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广东省2018年中考英语(外研版)总复习课件:第一部分-第2节 短语的归纳总结(共109张PPT)

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第一部分 中考高频词汇          突破
   第二节    短语的归纳总结
           和辨析

      动词  相同的短语辨析
★ 1. 与come有关的短语
 【辨析】
 come across偶然遇到;碰见;邂逅   
 come back回来;返回;回想起  
 come down 落下;(价格)下降;降低
 come from来自;出生于  
 come on (用于催促、鼓励等)快;加油;加把劲
 come out出版;发表;结果是  
 come up (太阳、月亮)升起;发生;被讨论;被提及 
 come up with提出;想出;追上
 【演练】

(    A    )1. I _______ this book in a second￿hand 
shop. 

A. came across      B. came out     

C. came up          D. came up with    

(   A    )2. He wanted to_______ to Washington. 

A. come back        B. come out     

C. come up          D. come across
(   A    )3. Engineers have _______  new ways of 
saving energy. 

A. come up with     B. come up   

C. come from        D. come out

(   B     )4. The subject of religion _______  at the 
meeting. 

A. came up with     B. came up      

C. came from        D. came on  
(   A     )5.   _______,or we’ll be late!

A. Come on          B. Come up     

C. Come back        D. Come out

(   A     )6. The price of land _______ in the past few 

years. 

A. has come down    B. has come out   

C. come from        D. come on
(   A     )7. Tom and Mike _______  the United States. 

A. come from        B. come out      

C. come up          D. come back

(   B     )8. The report about this accident _______ in 

the end. 

A. came back        B. came out      

C. came up          D. came on
★ 2. 与get有关的短语

【辨析】

get through通过;完成;经历;打通(电话) 

get in进入;到达;陷入;收获  

get over克服;恢复;熬过;原谅  

get on上车;上马;进展;使前进  

get off下车;下来;脱下;离开   

get along / on (with)与……和睦相处;取得进展  
get down to 开始认真做;着手处理 

get back 回来;恢复       

get together 聚会;聚集;收集;积累  

get up 起床;起立;建造;搭起 

get out of 从……出来  

get ready for 为……做准备
【演练】

(    B     )1. Let’s _______  after dinner and have a talk 
about it. 

A.get through            B. get together     

C. get over              D. get in 

(    A    )2. Look!It’s going to rain. The farmers are 
busy _______  their crops in the fields. 

A. getting in            B. getting on    

C. getting off           D. getting over 
(   B     )3. Children,come on!Let’s _______  the 
bus one by one. 
A. get in           B. get on    
C. get back         D. get through

(    D    )4. We will have to _______  the problem of 
finding somewhere to live first. 
A. get through      B. get on     
C. get off          D. get over
(    A    )5. The generous boy is easy _______  with 
others and people like him. 
A. to get along     B. to get down   
C. to get over      D. to get in

(    A    )6. He is on a visit to the United States and he 
will _______ tomorrow. 
A. get back         B. get on      
C. get in           D. get off
★ 3. 与give有关的短语
【辨析】
give off散发出 (气体、热量或气味) 
give back归还;送回 
give out分发;宣布    
give way让路;撤退 
give away泄露;捐赠;分送 
give in交上;投降;屈服  
give up停止;放弃    
give rise to引起;使发生 

give sb. a call给某人打电话  

give sb. a hand助某人一臂之力

give sb. a chance给某人一次机会  
【演练】

(   A     )1.  When she got older,she _______ all her 
toys. 

A. gave away             B. gave in    

C. gave off              D. gave out      

(    B     )2. You’d better _______ smoking,because 
it’s bad for your health. 

 A. give away       B. give up    

C. give off         D. give out  
(    B      )3. Even if you meet with some difficulties in 
your study,you will never  _______. 

 A. give away       B. give in    

C. give off         D. give out 

(    C     )4. These factories often _______  some 
poisonous gas that does harm to the neighbors 

around. 

A. give away        B. give up    

C. give off         D. give out  
(    D      )5. Please _______  these books to the children 
at once. 

A. give away        B. give in    

C. give off         D. give out 
★ 4. 与go有关的短语
【辨析】
go by经过;顺便走访;时间流逝 
go into进入;研究;调查  
go on继续进行;持续下去
go out (灯、火)熄灭;出去 
go up增长;上升;涨价
go away走开;离去  
go for a walk散步
go on doing / with sth. 继续做某事 
【演练】

(    A      )1. The police are working hard to _______  
this case of murder. 

A. go by            B. go into      

C. go on            D. go up       

(   B     )2. With the price of all kinds of food _______
,people feel their money tight. 

A. going by         B. going up     

C. going on         D. going out
(    A      )3. When all the lights _______,people 
couldn’t see anything in darkness. 

A. went out         B. went up      

C. went on          D. went by

(    A     )4. After finishing housework,he _______  
with his study. 

A. went on          B. went by     

C. went into        D. went up
(    A      )5. As time _______,her confidence grew. 
A. went by          B. went on     

C. went out         D. went up
★ 5. 与have有关的短语

【辨析】

have a cold感冒       have a cough咳嗽

have a fever发烧      have a good time玩得开心

have a meal吃饭       have a drink 喝水  

have a look at看一看   have a match举行比赛

have a sports meeting举行运动会

have a walk散步       have lessons上课  
have words with与……争吵

have nothing to do with与……无关 

have trouble with 在……方面

有麻烦have a word with sb. 与某人交谈 

have sb.do sth. 让某人做某事
【演练】

(    C     )1. What you said _______  our topic. 

A. has a word with       B. has trouble with   

C. has nothing to do with  D. has words with      

(    B     )2. I’d like to _______  you because I have 
something to say to you. 

A. have trouble with     B. have a word with   

C. have a meal           D. have words with 
(    A     )3. If you _______  with your study,you can 
turn to your teachers for help. 

A. have trouble with B. have a look at   

C. have a good time D. have words with

(    B     )4. The students are _______  on the 
playground now. 

A. having lessons   B. having a sports meeting   

C. having a fever   D. having a cough
★ 6. 与look有关的短语

【辨析】

look after照顾;关心   

look back回头看;回顾           

 look around环顾  

look into调查           

look on旁观;看待;视为        

 look at看    
look through浏览   

look up查阅;尊敬;拜访     

 look out当心     

look forward to盼望   

look over检查 

look down on / upon轻视;看不起 

  
【演练】

(    A    )1.  _______!There is a car coming towards 

us!

A. Look out         B. Look back        

C. Look on          D. Look for      

(   A    )2. The boy doesn’t know this new word, so 
his mum asks him to  _______ in the dictionary. 

A. look it up       B. look it down      

C. look for         D. look up it    
(    D     )3.  _______   this proposal for me, and tell me 
what you think of it. 

A. Look after       B. Look at         

C. Look on          D. Look through     

(    A     )4. I  _______   receiving your reply as soon 
as possible. 

A. look forward to  B. look down on    

C. look out         D. look on  
 (    B     )5. We’d better not  _______   those who are 
weak in their studies and do our best to help them. 

A. look forward to       B. look down on    

C. look out              D. look on 
★ 7. 与make有关的短语

【辨析】

make up for弥补;补偿         make sure务必

make money赚钱             make faces做鬼脸make 

fun of取笑                 make use of利用

make a noise吵闹           make a mistake犯错误 

make a living谋生          make a promise许下诺言 

make a decision做出决定      make an excuse找借口  
make up one’s mind下定决心  

make the / one’s bed铺床

make a difference to对……产生影响  

make friends with与……交朋友 

make progress in在……方面取得进步  

be made up of由……组成 

be made in在……制造  

be made of由……制成(看得出原材料)  

be made from由……制成(看不出原材料)     
【演练】

(    A     )1. Look!These cars are  _______   Germany 
and they are very famous. 
A. made in          B. made from      
C. made of          D. made up of           

(    C     )2. Our desks and chairs are  _______   hard 
wood and iron.       
A. made in          B. made from     
C. made of          D. made up of  
(    B     )3. Our shirts and coats are  _______   nylon 
and cotton. 
A. made in          B. made from     
C. made of          D. made up of      

(   D     )4. The United Kingdom is  _______   Ireland, 
Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. 
A. made in          B. made from     
C. made of          D. made up of          
(    B     )5. They will put it into practice once they  
_______. 
A. make a mistake        B. make a decision   
C. make a living         D. make money

(    C     )6. They are making money day and night to  
_______. 
A. make an excuse        B. make a promise    
C. make a living         D. make faces  
★ 8. 与put有关的短语

【辨析】

put away放好;收好     

put down写下;记下  

put off推迟;拖延;延期    

put up举起;搭建;张贴 

put out(灯、火)熄灭      

put on穿上;戴上;上演;增加(体重)  
【演练】

(    B     )1.  _______   your coat right away, or you will 
catch a cold. 

A. Put away         B. Put on       

C. Put down         D. Put out      

(    A    )2.  _______   these tools if you have finished 
with them. 

A. Put away         B. Put on      

C. Put down         D. Put out
(    A    )3. When you have a class, you should  

_______   what the teacher is saying. 

A. put down         B. put away    

C. put out          D. put on

(   B      )4. She  _______   writing her article until the 

last minute. 

A. put away         B. put off       

C. put down         D. put out
(    D    )5. They  _______   the lights and locked the 

door. 

A. put away         B. put off    

C. put down         D. put out
★ 9. 与take有关的短语

【辨析】

take after与……相像        take away拿走;带走;取走      

take back收回;撤销        take off脱下;起飞

take out取出            take care of照顾  

take it easy别着急       take the pace of取代     

take sb. in the arms把……搂在怀里 

take one’s time从容不迫;不着急  

take up占据(时间、空间);拿起;开始从事
【演练】

(    D     )1. I can’t tell Tom from his father because he  
_______   his father. 

A. takes on         B. takes over      

C. takes up          D. takes after

(    A     )2. It’s hot in the office and you’d better  
_______   your coat. 

A. take off         B. take in        

C. take on          D. take over
(    A     )3. She plays the piano well. She  _______   
playing it when she was five. 

A. took up          B. took over     

C. took in          D. took on

(   A      )4. I’m sorry but I  _______   what I said a 
moment ago. 

A. take back        B. take in       

C. take over        D. take up
(    C     )5.  _______, and there is plenty of time. 

A. Take back             B. Take in      

C. Take your time        D. Take up
★ 10. 与turn有关的短语

【辨析】

turn up调大(音量);出现   

turn down调小(音量);拒绝   

turn on接通(电流、煤气、水等);打开     

turn off关掉;关闭;拐弯  

turn over移交;翻阅;反复考虑              

turn to转向;求助于;翻到 
【演练】

(    C    )1. They waited for Tom for a long time 
yesterday but he  _______   at the last minute. 

A. turned down      B. turned out        

C. turned up        D. turned over

(   B     )2. He asked her to marry him, but she _______
 him  _______. 

A. turned;up        B. turned;down     

C. turned;over      D. turned;out
(   A     )3. If you have a question, you’d better  

_______   your parents for help. 

A. turn to          B. turn over         

C. turn on          D. turn up

(   A     )4. Before you leave the classroom, you 

should  _______   the lights. 

A. turn off         B. turn over         

C. turn on          D. turn up
(   C     )5. It’s dark inside and it’s best to  _______   

the lights in the office. 

A. turn up          B. turn down        

C. turn on          D. turn off
     介词、副词相同的短语辨析

★ 1. 与at有关的短语
【辨析】
at first首先;最初     
at last最后 
at least至少;不少于;起码 
at once立刻;马上   
at the beginning of 在……开始    
at the same time同时   
at birth出生时  at times有时;偶尔  

at the age of在……岁时

at work在上班  at 

the end of在……的尽头  

at the foot of在……脚下 

at that time / moment在那时     

at most至多;不超过

be good at擅长于 
【演练】

(    A     )1. _______ I didn’t know him and we became 
good friends _______. 

 A. At first;at last     B. At last;at first  

C. At once;at that moment D. At once;at least 

(    B     )2. She has saved _______  five thousand 
dollars in a year. 

A. at once               B. at least 

C. at times              D. at work
(    B    )3. You will find the hospital you want to look 
for _______  the road. 

A. at the same time      B. at the end of     

C. at most               D. at least

(    D     )4. There is a temple _______   the mountain. 
A. at the same time      B. at the end of     

C. at the age of         D. at the foot of 
(    C     )5. I was afraid of her but _______  I really 

liked her. 

 A. at the beginning of  B. at once      

C. at the same time      D. at most

(    D    )6. Her mother is at table while she is _______. 
A. at most               B. at times     

C. at once               D. at work
(    A     )7. Tom and Kate _______  math and biology 
while they are weak in Chinese and English. 

 A. are good at     B. at least 

C. at times         D. at once

(    D     )8. They were reading a very interesting novel 
_______. 

A. at the same time  B. at the end of     

C. at the age of    D. at that moment
(    A     )9. Kate set off for her hometown _______  
when she heard that her mother had passed away. 

A. at once          B. at least 

C. at times         D. at work
★ 2. 与on有关的短语

【辨析】

work on从事;忙于

on sale出售  

on a trip / journey / tour在旅行  

on fire着火  

on the way to在去……的途中  

on time按时;准时   
on holiday / vacation在度假   

depend on(upon)依靠  

hold on等一等(别挂电话) 

try on试穿 

live on以……为生     

on show / display / exhibition在展出  
【演练】

(    D     )1. The house was _______  last night and the 
firemen spent a long time putting it out.

A. on show          B. on sale     

C. on a trip        D. on fire

(    B     )2. This famous artist’s pictures are _______  
in the gallery. 

A. on fire          B. on sale      

C. on time          D. on holiday
(   B     )3. These children are _______  school in a line 
every morning. 

A. on time          B. on the way to    

C. on vacation      D. on sale

(   D     )4. These famous scientists are invited 
_______  in Beidaihe in summer. 

A. on fire          B. on sale      

C. on time          D. on vacation
(    A     )5. These famous pictures are _______  in the 
city center. 

A. on show          B. on holiday     

C. on a trip        D. on time
★ 3. 与out有关的短语

【辨析】

carry out执行         die out灭绝   

go out出去            find out查明;找出 

point out指出         put out熄灭  

sell out售完;脱销       send out发出   

take out取出          work out算出;解决
out of date过期的;过时的 

out of danger脱离危险 

out of control失控

out of work失业 

out of breath喘不过气来;上气不接下气
【演练】

(   B      )1. You can _______ whether they are 
prepared to share the cost of the flowers with you. 

 A. carry out       B. find out        

C. take out         D. set out

(   A     )2. It is hoped that the readers will kindly 
_______ our errors. 

A. point out        B. pick out     

C. put out          D. send out
(   C     )3. If we don’t pay more attention to the 
environment pollution, the animals will _______ 
some day.
A. set out          B. send out     
C. die out          D. go out

(   D     )4. —The meeting is so boring. 
—Hmm. Let’s _______ for some fresh air during 
the break.
A. set out          B. send out     
C. die out          D. go out
(   B     )5. —Can you help me to _______the math 
problem, Tom? 
—My pleasure. Let me have a look.
A. take out         B. work out  
C. look out         D. check out

(   A     )6. It took them several hours to _______ the 
fire. Luckily, nobody died in this accident.
A. put out          B. pick out    
C. point out        D. send out
(   A      )7. The coats in the shop are popular. They 
will be _______in a few days.
A. sold out         B. set out      
C. sent out         D. taken out

(   A     )8. The serious patient was _______ when 
the doctors did their best to save him. 
A. out of danger    B. out of date     
C. out of control   D. out of a job
(    C     )9. The situation in this city is _______ and 
the police are trying to keep it in order. 

A. out of danger    B. out of date     

C. out of control   D. out of work

(   D      )10. When they climbed the top of the 
mountain,they were   _______. 

 A. out of date     B. out of danger    

C. out of a job     D. out of breath
★ 4. 与by有关的短语

【辨析】

by hand 手工;用手       by accident / chance 偶然地

by mistake 错误地      by radio 用无线电;通过广播 

by oneself 独自地;单独地 

by the way 顺便问一下 

by the end of 到……结束时;到……为止

by plane / train / bus / ship 乘飞机 / 火车 / 公共汽车 / 

轮船
【演练】

(    D     )1. They had finished three units _______  this 
month. 

A. by plane         B. by hand   

C. by accident      D. by the end of

(    D     )2. I’m sorry that I took your umbrella _______  
and I would return it to you the next day. 

A. by radio         B. by hand     

C. by the day       D. by mistake
(    B    )3. All these cars are made _______  and they 
are very expensive. 

A. by plane         B. by hand   

C. by accident      D. by the day

(    C     )4. The kid’s parents went to work and he 

stayed at home _______  playing computer games. 

A. by mistake       B. by hand     

C. by himself       D. by the way
(    A     )5. _______,would you like to go to Paris 
_______? 

A. By the way;by plane 

B. By the way;by radio  

C. By hand;by accident 

D. By accident;by mistake
★ 5. 与in有关的短语
【辨析】
in English用英语            in detail详细地  
in bed在床上;卧床             in danger处于危险中   
in surprise惊奇地           in a hurry匆忙地  
in silence沉默地            in trouble处于困境中  
in front of在……前面         in the front of在……前部  
in ink用墨水                in need of需要      
in fact事实上   
in the middle of在……的中间        in all总共;合计  
【演练】

(    B    )1. He looked up at me suddenly _______  and 

we were _______  for a long time. 

A. in silence;in surprise   B. in surprise;in silence    

C. in bed;in danger       D. in trouble;in ink       

(    B     )2. When my child is _______,she often 

turns to me for help. 

A. in detail            B. in trouble     

C. in surprise          D. in danger
(    D    )3. The country school are _______  teachers 
now. 

A. in bed           B. in all     

C. in silence       D. in need of

(   C      )4. There is a banana tree _______  the 
teaching building. 

A. in fact          B. in trouble     

C. in front of      D. in the front of 
(    A     )5. You should tell me what happened to him 
_______. 

 A. in detail       B. in danger     

C. in a hurry       D. in ink 

(   C      )6. Don’t read _______,and it is bad for your 
eyes. 

A. in need of       B. in fact    

C. in bed           D. in English 
(    B     )7. The boy ate some poisonous mushroom 
and he was _______,so somebody sent him to a 

hospital. 

A. in silence       B. in danger     

C. in a hurry       D. in surprise
★ 6. 与for有关的短语

【辨析】

ask for请求;向……要    

care for喜欢;照顾  

look for寻找   

get / be ready for为……做准备

pay for付款;为……付出代价   

send for 派人去请 

wait for等待    


be famous for因……而著名 

be fit for适合;胜任   

be good for有益于;对……有好处    

be late for因……而迟到  

be sorry for为……感到抱歉
【演练】
(   C     )1. —May I _______ your views on a few 
questions?
—Yes, go ahead.
A. pay for          B. go in for    
C. ask for          D. wait for

(   C      )2. Who will _______ your house while you 
are away?
A. ask for          B. pay for    
C. care for         D. be late for
(    D     )3. The manager will be free soon and you can 
_______ her here. 

A. pay for          B. look for   

C. ask for          D. wait for

(    A     )4. Walking for one or two hours every day 
_______ your health. 

  A. is good for    B. is fit for   

C. is famous for    D. is late for
(     B     )5. —Mr. White broke into a house last night. 
But he was caught by the police this morning.
  —He deserved it. He had to _______ what he 
has done.
A. ask for          B. pay for    
C. look for         D. send for

(    B      )6.  Hangzhou _______ its beautiful West 
Lake and attracts many tourists. 
A. is fit for       B. is famous for    
C. is good for      D. is late for     
(   B      )7. The boss decided to hire him because he 
_______ his job very much. 

A. was good for     B. was fit for    

C. was late for     D. was thankful for  

(   D      )8. He _______  his failure in his driving test a 
second time. 

A. is fit for       B. is famous for    

C. is good for      D. is sorry for
★ 7. 与to有关的短语

【辨析】

according to根据           in order to为了   

get close to接近;靠近        next to相邻  

lead to导致;导向

lend  …  to …  把……借给……      

pay attention to注意       point to指向 

look forward to 盼望       used to过去常常 
be / get used to习惯于      

be close to接近 

be equal to等于    

be friendly / kind to对……友好  

be harmful to对……有害的   

be similar to与……相似   

be married to与……结婚  

be thankful to对……感激
【演练】

(   B     )1. I _______  play football when I was young, 
but not very often.

A. led to           B. used to    

C. talked to        D. wrote to

(    C    )2. When you visit a museum, you should 
_______ the instructions and don’t be against them.

A. get close to      B. look forward to   

C. pay attention to  D. be used to
(    A     )3. _______  catch the first bus, I got up early 
this morning.

A. In order to      B. According to    

C. Look forward to    D. Pay attention to

(     C     )4. Don’t _______ the big animals. It’s 

dangerous.

A. come to          B. next to     

C. get close to     D. be used to
(    B     )5. These students like their math teacher 
because he _______  them. 

A. is good for      B. is friendly to     

C. was equal to     D. is harmful to

(    C     )6. Five and six _______  eleven,and it is 

simple. 

A. is close to      B. is friendly to     

C. is equal to      D. is harmful to
(    D     )7. Our teacher’s teaching style _______  that 
of most other teachers. 

A. is harmful to    B. is equal to    

C. is friendly to   D. is similar to

(    D     )8. As a child,he is supposed to _______  

their parents for their help. 

A. be married to     B. be used to      

C. be equal to      D. be thankful to
★ 8. 与with有关的短语

【辨析】

agree with sb.  同意某人的看法   

provide … with … 提供  

deal / do with处理

come up with想出;提出

catch up with赶上

talk with 与……谈话  

help sb. with sth. 帮某人做某事 
be angry with对……发怒       

be busy with忙于        

be covered with被……覆盖  

be filled with充满 

be patient with对……有耐心  

be pleased with对……感到满意     

be popular with受……欢迎     

be strict with对……严格 
【演练】

(    A    )1. —If you _______ a new idea to finish it with 
less money and time, please call me as soon as 

possible.

—Sure, if I have one.

A. come up with     B. get on with      

C. go on with       D. catch up with
(   B     )2. —Have you had any good ways to _______ 
this difficulty?    
—No, I haven’t come up with one yet.
A. talk with        B. deal with 
C. go on with       D. catch up with 

(   D     )3. —I am hungry. Could you please _______ 
me _______ some food?
—No problem. Here are some potato chips.
A. talk; with       B. agree; with    
C. help; with       D. provide; with
(   B     )4. This country _______ many forests and 
plants. 

A. is busy with     B. is covered with   

C. is pleased with   D. is angry with      

(    C     )5. Children _______  curiousness about the 
world around them.   

A. are busy with    B. are covered with   

C. are filled with   D. are angry with 
(   C      )6. We are supposed to _______   children’s 
low progress in their studies. 

A. be angry with    B. be busy with    

C. be patient with  D. be popular with

(    A     )7. These Korean stars _______  China’s 
young people. 

A. are popular with B. are busy with    

C. are filled with  D. are covered with
(   B      )8.  They _______  their grades in all 

subjects in their junior high school. 

A. are popular with    B. are pleased with   

C. are patient with D. are filled with
★ 9. 与off有关的短语 

【辨析】

take off脱下(衣、帽等);起飞   

keep off勿踏;勿踩            put off推迟;拖延    

set off动身;起程             turn off关掉(水、电等)     

ring off挂断电话             cut off切

掉;切断;阻隔                  call off取消;叫走

pay off还清(债款);取得成功 
【演练】

(   C     )1. He _______  for New York early this 
morning to meet his parents.

A. rang off         B. put off     

C. turned off       D. set off

(    B    )2. Hurry up, or we will be late for the plane. It 
is going to _______ twenty minutes later.

A. put off          B. take off    

C. turn off         D. ring off
(   C     )3. You should _______ the gas when you are 

out.

A. put off          B. take off    

C. turn off         D. keep off 

(   C     )4. It would take him the rest of his life 

to_______ that loan.

A. get off          B. keep off    

C. pay off          D. put off
★ 10. 与up有关的短语

【辨析】

call up 号召          cheer up 振奋起来      

grow up成长           hurry up赶快 

look up 查阅          make up 组成;化妆;编造

 pick up捡起;顺便接送  ring up 打电话 

set up 建立           put up举起;张贴   

stay up 熬夜          wake up 醒来
turn up 开大声         clean up清理干净  

think up=come up with想出  

fix up 修理           eat up吃光   

bring up抚养          end up结束

tidy up整理
【演练】

(    C    )1. —Why are you so tired, Nick?     
—I _______ late last night to get ready for the test 

today.

A. woke up          B. called up    

C. stayed up        D. put up

(   B     )2. I think it’s very unkind of you to _______ 
stories about him. 

 A. look up         B. make up    

C. pick up          D. set up
(   D     )3. —Why does the little girl look so sad? 
—I don’t know. But let’s do something to _______, 
OK?
A. wake her up      B. look her up    
C. ring her up      D. cheer her up

(   C     )4. —What are you going to be when you 
_____?
—I am going to be a doctor because I like helping 
others.
A. set up           B. hang up      
C. grow up          D. pick up
(   D     )5. He has _______ many notices to look for 
his lost horse. 
 A. get up          B. call up      
C. bring up         D. put up

(   D     )6. —Would you please come here and 
_______ at 7 a. m. tomorrow? I’m going to the bus 
station.
—Sure. I will be right here on time.
A. set me up        B. look me up   
C. cheer me up      D. pick me up
(   C      )7. You should  _______ the right 

pronunciation of this word in the dictionary. 

A. ring up          B. catch up with    

C. look up          D. cheer up
★ 11. 与down有关的短语

【辨析】

cut down砍倒               come down下来

fall down落下;跌倒           get down下来   

break down损坏;分解          turn down关小声     

write down写下             up and down上上下下 
 【演练】

(    D    )1. He _______ from the stairs and was black 
and blue all over.

A. turned down           B. cut down    

C. break down            D. fell down

(    A     )2. Let’s protect our environment and try not 
to _______ the trees!

A. cut down              B. fall down     

C. get down              D. put down
(    A     )3. —Would you please _______the radio a 
little? We are getting ready for the coming test.

  —Sorry, I’ll do it right now.

A. turn down        B. put down 

C. get down         D. fall down

(    C     )4. You must _______everything that you can 
see on the blackboard.

A. turn down        B. set down   

C. write down       D. cut down
★ 12. 与away有关的短语

【辨析】

far away(from)遥远;离……远   

go away走开;离开           get away逃离   

take away拿走;带走;剥夺   

run away逃跑;流失          throw away扔掉;丢弃

put away把……收拾好         keep / stay away from远离  

pass away停止;去世   
【演练】

(   A     )1. Mother always asks me to_______ my 

clothes and my books in my room.

A. put away         B. go away     

C. run away         D. stay away from

(   B     )2. Don’t  _______ and stay here till I come 
back.

A. give away        B. go away    

C. throw away       D. pass away
(    B      )3. Michael sat down as _______ from her as 

possible. 

 A. ran away        B. far away    

C. threw away       D. put away

(   C      )4. When the thief saw the police, he _______
quickly.

A. threw away       B. put away   

C. ran away         D. took away
(    D     )5. You can’t  _______ anything here without 
my permission.

A. go away          B. get away   

C. run away         D. take away 
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