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                    素养提升模拟练 八
                             人物与职业


  2016   年 10 月浙江高考题阅读理解         C 篇通过对远程办公的调查说明公司应

该采取更灵活的工作时间,           让员工兼顾工作与家务。旨在使考生合理进行职业

生涯规划,     珍惜学习机会,      具有数字化生存能力,         适应社会信息化发展趋势,           具

有终身学习的意识。


                                                 (2016·浙江 10 月高考)

  Digital technology—email and smart phones especially—have vastly improved 

workers’ ability to be productive outside of a traditional office. Even so,  most 

white-collar work still happens in an office. One reason is that,  according to 

findings of a new survey(调查) of office workers conducted by Wakefield Research 

for the IT company Citrix,  most bosses are doubtful about remote working. Half of 

th e workers say their boss doesn’t accept it,  and only 35 percent say it’s tolerated. 

  Skeptical bosses will likely have their doubts reinforced(加深) by the same 

survey,  which shows that 43 percent of workers say they’ve watched TV or a movie 

while “working” remotely,  while 35 percent have done housework,  and 28 

percent have cooked dinner. 
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  It is true,  however,  that working at home makes people much more 

efficient(高效的),  because it allows workers to take care of annoying housework 

while still getting their jobs done. It’s much faster,  for example,  to shop for 

groceries at a quarter to three than to stand in line during the after-work rush. 

  The fact that such practices remain officially unaccepted reflects how far we 

haven’t come as a society from the days when we expected every full-time worker to 


be supported by a full-time homemaker. [来源:学科网 ZXXK]

  More broadly the Wakefield survey suggests that employers may be missing a 

low-cost way to give workers something of value. Sixty-four percent of those survey 

participants who haven’t worked remotely would rather give up some bonus in order 

to get even one day a week working from home. Under such circumstances,  smart 

firms need to find ways to let their employees have enough flexibility to manage their 

time efficiently. 

【文章大意】远程办公极大地提高了员工的工作效率,                       因为他们可以兼顾工作

与家务,    但大部分老板却持有怀疑态度,            因为他们认为员工在家会做一些与工

作无关的事情。作者认为公司应该采取更灵活的工作时间。

1. Why do some employers hesitate to allow remote working? 

A. They fear losing control of their workers. 

B. They want to stick to their routine practice. 

C. They have little trust in modern technology. 

D. They are used to face-to-face communication. 
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【解析】选      A。推理判断题。根据第二段内容可知,                老板们担心员工在家做一

些与工作无关的事情,         掌控不了员工。故选         A。

2. What seems to be most workers’ attitude toward remote working? 

A. Doubtful.         B. Favorable. 

C. Reserved.         D. Disapproving. 

【解析】选      B。推理判断题。根据最后一段             Sixty-four percent of those survey 

participants who haven’t worked remotely would rather give up some bonus in order 

to get even one day a week working from home. 可知, 64%的被调查人员为了能够

每周有一天在家工作的时间而宁愿放弃奖金,                   由此可知大部分是支持远程办公

的。故选     B。

3. What does the author suggest smart firms do? 

A. Shorten their office hours. 

B. Give employees a pay rise. 


C. Adopt flexible work patterns. [来源:学§科§网]

D. Reduce their staff’s workload. 

【解析】选      C。细节理解题。根据最后一段             Under such circumstances,  smart 

firms need to find ways to let their employees have enough flexibility to manage their 

time efficiently. 可知, 作者建议公司应采取灵活的工作模式。故选                C。


通读文章,     用英语写出各部分的大意
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答案:


          [来源:学,科,网]

Ⅰ. 完形填空

  I worked on boats for twenty five years. Now I am a locking pilot(码头领航员). 

My job is to  1  in the large luxury liners and stay with them until they are  2 

stopped in the harbour. Sometimes this requires two tugs(拖船),  sometimes many 

more,   3 the tide and the weather.  

  Most of you no  4  have seen these tugs pushing and pulling at the big liners. 

What they are doing doesn’t seem to make much  5 , as the minute the big boat is 
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alongside the port, her heavy rope made fast, the job is  6 . I felt very  7  after 

I had docked several of the large liners. I realized I was in  8  of a great ship 

worth millions of dollars and the  9  were depending on me to bring her safely to 

the port. These tugs,  whether one or ten,   10  about in accord with whistle 

signals I  11  them from the bridge of the big liner. These signals make up a 

language that is just as  12  as the spoken word,  or even more so,   13  our 

docking signals are hardly misunderstood. The captain of each tug does his work 

according to the signals he  14 . He never asks questions. He takes  15  

faithfully, and it  16  works out.  

  Working around tugboats, where so much depends on  17 , has had its effect 

on what I believe. I believe that if I am to attain a  18  place in the world I must 

have the help of my fellow men just as the great transatlantic liners depend on the 

 19  of the little tugs to bring them safely to the 20 .  

【文章大意】本文是一篇记叙文。作者用多年的港口领航员的工作经历告诉我

们:  没有团队合作就绝不会取得成功,              正如远洋航行的万吨巨轮要想安全入港

停泊,   还得依靠小小拖船的帮助一样。

1. A. put      B. push         C. bring      D. join

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下文中的             depending on me to bring her safely 

to the port 可知, 作者的工作是负责将大型豪华客轮引航入港,                 直到它们安全地

靠港。

2. A. safely            B. dangerously

C. immediately          D. illegally
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【解析】选      A。背景常识题。根据常识可知,             船只应安全抵港。safely      安全地, 

符合语境。

3. A. adding to         B. letting alone

C. thinking of          D. depending on

【解析】选      D。动词短语辨析题。根据上文的              Sometimes this requires two tugs,  

sometimes many more 可知这项工作有时要两艘拖船,           或者更多,    这要依赖潮汐

和天气的情况。depend on       随……而定,     依赖,  符合语境。

4. A. wonder            B. doubt

C. need                 D. exception

【解析】选      B。背景常识题。根据常识可知,             很多人都见过拖船拖拉巨轮的情

景。因此这是毫无疑问的。

5. A. sense             B. profit

C. progress             D. advance

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。根据下文可知,             此处是说    看上去拖船的工作似乎

微不足道。make sense    有意义。

6. A. prepared          B. lost

C. planned              D. done

【解析】选      D。逻辑推理题。很快巨轮就可以停泊就位,                 下牢锚链,     拖船也就

完成了任务。done      已完成的,     符合语境。

7. A. bored             B. meaningless

C. important            D. tired
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【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下文. . . were depending on me to bring her 

safely to the port 可知, 作者在引领几   次大型轮船入港后,        感觉自己相当了不起。

important 重要的,  有地位的,    符合语境。

8. A. control           B. praise

C. defence              D. place

【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。根据下文           depending on me to bring her safely to the 

port 可知, 作者意识到自己正在掌控一艘价值百万美金的巨轮,                      而它的主人正依

靠作者将它安全停泊。in control of       控制,  掌握,   符合语境。

9. A. clerks            B. sportsmen

C. readers              D. owners

【解析】选      D。背景常识题。根据常识可知,             应是船的主人。owner       物主,  所有

人,  符合语境。

10. A. look       B. move       C. hear        D. worry

【解析】选      B。动词辨析题。根据语境和常识可知,               无论一艘还是十艘拖船,          它

们的行动都是听命于港口领航员在巨轮舰桥上发出的鸣笛信号。move about                          到

处活动,    符合语境。

11. A. write      B. send       C. mail        D. bring

【解析】选      B。动词辨析题。拖船的行动都是听命港口领航员在巨轮舰桥发出

的鸣笛信号。send       发出,  派遣。

12. A. dependable       B. incredible

C. doubtful             D. visible
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【解析】选      A。逻辑推理题。根据下文中的“our docking signals are hardly 

misunderstood”可知, 在作者的工作中,       汽笛信号几乎不会被误解,           因此这里是

说这些信号的可靠程度可与口头语言相比,                  甚至有过之而无不及。

dependable 可信赖的,   符合语境。

13. A. though           B. if

C. while                D. because

【解析】选      D。语法结构题。空后说我们的汽笛信号几乎不会被误解,                       空后与

空前为因果关系,       因此应用连词       because。

14. A. gives            B. spreads

C. receives             D. passes

【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据上文可知,             作者作为码头领航员会给拖船的

船长发出信号,       此处是说每艘拖船的船长会根据接收到的指令严格行动。

receive 接收, 符合语境。

15. A. nothing          B. anything

C. something            D. everything

【解析】选      D。词语辨析题。根据上文           He never asks questions. 可知拖船船长

们对于作者的一切指挥毫无疑问               且完全信任,     因此他们的配合一直很默契。

everything 每件事物; (有关的)一切,     符合语境。

16. A. never      B. ever     C. always     D. seldom

【解析】选      C。副词辨析题。根据上题解析可知答案。

17. A. imagination      B. creation

C. teamwork             D. performance
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【解析】选      C。逻辑推理题。根据下文           I must have the help of my fellow men just 

as the great transatlantic liners depend on. . . 可知, 拖船工作在很大程度上取决于

团队合作。teamwork     配合,   协力,  符合语境。

18. A. successful       B. frustrating

C. regretful            D. embarrassing

【解析】选      A。形容词辨析题。作者相信,            如果没有同伴们的帮助,          他绝对不

会有今天的成功。successful       成功的,   符合语境。


19. A. prevention       B. help[来源:学_科_网 Z_X_X_K]

C. objection            D. delay

【解析】选      B。词汇复现题。根据上文的            must have the help of my fellow men 可

知此处应用      help, 表示远洋航行的万吨巨轮要想安全入港停泊,                 还得依靠小小

拖船的帮助。

20. A. airport    B. station    C. port     D. stop

【解析】选      C。词汇复现题。根据上文的            were depending on me to bring her 

safely to the port 可知, 此处指港口。故选    C。

Ⅱ. 语法填空


  阅读下面短文,        在空白处填入       1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。[来源:


Zxxk.Com]

  Located in the northwest of Hunan Province,  about 300 kilometers away from 

Changsha,  capital of Hunan,  Zhangjiajie,  1. ________ covers a total area of 

9, 563 square kilometers,  is a tourist city for its unique natural scenery and 

abundant tourism resources. Zhangjiajie 2. ________(award) the title of “World 

Geological Park” in 2004. 3. ________(actual), Zhangjiajie,  honored as the most 
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fantastic mountain under heaven, and a walking Chinese landscape painting, is also 

widely praised as 4. ________ enlarged potted landscaping, “a mini fairyland” and “a 

maze of nature”, attracting a growing number of tourists 5. ________ home and 

abroad.  

  Since it was discovered in the 1980s, a tourism industry 6. ________(become) 

the leading industry in Zhangjiajie which has stimulated the development of other 

industries 7. ________(relate) to tourism. At the same time,  ecotourism has been 

developed rapidly in Zhangjiajie. When you come to Zhangjiajie,  you can fully 

appreciate 8. ________(it) magnificent natural scenery and experience appealing folk 

custom as well as other thrilling tourist 9. ________(activity), and you will be deeply 

impressed by what is performed by the minorities there. It must be an exciting,  

10. ________(joy) and unforgettable tour to Zhangjiajie.  

【文章大意】本文是一篇说明文。文章介绍了湖南的张家界。

1. 【解析】which。考查定语从句引导词。分析句子结构可知,                     所填词引导非限

制性定语从句,       且在从句中作主语,        代指  Zhangjiajie, 故填关系代词   which。

2. 【解析】was awarded。考查动词时态和语态。根据时间状语                   in 200 4 可知, 

本句用一般过去时态,         表示张家界被授予世界地质公园的称号,                 应用被动语态。

故填   was awarded。

3. 【解析】Actually。考查词性转换。所填词作状语修饰整个句子,                     因此应用副

词形式。注意首字母大写。

4. 【解析】an。考查冠词。此处泛指一个被放大了的盆景,                     且  enlarged 以元音

音素开头,     因此应用不定冠词        an 修饰。
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5. 【解析】from。考查介词。表示来自……,               介词需用    from。

6. 【解析】has become。考查动词时态和主谓一致。since              引导时间状语从句时, 

从句动词通常用一般过去时,            主句动词用现在完成时。a tourism industry       表示单

数概念,    因此填   has become。

7. 【解析】related。考查非谓语动词。分析句子结构可知, which                 引导的定语从

句中已经有谓语动词         has stimulated, 所以此处为非谓语动词作后置定语, 

relate 与 the development of other industries 为动宾关系, 所以此处用过去分词。

8. 【解析】its。考查代词。所填词作            magnificent  natural scenery 的定语, 应用

形容词性物主代词。故填           its。

9. 【解析】activities。考查名词单复数。其他令人兴奋的游客活动肯定是不止

一种,   因此应用    activity 的复数形式。

10. 【解析】joyful。考查形容词。根据句子结构              and 连接三个并列的形容词。

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