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2017高三英语Agreement主谓一致的课件和习题必修4

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主谓一致
 ㈠就近一致原则(2点)
㈡语法一致原则(6点)
 ㈢ 个体一致原则(8点)
 ㈣ 意义一致原则(8点)
㈠就近一致
就近 一致
  ㈡语法一致
1.主语+with (together with, along with,), 
as well as, including, rather than, besides, 
except, but, in addition to, other than ,like ,not 
ect.结构中,谓语与主语一致
2.不定式,动名词或从句作主语时,谓语动词
用单数
Eg:1.) Serving the people is my great happiness.
2.)When we deliver the goods hasn‘t been
    decided.
3.)When and where we will go hasn’t been 
     decided.
*但当what引导的句子做主语,若后面是 
“be +名词”的结构时,谓语随名词变化。
Eg:    1.)What you did was right.
         2.)What you need are these dictionaries.
3.定语从句中,“one of +复数名词+定语从句”从
句的谓语动词复数。
  若在one of 前有the, the only, the very修饰时,
从句的谓语动词则用单数。

Eg:1.)She is one of these women who _____theplay  
      violin well.
2.)She is the one of these women who ______theplays  
    violin well.
4.定语从句中主语是关系代词who, that, which
时,从句谓语动词应与先行词保持一致。
Eg: I, who ____youram  teacher, will teach you 
everything I know.
5.在强调句中,如被强调的是句子的主语时,
则that/who后面的谓语动词应与被强调的主语
一致
eg: 1.)It is Mike who always _____helps  me to study 
 maths  after class.
2.)It was I rather than they that _____was  punished by 
the boss.
6.half of…./the rest of…../part of…/
plenty of…/分数(%)+of…..等作主语,
谓语动词随of后的名词而变化。
  ㈢ 个体一致
1.由and连接的并列主语如果指的是同一人、
同一物或同一概念,谓语动词用单数,这时
 and 后面的名词前没有冠词。
 Eg.1.) TheThe  writerwriter  andand  teacherteacher  isis    herher  uncleuncle .
2.) A poet and artist is coming to deliver a 
  speech.
3.) My classmate and friend ____goingis  to pay a 
visit to me.
4.) A fork and knife is on the table.
5.)War and peace is often people’s topic.
 a knife and fork一副刀叉; 
 bread and butter加黄油的面包; 
 coffee and milk加牛奶的咖啡; 
 whisky and soda 汽水
 salt and water 盐水
 a needle and thread针线;
 a horse and cart四轮马车; 
 a watch and chain表链; 
 a coat and tie;
 war and peace战争与和平; 
 truth and honesty;
medical help and cure        aim and end目的
2. and连接的两个或多个主语前如有each, 
every, no, many a(许多)等修饰时,谓语用
单数。
Eg.  
1.)Every tree and (every) flower is to be cut 
  down.
2.)No sound and no voice is heard.
3.) Many a boy and girl has made the same
    mistake.
4.) In our country each boy and (each) girl has 
   right to receive education. 
3.表示时间,金钱,距离,重量等复数名词
表示单位数量作主语时,被看作整体时谓语
用单数。
 eg: Sixty years is a long time.
   Ten dollars is enough for him.
   Three thousand miles is a long distance.
   Fifty kilograms is not too long to be carried.
*如强调具体数目,则用复数。
   One hundred cents make a dollar.
  More than fifty years have passed since they
      got married.
4. “many a +单数名词
     /more than one+单数名词
    /one and a half +单数名词”作主语,
谓语动词用单数
eg:
1.) many a foreigner has been to the Great Wall.
2.)More than one student has turned up at the 
    meeting.
3.) One and a half banana was eaten by the boy.
5.由some, any, every, no构成的不定代词,谓语
动词用单数
6. each of…/either of…./one of…谓语动词
用单数.
none of…/neither of…可单可复,根据说话
人的意思决定;*但代表不可数名词时,用
单数
eg: 1.)None of us are/is perfect.
 2.) Neither of them know/knows the answer.
 3.) None of this worries me.
    /None of this money is mine.
*neither作形容词时与单数名词连用,
谓语动词用单数。
  Neither statement was true.
7.主语是书名,剧名,报纸名,国名等复数
形式的名词,仍为个体,谓语用单数
  The United States is a developed country.

8.带引号的词语作主语,谓语单数
  “I” is the ninth letter of the English alphabet.
    ㈣意义一致

1.集合名词family, class, team, group, crowd,
audience, company, army, enemy, government,
population…作主语,
若强调整体,谓语动词用单数
若强调个体,谓语动词则用复数 eg:书p5

2.集合名词cattle, clothes, people, the police表
示复数意义谓语动词永远复数.
 people 民族(可数名词,peoples)
3.主语是单复数同形的名词deer, sheep, fish鱼,
series系列, species物种, means手段, works工厂, 
aircraft飞行器, ect.时,
视其表达的意义而判断谓语动词的单复数。
Eg: 1.) A new means has been used .
2.) Many means have not come into effect.

4.以-s结尾的一些词the Olympic Games,
manners, remains, earnings, belongings, goods,
surroundings, winnings, leavings, ect.表示复数
意义,谓语动词用复数
5.physics, politics, mathematics等一些以“-ics”
结尾的词,指学科时属单数,谓语动词用单数。
eg. 1.) Physics is not difficult to learn.
2.)Mathematics is a subject studied in nearly 
    every school.

注:若指某学科能力,成绩,应用等或
非学科含义时被看作复数,谓语常用复数。
  MyMy  mathematicsmathematics  areare  weekweek.. 
   What are your politics政治信仰/见解?
6.成双成对出现的复数名词如glasses, shoes, 
trousers, pants, gloves, socks, slippers, 
scissors等作主语时,谓语通常用复数,
 *但如果前有a/the pair of, a/the suit of等词语
修饰时,谓语动词与pair, suit等一致,用单
数。
  Eg.
  1) My trousers are very nice.
  2)A pair of shoes is under the bed. 
7.主语是疑问代词who, what, which,不定代词
all, more, most, any, none等以及名词half, 
part, the rest等既可表示复数意义又可表示
单数意义,其谓语视它们所代指的名词而定。 
Eg:
1.)Which is more valuable, health or wealth?
2.)Which are prettier, these or those?
3.) we had some paper, but the rest was put
   back.
8. “the+形容词”做主语时,表示一类人或物时,
谓语动词为复数;
表示具体一个个体时,谓语动词为单数。
Eg.
1) The young are better at learning new things.
  2) The young is my uncle.
*the +adj.表示一类抽象概念时,谓语也单数
   The new is sure to replace the old.
  The complicate is difficult to understand.
1. 90题21    A library with five   thousand books____ to the nation as             
   a gift.
       A. is offered        B. has offered    C. are offered    D. have offered
2. 89题27    Not only I but also Jane and Mary ____ tired of having  
   one examination after another.
      A. is        B. are        C. am         D. be
3. 87题15    All but one ____ here just now.
       A. is     B.was      C. has been      D. were

   答案
                           Multiple choice:

1. On the wall______ two large portraits.
   A. hangs    B. hang     C. hanged     D. hanging     (C85)
2. “News of victories _____ pouring in as our army advances,”
   the company commander said.
   A. keep      B. keeps     C. kept       D. have kept       (C85)
3. There _____ a lot of milk in the bottle.
   A. are         B. is         C. were          D. has               (C86)
4. Zhang’s family  ____ rather big, with twelve people in all.
   A. is           B. are        C. being        D. was              (C85)
5. Nobody but Jane ____ the secret.
   A. know    B. knows   C. have known    D. is known   (C86 )
                               Multiple choice:
6. All but one _____ here just now.
    A. is         B. was        C. has been    D. were     (C87 NO.45)
7. A library with five thousand books ____ to the nation as a gift.
    A. is offered   B. has offered   C. are offered   D. have offered   
                                                                               (C90 NO.20)
8. Not only I but also Jane and Mary __ tired of having one exam 
after  another.
    A. is      B. are       C. am     D. be                       (C89 NO.27)
9. The number of people invited ____ fifty, but a number of them
 ____ absent for different reasons.
   A. were; was     B. was; was     C. was; were     D. were; were  
                                                                                  (C 96 NO.14)
10. When and where to build the new factory _____ yet.
              A. is not decided          B. are not decided
              C. has not decided       D. have not decided
Have a rest
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