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2018-2019学年高中英语外研版 必修三Module 6 Old and new-Introduction and Reading and Vocabulary

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     Module 6 Old and New

Period One Introduction and Reading 
         and Vocabulary
Review Geographical terms:

continent   island  lake
mountain    river   sea
plain       ocean   coast
equator     desert  range
channel     strait  basin
 a wide piece of flat land where planes can take off 
and land

                   airport

A tornado struck the Hong Kong International 
Airport last week.
上周,一场龙卷风袭击了香港国际机场。
A canal is man-made river, made to allow water to 
flow from one area to another area. e.g. the Panama 
canal

      canal

The连接着加勒比海和太平洋的巴拿马运河由法国人始建于 Panama canal, which connects the Caribbean Sea with 
the1881 Pacific年。  Ocean, was first built by the French.
                     cliff


        a high, steep, or overhanging face 
        of a mountain

He在攀登悬崖的时候,他的腿摔断了。 broke his legs while climbing a cliff.
                dam

  a barrier(障碍物) built across a 
  river to control the flow or raise 
  the level of water

In为了控制和利用尼罗河水,人们修建了阿斯旺大坝 order to control and make use of the Nile river, 
people。  built the Aswan Dam.
       gorge 峡谷

A gorge is a deep, narrow passage 
with steep(陡峭的) rocky sides.
   reservoir


    Do you know the reservoir that 
    provides water for your town?

a natural or artificial pond or lake used for 
storing and controlling water
为某人提供某物

provide sth. for sb.
provide sb. with sth.
supply sth. to sb.
supply sb. with sth.
offer sb. sth.
offer sth. to sb.
offer to do sth.

He who has never been to the Great Wall 
is not a true man. 
    Reading
 1. The Great Wall of China is the longest man-made 
 structure/building (that has) ever (been) built.
          过去分词短语作定语相当于定语从句

(1) The lecture givengiven  byby  ProfessorProfessor  WangWang was wonderful.

        which was given by Professor Wang

(2) The house builtbuilt  lastlast  yearyear will be sold to a foreigner.

              which was built last year
structure  n. ①构造, 结构
今天我们学习了大脑的构造。
We learnt about the structure of the brain today.
② 建筑物(可与building互换)
埃菲尔铁塔是世界上最著名的建筑物之一。
The Eiffel Tower is one of the most famous 
structures in the world.
2. The original wall was 6300 km long.
original adj.最初的, 最早的, 本来的
谁是这座房子最早的主人?
Who was the original owner of this house?
印第安人是美洲最早的居民。
The Indians were the original inhabitants in 
America.
3. Most of the Great Wall dates from the Ming Dynasty.
date n. v.
Don't forget to date your letters.

date from = date back to 
从……时就有;追溯到……

This church dates back to/from 1840.
Dynasty n. 朝代,王朝
The Qin Dynasty was founded by Qin Shihuang.
Hong Kong International Airport


香港国际机场内的商场
1. At the time it was built, Chek Lap Kok 
    Airport in HongKong was the biggest 
                              赤腊角
    civil engineering project of all time.

  civil adj. 民用的, 国内的=national

(1) The American Civil War broke out in 1861.
(2) After the war, he left the army and lived a civil 
life.engineering n. 工程技术;工程学
  He is studying engineering at college.
2. The terminal building is the largest covered 
space in the world.
terminal 
n.
(1) (火车、公共汽车等的)终点站,总站
(2) 航空集散站
adj. 学期末的,期终的;最后的
在上次的期末考试中,我们考得很差。
 We did very badly in the terminal exam.
3. The airport is designed to accommodate 80 million 
passengers a year.

         accommodate vs hold 容纳

hold指“能容纳”
这房子能住下20人。
The house holds 20 people.
accommodate指“舒适地容纳”、“接纳”、
提供住宿(膳食)
The hotel can accommodate over 3000 people.
The Three Gorges Dam
Yangtze River is the world’s third longest river. 

  序数词+最高级 表示位列顺序/排行

  1.中国是世界第三大国。
  China is the third largest country in 
  the world.
  2.黄河是我国的第二长河。

  The Yellow River is the second longest
  river in China.

               水调歌头 游泳
才饮长江水, 又食武昌鱼。
万里长江横渡, 极目楚天舒。
不管风吹浪打, 胜似闲庭信步, 今日得宽余。
子在川上曰:逝者如斯夫!

风樯动, 龟蛇静, 起宏图。
一桥飞架南北, 天堑变通途。
更立西江石壁, 截断巫山云雨, 高峡出平湖。
神女应无恙, 当今世界殊。 
True or False
1.Mao Zedong once dreamed that there would be a great 
dam to harness the power of the Yangtze River.  (      )
2.The Three Gorges Dam will provide enough hydro-
electric power for the whole country. (      )
3.The dam will generate a lot of electricity causing much 
less air pollution. (      )
4.A large number of historical relics have been damaged 
because of the dam. (      )
Mao Zedong wrote a poem in_______ which he dreamed of 
“walls of stone to _________hold back clouds and rain till a 
smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges”. Now his 
dream has _________.come ture  The Three Gorges Dam, 
which_____ is the biggest construction project in China 
____since the Great Wall and the Grand Canal, has 
been completed now. The dam is nearly 200 metres 
____high and 1.5 kilometres wide____.
Sun Yat-sen, ____who  was the leader of the 1911 
Revolution, first _________suggested  the idea of a dam 
______across  the Yangtze River in 1919. Three quarters 
of China’s energy is produced by burning_______ coal. 
Unfortunately_____________ burning coal causes serious air 
pollution and increases ______global warming.
Today the Three Gorges reservoir has _______flooded  
many places. Over a million people _____who  lived 
in the region have moved from their homes. Now 
they’re living/_____________ leading  a happy new life in 
different areas. 
At the same time the Three Gorges project has 
flooded some famous historical sites, ________including 
the Qu Yuan Temple, and the Moya Cliff 
carvings. A good many historical relics have 
been submerged__________. Some of them are being 
________removed  and some are being put_______ into  
museums.

1. dream of 向往,梦想
She dreams of becoming famous one day.
His dream of being a doctor has come true.
2. hold back 阻挡,控制(情感),隐瞒
The police tried to hold the crowd back.
We tried to hold back our laughter.
Tell me the truth – don’t hold anything back.
3. harness vt. 利用(河流、瀑布等)产生动力(
尤指电力)
有些科学家正在努力研究怎样利用潮汐发电。
Some scientists are working hard at how tide can 
be harnessed to produce electricity.
4. providing/provided = suppose = if
    假如,如果, 以……为条件
5. more than any other
  more than any
   more than (1) 超过 (2) 不仅仅 (3) 非常
   more...than 与其……不如
  no more than
  not more than
  nothing more than 只不过
          名词 n.
          现在分词 V-ing
6. suggest
          that从句 + (should) do
          疑问词 + to do

医生建议彻底休息。
The doctor suggested a complete rest.
他提议下一步干什么了吗?
Did he suggest what to do next?
我们都建议尽快送他去医院。
We all suggested that he (should) be taken to 
hospital as soon as possible.
他建议去北京旅游而不是呆在家里。
He suggested making a trip to Beijing instead of 
staying at home.
这些美丽的花儿使人想到春天已经来了。
The beautiful flowers suggest that spring has come 
to the north.
7. equal to 等于,相同的,胜任的 
It’s equal to me whether he comes or not.
He is equal to this task.
He is equal to doing this task.
equal  vt. 等于,比得上,与……匹敌
Two and two equals four.
None of us can equal her as a dancer.
He is equaled by no one in kindness.
8. live a + adj. + life 过着……样的生活

    live a hard life
    live a happy life
    live a healthy life
    live a quiet life
    live a simple life
9. historical vs historic
historic 指历史上有重要意义的,也用于形容那些
因与历史事件或人物有联系而有名或有趣的事物
:
historical是指不管重要与否而在过去存在的所有
事物,也指与历史或对过去的研究有关的事物。 
但这两个词并不是截然不同的。它们经常可换用
:historic times 或 historical times。
10. remove 
(1) 迁移,移居

Our office has removed from Qingdao to Shanghai.
(2) 拿走,移动
Remove your hand from my shoulder.
(3) 脱掉,摘掉
He removed his hat and gloves.
(4) 除掉,排除

These reforms will not remove poverty and injustice.
(5) 免职,解雇
The manager was removed from his post 
yesterday.
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