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仁爱版英语八年级下册同步测试Unit 6 Topic 3及参考答案及解析

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                Unit 6             Enjoying Cycling
           Topic 3      Bicycle riding is good exercise.
                       (考试时间:90     分钟,满分:100      分)
              第一部分                第二部分              第三部分             总分
  题号
         Ⅰ     Ⅱ    Ⅲ    Ⅳ   Ⅰ     Ⅱ    Ⅲ    Ⅳ   Ⅰ     Ⅱ     Ⅲ
  得分
                       第一部分 听力(20                分)
Ⅰ. 听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。(5                   分)


           A                        B                 C


         D                          E
    1. ____       2. ____       3. ____       4. ____      5. ____
Ⅱ. 听对话及问题,选择正确答案。每段对话及问题读两遍。(5                         分)
(   )6. A. By bike.     B. On foot.       C. By bus. 
(   )7. A. America.     B. Canada.        C. England. 
(   )8. A. Saturday.    B. Friday.        C. Sunday.
(   )9. A. At 6:30.     B. At 7:00.       C. At 6:45. 
(   )10. A. Because bicycles are more popular. 
       B. Because bicycles are cheaper. 
       C. Because bicycles are the safest of all the vehicles. 
Ⅲ. 听短文,选择正确答案。短文读两遍。(5                  分)
(   )11. Tom always goes to work      .
       A. by bus        B. by bike        C. by subway
(   )12. Every day Tom always       on the bus to pass the time.
       A. listens to music B. reads a storybook C. reads a newspaper
(   )13. There was a piece of news about a       match.
       A. football      B. basketball     C. baseball 
(   )14. Tom was so excited that he forgot      .
       A. to pay for the newspaper
       B. to take his bag
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       C. to get off the bus
(   )15. In the end, Tom      .
       A. went back on foot B. was late for work C. went back by taxi
Ⅳ. 信息转换。(5      分)
    你将听到一篇短文。请根据短文内容,写出下面表格中所缺的单词。每空仅填一个词。
短文读两遍。
     Sports    Running, boating,   16   and   17   
     Reason    Save   18  , keep   19   and park them   20   
 16.      17.      18.      19.      20.      
                第二部分  英语知识运用(55                        分)
Ⅰ. 单项选择。(10      分)
(   )1. —I ____ a traffic accident yesterday. Many passages were hurt.
       —That’s terrible!
       A. saw           B. watched        C. looked           D. see
(   )2. Mr. Wang used to ____ to work, but now he gets used to ____ to work.
       A. drive; ride   B. drive; riding  C. driving; ride    D. driving; riding
(   )3. When I first learned English, I was afraid of ____ English with others. 
       A. speak         B. speaks         C. speaking         D. spoke
(   )4. —We’ll go hiking if it ____ rain tomorrow.
       —That would be fine.
       A. isn’t         B. won’t          C. don’t            D. doesn’t
(   )5. Jack is a little ____ than Peter. 
       A. strong        B. stronger       C. strongest        D. the strongest
(   )6. We went ____ a busy road and arrived at a supermarket.
       A. through       B. across         C. over             D. by
(   )7. —Li Lei’s legs were ____ in the traffic accident yesterday.
       —I’m sorry to hear that.
       A. badly hurt    B. bad hurt       C. hurts            D. hurt bad
(   )8. The girl goes out angrily without ____ a word.
       A. say           B. saying         C. speak            D. speaking
(   )9. Many animals are not found ____ else. They are extinct (灭绝的). 
       A. anywhere      B. everywhere     C. in anywhere      D. in everywhere
(   )10. In Britain, you must drive on the ____ side of the road. 
       A. right-hand    B. right hand     C. left hand        D. left-hand
Ⅱ. 情景交际。(5      分)
根据对话情景选择恰当的选项,其中有两项是多余的。
  A. What were you doing yesterday?
  B. There was a traffic accident in the Center Street yesterday. 
  C. Did you see the CCTV News just now?
  D. What should we do now?
  E. Good idea!
  F. How can we get there?
  G. The traffic is too busy.
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Peter: Hi, Jim!  11   There was a piece of bad news.
Jim:  What happened?

Peter:   12   Many people were hurt. 
Jim:  That’s terrible!  13  
Peter: I think we should go to the traffic station to learn some traffic rules. 

Jim:  I agree with you.   14  
Peter: By bike. 
Jim:    15   Let’s go. 
11.      12.      13.      14.      15.      
Ⅲ.  完形填空。(10    分)
    Is it safe to talk on the phone while driving? It’s reported that many accidents are caused 
by 
  16   that are driving while making phone calls. Now some people want to   17   if driving 
while talking on the phone is dangerous.  18   a car accident happens, the police will ask 
whether the driver is   19   a mobile phone. They   20    the information in a report. The 
information is saved, and later they can   21   it.
    Why  do mobile phones cause accidents? Drivers sometimes   22   to watch the road 
carefully when they are using their mobile phones. Not looking at the road can be   23  , 
because drivers can’t focus on(集中注意力)  24   is going on around them. Now, the police has 
made rules   25   using mobile phones while driving.
(   )16. A. riders      B. drivers        C. walkers          D. passengers
(   )17. A. look for    B. care about     C. find out         D. think about
(   )18. A. Before      B. If             C. Until            D. Later
(   )19. A. using       B. talking        C. playing          D. buying
(   )20. A. copy        B. remember       C. search           D. write
(   )21. A. read        B. study          C. find             D. learn
(   )22. A. like        B. want           C. forget           D. wish
(   )23. A. dangerous   B. difficult      C. easy             D. carefully
(   )24. A. how         B. where          C. what             D. why
(   )25. A. to          B. in             C. of               D. against
Ⅳ. 阅读理解。(30      分)
                                     (A)
    When you are in Hong Kong, you must be very careful in the streets, because the traffic 
drives on the left. It is different from that in other areas of China. 
    If this is the first time you have come to Hong Kong, you must look to the right side and then 
the left before you cross the street. If the traffic lights are red, the traffic must stop. People on foot 
can cross the road carefully. But if the traffic lights are green, the traffic can go. People on foot 
mustn’t cross. 
    When people go to or come back from work in the morning or evening, the streets are very 
busy. Traffic is the most dangerous, especially for the children. 
    When you go by bus in Hong Kong, you have to be careful, too. You must always remember 
the traffic moves on the left. Have a look first, or you will go the wrong way. 
    In Hong Kong, there are many big buses with two floors. You can sit on the second floor. 
From there you can have a good view. It’s very interesting. 
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根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。
(   )26. The traffic drives ____ in Hong Kong.
       A. on the left   B. on the right   C. in the streets   D. every were
(   )27. People on foot can cross the road when ____.
       A. the traffic lights are green    B. the traffic lights are red
       C. the traffic goes                D. the traffic are busy
(   )28. In Hong Kong, the traffic is the most dangerous ____.
       A. in the morning                  B. in the evening
       C. in the afternoon                D. when people go to or come back from work
(   )29. If you want to have a good view in a bus, you can ____.
       A. stand in the bus                B. sit on the first floor
       C. sit on the second floor         D. stand on the top of the bus
(   )30. If you are waiting for a bus, you should stand ____.
       A. on the left side of street      B. on the right side of street
       C. on each side of street          D. on either side of street
                                     (B)
     Many people like to travel by plane, but I don’t like it because the airport is usually far from 
the city. You have to get there early and wait for hours for the plane to take off which is often late. 
You can’t open the windows. You can’t choose the food. Planes are fast, but it still takes hours to 
get out of the airport and into the city.
     I like travelling by train. I think trains are safe. Railway stations are usually good in cities. 
When you are late for a train, you can catch another one. You can walk around in the train and 
open the windows. You can see many interesting things on your way, though it takes a little more 
time. 
     I also like cars. You can start your journey whenever you want to, and you don’t need to get 
to a railway station or a bus stop. Also you can carry many things with you in a car. But 
sometimes there are too many cars on the road. 
根据短文内容,选择最佳答案。
(   )31. Why do many people like to travel by plane?
       A. Because it is fast. 
       B. Because it is safe. 
       C. Because you can walk around in the plane. 
       D. Because it is cheap. 
(   )32. Which is not the good thing about the train?
       A. It is safe.                     B. It takes a little more time. 
       C. You can open the window.        D. You can walk around in the train. 
(   )33. If you want to take a lot of things with you, what will you take?
       A. A bus.        B. A car.         C. A train.         D. A subway. 
(   )34. What is the bad thing about the car?
       A. You needn’t go to a railway station. 
       B. You can start your journey when you want to. 
       C. There are too many cars on the road. 
       D. You needn’t go to a bus stop. 
(   )35. According to the passage, which sentence is true?
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       A. He thinks taking a plane takes a lot of time to go to and get out of the airport. 
       B. He likes to take a train because it takes a little more time. 
       C. He likes to take a car because he has a car. 
       D. He likes to take a plane because he can choose the food. 
                                     (C)
     I saw an accident this morning when I was standing at the corner of Green Street. A woman 
with her son was driving a red sports car down Green Street very fast. While she was driving, she 
was talking on her mobile phone. At the same time, a man was driving a blue truck along Fifth 
Street very slowly. While he was driving, he was drinking a bottle of cola and eating a sandwich. 
While the man was driving through the crossing, the woman in the sports car didn’t stop at the 
traffic lights. As a result, the car hit the truck. Both the woman and the man were very angry. 
While they were shouting at each other, the police came. Luckily, they were not badly hurt. 
根据短文内容填空,每空一词。
    I was standing at the corner   36   I saw an accident this morning. The red sports car 
which the woman was driving was   37   than the truck. When the accident   38  , the 
woman was using her  39   and the man was having a bottle of cola and a sandwich. So at the 
traffic lights the car hit the truck.  40   they were not badly hurt, both of them were very 
unhappy. 
36. ____     37. ____     38. ____     39. ____     40. ____
                      第三部分  写作(25                分)
Ⅰ. 词汇部分。(10      分)
(A)根据汉语或首字母提示填空。
41. There are twenty _________(乘客) in the bus.
42. A _________ all ball games, I like basketball best.
43. —Do you hear of Li Yang?
   —Yes. He is famous for c_________ English.
44. I can’t find my watch. Did you see it _________(任何地方)?
45. The Tour of Qinghai lake is the largest bicycle road race in _________(亚洲).
(B)用所给词的适当形式填空。
46. Cycling is popular because it doesn’t cause air _________(pollute).
47. David was so _________(care) that he made many mistakes.
48. Wang Junfeng was the _________(win) of 800-meter race.
49. When the flood broke out, the policeman took the baby to the _________(safe).
50. —Computer games are more and more interesting.
   —I _________(agree) with you. I think we shouldn’t play too much.
Ⅱ.  句型转换。(5    分)
51. It’s impolite to spit everywhere. (改为同义句)
   _________ _________ everywhere is impolite. 
52. We should wear bicycle helmets when we are riding.(改为同义句)
   We should wear bicycle helmets when _________.
53. Shanghai is larger than any other city in China.(改为同义句)
   Shanghai is _________ _________ _________ in China. 
54. Why don’t you go to school earlier?(改为同义句)
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   _________ _________ go to school earlier?
55. Get up early, or you will be late.(改为同义句)
   _________ _________ _________ get up early, you _________ be late. 
Ⅲ. 书面表达。(10      分)
    随着人口的增长和家庭轿车的普及,交通安全问题已成为千家万户关注的焦点。作为
初中生的你是怎样去上学的呢?围绕下面的几点要求展开思考,写一篇                              60—80 词的短文。
    1. 乘什么交通工具去上学?是公交车,小汽车还是自行车?
    2. 乘车时应注意哪些交通规则?
    要求:结构完整,条理清晰,语言通顺。
    ___________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________
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                        听       力       材       料
                             Unit 6    Topic 3
Ⅰ.  听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。
   1. A man is riding his new motorcycle very fast without a helmet. 
   2. Cycling is one of the most popular sports. 
   3. In China, drivers must stop if the traffic lights are red. 
   4. There was a traffic accident on Tongda Road. 
   5. If you don’t obey the traffic rules, you will get a fine. 
Ⅱ.  听对话及问题,选择正确答案。每段对话及问题读两遍。
   6. M: Hi, Miss Wang. You came to work on foot yesterday, didn’t you?
     W: Yes, I did. 
     M: Me, too. You usually come to work by bike. 
     W: That’s right. But my bike was broken. 
     Q: How does Miss Wang usually come to work?
   7. W: Excuse me, are you from the U. S. A. ?
     M: No, I’m not. I’m from Canada. What about you?
     W: I’m English. 
     Q: Where is the woman from?
   8. W: Tomorrow is Saturday. We won’t go to school. Let’s go to the zoo.
     M: That would be fine!
     Q: What day is it today?
   9. W: Shall we leave for the train station?
     M: Sure. It’s 6:45 now. The train will leave in 15 minutes.
     Q: What time will the train leave?
   10. M: I think bicycles are popular with more and more people. 
      W: I agree with you. Bicycles are much safer than any other vehicle. 
      Q: Why do more and more people like bicycles?
Ⅲ.  听短文,选择正确答案。短文读两遍。
    Tom always goes to work by bus instead of by bike, because it’s far away from his house to 
the factory. Every day on the bus he always takes a newspaper to read in order to pass the time. 
    One morning he bought a newspaper and got on the bus as usual. He took a seat beside a 
window. He turned his newspaper to the sports page. There was a piece of news about a football 
match. It said the American team won. Tom was so excited that he forgot to get off the bus. He 
didn’t know it until he saw the sea outside the window. He got off at the next stop and had to wait 
for a long time for a bus to go back. Of course, he was late that morning. 
Ⅳ.  信息转换。
你将听到一篇短文。请根据短文内容,写出下面表格中所缺的单词。每空仅填一个词。短
文读两遍。
    Many people around the world like sports. For example, running, boating, swimming and so 
on. Cycling is my favorite type of race. Most people like it. They think cycling can save energy 
and keep them healthy. It’s easy to find the place to park bikes. Now let’s join them and do sports 
with them. 
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                            参考答案
                            Unit 6     Topic 3
                            第一部分  听力

Ⅰ. 1-5    D A C B E
Ⅱ. 6-10   A C B B C
Ⅲ. 11-15  A C A C B
Ⅳ. 16. swimming   17. cycling    18. energy      19. healthy    20. easily
                       第二部分         英语知识运用

Ⅰ. 1. A   考查  see,  watch,  look 的区别。see   表示看到的结果,watch       意为“观看”,
look 强
          调看的动作。此处强调看到的结果。故选                 A。
   2. B   used to do sth.过去常常做某事;be used to doing sth.习惯于做某事,本句是说王
先
          生过去常开车上班,但现在习惯于骑车上班。故选                     B。
   3. C   be afraid of doing sth.害怕做某事。故选  C。
   4. D   由 if 引导的条件状语从句,主句为一般将来时,从句应用一般现在时。主语是
第
          三人称单数,rain     是实义动词。故选        D。
   5. B   考查形容词的比较级。当句中有               than,可推断形容词要用比较级。
strong 比
          较级直接加     er。故选   B。
   6. B   go through 指从空间中穿过;go across    指穿越一个平面;go over       指从上面翻越;

          go by 指从旁边经过。穿越马路要用            go across。故选 B。
   7. A   句子中有    be 动词,所以在此       hurt 为形容词,badly   修饰   hurt 要放在  hurt 之前,

          为 badly hurt。故选  A。
   8. B   without 为介词,其后的动词要用-ing        形式。本句指这位女孩没说一句话就生气
          地走出去了,要用        say 而不用  speak。故选   B。
   9. A   anywhere 在任何地方,用于否定句和疑问句,everywhere             到处;两词均不用介
词
          修饰。句意为“许多动物是其他地方没有的”。故选                      A。
   10. D  on the left-hand side of 在……的左侧。left-hand 作形容词修饰    side。在英国,车
          辆靠左侧行驶。故选         D。
Ⅱ. 11-15   C B D F E
Ⅲ. 16. B  许多交通事故由驾驶员开车时打手机引起。
   17. C  本句意为“现在有人想查明开车时打手机是否是危险的”。
   18. B  用 if 表示一种假设。
   19. A  发生事故时,警察会询问驾驶员开车时是否在打手机。
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   20. D  警察把调查的信息写进报告里。
   21. B  这些信息被储存起来供以后研究。
   22. C  驾驶员打手机时会忘记观察路面的情况。
   23. A  开车时不看路面对司机来说是危险的。
   24. C  What is going on around them 指“他们周围发生着什么”,说明驾驶员无法集中
注
          意力于周围的交通状况。
   25. D  现在已经出台了反对开车打手机的交通规则。against                  有“反对,对抗”之意。
Ⅳ. (A)
   26. A  由第一段第一句可知“香港行车靠左”。
   27. B  由第二段第二句可知,“红灯亮”,交通中断,行人可以横穿马路。
   28. D  由第三段可知,上下班是交通最繁忙的时候,也是最危险的时候。
   29. C  由最后一段可知,要想获得好的视野,你可以上双层巴士的第二层。
   30. A  由倒数第二段可知,香港行车靠左,因此等车时也必须站在街道的左边候车。
   (B)
   31. A  由第一段最后一句        Planes are fast, ... 得知飞机是因为速度快而被人们接受的。
   32. B  由第二段最后一句…though it takes a little more time. 可知火车的缺点是旅行耗
          时长。
   33. B  由第三段倒数第二句Also you can carry many things with you in a car. 可知是乘小汽车。

   34. C  由最后一句     But sometimes there are too many cars on the road. 可知只有 C 项为汽
          车的缺点,其他选项不合题意。
   35. A  由第一段最后一句        Planes are fast, but it still ... 得知唯有 A 项符合文章意思。
   (C)
   36. when       37. faster     38. happened    39. phone/cellphone 40. Though
                             第三部分         写作

Ⅰ. (A)41. passengers 42. Among   43. crazy       44. anywhere   45. Asia
   (B)46. pollution 47. careless  48. winner    49. safety     50. disagree
Ⅱ. 51. To spit    52. riding     53. the largest city 54. Why not
   55. If you don’t; will
Ⅲ.  参考范文:
    Do you like riding a bike? I like it very much. I am a student in a middle school. I often go to 
school by bike, because it is good for our body. It makes us healthy and saves energy. But we 
must obey the traffic rules. We should ride a bike slowly and ride it on the right-hand side of the 
road. If the traffic lights are red, we must stop. Now let’s leave cars and buses, and just cycle. 
2积分下载