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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修4 4 Unit4

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    (2018·浙江瑞安高三第一次调研)All over the world mothers and fathers teach their children 
manners.Other children may have manners that are not like yours.There are all kinds of manners.
    Many years ago,children who had good manners were seen and not heard.They kept quite 
quiet if grown­ups were talking. Today, well­mannered children have more freedom.
    Sometimes good manners in one place are bad manners in other places. Suppose you are a 
visitor in the land of Mongolia. Some friends ask you to eat with them. What kind of manners do 
they want you to have? They want you to give a loud “burp(打嗝)” after you finish eating. 
Burping would show that you like your food. In some countries, if you give a loud burp, you are 
told to say “Excuse me, please.” In many places people like to eat together. But in some parts 
of Polynesia it is bad manners to be seen eating at all. People show good manners by turning their 
backs on others while they eat. What are manners like in an East African town? The people try not 
to see you. They are being polite. You may see a friend. He may not see you at all. If you are 
polite, you will sit down beside him. You will wait until he finishes what he is doing.Then he will 
talk to you.Suppose you visit a friend in Arabia.You should walk behind the other tents until you 
come to his tent.If you pass in front of the other tents,you will be asked into each one.The people 
will ask you to eat with them.And it is bad manners if you say no.
    Manners are different all over the world.But it is good to know that all manners begin in the 
same way.People need ways to show that they want to be friends.

    【解题导语】 本文主要介绍了世界上一些地方的礼仪。

    1.How did polite children behave in the past?
    A.By looking into adults’ eyes while talking.
    B.By keeping silent while adults were talking.    
    C.By slipping into the house without being heard. 
    D.By not opening their mouths until spoken to.  
    B 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段的第二句“They                    kept quite quiet if grown­ups were 
talking.”可知,过去,在大人们说话时,儿童保持沉默是一种礼貌的行为。 
    2.Which custom should we follow in order to look well­mannered?    
    A.Saying “Excuse me” on burping in Mongolia.    
    B.Inviting guests to dinner together in Polynesia.
    C.Talking with a friend before he completes things in East Africa.    
    D.Accepting an eating invitation in Arabia.   
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段的最后两句“The                    people will ask you to eat with 
them.And it is bad manners if you say no.”可知,接受阿拉伯人一起吃饭的邀请是礼貌的行为。

    3.What can we infer from the text?    
    A.Hear much,speak little.    
    B.Love me,love my dog.    
    C.When in Rome do as the Romans do.    
    D.Do what you ought to.   
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    C 解析:推理判断题。根据全文内容尤其是最后一段的第一句“Manners                           are different 
all over the world.”可推知,礼仪因地域而各有不同,因此最好的做法是入乡随俗。
                                        B
    Much information can be conveyed,purely through our eyes, so the 
expression “eyes also talk” is often heard.
    Can you recall any experience that further proves this statement?On a 
bus you may quickly glance at a stranger,but not make eye contact.If he 
senses that he is being stared at,he may feel uncomfortable.
    It is the same in daily life.If you are stared at for more than necessary,
you will look at yourself up and down to see if there is anything wrong with 
you. If nothing goes wrong,you will feel angry about other’s staring at you that way.Eyes do 
convey information,right?
    Looking too long at someone may seem to be rude and aggressive.But things are different 
when it comes to staring at the opposite sex.If a man looks at a woman for more than 10 seconds 
and refuses to turn away his gaze(注视),his intentions are obvious.That is,he wishes to attract 
her attention,to make her understand that he is showing affection for her.
    However,the normal eye contact for two people engaged in conversation is that the speaker 
will only look at the listener from time to time, in order to make sure that the listener does pay 
attention to what the former is speaking, to tell him that he is attentive.
    If a speaker looks at you continuously when speaking,as if he tries to control you, you will 
feel uneasy.A poor liar usually exposes himself by looking too long at the victim, since he 
believes the false idea that to look straight in the eye is a sign of honest communication.
    In fact, continuous eye contact happens between lovers only, who will enjoy looking at each 
other tenderly for a long time, to show love that words cannot express.
    Evidently, eye contact should be done according to the relationship between two people and 
the specific situation.

    【解题导语】 本文介绍了“眼睛会说话”的观点,告诉我们不同场合的眼神交流所

代表的不同含义。

    4.What may a person usually do on a bus?
    A.Glance at a stranger with eye contact.
    B.Use eyes to talk to a stranger politely.
    C.Glance at a stranger without eye contact.
    D.Talk to a stranger politely after a quick glance.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段第二句可知,在公交车上人们可能会瞥一眼陌生
人,但不会有眼神交流。故选             C 项。
    5.What does it mean if a man looks at a woman for over 10 seconds?
    A.He likes her eyes.
    B.He admires her.
    C.He knows her well.
    D.He makes contact with her.
    B 解析:细节理解题。根据第四段最后两句可知,如果一位男士盯着一位女士超过
10 秒,他是想吸引女士的注意力,让她知道他很倾慕她。故选                         B 项。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    6.Why is a poor liar easy to be seen through?
    A.He thinks that he is honest.
    B.He wants to control the victim.
    C.He feels uneasy about others’ eye contact.
    D.He looks straight at the victim for too long a time.
    D 解析:细节理解理。根据倒数第三段最后一句可知,一个差劲的说谎者通常会因
为看受害者太久而暴露自己,因为他错误地认为直视对方是诚实沟通的一个信号。故选
D 项。
    Ⅱ 七选五
    Traveling alone gives you the freedom to create your own schedule and do as you please. 
1.________For example,a travel partner can provide practical support and share in the rewards 
of first­hand experience with unfamiliar locations and cultures.Here are several tips to find a 
travel partner who will improve your journey.
    2.________Traveling should be fun.When you are on a trip,you will want to do lots of 
activities that you enjoy.Preferably,your companion will want to do the same things as you.
    Discuss financial plans.Before you travel,you should plan a budget. 3.________You don’t 
want to be planning an expensive getaway at the same time your friend is looking for budget 
travel.
    Have an honest conversation.If you are thinking about traveling with a companion,take 
some time to have an open discussion.Schedule a time to sit down and talk.Try saying,“I know 
we’ve talked about the idea of traveling through Europe together.Let’s have a coffee this week 
and actually talk that through.” 4.________You should also talk about your travel style.
    Find someone who is flexible.Choose a travel partner who can adjust. 5.________Maybe it 
will rain on the day you planned to visit the Grand Canyon.Or you might not be able to get 
reservations at that French restaurant you’ve been dying to try.
    A.Look for someone with common interests.
    B.You should discuss your goals for the trip.
    C.Travel with a friend who is pretty easygoing.
    D.But traveling with a partner has its benefits,too.
    E.Make sure that you are on the same page concerning money.
    F.Try to meet your new travel partner in person before your trip.
    G.No matter how carefully you plan your trip,it is likely that something will go wrong.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了如何找到一个很好的旅伴。
    1.D 解析:根据空后句子“For example,a travel partner can provide practical support 
and share in the rewards of first­hand experience”可知,空处谈论的是和旅伴一起旅行有关
的,而空前讲述的是独自旅行,上下文之间存在转折关系。所以                           D 选项正确。
    2.A 解析:根据空处所在位置可知,此处为段落主题句。根据本段最后一句可知,
最好和你的旅伴有共同的兴趣,所以                A 选项正确。
    3.E 解析:根据本段中的关键词“financial plans”、“plan a budget”和“budget travel”可
知,选项    E 中的“on the same page concerning money”与此内容相呼应,所以选        E。
    4.B 解析:根据本段主题句“进行诚实的谈话”可知,此段的核心话题是“谈话”
;又根据空后的“You        should also talk about your travel style.”可知,你还需要和你的旅伴讨
论你们的旅行方式。选项           B 中的关键词“discuss your goals”与此呼应,所以选         B。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    5.G 解析:本段主题句是“找到一个头脑灵活的旅伴”。根据空后的例子可知,在
旅行中会突然出现意想不到的事情。G                选项中的“carefully you plan your trip”和“go wrong”与
此照应,所以选       G。
    Ⅲ  应用文写作
    学校将召开一次有关学生宿舍安全问题的会议,请以宿舍管理委员会的名义写一份会
议通知。内容如下:
    1.时间:10    月  17 日晚上  7 点;
    2.地点:会议室;
    3.主讲人:李老师;
    4.会议内容;
    5.参加人员:每间寝室一名同学;
    6.参会要求。
    注意:1.请适当增加细节以使行文连贯;
    2.通知的格式已写好,不计入总词数;
    3.词数:80    左右。
                                      Notice
    ________________________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________
    ________________________________________________________________________
                                                        The Dormitory Committee
One possible version:
                                      Notice
    To ensure everyone a safe living environment, on October 17th 7 p.m.  in the meeting 
room there will be a discussion on safety issues of dormitories. To our delight, we will have 
Ms./Mr. Li as our lecturer, who will deal with major concerns such as the proper use of electricity 
and the prevention of fire and theft. A member of each dormitory is required to be present. The 
participants should arrive on time. More importantly, they are supposed to take notes with which 
to remind the other roommates of the measures necessary for safety purpose.
    Please be on time. 
                                                     The__Dormitory__Committee
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