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2019届高三一轮复习 阅读理解教案2

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           2019      届高三一轮复习英语学科教师教案
   辅导科目:英语        学员姓名:    年 级:         学管老师:
   学科教师:彭传凤        课时数:        第___次课

      课    题                 阅读理解考察类型及解题技巧----推理判断题

      课    型                    □  预习课      □  同步课      □  复习课      □  习题课     □  拓展课  

   授课日期及时段

    教 学 目 的                           掌握推理判断题解题技巧

      重 难 点                           如何理解文章的言外之意

                                     教      学     内       容

1.知识回顾及作业检查
2.新课教学:
Teaching procedures: 
Step One: Lead-in 
Have a free talk with students and find out the difficulty that they have in doing reading 
Comprehension. 
1. How much time do you usually spend on this exam item?  
2. 解读  2011 年高考大纲中关于阅读理解的要求 
3. How many question types are there in this exam item?  
Step Two: Finding out ways
 Give students a sample and then help them get the relative ways to solve each question type. 
Then let them do some practice. 
1).How to infer the implied meanings
It is fun to turn over a big rock on the beach. Make sure you turn the rock back to the position it 
was in after you moved it. If you don’t turn it back over, all the sea animals under it or 
clinging 
to依附the underside will die.  
You can tell that rocks ________.(B) 
A. hurt sea animals                     B. protect sea animals
C. won’t be found on beaches             D. can’t be found on beaches 
【解题技巧】 
1.全面分析    2.忠实原文    3.不选表层信息 
2).How to infer the author’s opinion and attitudes
Why isn’t your newspaper reporting any good newsAll I read about is murder, bribery(行贿)
and death. Frankly, I am sick of all the bad news. This author’s attitude towards the newspaper 
reporting is to _____. 
A. complain      B. apologize        C. amuse          D. inform 
                          中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台
【解题技巧】 
1.注意作者表达感情色彩的形容词、副词、动词及所举的例子 
2.推断出作者的弦外之音 
3.站在作者的立场或角度 
【描述作者态度的词】 
objective; neutral; subjective; positive; negative; critical; pessimistic; optimistic; approving; 
disapproving; indifferent; ironic 
3).How to infer the writing purpose(
推断写作目的
 “Have you ever been out on a boat and felt it lifted up by a wave? Or have you jumped in the 
water and felt the rush of energy as waves came over you?”asked Jamie Taylor of the Wave 
Energy Group at the University of Edinburgh.“There is certainly a lot of energy in waves,”he 
said. 
The writer uses the two questions at the beginning of the passage to ______(B) 
A. test the readers’ knowledge about waves      B. draw the readers’ attention to the topic 
C. show Jamie Taylor’s importance             D. invite the readers to answer them 
【写作目的归纳】 
to entertain readers 娱乐读者让人发笑,常见于故事类的文章。 
to persuade readers 说服读者接受某种观点,常见于广告类的文章。 
to inform readers 告知读者某些信息,多见于科普类新闻报道类文化类或社会类文章.
4).How to infer the structure and organization(
推断文脉关系) 
【Question forms】
 The next paragraph would most probably deal with _______ 
The paragraph preceding this one would most likely discuss ______. 
【解题技巧】 
推测下文的内容推断下文要注意最后一段的内容。 
推测上文的内容关注第一段特别是开始几句话。
【Question forms】 
Which of the following best shows the structure of the passage? 
How is the passage organized? 
【解题技巧】 
按段落的组织方法理解文章结构或按写作方法论证方法理解文章结构。
Step Three: Conclusion 
Let students have a discussion and draw a conclusion about what they should pay attention to 
while making inferences. 
1. 判断有据, 推论有理, 忠实原文。切忌用自己的观点代替作者的本意。 
2. 全面分析所有相关信息切忌片面思考,得出片面结论。 
3. 善于揣摩作者思路尽可能与作者的思路吻合。 
4. 不可直接选取文中的原句。 
3.Homework 


  学科组长签字:________         学生签字:_________           教师签字:____________          教学主管签字:
  __________
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