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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit5Warming Up & Reading

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Unit 5 Music


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   20世纪70年代,在纽约的大街上、俱乐部里,出现了一种
新的音乐形式,它就是说唱音乐。现在,它开始走进课堂,而
且配上它之后,效果很好。
                    Rapping in Class
   Hip hop or rap music(说唱音乐)started on the street and in the 
clubs of the New York City in the 1970s.People rap to express 
how they feel about their lives and problems.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   Would you like to rap in class? Well, actually hip pop music is 
played in more than 10,000 schools in the USA.Why?There is a 
new school program called “Flocabulary” in which teachers use 
texts and hip hop CDs to help teach different school subjects.The 
words of the songs are just what students are studying.This makes 
learning easy and fun.Students and teachers are excited about the 
good results it has had on exam marks.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   Blake Harrison, a high school student, was the first person to 
come up with the idea of Flocabulary.The word “Flocabulary” 
comes from the word “flow” and “vocabulary”.“Flow” is a rap 
word for “style”, or the way a rapper says the words of a song.
“Vocabulary” means the words you have to learn in a language.
How did he get the idea? Well, he realized he could remember the 
words of a hip hop song very easily.So,why not make lessons 
into songs? Today together with Alex Rappaport, a song writer, 
Blake produces hip hop songs for math,science and literature.
They are now used in schools with great success.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
词海拾贝
1.express v.表达  
2.come up with 想到
3.style n.风格,流派  
4.together with 和……一起 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Warming Up & Reading


                 课前预习 要点探究
Ⅰ.重点单词
1.______roll  vt.& vi.滚动;(使)摇摆 n.摇晃;卷;卷形物;
   面包圈
2.______folk  adj.民间的
3.___________musician  n.音乐家
4.________pretend  vt.假装;假扮
5._______attach  vt.& vi.系上;缚上;附加;连接
6._______form  vt.(使)组成;形成;构成


                                    课前预习   要点探究
7.__________passer­by  n.过路人;行人
8._______earn  vt.赚;挣得;获得
9.______extra  adj.额外的;外加的
10.___________instrument  n.工具;器械;乐器
11._______perform  vt.& vi.表演;履行;执行
   _____________performance  n.表演;演奏
12._____cash  n.现金
13._______studio  n.工作室;演播室 
14.__________millionaire  n.百万富翁;富豪 
15._____actor  n.男演员;行动者
16._____rely  vi.依赖;依靠

                                    课前预习   要点探究
17._________broadcast  n.& vi.& vt.广播;播放 
   ___________broadcast 过去式
   ___________broadcast 过去分词
18.__________humorous  adj.幽默的;诙谐的
   _______humor  n.幽默
19.________familiar  adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的
20.__________attractive  adj.吸引人的;有吸引力的


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅱ.核心短语
1._______________dream about/of 梦见;梦想;设想
2.___________to be honest 说实在地;实话说
3._________attach...to 认为有(重要性、意义)
4.________in cash 用现金;用现钱 
5.____________play jokes on 戏弄 
6._______look for 寻找
7._______rely on  依赖;依靠 
8._________________be/get familiar with 熟悉;与……熟悉起来 
9._______or so 大约 
10.  _________ break up 打碎;分裂;解体

                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅲ.经典句式
1.Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of 
  people at a concert,_________at which  everyone is clapping and 
  appreciating your music?
  你是否曾梦想过在音乐会上面对成千上万的观众演唱,每个
  人都欣赏你的音乐并为你鼓掌呢?
2.They put an advertisement in a newspaper ________________looking for rock
  ___________musicians ,but they could only find one who was good 
  enough.
  他们在报上登了一则广告,寻求摇滚乐歌手,但是他们只能
  找到一位足够好的。

                                    课前预习   要点探究
3.Anyhow  their performances ___________________________were humorous enough to be
  _______bycopied  other groups.
  不管怎样,他们的表演非常幽默以至于其他的乐队也开始模
  仿。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
阅读清障


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原文呈现


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                     课文译文

                    并非乐队的乐队
   你曾经想过要成为一个乐队里有名的歌手或音乐家吗?你
曾梦想过在音乐会上对着成千上万的观众演奏,观众(为你)鼓
掌并欣赏你的音乐吗?你是否唱卡拉OK,并假装自己是像宋
祖英或刘欢一样著名的歌唱家?说实在的,很多人把名和利看
得很重要。但是人们是怎样组建乐队的呢?


                                    课前预习   要点探究
    许多音乐家聚在一起组建乐队,是因为他们喜欢自己作
曲并演奏自己的音乐。他们起初可能是一群高中生,对他们来
说,在某个人的家里练习音乐是成名的第一步。有时他们可能
在街上或地铁里为过路者演奏,这样他们可以为自己或他们要
买的乐器多挣一些钱。后来,他们可能在酒吧或者俱乐部里演
出,这样他们可以得到现金。当然,他们希望在录音棚里制作
唱片,然后卖掉数百万张唱片,从而成为百万富翁!


                                    课前预习   要点探究
     然而,也有一个用不同方式组建起来的乐队。这支乐队
叫门基乐队,它是以电视节目的形式开始的。组成乐队的音乐
人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣逗笑。这些音乐大多都在模仿“甲壳
虫”乐队。电视制作人原计划寻找四位既能表演又能唱歌的音
乐人。他们在报纸上登了一则广告,寻找摇滚音乐人,但他们
只能找到一个足够好的。他们不得不用演员来充当乐队的其他
三名成员。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
    因为这些演员中的有些人唱得不是很好,他仍不得不依
靠其他乐手的帮助。所以在演出的时候他们只是假装在唱。不
管怎样,他们的表演非常幽默,足以被其他乐队模仿。他们如
此受欢迎以至于粉丝们为了更熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。门基
乐队每个星期都要在电视上弹奏和演唱由别的音乐人创作的歌
曲。然而,在大约一年的时间里,门基乐队对他们的工作变得
更加认真了,这一年之后,他们开始像一支真正的乐队那样演
唱自己创作的歌曲。然后他们录制自己的唱片,并且开始巡回
演奏他们自己的音乐。在美国,他们变得甚至比甲壳虫乐队更
受欢迎,也售出了比他们更多的唱片。门基乐队大约在1970年
解散,但令人高兴的是,在20世纪80年代中期他们重组了。
1996年他们出了一张新唱片,以此来庆祝他们以往的作为一支
真正的乐队的时光。

                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅰ.Match the main idea with each paragraph.
Para.1 (  B    ) A.how the Monkees became serious about the
                          music business
Para.2 (  C    )  B.dreaming of being a famous musician or singer
Para.3 (  D    )  C.how musicians form bands
Para.4 (  A    )  D.how the Monkees got their start


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅱ.Choose the best answer according to the text.
1.Which musical band is mentioned in the passage?
  A.The Westlife.       B.The Monkees.
  C.The Beatles.        D.Both B & C.
  答案 D


                                    课前预习   要点探究
2.Put the following events in the right order.
  a.Make records.
  b.Give performance in the pubs or clubs.
  c.Musicians get together and play music at home.
  d.Play music in the street or subway.
  A.b,c,d,a             B.c,b,d,a
  C.c,d,b,a             D.b,d,c,a
  答案 C


                                    课前预习   要点探究
3.However,there was one band that started in a different way.It 
  was called the Monkees and began as a TV show.What does 
  “it” refer to?
  A.A band.             B.A TV show.
  C.The music.          D.A way.
  答案 A


                                    课前预习   要点探究
4.Why were the Monkees said to start in a different way?
  A.They played jokes on each other.
  B.It only had three members at first.
  C.They were formed by TV producers.
  D.The members were actors.
  答案 C


                                    课前预习   要点探究
5.What does the title “The Band That Wasn't” mean?
  A.The band wasn't a famous one.
  B.The band was formed in a different way.
  C.The band didn't play their own music.
  D.The band wasn't supported by his fans.
  答案 B


                                    课前预习   要点探究
1.Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of 
   people at a concert,at which everyone is clapping and 

   appreciating your music?(教材P34)
   你是否曾梦想过在音乐会上面对成千上万的观众演唱,而
   音乐会上的每个人都欣赏你的音乐并为你鼓掌呢?

dream of梦想;梦见;设想 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

dream of/about(doing)sth梦见;梦想;设想 (做)某事
dream up 构思;想出;虚构
dream that...梦想
dream a/an...dream做一个……的梦 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①I dream of becoming a designer one day.
  我梦想有一天成为设计师。
②I dreamed _____up  a plan to solve both problems at once.
  我想出了一个方案,可以同时解决两个问题。
③I dream ______that  my son will attend college and find a good job.
  我希望儿子能上大学并找到一份好工作。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
2.Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer 

   like Song Zuying or Liu Huan?(教材P34)
   你唱卡拉OK时是否假装自己就是像宋祖英或刘欢一样著名
   的歌星呢?

pretend vt.假装;假扮 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

pretend to do...假装做……
pretend (to be)+n./adj.假装是/装扮成……
pretend to be doing...假装正在做……
pretend to have done...假装已做过……
pretend that...假装…… 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①Sarah pretended _______to be  (be)cheerful,saying nothing about 
   the argument.
   萨拉假装高兴,没有提及争吵的事。
②When  his mother entered his room,he pretended to have 
   fallen asleep.
   当他的妈妈走进他的房间时,他假装已经睡着了。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
③Mike pretended to be preparing lunch when mother stepped in 
   the kitchen.
   妈妈走进厨房的时候,迈克假装正在做午饭。
④I had been lying to myself,pretending that everything was fine
   .
   我一直对自己撒谎,假装一切顺利。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
3.To  be honest,a lot of people attach great importance to 

   becoming rich and famous.(教材P34)
   说实在的,很多人把出名和获利看得很重要。

to be honest(=to tell the truth/honestly speaking)说实在的;实
话说 
[归纳拓展]

be honest with sb对某人坦诚
It is honest of sb to do sth某人做……是正直的 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①  __________(honest)Honestly  speaking,I don't want to attend the 
   meeting.
   说实在的,我不想出席这个会议。
②Are you being honest _______about  your feelings?
   你没有隐瞒你的感情吗?
③It's honest of you to tell us the truth.
   你能告诉我们真相说明你很诚实。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
attach vt.&vi.系上;缚上;附加;连接 

[归纳拓展]

attach...to...认为有(重要性、意义);附上;连接
attach importance/value to(doing) sth认为(做)某事重要/有意义
   /有重要价值
be attached to热爱;依恋;附属于 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
④He will attach the label ____to  your luggage.
   他会把标签贴在你的行李上。
⑤She attaches great importance   to     regular exercise.
   她认为定期锻炼很重要。
⑥This institute is attached to the University of Texas.
   这个研究所附属于得克萨斯大学。
   [名师点津] attach...to...结构中的to为介词,后接动词时要
   用其­ing形式。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
4.But just how do people form a band?(教材P34)
   那么,人们又是怎样一起组成乐队的呢?

form vt.(使)组成;形成;构成 n.表格;形式;状态 

写出下列句中form的汉语意思
①I regard reading as a form of recreation.
                                             _____形式
②Here‘s a blank form for you to fill in.
                                             _____表格
③These ideas have been forming in my mind.
                                             _____形成
④Ice, snow and steam are different forms of water.
                                             _____状态

                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

form the habit of doing...养成做……的习惯
fill out/in a form填表格
take the form of...采取……的形式
in the form of...以……的形式 

⑤He has formed _____the  habit of taking notes in class.
   他已经养成了上课做笔记的习惯。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
5.Sometimes they may play to passers­by in the street or 
   subway so that they can earn some extra money for 

   themselves or to pay for their instruments.(教材P34)
   有时他们可能在街上或在地铁里为过路人演奏,这样他们
   可以为自己或自己要买的乐器多挣一些钱。

earn vt.赚;挣得;获得;赢得 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

earn/make money挣钱
earn one's respect/reputation赢得尊重/名誉
earn one's/a living=make a living谋生 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①He earns _____(he)livinghis  by teaching at a language school.
   他在语言学校教书以维持生计。
②As a teacher,she had earned the respect of her students.
   作为教师,她赢得了学生的尊敬。
③Your efforts will _________________________earn you a good reputation .
   你的努力将会为你赢得佳誉。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
6.The  musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as 
   play music,most of which was based loosely on the Beatles

   .(教材P34)
   组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐,还彼此打趣逗笑。这些玩笑
   和音乐大多都在模仿“甲壳虫”乐队。

play jokes/a joke on和……开玩笑;戏弄…… 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

make fun of sb/sth取笑某人/物
laugh at sb/sth嘲笑某人/物
play a trick/tricks on sb捉弄某人
make a joke of sth拿某事当儿戏 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①My mother always makes a joke of everything.
   我妈妈总是在任何事上都开玩笑。
②It's bad manners to play tricks ____on  someone else.
   捉弄别人是不礼貌的行为。
③Why do you always make fun ____of  me?
   你为什么总是嘲弄我呢?


                                    课前预习   要点探究
7.As  some of these actors could not sing well enough,they 

   had to rely on other musicians to help them.(教材P34)
   因为这些演员中有些人唱得不是很好,他们不得不靠队里
   其他乐手来帮助他们。

rely on/upon依靠;信任 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

depend on/upon依赖;依靠
rely on/upon...for...依靠……提供……
rely on sb/sth to do sth依靠某人/某物做某事
rely on/upon it that...依靠/指望/相信…… 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①All living things rely ____on  the sun for growth.
   万物的生长都依靠太阳。
②You may rely on ____it  that he will come on time.
   你放心好了,他会按时来的。
③We   should rely/depend on/upon science and technology 
   _________(build)to build  our country.
   我们应该依靠科学和技术来建设我们的国家。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
8.They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order 

   to get more familiar with them.(教材P34)
   他们非常受欢迎使得歌迷们为了更加熟悉他们而成立了俱
   乐部。

familiar adj.熟悉的;常见的;亲近的 

sb be/get familiar with sth某人对某物熟悉
sth be/get familiar to sb某物为某人所熟悉 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①He studies hard to get familiar _______with the field of the computer
   .
   他为了熟悉电脑领域,努力学习。
②The nursery rhyme is very familiar ____to  me.
   我对这首摇曲很熟悉。
   [语境串记] I am   familiar with Tom,so his voice on the 
   phone sounds familiar to me.
   我对汤姆很熟悉,所以他在电话里的声音我听起来很熟悉
   。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
9.The band broke up about 1970,but happily they reunited 

   in the mid­1980s.(教材P34)
   这支乐队在1970年左右解散了,但令人高兴的是,到20世
   纪80年代中期他们再次聚首。

break up打碎;分裂;解体;结束 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
写出下列句中break up的汉语意思
①They responded that there were several reasons why the music 
   band broke up.
                                             _____解体
②The meeting broke up at eleven o‘clock.
                                             _____结束
③The ship broke up on the rocks.
                                             _____打碎


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

break down损坏;(把化合物等)分解;(汽车)抛锚;垮掉
break in非法闯入;插嘴;打断
break into破门而入,非法闯入
break out(战争、火灾、疫病等)突然发生,爆发
break away from...从……中脱离出去 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
④The  prisoner broke away _______from  the policeman who was 
   holding him.
   囚犯从警察手中挣脱逃掉了。
⑤She broke ____in  with some suggestions of her own.
   她插了话,提出了她自己的一些建议。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
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