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必修① 
            Unit 4  Earthquakes 
词句基础过关

   课文经典回顾

     重点词汇讲练

         写作句型仿写
           写作微技能
词句基础过关
 写作词汇

1. ________ruin  the crops毁坏庄稼
2. ________destroy  the whole city摧毁整个城市
3. ________injure  her feelings伤害她的感情
4. ________rescue  him from the fire从大火中救出他
5. ________bury  himself in his books他埋头读书
6. _______judge  a book by its cover凭封面评判一本书
7. _________express  my thanks to you向你表示感谢
8. be _________trapped  in ruins被困在废墟中
9. The water pipes _______.burst  水管爆裂了。
10. The earthquake___________  hit the city. 地震袭击了该城。 
阅读词汇

1. event        n. 井
2. quake        n. 事件;大事
3. disaster     n. 地震
4. well         n. 灾难;灾祸
5. pipe         n. 砖;砖块
6. canal        n. 水坝;堰堤
7. dam          n. 运河;水道
8. brick        n. 管;导管
9. track        n. 电;电流;电学
10. electricity     n. 百万
11. million     n. 民族;国家;国民
12. nation      n. 轨道;足迹;痕迹
13. steam       adj. 极度的
14. extreme     n. 蒸汽;水汽
15. shelter     n. 标题;头衔;资格
16. title       n. 掩蔽;掩蔽处;避身处
17. bar         n.& vt. 损失;损害
18. damage      n. 条;棒;条状物
19. sincerely     n. 要点;大纲;轮廓
20. outline     adv. 真诚地;真挚地
21. headline     n. 农场;农家
22. survivor     n. 报刊的大字标题
23. smelly      adj. 发臭的;有臭味的
24. farmyard     n. 幸存者;生还者;残存物 
词汇转换

1. Two _________(cycle)cyclists  were consulting a road 
map in preparation for a little tour together.

作主语用名词,由“正在查看地图”可知主语是
人,即“骑自行车的人”,又由two可知用复数
。
2. She works as a junior _________reporter
(report) on a local paper.
在冠词加形容词后用名词,又由a local 
paper可知,应是指“记者”。

3. Six _________(mine)miners  were trapped 
underground. 
作主语用名词,“被困在地下”的应是人,
即“矿工”,且由six可知用复数。
4. It is hard to imagine the pain and 
___________(suffer)suffering  they went through.
在冠词后,与pain并列,应为名词,表示“
苦难,痛苦”。

5. Computers would be _________(use)useless  
without software writers. 
作表语用形容词,根据常识,如果没有软件
编写者,电脑会是“无用的”。
6. I was ___________(frighten)frightened  of being left 
by myself in the house.
表示人“感到恐吓的”用-ed形容词。

7. Please give him my ________________congratulations  
(congratulate) when you see him.
在形容词性物主代词后用名词,表示“祝贺
,贺词”常用复数形式。
8. She looked at me as if I had said a ________dirty  
(dirt) word.
在名词前作定语用形容词,表示“脏的”。

9. She was so __________(shock)shocked  that she could 
hardly bring out a word.
作表语用形容词,表示人“感到震惊的”用 -ed 形
容词。 
 词组搭配

1. __________________a (great) number of  families许多家庭
2. _____________the number of  road accidents交通事故的数量
3. _______dig out  the trapped miners挖出困在井下的矿工

4. He behaves as_____ if  he were a child. 他举止像小孩。

5. get in touch with him __________right away 马上和他联系
6. My holiday is __________.at an end  我的假期结束了。
7. lay_________in ruins 成了废墟
8. ___________ofthree-fifths  the students五分之三的学生
9. __________oftwo-thirds  the earth’s surface三分之二的地表
10. choose Tom _________instead of Jim选择汤姆而非吉姆
11. care for ________and________the old the sick 关心老人和病人
美句必背

1. It seemed as if the world ___________was/were  (be)  at 
an end! 看起来好像到了世界末日!

2. ____________Everywhere  they looked nearly everything 
was destroyed. 人们无论朝哪里看,哪里的一切都
几乎被毁了。
 
3. All hope was not _____(lose).lost 不是所有的希望
都破灭了。 
4. In the farmyards,the chickens and even the 
pigs were too nervous _______(eat).to eat  农家大院里
的鸡甚至猪都紧张得不想吃食。

5. But one million people of the city, ______who  
thought little of these _______events  (event),were 
asleep ____usualas  that night.但是唐山市的100万
居民几乎没有把这些情况当回事,当天晚上照
常睡着了。 
课文经典回顾
语法填空
      At 3:42 a.m. everything began to shake. It 
seemed as if the world was at an end! Eleven 
kilometres 1 ________(direct)directly  below the city, the  
2greatest ________(great) earthquake of the 20th century 
had begun. It was felt in Beijing,  3 _______which  is 
more than two hundred kilometres away. One-
third of the nation felt it. A huge crack that was 
eight kilometres long and thirty metres wide cut 
across houses, roads and canals. Steam burst from 
holes 4 ___the in  ground. Hard hills of rock became 
rivers of dirt. 
In fifteen terrible seconds a large city 5 ____lay  (lie) 
in ruins. The suffering of the people 6 _____was  (be) 
extreme. Two-thirds of 7 ______(they)them  died  or 
were injured during the earthquake. Thousands of 
families were killed and many 8_________children  (child) 
were left without parents. 9 _____The  number of 
people who were killed or injured reached more 
than 400,000. Then, later that afternoon, another 
big quake shook Tangshan. More buildings fell 
down. Water, food, and electricity were hard 
10 _______(get).to get  People began to wonder how long 
the disaster would last.
 短文改错

    All hope was not lost. Soon after the quakes the 
army sent 150,000 soldiers to Tangshan to helping 
                                  help
the rescue workers. Hundreds of thousands people
                                of
were helped. The army organized teams to dig out 
those that were trapped and to bury the dead. 
     who
To the north of the city, most of the 10,000 
miners are rescued from the coal mines here.
      were                    there
Workers built shelters to survivors whose 
                 for
home had been destroyed. Fresh water was 
homes
taken to the city by the train, truck and 
plane. Slow, the city began to breath again.  
     Slowly           breathe
1. helping→ help   作目的状语用不定式(to do)。
2. 在people前加of   表示具体几千人不用of,
thousand也不用复数,如three thousand people
;表示数以千计的人,thousands后要加of。
3. that→ who   当先行词是指人的those时,只能
用who引导定语从句。
4. are→ were   由上下文谓语动词时态可知,用
过去时。
5. here→ there   指这座城市北面的煤矿“那里”。 
6. to→ for   表示“为某人”造庇护所/房子,
用for sb。
7. home→ homes   由前面的shelters和
survivors可知,用复数。
8. 去掉by后的the   用by表示“乘”车/船/飞机
等,习惯上说by bus/train/boat/plane,不用
冠词。
9. Slow→ Slowly   位于句首,修饰全句,用
副词作状语。
10. breath→ breathe   表示开始做某事是
begin to do sth,故名词breath要改为动词
breathe。 
重点词汇讲练
1. burst v. 爆裂;突发

搭  配

burst in闯进来;突然插嘴 
burst into sth 突然(哭,笑起来);闯入
burst into laughter=burst out laughing放声大笑 
burst into tears=burst out crying放声大哭 
运 用   填入一个恰当的词。

⑴ The audience burst _____into  cheers.  

⑵ When we were chatting in the room,he 
burst ____.in

⑶ As she was talking,the old man burst 
_____out  crying with excitement. 
2. injure vt. 伤害;使受伤;损害

 派  生  _________injured  adj. 受伤的;受损害的

 理  解   说出下列各句的汉语意思。 

 ⑴ Three people were killed and five injured 
 in the crash. 
 撞车事故中三人死亡, 五人受伤。 
⑵ He injured his knee yesterday.
他昨天伤了膝盖。

⑶ I hope I didn’t injure her feelings. 
我希望我没有伤害她的感情。

⑷ Dishonesty injures a business. 
欺骗有害生意。
3. shock  v.(使)震惊;震动 
                n.休克;打击;震惊
用  法

⑴ 尤指令人不愉快; 
⑵ 作vt. 时,多用于被动语态; 
⑶ 作n.表示“令人震惊的事”时,前用a。

派  生  __________shocked  adj.(人)感到震惊的
      __________shocking  adj. (事)令人震惊的
运  用

⑴ 听到这个消息,我十分震惊。(一句多译)
 a. I _____________was shocked  to hear the news. 
 b. I _______________was shocked at  the news. 
 c. ___________It shocked  me to hear the news. 
 d. The news _________gave me  a shock. 

⑵ 听到这个令人震惊的消息,他感到震惊。
He was shocked __________________________to hear /at the shocking news  
news. 
4. rescue  n. & vt. 援救;营救
    (save…from harm or danger;set free)

搭  配

rescue…from… 从……中抢救或营救…… 
go/come to one’s rescue援救或帮助某人 
rescue work/workers抢救工作/救援人员
运  用

⑴ 救生艇被派出去救沉船的水手。
The life boat was sent out _________to rescue the sailors 
______from  the sinking ship. 

⑵ 直升机从失火大楼的楼顶救出了将近20人。
Helicopters rescued nearly 20 people from the 
roof of the burning building.
5. judge vt. 断定;判断;判决  
               n. 裁判员;法官

搭  配

judge…from/by… 从……来判断……
as far as I can judge 据我判断, 我认为
 judging by/from 从……上看;根据……判断 
 说 明

judging from/by用在句首时, 为一个独
立成分,  不受句子主语和时态影响,  只
用现在分词作状语,  而不用过去分词。
 运 用

(1) Schools tend to ____________________be judged by/from  (
根据……来判断) the performance of their 
students in exams.

(2) _________________________Judging by/from the look  (从表情上
看) on Adam’s face, the news must have been 
terrible.
6. at an end 终了;结束

 联 想

 at the end of…在……的尽头,末端(指时间、地
 点等) 
 by the end of…到……末之前(指时间,常与完
 成时连用)  
 in the end/ finally/ at last/ eventually最后; 终于
 put an end to…结束……  
 come to an end结束 
运  用   填入一个适当的词。

⑴ My friend is waiting for me ____at  the end of 
the road.

⑵ ____By  the end of last month we had finished 
Book 4.

⑶ ____In  the end,they got to their destination.
⑷ The old life is at ____an  end.

⑸ The meeting come to ____an  end at last.

⑹ It’s time to put _____an  end ____to  the 
meeting. 
7. a great number of+复数名词 许多;大量
    the number of+复数名词 ……的数目

 注 意

 “a number of+复数名词”作主语时,谓语动
 词用复数;“the number of+复数名词”作主
 语时,谓语动词用单数。
运  用

The number of the people invited to the party 
_____(be)50was  last night,but a number of them 
were______(be) absent for different reasons. 
写作句型仿写
1. It seemed as if/though… 看上去好像……;
                                               似乎……

说  明   可说It seems that…
 仿  写

⑴ 看上去好像除了我之外别人都知道。
________________________________________It seems as if/though everybody knows it
except me. 

⑵ 听她说话的口气她好像去过美国。 
It seemed as if she had been to America from 
her words.
2. all…not=not all… 并非都……


说  明

all,both,each,always,every及every
的合成词与not连用时表部分否定。 
 仿 写

⑴ 不是所有的学生都通过了考试。
____________________Not all the students  have passed the exam. 

⑵ 并不是每个人都像你那么自私。
_______________Not everyone  is as selfish as you. 
写作微技能
    基本句型1:主语+谓语(vi.)

翻译下列句子:
1. 飞机什么时候到达?
1. When will the plane arrive?

2. 那些男孩在聊天。
2. The boys are chatting.

3. 他们在公园里漫步。 
3. They wandered in the park.
4. 他们冲浪,滑雪,还骑马。
4. They surf, ski and ride. 

5. 人没有水就不能生存。
5. One cannot exist without water. 

6. 我在农村长大。
6. I grew up in the countryside.

7. 你的计划成功了吗?
7. Did your plan pay off?
8. 他们的婚礼将于五月举行。
8. Their marriage/wedding will take 
place in May.

9. 十点钟他终于露面了。
9. He finally showed up at ten o’clock.

10. 汽车在到达目的地的中途抛锚了。
10. The car broke down halfway to the 
destination
Thank you !
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