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人教版必修五reading语法填空学案(附答案解析)

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                 人教版必修五      reading 语法填空学案


 Unit 1, Book 5  JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”


        John Snow was __1__ famous doctor in London - so expert, indeed, that he 
attended Queen Victoria as her personal physician. But he became __2____(inspire) 
 when he thought about helping ordinary people exposed to cholera. This was the 
 __3___(die) disease of its day. Neither its cause _4___ its cure was understood. So 
 many thousands of terrified people died every __5__ there was an outbreak. John 
 Snow wanted __6__(face) the challenge and solve this problem. He knew that cholera 
 would never be controlled until its cause __7____(find). He became interested _8__ 
 two theories that possibly explained how cholera killed people. The first suggested 
 that cholera multiplied in the air. A cloud of dangerous gas floated around until it 
 found its victims. The second suggested that people absorbed this disease into __9__ 
 bodies with their meals. From the stomach the disease __10__(quick) attacked the 
 body and soon the affected person died.


 Key:   1. a   2. inspired   3. deadly   4. nor   5. time

        6. to face   7. was found   8. in   9. their   10. quickly


 Unit 1, Book 5  JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”


          John Snow suspected that the second theory was correct __1__ he needed 
 evidence. So when another outbreak hit London in 1854, he was ready __2__(begin) 
 his enquiry. As the disease spread quickly through poor neighbourhoods, he began to 
 gather information. In two particular streets, the cholera outbreak was __3__ severe 
 that more than 500 people died in ten days. He was determined to find _4___ why. 
 First he marked on a map the exact places __5___ all the dead people had lived. This 
 gave him a __6__(value) clue about the cause of the disease. Many of the _7___(die) 
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 were near the water pump in Broad Street (especially numbers 16, 37, 38 and 40). He 
 also noticed that some houses (such as 20 and 21 Broad Street and 8 and 9 Cambridge 
Street) had had no deaths. He had not foreseen this, so he made further investigations. 
He  discovered that these people worked in the pub _8__ 7 Cambridge Street. They 
 _9___( give) free beer and so had not drunk the water from the pump. __10__ seemed 
 that the water was to blame.


 Key:  1. but   2. to begin   3. so   4.out     5. where/in which  

       6. valuable   7. deaths   8. at   9. had been given  10. It


 Unit 2, Book 5  PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY


         People may wonder why __1___(differ) words are used to describe these 
four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. You can clarify this 
 question __2__ you study British history. First there was England. Wales was linked 
 to _3___ in the thirteenth century. Now when people refer __4__ England you find 
 Wales included as well. Next England and Wales were joined to Scotland in the 
 seventeenth century and the name was changed to "Great Britain". Happily this 
 __5__(accomplish) without conflict when King James of Scotland became King of 
 England and Wales as well. Finally the English government tried in the early 
 twentieth century to form the United Kingdom by _6___(get) Ireland connected in 
 _7__ same peaceful way. _8___, the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke 
 _9__ to form its own government. So only Northern Ireland joined with England, 
 Wales and Scotland to become the United Kingdom and this was shown to the world 
 in a new flag _10___(call) the Union Jack.


 Key:  1. different   2. if   3. it   4. to   5. was accomplished

       6. getting   7. the   8. However  9. away   10. called


 Unit 2, Book 5  PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY
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      England is the largest of the four countries, and for convenience it is divided 
__1__(rough) into three zones. The zone nearest France __2__(call) the South of 
England, the middle zone is called the Midlands and the one nearest to Scotland is 
known  __3__ the North. You find most of the population settled in the south, _4__ 
most of the industrial cities in the Midlands and the North of England. Although, 
nationwide, these cities are not as _5___(large) as __6___ in China, they have world-
famous football teams and some of them even have two! It is __7__ pity that the 
industrial cities built in the nineteenth century do not attract __8___(visit). For 
___9___(history) architecture you have to go to older but smaller towns 
__10___(build) by the Romans. There you will find out more about British history 
and culture.

       

 Key:  1. roughly   2. is called   3. as   4. but  5. large

       6. those/ the ones  7. a   8. visitors   9.  historical   10. built


 Unit 3, Book 5  FIRST IMPRESSIONS


 Space mall: liqiang299A@GreatAdventureSpaceStation.com   15/11/3008 (Earth time)

           

 Dear Mum and Dad, 

 I still cannot believe that I am taking up this prize that I won last year. I have to 
 remind __1__(me) constantly that I am really in AD 3008. Worried about the journey, 
 I was unsettled for the _2___(one) few days. As a result, I suffered from “Time lag”. 
 This is similar __3__ the “jet lag” you get from flying, but it seems you keep getting 
 flashbacks from your previous time period. So I was very nervous and uncertain at 
 first. __4___, my friend and guide, Wang Ping, was very __5___(understand) and 
 gave me some green tablets which helped a lot. Well-known for their expertise, his 
 ___6__(parent) company, called "Future Tours", transported me __7__(safe) into the 
 future in a time capsule. I can still remember the moment __8___ the space 
 stewardess called us all to the capsule and we climbed in through a small opening. 
 The seats were comfortable and after a calming drink, we felt __9___(sleep) and 
 closed our eyes. The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and 
 dreaming. A few minutes later, the journey _10___( complete) and we had arrived. I 
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 was still on the earth but one thousand years in the future. What would I find?

           

 Key:   1. myself   2. first   3. to   4. However   5. understanding

        6. parents’  7. safely   8. when   9. sleepy  10. was completed


 Unit 3, Book 5  FIRST IMPRESSIONS


 At first my new surroundings were difficult __1___( tolerate). The air seemed thin, as 
 __2___ its combination of gases had little oxygen left. Hit by a lack of fresh air, my 
 head ached. Just as I tried to make the necessary adjustment __3__ this new situation, 
 Wang Ping appeared. "Put on this mask," he advised. "It'll make you feel much 
 better." He handed _4___ to me and immediately hurried me through to a small room 
 nearby for __5___ rest. I felt better in no time. Soon I was back on _6___ feet again 
 and following him to collect a hovering carriage __7___(drive) by computer. These 
carriages float above the ground and by __8__(bend) or pressing down in your seat, 
you can move swiftly. Wang Ping fastened my safety belt and showed me _9___ to 
use it. Soon I could fly as fast as him. However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we 
reached what looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all 
directions. He __10___(sweep) up into the centre of them.        


 Key:  1. to tolerate   2. if/though   3. to   4. it   5. a 

      6. my    7. driven   8. bending   9. how  10. was swept


 Unit 4, Book 5   MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT

                "Unforgettable", says new journalist

         

 Never will Zhou Yang (ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular 
 English newspaper. His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), was to strongly 
 influence his life as a journalist.
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 HX: Welcome. We're __1___(delight) you're coming to work with us. Your first job 
 here will be __2___ assistant journalist. Do you have any questions?

 ZY:   Can I go out on a story immediately?

 HX:  (laughing) That' s admirable, but I' m afraid it would be unusual ! Wait till you' 
 re more experienced. First we'll put you as an assistant to an experienced journalist. 
 __3___(late) you can cover a story and submit the article yourself.

 ZY:   Wonderful. __4___ do I need to take with me? I already have a notebook and 
camera.

 HX:  No need for a camera. You'll have a professional photographer with you to take 
photographs. You'll find your colleagues very eager to assist you, so you may be able 
to concentrate on photography later __5__ you' re interested.

 ZY:    Thank you. Not only am I interested in photography, __6___ I took an 
amateur course at university to update my skills.

 HX:  Good.

 ZY:   What do I need to remember when I go out to cover a story?

 HX:  You  need to be curious. __7__ if you ask many different questions will you 
 acquire all the information you need to know. We say a good journalist must have a 
 good "nose" for a story. That means you must be able to assess when people are not 
 telling the whole __8__(true) and then try to discover it. They must use research to 
 inform themselves of the __9___(miss) parts of the story.

 ZY:    What should I keep in mind?

 HX:   Here comes my list of __10___ and don'ts: don't miss your deadline, don't be 
rode, don't talk too much, but make sure you listen to the  interviewee carefully.


 Key:  1. delighted   2. an   3. Later   4. What   5. if 

      6. but (also)   7. Only  8. truth   9. missing  10. dos


 Unit 4, Book 5   MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT

                "Unforgettable", says new journalist
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台


ZY:   Why is listening so important?

HX:  Well, you have to listen for detailed facts. Meanwhile you have to prepare the 
next question depending on __1___ the person says.

ZY:   But how can I listen __2___ (careful) while taking notes?

HX:   This is __3__ trick of the trade, If the interviewee agrees, you can use a 
recorder to get the facts straight. It's also useful if a person wants to challenge you. 
You have the evidence to support your story.

ZY:   I see! Have you ever had a case __4___ someone accused your journalists 
__5___getting the wrong end of the stick?

HX:   Yes, but it was a long time ago. This is how the story goes. A footballer 
__6___ (accuse) of taking money for deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the 
other team win. We went to interview him. He denied __7__ (take) money but we 
were sceptical. So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man 
__8__ (suppose) to bribe him. When we saw them together we guessed from the 
footballer's body language that he was not telling the truth. So we wrote an article 
suggesting he was guilty. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have 
demanded damages if we were wrong. He tried to stop us __9___(publish) it but later 
we were proved right.

ZY:   Wow! That was a real "scoop". I'm looking forward to my first __10__ (assign) 
now. Perhaps I'll get a scoop too!

HX:   Perhaps you will. You never know.


Key:   1. what   2. carefully   3. a   4. where   5. of

      6. was accused  7. taking   8. supposed   9. publishing  10. assignment


Unit 5, Book 5  FIRST AID FOR BURNS


The skin is an essential part of your body and its largest organ. You have three layers 
of skin ___1__ act as a barrier against disease, poisons and the sun's __2___ (harm) 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 rays. The functions of your skin are also very complex: it keeps you warm __3_ cool; 
it prevents your body from __4__ (lose) too much water; it is where you feel cold, 
 heat or pain and it gives you your sense of touch. So as you can imagine, if your skin 
 gets __5__ (burn) it can be very serious. First aid is a very important first step in the 
 ___6___ (treat) of burns.

 Causes of burns

          You can get burned by a __7__ (various) of things: hot liquids, steam, fire, 
radiation (by being close to high heat or fire, etc), the sun, electricity or chemicals.

 Types of burns

          There are three types of burns. Burns __8__ (call) first, second or third 
 degree burns, depending on which layers of the skin are burned.

 ◎ First degree burns    These affect only the top layer of the skin. These burns are 
 not serious and should feel better within a day or two. Examples include mild sunburn 
 and burns __9___ (cause) by touching a hot pan, stove or iron for a mordent.

 ◎ Second degree burns  These affect both the top and the second layer of the skin. 
These burns are serious and take a few weeks __10__ (heal). Examples include severe 
sunburn and burns caused by hot liquids.

 ◎ Third degree burns   These affect all three layers of the skin and any tissue and 
organs under the skin. Examples include burns caused by electric shocks, burning 
clothes, or severe petrol fires. These burns cause very severe injuries and the victim 
must go to hospital at once.


 Key:   1. which/ that   2. harmful   3. or   4. losing   5. burned

        6. treatment    7. variety    8. are called   9. caused  10. to heal

 Unit 5, Book 5  FIRST AID FOR BURNS


 First aid treatment

 1    Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it __1__ (stick) to the burn. 
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 Take off other clothing and jewellery near the burn.

 2    Cool burns immediately with cool __2__ not icy water. It is best to place burns 
under gently __3__ (run) water for about 10 minutes. (The cool water stops the 
 burning process, prevents the pain becoming __4__ (bear) and reduces swelling.) Do 
 not put cold water on third degree burns.

 3    For first degree burns, place cool, clean, wet cloths on them until the pain is not 
so bad. For second degree burns, keep cloths cool by putting them back in __5__ 
 basin of cold water, squeezing them out and __6__ (place) them on the burned area 
 over and over again for about an hour until the pain is not so bad.

 4   Dry the burned area __7__ (gentle). Do not rob, as this may break any blisters 
 and the wound may get __8___ (infect).

 5   Cover the burned area with a dry, clean bandage that will not stick to the skin. 
Hold the bandage in place with tape. Never put butter, oil or ointment on bums as they 
keep the heat in the wounds and may cause infection.

 6   If bums are on arms or legs, keep them __9__ (high) than the heart, if possible. If 
bums are on the face, the victim should sit up.

 7   If the injuries are second or third degree bums, _10___ is vital to get the victim 
 to the doctor or hospital at once.


 Key:   1. is stuck   2. but   3. running   4. unbearable   5. a

        6. placing   7. gently   8. infected   9. higher   10. it 


 答案及解析:

 1.Unit 1, Book 5  JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”

 Key:   1. a   2. inspired   3. deadly   4. nor   5. time

        6. to face   7. was found   8. in   9. their   10. quickly

 解析:

 1. a.单数可数名词表示类别时,与不定冠词搭配。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

2.inspired。系动词   become 之后接形容词充当表语,使用过去分词转变而成的形容词,表
示主语所处的状态。该句译为“当他一想到要帮助那些得了霍乱的普通百姓时,他就感到
振奋”。

3.deadly。放在名词    disease 之前充当定语,故使用形容词           deadly,译为“致命的”。

4.nor。属于   neither…nor…搭配结构,连接并列成分,译为“既不…也不…”。该句译为
“人们既不知道它的病源,也不知道它的治疗方法”。

5.time。every time 引导的时间状语从句,表示“每当…的时候”。该句译为“每次霍乱爆
发时,就有大批惊恐的老百姓病死”。

6.to face。属于 want to do sth。结构。

7.was found。属于  not…until…引导的时间状语从句,按照“主将从现”的原则,即主句
过去将来时,从句使用一般过去式;而且从句                    find 的动作执行者没有提及到,故使用一般
过去时的被动语态。该句译为“他知道,在找到病源之前,霍乱疫情是无法控制的”。

8.in。属于   become interested in sth。结构,译为“对…感兴趣”。

9.their。指代上文提及到的        people,放在  bodies 之前充当定语,为了避免重复,故使用形
容词性物主代词       their。该句译为“第二种看法是在吃饭的时候人们把这种病毒引入到体内
的”。

10.quickly。放在动词之前充当状语,故使用             quick 的副词形式。该句译为“病从胃里发作
而迅速殃及全身,患者很快就会死去”。

2.Unit 1, Book 5  JOHH SHOW DEFEATS “KING CHOLERA”

Key:   1. but   2. to begin   3. so   4.out     5. where/in which  

       6. valuable   7. deaths   8. at   9. had been given  10. It

解析:

1. but。上下文构成转折关系,故使用并列连词                  but 连接并列句。该句译为“斯诺推测第
   二种说法是正确的,但是他需要证据”。
2. to begin。属于  be ready to do sth。结构,译为“着手准备做某事”。
3. so。属于    so…that…引导的结果状语从句。该句译为“他发现特别在两条街道上霍乱流
   行得很严重,在        10 天之内就死去了      500 多人”。
4. out。find out 表示“查明事情的真相”。
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5. where/in which。先行词   the exact places 在从句中充当不及物动词        live 的地点状语,故
    使用了关系副词       where 或 in which 引导。该句译为“首先,他在地图上标明了所有死
    者住过的地方”。
6. valuable。放在名词     clue 之前充当定语,故使用        value 的形容词形式。
7. deaths。之前有定冠词       the,而且有    many 修饰,故使用      death 的复数表示“死亡人数”
    。
8. at。习惯上,门牌号码常和           at 搭配。该句译为“他发现这些人都在剑桥街                  7 号的酒馆
   里打工”。
9. had been given。意指在霍乱爆发之前,为他们免费提供啤酒喝,强调在过去之前发生
   的动作,且没有动作的执行者,故使用了过去完成时的被动语态。
10. It。属于  it seems that…句型。该句译为“看来水是罪魁祸首”。

3.Unit 2, Book 5  PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

Key:   1. different   2. if   3. it   4. to   5. was accomplished

       6. getting   7. the   8. However  9. away   10. called

解析:

1. different.放在 words 之前充当定语,故使用         differ 的形容词形式。
2. if.if 引导的条件状语从句,表示一种假设。该句译为“如果你学过英国历史,就能弄清
   楚这个问题”。
3. it。只带上句提及到的         England,故使用人称代词,达到避免重复的效果。该句译为
   “威尔士于      13 世纪同英格兰联合了起来”。
4. to。属于“涉及到、提到”,该句译为“如今只要有人提起英格兰,你就会发现威尔士
   总是包括在内”。
5. was accomplished。主从句时态呼应保持一致,使用一般过去时;主句主语                       this 是
    accomplish 动作的承受者,故使用一般过去时的被动语态。该句译为“令人庆幸的是,
    当苏格兰的詹姆斯国王成为英格兰和威尔士的国王时,这三个国家和平地实现了联合”
    。
6. getting。介词   by 之后接名词、代词或动名词充当介词的宾语,故使用                     getting。
7. the。same  在应用过程中,习惯上和定冠词连用。
8. However。上下文构成转折关系,故在句首使用转折衔接词                      however。上下句译为“英
   国政府打算于       20 世纪初把爱尔兰也同另外三个国家和平联合起来以形成联合王国。然
   而,爱尔兰的南部却不愿意分离出去,并建立了自己的政府”。
9. away。break away  表示“分离、脱离”。译文同上。
10. called。充当后置定语修饰       a new flag,且没有   call 的动作执行者,故使用过去分词。
    该句译为“只有北爱尔兰同英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰联合起来,组成了联合王国,这
    一点从新的联合王国称为联合旗帜的国旗上就可以看得出来”。
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4.Unit 2, Book 5  PUZZLES IN GEOGRAPHY

Key:  1. roughly   2. is called   3. as   4. but  5. large

      6. those/ the ones  7. a   8. visitors   9.  historical   10. built

解析:

1. roughly.放在动词    divide 之后且修饰该动词,使用副词充当状语。该句译为“为了方便,
   它大致可以划分为三个地区。
2. is called。上下文时态呼应保持一致,且            call 的动作执行者没有提及到,故使用一般现
   在时的被动语态。该句译为“最靠近法国的那个地区叫做英格兰南部”。
3. as。be known as 表示“作为…而为人所知”。
4. but。上下文构成转折关系,两个主谓结构之间缺少连词,故使用并列连词                              but 连接并
   列句。该句译为“你可以看到英国的大部分人口居住在南部,而多数大工业城市都位
   于中部和北部”。
5. large。原级比较的      as…as…结构在应用中,中间插入形容词或副词的原形。
6. those/the ones。该句译为“尽管,英国任何一个城市都不像中国的城市那么大,但是
   它们都有着自己的享有威名的足球队”,比较双方属于同类不同事物。英语中,表示
   同类不同物或同类不同人时,使用替代词。特指复数可数名词时,使用                              those 或 the 
   ones。
7. a.属于不可数名词可数化的用法,a pity            意指“一件令人感到遗憾的事”。
8. visitors。放在  attract 之后充当宾语,而且根据语境判断,使用               visitor 的复数表示泛指。
   该句译为“很遗憾,这些建于             19 世纪的工业城市对游客并没有吸引力”。
9. historical。在名词   architecture 之前充当定语,故使用形容词。
10. built。在 smaller towns 之后充当定语,动作执行者由           by 短语连接,故使用过去分词。
    该句译为“要找历史性建筑,你得去更古老的、比较小些的由罗马人建造的城镇”。

5.Unit 3, Book 5  FIRST IMPRESSIONS

Key:   1. myself   2. first   3. to   4. However   5. understanding

       6. parents’  7. safely   8. when   9. sleepy  10. was completed


解析:


1. myself.充当  remind 的宾语,且和主语       I 保持一致,故使用        myself。该句译为“我得不
    断提醒自己,我真的已经进入到公元               3008 年了”。
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2. first。属于多个限定词的排列顺序之一,即序数词+数词或数量词+复数名词,the first 
   few days 译为“前几天”。
3. to。属于   be similar to 的应用结构,表示“与…相似”。
4. However。上下文构成转折关系,故使用               however 放在句首,衔接上下句。上下句译
   为“我一开始就感到神经过敏和心神不定。但是我的朋友兼导游王平很细心体
   贴…”。
5. understanding。在系动词     was 之后充当表语,故使用形容词            understanding 表示“体
   贴的”。译文同上。
6. parents’。放在名词     company 之前充当定语,故使用          parents 的名词所有格。
7. safely。修饰动词    transport 充当状语,故使用副词。该句译为“他们把我装在一个时
   间舱里,平安地把我送入了未来”。
8. when。先行词     the moment 在从句中充当定语,故使用关系副词               when 引导定语从句。
   该句译为“我记得那一刻,我们被太空服务员叫到时间舱,爬上去进入一个小门”。
9. sleepy。放在系动词      felt 之后充当表语,故使用        sleepy 表示“昏昏欲睡的”。
10. was completed。complete 的动作执行者没有提及到,且上下文时态呼应保持一致,故
   使用一般过去式的被动语态。该句译为“几分钟之后,旅程就结束了…”。

6.Unit 3, Book 5  FIRST IMPRESSIONS


Key:  1. to tolerate   2. if/though   3. to   4. it   5. a 

     6. my    7. driven   8. bending   9. how  10. was swept

解析:

1. to tolerate。形容词   easy、difficult、hard、impossible、nice、pleasant、
    light、heavy、fit、interesting、important、expensive、cheap、
    dangerous 之后,习惯上使用动词不定式的主动态充当状语。
2. if/though。属于  as if 或 as though 引导的方式状语从句。该句译为“空气似乎很稀薄,
   好像在混合的气体中剩下的氧气很少”。
3. to。属于   make adjustment to 短语,表示“调整”之意。该句译为“正当我想努力调整
    适应新环境时,王平出现了”。
4. it。指代上文提及到的         this mask,为了避免重复,故使用人称代词             it。
5. a。属于不可数名词可数化的用法,rest              与不定冠词搭配表示“休息一会”。类似的有
   for a walk(散一会步)、for a talk(谈一会话)等等。
6. my。属于    on one’s feet 短语,表示“站立”。
7. driven。充当后置定语修饰         carriage,且执行者由     by 短语连接,故使用过去分词。该
    句译为“我就再次站立起来,跟着他去领取了一台由电脑驱动的汽垫车”。
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8. bending。充当介词     by 的宾语,使用动名词         bending。
9. how。不定式中谓宾结构完整,故使用                how 充当不定式的方式状语。该句译为“王平
   系紧了我的安全带,教我如何使用它”。
10. was swept。sweep 的动作执行者没有提及到,且上下文时态呼应保持一致,故使用一
   般过去式的被动语态。该句译为“他被卷入到这群车队中去了”。


7. Unit 4, Book 5   MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT

                  "Unforgettable", says new journalist

Key:  1. delighted   2. an   3. Later   4. What   5. if 

     6. but (also)   7. Only  8. truth   9. missing  10. dos

解析:

1. delighted.过去分词充当表语,表示主语所处的状态,即主语感到如何。该句译为“非
   常欢迎你来参加我们的工作”。
2. an。单数名词表示类别时,和不定冠词搭配。该句译为“你来这首先就是做助理记者”
   。
3. Later。放在句首,充当时间状语,故使用副词。该句译为“以后,你才能独自去进行
   新闻采访并提交自己的新闻稿”。
4. What。问句中缺少及物动词           take 的宾语,且没有范围限定,故使用疑问词                 what 引导
    问句。该句译为“我需要随身带些什么”。
5. if。使用   if 引导的条件状语从句。该句译为“如果你对摄影感兴趣,以后你可以集中精
   力去钻研”。
6. but(also)。属于     not only…but also 连接的并列句,also    可以省略。
7. Only。only  修饰状语且置于句首,句子构成部分倒装。该句译为“你只有提出了许多
   不同的问题之后才有可能获得你需要知道的信息”。
8. truth。属于   tell the truth 短语,表示“说实话、说真相”。
9. missing。放在无生命力的名词之前充当定语,使用现在分词转变而成的形容词,表示
   “遗漏的、遗失的”。该句译为“记者必须通过调查研究,来使自己了解到遗漏的那
   部分情况”。
10. dos。属于   dos and don’ts 短语,表示“该做的和不该做的、行为准则”。该句译为
    “下面是我的行为准则”。

8. Unit 4, Book 5   MY FIRST WORK ASSIGNMENT

                  "Unforgettable", says new journalist
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

Key:   1. what   2. carefully   3. a   4. where   5. of

      6. was accused  7. taking   8. supposed   9. publishing  10. assignment

解析:

1. what。介词    on 之后的宾语从句中,缺少及物动词              say 的宾语,且没有范围限定,故使
    用连接代词     what 引导。该句译为“同时,你还要根据被采访人所说的话准备提出下一
    个问题”。
2. carefully。修饰动词,使用副词充当状语。该句译为“在我记笔记的同时,怎么能仔细
   倾听对方的答话呢?”
3. a。单数名词表示类别时,与不定冠词搭配。该句译为“这就是职业的诀窍了”。
4. where。先行词     case 在从句中相当于地点,故使用关系副词               where 引导定语从句,表
   示“在这种情况下”。该句译为“你有没有过这种情况:别人控告你的记者,说他的
   报道失实?”。
5. of。属于   accuse somebody of something 结构,表示“指控某人某事”。
6. was accused。没有提及     accuse 的动作执行者,且上下文时态呼应保持一致,故使用一
   般过去时的被动语态。该句译为“一位足球运动员被指控受贿,故意不进球,好让对
   方球队赢球”。
7. taking。属于   deny doing sth。结构,表示“否定做某事”。该句译为“他否认收了钱,
   但我们对此表示怀疑”。
8. supposed。没有提及     suppose 的动作执行者,故使用过去分词短语充当后置定语。该句
   译为“于是,我们安排这名队员和被认为行贿的人一起接受采访”。
9. publishing。属于   stop somebody from doing something 结构。主动语态中,可以省略
   from,保留动词的       ing 形式。
10. assignment。充当介词    to 的宾语,使用     assign 的名词。该句译为“我期盼着即将到来
    的首次任务”。

9.Unit 5, Book 5  FIRST AID FOR BURNS

Key:   1. which/ that   2. harmful   3. or   4. losing   5. burned

       6. treatment    7. variety    8. are called   9. caused  10. to heal

解析:

1. which/that。先行词是     three layers of skin,且从句中缺少  act 的主语,故使用
   which 或 that 引导定语从句。该句译为“皮肤有三层,它们是防病、防毒、抵御太阳
   有害光线侵害的一道屏障”。
2. harmful。充当定语修饰       rays,故使用形容词。译文同上。
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3. or。空白处前后的       warm  和 cool 形成对比,故使用表示选择的并列连词                or。该句译为
   “皮肤可以保暖或御寒,保持体内水分”。
4. losing。介词   from 接名词、代词或动名词充当介词的宾语。
5. burned。被动语态的基本构成形式为“be/get+及物动词的过去分词”。该句译为“如
   果你的皮肤烧伤了,就可能非常严重”。
6. treatment。充当介词     in 的宾语,且和定冠词连用,故使用              treat 的名词形式。
7. variety。属于   a variety of 搭配,表示“各种各样的”。
8. are called。没有提及    call 的动作执行者,且上下文时态呼应保持一致,故使用一般现
   在时的被动语态。
9. caused。执行者由     by 短语连接,故使用过去分词充当后置定语。该句译为“例如轻度
    的烧伤,由于短暂接触热锅、火炉或熨斗而导致的烫伤”。
10. to heal。该句属于   sth. takes (sb.) some time to do 句型。该句型中的不定式习惯上使用
   主动态表达被动含义。该句译为“这类烧伤属于严重的烧伤,需要几个星期才能痊愈”
   。

 10. Unit 5, Book 5  FIRST AID FOR BURNS

Key:   1. is stuck   2. but   3. running   4. unbearable   5. a

       6. placing   7. gently   8. infected   9. higher   10. it 


解析:

1. is stuck。没有提及    stick 的动作执行者,且按照“主将从现”的原则,故使用一般现在
   时的被动语态。该句译为“除非衣服粘贴在烧伤面上,否则都要把它脱掉”。
2. but。使用表示转折关系的并列连词连接并列的宾语。该句译为“马上用凉水给伤口冲
   凉,但不能用冰水”。
3. running。放在    water 之前充当定语,强调进行的动作或说明中心词的性质特点,故使
   用现在分词。该句译为“做好把烧伤的部位放在慢速流动的自来水下冲洗大约                                 10 分钟”
   。
4. unbearable。放在连系动词       become 之后,使用     bear 的形容词   bearable;根据上下文,
   表示否定含义,故加上否定前缀              un。该句译为“凉水可以阻止烧伤的进程,可以防止
   无法忍受的疼痛,还可以减轻肿胀程度”。
5. a。属于量词      a basin of 的搭配,表示“一盆”。
6. placing。介词   by 之后,由    and 连接的并列宾语,故使用动词的             ing 形式。
7. gently。修饰动词,故使用副词充当状语。
8. infected。属于“get+过去分词”构成的被动语态。该句译为“因为这会使里面的热散
   不出去,而且还可能导致感染”。
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9. higher。连词   than 之前,使用形容词的比较级。该句译为“如果烧伤的部位在臂部或
    腿部,尽可能把手臂或腿脚抬高到高于心脏的位置”。
10. it。属于  it is vital to do sth.句型,it 是形式主语,真正的主语是动词不定式。该句译为
   “如果属于二度或三度烧伤,就必须立即把患者送往医院或送去看医生”。
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