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2019高考英语一轮复习新人教版选修6 练习题Unit4Globalwarming含解析

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                               A healthy life

                                     李仕才
 一、阅读理解

    Grey clouds move as low as smoke over the treetops at Lolo Pass. The ground 

is white. The day is June 10.It has been snowing for the past four days in the 

Bitterroot Mountains. Wayne Fairchild is getting worried about our trek over the 

Lolo Trail-95 miles from Lolo Montana to Weippe in Idaho, across the roughest 

country in the West. Lewis and Clark were nearly defeated 200 years ago by 

snowstorms on the Lolo. Today Fairchild is nervously checking the weather reports. 

He has agreed to take me across the toughest, middle section of the trail.

    When Lewis climbed on top of Lemhi Pass,140 miles south of Missoula, on 

Aug.12,1805,he was astonished by what was in front of him; "high mountain chains 

still to the West of us with their tops partially covered with snow." Nobody in 

what was then the US knew the Rocky Mountains existed, with peaks twice as high 

as anything in the Appalachians back East.

    Today their pathway through those mountains holds more attraction than any 

other ground over which they traveled, for its raw wilderness is an evidence to 

the character of two cultures: the explorers who braved its hardships and the 

Native Americans who prize and conserve the path as a sacred (神圣的)gift. It 

remains today the same condition as when Lewis and Clark walked it.

    The Lolo is passable only from July to mid-September. Our luck is holding 

with the weather, although the snow keeps getting deeper. As we climb to Indian 

Post Office, the highest point on the trail at 7,033 ft, we have covered 13 miles 

in soft snow, and we hardly have enough energy to make dinner. After a meal of 

chicken, I sit on a rock on top of the ridge (山脊).There is no light visible in 

any direction, not even another campfire. For four days we do not see another 

human being. We are occupied with the things that mix fear with joy. In our 

imagination we have finally caught up with Lewis and Clark.

1. We learn from the text that before 1805          .

  A. The Rocky Mountains were wholly covered with snow
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  B. there were no people living in the western part of America

  C.no Americans knew of the existence of the Rocky Mountains

  D. the Appalachians were the western frontier of the United States

2.We learn from the text that the Lolo Pass           .

  A. has changed a lot since 1805   

  B.is the meeting point of three cultures

  C. remains much the same as it was 200 years ago 

  D. now attracts a large number of tourists to visit

3.Judging from the text, Lewis and Clark were most probably           .

  A. two native Indians    

  B. explorers of the early 19th century

  C. merchants who did business with the Indians

  D. travelers whose curiosity took them over the Lolo Pass

4.We can infer from the text that when crossing the Lolo Pass the author           .

  A. was attempting the impossible  

  B. was trying to set a world record

  C. was following the trail of Lewis and Clark 

  D. was fighting with weather and taking unnecessary risks

    【文章大意】本文纪录的是一次追寻前人足迹的探险,尽管天气、路程等的艰难,但是

在作者看来却是已经赶上了以前的探险者。

1.C  【解析】细节理解题。根据第二段               Nobody in what was then the US knew the Rocky 

      Mountains existed, with peaks twice as high as anything in the Appalachians 

      back East.可知答案为     C。

2.C 【解析】细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句                   It remains today the same condition as 

      when Lewis and Clark walked it.可知答案为    C。


 4.C     【解析】推理判断题。根据最后一段的描述可知,作者他们是沿着                            Lewis    and 
 Clark 的足迹进行探险的。
 二、教材与语法填空
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    根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

    It’s  easy for you to  start smoking, but once you become addicted to it, 
you may find 1.___________  difficult for you to quit. Firstly, you may become 
2.___________ (physical) addicted to nicotine.  Secondly, you may develop the 
habit of smoking and finally become mentally addicted to it.
    Smoking may have all kinds of 3.___________ (harm) effects on the health of 
both  the  smokers  themselves  and  non­smokers around  them.  It  not  only 
4.___________  (affect) your physical fitness, but also does harm 5.___________  
your heart  and lungs and causes  a variety of diseases. Being  a smoker, the 
offensive smell  and appearance of you  may drive people around  you away. So 
it’s important that one quit smoking and live a 6.___________  (health) life.
    To quit smoking,  you should be well­prepared and make a  list of all the 
7.___________  (benefit) you may get after quitting. 8.___________  (develop) 
some new habits like listening to music, reading novels or doing housework may 
distract your attention and help you to forget your need for  a cigarette. But 
if you really feel bad, you should consult 9.___________  doctor or chemist to 
get some professional help. Remember, if you keep 10.___________  (try),  you 
will eventually succeed.
答案:1.it 2.physically 3.harmful 4.affects 5.to 

6.healthy 7.benefits 8.Developing 9.a 10.trying

三、完形填空

    I spent last summer volunteering at a hospital.It was a gift to __1__ so 
many amazing people and I'd like to share one of these moments.One day,I was 

called to a room where a(n) __2__ woman was staying.Usually I helped with __3__ 
who were ready to leave.Instead,she __4__ to go to the gift shop.I got a 
__5__,helped her into it,and headed down to the entrance.
    When we got there,it wasn't open yet.After a 30­minute __6__,we entered 
the gift shop.As I pushed her around,I could see the __7__ in her face as she 
looked at everything,happy to be out of her room.She __8__ some window 
decorations,and then saw chocolates.She asked me to push her in that __9__,

and then I helped her __10__ all the different chocolate arrangements. __11__ 
she decided on three different boxes.
    She told me to write the numbers 1,2,and 3 on the boxes.She __12__ that 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

the nurses were taking such good care of her,so she __13__ chocolates for each 

of the three shifts of nurses.As we gave the current shift of nurses their box 
of chocolates,they __14__ offered some to me before taking some themselves.

    There were __15__ all around.Witnessing the old lady's __16__ and getting 
the opportunity to spend time with someone who got so much joy from life were a 
__17__ in itself.I have so many more stories,and each person made an impact on 

my life.I've __18__ that health has a way of bringing people together.__19__ is 
a blessing,and being in a place where health is so __20__ and appreciated is 

unlike anything else.
    1.A.introduce      B.meet
       C.attract       D.describe
    2.A.elderly        B.strange
       C.important     D.famous
    3.A.nurses         B.kids
       C.patients       D.parents
    4.A.pretended      B.wanted
       C.failed        D.promised
    5.A.car            B.shopping cart
       C.wheelchair    D.bike
    6.A.ride           B.walk
       C.drive         D.wait
    7.A.relief          B.anxiety
       C.joy          D.puzzle
    8.A.chose          B.made
       C.used         D.received
    9.A.manner        B.case
       C.direction      D.point
    10.A.prepare for     B.make up
        C.figure out    D.look through
    11.A.Suddenly     B.Eventually
        C.Fortunately  D.Actually
    12.A.explained     B.declared
        C.expected    D.imagined
    13.A.exchanged    B.designed
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        C.tasted      D.bought
    14.A.in fact       B.at a loss
        C.in turn     D.at ease
    15.A.whispers     B.smiles
        C.shouts     D.cheers
    16.A.kindness    B.choice
        C.decision   D.loneliness
    17.A.lesson      B.chance
        C.gift       D.fact
    18.A.concluded     B.imagined
        C.predicted    D.learned
    19.A.Health       B.Luck
        C.Virtue      D.Praise
    20.A.tested       B.valued
        C.maintained  D.promoted
    【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文。文章讲述了作者在医院做义工的经历,老人的善良
和快乐让作者领悟到健康是福的道理。
    1.B 上文提到作者在医院做义工,下文又提到分享故事,由此可知,此处指“见到”
许多了不起的人。故选          B 项。
    2.A 从下文     16 空前的“old lady's”可知,此处指“上了年纪的”。故选                    A 项。
    3.C 从语境可知,此处指作者作为医院的义工,通常帮助那些准备离开的“病人”
。故选   C 项。
    4.B 上文提到作者通常帮助那些准备离开的病人。结合                       Instead“反而”可知,此
处老人并不是准备离开,而是想去礼品店。故选                    B 项。
    5.C 从下文     7 空前的“As I pushed her around”可知,此处指“轮椅”。故选
C 项。
    6.D 前一句提到“当我们到达礼品店时,商店还没有开门”,可以推断此处指                                 30 分
钟的“等待”。故选         D 项。
    7.C 从空后的“happy to be out of her room”可知,此处指“高兴”。故选                    C 项。

    8.A 上文提到“she looked at everything”,接下来应是“选择”。故选                    A 项。
    9.C 结合语境可知,此处指老人要求作者推着她朝巧克力的方向走去。故选                                C 项。
    10.D 根据空后的“all the different chocolate arrangements”可以推出,此处
指作者帮老人“浏览”了所有不同的巧克力的布置。故选                        D 项。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    11.B 在作者帮老人浏览完后,“最终”老人做出了决定。故选                          B 项。
    12.A 上文提到老人购买了三种不同盒子的巧克力并让作者在上面写上数字。接下来
是老人向作者解释为何这样做。故选                A 项。
    13.D 老人解释说护士们如此精心地照顾她,所以她为轮班的护士“买”了巧克力。
故选   D 项。
    14.C 当作者他们给当前值班护士巧克力时,值班护士转而给了作者一些。故选                                 C 项。

    15.B 从下文     17 空前的“who got so much joy from life”可知,此处指“微笑”
。故选   B 项。
    16.A 结合上文老人的行为不难看出,老人是一个善良的人。故选                           A 项。
    17.C 此处指作者的感慨:能和从生活中得到如此多快乐的人在一起本身就是一个
“礼物”,和上文第一段的“It was a gift to...people”相呼应。故选                   C 项。
    18.D 此处指作者从做义工的经历中“学习”到,健康常常把人们聚集在一起。故选
D 项。
    19.A 上文中作者提到健康,接下来说,“健康”是福,符合语境。故选                              A 项。
    20.B 此处指待在健康被如此“重视”的地方和其他事情不同,空处与空后的
“appreciated”并列。故选       B 项。

四
教材与话题写作
(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.为了缓解精神压力,许多人,甚至是青少年,养成了吸烟的习惯。(mental                                stress; 

get into the habit of)
___________________________________________________ 
答案:In    order  to relieve mental stress, many  people, even adolescents, get 

into the habit of smoking.
2.开始吸烟的人将对香烟上瘾,                最终他的身体将会习惯尼古丁。(be                addicted  to; 

become accustomed to)
___________________________________________________ 
答案:The     person who  begins to  smoke will  be  addicted to  cigarettes and 

eventually he will become accustomed to having nicotine in his body.
3.我们都知道,吸烟会对吸烟者以及周围人的健康造成危害,很多人由于吸烟死于肺癌、
心脏病。(do harm to; due to)

___________________________________________________ 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

答案:We    all know that smoking does harm  to the health of smokers as well as 

the people around, and a lot of people die of lung cancer and heart disease due 
to smoking.
4.香烟是非常昂贵的。它们浪费很多钱, 并可能会引起火灾。(waste)

___________________________________________________ 
答案:Cigarettes    are very  expensive.They waste a lot of  money and may cause 

fire.
5.政府有必要采取有效措施禁烟,让吸烟违法,以便吸烟者决定戒烟。(illegal; decide 

on; quit)
___________________________________________________ 
答案:It    is necessary  for the government to take effective  measures  to ban 

smoking and  make smoking  illegal, so that  smokers will decide  on quitting  
smoking.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。

___________________________________________________  
___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________  
___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________  
___________________________________________________  
___________________________________________________  
___________________________________________________ 
___________________________________________________  

五、下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。

    In order to relieve mental stresses, many people, especially adolescents, 
get into the habit of smoking. The person who begins to smoke will be addicted 
to cigarettes and eventually he will become accustomed to have nicotine in his 
body. It is well known that smoking do harm to the health of smokers as well as 
the people around, and a lot of people die lung cancer and heart disease due to 
smoking. So  it is necessary for  the government to reduce  the production of 
tobacco and  make smoking illegally so  that smokers will  decide on quitting 
smoking.
答案:
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                             stresses
    In order to relieve mental stress , many people, especially adolescents, get 
into the habit of  smoking. The person who begins to smoke will be addicted to 
                                                        have
cigarettes and eventually he will  become accustomed to having nicotine in his 
                                     do
body. It is well known that smoking does harm to the health of smokers as well 
as the people around, and a lot of people die ∧  lung cancer and heart disease 
                                              of
due to smoking. So it is necessary for the government to reduce the production 
                             illegally
of tobacco  and make smoking  illegal  so that smokers will decide on quitting 
smoking.

 


 
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