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高考专题复习——短文改错精华提高篇课件

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How to correct a 
  composition
   短文改错

           一、动词形
       主要包括两类错误:动词的时态和语态
 错误,以及主、谓不一致的错误。
2007四川卷:
   But, to my surprise, when he gets home, he saw 
the animal waiting at the door, still wearing his 
jacket with the wallet in the pocket. got

2007天津卷:
   In Grand Eight I took physics. In one test I get 
only 36 percent of the answers correct.got
§ 2006安徽卷:
§ Anyone can borrow books if he or she wish. 
                       wishes
§ 2006安徽卷:
§ You can sit at the desk and read the daily 
  newspapers, magazines and the other 
  books, but you are not permit to take them 
  out              permitted
 
§ 2006天津卷:
§ Today, I got a letter thatadmitted said I had been 
  admitting to a college. 
         二、名词数

        指名词单、复数形式的用法错误。常表
  现为将名词复数写成单数。

2007陕西卷:Personally, I found most  
                        lesson rather uninteresting. 
                  lessons 

2006浙江卷:Your knowledges of Greece              
                       can help the whole class
                    knowledge
§ 2006福建卷:
§  If you have interests in it, reply to 
 me soon. 
           interest
§ 2006陕西卷:
§  They have all sorts of course. I’m 
 sure you will find one you like it. 
                courses
§ 2006重庆卷:
§ In summer, the sea under the blue 
 skies is even more beautiful. sky
       三、还要注意形和副

      注意形容词和副词在句子中的作用和具体用
法。这也是高考短文改错题的常考点。
2007浙江卷:I got to the finishing line 
first. I won the race. I felt very proudly of 
myself.            proud
2006福建卷:We can hear birds singing 
happy all around. 
      happily
§ 2006湖北卷:
§ A helping hand is always 
 stronger enough to lift you up. 
            strong
§ 2006辽宁卷:
§ She was usual patient with her 
 students and never made them 
 disappointed. 
               usually
       四、非谓语,细辨别

        这是考查最多的错误形式之一。主要有现
在分词、过去分词,动名词和不定式错误。
2007浙江卷: I could not to run very fast and  
                       fell behind.

2007宁夏卷:Li Meng came see me every 
                      day. 
                         to
2006天津卷: 
      You always gave me special attention 
 and inspired to me to join in activities. 
2006天津卷: 
     I just want to thank you for helping 
 me becoming a different person.
NMET 2003:  become
     Soon I began to enjoy talk to  talking   
 myself on paper as I was learning to 
 express myself in simple English. 
        五、 代词格,细领悟

 1. 人称代词,物主代词的使用.
 2. 2.反身代词oneself 的使用.
 3.人称代词的主格和宾格.
 4.不定代词的使用.
 5.Both, all, either, neither, none的使用.
 6.  Whose 和who’s, its和 it’s的区别.

( 2007全国I)                when
     I was only about six that he held his 
hand out to me. I took it in me and we 
walked.                        mine
2007全国II: 
   While the others are jumping about in the air, 
  I can run under my legs and get the ball.
                 their
2007陕西:
   Just at that time I woke up and found me still 
  in bed!
                          myself
 2006辽宁卷:
    She always made sure that our homework 
  was finished on time, and she marked strictly 
  on student’s actual performance.

      students’/our
       六、习惯用法要记住
        主要考查习惯搭配方面的基础知识,其
错误表现形式主要有三种:多词、少词和搭
配错误。
                   catch a sight of


                    lose my heart 
                         in hurry∨  a
                   in Sunday afternoon on
                      express us ourselves
                    such many people so
§ 2007陕西卷: They were used to write on the 
 blackboard and asked us difficult questions. 
§  2007浙江卷:So I didn’t lose my heart and kept 
 running. 
§ 2007浙江卷:I was so encouraged that I ran faster 
 and fast till I caught up all the other runners. 
    faster           with
§ 2006天津卷:Because the help you gave me that 
 summer, My life changed. of
§ 2006福建卷:I have been told one more worker  will 
 be needed this year and I think you are fit it. 
                                  for
§ 2006福建卷: It is so a beautiful place! 
               such
         七、句子成分多分析
        不同的句子成分要用不同的词类;不同的语境要
选择不同的词语。只有对句子结构和成分作细致的分
析,才能找出用词不当的错误。
 NMET 2004 : I don’t know that they don’t

                                    like to talk with me. why
 2007天津卷:I was lucky enough to have a
                       teacher which didn’t take my  
                       bad grades as a judgement of 
                       my abilities, but …
                          who / that
       八、逻辑错误须关注

      与句子的上、下文不一致,甚至相矛盾,属于
逻辑性错误,如称谓上的张冠李戴。

2006四川卷:That night,we sat down to what 
they thought would be a pleasant, 
uninterrupted meals.         we

NMET 2005: Some students may also  save  
up for our college or future use.  their
      九、冠词、连词常光顾
 常考的错误形式有:连词but, and, or和so的用
 法错误,以及冠词的用法错误等。
2oo7全国II:I meant to write long letter and tell                     
                       you all the things I’m doing at the  
                       school… a 
2007四川卷:An Australian farmer found the  a
                       kangaroo caught in the fence around his                    
                       farms. 
§ 2007浙江卷:Today I was having a PE 
  lesson while I fell down and hurt my foot.
§              when
§ 2006辽宁卷:She always made sure that 
  our homework was finished on time, but 
  she marked strictly on our actual 
  performance.                and
§    
§ 2007四川卷: He thought the poor animal 
  was injured, but the kind farmer took off 
  his jacket and put on the animal. 
              and

At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his  1.
father to choose a Christmas tree. They choose 2.

a big one. It was almost as taller as the room! 3. 

They put them in the corner of the sitting 4.

room. Jim was covered it with a lot of 5.
Christmas light. The sitting room looked 6.
really beautifully at the moment. There was 7.

a fire burning in the fire place, but theChristmas8.
tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and his 9.

parents singing and dancing happily. 10.
This passage is about______C
A. Jim’s family.
B. Christmas lights.
C. How Jim’s family decorated the Christmas      
tree on Christmas Eve.
____At Christmas Eve, Jim went with his
1._____on 介词短语常常考,习惯用法要记住

father to choose a Christmas tree. They _________choose 
2._____chose      动词形

a big one. It was almost as _______taller as the room!
3._____tall       还要注意形和副

They put _______them in the corner of the sitting
4._____it         代词格,细领悟
room. Kate \was covered it with a lot of
5._____was\          动词形
Christmas _______light. The sitting room looked
6. ____lights        名词数
really beautifully_____________ at the moment. There was 
7. ________beautiful 还要注意形和副

a fire burning in the fire place, ____but the Christmas
8. ____and           冠词连词须关注
tree lights were shinning brightly. Jim and his
9. ____√
parents∧ singing and dancing happily.
10.____were           动词形
      短文改错应注意的问题  
四不改:
 ①标点符号不改。

 ②大小写不改。

 ③词序错误不改。

 ④在纲外生词不改。
   文中出现带汉语注释的词,在句中不可能用错
 。 

 

            短文改错编码(12345+9)
§ 一性:准确性
§ 二规范:答题格式规范(增、删、对、错符号规范)、卷
  面书写规范(字母大、小写及双写规范)
§ 三特点: 1.短文改错题往往是内容较浅显,题材轻松
  的记叙文。 2.短文改错中的错误分为语法错误和逻辑
  错误两种。 3.短文改错题共10行。其中正确1处;多词
  1-2处;少词1-2处;错词6处左右。
§ 四步骤:1.通读短文,掌握主旨大意  2.细读全文,逐
  行找错 3.字斟句酌,先易后难 4.复读全文,验证答案
§ 五原则:1.每行改动不能超过二处原则 2.虚词添加或
  删除原则 3.实词改变词形原则 4.句子原意不变原则 
  5.正确句不改原则
§ 九一致:时态一致 、语态一致 、主谓一致 、平行一致 
  、主饰一致 、指代一致 、逻辑一致、搭配一致、单复
  数一致 
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