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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit4Writing

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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Writing
                     如何写建议信


   建议信一般采取三段式结构:
   (1)首段:针对对方对自己的信任简单地表示感谢,也可以
表明自己的意图。
   (2)主体段:围绕对方的困惑、烦恼等问题,用委婉的语气
提出自己的建议或看法。注意要充分考虑对方的实际问题,选
择适当的语言,切忌措词生硬呆板,也不要泛泛而谈。
   (3)末段:表达希望自己的建议能被采纳及对方的问题能够
得到解决的愿望。
[典型句式]
★首段常用的表达:
  I am writing to share some advice with you.
  I'm sorry to hear that you have trouble in...
  You have asked me for my advice on...
  I am writing to express my views on/concerning...
  You have asked for some advice concerning...and I will try to 
  give you my suggestions.
★提出建议时常用的表达:
   In my opinion, it would be beneficial if...
   In my view, it would be wise to...
   I suggest that you (should)...
   I am afraid you'd better...
   I would like to suggest/recommend that...
   If I were you, I would...
★末段常用的表达:
   I hope you will find these proposals(suggestions/tips) 
   practical/useful/helpful.
   I would be ready to discuss this matter with you in detail if 
   necessary.
   I would appreciate it if you could consider my suggestions.
   In the end, I will be glad if you find my suggestions useful.
   假定你是一名中学生,名叫王林,打算写信给21st Century
的编辑,反映目前滥养宠物的问题。你认为宠物过多噪音扰民
,污染环境;你周围许多人尤其是小孩都曾经被吓到或被咬伤
过;宠物甚至会导致某些疾病的传播。所以你希望得到媒体的
关注和支持。
   注意:1.词数100左右;
   2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
   参考词汇:居民resident;污染环境pollute the environment
[写作要点]
   第一段:提出要反映的问题,开门见山,直奔主题。
   第二段:按照顺序,分析要反映的问题的原因。
   第三段:结尾提出自己的要求以引起关注。
                     范文示例

    Dear editor,
    ①I'm a middle school student, Wang Lin.②I'm writing to 
tell you something about the problem of some people keeping too 
many pets nowadays.
    ③I consider the problem more and more serious for the 
following reasons.④First of all, as is known to all, pets make so 
much noise that they trouble residents a lot.
   ⑤What's more, it's widely accepted that animal wastes pollute 
the environment which makes people quite uncomfortable.
⑥Many  owners like taking their pets to public places where they 
may frighten children or even sometimes bite people.⑦The most 
important is that pets can spread some diseases and this has 
attracted much attention.
   ⑧Taking all these factors into consideration, I sincerely hope 
that I can get help from you and expect the media to do something 
for this.
                                       Yours truly,
                                          Wang Lin
                     亮点点评

   亮点一:本篇文章结构完整,表达客观。内容全面,细节
的逻辑顺序分配合理,句与句之间过渡自然,连接紧密,开头
结尾描述全面。
   亮点二:文中句④用了so...that状语从句;句⑤it's          widely 
accepted that为主语从句;句⑦用了表语从句;这些复合句的
恰当运用使文章上了一个层次,体现了作者的基本功。
   亮点三:使用连接词first      of all(句④),what's more(句⑤)使
文章更条理化、层次化。
   假如你是李华,上周日去动物园,看到游客对动物乱扔石
子甚至往一头熊的头上泼水,对此你感到非常气愤。现在请你
用英语就此事给某报社编辑写封信,并提出你的建议,请求该
报呼吁人们保护和爱护动物。
   注意:词数100左右。
【参考范文】
Dear Editor,
            Here I write to tell you about my experience in the zoo last 
Sunday.I feel terribly sorry and ashamed of what people did to 
the animals.
There were many animals kept in the zoo and it seemed that they 
were not being treated well.I saw many visitors throw some 
stones at them and some visitors even poured water onto a big 
bear's head.
   Here is what we should do.First, we should make people 
know animals are our friends and important to us.Second,
anyone who treats animals badly should be fined.Last but not 
least,I hope you can help educate people to love and respect 
animals.Thank you.
                                    Yours sincerely,
                                            Li Hua
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