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2019高考英语一轮复习练习题新人教版必修5 Unit2TheUnitedKingdom含解析

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                           The United Kingdom
                                    李仕才
一、阅读理解
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的             A、B、C  和  D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

    Cities usually have a good reason for being where they are, like a nearby 

port or river. People settle in these places because they are easy to get to 

and naturally suited to communications and trade. New York City, for example, 

is near a large harbour at the mouth of the Hudson River. Over 300 years its 

population grew gradually from 800 people to 8 million. But not all cities 

develop slowly over a long period of time. Boom towns grow from nothing almost 

overnight. In 1896, Dawson, Canada, was unmapped wilderness(荒野). But gold was 

discovered there in 1897, and two years later, it was one of the largest cities 

in the West, with a population of 30,000.

    Dawson did not have any of the natural conveniences of cities like London 

or Paris. People went there for gold. They travelled over snow-covered 

mountains and sailed hundreds of miles up icy rivers. The path to Dawson was 

covered with thirty feet of wet snow that could fall without warming. An 

avalanche(雪崩) once closed the path, killing 63 people. For many who made it 

to Dawson, however, the rewards were worth the difficult trip. Of the first 

20,000 people who dug for gold, 4,000 got rich. About 100 of these stayed rich 

men for the rest of their lives.

    But no matter how rich they were, Dawson was never comfortable. Necessities 

like food and wood were very expensive. But soon, the gold that Dawson depended 

on had all been found. The city was crowded with disappointed people with no 

interest in settling down, and when they heard there were new gold discoveries 

in Alaska, they left Dawson City as quickly as they had come. Today, people 

still come and go — to see where the Canadian gold rush happened. Tourism is 

now the chief industry of Dawson City — its present population is 762.
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1. What attracted the early settlers to New York City?

  A. Its business culture.

  B. Its small population.

  C. Its geographical position.

  D. Its favourable climate.

2. What do we know about those who first dug for gold in Dawson?

  A. Two-thirds of them stayed there.

  B. One out of five people got rich.

  C. Almost everyone gave up.

  D. Half of them died.

3. What was the main reason for many people to leave Dawson?

  A. They found the city too crowded.

  B. They wanted to try their luck elsewhere.

  C. They were unable to stand the winter.

  D. They were short of food.

4. What is the text mainly about?

  A. The rise and fall of a city.

  B. The gold rush in Canada.

  C. Journeys into the wilderness.
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  D. Tourism in Dawson.

    【话题解读】这是一篇说明文。文章主要介绍了                    Dawson 这座城市的发展原因、过程与

现状。


       

2.B  【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第二段最后一句                    Of the first 20,000 people who 

      dug for gold, 4,000 got rich. About 100 of these stayed rich men for the 

      rest of their lives.可知,在最初挖黄金的两万人中有              4000 人变富有,所以是五

      分之一的人变富了,故          B 正确。

3.B  【解析】细节理解题。根据文章最后一段中                  and when they heard there were new 

      gold discoveries in Alaska, they left Dawson City as quickly as they had 

      come.可知,人们离开       Dawson 的主要原因是听说在        Alaska 发现了黄金,也就是他们

      要去别的地方寻找发财的机会。故               B 正确。

4.A  【解析】主旨大意题。第一段简要介绍城市发展的原因,引出                          Dawson 这一城市的兴

      起,第二段介绍了该城市兴起的原因,第三段介绍人们选择离开该城市的原因及现

      在的状况,所以全文围绕           Dawson 这个城市的发展起伏。故          A 正确。


二、教材与语法填空
根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
    The United  Kingdom 1.         (consist) of England,  Wales, Scotland and 
Northern Ireland. England is the largest  and for 2.       (convenient) it is 
divided roughly into three zones. London is the centre of national government 
and its  administration, 3.        its  fine museums, art collections and the 
oldest port.
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    Why did only Northern  Ireland join England?In  4.        early twentieth 
century the  English government tried to  form the United  Kingdom by getting 
Ireland 5.         (connect) without conflict. However, the  southern part of 
Ireland was unwilling and broke away 6.       (form) its own government. To 7.      
(they) credit, the  countries do work together in the currency, international 
relations and so on, but they still have very different 8.      (institution).
    9.         is a pity that in England the industrial cities do not attract 
visitors. People can go to the older but small towns 10.       (build) by the 
Romans for historical architecture and to the countryside for great scenery as 
well.
答案:1.consists 2.convenience 3.with 4.the    5.connected 
6.to form 7.their 8.institutions    9.It   10.built

三、完形填空
    阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的                A、B、C  和 D 四个选项中,选出可能填入空白处
的最佳选项。

    An 18­year­old student at Stanford University was struggling to pay his 
fees.Not knowing where to turn for money,he came up with a bright __1__.He and 

a friend decided to host a musical concert on campus to __2__ money for their 
education.
    They__3__ out to the great pianist Ignacy J.Paderewski.His manager__4__ a 
guaranteed fee of$2,000 for the piano recital(独奏会).A deal was__5__ and the 

boys began to work to make the concert a __6__.
    The big day arrived.But __7__ ,they had not managed to sell enough 
tickets.The total __8__ was only $1,600.Disappointed,they went to Paderewski 
and explained their plight(困境).They gave him the entire $1,600,plus a __9__ 

for the balance$400.They promised to honor the check at the __10__ 
possible.Paderewski tore up the check,__11__ the$1,600 and told the two boys 
to keep the money they needed for the fees.The boys were__12__ ,and thanked 

him heartedly.
    It was a small act of __13__.But it clearly marked out Paderewski __14__ a 
great human being.
    __15__ should he help two people he did not even know? We all __16__ 
situations like these in our lives.And__17__ of us only think“If I help them,
what will happen to me?”The truly __18__ people think,“If I don't help 
them,what will happen to them?”They don't do it __19__ something in 

return.They do it __20__ they feel it's the right thing to do.
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1.A.time      B.task
   C.idea           D.decision
2.A.receive          B.raise
   C.borrow         D.donate
3.A.reached          B.turned
   C.pointed         D.called
4.A.increased         B.covered
   C.considered        D.demanded
5.A.rejected           B.struck
   C.canceled         D.attracted
6.A.success           B.career
   C.background      D.performance
7.A.uncertainly        B.unbelievably
   C.unfortunately     D.undoubtedly
8.A.cost              B.bill
   C.collection        D.allowance
9.A.benefit           B.profit
   C.charge          D.check
10.A.soonest          B.latest
    C.longest         D.farthest
11.A.took             B.counted
    C.deposited       D.returned
12.A.pleased          B.surprised
    C.frightened       D.interested
13.A.devotion         B.kindness
    C.sympathy       D.teamwork
14.A.like             B.for
    C.as             D.to
15.A.How            B.Where
    C.When          D.Why
16.A.come across      B.deal with
    C.adapt to        D.think of
17.A.both            B.few
    C.none          D.most
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    18.A.able            B.rich
        C.great          D.famous
    19.A.taking           B.expecting
        C.offering        D.preparing
    20.A.because         B.though
        C.before         D.so
    【解题导语】两个大学生本想通过组织一场音乐会赚取学费,可是音乐会并不成功,
但善良的受邀钢琴家的大方举动却给他们解了围。
    1.C 根据设空后的        He and a friend decided to host a musical concert...可知,
他和朋友决定举办一场音乐会以筹集学费,这是他的想法(idea)。故选                           C 项。
    2.B 根据上文中的        Not knowing where to turn for money 可知,由于学费不够,
他和朋友决定举办音乐会来筹集学费。receive                 意为“收到”;raise      意为“筹集”;
borrow 意为“借”;donate     意为“捐献”。故选         B 项。
    3.A reach out to  意为“表示对……感兴趣;表示愿意提供援助”;turn out                     意为
“证明是;结果是”;point out          意为“指出”;call out       意为“大声呼叫;呼喊”。根
据第二段可知,他们开音乐会要邀请著名的钢琴家,说明他们对这位钢琴家有兴趣。故选
A 项。
    测训诊断:本题考生易误选            B 项。考生易把     turn to“求助于”和      turn out to“证明
是;结果是”以及        reach out to“表示对……感兴趣”混淆。
    4.D 根据设空后的        a guaranteed fee 可知,钢琴家的经纪人要求(demanded)他们付
2,000 美元的保证金。故选        D 项。increase  意为“增加”;cover       意为“覆盖;遮蔽;包
括;报道”;consider      意为“考虑;细想;认为”。
    5.B 根据设空后的        began to work 可知,他们之间达成了协议。strike a deal            意
为“达成协议”;reject        意为“拒绝”;cancel       意为“取消”;attract       意为“吸引”。
故选   B 项。
    6.A 他们达成了协议,并且为了音乐会的成功举办,他们开始积极筹备。故选                                 A 项。
success 意为“成功的事”,career        意为“职业;事业”;background          意为“背景;出身”
;performance 意为“表演;演出;表现”。
    7.C 根据前文可知他们达成了协议,再根据设空后的                      had not managed to sell 
enough tickets 可知,他们并没有卖出足够的票,这对他们来说是不幸的。故选                          C 项。
    8.C 根据设空后的$1,600        以及下文的$400     可知,此处指他们总的筹款为             1,600 美元。
cost 意为“花费;成本;代价”;bill            意为“账单”;collection       意为“筹集的钱;收
藏品”;allowance    意为“津贴;补贴”。
    9.D 根据下文的       They promised to honor the check at the ________ 
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possible.可知,因为他们并没有筹到足够的钱,所以又写了                     400 美元的支票作为欠款。故
选  D 项。
    10.A 他们承诺尽快(soonest)承兑支票,故选              A 项。
    11.D 根据空前的       Paderewski tore up the check 及空后的   told the two boys to 
keep the money they needed for the fees 可知,钢琴家撕毁了支票,并且还把
1,600 美元还给了(returned)他们让他们当做学费。故选                D 项。
    12.B 根据上文可知,他们本来是承诺了要给钢琴家                     2,000 美元,但却没有筹够钱,
而钢琴家又把钱还给了他们,因此,他们非常惊讶(surprised)而且非常感激。故选                              B 项。
pleased 意为“高兴的;快乐的;满意的”;frightened               意为“害怕的”;interested        意
为“感兴趣的”。
    13.B 根据上文可知,钢琴家没有要保证金,而且把钱给了两个大学生充当学费,因
此这是一个善举。devotion        意为“献身;贡献”;kindness          意为“善良”;sympathy       意
为“同情”;teamwork      意为“团队合作”。故选           B 项。
    14.C 钢琴家的善举使得他更显人的伟大之处。mark...out as                   意为“使……看上去
脱颖而出成为……”,符合语境。故选                 C 项。
    15.D 根据下文可知,每个人都遇到过帮与不帮别人的问题,由此可推测,本句应是
探讨帮助别人的原因。故选            D 项。
    16.A 根据下文      And ________ of us only think“If I help them, what will 
happen to me?”可知,我们都曾遇到过类似的情况。come across                 意为“偶遇;邂逅”
,符合语境。故选        A 项。deal with  意为“处理;处置”;adapt to          意为“适应”;think 
of 意为“想起;想到”。
    17.D 根据语境可知,此处应指我们大多数,故选                    D 项。
    18.C 根据上句可知,大多数人是在想帮助别人对自己的影响,而伟大的人却想如果
不帮助别人对他人有什么影响。great              意为“伟大的”,符合语境。故选              C 项。
    19.B 根据上文的“If I don't help them, what will happen to them?”可知,
他们是在考虑别人,不求(expecting)回报。故选               B 项。
    20.A 根据最后一段可知,伟大的人不求回报地去帮助别人,他们之所以这么做,是
因为他们感觉这是正确的事情。因此,设空处表原因,引导原因状语从句。故选                                  A 项。

四、教材与话题写作
(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.众所周知,英国由英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰和北爱尔兰四个国家组成。英格兰是四个国
家中最大的一个。(consist of)
                                    
答案:As     we all  know, the  UK  consists of  four countries—England,  Wales, 
Scoltland  and Northern  Ireland. England  is  the largest  one  of the  four 
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countries.
2.英国位于欧洲西北部,英吉利海峡(the                   English   Channel)把它与欧洲大陆分开。
(separate)
                                    
答案:The UK lies in the northwest of Europe and it is separated from Europe by 
the English Channel.
3.它的首都伦敦是欧洲最大和最具国际特色的城市。(international)
                                    
答案:Its capital London is Europe’s largest and most international city.
4.在那里有很多旅游景点,每年吸引着来自世界各地的游客。(tourist attraction)
                                    
答案:There are lots of tourist attractions and they attract visitors from all 
over the world every year.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。
                                    
                                    
                                    
                                    

五、下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。
    Which we  all know,  the UK  consists of  four countries—England,  Wales, 
Scotland and Northern Ireland, of which England is the larger one. The UK lie 
in  the northwest of  Europe, which is  separated from Europe by  the English 
Channel. Its capital London is Europe’s  largest and most international city, 
where there are lots of tourist attraction and they attract visitors from all 
over the world in every year. 
答案:
    Which
     As    we all  know, the UK  consists of  four countries—England,  Wales, 
                                                      larger            lie
Scotland and Northern Ireland, of which England is the largest one. The UK lies in 
the northwest of Europe, which is separated from Europe by the English Channel. 
Its capital London is Europe’s largest and 
                                                            attraction
most international  city, where there are  lots of tourist  attractions and they 
attract visitors from all over the world in every year. 

 


 
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