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2018-2019高三 作文专题十、过渡与衔接写作导练

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  ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语


十、过渡与衔接写作导练
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

写作要领

    衔接和连贯是书面表达评分的一个重要标准。之所以如此,是因为句与句之
间、段与段之间恰当的过渡和衔接是构成语篇的最基本的条件。语句间的连接
成分是衡量衔接与连贯很重要的标准之一。构成语篇连接成分的过渡词语,被称
为“篇章纽带”,其语篇衔接作用是不言而喻的。
    学生要学会正确、恰当地使用这些表示逻辑关系的关联词语,使文章前后连
贯、结构紧凑、过渡自然。表示过渡与衔接的常用表达有:
1.表示起始关系的过渡性词语
  first of all,above all,according to,up to now,so far,as far as,to 
  begin with,in my opinion等。
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

  迄今为止,诸事顺利。
  Everything is in order up to now.
  Everything is in order so far.
2.表示时间顺序的过渡性词语
  first,later,in the end,finally,at last,after that,since then,
  immediately,suddenly,soon等。
  起初我觉得有点紧张。
  At first,I felt a little nervous.
  努力学习,最终你会成功的。
  Work hard,and you will succeed in the end.
  Work hard,and you will succeed at last.
  Work hard,and you will succeed finally.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

3.表示空间顺序的过渡性词语
  on the right/left,on one side of,on the other side of,at the top/
  foot/end of,in the middle/centre of,in front of,at the back of等。
  房子中央有一张书桌。
  There is a desk in the middle of the room.
  There is a desk in the centre of the room.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

4.表示并列关系的过渡性词语
  and,or,as well as,neither...nor...,not only...but also...,either...
  or...,not...but...等。
  他不但给我建议,还给我钱。
  He gave me money as well as advice.
  He gave me advice,and money as well.
  He gave me not only advice but also money.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

5.表示转折关系的过渡性词语
  but,yet,however,while,on the contrary等。
  他原以为自己理解了那道题,但是他错了。
  He thought he understood the problem,but he was mistaken.
  He thought he understood the problem;however,he was mistaken.
6.表示因果关系的过渡性词语
  because,so,as,since,for,thanks to,thus,therefore,as a result of,one 
  reason is that...,another reason is that...等。
  由于天在下雨,你最好乘出租车。
  As it’s raining,you’d better take a taxi.
  Because it’s raining,you’d better take a taxi.
  It’s raining so you’d better take a taxi.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

7.表示条件关系的过渡性词语
  if,unless,as/so long as,on condition that等。
  如果你不努力工作,你就会被解雇。
  You will get fired unless you work hard.
  If you don’t work hard,you will get fired.
8.表示递进关系的过渡性词语
  what’s more,furthermore,moreover,besides,what’s worse,to make 
  matters worse,worse still等。
  我不喜欢那件连衣裙,而且它太贵了。
  I don’t like the dress;besides,it’s too expensive.
  I don’t like the dress;moreover,it’s too expensive.
  I don’t like the dress;what’s more,it’s too expensive.
              ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

9.表示让步关系的过渡性词语
  as,though,even if/though,whoever,whatever,whenever,wherever,no 
  matter who(what,when,where)等。
  不管谁违法都要受到惩罚。
  No matter who breaks the law,he will be punished.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

10.表示列举事实的过渡性词语
   for example/instance,such as,take...for example,that is to say,as 
   follows等。
   许多伟人从贫困中崛起,例如林肯和爱迪生。
   Many great men have risen from poverty—Lincoln and Edison,for 
   example.
   Many great men have risen from poverty,such as Lincoln and Edison.
   Many great men have risen from poverty,for instance,Lincoln and 
   Edison.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

11.表示总结的过渡性词语
  in short,in brief,in a word,on the whole,in general,generally 
  speaking等。
  一般而言,语言是用来交际的。
  In general,language is for communication.
  Generally speaking,language is for communication.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

名师指导
    句、段间要做到衔接合理、条理清楚、通顺连贯。
    而要真正掌握这一写作技能,在平时的训练中就要有意识地尝试使用过渡
衔接词,最终达到写出衔接自然、语句流畅的佳作的目的。如2016江苏卷范文
中In my opinion,internet voting has begun to show its negative 
impacts on people and society.Firstly,people may feel forced when 
asked to do things that they don’t want to.Secondly,voting of this 
kind does not depend on the strong points of the competitors,but 
rather on how many social-networking resources they have.Thirdly,
the voters or even the competitors in many cases are possibly taken 
advantage of by the organizers for commercial purposes.
               ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

    In short,internet voting,to some extent,is unfair,if not 
immoral,and cannot be trusted. Therefore,rules should be worked out 
and strictly observed. Everyone in our society should help those in 
need,but it is more important to be sincere and earnest.
                   ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
即时演练
用方框内的过渡词完成下面的短文
                                 Passage One
 because of;first;second;as a result;therefore;finally;in addition
    In the past twenty years or so,great advances have taken place in the world.
1.         ,we  have seen one of the most important advances in agriculture—the 
Green Revolution. 2.      this advance we can now produce more food with less 
land.3.     ,industry has been made more and more automatic.4.     ,fewer 
and fewer people are needed to operate factories and offices. 5.            ,to 
explore the unknown world,more and more satellites have been launched and more and 
more astronauts have been sent into outer space. 6.      ,new products of all 
kinds have been produced. 7.          ,our life has become more and more 
comfortable. 

 答案:1.First 2.Because of 3.Second 4.Therefore 5.In addition 6.Finally  
      7.As a result
                   ︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语

                                 Passage Two
second;so;as a result;despite;on the one hand;what’s worse;instead of;in a word;on 
the other hand;as is well-known
    1.     ,online shopping is becoming more and more popular in our daily life. 
    2.      ,online shopping has many advantages.First,online shopping makes it 
easier for us to buy things.3.        searching a crowded store,we just need to 
watch the computer screen and choose the things we like. 4.     ,it is much faster 
for us to do shopping.We don’t have to spend a lot of time going to shops.Third,we 
can see a lot of goods shown on the computer screen at the same time. 
    5.     ,online shopping also has many disadvantages.The pictures of goods 
shown on the computer screen are not always what they are. 6.          ,we 
can be cheated easily. 7.         ,we cannot see the things in detail. 
    8.       , 9.      the disadvantages of online shopping,I think it is an 
advanced way to do shopping. 10      we should develop it. 

 答案:1.As is well-known 2.On the one hand 3.Instead of  4.Second 5.On the 
      other hand 6.As a result 7.What’s worse 8.In a word 9.despite 10.So
︱︱高中总复习高中总复习︱︱一轮一轮··英语英语
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