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2019届高考英语(浙江专版)一轮复习练习:必修4 1 Unit1

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                                           


    Ⅰ 阅读理解
                                        A
    Joseph Goldberger was a doctor for the United States Public Health Service and he was an 
advocate for scientific and social recognition of the links between poverty and disease. In 1914, 
Goldberger was asked by U.S. Surgeon General Rupert Blue to study a skin disease that was 
killing thousands of people in the South. The disease was pellagra(糙皮病).
    Goldberger traveled to the state of Mississippi where many people suffered from pellagra. He 
studied the victims and their families. Most of the people lived a hard life. The  doctor came to 
believe that the disease didn’t pass on from one to another, but was instead related to food. He 
received permission from the state governor to test this idea at a prison. Prisoners were offered 
pardons if they took part. One group of prisoners received their usual foods, mostly corn products. 
A second group ate meat, fresh vegetables and drank milk. Members of the first group developed 
pellagra. The second group did not.
    But some medical researchers refused to accept Goldberger’s idea. For the South, pellagra 
was more than simply a medical problem. There were other things, including Southern pride.
    So Goldberger had himself injected(注射) with blood from a person with pellagra. He also 
took liquid from the nose and throat of a pellagra patient and put them into his own nose and 
throat. He even swallowed pills that contained skin from pellagra patients. An assistant also took 
part in the experiments. So did Goldberger’s wife. None of them got sick.
    Joseph Goldberger died of cancer in 1929. He was fifty­five years old. Several years later, 

researchers discovered the exact cause of pellagra:a lack of vitamin B3 known as niacin.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇记叙文。文章介绍了美国医生                        Joseph Goldberger 研究糙皮

病的患病原因的过程。Joseph Goldberger        医生的认真、牺牲精神令人感动。

    1.Who were easy targets of pellagra according to Goldberger?
    A.People in America.
    B.People put into prison.
    C.People having a poor diet.
    D.People touching pellagra patients.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段中的“Most                   of the people lived a hard life...the 
disease didn’t pass on from one to another, but was instead related to food.”,再结合
Goldberger 在监狱进行的实验的内容可知,在             Joseph Goldberger 看来,糙皮病和食物有关,
而且患者大多生活条件差;再结合实验中提到的主要吃玉米制品的犯人最后患上了该病可
知,不良的饮食容易导致人们患糙皮病。
    2.What did Goldberger want to prove by the experiments mentioned in Paragraph 4?
    A.Pellagra wasn’t so terrible.
    B.Pellagra didn’t spread.
    C.Pellagra could be cured.
    D.Pellagra wasn’t a medical problem.
    B 解析:推理判断题。根据第二段中提到的                   Goldberger 认为糙皮病不是传染病以及
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

第四段中提到的他为了证明自己的观点而进行的实验的内容(将患糙皮病的人的血液注射到
自己的体内、将糙皮病病人的鼻腔和口腔中的液体放入自己的鼻腔和口腔以及吞咽含有糙
皮病病人的皮肤组织的药丸)和结果(他没患病)可推知,Goldberger                    进行实验是为了证明糙
皮病不传染。
    3.Which words can be used to describe Goldberger?
    A.Devoted and determined.
    B.Selfless and friendly.
    C.Patient and expert.
    D.Stubborn and enthusiastic.
    A 解析:推理判断题。文中提到的               Goldberger 在监狱及在他自己身上做实验的内容
表明他全心全意地投入到对糙皮病的研究中,有奉献精神;尽管一些人不认可
Goldberger 的观点,但他仍坚持自己的看法并坚决地去证明自己的观点是正确的,这体现
出他意志坚定。故选         A。
                                        B
    We  talk about people being “colour­blind” but very few of us are. Even those who 
describe themselves as colour­blind are normally just colour deficient. A strongly colour­blind 
person will still be able to tell 20 different colours, compared to the 100 or so that normal­sighted 
people see.
    Pingelap, a tiny island in the Pacific, is a beautiful spot but one that has a genetic trouble. It is 
known as Colour­blind Island because so many people who live on this remote island can only see 
in black and white.
    Not being able to see in colour is bad enough. But one islander, Herrol, who’s a fisherman, 
also struggles in full sunlight because all he sees is a painful burnt­out image.“I find it difficult to 
go outside in the sun,” he says,“because when it’s sunny I cannot see to do my work.”
    But if being truly colour­blind is rare, why is it that around 10% of the population of 
Pingelap live in a totally black and white world?
    Well, we know that in 1780 the population of Pingelap was all but wiped out by a tsunami(海
啸). As few as 20 people survived, one of whom was the king. It’s believed he had a genetic 
fault that causes colour­blindness and he passed this fault on to his many generations.
    There is one advantage. Herrol can see well, really well, in the dark. So when it gets dark, 
Herrol and his friends get in their boats and hunt flying fish. They hang up flaming torches and the 
flying fish are attracted to the flames. “This type of fishing is fun,” Herrol says, “especially 
if we catch plenty. So even though it’s hard work we enjoy it.”

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇说明文,主要介绍了色盲岛——Pingelap                        岛,以及该岛上

居民色盲的原因、情况等。

    4.What is Pingelap famous as?
    A.A tiny island.
    B.A beautiful island.
    C.A mentally troubled island.
    D.A colour­blind island.
    D 解析:细节理解题。根据第二段第二句可知,Pingelap                    岛因被称为色盲岛而出名,
故  D 项正确。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    5.What can we infer about Herrol?
    A.He may stay at home when it’s sunny.
    B.He is interested in burnt­out images.
    C.He likes taking photos very much.
    D.He doesn’t live in Pingelap any more.
    A 解析:推理判断题。根据第三段最后一句可知,他发现在阳光下无法看清东西,
所以无法工作;据此可以判断,阳光充足时他可能会待在家里面,故                             A 项正确。
    6.Why are so many people in Pingelap colour­blind?
    A.Because Pingelap often suffers from tsunamis.
    B.Because the king had an unlucky marriage.
    C.Because the king’s genetic fault played a role.
    D.Because the king made a serious mistake.
    C 解析:细节理解题。根据第五段最后一句可知,该岛的国王有导致色盲的基因,
这是一种基因缺陷,他将这一基因传给了后代,所以岛上的很多人是色盲,故                                 C 项正确。
    7.What would be the best title for the text?
    A.The Island of Colour­blindness
    B.The Disadvantage of Herrol
    C.The History of Pingelap
    D.The Advantage of Colour­blindness
    A 解析:标题归纳题。通读全文可知,本文主要介绍了色盲岛——Pingelap                           岛,    故
A 项正确。
    Ⅱ 完形填空
    Honesty is always the best policy,especially when it comes to mental health problems. In a 
TV __1__,one girl gets very real about dealing with anxiety and panic.
    “I was the best student in my high school. I put so much __2__ on myself,” she said. “I 
never __3__a class. But I got sick during 10th grade and I started to __4__. That was when the 
panic attacks began.” She goes on to describe what a panic attack __5__ like,“One day the 
teacher handed me my grade __6__,and I couldn’t breathe. My heart was beating very __7__. I 
felt disconnected. I saw people trying to talk to me but I couldn’t hear them. Afterwards,I was 
sent to __8__,” she shared.
    It was then __9__ the attacks started happening __10__ daily,and they haven’t stopped. 
“Last year I started college. And I can’t be the best student here no matter how hard I try,” 
she said. “Everyone is so __11__. My panic attacks got so bad that I had to __12__ my first 
semester.”
    However,now  she is facing her anxiety,and things are getting better. “I used to try to 
hide __13__. I thought that __14__ nobody knew,it would not exist,” she said. “But the 
more I talk about my __15__,the more I realize that other people experience __16__ things. So 
I’m trying to express it more. I had a great teacher __17__ told me,‘Instead of letting anxiety 
keep you from doing your art,let it be the thing that __18__your art.’”
    Recently,women all over the world took to Twitter to __19__ what anxiety is like. We are 
__20__ alone.

    【解题导语】 本文是一篇夹叙夹议文。一个女孩分享了她曾经的焦虑经历,后来,

她勇敢面对焦虑,情况得以好转。作者借这个事例说明直面困难、坦陈问题往往是解决心
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

理健康问题的良策。

    1.A.project                            B.program
    C.platform                             D.station
    B 解析:根据“In       a TV ______,one girl gets very real about dealing with anxiety and 
panic.”可知,在一个电视节目(program)中,一个女孩坦诚地分享了她克服焦虑和惊恐的经
历,故   B 项正确。A     项意为“项目”,C        项意为“平台”,D         项意为“站”,都与语境不
符。
    2.A.weight                             B.height  
    C.pressure                             D.measure
    C 解析:根据前一句“I         was the best student in my high school.”再结合该句“ I put so 
much ______ on myself”可知,该句是说,在学校里这个女孩是一位优等生,她自己给自己
施加了很多压力。C         项意为“压力”,符合语境,故             C 项正确。A     项意为“体重”,B        项
意为“身高”,D        项意为“度量单位”,都与语境不符。
    3.A.joined                             B.succeeded
    C.failed                               D.attended
    C 解析:根据上文,再结合该句“I never ______a class.”可知,这个女孩从没有考试不
及格过;C     项意为“不及格”,符合语境,故              C 项正确。A     项意为“加入”;B        项意为
“成功”;D      项意为“参加”。
    4.A.fall behind                        B.fall down
    C.leave behind                         D.leave alone
    A 解析:根据上下文可知,在十年级时这个女孩生病了,成绩开始落后;A                                项意为
“落后”,符合语境,故           A 项正确。B    项意为“跌倒;失败”;C            项意为“留下,遗留”
;D  项意为“不打扰”。
    5.A.looks                              B.sounds
    C.tastes                               D.feels
    D 解析:根据空处前后句可知,这个女孩是在描述焦虑症发作时的感觉。feel                               like 为
固定搭配,意为“感觉像是……”,符合语境,故                     D 项正确。
    6.A.report                             B.survey
    C.research                             D.notice
    A 解析:根据该句中“One           day  the teacher handed me my grade ______,and I 
couldn’t       breathe.”可知,老师将成绩单交给了这个女孩;表示“成绩单”用“grade 
report”,故 A 项正确。
    7.A.mildly                             B.wildly
    C.slowly                               D.severely
    B 解析:根据后一句“I         felt disconnected.”可以判断,这个女孩看到了她的成绩单后感
觉无法呼吸,心脏疯狂地(wildly)跳动,故             B 项正确。A     项意为“温和地”;C         项意为“缓
慢地”;D     项意为“严格地”。
    8.A.school                             B.work
    C.hospital                             D.home
    C 解析:参见上题解析并结合该句“Afterwards,I was sent to ______”可以判断,最
后,这个女孩被送往医院。故             C 项正确。
    9.A.when                               B.since
    C.before                               D.that
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    D 解析:根据该句“It was then ______ the attacks started happening ______ daily,and 
they haven’t stopped.”可知,该句使用了强调句型,被强调的部分是                  then,故用   that 引导
句中的其他部分,故         D 项正确。
    10.A.still                             B.always
    C.merely                               D.almost
    D 解析:根据空处所在句可知,从那时起焦虑几乎每天发生,没有停止过。D                                 项意
为“几乎”,符合语境,故            D 项正确。
    11.A.ambitious                         B.anxious
    C.talented                             D.experienced
    C 解析:根据空处前一句可知,在大学里,无论这个女孩怎么努力都无法成为最好
的学生;结合该句“Every one is so ______.”可知,每个人都有天赋;C                  项意为“有天赋
的”,符合语境,故         C 项正确。
    12.A.arrange                           B.perform
    C.operate                              D.cancel
    D 解析:根据该句“My panic attacks got so bad that I had to ______ my first semester.”可
知,这个女孩的焦虑症变得如此严重,她不得不休学。D                        项意为“取消”,符合语境,故
D 项正确。
    13.A.it                                B.them
    C.me                                   D.us
    A 解析:根据空处前后句可知,空处指代前一句的“anxiety”,后一句中的“it                           would 
not exist”也是提示。故此处用       it。
    14.A.unless                            B.if
    C.while                                D.as
    B 解析:根据语境可知,空处引导条件状语从句,故此处用                         if。
    15.A.confidence                        B.dream
    C.issue                                D.desire
    C 解析:根据上下文可知,空处是指这个女孩的焦虑问题。C                          项意为“问题”,符
合语境,故     C 项正确。A     项意为“信心”;B        项意为“梦想”;D         项意为“渴望”。
    16.A.similar                           B.familiar
    C.various                              D.serious
    A 解析:根据上下文可知,此处是指这个女孩对她的问题谈得越多,她就越意识到
其他人也经历过相似的事情。文章的最后一段也是提示。故                         A 项正确。
    17.A.who                               B.whom
    C.whose                                D.which
    A 解析:分析该句结构可知,该句为定语从句,先行词为“a great teacher”,在从句中
作主语,故用      who 引导该定语从句。
    18.A.abandons                          B.quits
    C.motivates                            D.protests
    C 解析:根据语境可知,空处应用与“keep you from doing your art”意义相反的一个动
词。C   项意为“激励”,符合语境,故              C 项正确。A    项意为“放弃”;B        项意为“停止”
;D  项意为“反对”。
    19.A.advertise                         B.advise
    C.share                                D.compare
    C 解析:根据该句“Recently,women all over the world took to Twitter to ______ what 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

anxiety is  like.”可知,最近,世界各地的女性都在推特上分享了焦虑的经历。C                         项意为
“分享”,符合语境,故           C 项正确。
    20.A.always                            B.sometimes
    C.seldom                               D.never
    D 解析:参见上题解析,再结合该句“We                 are ______ alone.”可知,焦虑者不是孤独
的,故用否定词       never。
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