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辽宁省沈阳市2017年中考英语试题(word版含解析)

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              辽宁省沈阳市      2017 年中考英语试卷
                试题满分    100 分,   考试时间     100 分钟
一、   单项选择     (共   10 小题,每小题      0.5 分,满分    5 分)
1. --- These people are really nice.
--- Yes, they ______ show respect for our feelings.
A. seldom B. never C. always D. already

2. We had fun and learnt ______ new as well. We had a good time.
A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything.

3. ______ 2000, this company has seen much new development. It has become one of the biggest 
companies in the country.
A. For B. In C. By D.

4. ______it is often cold in the mountains, you need to wear warm clothes.
A. Though B. Unless C. As D.

5. Look on the bright side of life, and imagine that you ______ a happy and successful future.
A. had B. will have C. have D. have had.

6. These light bulbs look the same, but their ______ on the environment are different.
A. solutions B methods C. effects D. secrets

7. --- What tools ______to make paper cutting?
--- Scissors.
A. are used B. used C. will use D. use

8. It's hard to hold back the tears. This is ______thing I ’ve ever heard.
A. sad B. sadder C. saddest D. the saddest.

9. --- I'm worried about the air.
--- ______. There might be heavy pollution.
A. Me too B. Never mind C. Of course D. Not yet

10. We’re discussing why ______ for our health.
A. are fast food bad B. fast foods are bad C. fast food is bad D. is fast food bad

二、   完形填空(共       15 小题,每小题      1 分,满分     15 分)
阅读短文,掌握其大意,然后从              A、   B、  C、  D 中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
A long time ago, there was a king in India. The king’s ___11___ game was chess.
One day, a wise old man ___12___ to the palace and the king challenged him to ___13___ game. 
The king promised the old man. “You can ___14___ any prize if you win the game.”
The old man ___15___, “If I win the game, I’d like one grain of ___16___ for the first square of 
the chessboard, two for the second, four for the ___17___, and then double the amount for each of 
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the ___18___ of the squares.”
“Is that all?” asked the king, “Wouldn’t you like gold or silver ___19___?”
“No, just rice.” replied the old man.
The king and the old man played the game ___20___ a long time. Finally, the old man won. 
___21___ the king ordered his men to collect a bag of rice. He___22___ one grain on the first 
square, two on the second, and so on. The king quickly realized the___23___ ----- even with all 
the rice in the country, he would ___24___ not have enough rice to put on all the ___25___.
11. A. boring B. favourite C. dangerous D. fam

12. A. came B. faced C. brought D. turned
13. A. an B. a C. the D. (
14. A. make B. try C. have D. give
15. A. told B. talked C. spoke D. said

16. A. sweet B. rice C. bean D. cake

17. A. third B. fourth C. fifth D. sixth

18. A. whole B. couple C. part D. rest

19. A. instead B. too C. again D. once

20. A. in B. at C. for D. from

21. A. But B. So C. Or D. Yet

22. A. found B. used C. put D. took

23. A. problem B. decision C. advice D. opinion

24. A. hardly B. still C. just D. also

25. A. squares B. bags C. areas D. spaces

三、   阅读理解     (共 15 小题,每小题       1 分,满分     15 分)
                                    A
As an exchange student, I must admit (承认) that at first America was a big culture shock for me.
I stayed with a host family in a small town. My host p arents organized a lot of activities in my 
spare time so that I wouldn't miss home or feel lonely.
However, life was hard to get used to. My main problem was with the language. I failed to 
understand much in the first few weeks because everyone spoke so fast. ThoughI managed to get 
used to it. I still have problems b ecause they used a lot of idioms (习语).
Another difference was with the food. My host family always had bread, potatoes and salad for 
meals. I really miss the dumplings, rice and delicious dishes from home.
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School was a big shock too. They do not require students to wear uniforms, so students can wear 
almost whatever they like. Some students have strange hairstyles (发型) as well. Some students 
even have pink or purple hair!


                                                              --- By Brad Li[来源:学.科.网 Z.X.X.K]
My dream was to see some real snow, so during the Christmas holiday, we took our passport (护
照) and flew over the Pacific to Calgary, Canada. We took a bus to a ski resort in the Canadian 
Rockies. As the bus climbed through the mountains, we saw the thick snow on the trees. I was 
dying to get out and play with it. At last, we reached the resort and quickly jumped out of the bus. 
This was our first experience with snow. We were like littl e children --- we made snow balls, and 
threw them at one another. Then we check in at the hotel.
The next day, we put on our ski suits and gloves, took our skis and went outside onto the snow. 
Our instructor took us to a gentle slope (斜坡), and showed us some basic skills. To be honest, the 
first lesson was not a great success. I kept on falling over, and I had to hold on to a rope to keep 
my balance (平衡).
However, the next day, I only fell over a few times, and I managed to do a few rapid runs. I felt 
pleased with myself, and my instructor told me I was doing much better. Although it was very 
cold, I spent most of my holiday skiing. I had a wonderful time. 
                                                                 --- By Vanessa

26. Brad Li seemed to tell us that his host parents ______.
A. w ere very active B. were very kind C. felt lonely D. felt unhappy

27. Which of the following shows America was a big culture shock for Brad Li?
A. People used a lot of idioms.
B. He stayed with a host family in a small town.
C. His host family always had dumplings for meals.
D. Students are not required to wear uniforms at school.
A. a; c B. b; d C. a; d D. b; c

28. After landing on Calgary airport, Vanessa went to a ski resort ______.
A. by bus B. by train C. by ship D. by plane

29. How did Vanessa react (反应) when she saw the snow for the first time?
A. She was dying when she got out and played with it.
B. She was afraid of death to get out and play with it.
C. She wanted very much to get out and play with it.
D. She was too nervous to get out and play with it.

30. Which picture shows that Vanessa’s first lesson was not a great success?
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31. The best word to describe the two writers’ experiences in another country is “______”.
A. unsuccessful B. comfortable C. unforgettable D. tiring

                                      B
Though you are a teenager now, there will finally come a time when you start to earn  (赚) 
money. While it may be fun to have your own money to spend, it can also be difficult trying to 
manage it properly. Here are some tips on how to manage your money.
Use your money wisely
Most teenagers earn money for everyday use, or because they are saving up for something. So 
when they receive their money, they must first decide what they want to do with it. However, tr y 
to avoid the temptation (诱惑) to spend it all in one go (一口气)!  Remember: Money takes a 
long time to earn, but it goes very quickly.
Bank your savings
The money you don’t need can be saved at home or in a bank. If you want to save your money at 
home, get yourself a piggy bank or something else to keep your money in. The other choice is to 
save your money in a bank. One of the advantages is that you can earn interest (利息) on it.
Use the money to make money
Rather than saving your money at home or in a bank, you can use the money you
earn to invest (投资) in things to make more money. For example, if you are selling
something around your neighborhood, you could pay someone else to sell your things in their 
neighborhood. This way, by spending a little, you can make a lot.
32. The first thing for the teenagers to do after receiving their money is ______.
A. to consider how to deal with it
B. to spend it for everyday use
C. to let it go very quickly
D. to invest in things correctly

33. Which of the following can best explain “use your money wisely”?
A. Don’t earn it for everyday use.
B. It’s saved up for something.
C. Don’t spend it all in one go.
D. It takes a long time to earn.

34. According to the passage, one of the ways to earn interest is ______.
A. to get yourself a piggy bank
B. to save your money in a bank
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C. to make some other choices
D. to leave your money at home

35. By paying others to sell things, teenagers can usually ______.
A. spend less money B. give less money
C. waste more money D. make more money

                                    C
Children with no shoes on do better at school than those with shoes on, a study suggests.
For over 10 years, researchers from universities observed (观察) children in 100 schools from 25 
countries. They found that classrooms were quieter when children took off their shoes. It provided 
a quieter environment where pupils were more willing to focus on study than those with shoes on.
“Children are much more willing to sit on the floor and relax if they have no shoes on,” said 
professor Stephen Heppel, a lead researcher.
“The last place a child would sit to read is an upright chair. And we’ve found that 95% of them 
really don’t read on a chair at home,” Heppel added. “When they go on holidays,  they read lying 
down.”  Professor Heppel hopes to bring the “shoeless policy” to all U.K. schools. He says 
relaxing conditions at school make children feel as if they’re at home. He believes all the teachers 
will be glad to adopt the habit.
36. The best title to describe the main idea of the passage is “__________”.
A. Suggestions on shoeless children.
B. Suggestions on children with shoes on.
C. Shoeless children do better at school.
D. Shoeless children looks cool at school.

37. According to the passage, we know that the study was made by __________.
A. some university students
B. children from 25 countries
C. teachers in 1000 schools
D. researchers from university

38. Whi ch of the following pie chart ( ) can explain Heppel’s discovery?


39. Heppel thinks shoeless policy can provide children with __________.
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A. quiet activities
B. relaxing conditions
C. some upright chairs
D. a safe environment

40. What does the  underlined word “adopt” mean in the passage?
A. accept
B. refuse
C. change
D. throw

四、   回答问题     (共 10 小题,每小题       2 分,满分     20 分)
阅读短文,然后根据内容回答所有问题。
                                     A
Do you always find it is raining when you walk out? Or are you always buying umbrellas and 
leaving them home when it rains? There is a new umbrella that could solve both problems.
The umbrella will not only tell you the weather, but also let you know you’ve left it behind.  
How does it work? The umbrella will send a message to your smartphone. And it says  “Hey, it’s 
going to rain in 15 minutes where you are, so you’d better take your umbrella.”
Besides, if you are forgetful, you may never leave an umbrella on a bus or somewhere else again. 
The umbrella will send a warning to your smartphone if you leave it behind. The new umbrella is 
ex pected to go on sale soon.  Though it is a good idea and it looks pretty cool, the umbrella will 
cost you $185.  Maybe you will just check the free weather apps (应用程序) on your smartphone 
and take an umbrella with you when it is going to rain.
41. How many problems can the new umbrella solve?

42. What else can the new umbrella tell you besides the weather?

43. Where will the new umbrella send a warning?

44. When will the new umbrella be sold?

45. Does the writer think the new umbrella looks cool? 

                                  B
Doris has written a restaurant review on the Internet.
Excellent English food at the Country House
Last Saturday night, my family and I ate at the Country House.
The Country House serves traditional English food, we paid about 15 to 20 pounds a person to eat 
there.
The food was wonderful. The fish pie reminded me of my grandma. She used to cook it for me. I 
also had some fish and chips, and it was fantastic.
The waiters were polite, but a little slow. We were seated at 7 p.m., but we did not receive our 
food until 7:40 p.m.
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I would certainly recommend the Country House for good, traditional English food.  However, 
you should get there early and be prepared to spend a lot of tim e waiting for your food.
46. Where can you read the restaurant review by Dor

47. How much did Doris and her family pay for the meal each person at least?

48. Who used to cook the fish pie for Doris?

49. What did Doris think of the waiters at the Country House?

50. Why did Doris want to recommend (推荐) the Country House?

五、   综合阅读     (共 10 小题,每小题       2 分,满分     20 分)
阅读短文,然后按要求完成第             51-60 小题。
                                         A
Do you know laszlo Biro? Maybe you do not, but you probably use his invention every
day, and you may even have (A) it in your hand right now!
Biro (1899-1985) was the inventor of the ballpoint pen. He was born in Budapest,  Hungary. In 
the 1930s, when he worked as a newspaper editor (编辑), he used a fountain pen (B) almost every 
day. However, he had to refill it all the time. The ink also did not dry easily, and it sometimes 
made a mes s on the paper. Biro (C) 想要更好的笔. His brother,  George, helped him develop a 
special ink. The ink dried easily.Then they developed a new type of pen. There was a (D) tiny ball 
at the tip of the pen. The ball rolled ink onto the paper as it moved. They call it the “ballpoint” pen.
The ballpoint pen was a great success. Everyone love it. Now (E) millions of people
use it all over the world every day.
People will always remember Biro for his invention. Today in many English-speaking countries, 
people still use the word “biro” to refer to any kind of ballpoint pen.
51. 文中画线部分(A)指代的是: __________

52. 写出文中划线部分(B)和(D)的近义词或同义词: __________; __________

53. 将文中画线部分(C)译成英语: ______________________________

54. 将文中画线部分(E)改写为          several __________ people use it __________ in the world 
every day. 

55. 从文中找出圆珠笔的两种表达法: __________; __________

                                     B
California is one of the richest states in America. It has a large amount of land. And it also has 
more people than any other states. It has plenty of natural resources (资源), too.
But everything (A) _______not perfect there. California has two major problems:  earthquakes 
and forest fires.
The San Andreas Fault runs through California. (B) As a result of it, the state gets many 
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earthquakes. (C) 其 中 一 些  地  震  非 常  强  烈  For example, there was a strong earthquake 
in San Francisco in 1906. It destroyed many buildings. And it started a large number of fires. (D) 
More than 3,000 people died after it. There have also been many other strong earthquakes. Some 
people fear that the “big (E) one” will hit someday. They think an earthquake will cause a huge 
amount of damage (破坏).
During summer and autumn, much of California is dry. So forest fires, or wildfires,  often start. 
Those fires can spread (F) rapidly. They burn many forest. But they can also burn people’s homes 
and buildings. They often kill people.(G) _______ firefighters can put them out.
56. 在文中(A)和(G)的空白处填入合适的单词: ________; ________

57. 写出文中划线部分(B)和(F)的同义词语或近义词语: ________; ________

58. 将文中划线部分(C)译成英语: ________________________.

59. 将文中划线部分(D)改写为: ________ 3,000 people________ their lives after it. 

60. 文中划线部分(E)指代的是: ________


[来源:学科网 ZXXK]
六、   阅读与表达(共        2 节,  A  节  5 分,   B 节  20 分;满分    25 分)
A) 阅读短文,然后根据其内容从方框中选出可以填入空白处的短语。
the amount of time in Africa happy with at all came up with Students go hungry for charity (慈善)  
Students at New Point School enjoyed their breakfast today, for it broke a 24–hour fast (禁食) for 
charity. During the fast, they could not eat any food ____1____, and they could only drink water, 
tea and clear fruit juice. The students all volunteered to go without food for one day to raise 
money for UN projects to help the poor ____2____.
Mr. James Wood, their English teacher, said, “The students ____3____ the idea themselves after 
seeing photos of hungry children. They organized the whole thing. I’m very proud of them.”
“Twenty–four hours did not feel like a very long time. Next year, I might even double ____4____ 
I spend fasting. Then I can raise twice as much money!” said Jane Austin, a student. “It’s so 
wrong for us to have lots of food while many people in the world are going hungry. We need to 
give to those in need.”
The students collected about $2,400 from the fast. They were ____5____ the total amount. “It’s 
amazing! People are so kind, and they want to help others,” said Alan Long,  another student.


B) 为迎接国际慈善日(the        International Day of Charity)的到来,某英文报刊将要举办有奖征
文活动,请你以        I would like to ______ for charity 为题写篇短文 (词数 80~100),为本次活
动投稿。步骤与要点如下:
1. 确定主题,并在文中说明原因;
2. 围绕主题,进行叙述;
3. 写出具体计划,也可以讲述一段与主题有关的故事或经历。
要求:
1. 补全题目     (参考词汇: sell old things, hold a book fair, pick up rubbish, organize an activity 
等);
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2. 字迹工整,内容完整连贯,语言准确规范;
3. 鼓励写出真情实感,对紧扣主题的适当发挥不予扣分。短文的开头已给出,不计入总词
数;
4. 作文中可以写出具体计划内容,也可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,但要注意时态的运
用;如果参照短文中的内容,不可以直接引用短文中的句子;
5. 作文中不要出现考生和相关人物的真实校名和姓名。
      I would like to _______ for charity The International Day of Charity is coming. Many 
people will do something for it.  What should I do? Here are my ideas.         


      I would like to …[来源:Z§xx§k.Com]
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[来源:Z。xx。k.Com]
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