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高三英语总复习语法填空专题训练课件:非谓语动词
  非谓语动词
       非谓语动词  是语法填空的必考考
点,每年高考至少有1道题。不仅如此
,掌握非谓语动词       的基本用法,对增强
书面表达的文采和提高阅读          理解能力都
有明显的作用。
 首先,我们回顾一下非谓语动词            的语
法功能(在句中充当何种成分):
         主语       宾语         表语        定语        状语        宾补

动名
词         √        √         √          √


不定式       √        √         √          √         √         √


分词                           √          √         √         √

   现在,我们简             要回顾其主要考点:
 考点1:作主语
  表示一般的、泛指的或习惯性的行为用-ing;
 表示具体的、一次性的或将来的动作用to do 
。
 考点2:作表语
 (1) 动名词和不定式作表语说明主语的具体内
容。
 (2)分词作表语则说明主语的性质,像puzzling, 
surprising, exciting等-ing分词表示“令人……的
(事物)”;像puzzled, surprised, excited等-ed分
词表示“(人)感到……的”。
 考点3:作宾语
 (1)有些动词只能用不定式作宾语。如refuse, 
expect, promise, decide, offer, pretend等。(类
似动词和短语动词还有哪些?请补上)
 (2)有些动词只能用动名词作宾语。如:
keep, allow, finish, enjoy, mind, practice, 
avoid, admit, advise, consider, imagine, 
appreciate, escape, suggest等。(类似动词和短
语动词还有哪些?请补上)
 (3) 在表示“需要”的need, want和require等后
用-ing形式的主动形式表示被动意义,也可用
不定式的被动式。 
 (4)在forget, remember, regret, mean, try等
动词后既可接动名词,也可接不定式,但意
义差别较大。
 (5)在介词之后用动名词作宾语。注意to是介
词的短语,如be /get used to, be accustomed 
to(习惯于), contribute … to …, devote oneself 
to /be devoted to, get down to, look forward to
等。
 (6)含介词的固定句式:
 prevent /stop /keep sb. /sth. from doing 阻止
……做……
 spend /waste time or money in doing 在做
……方面花费/浪费时间或金钱
 have some difficulty/trouble in doing 在做
……方面有些困难
 have a hard time in doing sth.做某事很艰难
 there is no sense in doing做……是没有理由/
道理的
 (7)介词后一般只能接动名词,但在表示“除
……外”的介词but和except后,有时可接不定
式;当前面有行为动词do时,不定式不带to;
前面没有行为动词do时,要带to。
 考点4:作宾补
 当宾语与作宾补的动词在逻辑上是主动关系时
,用不定式(未来或全过程)或-ing形式(正在进行
或一直处于某种状态);
 当宾语与作宾补的动词在逻辑上是被动关系时
,用-ed形式。

 请注意复习以下6点:
 (1)在ask, invite, encourage, advise, forbid, 
remind等动词后,用带to的不定式作宾补。
 (2)在help后作宾补的不定式带不带to均可。
(3)在make, let, have等使役动词和feel, smell, 
hear, see, watch等感官动词后,一般用不带to
的不定式作宾补,但在其被动式后作主语补足
语时,要加上to。
(4)在with的宾语后,若用-ed形式,表示宾语与
-ed形式在逻辑上是被动关系,且意味着该动作
已经完成;若用-ing形式,表示宾语与-ing形式
在逻辑上是主动关系,且表示动作持续进行。
  (5)get sb. to do sth. =have sb. do sth.使某人做某
事(主动、将来); get/have…doing使……处于某一
状态中(主动、持续); get…done=have sth. done请
人做/遭受(被动)。
  (6) make oneself 后常用understood, heard, seen, 
known等作宾补,表示让别人明白自己的意思/让
自己讲的话被别人听到/让自己被别人看到/让自
己被别人认识。
  考点5:作状语
  (1)在表示时间、让步、方式或伴随情况时,非谓语
动词若与句子主语在逻辑上是主动关系,用-ing形式
,若与句子主语在逻辑上是被动关系,用-ed形式。
  (2)不定式作状语只能放在句末,且不用逗号,多用
于表示情绪或情感反应的动词、形容词(如glad, sorry, 
surprised, frightened, delighted)之后,表示原因。
  (3)不定式表结果,其动作发生在谓语动词之后,往
往表示未曾预料到的或令人不快的,前面常加only;
也还用于too…to, enough to, so/such…as to等固定结构
中。-ing形式表示的结果,是伴随谓语动词的发生而
产生的自然结果(同时发生),谓语动词与现在分词
的动作是因果关系。
 (4)在作表语的形容词后或者作宾补的形
容词后作状语,一般只用不定式。
 (5)表示目的时只能用不定式,此时的不
定式可以放在句首。
 (6) 在“连词(如when, while, if, though等
)+分词”结构中,当分词与主句主语是主
动关系时用-ing形式,是被动关系时用-
ed形式。
 考点6:作定语
 (1)动词不定式作定语:常放在所修饰的名词
之后,表示一个将来的动作,多用来修饰have
、there be、with之后的名词,表示“有……要
……”;或修饰“the+序数词”。

 (2)分词作定语:被修饰的名词与分词是主动
关系,用-ing形式,是被动关系时用-ed形式。
考点7:特殊句式
Why not do sth.? 
=Why don’t you do sth.?何不做某事呢?

had better (not) do sth.最好(不)做某事

would rather (not) do sth.宁愿(不)做某事
would do A rather than do B 
= would rather do A than do B 
= prefer to do A rather than do B 
= prefer doing A to doing B 
              宁做A事不做B事
 考点8:独立结构
 (1) -ing形式的独立成分:judging by /from(
根据…判断), generally speaking(一般说来),
strictly speaking(严格说来), frankly 
speaking(坦率地说)等。
 (2)不定式的独立结构:to tell you the truth(
和你说实话吧), to make things worse(情况更
糟的是)等。
 (3)用作介词或连词的considering(考虑到,
就…而言)和given(考虑到)后接名词或that从
句。
   解答语法填空时,首先分析句子结构,
若句子已有谓语动词且不是并谓语时,所给
动词必定用非谓语动词;然后分析该非谓语
动词在句中作什么句子成分,初定作该成分
的应是哪一种或几种非谓语动词形式;最后
再根据非谓语动词各自的特点和用法,同时
看谓语动词有没有特别的要求,再结合与逻
辑主语的关系,确定该填哪种形式。
另外,在确定用-ing形式还是用-ed形式,用to 
do还是用to be done时,都是由该非谓语动
词与逻辑    主语是主动关系还是被动关系来确
定的。那么,如何找出非谓语动词            的逻辑   主
语?这与非谓语动词        在句中作何种成分有关
,详见   下表:

充当句    宾语    表语    状语   定语    宾补
子成分
逻辑         句子的主语        所修饰   句子的
主语                      的词    宾语
 [例1]…the proverb, “plucking up a crop   32  
 (help) it grow”, is based on the following story. 
                            (2008年广东)

 分析:因句中已有谓语is based,而“plucking 
up a crop   32   (help) it grow”是the proverb
的同位语,是一个名词短语而非同位语从句,
因此,help应是非谓语动词;“帮助禾苗长”是“
将禾苗拨起来”的目的,作目的状语,用动词不
定式,故填to help。
[例2] While she was getting me ___34___ (settle) 
into a tiny but clean room…(2007年广东)

     分析:因句中已有谓语was getting,所以
 settle应是非谓语动词;又由settle sb. 
 into/in/on…(使某人舒服地处于某处)可知,
 me与settle是被动关系,要用过去分词用宾
 补,故填settled。
考点击破
 一、单句填空:用括号中所给动词的适当形式填空。
 1. _____________ Walking  (walk) is a good form of 
exercise for both young and old. (全国)
 2. Eugene's never willing to alter any of his 
opinions. It’s no use __________(arguing argue) with him. 
(上海)
 3. Please remain _________(seated seat); the winner of 
the prize will be announced soon. (辽宁)
 4. — Can I smoke here?
     — Sorry. We don’t allow smoking 
___________(smoke) here. (江苏)
 5. It is difficult to imagine his ________accepting 
 (accept) the decision without any 
consideration. (陕西)
 6. I can’t stand _________(working work) with Jane in 
the same office. She just refuses ________(to stop stop) 
talking while she works. (北京)
 7. As a result of the serious flood, two-thirds 
of the buildings in the area need _____________to be repaired  
(repair). (陕西)
 8. Susan wanted to be independent of her 
parents. She tried ________living  (live) alone, but she 
didn’t like it and moved back home. (湖南)
 9. — Robert is indeed a wise man. 
     — Oh, yes. How often I have regretted 
____________(not taking not take) his advice! (安徽)
 10. If you think that treating a woman well 
means always  ________getting  (get) her permission for 
things, think again. (湖南)
 11. At the beginning of class, the noise of desks 
being_______________________( opened and closed open and close) 
could be heard outside the classroom. (全国)
 12. —They are quiet, aren’t they?
       —Yes. They are accustomed to not_______ talking  
(not talk) at meals. (江苏)
 13. Isn't it time you got down to ________marking 
 (mark) the papers? (重庆)
 14. Mr. Reed made up his mind to devote all he 
had to ________setting  (set) up some schools for poor 
children. (上海)
 15. She looks forward every spring to walking________  
(walk) in the flower-lined garden. (上海)
 16. Having been ill in bed for nearly a month, 
 he had a hard time  ________passing  (pass) the exam. (
福建)
 17. According to a recent U.S. survey, 
children spend up to 25 hours a week ________watching  
(watch) TV. (上海)
 18. I believe that’s the best way to prevent 
such a thing from ____________happening  (happen) 
again. (全国)
 19. Did you have trouble in________finding  (find) the 
post office? (全国)
 20. Sandy could do nothing but ________admit  
(admit) to his teacher that he was wrong. (上海)
 21. I smell something __________burning  (burn) in the 
kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute? (全国)
 22. Don’t leave the water ________running  (run) while 
you brush your teeth. (天津)
 23. It was so cold that they kept the fire 
___________burning  (burn) all night. (全国)
 24. The managers discussed the plan that they 
would like to see _________ carried  (carry) out the next 
year. (全国)
 25. To learn English well, we should find 
opportunities to hear English ___________ spoken  (speak) 
as much as we can. (江苏)
 26. He is very popular among his students as he 
always tries to make them ____________(interested interest) 
in his lectures. (江苏)
 27. Energy drinks are not allowed ________to be made 
 (make) in Australia but are brought in from New 
Zealand. (上海) 
 28. My advisor encouraged me ________(to take take) a 
summer course to improve my writing skills. (北京
) 
 29. My parents have always made me ________ feel 
 (feel) good about myself, even when I was 
twelve. (江苏)
 30. They knew her very well. They had seen her 
________ grow  (grow) up from childhood. (全国)
 31. The mother felt herself ________ grow  (grow) 
cold and her hands trembled as she read the 
letter from the battlefield. (上海)
 32. Paul doesn’t have to be made ________ to learn  
(learn). He always works hard. (全国)
 33. —Come on, please give me some ideas about 
the project. 
    —Sorry. With so much work ________filling  (fill) 
my mind, I almost break down. (福建)
 34. John received an invitation to dinner, and 
with his work ____________finished  (finish), he gladly 
accepted it. (安徽)
 35. With a lot of difficult problems ________to settle  
(settle), the newly-elected president is having a 
hard time. (上海)
 36. The director had her assistant ______ pick 
 (pick) up some hot dogs for the meeting. (全国)
 37. — Did Peter fix the computer himself?
      — He had it ________(fixed fix), because he 
doesn’t know much about computers. (安徽)
 38. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a 
good way to have her written English  ________improved  
(improve) in a short period. (福建)
 39. Helen had to shout to make herself 
________heard  (hear) above the sound of the music. (
广西)
 40. Peter received a letter just now  ________saying 
 (say) his grandma would come to see him 
soon. (四川)
 41. As the light turned green, I stood for a 
moment, not ________moving  (move), and asked myself 
what I was going to do. (湖南)
 42. ___________( Walking walk) in the fields on a March 
afternoon, he could feel the warmth of spring. (安
徽)
 43. ______________Having waited  (wait) in the queue for half 
an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left 
the cheque in the car. (福建)
 44. __________Blamed  (blame) for the breakdown of the 
school computer network, Alice was in low spirits. 
(福建)
  45. He hurried to the booking office only 
_____________ to be told  (tell) that all the tickets had been 
sold out. (陕西)
  46. European football is played in 80 countries, 
____________making  (make) it the most popular sport 
in the world. (全国)
  47. You were silly not ________________(to have locked lock) 
your car. (湖南)
  48. I like getting up very early in summer. The 
morning air is so good _____________(to breathe breathe).  
(宁夏)
 49. _____________To complete  (complete) the project as 
planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a 
day. (湖南)
 50. When ________asked  (ask) why he went there, 
he said he was sent there to be trained for a 
space flight. (江西)
 51. The flowers his friend gave him will die 
unless ____________(watered water) every day. (四川)
 52. When _____________(comparing compare) different 
cultures, we often pay attention only to the 
differences without noticing the many 
similarities. (浙江)
 53. —The last one ___________(to arrive arrive) pays 
the meal. 
      —Agree! (全国)
 54. The trees _________(blown blow) in the storm 
have been moved off the road. (湖南)
 55. Can those _________seated  (seat) at the back of 
the classroom hear me? (福建)
 56. Reading is an experience quite different 
from watching TV; there are pictures ________forming  
(form) in your mind instead of before your eyes. 
(广西)
 57. —It’s a long time since I saw my sister. (全
国)
 —Why not ________(visit visit) her this weekend?
 58. _________Search  (search) the website of the Fire 
Department in your city, and you will learn a lot 
about firefighting. (湖南)
 59. The children went home from the grammar 
school, their lessons __________(finished finish) for the 
day. (重庆)
 60. ________Given  (give) the general state of health, 
it may take him a while to recover from the 
operation. (北京)
 二、语篇填空 用所给动词的适当形式填空。
      Freud was one of the first scientists 
[1]_________to make (make)serious research of the 
mind. The mind is the collection of activities 
[2]_________based (base) in the brain that involve 
how we act, think, feel and reason. 
He used long talks with patients and the study 
of dreams [3]___________to search (search) for the 
causes of mental and emotional problems. He 
also tried hypnosis(催眠). He wanted to see if 
[4]________putting (put)patients into a sleep-like 
condition would help ease [5]________troubled( 
trouble) minds. In most cases he found the 
effects only temporary. 
Freud worked hard, although what he did 
might sound easy. His method involved 
[6]________sitting  (sit) with his patients and 
[7]________ listening( listen)to them talk. He had 
them [8]________talk (talk)about whatever 
they were thinking. All ideas, thoughts and 
anything that entered their mind had to 
[9]___________be expressed( express). There could 
be no[10]________holding (hold)back because 
of fear or guilt. 
高三英语总复习语法填空专题训练课件:非谓语动词
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