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2019高考英语二轮复习600分策略专题2七选五阅读即时巩固2018121629

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                            专题    2 七选五阅读


                                      A
                                                                (2018·全国Ⅱ)
    If you are already making the time to exercise,it is good indeed!With such 
busy lives,it  can  be hard to  try and find  the time to  work out. __1.  G__ 

Working out in the morning provides additional benefits beyond being physically 
fit. 
    ●Your productivity is  improved. Exercising makes you more awake and ready 
to handle whatever is ahead of you for the day. __2. E__
    ●Your metabolism(新陈代谢) gets a head start. __3. F__ If you work out in 
the mornings,then you will be getting the calorie (卡路里) burning benefits for 
the whole day,not in your sleep. 

    ● __4. B__ Studies found that people who woke up early for exercise slept 
better than those who exercised in the evening. Exercise energizes you,so it is 

more difficult to relax and have a peaceful sleep when you are very excited. 
     __5. A__ If you work out bright and early in the morning,you will be more 

likely to stick to healthy food choices throughout the day. Who would want  to 
ruin their good workout by eating junk food?You will want to continue to focus 

on positive choices. 
    There are a lot of benefits to working out,especially in the mornings. Set 
your alarm clock an  hour early and push  yourself to work out!You  will  feel 

energized all day long. 
    A.You will stick to your diet. 
    B.Your quality of sleep improves. 
    C.You prefer healthy food to fast food. 
    D.There is no reason you should exercise in the morning. 
    E.You can keep your head clear for 4—10 hours after exercise. 
    F.After you exercise,you continue to burn calories throughout the day. 
    G.If you are planning to do exercise regularly,or you’re doing it now,
then listen up!
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文。文章告诉我们挤出时间锻炼身体的好处,而晨练的好处
更大,对身体和工作都有所裨益。
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    ❶ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。本空前文说在繁忙的生活中,我们很难找到时间
锻炼,后文说晨练的好处,故中间的衔接句可表达“假设有时间锻炼”之类的含义,因此
G 项符合语境。本设空类型为过渡句类。

    ❷ 解析:解本题可用句意判断法。本段的主旨是“晨练能提高你的效率”,E                                 项“锻
炼之后的    4 到 10 小时内,你都能让自己头脑清醒”追加了锻炼的好处,符合此处的语境。
本设空类型为细节理解类。

    ❸ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。这一段说的是晨练有助于人体的新陈代谢,能让
你一整天都感受到晨练消耗卡路里带来的好处,F                    项意为“晨练之后你还会在一天时间里继
续消耗卡路里”。F        项中的关键词      throughout the day 与文中的    the whole day 呼应。故
选 F。本设空类型为细节理解类。

    ❹ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。本题考查段落主题。本段提到                            slept    better,
difficult to relax,a peaceful sleep,因此这一段说的是晨练比晚上锻炼更能改善睡眠,
因此选   B。本设空类型为段落主题句类。

    ❺ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。由本段的关键词                      stick    to   healthy    food 
choices,eating junk food,positive choices 等可知,这一段说的是晨练对饮食的影响,
因此选   A。本设空类型为段落主题句类。

                                      B
                                                                (2018·全国Ⅲ)
    Before there was the written word,there  was the language of  dance. Dance 
expresses love and hate,joy and sorrow,life and death,and everything else in 

between. 
     __1. B__ We dance from Florida to Alaska,from  north to south and sea  to 
sea. We dance at weddings,birthdays,office parties and just to fill the time. 
    “I  adore dancing,”   says Lester Bridges,the  owner of a dance studio  in 

Iowa. “I can’t imagine doing anything else with my life. ”Bridges runs dance 
classes for all ages. “Teaching  dance  is wonderful. __2. D__ It’s  great  to 
watch them. For many of them,it’s a way of meeting people and having a social 

life. ”
     __3. A__  “I   can tell  you  about one  young  couple,”   says  Bridges. 

“They’re   learning to do traditional dances. They arrive at the class in  low 
spirits and they leave with a smile. __4. F__”
    So do we dance in order to make ourselves feel better,calmer,healthier?
Andrea Hillier says,“Dance,like the pattern of a beating heart,is life. Even 
after all these years,I want to get better and better. __5. E__ I find it hard 
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to stop!Dancing reminds me I’m alive. ”
    A.So why do we dance?
    B.Dance in the U.S. is everywhere. 
    C.If you like dancing outdoors,come to America. 
    D.My older students say it makes them feel young. 
    E.I keep practicing even when I’m extremely tired. 
    F.Dancing seems to change their feeling completely. 
    G.They stayed up all night long singing and dancing. 
    文章大意:本文是一篇说明文。跳舞在美国很常见。Bridges                      是美国爱荷华州的一个舞
蹈工作室的老板,在文章中他分析跳舞的好处,解释人们学习舞蹈的原因,表达自己对舞蹈
的热爱。

    ❶ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。空后的“We                    dance  from Florida to  Alaska,
from north to  south and sea  to sea. We  dance at weddings,birthdays,office 
parties and just to fill the time. ”可知,舞蹈在美国到处都有,故             B 项符合语境。

    ❷ 解析:解本题可用词汇锁定法。 D                项中的   them 指代  my older students。空后的
两个  them 也指代   my older students。

    ❸ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。                 由本段中的“They       arrive at  the class  in 
low spirits and they leave with a smile. ”可知,跳舞可以让原本情绪低落的他们变
得开心,故     A 项(那么我们为什么跳舞呢?)符合语境。

    ❹ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。由上句“They                     arrive at  the class  in  low 
spirits and they leave with a smile. ”可知,他们跳完舞后,精神状态发生了很大的
变化。故    F 项(舞蹈似乎完全改变了他们的感觉)符合语境。

    ❺ 解析:解本题可用关联逻辑法。由空后的“I                     find  it hard  to stop!”可知
E 项(我即使在极其疲惫的时候,也坚持练习)符合语境。
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