

(4)land意为“陆地”,与河流和海洋相对,也可指“土地”

,还可以表示“国土;国家”。

【演练】

(   C     )1. Everyone knows that the _______ is bigger 

than the moon.

A. field            B. land 

C. earth            D. ground
(    B     )2. Fish cannot live on _______. They live in 
the water.

A. floor            B. land 

C. field            D. earth

(    A     )3. The little boy was lying on the _______. He 
looked really relaxed.

A. ground           B. field 

C. earth            D. land
★7. sport,game,match,race

【辨析】

        (1)sport通常指“户外运动”“户外的游戏或娱乐活动”

,以锻炼为主,如篮球、足球、田径运动、跳高、游泳等

。其复数形式sports可指“运动会”。 

    (2)game(美式用法)意为“游戏;运动;比赛”,指两队

之间有组织的比赛,强调是为了娱乐而运动,或指以比赛

胜负为主的运动,通常有一套规则,凡参加者均须遵守。  
   (3)match(英式用法),意为“竞赛;比赛”,大多数是
指正式的体育比赛、球类比赛。
 (4)race主要是指赛跑、赛马(车、船等)的“比赛”,通
常是指速度方面的比赛、从起点到终点的竞赛。 
【演练】

(    D     )1. People all around the world enjoy 
_______.
A. sport            B. game 
C. match            D. sports
(    B     )2. Let’s play the _______. 
A. match            B. game 

C. race             D. sport

(    D     )3. They were strong and won the boat 
_______.

A. sport            B. game 

C. match            D. race
               名词类      辨析
★1. accept,receive

【辨析】

   (1)accept意为“接受”,指经过考虑,由主观意志来

决定接受,动作者本身是主动的。

   (2)receive意为“接到”,指收到某物这一动作,动作

者本身有一定的被动性,不包含本身是否愿意接受的意思

。

  注意:receive也可表“接受”,如:receive / get a 

better education,意为“接受更好的教育”。
【演练】

(    C     )1. On my twentieth birthday, I ______ 
several gifts.

A. get              B. accepted 

C. received         D. took

(    A     )2. He couldn’t  _______ our suggestions but 
our gifts. 

A. accept           B. receive 

C. accepted         D. expected
(    B    )3. He did not _______ a good education at 

university. 

A. accept                B. receive 

C. received              D. got

(   B     )4. She _______ his present,but she didn’t 

_______ it. 

A. accepted;receive      B. received;accept  

C. receives;accept       D. accepts;received
★2. be able to,can
【辨析】
        两者都表示“能;会”,后面都接动词原形。be 
able to有人称、时态及数的变化,可以用于任何时态。
而can没有人称或数的变化,但有一个过去式形式
could,相当于was / were able to,也可以表示现在的
能力,相当于is / am / are able to。 
  注意:be able to可以用于不定式;当表示“过去通
过努力终于做成了某事”时,要用be able to,而不能用
can;表猜测时要用can,而不能用be able to。
【演练】

(    B     )1. They will _______ tell you the news soon.
A. able to          B. be able to 

C. can              D. are able to

(    A     )2. —You _______ use my dictionary. 
—Thank you. 

A. can              B. are able to 

C. were able to     D. could 
(    C     )3. Somebody is knocking at the door. Who 
_______ it be?

A. is able to            B. could 

C. can                   D. can’t

(   C     )4. I _______ swim to the bank after the boat 
turned over. 

A. am able to            B. can 

C. was able to           D. can able to
(   A      )5. —Could I borrow your pen? 

—Sure,you  _______. 

A. can              B. could 

C. can’t            D. are able to
★3. borrow,lend,keep

【辨析】

    (1)borrow意为“借进”,borrow sth. from sb. / sw. 表

示“向某人 / 从某处借入某物”。 

 (2)lend意为“借出”,是borrow的反义词,lend sth. to 

sb. / lend sb. sth. 表示“借出某物给某人”。 

 (3)keep意为“保留;借”,borrow和lend表示的“借”是

短暂性的,而keep表示的是持续性的。“keep sth. +

时间段”表示“借某物多长时间”,常用于完成时态。
【演练】

(   C     )1. You can _______ my iPod for four days.
A. lend             B. borrow 

C. keep             D. get

(    B     )2. Thanks for _______ me the money. 
A. borrowing        B. lending 

C. kept             D. lent
(   A     )3. Joseph _______ his guitar to Betty last 
Friday. 
A. lent             B. lended   
C. borrows          D. kept

(   B     )4. Daisy _______ a book from her cousin and 
she has _______ it for three weeks. 
A. borrowed;lent    B. borrowed;kept 
C. lent;kept        D. lends;borrowed
★4. die,dead,death,dying
【辨析】
        (1)die是瞬间性动词,意为“死;死去”,表示生命
的结束,不能用于被动语态,也不能与表示一段时间的
状语连用。 “died+时间段+ago”表示“死了多长时间”。 
 (2)dead是形容词,意为“死的”,在句中可以充当定语
或表语。“have / has been dead for+时间段”表示“死
了多长时间”。 
 (3)death是名词,意为“死亡”。 

 (4)dying可作die的现在分词,也可作形容词,意为“奄

奄一息的;濒临死亡的”。

【演练】

(     C    )1. Thinking of the _______ of my grandfather, 
I feel very sad.

A. dead             B. die 

C. death            D. died
(    B    )2. Who can save the  _______  dog?
A. dead             B. dying 

C. died             D. die

(    D    )3. The poor man  _______  last night. 
A. was dead         B. is dying 

C. dead             D. died

(   C     )4. The cat has  _______  for two days. 
A. died             B. been died 

C. been dead        D. death
★5. get to,arrive in / at,reach

【辨析】

         三者均可表示“到达”。get表“到达”时是不及物动

词,后接表示地点的名词时要与介词to连用,即“get to

+地点”。 arrive表“到达”时也是不及物动词,后接地

点名词时要借助介词in或at,即“arrive in+大地点,

arrive at+小地点”。reach表“到达”时是及物动词,后

面直接接表示地点的词。 
  注意:(1)get,arrive后接表示地点的副词(如here,

thereC ,home等)时,不需要任何介词作为媒介。 
  (2)到达的地点在句中没有出现时,只能单独使用

arrive。 

【演练】

(    D     )1. Sadly we _______ the factory five minutes 
late.

 A. got             B. arrived in 

C. reach            D. arrived at
(   C     )2. When did he _______ home yesterday?
A. arrived          B. get to 
C. reach            D. gets

(   A     )3. What were you doing when the sandstorm 
_______?
A. arrived          B. reached 
C. got to           D. arrived in

(   C     )4. The kite is in the tree. Can you _______ it?
A. get to           B. arrive at 
C. reach            D. reach in
★ 6. happen,take place

【辨析】

    两者都可表示“发生”。

     (1)happen 意为“意外、偶然、未能预见地发生”,

常见搭配有:sb. happen to do sth. 某人碰巧做某事

;sth.  happen to sb.某事意外地发生在某人身上。

     (2)take place意为“按事先计划或有预谋地发生或举

行”。   
注意:与happen搭配使用的往往是accident,crash

,earthquake,tsunami(海啸)等;与take place搭配

使用的往往是murder,sports meeting,party,

celebration,marriage等。此外,happen和take 

place通常不用于被动语态。
【演练】

(   B      )1. When did the earthquake _______?
A. take place       B. happen 

C. happening        D. took place

(   A     )2. In 1919,the May 4th Movement _______ 
in China. 
A. took place            B. happened 
C. will happen           D. was taking place
(   B     )3. Great changes _______ in the town since 
1998. 
A. have taken place 
B. have been taken place  
C. happened 
D. were happened 

(   B      )4. I _______ to see him on my way home. 
A. took place       B. happened 
C. happening        D. take place
★ 7. hope,wish

【辨析】

    两者都可以作动词,表示“希望”。hope用作动词时

,后面可接不定式或that从句,但不能接“宾语+不定

式”(即不能用hope sb. to do sth￿结构)。wish作动词

时,后面可接不定式或“宾语+不定式”;wish接 that

从句时,一般表示某种强烈而又难以实现的“愿望”,常

用虚拟语气。
注意:(1)wish可表示良好的“祝愿”,后面接“宾语+宾

补(形容词或名词)”,而hope不能这样用。   

(2)在简略句中,如要表示“希望某事不会发生”时,应

说I hope not,而不说I don’t hope so。  

(3)此外,hope和wish都可以作名词。
【演练】

(    B    )1. —What are you going to do when you grow 
up?

 —A singer, but my parents wish me _______ a 

teacher.

A. am                    B. to be 

C. will be               D. be
(    C    )2. I _______ you’ll be better soon.
A. make             B. get   

C. hope             D. wish

(    A    )3. I _______ Rachel to be my partner. 

A. wish             B. hope 

C. expecting        D. look forward
★8. put on,wear,dress,in
【辨析】
    (1)put on意为“穿上;戴上”,强调“穿”“戴”的动作
,后接衣服、鞋帽等。 
 (2)wear意为“穿着;戴着”,表示状态,宾语可以是
衣帽,也可以是饰物、奖章等。  
 (3)dress的宾语通常是人,意为“给……穿衣服”。
dress oneself或get dressed表示“给自己穿衣服”。
be dressed in的意思是“穿着”,表示状态。
   (4)in是介词,后接表示衣服或颜色的词,着重于服装
的款式或颜色。它所构成的短语只能作表语或定语。  
【演练】

(    D    )1. Betty seldom _______ her rings.

A. has              B. puts on 

C. in               D. wears

(   C     )2. _______ your coat and scarf. It’s freezing 
outside. 

A. Putting on       B. Wear 

C. Put on           D. Take off
(    D    )3. My daughter is old enough to _______ 
herself. 

A. put on           B. wear 

C. get dressed      D. dress

(   B     )4. Do you know the girl _______ a bright pink 
skirt?

A. dressed          B. in 

C. has on           D. with
★ 9. join,join in,take part in, attend

【辨析】

    四者都可以表示“参加”。  

(1)join后面直接接名词,表示“加入某一组织、党派、

社会团体而成为其中的一员”,也可以直接接表示人的

名词或代词,表示“加入到某人或某些人的行列当中去”

。   

(2)join in sth. / doing sth. 意为“参加”,后面接的宾语

一般是表示竞赛、娱乐、游戏等小规模活动的名词或动

名词。 
(3)take part in指参加会议或群众性的活动,往往指参加

者持有积极的态度并在其中起到一定的作用。  
(4)attend常指参加或出席正式的活动或场合,如会议、

典礼、婚礼、葬礼等,还可指去听课、听报告等。

【演练】

(    C    )1. How many countries will _______ the World 
Cup?

A. take part        B. join 

C. take part in     D. join in
(   D      )2. She _______ the Health Club. 
A. attended         B. took part in 

C. joined in        D. joined

(   D     )3. They all _______ singing the song. 

A. join             B. take part in 

C. attend           D. join in

(   A     )4. I _______ her wedding. 

A. attended         B. joined 

C. joined in        D. took part in
★ 10. leave,forget,lose

【辨析】

    leave与forget都可表示“遗忘”。leave后面可接具体

地点,常用于leave sth./ sb. sw￿结构中,表示“将

……遗忘 / 落在某处”。forget表此意时,宾语后面不

可接具体地点,但可以接事物或人,即forget sth./ sb.

,表示“忘记……”。lose意为“丢失;失去;失败”,

lose sth￿表示“丢失某物”。
【演练】

(    C    )1. I’m afraid that I’ve _______ my key in the 
office.

A. lost   B. forgot C. left       D. missed

(   D    )2. Oh my God!How could I _______ my 

birthday?

A. lose   B. lost   C. leave       D. forget

(   A    )3. She _______ her wallet by accident. 

A. lost   B. left   C. missed      D. forgot
★ 11. listen (to),hear

【辨析】

    两者都有“听”的意思。

(1)listen是不及物动词,其后若接宾语要加介词to,

listen to表示听的动作及过程,不涉及结果。

(2)hear是及物动词,表示“听到”,强调结果。 
【演练】

(   C     )1. Look! They’re _______ the teacher 
carefully.

A. listening        B. hearing 

C. Alistening to    D. hearing to
(        )2. Hey,come in!Don’t you _______ me?

A. hear             B. listen to 

C. listen           D. heard
(   A     )3. I _______ nothing although I _______ her 

with all my attention. 

A. heard;listened to 

B. listened;heard 

C. heard;listened 

D. listened to;heard
★ 12. look,see,watch,notice,read

【辨析】

 (1)look指集中注意力地看,强调“看”的动作。

(2)see强调“看”的结果。

(3)watch意为“观看;注视”,指以较大的注意力观看

,如看电视、比赛等。

(4)notice意为“看到;注意到”,指有意识地注意,含

有从不注意到注意的变化的意义。

(5)read只用于看书报或杂志之类。
【演练】

(   C     )1. Please _______ the blackboard.
A. look             B. see 

C. look at          D. look for

(    B    )2. May I _______ the football game now?
A. see              B. watch 

C. look             D. read
(   C     )3. Did you _______ anything unusual?
A. saw              B. look 
C. notice           D. read

(   D     )4. Can you _______ the word clearly?
A. noticing         B. to see 
C. notice           D. see

(   B     )5. I’ve never _______ such an interesting 
comic book before. 
A. seen             B. read 
C. looked           D. watched
★ 13. look for,find,find out

【辨析】

    三者都与“找”有关。

(1)look for意为“寻找”,强调找的过程,结果未知。

(2)find意为“找到”,强调找的结果。

(3)find out意为“查出;查明”,表示经过调查、访问等

努力之后才找到或发现事实,弄清真相。
【演练】

(    A    )1. Remember, wherever you go, I _______ 

you.

A. will find        B. find 

C. Cwill look for   D. find out

(        )2. The police _______ the missing child in the 

mountain,but they couldn’t _______ him. 

A. found;look for   B. were looking for;find

C. looked for;find  D. looked for;found out
(   C   )3. In the end,people _______ what caused 

the accident. 

A. will find out    B. found 

C. found out        D. realize
★ 14. offer,provide,supply
【辨析】
    三者都有“提供”之意。
(1)offer侧重表示“愿意给予”,常见搭配有:offer sb. 
sth. / offer sth. to sb.提供某人某物;offer to do 
sth￿主动提出做某事。
(2)provide指为应付意外、紧急情况等做好充分准备而
“供给;提供”,常用于provide sb. with sth. 或
provide sth. for sb￿结构中。这两个短语均表示“为
某人提供某物”,通常可以互换。 
 (3)supply通常指定期“供应”,强调替代或补充所需物

品,常用于supply sb. with sth. 或supply sth. to sb.

结构中。这两个短语均表示“向某人提供某物”,两者通

常也可以互换。

【演练】

(   C     )1. The school _______ food for these 

students.

A. supplied         B. offered 

C. provided         D. gave
(    B     )2. She _______ me a cup of coffee. 

A. provided         B. offered 

C. give             D. supply

(    A    )3. He offered _______ me some books. 

A. to lend          B. to borrow 

C. for lending      D. of borrowing
★ 15. say,speak,talk,tell

【辨析】

    (1)say意为“说”,强调说话的内容,也可以表示某处

“写有”。 

     (2)speak用作不及物动词时,意为“说话”,强调说

话的动作或能力;用作及物动词时,意为“讲”,后面接

某种语言。   
     (3)talk意为“谈话;交谈”,强调两人之间的交谈。常

见搭配有:talk with / to sb. 与某人交谈;talk about 

sth. 谈论某事。 

  (4)tell意为“告诉;讲述”,后面常接双宾语,即:tell 

sb. sth. / tell sth. to sb. 告诉某人某事。
【演练】

(   C     )1. I think I can _______ it in English. Let me 

have a try.

A. speak            B. said 

C. say              D. talking

(   C     )2. My uncle often _______ us funny stories 

when we were young. 

A. said             B. spoke 

C. told             D. tells
(   D    )3. Could you _______ at the age of one?
A. talk             B. tell 

C. say              D. speak

(   B    )4. She’s an active girl,and she likes _______ 

to others. 

A. speaking         B. talking 

C. to tell          D. saying

(   A    )5. Ashley could _______ German and French. 

A. speak   B. talk  C. say    D. tell
★ 16. spend,cost,take,pay

 【辨析】

    四者都可以表示“花费”。  

    (1)spend的主语必须是人,常用于以下结构:spend 

time / money on sth. 在……上花费时间 / 金钱;spend 

time / money (in)doing sth. 花费时间 / 金钱做某事。   

     (2)cost的主语是物或某种活动,还可以表示“值”,常

见用法有:sth. cost(s)sb. money某物花了某人多少钱。   
   (3)take往往表示花时间,常见用法有:it takes / took 

sb. time to do sth. 做某事花

了某人多少时间;doing sth. takes / took sb. time做某

事花了某人多少时间。  

 (4)pay的基本用法有:pay (sb.)money for sth. 付钱(

给某人)买某物;pay for sth. 付某物的钱;pay for sb. 

替某人付钱。 
【演练】
(   A     )1. I have_______ all day looking for you.
A. spent            B. took 
C. cost             D. paid
(   C    )2. How much did it _______ to build the bridge
?
A. spend            B. paid 
C. Bcost            D. took
(        )3. It _______ my father about half an hour to 
cook supper last night. 
A. paid             B. took 
C. spent            D. cost
(   D     )4. He _______ much time on books. 
A. pays             B. takes 

C. costs            D. spends

(   A     )5. —How much is the ticket to Central Park?

  —A one￿way ticket _______ ¥40, and you 

can _______ another ¥20 for a round￿trip. 

A. costs;pay        B. cost;spend 

C. pay;spend        D. spends;pay
★ 17. take,bring,carry,get

【辨析】

 (1)take意为“拿去;带去”,指把某物或某人从说话处

带到别处去,与bring所表达的方向相反(单程)。   

(2)bring意为“拿来;带来”,指把某物或某人从别处带

到说话处来。   
(3)get意为“取来”,表示到某处把某人请来或把某物取

来,此时相当于fetch。   

(4)carry意为“搬运;携带”,没有方向性。
【演练】

(   A     )1. Please _______ the book to Mr. Black when 

you go to see him, OK?

A. take             B. bring 

C. get              D. carry

(   C    )2. Father _______ me a present from Australia. 

I like it a lot. 

A. took             B. got 

C. brought          D. carried
(   B    )3. Do you know the woman who is _______ a 
baby in her arms?

A. taking           B. carrying 

C. taken            D. brought

(   B     )4. There is no water in the bottle. Why not go 

and _______ some?

A. take             B. get 

C. to take          D. to get
★ 18. win,beat

【辨析】
   (1)win意为“赢得比赛;获胜”,其宾语是表示比赛

(game,match,contest,competition,war)、奖品

(prize,medal)等内容的名词,不能是人。

(2)beat 更侧重“打败;胜过”之意,其后所接的宾语多

是某运动员或球队之类。此外,beat还可以表示“敲打

;(心脏等)跳动”。   

附:win a match赢得比赛;beat sb.打败某人;beat 

sb. in a match在一场比赛中打败某人。 
【演练】

(   C     )1. Last week our school _______ their school 

at football.

A. won              B. winned 

C. beated           D. beat

(   C     )2. He _______ the first place in the shooting 

competition. 

A. win              B. get 

C. won              D. beat
(   B     )3. I’m sure they can _______ Class 3 in the 

basketball match. 

A. win              B. beat 

C. beaten           D. won

(   B     )4. The youngest athlete _______ his 
competitors and _______ the gold medal in the end. 

A. won;beat         B. beat;won 

C. won;won          D. beat;beat
               介词类      辨析

★1. after,behind

【辨析】

   (1)after意为“在……(时间)之后”,也可意为“在……(地

点)之后”,表示次序。 

 (2)behind后面接表示地点的名词时,意为“在……后面

”,着重指位置的前后;偶尔也指时间,表示“按照一定的

时刻而迟了”的意思。
【演练】

(    A     )1. Two days _______ his arrival, I called on 
him.

A. after            B. behind 

C. later            D. in

(   C     )2. I walked out and closed the door _______ 
me.

A. before           B. after 

C. behind           D. outside
★ 2.  like,as
【辨析】
        两者都可表示“像……一样”,但它们的区别在于:
like是介词,用于名词、代词、动名词之前;as是连词
,用于分句之前。但在口语中,like往往也可用作连词
,并可与as互换。当表示职业、身份、作用等意义时,
两者都用作介词,此时的区别在于:as意为“作为”,表
示比较的双方具有同一性(即同属一类或完全相似);like
意为“像”,只表示在某些方面相似。
【演练】

(    A     )1.  Do everything _______ I do.
A. as               B. after 

C. that             D. likes

(    B     )2. He _______ his mother. 
A. like             B. looks like 

C. be like          D. as
(    C     )3. She _______ a teacher for many years. 
A. is like          B. works 

C. works as         D. work for

(    B    )4. Our doctor always talks to me _______ a 
teacher talking to a child. 

A. as               B. like 

C. likes            D. liking
★ 3. among,between,in the middle of

【辨析】

    (1)among意为“在……之中 / 中间”,指三者或三者以

上,通常表示某一范围。 

 (2)between意为“在……之间”,指在两者之间,常与

and 连用。

    (3)in the middle of意为“在……中间”,指在某事物中

间,强调事物两端的中间。
【演练】

(    D    )1. There is a small village _______ the three 
mountains.

A. between          B. at 

C. below            D. among

(    D    )2. I used to spend a lot of time traveling 
_______ London and Paris.

A. from             B. among 

C. in the middle of D. between
(   C     )3. He is standing _______ the classroom. 
A. among                 B. between  

C. in the middle of      D. at
★ 4. across,cross,through,past,pass
【辨析】
    (1)across,through,past是介词。across意为“横跨
;横穿;穿越”,与go / walk等动词连用时,表示“穿过
;越过;横穿”的意思,与cross基本同义;across 
(from)还可以表示“在 / 到……对面”。 through意为“穿
过;通过;贯穿;透过”,常与go,walk等动词连用,主
要表示从物体内部穿过,如穿过森林、隧道等。past作介
词时,意为“过去;经过”;作名词或形容词时,意为“过
去(的)”。
(2)cross,pass是动词。cross意为“横过;交叉”,主

要表示在物体表面上横穿,如横过马路、过桥、过河等

,与go across同义。pass意为“经过;穿过;渡过”,

相当于动词后面接past,如go / travel / run past。

pass by意为“走过;路过”。
【演练】

(    A    )1. Three months _______ and then one 
morning, Sam found his wallet outside his front 

door.

A. passed           B. past 

C. crossed          D. across

(   B     )2. The river runs _______ our city. 
A. across           B. through 

C. cross            D. pass
                                     ,
(   B     )3. Before walking _______ the bridge buy 
some drinks in the store. 

A. cross            B. across 

C. through          D. past
★ 5. except,besides,but,except for,beside
【辨析】
    这四个词里,except和besides是中考重点。  
     (1)except 意为“除……之外(没有……)”,强调所排
除的“不包括在内”,一般表示在同类的整体中除去一个
部分。
   (2)besides意为“除了……(还有……)”,指在整体中
加入一部分,有“加上”之意。
  (3)but意为“除……之外”,与except的用法基本相
同,但着重强调整句的内容,且习惯置于every / all / 
any / nobody / nothing / no / who等词之后。   
   (4)except for也意为“除……以外”,指对某种基本情

况进行具体的细节方面的修正,其后所接的词与句子中
的整体词(主语)不是同类的,指从整体中除去一个细节、

一个方面。 
 (5)beside是方位介词,表示 “在……旁边”,相似于

near,next to等。
【演练】

(    A    )1. _______ his wife, his daughter also went to 
see him.

A. Besides          B. Beside 

C. But              D. Except

(   B     )2. Nobody went to see him _______ his wife. 
A. expect           B. except 

C. besides          D. except for
(   D     )3. Nobody was late _______ you.
A. except for       B. besides        

C. beside           D. but

(   B     )4. The composition is very good _______ a 
few spelling mistakes.

A. except           B. except for      

C. but              D. besides
(   D    )5. I moved from behind my desk to sit _______ 
her.

A. besides          B. except 

C. near to          D. beside
★ 6. since,from,for

【辨析】
    三者都能用来表示时间,但用法不同。

  (1)since 意为“自从……”,所表示的是一个时间点。

它既可以用作介词,又可以用作连词,后接时间名词或短

语,也可以用来引导时间状语从句。主句的谓语动词用完
成时态,且为延续性动词;而since引导的从句中的谓语

动词通常用一般过去时,且为短暂性动词。    
(2)from 意为“自从……”,只用作介词,表示一个事情的

开始点,可用于过去、现在或将来时态。

(3)for作介词,后面接时间段,用于完成时、现在时、过

去时和将来时,句中要用延续性动词。   
【演练】

(    B    )1. Two weeks has passed since the new term 
_______.

A. has begun        B. began 

C. begins           D. was begun

(   B     )2. I _______ Mary since she was a little girl.
A. knew             B. have known 

C. know             D. began to know
(   A     )3. I have lived here _______ more than twenty 
years ago.

A. since  B. for    C. from      D.  / 

(   A     )4. Breakfast is available to fishermen _______ 
6:00 to 7:30 a￿m.

A. from   B. for    C. since      D. at

(    B    )5. They’ve been in China _______ one and a 

half years. 

A. in     B. for    C. every  D. after
★ 7. in,after,later

【辨析】
    三者都含有“在……以后”的意思。区别如下:

 (1)in作介词,用来表示从现在算起的“过一段时间以后”

,常用于将来时。  
 (2)after可作介词,其后既可接时间点,又可接时间段。

如果after用于一般将来时,那么其后只能接时间点。

 (3)later作副词,可以指过去,也可指将来,常常放在表

示时间段的名词之后。  
【演练】

(   C     )1. Four days _______, they reached the 
island.

A.C after B. on     C. later  D. in

(        )2. We’ll meet him _______ two o’clock. 

A. Din    B. for    C. after  D. later
(        )3. The sports meeting will be held in this city 

_______ about six weeks this year. 

A. at     B. on     C. after  D. in
★ 8. in,on,at

【辨析】
    in,on,at后面均可以接时间,表示“在……(时候)”。

区别如下:
(1)in除了接时间段用在将来时中,还可接年份、季节、月

份等,或者用在一些固定短语当中。  
(2)on后接具体的一天或者具体一天的上午、下午或晚上,

或者用在一些固定短语当中。  
(3)at后接具体时刻,或者用在一些固定短语当中。
【演练】

(   C     )1. —When was David born? —He was born 
_______ June 12th, 1989.
A. at     B. in         C. on      D. for

(   B     )2. —The charity work begins _______ 9:00 
a.m. Don’t be late. 
—No problem. 
A. in     B. at         C. on      D. to

(   A      )3. —How soon will Rachel come home? 
—_______half a month. 
A. In     B. On         C. For     D. At
★ 9. under,below

【辨析】

    (1)under指“在……正下方;少于(用于数量等)”,其反

义词为over。

    (2)below泛指“在……下方;少于(用于温度、高度等)”

,其反义词为above。
【演练】

(    B    )1. There is a cat _______ the table.
A. in     B. under     C. next     D. between

(    A    )2. Anyone who is _______ 18 years old isn’t 

allowed to enter here. 

A. under  B. less     C. below        D. on

(   C     )3. The temperature today is ten degrees 
_______ zero. It’s freezing cold. 

A. above   B. on    C. below       D. under
          形容词、副词类             辨析

★ 1. alive,living,lively,live

【辨析】

   前三个都可用作形容词,live则通常用作动词。  

(1)alive意为“活着的;在世的”,强调生与死的“界限”,

既可修饰人,又可修饰物。alive可作表语、定语。当它作

定语时,应放在被修饰的名词之后。  

(2)living意为“活着的”,强调“尚在人间”或“健在”,常置

于名词之前用作定语,也可用作表语。living前加上the, 
表示类别,指“活着的人们”。living 还可用于固定短语中

,如:make a living谋生。  

(3)lively意为“活泼的;充满活力的”,常作定语或表语,

可以用来修饰人或物。  

(4)live作动词时,意为“生活;生存”,读作/lIv/;作形容

词时,常意为“现场的;直播的”,读作/laIv/,一般不用

来修饰人。
【演练】

(    C     )1. I just want to _______ to be 120 years old.

A. living           B. alive 

C. live             D. lively

(   A     )2. It’ll be the biggest _______ concert the 

world has ever seen.

A. live             B. lively 

C. alive            D. living
(    B    )3. We don’t know whether he’s dead or 

_______.

A. life             B. alive 

C. live             D. lively
   D
(         )4. He is regarded as one of the best _______ 

writers at present.

A. alive            B. live 

C. lively           D. living
★ 2. whole,all

【辨析】

        两者都可表示“全部;都;整个”,然而它们所修饰

的词及词序不同。 

(1)whole用来修饰可数名词单数形式,all多用来修饰不

可数名词或可数名词复数形式。  

(2)whole和all在句中的词序不同。whole常置于冠词 (a

,an,the )、单数指示词或所有格词之后;而all常置

于定冠词(the)、指示代词或所有格词之前。
【演练】

(    C     )1. My teacher gave me _______ I needed. 
A. the whole advice      B. the all advice 

C. all the advice        D. whole the advice

(    A     )2. _______ were relaxing on the beach.
A. The whole family      B. Whole the family 

C. The all family        D. All family
★ 3. alone,lonely

【辨析】

    (1)alone作形容词时,意为“单独的”,只能作表语。

此外,alone 还可作副词,相当于by oneself / on 

one’s own,意为“单独地;独自”。  

  (2)lonely作形容词,意为“孤独的;寂寞的;荒凉的”

,含有较浓的情感色彩,既可作定语,又可作表语。
【演练】

(    B    )1. The old peasant lived in a(n)_______ village 
far away, and he often feels _______.

A. alone;lonely     B. lonely;lonely 

C. alone;alone      D. lonely;alone

(    C    )2. Please don’t leave me _______. 
A. lonesome         B. lone 

C. alone            D. lonely
(   A     )3. He felt even _______ in the middle of this 
modern city even though he didn’t live _______. 

A. lonelier;alone 

B. more alone;lonely 

C. lonelier;lonely 

D. alone;lonely￿
★ 4. aloud,loud,loudly

【辨析】
    (1)aloud是副词,意为“出声地;大声地”,常与read,

call等动词连用,强调为了使人听见而发声,但声音不一

定很大,通常不用于进行比较。   
(2)loud是副词,意为“响亮地;高声地”,常与speak,

talk,sing,laugh等动词连用,强调音量大、传播远,

常用比较级形式。loud也可以用作形容词,意为“大声的”

。   
(3)loudly是副词,意为“响亮地”,其基本意义与loud相

同,还常与ring,knock等动词连用,含有“喧闹”或“嘈

杂”的意味。 

【演练】

(   B     )1. Facts speak _______ than words. 
 A. loud            B. louder     

C. loudly           D. aloud
(   B     )2. Suddenly the bell on the wall rang _______. 

 A. aloud           B. loudly     

C. loud             D. louder

(   A    )3. Please read the letter _______ so that 

everybody can hear you. 

A. aloud            B. loud 

C. loudly           D. aloudly
★ 5. already,yet,still
【辨析】
    (1)already意为“已经”,多用于肯定句中,通常与完
成时连用。already也可用于疑问句中,但不表真心的疑
问,而表“惊奇”。它常置于句中,有时为了强调而置于
句末。  
   (2)yet意为“已经;仍然;还”,多与完成时连用,一般
只用于否定句或疑问句中,且常置于句末。  
   (3)still意为“仍然;还”,可用于各种句式中,且一般
只置于句中。
【演练】

(    A    )1. Have you found your ruler _______?
A. yet              B. still 

C. almost           D. already

(   D     )2. I have _______ seen the film.
A. sometimes        B. yet 

C. still            D. already

(   D    )3. She hasn’t realized her mistake _______.
A. already  B. still C. never      D. yet
★ 6. everyday,every day

【辨析】

    (1)everyday是形容词,意为“每天的;日常的”,后面

要接被修饰的名词,其近义词为daily。

     (2)every day是副词,意为“每天”,放在句首或句末

,用来修饰整个句子。    
【演练】

(   B     )1. She was dressed in her _______ clothes at 
the party.

A. every day        B. everyday 

C. casually         D. usually

(   C     )2. She can’t be with him _______. 
A. everyweek        B. everyday 

C. every day        D. a day
(   B     )3. How do you go to school _______?
A. Monday           B. every day 

C. everyday         D. weekday
★ 7. good,well

【辨析】

    两者都有“好”的意思。good是形容词,意为“好的”。

well作副词时,意为“好地”;作形容词时,意为“身体好

的;健康的”;作名词时,意为“井”;well还可以用作语

气词。  
【演练】

(   B     )1. I’m not feeling _______ today.
A. nicely           B. well 

C. good             D. badly

(   C    )2. That’s a  _______ place to have fun. 
A. wonderfully      B. terribly 

C. good             D. well
(   C    )3. His sister is a _______ singer. She sings  
_______. 

A. nice;good

B. wonderful;badly 

C. good;well 

D. well;beautifully 
★ 8. high / low,dear / cheap
【辨析】
    这四个词都可以用来形容物品的价值,既可以作表语,
又可以作定语。 
 (1)high意为“高的”,反义词为low,意为“低的”,强调
某物价格的高低。常见的短语有:at a low / high price 以
低廉 / 高昂的价格。   
(2)dear / expensive意为“贵的”,反义词为cheap / 
inexpensive,意为“便宜的”,强调某物的贵贱。
  附:除了表示价格,high / low还可以表示嗓音、海拔
、血压等的高低。
【演练】

(   C     )1. The price of the pen is _______ for him. He 
can’t afford it. 

A. low              B. cheap 

C. high             D. expensive

(    D    )2. This is a(n) _______ hat,but it has really 
good quality. 

A. dear             B. high 

C. inexpensive      D. expensive
(    A     )3. Who asked you to scream at such a 

_______ voice?

A. high             B. low 

C. big              D. small
★ 9. other,else

【辨析】

    两者都可表示“别的;其他的”。  

(1)other在句子中作定语,在一般情况下,它常常修饰可数

名词复数形式,且放在被修饰的名词之前。   

(2)else用来修饰something,anything,nothing,

nobody,anybody等不定代词或who,whose,what,

when,where等特殊疑问词,且放在这些词之后。
【演练】

(    D    )1. We went _______ except Tian’anmen 
Square.

A. nowhere else          B. else places 

C. else nowhere          D. somewhere else

(    B    )2. Mary is here,but the _______ are still out 
in the campus. 

A. else girls            B. other girls 

C. other girl            D. rest girls
(   B     )3. What _______ do you need?

A.  toys other           B. else 

C. else toys             D. other
★ 10. a few,few,a little,little

【辨析】
    a few,few,a little,little均可充当形容词修饰名词,

其中a few,few修饰可数名词复数形式,a little,little修

饰不可数名词;a few,a little表示肯定的意义,few,

little表示否定的意义。  

附:(1)如果有only,just,quite等词修饰,我们通常说

only / just / quite a few / little。  

(2)a little还可以修饰形容词或副词的原级和比较级,如:a 

little fat有点胖;a little faster 更快一点。
【演练】

(    D    )1. It is good for the fish to have _______ water 
plants in the tank to keep the water pure.

A. little           B. a little  

C. few              D. a few

(    C    )2. The twins can speak _______ French.
A. a few            B. few  

C. little           D. a little of
(   C     )3. We need to put _______ salt on the fish so 

as to make it salty. 

A. a few            B. few  

C. a little         D. little 

(   C     )4. There are _______ people in front of me in 
the queue. I have to wait for a long time.

A. very little      B. only a few  

C. quite a few      D. quite a little
(    D    )5. —David often plays alone. He has _______ 

friends. 

—Yes. He is too shy to make friends.

A. little           B. a little 

C. a few            D. few
★ 11. sleepy,asleep,sleep

【辨析】

    (1)sleepy作形容词,意为“困乏的;昏昏欲睡的”,可作定

语或表语。 

 (2)asleep作形容词,意为“睡着的”,只能作表语。常见

搭配有:fall asleep入睡。 

 (3)sleep常作动词,意为“睡着”;它也可作名词,意为“

睡一觉”。
【演练】

(    C    )1. He goes to bed very late every day, so he 
often feels _______.

A. asleep           B. sleeping 

C. sleepy           D. sleep

(    A    )2. She was very tired and was fast _______.
A. asleep           B. slept 

C. sleepy           D. sleep
(   A     )3. I was too excited to go to _______.
A. sleep            B. sleepy 

C. asleep           D. sleepless
★ 12. please,pleased,pleasure,pleasant
【辨析】
    (1)please作动词,有两个意思:一是表请求或要求的语
气,意为“请”;二是表“使……满意;讨人喜欢”。  
   (2)pleased作形容词,意为“感到高兴的;喜欢的;满意
的”。它指的是人主观上感到的满足心理,主语一般为人。
常见搭配有:be pleased to do sth. 做某事感到高兴;be 
pleased with对……感到满意、高兴;be pleased that … 
(后接从句)对……感到满意、高兴。  
   (3)pleasure一般用作名词,意为“满足;乐事”。    
   (4)pleasant作形容词,意为“令人愉快的”,主语一般为
物。
【演练】

(    C    )1. It’s hard to _______ all, just be yourself.
A. pleased          B. pleasure 

C. please           D. pleasant

(    B    )2. —Thank you for carrying the box for me,
James.

—My _______.

A. please           B. pleasure 

C. pleasant         D. pleased
(   A     )3. Sunday will be a _______ day. Let’s go 
hiking together.

A. pleasant         B. pleased 

C. please           D. pleasure
★ 13. maybe,may be

【辨析】

    (1)maybe是副词,相当于perhaps,意为“也许;可能”

。

     (2)may be是由情态动词may和助动词be构成的,意为“

也许是;可能是”,位于句子中间,作谓语。 
【演练】

(    B    )1. —Where’s Joanne?   
—I’m not sure. She _______ in her office.

A. maybe            B. may be 

C. may              D. might is

(    A    )2. _______ he wasn’t angry with you. 
A. Maybe            B. Might 

C. May              D. May be
★ 14. ever,never,even

【辨析】

    ever常用于完成时的疑问句中,意为“曾经”;也可用于

否定句中,意为“在任何时候;从来”,表示否定含义。

never意为“从未;从不;未曾”。even意为“甚至;更”,

常接形容词或副词的比较级。
【演练】

(    C    )1. That’s even _______.
A. bad              B. badder 
C. worse            D. worst

(    B    )2. Neither of us had _______ skied. 
A. never            B. ever 
C. even             D. forever

(   D    )3. He had no sense of shame and _______ felt 
guilty.
A. yet    B. ever   C. even   D. never
★ 15. either,too,also,as well

【辨析】

    它们都可以表示“也”。either用于否定句中,表示“也不

”,置于句末,通常用逗号隔开。too用于肯定句或一般疑

问句中,置于句末,用逗号隔开,较口语化。also通常用

于肯定句中,置于行为动词之前、助动词之后,较正式。

as well通常用于肯定句中,置于句末,不用逗号隔开,较

口语化。
【演练】

(    A    )1. Besides Henry,Paige wants to join the 
club,_______. 

A. too              B. also 

C. either           D. neither

(    A     )2. I haven’t been to Korea. Coco hasn’t,
_______. 

A. either           B. too 

C. also             D. as well
(   C     )3. Jacky is a French teacher. Tom is _______ 
a wonderful French teacher. 

A. too              B. as well 

C. also             D. either
★ 16. either,neither

【辨析】
    两者都可以作形容词或代词。作形容词时,一般接可数

名词单数形式;作代词时,一般接动词的第三人称单数形

式。  
(1)either作形容词时,意为“(两者中)任一的”;作代词时,

意为“两者中的任何一个”,表肯定。   

(2)neither作形容词时,意为“(两者中)都不……的”;作代

词时,意为“两者都不”,表否定。 
附:(1)either还可作副词,意为“也不”,表否定。   

(2)either … or … 意为“要么……要么……”;neither … 

nor … 意为“既不……也不……”。当它们连接主语时,谓

语动词遵循“就近原则”。
【演练】

(    A    )1. Willows(杨柳)are planted on _______ side 
of the street.

A. either           B. nor 

C. neither          D. both

(    B    )2. —Which do you prefer,milk or coffee? 
—_______will do,I don’t particularly mind. 

A. Neither          B. Either 

C. Both             D. None
(   D     )3. Brian didn’t cry,_______ did Bruce. 
A. either           B. none 
C. also             D. neither
(   D     )4. Jane knows neither French _______ 
English. 
A. but also         B. and 
C. or               D. nor
(   A     )5. Either my parents or my brother _______ 
there before. 
A. has been         B. have been  
C. has gone         D. have gone
★ 17. each,every

【辨析】
    (1)each通常作形容词或代词,指二者或二者以上的“每

一个”,强调个体,既可用作限定词,也可单独作主语或宾

语,后面可以接of。  

(2)every多作形容词,指三者或三者以上的“每一个”,强

调整体,既不能单独使用,后面也不可以直接接of。every

还有“每隔(一定的数目或时间)的;每……一次的;每……

之中的”的意思,如: every three weeks每三周。
【演练】

(   A     )1. He gave _______ of his parents a book.

A. each             B. every 

C. both             D. all

(    B    )2. There are flowers on _______ side of the 
avenue. 

A. all              B. each 

C. every            D. neither
(   A     )3. You should check your body _______ two 
years. 

A. every            B. each 

C. both             D. all
★ 18. sometimes,some times,sometime,some 

time

【辨析】

    sometimes作副词,意为“有时候”,同义词组为at 

times。some times意为“几次”,此时time作可数名词,

意为“次数”。sometime作副词,意为“某个时候”,可指过

去或将来的某个时候。some time意为“某段时间”,常与

for连用。 巧记:分开是“一段”,相连为“某时”;分开s是“

倍、次”,相连s是“有时”。
【演练】

(    A    )1. Kate will be back _______ in February.

A. sometime         B. some time 

C. sometimes        D. some times

(    B     )2. This room is _______ bigger than that one. 

A. sometimes        B. some times 

C. some time        D. sometime
(   C     )3. I hear from him _______. 
A. sometime         B. some time 

C. sometimes        D. some times

(    D    )4. She said that she would stay there for 

_______. 

A. some times       B. sometimes 

C. sometime         D. some time
★ 19. ill, sick
【辨析】
    两者都可表示“有病的”:作定语时通常用sick;作表语
时可用ill (英)或sick (美)。  
(1)ill表示“有病的”时,一般不用作定语;但当它表示“坏的
(=bad)”“有害的(=harmful)”等意思时,却只能作定语,不
能作表语。  
(2)sick表示“有病的”,可用作表语或定语;但若表示“厌烦
的”,则只用作表语,其后通常接介词of。表示“病人”,通
常用 the sick(相当于名词 ,具有复数意义),而不用the ill
。
注意:(1)在英式英语中,用作表语的sick可用来表示“呕吐

的”或“恶心的”。  

(2)在下列短语中,两者一般不宜换用:    

sick pay病假津贴

sick leave病假  

speak ill of说某人的坏话

think ill of认为……不好
【演练】

(    B    )1. The terrible smell makes me feel _______.
A.ill               B. sick   

C. good             D. well

(    C    )2. He is unlucky, and he is always suffering 
_______ luck one after another.

A. a sick           B. an ill    

C. ill              D. sick
★ 20. hard, hardly

【辨析】

 (1)hard作形容词时,意为“困难的;艰苦的;硬的”;作副

词时,意为“努力地;猛烈地”。  

(2)hardly只能用作副词,意为“几乎不”,表示否定概念,

置于实义动词之前,助动词之后。
【演练】

(    C    )1. The rain was raining _______ when the 
rainstorm came. People can _______ go out.

A. hardly; hardly   B. hard; hard 

C. hard; hardly     D. hardly;  hard

(    A    )2. —How often do you go shopping?    
—_______ ever. I don’t like shopping.

A. Hardly           B. Never      

C. Seldom           D. Always
            连词    、代词类        辨析

★ 1. because,because of

【辨析】

   (1)because是连词,后接句子,是主句的直接原因,常

用来回答由why引导的特殊疑问句。此外,because与so

不能连用。  

(2)because of是复合介词,后接名词或代词,相当于名

词词组。
【演练】

(   B     )1. _______ he is ill, he is not here today.

A. So               B. Because 

C. Because of       D. Until

(    C    )2. The game was put off _______ the rain.
A. because          B. so 

C. because of       D. if
★ 2. another,the other,other,others,the others

【辨析】
   (1)another指不定数目中的“(三个或以上中的)另一个;

又一个”,用来代替或修饰可数名词。注意:another+数

词+时间=数词+more+时间。  

(2)the other指两个中的“另一个”,常与one连用,构成

“one … the other …”短语,意为“一个……另一个……”

;the other还可表示“其余全部的”,作定语修饰可数名词

复数形式。  
(3)other泛指“另外的”,后接可数名词复数形式或不可数名

词,作定语,不能单独使用。如果前面有the,some,my

等限定词,也可以与可数名词单数形式连用。  
(4)others 泛指“另外的人或物”,但不指其余的人或物的全

部,常用于“some … others …”固定搭配中,相当于

“other+可数名词复数形式”。  

(5)the others特指某一范围内的“其余全部的人或物”,相

当于“the other+可数名词复数形式”。
【演练】

(   A     )1. —Have you finished your report yet?   

—No, I’ll finish it in _______ ten minutes.

A. another          B. other 

C. more             D. less

(    A    )2. I don’t think the coat is good enough. Can 
you show me _______?

A. another          B. other 

C. others           D. the other
(   C     )3. There are thirty books on the bookshelf. 
Five are mine,_______ are my father’s.

A. others           B. the other 

C. the others       D. another

(   B     )4. He has two sons. One is in Shanghai,

_______ is in Beijing.

A. another          B. the other 

C. others           D. the others
★ 3. one,that,it
【辨析】
    三者都可用作代词,指代前面提到的名词。  
(1)one,that是同类中不同的一个,指代单数意义的名词
。但one为泛指,相当于“a / an+名词”;that为特指,相
当于“the+名词”。   
(2)it用于指代上文中出现的同一个单数意义的名词,也可
表示“时间;距离;天气”等,还可以用来引导强调句。此
外,it还可以充当句子的形式主语、形式宾语等。   
附:one有复数形式ones,用以指代可数名词复数形式。 
【演练】
(    D    )1. We find _______ impossible for us to learn 
a foreign language well in a short time.
A. that             B. this 
C. one              D. it

(    B    )2. —A latest Shenzhen Daily,please!
—Only one copy left. Would you like to have 
_______, sir?
A. one              B. it 
C. this             D. that
(   A     )3. —Do you need a new dictionary,Susan? 

—No,Mom. My uncle bought me _______ 

yesterday. 

A. one              B. it 

C. the one          D. another 

(   A     )4. The weather in London is different from 
_______ in Tianshui. 

A. that             B. one 

C. it               D. those
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