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北师大版高二英语选修6《Unit16 Lesson 1》课件

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Stories from History

Volcanic eruption
Pompeii
     Words and Expressions
volcanic eruption 火山爆发
preserve        vt.保护,保存
capsule        n.胶囊,太空舱
witness         v.目击
occur           vi.发生
tremble         vi.颤抖,发抖
block out      堵住
particularly adv.特别地,特定地
    Words and Expressions
loss        n.遗失,丢失
awesome     adj.令人敬畏的
in a way    从某种程度上
rewind      v.倒回
architecture n.建筑
authentic   adj.真正的,原作的
characteristic adj.典型的
monument    n.纪念碑,纪念堂
    Words and Expressions
gather       v.聚集
on one’s side 侧身
sorrow       n.悲伤,难过
sympathy     n.同情
burst        vi.爆炸,冲,闯
split up   断绝关系,分成小部分
on the way to 在去……的路上
pay rise    增加工资
On August 23, 79 AD, Pompeii 
looked like any other busy, 
prosperous city. People were 
moving about, trading goods, 
news, and friendly talk.
Three days later, on August 26, all 
of these sounds had fallen silent, 
and the place itself had vanished. 
Almost nothing was seen of 
Pompeii for more than 1500
years. Now, more than 1900 years 
later, we are learning more and 
more about the last days of 
Pompeii.
Discussion

   1. Once, there was a thriving 
   city. But one day, it suddenly 
   disappeared. Use your 
   imagination, and see how this 
   tragedy happened.
2. Do you know any city that 
disappeared within a minute?
Pompeii
3. Read the title, can you guess 
from the title what the article is 
about?
It is about a city named Pompeii.
First Reading:
    Read the whole passage quickly, 
    and try to find out what happened 
    to Pompeii.
    It was destroyed and covered by a 
    volcanic eruption and discovered 
    again by some archaeologists 1,600 
    years later.
Second Reading:
  write down the things in 
  connection with the following 
  numbers:
   August, 24th, 79 AD:
   The eruption had occurred and  
 destroyed the whole city.
  1,600:
  More than 1,600 years later, 
some scientists found the lost 
towns that had been buried 
under the ashes. 
 1748:
 By 1748, scientists had found 
an awesome historical site. 

 250:
 More than 250 years after 
scientists found the city, 
thousands of tourists and 
hundreds of scientists visit 
Pompeii every year to learn 
more about the ancient 
world.
Third Reading: Note-taking
  Go through the whole passage, 
  and find out what the following 
  people did.      
  Pliny:
  People in Pompeii:
  scientists:
Pliny:
 a Roman writer
   wrote about a terrible volcanic 
   eruption
  described a cloud coming down 
 the mountain, blocking out the sun 
 and burying everything in its path, 
 including whole villages and towns.
   Those sad events left a deep 
   impression on Pliny.
People in Pompeii:
   disappeared under the ashes 
   were gradually forgotten by the 
   world
   gathered together for protection 
   in their last hours of life.
One person, sitting alone, looks 
like he is praying.
Another man, lying on his side, 
looks as if he is trying to get up.
Those scientists:
  found the lost towns
  found an awesome historical site 
  and started to dig out the ancient 
  city of Pompeii
  hundreds of scientists visit Pompeii 
  every year to learn more about the 
  ancient world
Answer the questions in exercise2

 1. What is the article about?

   It is about a city named Pompeii , 
   which was destroyed and covered 
   by a devastating volcanic eruption 
   and discovered again by some 
   archaeologists 1,600 years later. 
2. Why does the article describe 
Pompeii as a “time capsule” ?
Because it preserves a frozen 
moment in history.
4. What had Pompeii been like 
  before the eruption?
   Before the eruption occurred, it 
   had been a booming roman city 
   with temples, markets, 
  restaurants, and theaters.
5. What can you see If you walk in 
the streets of Pompeii today?
Now as you walk along the streets 
of the city, you can admire the 
ancient architecture, statues, 
decorated walls and authentic 
objects characteristic of the time.
Paraphrase
   1. He had witnessed as a young 
   man…
   v. see something by oneself
   2. The eruption had occurred on 
   August 24th, 79AD.
   take place, happen (Vi.) 
3. The earth began to tremble and 
 a volcano…
   shake 
4. He described a cloud coming 
down the mountain, blocking out 
the sun and burying everything 
in its path.  
hide the sun from being seen/ 
bury everything when it was 
passing 
5. Time rewinds. 
v. go back to ancient times
6. You can admire the ancient 
architectures, statues, decorated 
walls and authentic objects 
characteristics of the time. 
typical of that time 
7. One person, sitting alone, looks
like he is praying.
alone is an adverb(副词). 
8. One can only feel sorry and deep 
sympathy for these once-living 
statues.
9. The city lives on nearly 2,000 
 years after its loss.
   keep alive 
10. Time capsule
a container used to store for 
children a selection of objects 
thought to be representative of life 
at a particular time.
Time capsules are interesting to 
people of all ages.
Write to yourself an e-mail, and 
receive it 20 years later. What will 
the feeling be?
the Forbes provides an interesting 
service, kinda TIME CAPSULE. 
but the 'capsule' would be an e-
mail. 
you may send emails to yourself, 
and decide the mails to be 
received 1 or 3 or 5 or 10 or even 
20 years later! the mails will 
be kept and sent by yahoo.
Summary

   Changes of Pompeii City:
   A thriving Roman city with 
   temples, markets, restaurants and
   theatres, works of art on walls;
destroyed and covered by a terrible 
volcanic eruption; people 
disappeared and forgotten by the 
world; the locations of the buried 
towns and villages were lost.
discovered by some scientists; 
visited by tourists and scientists
every year
        Grammar
       Past Perfect tense
1. Pliny wrote about a terrible 
 volcanic eruption that he had 
 witnessed as a young man.
2. However, more than 1, 600 years 
later, some scientists found the lost 
towns that had been buried under 
the ashes.
3. Before the eruption occurred, it 
had been a booming Roman city.
4. The bodies of people who had 
died in Pompeii left impressions 
in the ash...
What is past perfect tense?
It shows an event that happened 
earlier, before the other past 
event in the story.
1. The audience left after the film 
had finished.
2. We got married a year after we 
had fallen in love with each other.
3. By the time I got home, the others 
had eaten all the food.
4. We arrived at the cinema late
after the film had started.
5. When I had arrived home and 
looked around, I saw that a burglar 
had stole my CD player.
1.John, a friend of mine, who got 
 married only last week, spent 
 $3,000 more than he ____ for the 
 wedding. 
A. will plan             
B. has planned        
C. would plan           
D. had planned
2. The young girl sitting next to me 
on the plane was very nervous. She 
____ before. 
A. hasn’t flown         B. didn’t fly    
C. hadn’t flown        
D. wasn’t flying
3. I was giving a talk to a large 
group of people, the same talk I 
____ to half a dozen other groups. 
A. was giving             B. am giving        
C. had given              D. have given
Oral Exercise
  Henry, from London, married 
  Anna from Poland.
  He once told a reporter that he 
  had never been in love until he 
  met Anna.
Suppose you were Henry, what else 
would you like to say to the 
 reporter?
Visit Poland…fall in love with a 
girl…eat Polish food…want 
children…spend all his time on 
one person…talk so openly…
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