网校教育资源平台

人教版新课标 高考英语第一轮复习教案 ---- 定语从句

评价文档:
文档评论: 0

相关文档推荐

浙江省杭州市2019届高三英语上学期模拟卷一201812130280
免费
2019高考英语二轮复习600分策略专题2七选五阅读课件20181216246
免费
天津专用2019高考英语二轮增分策略考前冲刺卷一20181216342
免费
2019高考英语二轮复习600分策略专题2七选五阅读素能强化20181216210
免费
浙江省杭州市2019届高三英语上学期模拟卷三201812130279
免费
浙江省杭州市2019届高三英语上学期模拟卷二201812130278
免费
天津专用2019高考英语二轮增分策略专题四阅读表达课件201812163134
免费
2019高考英语二轮复习600分策略专题2七选五阅读即时巩固2018121629
免费
天津专用2019高考英语二轮增分策略考前冲刺卷二20181216341
免费
天津专用2019高考英语二轮增分策略专题四阅读表达优选习题20181216362
免费
浙江省杭州市2019届高三英语上学期周末自测卷(打包6套)
免费
(天津专用)2019高考英语二轮增分策略专题二完形填空(课件试题)(打包8套)
免费
(江苏专用)2019高考英语二轮增分策略专题二完形填空(课件试题)(打包8套)
免费
(江苏专用)2019高考英语二轮增分策略专题四任务型阅读(课件试题)(打包8套)
免费
内蒙古开鲁县蒙古族中学2018_2019学年高二英语上学期期中测试试题(打包9套)
免费
2019高考英语二轮复习600分策略专题5书面表达(课件试题)(打包12套)
免费
2019高考英语二轮复习600分策略专题3完形填空(课件试题)(打包12套)
免费
(江苏专用)2019高考英语二轮增分策略专题五书面表达(课件试题)(打包16套)
免费
2019高考英语二轮复习600分策略专题1阅读理解(课件试题)(打包13套)
免费
浙江省杭州市十八中2019届高三英语上学期周末检测卷(打包13套)
免费

高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
分享到:
0积分 下载
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

一.  教学内容:
    定语从句

二.  教学过程:


(一)定语从句的意义[来源:学§科§网]
(二)定语从句的引导词:who, whom, which, that, as, when, where, why, whose.
(三)定语从句引导词选用原则:
  1. 先行词是人是物
  2. 先行词在从句中的成分或作用


    She is a girl who is eight years old.[来源:Zxxk.Com]
    Xi’an, which I visited last year, is a very beautiful city.
    I will never forget the days when we stayed together.

(四)定语从句的使用
  1. 先行词是物
    This is a historical museum which /that I visited last month.
    This is a historical museum in which / where you can enjoy yourself.
    I like this book of which the cover / the cover of which / whose cover is green.
    I didn’t believe the reason which / that you gave me.
    I didn’t believe the reason w hy / for which you were late.
    I will never forget the day which / that I spent by the sea.
    I will never forget the day when / on which I met you.
  2. 先行词是人
    He is a gentleman who / that is loved by his students.
    He is a gentleman who/ whom/ that his students love very much.
    Do you know the girl who is in red?
    Do you know the girl whose coat/ of whom the coat/ the coat of whom is red?
  3. 引导词只能用      that 的情况
    A 先行词是不定代词或有不定代词修饰时
    You can take any seat that is free.
    I will help anyone that are in trouble.
    I have read all the magazine that you lend to me.
    There is still much that can be important.
    Tell us all that you know.
    B 先行词是序数词或有序数词修饰时
    Changjiang River is the largest river that I have ever seen. 
    This is the first composition that I have written in English.
    He is the first to hand in his homework.
    C 先行词是最高级或有最高级修饰时
    This is the best that has been used to fight against pollution.
    He asked for the best book that there was on the subject.
    D 先行词既指人又指物
    Everyone wants to see the spaceship and the spacemen that flew around the earth.
    I like the writer and his works that is popular with teenagers nowadays.
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    E 先行词在从句中作表语时
    My hometown is not the place that it used to be.
    比较:He is not what he used to be.
    F 先行词有    the only / the very 修饰时
    He is the very person that I am looking for.
    You are not the only student that can do it well.
    G which / that 引导的特殊疑问句中的定语从句
    Which of the two cows that you  keep produces more milk?
    Who is the boy student that is reading over there?
    H 定语从句中又套有定语从句,其中一个已经用了                     which / who 时
    He built a factory which produced things that had never been seen before.
    I 先行词有    the same 修饰时
    He is wearing the same coat that I bought for him yesterday.
    比较:He is wearing the same coat as I lost yesterday.
  4. 引导词只能用      which 的情况
    A 非限定性定语从句中
    All the books are written by him, which have beautiful pictures in them.
    B 引导词指逗号前整句话的意思时
    He said the work would be done by July, which I personally doubt.
    She is always speaking highly of her role, which makes other unhappy.
    The earth is round, which /as is known to all.
    C 介词后
    Do you know the house in which the lady lived?
    Do you know the man from whom you can learn a lot?
  5. 引导词只能用      as 的情况
    I have never seen such kind of people as they are.
    I received as nice a gift as my mother promised.
    She was wearing the same dress as I lost yesterday.
    As is reported, talks between the two countries are making progress.
    Mary was late for school, as is often the case.
    注意与   which 的区别
    She has married again, which is unexpected.
                       as is expected.
  6. 先行词是专有名词或独一无二的物质名词时,通常都用非限定性定语从句
    The sun, which gives us light and heat, is very big.
  7. 先行词和从句之间有无逗号会引起句子意思的变化
    He said nothing that made me unhappy.
    He said nothing, which made me unhappy.
  8. 容易混淆的句型
  9. 定语从句的主谓一致问题。

【模拟试题】(答题时间:60                分钟)
  1. The place _______interested me most was the Children’s Palace. 
    A. Which    B. where C. what   D. in which
                中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

2. Do you know the man _ ______?
  A. whom I spoke     B. to who spoke C. I spoke to  D. that I spoke
3. This is the hotel _______last month. 
  A. which they stayed   B. at that they stayed  
  C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed
4. Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded?
  A. which    B. that    C. when     D. on which
5. That is the day ______I’ll never forget. 
  A. which    B. on which    C. in which     D. when
6. The factory ______we’ll visit next week is not far from here. 
  A. where    B.  to which   C. which    D. in which
7. Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working. 
  A. where    B. that    C. which    D. there
8. This is one of the best films _______. 
  A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown


  C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked[来源:Zxxk.Com]
9. Can you lend me the book ______the o ther day?
  A. about which you talked B. which you talked
  C. about that you talked D. that you talked
10. The pen ______he is writing is mine. 
  A. with which   B. in which    C. on which     D. by which
11. They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. 
  A. whom     B. who     C. which     D. that
12. The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. 
  A. to whom      B. on whom     C. with which   D. with whom
13. It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country?
  A. who      B. who’s   C. which    D. whose
14. I’m interested in ______you have said . 
  A. all that     B. all what    C. that      D. which
15. I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. 
  A. which    B. who     C. what     D. as
16. He isn’t such a man ______he used to be. 
  A. who      B. whom    C. that     D. as
17. He is good at English, ______we all know. 
  A. that     B. as      C. whom     D. what
18. Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much. 
  A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D. I went with him
19. I don’t like ______ as you read. 
  A. the novels   B. the such novels C. such novels  D. same novels
20. He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school. 
  A. which    B. that    C. whom     D. what
21. The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. 
  A. which    B. that    C. whom     D. who
22. In our factory there are 2, 000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A. them     B. which   C. whom     D. who
  23. You’re the only person ______I’ve ever met ______could do it. 
    A. who;/    B. /; whom     C. whom;/       D. /; who
  24. I lost a book, ______I can’t remember now. 
    A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that
  25. Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. 
    A. for which    B. for that    C. in which     D. what
  26. I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. 
    A. that     B. which   C. as       D. it
  27. I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent 
together. 
    A. when; which  B. which; when C. what; that   D. on which; when
  28. The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. 
    A. which    B. whose   C. what     D. /
  29. This is the reason ______he didn’t come to the meeting. 
    A. in which     B. with which  C. that     D. for which
  30. This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. 
    A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after
    C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after
  31. The reason ______he didn’t come was ______he was ill. 
    A. why; that     B. that; why  C. for that; that D. for which; what
  32. He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam. 
    A. that     B. which   C. for which D. who
  33. That is not the way ______I do it. 
    A. /    B. which    C. for which   D. with which
  34. I have two grammars, ______are of great use. 
    A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which
  35. I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago. 
    A. as was   B. which was   C. as were  D. which
  36. My neighbours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them. 
    A. who  B. which C. that D. it 
  37. This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph. 
    A. that B. which C. from that D. from which 
  38. He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done. 
    A. that B. which C. who    D. as 
  39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes. 
    A. /    B. why      C. when    D. whose 
  40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular. 
    A. that B. which C. it D. though 
  41. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened?
    --- Yes, he told me all  _______ he knew. 
    A. what; that   B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that 
  42. I shall never forget those years ____ I lived on the farm with the farmers, __ has a great 
effect on my life. 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    A. when; who    B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which 
  43. The number of the people who _______ cars ____ increasing. 
    A. owns; are    B. owns; is    C. own; is      D. own; are 
  44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns. 
    A. followed     B. following   C. to follow    D. that followed 
  45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn?
    A. that     B. /    C. which   D. it 
  46. The clever boy made a hole in t he wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside 
house. 
    A. which; what  B. through which; what C. through that; what D. what; that 
  47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week?
    A. this school B. this the school C. this school one D. this school where 
  48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. 
    A. as       B. that    C. what     D. who 
  49. I have bought two ball pens, _______ writes well. 
    A. none of them B. neither of them C. neither of which D. none of which 
  50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up. 
   A. are being     B. has been    C. had been     D. have been
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

【试题答案】
  1. A. which 用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。
  2.C. "和谁讲话”要说       speak to sb. 本题全句应为    Do you know the man whom I spoke to. 
。whom  是关系代词,作介词         to 的宾语,可以省略。
  3. D. where 是关系副词,表示地点,在定语从句中作地点状语。
  4. C. when 是关系副词,表示时间,在定语从句中作时间状语。
  5.A. which 是关系代词,在从句中作           forget 的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。
  6.C.  解析同第    5 题。
  7. A. 解析见第   3 题。
  8. A. 本句话的先行词应该是         films, 因此,关系代词     that 是复数概念,其谓语动词应用复
数的被动语态      have been shown。如果句中的      one 前面使用了定冠词       the,则  the one 应该视
为先行词。
  9. A. “谈到某事物”应说        talk about sth. 。about 是介词,其后要用    which 作宾语,不能
用  that。
  10. A. with which 是"介词+关系代词"结构,      常用来引导定语从句.         with 有"用"的意思,    介
词之后只能用      which, 不能用   that. with which 在定语从句中作状语,      即  he is writing with a 
pen. 
  11. C. in front of which 即 in front of a farmhouse. In front of which 在从句中作状语. 
  12. D. with whom 引导定语从句.     with whom 放在从句中即为:my        father works with the 
engineer. 
  13. D. whose 引导定语从句,    在从句中作主语       family 的定语. 
  14. A. that 引导定语从句,   因为先行词是      all, 所以只能选用     that 引导. 
  15. D. the same… as 是固定用法, as 引导定语从句时,       可以作主语,     宾语或表语.     在本句话
中, as 作从句的主语. 
  16. D. such… as 是固定用法,    as 引导定语从句时,       可以作主语,     宾语或表语.      在本题中, 
as 作表语. 
  17. B. as 作关系代词可以单独用来引导非限制性定语从句。这时                     as 所指代的不是主句中
某个名词,而往往指代整个主句的含义。as                 在从句中可以作主语、宾语。从句可放在主句
后,也可置于主句前。在本句中, as            作宾语. 
  18. B. Li Ming enjoyed it very much 是主句, with whom I went to the concert 是定语从句. 
with whom 放在从句中为:I went to the concert with Li Ming. 
  19. C.  as 引导定语从句时通常构成          such…as 或 the same…as 固定搭配,其中        such 和
same 修饰其后的名词,as       为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。                     as 在从句中可以
作主语、表语或宾语。Such          修饰单数名词时,       要用   such a…, 本题中   such books, such 直接
修饰复数名词. 
  20. B. things 和 persons 是先行词. 当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示人,               又表示物的名
词时,   其关系代词要用       that. 
  21. D. who 引导非限制性定语从句, who       作从句的主语. 
  22. C. two thirds of whom 即:two thirds of the 2, 000 workers. 
  23. D.   先行词   person 后有两个定语从句,        第一个从句省略了关系代词            whom.   因为, 
whom  作从句中    met 的宾语,   可以省略.    第二个从句      who could do it. who 在从句中作主语, 


不可省略. [来源:学科网]
  24. A. whose title 引导非限制性定语从句, whose title  也可以说成     the title of which
  25. A. for which 引导定语从句,    使用介词    for, 是来自于从句中的固定短语           be famous for 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

“以……. .   而闻名”. 
  26. C. 当先行词被    such 修饰时,  引导定语从句的关系代词要用             as. as 在本从句中作主语. 
  27. A. 两个先行词     the day 都是表示时间的名词,       但第一个空白处要填的关系词在从句中
作状语,   因此要用关系副词        when. 第二个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作动词                   spent 的宾语, 
因此要用关系代词        which 或 that 来引导定语从句. 
  28. D. 在 way、distance、direction 等词后的定语从句中,常用         that 来代替“in (或其他介
词)+which”、when   或  where,而  that 常可省略。
  29. D. for which 在定语从句中作原因状语,       可用   why 来替代. 
  30. B. which I have looked after 构成一个非限制性定语从句. 
  31. A. The reason why… was that…. 已成为一种固定句型,这一句中的             why 和 that 不能
随意换位,也不能将         that 改成 because,尽管  that 这个词在译文中可能有         “因为”的含义。

  32. B. 非限制性定语从句常用         which 引导, which 表示前句话的整个含义. 
  33. A. 解释见  28 题. 
  34. D. 主句中的    two 表明不能选    A.  从句中的    are 表明不能选    B. both of which 用来引导
非限制性定语从句. 
  35. C.  as 引导定语从句时通常构成          such…as 或 the same…as 固定搭配,其中        such 和
same 修饰其后的名词,as       为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。as                   在从句中可以作
主语、表语或宾语。本题中            as 作从句的主语. 
  36. B. 非限制性定语从句常用         which 引导, which 表示前句话的整个含义. 
  37. D. 
  38. D. 解析见  35 题. 
  39. A. he makes 是定语从句,  从句前省略了关系代词          that. 
  40. B. which is a bad habit 非限制性定语从句. 
  41. A. what happened 是宾语从句. all 之后  that he knew 是定语从句.   先行词是    all, 所以关
系代词只能用      that. 
  42. D. years 是表示时间的名词,      用 when 引导定语从句,       是因为   when 在从句中作时间状
语.  第二个空选用      which, 引导一个非限制性定语从句. 
  43. C. 本句话的定语从句是        who own cars. 其先行词是    people, 因此,  定语从句的谓语动
词要用复数的      own。本句话主句的主语是           The number of 指“……的数目”,是单数概念。
因此,主句的谓       语动词要用     is。
  44. D. that followed 是定语从句,关系代词     that 在从句中作主语。
  45. A. 先行词  gas 被 only 修饰,关系代词要用        that,而不用   which。
  46. B. through which 引导定语从句,through which  即 through the hole, 在定语从句中作状
语。What   引导的是    see 的宾语从句,并作从句的主语。
  47. B. 为便于理解,改写本句话:This           is the school that some German friends visited last 
week.  不难看出,作表语的         the school 是先行词。that  引导定语从句,因为         that 同时又作
visited 的宾语,所以被省略了。其他选项结构不对。
  48. A. 解释见  35 题。
  49. C. 因为是  two ball pens, 并且定语从句的谓语       writes 是单数概念。因此,C       是正确选
项。
  50. B. 本句话中,主句的主语是           all, 为抽象概念。因此,其谓语应用单数的               has been。
关系代词    that 引导定语从句,并在从句中作主语。
中国现代教育网         www.30edu.com    全国最大教师交流平台
0积分下载