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外研版 高一下 必修3 The Violence of nature reading

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The violence of nature
       Reading comprehension
beautiful nature
beautiful nature
beautiful nature
beautiful nature
The beauty of nature
The violence of nature

         Natural  disasters
flood
hurricane
tornado
lightning
thunderstorm
snowstorm
sandstorm
earthquake
Volcanic eruption
Violent nature
             1               2


What is the main idea of this passage?
 A. An introduction  of a tornado
 B. An introduction of a hurricane
 C. An introduction of an extraordinary event
 D. An introduction of two natural disasters D
  Writing structure
• Part One: What is a tornado?
  The definition of tornadoes
  The influences of tornadoes
  An example of tornadoes
• Part Two: What is a hurricane?
  The information about hurricanes
  An example of the hurricane
• Part Three: An extraordinary event
  The travel of Charles’s coffin
 Questions about Part One
1. How strong are tornado winds?
  More than 400 km\h.
2. What can happen to furniture when a house 
  is destroyed by a tornado?
   It stays where it was.
3. How many tornadoes are there in the US 
  every year?  About 800.
4. How many people died in the worst tornado 
  of all time?  More than 700.
 Choices about Part Two
1.  Hurricanes ____A
   A. are strong tropical storms
   B. usually occur in the southern Indian Ocean
   C. are columns of air from thunderstorms
   D. are strong winds only causing huge waves
2.  The worst hurricane disaster of all time ____C
   A. occurred on the 8th September 2000
   B. occurred in Florida
   C. caused winds of 200 km/h and five-meter       
     high waves
   D. killed half of the population and destroyed   
     many buildings
Read the passage again and decide whether 
the following statements are True (T) or False 
(F)
1.A tornado always happens together with a 
  thunderstorm.     T
2.On average, at least three tornadoes happen in 
  the US each day.     F
3.Hurricanes are strong tropical storms, often 
  happening in the UK .   F
4.Both the worst tornado and the worst hurricane 
  happened in the US .     T
  What’re the differences between a tornado and a 
                  hurricane?
                Tornado          Hurricane
definition A rotating_______column of air strong 
          from a_____________thunderstorm  to ________tropical
          the ground             storms
 speed    The most violent winds violent winds 
          of______km/h400        of______km/h120

  bad     ____pick  up____cars, trains and huge_____,waves 
 results  houses, take the _____offfur  heavy rain 
          a cat’s back and the   and______flood
          ________offfeathers  a chicken
This is a story
  about the 1900 Galveston hurricane.
Put the events into right order

 4 a. The terrible hurricane struck the city 
     Galveston.
 3 b. He moved to Galveston, and died there.
 2 c. He moved to New York.
 1 d. He went to live in Canada.
 5 e. His coffin was found in the sea near 
     his home on Prince Edward Island.
 The Violence of Nature
   A tornado is a rotating column of ___air 
from a   thunderstorm  __________  to the ground. 
Tornadoes can ____pick    up__ cars,trains and 
____ houses and ____put  them down ____ in the 
next street.They can _____take  the fur ___off  the 
back of a cat and the feathers ___off  a 
chicken. They can _____destroy houses,but 
______leave  the furniture ______inside  exactly where 
it was.On _______, there are 800 tornadoes 
in the US each year.
    Hurricanes are strong tropical_______ storms. 
They  are violent winds of ____120  kilometers 
per hour or more.The worst____  hurricane 
disaster of all time ________occurred on the 8th
September 1900 in Texas. Winds and waves 
___hit  the city.The disaster killed 6000 people in 
a __________population  of 37000 .
     ___By  the late 1890s, Charles Coghlan had 
moved to Galveston, ______where  he died ___in  1899, 
a year before the hurricane struck______.The 
cemetery where Coghlan was_______buried   was 
destroyed by the hurricane and Coghlan’s 
coffin ______ended   ___up  in the sea.
Discussion
 What are the proper measures to take in a tornado?

√(1) Hide in a storeroom  (地下室)  or  a wall against    
   the tornado or under solid  (坚固) furniture
 (2) Stay in a higher place for shelter  (遮蔽)
 (3) Hide under a tree , a power pole  (电线杆) , a 
  bridge  or in a car
√(4)Listen to the weather forecast  (天气预报) and   
   focus on the warning message to prevent  
   disaster
√(5)Leave the area ahead of time and move to a safer  
   place
Discussion


 What can we do to reduce the damage of 
 natural disasters?
Discussion
What can we do to reduce the damage 
of natural disasters?
a. To do forecast before they occur
b. To stop harming the earth
c. To learn some knowledge about self-
  protecting
Enjoy the beauty of nature
Enjoy the beauty of nature
enjoy everyday
enjoy everyday
Homework:
Write a passage within 100 words about what 
you’ve learnt after reading this passage.
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