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2019年高考英语二轮复习 阅读七选五专练(三)

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阅读七选五专练(三)

                          Test 1
    (2018·湖南太郡中学检测) We eat in our cars, at our desks, on 
the go, and in front of the TV. We eat take­out, packaged and 
prepared   meals.   Why?     Because   it   fits   our 
not­enough­time­in­the­day lifestyles. __1__ Well, I'm certainly not 
the first one to think it or say it, but we all need to slow down.
    Consumer trends around the globe show that over the past three 
decades people are purchasing more prepared foods at groceries and 
eating out more than ever before. It's predicted that we'll spend more 
at restaurants in the coming years. __2__ However, we're getting 
less healthy.
    While debates can be seen in different media over the food 
industry's contribution to our growing waistlines and our health 
problems, the bottom line is this:__3__ We can choose to eat a 
fast­food lunch on the go. We can throw a frozen meal in the 
microwave and call it dinner. We can eat without thinking, in front 
of the tube, at our computers, and while driving a car.
    __4__ Studies have shown meaningful links between family 
meals and kids' mental and physical well­being. Eating sensibly 
doesn't take much time or money, but it does require you to make a 
conscious decision to do so. Wrapped up in endless work, 
appointments and social activities, we often fail to enjoy a relaxing 
meal with our families.
    While it can be a challenge to always put healthy eating first, 
just do your best. Remember that the food you eat has a more 
significant effect on your health, weight and well­being than almost 
any other activities you do. __5__ Every meal made at home — even 
just once or twice a week — is a step closer to a healthier body and a 
slower eating style.
    A.Lunch is the biggest calorie intake when it comes to eating 
out.
    B.Treat it with the importance that it deserves, but start small.
    C.Our food matches our lives.
    D.Purchase food locally and skip as many packaged items as 
you can.
    E.What  we eat, where we eat and how we eat are all under 
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our control.
    F.We're consuming an increasing number of calories.
    G.We can devote an hour of the day to enjoying a meal with 
our families.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇议论文。因为生活节奏加快,
许多人习惯于吃快餐。事实上,快餐并不健康,并且消费很大;
为此作者呼吁人们远离快餐,重视饮食习惯。
    1.答案与解析:C 根据空前内容可知,随着人们生活节
奏的加快,人们的饮食习惯也发生了改变。所以,C                     项“我们
的食物适应我们的生活(方式)”符合语境。
    2.答案与解析:F 根据空前的“It's            predicted that we'll 
spend more at restaurants in the coming years”可知,人们越来越
多地在外面吃饭,摄入越来越多的卡路里,然而,人们在变得
越来越不健康。故        F 项符合语境。
    3.答案与解析:E 根据空后内容可知,吃什么、在哪里
吃以及怎样吃都由我们自己掌控。故               E 项符合语境。
    4.答案与解析:G 根据空后的“Studies               have  shown 
meaningful links between family meals and kids' mental and 
physical well­being”可知,与家人一块吃饭有很大的好处。所
以,G   项符合语境。
    5.答案与解析:B 根据第五段内容可知,饮食对人们的
健康很重要。作者建议人们尽量在家吃饭。又结合空后内容可
知,把健康饮食放在第一位可从小事做起。B                  项符合语境。
                          Test 2
    (2018·河北衡水中学第六次模拟)          Runners need to move 15 
per cent faster on a treadmill (跑步机) to burn the same number of 
calories as jogging outdoors, research reveals. Researchers found 
running on treadmills significantly reduces the amount of oxygen 
joggers use. __1__
    ●The experiment procedure.
    Researchers from Milan University analysed the difference 
between running outdoors and on a treadmill in 15 physically fit 
males with an average age of 21. __2__ And it was followed by 30 
seconds of recovery for a total of 15 minutes both outdoors and on a 
treadmill. Oxygen use and exercise intensity were measured after 
both types of running.
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    ●The Results.
    The results revealed that when on a treadmill, runners use 
significantly lower amounts of oxygen, suggesting less effort is 
required. __3__
    ●__4__
    A  15 per cent increase in running speed during a high 
intermittent (间歇的) intensity treadmill training session is the 
optional solution to reach the same physiological responses as an 
outdoor training session.
    ●Possible reasons for the difference.
    __5__ But the previous research suggests the moving belt of a 
treadmill propels (推进) joggers forward, causing them to move 
faster. Exercising indoors also means gym­goers do not have to fight 
with steep hills or wind resistance. Michael Silverman, director of 
rehabilitation and wellness at Northern Westchester Hospital in New 
York, said, “Outdoors, you are changing surfaces constantly, 
fighting the wind, and making quick and sudden starts and stops, 
which all lead to increased caloric burn.”
    A.The solution.
    B.The study suggested that we do sports outdoors.
    C.The participants ran as fast as they can for 30 seconds.
    D.And that suggests running on treadmills requires less effort.
    E.The study did not work out why treadmill running appears 
to be less strenuous (费力的).
    F.Why  there is difference in calory burning between doing 
sports on a treadmill and jogging outdoors?
    G.Therefore, runners must move faster on a treadmill to 
achieve the same results as exercising outdoors.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文。一项研究表明,跑步
者在跑步机上的速度要比户外慢跑快               15%才能与其燃烧同等热
量,因此人们应尽量去户外运动。
    【长难句分析】 The         results revealed that when on a 
treadmill, runners use significantly lower amounts of oxygen, 
suggesting less effort is required.(第三段第一句)
    分析:本句是主从复合句。that          引导的宾语从句作
revealed 的宾语;在宾语从句中,when         引导时间状语从句,意
为“当……的时候”;suggesting        less effort is required 是现在分
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词作结果状语。
    译文:结果表明,在跑步机上跑步时,跑步者的耗氧量大
大降低,这表明在跑步机上跑步需要的力气较少。
    词汇积累:reveal v.显示,揭示 analyse v.分析
    response n.反应,回应 previous adj.先前的
    1.答案与解析:D 根据上一句可知,在跑步机上跑步时,
跑步者的耗氧量大大降低,表明这种方式更省力;结合第三段
中的“suggesting  less effort is required”可知,D 项符合语境。
故选  D。
    2.答案与解析:C 根据第二段小标题及内容可知,本段
介绍了实验的过程;再根据上一句中的“in                  15  physically fit 
males with an average age of 21”可知,15 名平均年龄为   21 岁的
健康男子是该实验的参与者,C             项中的“The     participants”指这
些健康男子。故选        C。
    3.答案与解析:G 根据第三段内容可知,本段主要介绍
了实验的结果,G       项与其相呼应,也是实验的结果,即跑步者
必须在跑步机上跑得更快才能达到和户外运动一样的效果。故
选 G。
    4.答案与解析:A 根据本段中“the             optional solution”可
知,本段介绍了解决方法。故选             A。
    5.答案与解析:E 根据下一句可知,以往的研究表明,
跑步机上移动的跑带会推动跑步者向前,从而让他们跑得更快,
这是以往的研究解释了在跑步机上更省力的原因。E                     项中的
“why  treadmill running appears to be less strenuous(费力的)”与
之呼应。故选      E。
                          Test 3
    (2018·四川省重点中学第二次评估)           Everyone has someone 
who's wronged them in one way or another. Yet forgiveness is 
something you can achieve as long as you take the following steps.
    Decide you want to choose forgiveness.
    The first step toward achieving forgiveness is to decide it's 
something you actually want to do, not something someone has 
pressured you into trying. __1__ Also forgiveness doesn't mean 
excusing or forgetting an injustice, or returning to a relationship 
that's harmful.
    __2__
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    It's kind of a checklist:How are you doing in terms of your 
anger? How have you been denying it? Are you angrier than you 
thought you would be? __3__ Tiredness is the most common 
physical complaint, as is a pessimistic worldview — believing no 
one can be trusted or that everyone is only out for themselves. Once 
you look at those effects, the question becomes: Do you want to heal?
    Commit to forgiveness.
    Once you have completed stage two and seen how the effects of 
your anger have made you unhappy, there's a tendency to give this a 
try. In this stage, it's important to commit yourself to doing no harm 
toward the person you're trying to forgive. That doesn't mean being 
good to them. __4__
    Consider the other person's wounds.
    The goal is to finally feel sympathy for the other person, but 
don't start there. __5__ How was that person hurt in life? How were 
they treated unjustly? Were they so wounded that they wounded you? 
You don't do this to excuse their actions, but to see a scared person, 
maybe a confused person, someone who is not always right and 
all­powerful.
    A.Make a list.
    B.Uncover your anger.
    C.Instead, think about them in a new way.
    D.It just means you don't do anything negative.
    E.People should not be forced into forgiving.
    F.What are the physical consequences of your anger?
    G.On the contrary, be committed to your own happiness.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了达到谅解
的四个步骤。
    1.答案与解析:E 根据空前的“not              something someone 
has pressured you into trying”及选项 E“People should not be 
forced into forgiving”可知答案。pressure  sb. into doing 与 be 
forced into doing 是近义短语。
    2.答案与解析:B 本空是段落小标题,其他小标题都是
祈使句,故可推知本空也应填一个祈使句,所以只有                      A、B、
C 和 G 项满足这个条件。该段通过几个连续的问题对“your 
anger”进行了剖析,即要“找出你的愤怒”,故选                  B 项。
    3.答案与解析:F 根据下文中的“Tiredness             is the most 
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common  physical complaint”及选项 F“What   are the physical 
consequences of your anger”可知,physical 是重复出现的词,
F 项放在本空中,前后语义也是连贯的,所以选                   F。
    4.答案与解析:D 空前的“That           doesn't mean being good 
to them”和选项    D“It   just means you don't do  anything 
negative”意思一致,故选      D 项。
    5.答案与解析:C 上文提到“The             goal is... don't start 
there”,那么本空就应该是正确的开始,即用一种新的方式来
思考这些人(Instead, think about them in a new way),空后进一步
提示如何去思考。
                          Test 4
    (2018·陕西检测一)    Business owners are often buried in some 
demands and “duties”. So, learning to say “No” and focus on 
the right things is very important. Vickie Milazzo, a very successful 
businessman and author, has some useful advice.
    Use your time wisely. __1__ You have to work hard at them 
every day, sometimes in very small steps. Remember, Rome wasn't 
built in a day.
    Don't try to make everything perfect. Sometimes success may 
not look like what you expected. __2__ If you are flexible and can 
adjust your goals, they are often easier to achieve.
    __3__ You cannot learn much from someone else who is 
struggling to achieve the same goal as you are. Therefore, look 
around for who have achieved what you want. Model yourself after 
them.
    Keep it fresh. __4__ Recall your reasons to enter the business. 
Finding that desire again will often renew your energy.
    Finally, give yourself a break. If you stepped back and looked 
at your daily routine calmly, as if it were happening to your best 
friend, what would your advice be? Would it be: Slow down? __5__ 
Or spend a few moments enjoying the day?
    A.Find successful people to learn and imitate.
    B.Take a few deep breaths?
    C.Put all the eggs in one basket.
    D.So, you should adjust your goals when necessary.
    E.Do you remember why you chose your career?
    F.Quit and set a new one for you.
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    G.You can't achieve big goals overnight.
    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文。一位成功的商人和作
家 Vickie  Milazzo 就如何做一个高效的企业负责人提出了几个
建议。
    1.答案与解析:G 根据该段的主题句“Use                  your  time 
wisely”可知,该段主要论述“要合理安排时间”;结合空处后
一句“You have to work hard at them every day, sometimes in very 
small steps”可知,你每天都要努力工作,有时可能仅进步一点
点。据此可知,你不可能一夜之间就实现大目标,故                      G 项正确。

    2.答案与解析:D 根据空处后一句“If               you  are flexible 
and can adjust your goals, they are often easier to achieve”可知,
如果你能灵活机动地调整目标,就能更加容易实现目标。据此
可知,在必要时你要调整目标,故              D 项正确。
    3.答案与解析:A 根据空处位置可知,该空为该段的主
题句;由该段最后两句“Therefore,         look around for who have 
achieved what you want. Model yourself after them”可知,该段主
要论述了“找一个成功人士学习并模仿”的建议,故                      A 项正确。

    4.答案与解析:E 根据空前的“Keep              it fresh”及空处后
一句“Recall your reasons to enter the business”可知,你要回忆
起自己进入生意场的原因。据此可知               E 项符合语境。
    5.答案与解析:B 根据空前的“what              would your advice 
be”可知,空处与空处前后的“Would              it be:Slow down”和
“Or  spend a few moments enjoying the day”都与建议有关,且
空处也应用问句,故         B 项与此处匹配。
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