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河北省邢台市育才中学高中英语必修1 Unit 3 Travel Journal Language points 课件

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Unit 3   Travel journal

    Language points
1. since 的用法
  ①since+从句(主句用完成时,从句用一般过去时)

      ● I have been at his bedside since he became ill.

      ● He has never called on me since he moved to
         the country.
      造句:自从他离开以后,这里发生了巨大的变化.

    Great changes have taken place here since he
    left.
② It has been/ is +段时间 + since 从句 (从句用一般
     过去时 ) “自从······至今已经多久了”

      ● It is/ It has been two years since I left high
         school.

      造句:自从我上次见他以来已经有三年了。

    It has been three years since I met him last time.
③ since + 点时间

    ● He got a job with the company in 1997
      and has worked there since then.

    造句: 我从早上七点起就一直在办公室工作。

  I have worked (I have been working) in the 
  office since seven o’clock in the morning.
2. It was my sister who first had the idea to
    cycle along the entire Mekong River from 
    where it begins to where it ends.

    It is/ was + 被强调部分+ that/who +其余部分
   (如果被强调部分是人,用 who或that, 其他情
    况用that. 即使被强调部分是时间或地点也不
    能用when, where 只能用that.)

    
● All the members held a meeting in the club 
 yesterday.
   强调all the members →
   It was all the members who/that held a 
 meeting in the club yesterday.
   强调 in the club → 
   It was in the club that all the members 
 held a meeting yesterday.
   强调 yesterday    →  
   It was yesterday that all the members held 
 a meeting in the club.
我看这部电影是在上海。
It was in SH that I saw the film.

我在这家工厂工作是在1998年。
It was in 1998 that I worked in the factory.

我才是你真正的朋友。
It is I who/that am your best friend.
 Summary:

●强调句的陈述句语序:
  It was … that/who… 


●强调句的特点:__________________________去掉it was ···that句子仍然完整
  I saw you last night at the concert.


●强调句的疑问句语序是什么?
● Was it _____A  that I saw last night at the
   concert?
   A. you       B. not you   
   C. your      D. that yourself
                            D
● Was It because of bad weather____ the 
   match had to be put off?
   A. so        B. so that      
   C. why       D.  that
 思考:怎样用强调句翻译下面的句子呢?
      Joe在洗手间发现的到底是什么?

   ● What did Joe find in the washroom? →
      What was it that Joe find in the 
washroom?

      直到十二点我才做完作业.

   ● I didn’t finish my homework until 12 
     o’clock. →

     It was not until 12 o’clock that I finish my
     home work.
3. insist
 ① insist on/upon doing sth. “坚持做某事”
     她坚持要乘飞机去北京因为这样更舒服.
     She insisted on/upon going to Beijing 
     by air as it was more comfortable.
② insist that sb. (should) do sth.
    Insist后从句中用虚拟语气, should+动词原 
    形,其中 should可以省略.
    She insisted that she (should) go to 
    Beijing by air as it was more comfortable.
             对比:

  ● We insisted that she (should) give up 
    smoking.

  ● She insisted that she heard somebody in
   the house.

Insisit后从句所表达的内容若没发生,则用虚拟
(should+动词原形); 
Insisit 后从句所表达的内容若已发生,则不必虚
拟,主从句时态一致即可.
              对比:

 ● He suggested that we (should) go there at 
  once.


 ● His expression suggested he was angry.

Suggest表“建议”时,其后从句用虚拟(should) do;
Suggest表“表明,暗示”时,主从句时态一致.
              练习:
★I insist that a doctor_______D  immediately.
  A. has been sent for   B. sends for   
  C. will be sent for           D. be sent for
★He came to my class every week, but his 
  attitude suggested that he_______C  really 
  interested.
  A. should not be      B. should be   
  C. was not            D. was
4. When I told her the air would be hard to
    breathe and it would be very cold.
    “主语+ be +adj.+ to do”结构,其中主语是不
    定式的逻辑宾语,不定式不用被动语态.

    ● The problem is really hard to solve.
       = To solve the problem is really hard.
       =It is really hard to solve the problem.

       ● The article is not easy to understand.
       =…
5. Once she has made up her mind, nothing 
    can change it.

    Once 连词, 表示“一旦…就…”(只要条件一成
    立,就会出现后面的结果.)

    你一旦懂得规则,就不会感到困难了。
    Once you understand the rule, you will 
    have no further difficulty.
              区别:

★  asas  soonsoon  asas  强调强调时间上的紧接时间上的紧接,而,而  onceonce
          强调的是一种强调的是一种条件关系条件关系..

§    __________heAs soon as  sat down, the telephone  
      rang.

§    __________youOnce  study hard, you are
      sure to make progress.
6. Have you ever seen snowmen ride 
bicycle?

    感官动词see, watch, hear, notice, observe 
    + sb.  doing  sth.       “动作正在进行”
    + sb.  do       sth.       “动作全过程”
    + sth. done                “看见被动/完成的动作”
             going
   ① I saw her_______ (go) into the school 
        when I passed the school gate.

   ② Theygrow knew her very well. They had seen 
        her _____ (grow) up from childhood.
              注意:
Though he had often made his little sister 
cry, today he was _______cryC  by his sister.
 A. made crying              B. made cry
 C. made to cry               D. made to crying 

  提醒:当感官动词、使役动词 (make, 
  have,
             let)用于被动结构时,要还原to.
             make sb. do sth. →
             sb. be made to do sth.
7. To climb the mountain road was hard work 
    but to go down the hills was great fun.

   1) To do sth. is + adj./n. for sb. →
       It is+ adj./n. for sb. to do sth.

       对于我们来说,每天早上读英语很重要。

    It is very important for us to read English 
    every morning.
2) Fun (u.) 乐事,有趣的事,不可数名词.
    Have fun=enjoy yourself
    It is much/great fun to do sth  “做…很有趣”

    热天游泳很爽.
    It is much/great fun to swim in hot days.
 
    What_____C  fun it is to have a swim on
     a hot day in summer.
     A. a     B. the    C./      D. of
Dream 
① Dream about/of + sth./ doing sth.
    她实现了做一名优秀模特的梦想. 
    (realize one’s dream)
    She realized her dream of becoming a 
    good model.
② dream +adj. + 同源宾语 (同一动词变来的名词)
    做个好梦    dream a good dream
    勉强一笑   smile a weak smile
    过幸福/简朴的生活    live a happy/ simple life
    熟睡一觉   sleep a sound sleep
            Persuade  劝说成功
① persuade sb. to do sth=persuade sb into 
     doing sth.
     persuade sb not to do sth=persuade sb out
     of doing sth.
     那位销售员说动我们购买他的产品。
     The salesman persuaded us to buy/ into 
     buying his product.
② persuade sb that…
     他设法使我相信他是诚实的。

         He tried to persuade me that he was 
honest.   
1) I was at last able to ___A  him to follow my 
  advice. 
    A. persuade     B. advise    
    C. hope         D. suggest
2) While doing shopping, people sometimes 
  can’t help _______C  into buying something 
  they don’t really need.
  A. to persuade    B. persuading
  C. being persuaded D. be persuaded 

   can’t help doing sth 禁不住做某事
         determine (vt.)
① detemine+ n. 
     Weather determines the crop.
② determine + to do    
     He determined to go there by bike.
③ determine+ 从句                                           
    She determined that she would never 
    see him again.
④ determine+疑问词 + to do  
    Have you determined where to spend 
    the holiday?  
⑤determine sb to do sth  “使某人下决心做…”
   什么使她下决心嫁给他?
   What determined her to marry him?
⑥be determined to do sth=make up one’s
   mind to do sth “下定决心做某事”
   她坚定不移要上大学。
   She was determined to go to university. 
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