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2018年普通高等学校招生全国统一英语考试大纲

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                                  英 语 

                                        
                            考核目标与要求 
                                        

    一、语言知识 

    要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见

附录   1 至附录  5),要求词汇量为        3500 左右。 

     

    二、语言运用  

    1.听力 

    要求考生能听懂所熟悉话题的简短独白和对话。考生应能: 

    (1)理解主旨要义; 

    (2)获取具体的、事实性信息; 

    (3)对所听内容做出推断; 

    (4)理解说话者的意图、观点和态度。 

    2.阅读 

    要求考生能读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文段以及公告、说明、广告等,

并能从中获取相关信息。考生应能: 

    (1)理解主旨要义; 

    (2)理解文中具体信息; 

    (3)根据上下文推断单词和短语的含义; 

    (4)做出判断和推理; 

    (5)理解文章的基本结构; 

    (6)理解作者的意图、观点和态度。 

    3.写作 

    要求考生根据提示进行书面表达。考生应能: 

    (1)清楚、连贯地传递信息,表达意思; 

    (2)有效运用所学语言知识。 

    4.口语 

    要求考生根据提示进行口头表达。考生应能: 

    (1)询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法; 

                                        1 
                  

(2)做到语音、语调自然; 

(3)做到语言运用得体; 

(4)使用有效的交际策略。 
                        


                                    2 
                  
                      附录    1    语音项目表 
                                      

1. 基本读音 

(1) 26 个字母的读音 

(2) 元音字母在重读音节中的读音 

(3) 元音字母在轻读音节中的读音 

(4) 元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音 

(5) 常见的元音字母组合在轻读音节中的读音 

(6) 辅音字母组合的读音 

(7) 辅音连缀的读音 

(8) 成节音的读音 

2. 重音 

(1) 单词重音 

(2) 句子重音 

3. 读音的变化 

(1) 连读 

(2) 失去爆破 

(3) 弱读 

(4) 同化 

4. 语调与节奏 

(1) 意群与停顿 

(2) 语调 

(3) 节奏 

5. 语音、语调、重音、节奏等在口语交流中的运用 

6. 朗诵和演讲中的语音技巧 

7. 主要英语国家的英语语音差异 
                        


                                    3 
                  
                      附录    2    语法项目表 
                                      

1. 名词 

(1) 可数名词及其单复数 

(2) 不可数名词 

(3) 专有名词 

(4) 名词所有格 

2. 代词 

(1) 人称代词 

(2) 物主代词 

(3) 反身代词 

(4) 指示代词 

(5) 不定代词 

(6) 疑问代词 

3. 数词 

(1) 基数词 

(2) 序数词 

4. 介词和介词短语 

5. 连词 

6. 形容词(比较级和最高级) 

7. 副词(比较级和最高级) 

8. 冠词 

9. 动词 

(1) 动词的基本形式 

(2) 系动词 

(3) 及物动词和不及物动词 

(4) 助动词 

(5) 情态动词 

10. 时态 

(1) 一般现在时 

(2) 一般过去时 


                                    4 
                  

(3) 一般将来时 

(4) 现在进行时 

(5) 过去进行时 

(6) 过去将来时 

(7) 将来进行时 

(8) 现在完成时 

(9) 过去完成时 

(10) 现在完成进行时 

11. 被动语态 

12. 非谓语动词 

(1) 动词不定式 

(2) 动词的-ing 形式 

(3) 动词的-ed  形式 

13. 构词法 

(1) 合成法 

(2) 派生法 

(3) 转化法 

(4) 缩写和简写 

14. 句子种类 

(1) 陈述句 

(2) 疑问句 

(3) 祈使句 

(4) 感叹句 

15. 句子成分 

(1) 主语 

(2) 谓语 

(3) 表语 

(4) 宾语 

(5) 定语 

(6) 状语 

(7) 补语 


                                    5 
                  

16. 简单句的基本句型 

17. 主谓一致 

18. 并列复合句 

19. 主从复合句 

(1) 宾语从句 

(2) 状语从句 

(3) 定语从句 

(4) 主语从句 

(5) 表语从句 

20. 间接引语 

21. 省略 

22. 倒装 

23. 强调 

24. 虚拟语气 
                        


                                    6 
                  
                   附录    3    功能意念项目表 
                                      

1. 社会交往 (Social Communications) 

(1) 问候 (Greetings) 

(2) 介绍 (Introduction) 

(3) 告别 (Farewells ) 

(4) 感谢 (Thanks ) 

(5) 道歉 (Apologies) 

(6) 邀请 (Invitation) 

(7) 请求允许 (Asking for permission) 

(8) 祝愿和祝贺 (Expressing wishes and congratulations) 

(9) 提供帮助 (Offering help) 

(10) 接受和拒绝 (Acceptance and refusal) 

(11) 约会 (Making appointments) 

(12) 打电话 (Making telephone calls) 

(13) 就餐 (Having meals) 

(14) 就医 (Seeing the doctor) 

(15) 购物 (Shopping) 

(16) 问路 (Asking the way) 

(17) 谈论天气 (Talking about weather) 

(18) 语言交际困难 (Language difficulties in communication) 

(19) 提醒注意 (Reminding) 

(20) 警告和禁止 (Warning and prohibition) 

(21) 劝告 (Advice) 

(22) 建议 (Suggestions) 

2. 态度 (Attitudes) 

(23) 同意和不同意 (Agreement and disagreement) 

(24) 喜欢和不喜欢 (Likes and dislikes) 

(25) 肯定和不肯定 (Certainty and uncertainty) 

(26) 可能和不可能 (Possibility and impossibility) 

(27) 能够和不能够 (Ability and inability) 


                                    7 
                  

(28) 偏爱和优先选择 (Preference) 

(29) 意愿和打算 (Intentions and plans) 

(30) 希望和愿望 (Hopes and wishes) 

(31) 表扬和鼓励 (Praise and encouragement) 

(32) 责备和抱怨 (Blame and complaint) 

(33) 冷淡 (Indifference) 

(34) 判断与评价 (Judgement and evaluation) 

3. 情感 (Emotions) 

(35) 高兴 (Happiness) 

(36) 惊奇 (Surprise) 

(37) 忧虑 (Worries) 

(38) 安慰 (Reassurance) 

(39) 满意 (Satisfaction) 

(40) 遗憾 (Regret) 

(41) 同情 (Sympathy) 

(42) 恐惧 (Fear) 

(43) 愤怒 (Anger) 

4. 时间 (Time) 

(44) 时刻 (Point of time) 

(45) 时段 (Duration) 

(46) 频度 (Frequency) 

(47) 时序 (Sequence) 

5. 空间 (Space) 

(48) 位置 (Position) 

(49) 方向 (Direction) 

(50) 距离 (Distance) 

6. 存在 (Existence) 

(51) 存在与不存在 (Existence and Non-existence) 

7. 特征 (Features) 

(52) 形状 (Shape) 

(53) 颜色 (Colour) 


                                    8 
                  

(54) 材料 (Material) 

(55) 价格 (Price) 

(56) 规格 (Size) 

(57) 年龄 (Age) 

8. 计量 (Measurement) 

(58) 长度 (Length) 

(59) 宽度 (Width) 

(60) 高度 (Height) 

(61) 数量 (Number) 

9. 比较 (Comparison) 

(62) 同级比较 (Equal comparison) 

(63) 差别比较 (Comparative and superlative) 

(64) 相似和差别 (Similarity and difference) 

10. 逻辑关系 (Logical relations) 

(65) 原因和结果 (Cause and effect) 

(66) 目的 (Purpose) 

11. 职业 (Occupations) 

(67) 工作 (Jobs) 

(68) 单位 (Employer) 
                        


                                    9 
                  
                      附录    4    话题项目表 
                                      

1. 个人情况 (Personal information) 

2. 家庭、朋友与周围的人 (Family, friends and people around) 

3. 周围的环境 (Personal environments) 

4. 日常活动 (Daily routines) 

5. 学校生活 (School life) 

6. 兴趣与爱好 (Interests and hobbies) 

7. 个人感情 (Emotions) 

8. 人际关系 (Interpersonal relationships) 

9. 计划与愿望 (Plans and intentions) 

10. 节假日活动 (Festivals, holidays and celebrations) 

11. 购物 (Shopping) 

12. 饮食 (Food and drink) 

13. 健康 (Health) 

14. 天气 (Weather) 

15. 文娱与体育 (Entertainment and sports) 

16. 旅游和交通 (Travel and transport) 

17. 语言学习 (Language learning) 

18. 自然 (Nature) 

19. 世界与环境 (The world and the environment) 

20. 科普知识与现代技术 (Popular science and modern technology) 

21. 热点话题 (Topical issues) 

22. 历史与地理 (History and geography) 

23. 社会 (Society) 

24. 文学与艺术 (Literature and art) 
                        


                                    10 
                  
                         附录    5    词汇表 
                                      

A                                       accommodation  n 

a(an) art                               accompany  v 

abandon  v                              accomplish v 

ability n                               account n 

able a                                  accountant n 

abnormal a                              accumulate v 

aboard prep                             accuracy n 

abolish v                               accurate a 

abortion n                              accuse  v 

about ad & prep                         accustomed  a 

above  prep,a & ad                      ache  v & n 

abroad ad                               achieve v 

abrupt a                                achievement n 

absence n                               acid  a 

absent a                                acknowledge  v 

absolute a                              acquaintance n 

absorb v                                acquire v 

abstract a & n                          acquisition n 

absurd a                                acre  n 

abundant a                              across prep 

abuse v                                 act  n & v 

academic a & n                          action n 

academy  n                              active a 

accelerate v                            activity n 

accent n                                actor n 

accept v                                actress n 

access n & v                            actual a 

accessible a                            acute  a 

accident n                              AD   abbr 


                                    11 
                  

ad=advertisement n                      afford v 

adapt v                                 afraid a 

adaptation n                            Africa n 

add  v                                  African a & n 

addicted a                              after ad,prep & conj 

addition n                              afternoon n 

address n                               afterward(s) ad 

adequate a                              again  ad 

adjust v                                against prep 

adjustment n                            age  n 

administration n                        agency  n 

admirable a                             agenda  n 

admire v                                agent  n 

admission n                             aggressive a 

admit v                                 ago  ad 

adolescence n                           agree  v 

adolescent a & n                        agreement  n 

adopt v                                 agricultural a 

adore v                                 agriculture n 

adult n                                 ahead  ad 

advance v & n                           aid  n & v 

advantage n                             AIDS   n 

adventure n                             aim  n & v 

advertise v                             air n 

advertisement n                         aircraft n 

advice n                                airline n 

advise v                                airmail n 

advocate v                              airplane n 

affair n                                airport n 

affect v                                airspace n 

affection n                             alarm  n & v 


                                    12 
                  

album  n                                amazing  a 

alcohol n                               ambassador  n 

alcoholic a & n                         ambassadress n 

algebra n                               ambiguous  a 

alike ad                                ambition n 

alive a                                 ambulance  n 

all ad,a & pron                         America  n 

allergic a                              among   prep 

alley n                                 amount  n & v 

allocate v                              ample  a 

allow v                                 amuse  v 

allowance n                             amusement  n 

almost ad                               analyse v 

alone a                                 analysis n 

along ad & prep                         ancestor n 

alongside ad                            anchor  v & n 

aloud ad                                ancient a 

alphabet n                              and  conj 

already ad                              anecdote n 

also ad                                 anger  n 

alternative a                           angle  n 

although conj                           angry  a 

altitude n                              animal  n 

altogether ad                           ankle  n 

aluminium                               anniversary n 

(Am aluminum) n                         announce  v 

always ad                               annoy  v 

am  v(be)                               annual  a 

a.m./am,A.M./AM  abbr                   another a & pron 

amateur a                               answer  n & v 

amaze  v                                ant  n 


                                    13 
                  

Antarctic a                             appropriate a 

antique n                               approval n 

anxiety n                               approve  v 

anxious a                               approximately ad 

any  pron & a                           apron  n 

anybody  pron                           arbitrary a 

anyhow  ad                              arch  n 

anyone  pron                            architect n 

anything pron                           architecture n 

anyway  ad                              Arctic a 

anywhere  ad                            are  v(be) 

apart ad & a                            area  n 

apartment n                             argue  v 

apologize v                             argument  n 

apology n                               arise(arose,arisen) v 

apparent a                              arithmetic n 

appeal v & n                            arm  n & v 

appear v                                armchair n 

appearance n                            army  n 

appendix n                              around  ad & prep 

appetite n                              arrange v 

applaud v & n                           arrangement n 

apple n                                 arrest v 

applicant n                             arrival n 

application n                           arrive v 

apply v                                 arrow  n 

appoint v                               art n 

appointment n                           article n 

appreciate v                            artificial a 

appreciation n                          artist n 

approach n & v                          as  ad,conj & prep 


                                    14 
                  

ash  n                                  attend v 

ashamed  a                              attention n 

Asia  n                                 attitude n 

Asian  a & n                            attract v 

aside ad                                attraction n 

ask  v                                  attractive a 

asleep a                                audience n 

aspect n                                aunt  n 

assess v                                authentic a 

assessment n                            author n 

assist v                                authority n 

assistance n                            automatic a 

assistant n                             autonomous  a 

associate v                             autumn  n 

association n                           available a 

assume  v                               avenue  n 

assumption n                            average a & n 

astonish v                              avoid  v 

astronaut n                             awake(awoke,awoken) v & a 

astronomer n                            award  n 

astronomy n                             aware  a 

at prep                                 away   ad 

athlete n                               awesome   a 

athletic a                              awful  a 

Atlantic a                              awkward   a 

atmosphere n                             

atom  n                                 B 

attach v                                baby  n 

attack v & n                            bachelor n 

attain v                                back  ad,a & n 

attempt v & n                           background  n 


                                    15 
                  

backward(s) ad                          basin  n 

bacon  n                                basis n 

bacterium(pl bacteria) n                basket n 

bad(worse,worst) a                      basketball n 

badminton n                             bat  n 

bag  n                                  bath  n 

baggage  n                              bathe  v 

bakery n                                bathroom  n 

balance n                               bathtub n 

balcony n                               battery n 

ball n                                  battle n 

ballet n                                bay  n 

balloon n                               BC   abbr 

bamboo  n                               be(am,is,are,was, 

ban  n & v                              were,being,been) v 

banana  n                               beach  n 

band  n                                 bean  n 

bandage  n                              bean curd n 

bank  n                                 bear1 n 

bar  n                                  bear2 v 

barbecue n                              beard  n 

barber n                                beast n 

barbershop n                            beat(beat,beaten) v & n 

bare a                                  beautiful a 

bargain n & v                           beauty  n 

bark v & n                              because  conj 

barrier n                               become(became,become) v 

base n                                  bed  n 

baseball n                              beddings n 

basement n                              bedroom  n 

basic a                                 bee  n 


                                    16 
                  

beef n                                  bike=bicycle n 

beer n                                  bill n 

before prep,ad&conj                     bingo  n 

beg  v                                  biochemistry n 

begin(began,begun) v                    biography n 

behalf n                                biology n 

behave  v                               bird  n 

behaviour(Am behavior) n                birth n 

behind prep & ad                        birthday n 

being n                                 birthplace n 

belief n                                biscuit n 

believe v                               bishop  n 

bell n                                  bit n 

belly n                                 bite(bit,bitten) v 

belong v                                bitter a 

below  prep                             black  a & n 

belt n                                  blackboard n 

bench  n                                blame  n & v 

bend(bent,bent) v                       blank  n & a 

beneath prep                            blanket n 

beneficial a                            bleed  v 

benefit n & v                           bless v 

bent a & n                              blind a 

beside prep                             block  n & v 

besides prep & ad                       blood  n 

betray v                                blouse  n 

between  prep                           blow(blew,blown) v 

beyond  prep                            blue  n & a 

bicycle n                               board  n & v 

bid  v & n                              boat  n 

big  a                                  body  n 


                                    17 
                  

boil v                                  brain n 

bomb  n & v                             brake  n & v 

bond  n & v                             branch  n 

bone  n                                 brand  n 

bonus  n                                brave  a 

book  n & v                             bravery n 

boom  n & v                             bread  n 

boot n                                  break(broke,broken) v & n 

booth n                                 breakfast n 

border n                                breakthrough n 

bored a                                 breast n 

boring a                                breath n 

born  a                                 breathe v 

borrow  v                               breathless a 

boss n                                  brewery  n 

botanical a                             brick n 

botany n                                bride n 

both a & pron                           bridegroom  n 

bother v                                bridge n 

bottle n                                brief a 

bottom  n                               bright a 

bounce  v                               brilliant a 

bound  a                                bring(brought,brought) v 

boundary n                              broad  a 

bow  v & n                              broadcast(broadcast, 

bowl  n                                 broadcast 或-ed,-ed) v 

bowling n                               brochure n 

box  n                                  broken  a 

boxing n                                broom   n 

boy  n                                  brother n 

boycott v                               brown  n & a 


                                    18 
                  

brunch n                                C 

brush v & n                             cab  n 

Buddhism  n                             cabbage  n 

budget n                                cafe  n 

buffet n                                cafeteria n 

build(built,built) v                    cage  n 

building n                              cake  n 

bunch  n                                calculate v 

bungalow  n                             call n & v 

burden n                                calm  a & v 

bureaucratic a                          camel  n 

burglar n                               camera  n 

burn(burnt,burnt                        camp   n & v 

或-ed,-ed) v & n                         campaign  n 

burst v                                 can1(could); 

bury  v                                 can’t=cannot modal v 

bus  n                                  can2  n 

bush  n                                 canal  n 

business n                              cancel v 

businessman/woman                       cancer  n 

(pl businessmen/ women) n               candidate n 

busy  a                                 candle  n 

but  conj & prep                        candy  n 

butcher n & v                           canteen n 

butter n                                cap  n 

butterfly n                             capital n 

button n & v                            capsule n 

buy(bought,bought) v                    captain n 

by  prep                                caption n 

bye  int                                car  n 

                                        carbon  n 


                                    19 
                  

card n                                  ceiling n 

care n & v                              celebrate v 

careful a                               celebration n 

careless a                              cell n 

carpenter n                             cent  n 

carpet n                                centigrade a 

carriage n                              centimetre 

carrier n                               (Am centimeter) n 

carrot n                                central a 

carry v                                 centre(Am center) n 

cartoon n                               century n 

carve v                                 ceremony  n 

case n                                  certain a 

cash n & v                              certificate n 

cassette n                              chain  n 

cast(cast,cast) v                       chair n 

castle n                                chairman/woman 

casual a                                (pl chairmen/women) n 

cat n                                   chalk  n 

catalogue n                             challenge n 

catastrophe n                           challenging a 

catch(caught,caught) v                  champion  n 

category n                              chance  n 

cater v                                 change  n & v 

Catholic a                              changeable a 

cattle n                                channel n 

cause n & v                             chant  v & n 

caution n                               chaos  n 

cautious a                              chapter n 

cave  n                                 character n 

CD=compact disk n                       characteristic a & n 


                                    20 
                  

charge v & n                            Christmas n 

chart n                                 church  n 

chat n & v                              cigar n 

cheap  a                                cigarette n 

cheat n & v                             cinema  n 

check  n & v                            circle n & v 

cheek  n                                circuit n 

cheer n & v                             circulate v 

cheerful a                              circumstance n 

cheers int                              circus n 

cheese n                                citizen n 

chef n                                  city n 

chemical a & n                          civil a 

chemist n                               civilian n 

chemistry n                             civilization n 

cheque(Am check) n                      clap  v 

chess n                                 clarify v 

chest n                                 class n 

chew  v                                 classic a 

chicken n                               classify v 

chief a & n                             classmate n 

child(pl children) n                    classroom n 

childhood n                             claw  n 

chocolate n                             clay  n 

choice n                                clean  v & a 

choir n                                 cleaner n 

choke  n & v                            clear a 

choose(chose,chosen) v                  clerk n 

chopsticks n                            clever a 

chorus n                                click v 

Christian n                             climate n 


                                    21 
                  

climb v                                 come(came,come)  v 

clinic n                                comedy   n 

clock n                                 comfort  n 

clone v                                 comfortable a 

close a & ad                            command   n & v 

cloth n                                 comment   n 

clothes n                               commercial  a 

clothing n                              commit  v 

cloud n                                 commitment  n 

cloudy a                                committee  n 

club n                                  common   a 

clumsy  a                               communicate  v 

coach  n                                communication  n 

coal n                                  communism   n 

coast n                                 communist  n & a 

coat n                                  companion  n 

cocoa  n                                company   n 

coffee n                                compare  v 

coin n                                  compass  n 

coincidence n                           compensate  v 

coke  n                                 compete  v 

cold a & n                              competence  n 

collar n                                competition n 

colleague n                             complete  a & v 

collect v                               complex  a & n 

collection n                            component  n 

college n                               composition n 

collision n                             comprehension n 

colour(Am color) n & v                  compromise  v 

comb  n & v                             compulsory  a 

combine  v                              computer  n 


                                    22 
                  

concentrate v                           constant a 

concept n                               constitution n 

concern v & n                           construct v 

concert n                               construction n 

conclude v                              consult v 

conclusion n                            consultant n 

concrete a                              consume  v 

condemn  v                              contain v 

condition n                             container n 

conduct v                               contemporary a 

conductor n                             content1 n 

conference n                            content2 a 

confident a                             continent n 

confidential a                          continue v 

confirm v                               contradict v 

conflict n                              contradictory a 

confuse v                               contrary n & a 

congratulate v                          contribute v 

congratulation n                        contribution n 

connect v                               control v & n 

connection n                            controversial a 

conscience n                            convenience n 

consensus n                             convenient a 

consequence n                           conventional a 

conservation n                          conversation n 

conservative a                          convey  v 

consider v                              convince v 

considerate a                           cook  n & v 

consideration n                         cooker  n 

consist v                               cookie  n 

consistent a                            cool  a 


                                    23 
                  

copy  n & v                             creature n 

corn n                                  credit n 

corner n                                crew  n 

corporation n                           crime  n 

correct v & a                           criminal n 

correction n                            criterion(pl criteria) n 

correspond v                            crop  n 

corrupt a & v                           cross n & v 

cost n & v                              crossing n 

cosy(Am cozy) a                         crossroads n 

cottage n                               crowd  n & v 

cotton n & a                            cruel a 

cough  n & v                            cry  n & v 

could modal v                           cube  n 

count v                                 cubic  a 

counter n                               cuisine n 

country n                               culture n 

countryside n                           cup  n 

couple n                                cupboard  n 

courage n                               cure  n & v 

course n                                curious a 

court n                                 currency n 

courtyard n                             curriculum n 

cousin n                                curtain n 

cover n & v                             cushion n 

cow  n                                  custom  n 

crash v & n                             customer  n 

crayon n                                customs  n 

crazy a                                 cut(cut,cut) v & n 

cream  n                                cycle  v 

create v                                cyclist n 


                                    24 
                  

                                        declare v 

D                                       decline v 

dad=daddy  n                            decorate v 

daily a,ad & n                          decoration n 

dam  n                                  decrease v 

damage  n & v                           deed  n 

damp  a & n                             deep  a & ad 

dance  n & v                            deer  n 

danger n                                defeat v 

dangerous a                             defence(Am defense) n 

dare v & modal v                        defend  v 

dark a & n                              degree  n 

darkness n                              delay  n & v 

dash  v & n                             delete v & n 

data n                                  deliberately ad 

database n                              delicate a 

date n & v                              delicious a 

daughter n                              delight n 

dawn  n                                 delighted a 

day  n                                  deliver v 

dead  a                                 demand   v 

deadline n                              dentist n 

deaf a                                  department(Dept.) n 

deal n                                  departure n 

dear a                                  depend  v 

death n                                 deposit v & n 

debate n & v                            depth  n 

debt n                                  describe v 

decade n                                description n 

decide v                                desert v & n 

decision n                              deserve v 


                                    25 
                  

design v & n                            dilemma  n 

desire v & n                            dimension  n 

desk  n                                 dinner n 

desperate a                             dinosaur n 

dessert n                               dioxide n 

destination n                           dip  v 

destroy v                               diploma  n 

detective n                             direct a & v 

determine v                             direction n 

develop v                               director n 

development n                           directory n 

devote v                                dirty a 

devotion n                              disability n 

diagram n                               disabled a 

dial v                                  disadvantage n 

dialogue(Am dialog) n                   disagree v 

diamond  n                              disagreement n 

diary n                                 disappear v 

dictation n                             disappoint v 

dictionary n                            disappointed a 

die v                                   disaster n 

diet n                                  discount n 

differ v                                discourage v 

difference n                            discover v 

different a                             discovery n 

difficult a                             discrimination n 

difficulty n                            discuss v 

dig(dug,dug) v                          discussion n 

digest v                                disease n 

digital a                               disgusting a 

dignity n                               dish  n 


                                    26 
                  

disk=disc n                             downstairs ad 

dislike v                               downtown   ad,n & a 

dismiss v                               dozen  n 

distance n                              Dr=doctor  n 

distant a                               draft n & v 

distinction n                           drag  v 

distinguish v                           draw(drew,drawn) v 

distribute v                            drawback  n 

district n                              drawer  n 

disturb v                               dream(dreamt,dreamt 

disturbing a                            或-ed,-ed) n & v 

dive v                                  dress n & v 

diverse a                               drill n & v 

divide v                                drink(drank,drunk) v 

division n                              drive(drove,driven) v 

divorce v                               driver n 

dizzy a                                 drop  n & v 

do(did,done) v                          drug  n 

doctor n                                drum   n 

document  n                             drunk  a 

dog  n                                  dry  v & a 

doll n                                  duck  n 

dollar n                                due  a 

donate v                                dull a 

door  n                                 dumpling  n 

dormitory(dorm) n                       during  prep 

dot  n                                  dusk  n 

double a & n                            dust  n 

doubt n & v                             dustbin n 

down  prep & ad                         dusty  a 

download  n & v                         duty  n 


                                    27 
                  

DVD=digital versatile disk n            elect v 

dynamic  a                              electric a 

dynasty n                               electrical a 

                                        electricity n 

E                                       electronic a 

each  a & pron                          elegant a 

eager a                                 elephant n 

eagle n                                 else ad 

ear n                                   e-mail n & v 

early a & ad                            embarrass v 

earn v                                  embassy  n 

earth n                                 emergency  n 

earthquake n                            emperor  n 

east a,ad & n                           employ  v 

Easter n                                empty  a 

eastern a                               encourage v 

easy a                                  encouragement n 

eat(ate,eaten) v                        end  n & v 

ecology n                               ending  n 

edge  n                                 endless a 

edition n                               enemy   n 

editor n                                energetic a 

educate v                               energy  n 

education n                             engine  n 

educator n                              engineer n 

effect n                                enjoy  v 

effort n                                enjoyable a 

egg  n                                  enlarge v 

eggplant n                              enough  pron,a & ad 

either a,conj & ad                      enquiry n 

elder n                                 enter v 


                                    28 
                  

enterprise n                            everything pron 

entertainment n                         everywhere  ad 

enthusiastic a                          evidence n 

entire a                                evident a 

entrance n                              evolution n 

entry n                                 exact  a 

envelope n                              exam=examination n 

environment n                           examine  v 

envy  v & n                             example  n 

equal a & v                             excellent a 

equality n                              except  prep 

equip v                                 exchange  n & v 

equipment n                             excite v 

eraser n                                excuse  n & v 

error n                                 exercise n & v 

erupt v                                 exhibition n 

escape n & v                            exist v 

especially ad                           existence n 

essay n                                 exit n 

Europe  n                               expand  v 

European a & n                          expect  v 

evaluate v                              expectation n 

even  ad                                expense  n 

evening n                               expensive a 

event n                                 experience n 

eventually ad                           experiment n 

ever ad                                 expert n 

every a                                 explain v 

everybody pron                          explanation n 

everyday a                              explicit a 

everyone pron                           explode  v 


                                    29 
                  

explore v                               fantastic a 

export n & v                            fantasy n 

expose v                                far(farther,farthest 

express v & n                           或  further,furthest) a & ad 

expression n                            fare n 

extension n                             farm  n 

extra a                                 farmer  n 

extraordinary a                         fast a & ad 

extreme a                               fasten v 

eye  n                                  fat n & a 

eyesight n                              father n 

                                        fault n 

F                                       favour(Am favor) n 

face n & v                              favourite(Am favorite) a & n 

facial a                                fax  n & v 

fact n                                  fear n 

factory n                               feast n 

fade v                                  feather n 

fail v & n                              federal a 

failure n                               fee  n 

fair1 a                                 feed(fed,fed) v 

fair2 n                                 feel(felt,felt) v 

faith n                                 feeling n 

fall1(fell,fallen) v                    fellow n 

fall2(Am)=autumn n                      female  a & n 

false a                                 fence  n 

familiar a                              ferry n 

family n                                festival n & a 

famous  a                               fetch v 

fan  n                                  fever n 

fancy n,v & a                           few  pron & a 


                                    30 
                  

fibre(Am fiber) n                       flat2 n 

fiction n                               flee(fled,fled) v 

field n                                 flesh n 

fierce a                                flexible a 

fight(fought,fought) n & v              flight n 

figure n & v                            float v 

file n                                  flood  n & v 

fill v                                  floor n 

film n & v                              flour n 

final a                                 flow  v 

finance n                               flower  n 

find(found,found) v                     flu  n 

fine1 a                                 fluency n 

fine2 v                                 fluent a 

finger n                                fly1(flew,flown)  v 

fingernail n                            fly2 n 

finish v & n                            focus  v & n 

fire n & v                              fog  n 

fireworks n                             foggy  a 

firm1 n                                 fold  v 

firm2 a                                 folk  n & a 

fish n & v                              follow  v 

fisherman n                             fond  a 

fist n                                  food  n 

fit a & v                               fool  n & v 

fix v                                   foolish a 

flag n                                  foot(pl feet) n 

flame n                                 football n 

flash n                                 for  prep & conj 

flashlight n                            forbid(forbade,forbidden) v 

flat1 a                                 force v 


                                    31 
                  

forecast n & v                          frequent a 

forehead n                              fresh a 

foreign a                               friction n 

foreigner n                             fridge=refrigerator n 

foresee(foresaw,foreseen) v             friend n 

forest n                                friendly a 

forever ad                              friendship n 

forget(forgot,forgot/forgotten) v       frighten v 

forgetful a                             frog  n 

forgive(forgave,forgiven) v             from  prep 

fork n                                  front a & n 

form  n & v                             frontier n 

format n                                frost n 

former a                                fruit n 

fortnight n                             fry  v 

fortunate a                             fuel n 

fortune n                               full a 

forward ad                              fun  n & a 

foster v                                function n & v 

found  v                                fundamental a 

fountain n                              funeral n 

fox  n                                  funny  a 

fragile a                               fur  n 

fragrant a                              furnished a 

framework  n                            furniture n 

franc n                                 future n 

free a                                   

freedom n                               G 

freeway n                               gain  v 

freeze(froze,frozen) v                  gallery n 

freezing a                              gallon n 


                                    32 
                  

game  n                                 glue  n 

garage n                                go(went,gone) v 

garbage n                               goal  n 

garden n                                goat  n 

garlic n                                god  n 

garment n                               gold  n & a 

gas  n                                  golden  a 

gate n                                  golf  n 

gather v                                good(better,best) a 

gay  a                                  goods  n 

general a & n                           goose(pl geese) n 

generation n                            govern  v 

generous a                              government  n 

gentle a                                grade  n 

gentleman n                             gradual a 

geography n                             graduate v 

geometry n                              graduation n 

gesture n                               grain n 

get(got,got) v                          gram  n 

gift n                                  grammar  n 

gifted a                                grand  a 

giraffe n                               grandchild n 

girl n                                  granddaughter n 

give(gave,given) v                      grandma=grandmother n 

glad a                                  grandpa=grandfather n 

glance v                                grandparents n 

glare v                                 grandson  n 

glass n                                 granny  n 

globe n                                 grape  n 

glory n                                 graph  n 

glove n                                 grasp  v 


                                    33 
                  

grass n                                 hair n 

grateful a                              haircut n 

gravity n                               half a & n 

great a & ad                            hall n 

greedy a                                ham   n 

green a & n                             hamburger  n 

greengrocer n                           hammer   n 

greet v                                 hand  n & v 

greeting n                              handbag  n 

grey(Am gray) a                         handful n 

grill n                                 handkerchief n 

grocer n                                handle  n & v 

grocery n                               handsome  a 

ground  n                               handwriting n 

group  n                                handy  a 

grow(grew,grown) v                      hang(hung,hung 或-ed,-ed) v 

growth  n                               happen  v 

guarantee v                             happiness n 

guard n                                 happy  a 

guess v                                 harbour(Am harbor) n 

guest n                                 hard  ad & a 

guidance n                              hardly ad 

guide n                                 hardship n 

guilty a                                hardworking a 

guitar n                                harm  n & v 

gun  n                                  harmful  a 

gym=gymnasium   n                       harmony  n 

gymnastics n                            harvest n & v 

                                        hat  n 

H                                       hatch  v 

habit n                                 hate  v & n 


                                    34 
                  

have(has,had,had) v                     hide(hid,hidden) v 

he  pron                                high  a & ad 

head  n & v                             highway  n 

headache n                              hill n 

headline n                              him  pron 

headmaster n                            himself pron 

headmistress n                          hire v 

health n                                his  pron 

healthy a                               history n 

hear(heard,heard) v                     hit(hit,hit) v & n 

hearing n                               hobby  n 

heart n                                 hold(held,held) v 

heat n                                  hole  n 

heaven  n                               holiday n 

heavy  a                                holy  a 

heel n                                  home   n & ad 

height n                                homeland  n 

helicopter n                            hometown   n 

hello int                               homework   n 

helmet n                                honest  a 

help n & v                              honey  n 

helpful a                               honour(Am honor) n & v 

hen  n                                  hook  n & v 

her  pron                               hope  n & v 

herb n                                  hopeful a 

here ad                                 hopeless a 

hero n                                  horrible a 

hers pron                               horse  n 

herself pron                            hospital n 

hesitate v                              host  n & v 

hi  int                                 hostess n 


                                    35 
                  

hot  a                                  identity n 

hotdog n                                identification n 

hotel n                                 idiom  n 

hour  n                                 if  conj 

house  n                                ignore v 

housewife n                             ill a 

housework  n                            illegal a 

how  ad                                 illness n 

however  ad & conj                      imagine  v 

howl  v                                 immediately ad 

hug  v                                  immigration n 

huge  a                                 import  v & n 

human  a & n                            importance n 

human being n                           important a 

humorous  a                             impossible a 

humour(Am humor)  n                     impress v 

hunger n                                impression n 

hungry  a                               improve  v 

hunt v                                  in  prep & ad 

hunter n                                inch  n 

hurricane n                             incident n 

hurry v                                 include v 

hurt(hurt,hurt) v                       income  n 

husband  n                              increase v & n 

hydrogen n                              indeed  a 

                                        independence n 

I                                       independent a 

I  pron                                 indicate v 

ice n                                   industry n 

ice-cream n                             influence n & v 

idea n                                  inform  v 


                                    36 
                  

information n                           interval n 

initial a                               interview n & v 

injure v                                into prep 

injury n                                introduce v 

ink  n                                  introduction n 

inn  n                                  invent v 

innocent a                              invention n 

insect n                                invitation n 

insert v                                invite v 

inside prep & ad                        iron  n & v 

insist v                                irrigation n 

inspect v                               is  v(be) 

inspire v                               island n 

instant a                               it  pron 

instead ad                              its pron 

institute n                             itself pron 

institution n                            

instruct v                              J 

instruction n                           jacket n 

instrument n                            jam  n 

insurance n                             jar n 

insure v                                jaw  n 

intelligence n                          jazz  n 

intend v                                jeans n 

intention n                             jeep  n 

interest n                              jet n 

interesting a                           jewellery(Am jewelry) n 

international a                         job  n 

Internet n                              jog  v 

interpreter n                           join v 

interrupt v                             joke  n 


                                    37 
                  

journalist n                            kiss n & v 

journey n                               kitchen n 

joy n                                   kite n 

judge n & v                             knee  n 

judgement                               knife(pl knives) n 

(Am judgment) n                         knock  n & v 

juice n                                 know(knew,known)  v 

jump  n & v                             knowledge  n 

jungle n                                 

junior a                                L 

just a & ad                             lab=laboratory n 

justice n                               labour(Am labor) n 

                                        lack  n & v 

K                                       lady  n 

kangaroo n                              lake  n 

keep(kept,kept) v                       lamb  n 

kettle n                                lame  a 

key  n                                  lamp  n 

keyboard n                              land  n & v 

kick v & n                              language n 

kid  n                                  lantern n 

kill v                                  lap  n 

kilo n                                  large a 

kilogram n                              last a & v 

kilometre(Am kilometer) n               late a & ad 

kind1 n                                 latter n 

kind2 a                                 laugh  n & v 

kindergarten n                          laughter n 

kindness n                              laundry n 

king n                                  law  n 

kingdom  n                              lawyer  n 


                                    38 
                  

lay(laid,laid) v                        lie2(lay,lain)  v 

lazy a                                  life(pl lives)  n 

lead(led,led) v & n                     lift v & n 

leader n                                light n,v & a 

leaf(pl leaves) n                       lightning n 

league n                                like v & prep 

leak v                                  likely a 

learn(learnt,learnt                     limit v 

或-ed,-ed) v                             line n & v 

least n                                 link v & n 

leather n                               lion n 

leave(left,left) v                      lip n 

lecture n                               liquid n & a 

left a,ad & n                           list n & v 

leg n                                   listen v 

legal a                                 literature n 

lemon  n & a                            literary a 

lemonade  n                             litre(Am liter) n 

lend(lent,lent) v                       litter v 

length n                                little(less,least) a 

lesson n                                live v & a 

let(let,let) v                          lively a 

letter n                                load  n 

level n                                 loaf n 

liberation n                            local a 

liberty n                               lock  n & v 

librarian n                             lonely a 

library n                               long  a & ad 

license n                               look  n & v 

lid n                                   loose  a 

lie1 n & v                              lorry n 


                                    39 
                  

lose(lost,lost) v                       manage  v 

loss n                                  manager  n 

lot n                                   mankind  n 

loud a                                  manner  n 

lounge n                                many(more,most) pron & a 

love n & v                              map   n 

lovely a                                maple  n 

low  a & ad                             marathon  n 

luck n                                  marble  n 

lucky a                                 march  n & v 

luggage n                               mark  n & v 

lunch n                                 market  n 

lung n                                  marriage n 

                                        marry  v 

M                                       mask   n & v 

machine  n                              mass  n 

mad  a                                  master  v & n 

madam/madame   n                        mat  n 

magazine n                              match  v & n 

magic  a                                material n 

maid  n                                 mathematics 

mail n & v                              =math/maths  n 

mailbox n                               matter n & v 

main  a                                 mature  a 

mainland n                              maximum   a & n 

major  a                                may   modal v 

majority n                              maybe   ad 

make1  n                                me   pron 

make2(made,made) v                      meal  n 

male  a & n                             mean(meant,meant) v 

man(pl men) n                           meaning  n 


                                    40 
                  

means  n                                microwave  n 

meanwhile  ad                           middle  n 

measure v                               midnight n 

meat  n                                 might  modal v 

medal  n                                mild  a 

media  n                                mile  n 

medical a                               milk  n & v 

medicine n                              millimetre 

medium  n                               (Am millimeter) n 

meet(met,met) v & n                     millionaire n 

meeting n                               mind  n & v 

melon  n                                mine1  n & v 

member  n                               mine2  pron 

memorial n & a                          mineral n 

memory  n                               minibus  n 

mend  v                                 minimum   a 

mental a                                minister n 

mention n & v                           ministry n 

menu  n                                 minority n 

merchant a & n                          minus  prep & a 

merciful a                              minute  n 

mercy  n                                mirror n 

merely ad                               miss1  n 

merry  a                                miss2  v 

mess  n                                 missile n 

message  n                              mist  n 

messy  a                                mistake 

metal n & a                             (mistook,mistaken) v & n 

method  n                               mistaken a 

metre(Am meter) n                       misunderstand 

microscope n                            (misunderstood,misunderstood) v 


                                    41 
                  

mix  v                                  mourn   v 

mixture n                               mouse(pl mice) n 

mobile a                                moustache  n 

model  n                                mouth  n 

modem   n                               move   v 

modern  a                               movement   n 

modest  a                               movie  n 

mom=mum    n                            Mr.(mister) n 

moment  n                               Mrs.(mistress) n 

mommy=mummy     n                       Ms.  n 

money  n                                much   a & ad 

monitor n                               mud   n 

monkey  n                               muddy   a 

month  n                                multiply v 

monument  n                             murder  v 

moon  n                                 museum   n 

mop  n & v                              mushroom   n 

moral  a & n                            music  n 

more(much,many) a,ad & n                musical a & n 

morning  n                              musician n 

Moslem  n                               must  modal v 

mosquito n                              mustard  n 

most  a & ad                            mutton  n 

mother  n                               my   pron 

motherland n                            myself  pron 

motivation n                             

motor  n                                N 

motorcycle n                            nail n 

motto  n                                name   n & v 

mountain n                              narrow  a 

mountainous a                           nation n 


                                    42 
                  

national a                              nice  a 

nationality n                           niece  n 

nationwide ad                           night n 

native a                                no  ad & a 

natural a                               No.=number  n 

nature n                                noble  a 

navy  n                                 nobody  n & pron 

near a,ad & prep                        nod  v 

nearby a                                noise  n 

nearly ad                               noisy  a 

neat a                                  none  pron 

necessary a                             noodle  n 

neck  n                                 noon  n 

necklace n                              nor  conj 

need  n & modal v                       normal  n & a 

needle n                                north  a,ad & n 

negotiate v                             northeast n 

neighbour(Am neighbor) n                northern a 

neighbourhood                           northwest n 

(Am neighborhood) n                     nose  n 

neither a                               not  ad 

nephew  n                               note  n & v 

nervous a                               notebook  n 

nest n                                  nothing pron,n & a 

net n                                   notice n & v 

network n                               novel  n 

never ad                                novelist n 

new  a                                  now   ad 

news  n                                 nowadays  ad 

newspaper n                             nowhere  ad 

next a & ad                             nuclear a 


                                    43 
                  

numb  a                                 O.K.  ad 

number  n                               old  a 

nurse n                                 Olympic(s) a & n 

nursery n                               on  prep & ad 

nut  n                                  once  n,ad & conj 

nutrition n                             one  pron 

                                        oneself pron 

O                                       onion  n 

obey  v                                 only  a & ad 

object n                                onto  prep 

observe v                               open  a & v 

obtain v                                opening  n 

obvious a                               opera  n 

occupation n                            operate v 

occupy  v                               operation n 

occur v                                 operator n 

ocean  n                                opinion n 

Oceania n                               oppose  v 

o’clock n                               opposite n & a 

of  prep                                optimistic a 

off prep & ad                           optional a 

offence n                               or  conj 

offer n & v                             oral a 

office n                                orange  n & a 

officer n                               orbit n 

official n & a                          order  n & v 

offshore a                              ordinary a 

often ad                                organ  n 

oh  int                                 organise(Am organize) v 

oil n & v                               organisation 

oilfield n                              (Am organization) n 


                                    44 
                  

origin n                                oxygen  n 

other pron & a                           

otherwise ad                            P 

ought modal v                           pace  n 

our  pron                               Pacific a 

ours pron                               pack  n & v 

ourselves pron                          package  n 

out  ad                                 packet  n 

outcome  n                              paddle  n 

outdoors ad                             page  n 

outer a                                 pain  n 

outgoing a                              painful a 

outing n                                paint n & v 

outline n                               painter n 

output n                                painting n 

outside n,ad & prep                     pair n 

outspoken a                             palace n 

outstanding a                           pale  a 

outward(s) ad                           pan  n 

oval n & ad                             pancake  n 

over prep & ad                          panda  n 

overcoat n                              panic  a & v 

overcome  v                             paper  n 

overhead a                              paperwork  n 

overlook v                              paragraph n 

overweight a                            parallel a & n 

owe  v                                  parcel n 

own  a & v                              pardon  n 

owner  n                                parent n 

ownership n                             park1  n 

ox(pl oxen) n                           park2  v 


                                    45 
                  

parking n                               pear  n 

parrot n                                pedestrian n 

part n,a & v                            pen  n 

participate v                           pence  n 

particular a                            pencil n 

partly ad                               penny  n 

partner n                               pension n 

part-time a & ad                        people  n 

party n                                 pepper  n 

pass v                                  per  prep 

passage n                               percent n 

passenger n                             percentage n 

passer-by n                             perfect a 

passive a                               perform  v 

passport n                              performance n 

past ad,n & prep                        performer n 

patent n                                perfume  n 

path n                                  perhaps ad 

patience n                              period n 

patient1 n                              permanent  a 

patient2 a                              permission n 

pattern n                               permit v & n 

pause n & v                             person  n 

pavement  n                             personal a 

pay(paid,paid) v & n                    personnel n 

P.C.=personal computer n                personally ad 

P.E.=physical education n               persuade v 

pea  n                                  pest  n 

peace n                                 pet  n 

peaceful a                              petrol n 

peach  n                                phenomenon 


                                    46 
                  

(pl phenomena) n                        place  n & v 

phone = telephone n & v                 plain a 

photo = photograph n                    plan  n & v 

photograph n                            plane  n 

photographer n                          planet n 

phrase n                                plant v & n 

physical a                              plastic a 

physician n                             plate n 

physicist n                             platform n 

physics n                               play  v & n 

pianist n                               playground n 

piano n                                 pleasant a 

pick v                                  please v 

picnic n & v                            pleased a 

picture n                               pleasure n 

pie n                                   plenty n 

piece n                                 plot v & n 

pig  n                                  plug  n 

pile n                                  plus  v & prep 

pill n                                  p.m./pm,P.M./PM  abbr 

pillow n                                pocket  n 

pilot n                                 poem   n 

pin  n & v                              poet  n 

pine n                                  point v & n 

pineapple n                             poison  n 

ping-pong n                             poisonous a 

pink a & n                              pole  n 

pint n                                  police n 

pioneer n                               policeman/woman 

pipe n                                  (pl policemen/policewomen) n 

pity n                                  policy n 


                                    47 
                  

polish v                                postman(pl postmen) n 

polite a                                postpone v 

political a                             pot  n 

politician n                            potato n 

politics n                              potential a 

pollute v                               pound  n 

pollution n                             pour  v 

pond  n                                 powder  n 

pool n                                  power  n 

poor  a                                 powerful a 

pop = popular a                         practical a 

popcorn n                               practice n & v 

popular a                               practise(Am practice) v 

population n                            praise n & v 

pork  n                                 pray  v 

porridge n                              prayer n 

port n                                  precious a 

portable a                              precise a 

porter n                                predict v 

position n                              prefer v 

positive a                              preference n 

possess v                               pregnant a 

possession n                            prejudice n 

possibility n                           premier n 

possible a                              preparation n 

post1 n                                 prepare v 

post2 v & n                             prescription n 

postage n                               present1 a & v 

postcard n                              present2 n 

postcode n                              presentation n 

poster n                                preserve v 


                                    48 
                  

president n                             progress n & v 

press1 v                                prohibit v 

press2 n                                project n 

pressure n                              promise  n & v 

pretend v                               promote  v 

pretty a                                pronounce  v 

prevent v                               pronunciation n 

preview v                               proper  a 

previous a                              properly ad 

price n                                 protect v 

pride n                                 protection n 

primary a                               proud  a 

primitive a                             prove  v 

principle n                             provide v 

print v                                 province n 

prison n                                psychology n 

prisoner n                              pub  n 

private a                               public a & n 

privilege n                             publish v 

prize n                                 pull v & n 

probably ad                             pulse  n 

problem n                               pump   v 

procedure n                             punctual a 

process n & v                           punctuation n 

produce v                               punish  v 

product n                               punishment  n 

production n                            pupil n 

profession n                            purchase v 

professor n                             pure  a 

profit n                                purple n & a 

programme(Am program) n                 purpose  n 


                                    49 
                  

purse n                                 radium  n 

push  n & v                             rag  n 

put(put,put) v                          rail n 

puzzle n                                railway n 

pyramid n                               rain n & v 

                                        rainbow  n 

Q                                       raincoat n 

quake  n & v                            rainfall n 

qualification n                         rainy a 

quality n                               raise v 

quantity n                              random  a 

quarrel v & n                           range  n & v 

quarter n                               rank  n 

queen  n                                rapid a 

question v & n                          rare a 

questionnaire n                         rat n 

queue  n & v                            rate n & v 

quick a & ad                            rather ad 

quiet a                                 raw  a 

quilt n                                 ray  n 

quit v                                  razor n 

quite ad                                reach  v 

quiz n                                  react v 

                                        read(read,read) v 

R                                       reading n 

rabbit n                                ready  a 

race v & n                              real a 

racial a                                realise(Am realize) v 

radiation n                             reality n 

radio n                                 really ad 

radioactive a                           reason  v & n 


                                    50 
                  

reasonable a                            regret n & v 

rebuild(rebuilt,rebuilt) v              regular a 

receipt n                               regulation n 

receive v                               reject v 

receiver n                              relate v 

recent a                                relation n 

reception n                             relationship n 

receptionist n                          relative n 

recipe n                                relax v 

recite v                                relay n & v 

recognize(Am recognize) v               relevant a 

recommend  v                            reliable a 

record n & v                            relief n 

recorder n                              religion n 

recover v                               religious a 

recreation n                            rely v 

rectangle n & a                         remain  v 

recycle v                               remark  n 

red  n & a                              remember  v 

reduce v                                remind  v 

refer v                                 remote  a 

referee n                               remove  v 

reference n                             rent n & v 

reflect v                               repair n & v 

reform v & n                            repeat v 

refresh v                               replace v 

refrigerator n                          reply n & v 

refuse v                                report n & v 

regard v & n                            reporter n 

regardless a                            represent v 

register n & v                          representative n 


                                    51 
                  

republic n                              或  ridded,ridded) v 

reputation n                            riddle n 

request n                               ridiculous a 

require v                               ride(rode,ridden) v & n 

requirement n                           right n,a & ad 

rescue v                                rigid a 

research n                              ring(rang,rung) v & n 

resemble v                              ripe a 

reservation n                           ripen v 

reserve n & v                           rise(rose,risen) v 

resign v                                risk n & v 

resist v                                river n 

respect v & n                           road  n 

respond v                               roast v 

responsibility n                        rob  v 

rest n & v                              robot  n 

restaurant n                            rock  n 

restriction n                           rocket n 

result n                                role n 

retell v                                roll v & n 

retire v                                roof  n 

return v                                room   n 

review v & n                            rooster n 

revision n                              root  n 

revolution n                            rope  n 

reward n                                rose  n 

rewind v                                rot  v 

rhyme  n & v                            rough  a 

rice n                                  round  ad,prep & a 

rich a                                  roundabout a & n 

rid(rid,rid                             routine n 


                                    52 
                  

row  n & v                              sand  n 

royal a                                 sandwich  n 

rubber n                                satellite n 

rubbish n                               satisfaction n 

rude a                                  satisfy v 

rugby  n                                saucer n 

ruin v & n                              sausage n 

rule n & v                              save  v 

ruler n                                 say(said,said) v 

run(ran,run) v                          saying  n 

rush v                                  scan  v 

                                        scar  n 

S                                       scare v 

sacred a                                scarf n 

sacrifice v                             scene  n 

sad  a                                  scenery n 

sadness n                               sceptical(Am skeptical) a 

safe a                                  schedule n & v 

safety n                                scholar n 

sail n & v                              scholarship n 

sailor n                                school  n 

salad n                                 schoolbag n 

salary n                                schoolboy/girl n 

sale n                                  schoolmate n 

salesgirl n                             science n 

salesman/woman                          scientific a 

(pl salesmen/women) n                   scientist n 

salt n                                  scissors n 

salty a                                 scold  v 

salute n & v                            score  n & v 

same  n & a                             scratch v & n 


                                    53 
                  

scream  n                               senior a & n 

screen n                                sense  n 

sculpture n                             sensitive a 

sea  n                                  sentence n 

seagull n                               separate v & a 

seal n                                  separation n 

search n & v                            serious a 

seashell n                              servant n 

seaside n                               serve  v 

season n                                service n 

seat n                                  session n 

seaweed  n                              set(set,set) v & n 

second a & n                            settle v 

secret a & n                            settlement n 

secretary n                             settler n 

section n                               several pron & a 

secure a                                severe a 

security n                              sew(sewed,sewn/sewed) v 

see(saw,seen) v                         sex  n 

seed n                                  shabby  a 

seek v                                  shade  n 

seem  v                                 shadow  n 

seize v                                 shake(shook,shaken) v 

seldom  ad                              shall modal v 

select v                                shallow a 

self n                                  shame  n 

selfish a                               shape  n & v 

sell(sold,sold) v                       share  v 

semicircle n                            shark  n 

seminar n                               sharp  a 

send(sent,sent) v                       sharpen v 


                                    54 
                  

sharpener n                             或  shrunk,shrunken) v 

shave                                   shut(shut,shut) v 

(shaved,shaved/shaven) v                shuttle n 

shaver n                                shy  a 

she  pron                               sick  a 

sheep(pl sheep) n                       sickness n 

sheet n                                 side  n 

shelf(pl shelves) n                     sideroad(Am sidewalk) n 

shelter n                               sideways  ad 

shine(shone,shone) v                    sigh  v & n 

ship n & v                              sight n 

shirt n                                 sightseeing n 

shock  v                                signal n 

shoe  n                                 signature n 

shoot(shot,shot) v & n                  significance n 

shop  v & n                             silence n 

shopkeeper n                            silent a 

shopping n                              silk n 

shore n                                 silly a 

short a                                 silver n 

shortcoming n                           similar a 

shortly ad                              simple  a 

shorts n                                simplify v 

shot n                                  since ad,conj & prep 

should modal v                          sincerely ad 

shoulder n                              sing(sang,sung) v 

shout n & v                             single a 

show                                    sink(sank,sunk) v & n 

(showed,shown/showed) v & n             sir n 

shower  n                               sister n 

shrink(shrank,shrunk                    sit(sat,sat) v 


                                    55 
                  

situation n                             smoker  n 

size n                                  smooth  a 

skate v                                 snake  n 

skateboard n                            sneaker n 

ski n & v                               sneeze  v 

skilful a                               sniff v 

skill n                                 snow   n & v 

skin n                                  snowy   a 

skip v                                  so  ad & conj 

skirt n                                 soap  n 

sky  n                                  sob  n & v 

skyscraper n                            soccer n 

slave n                                 social a 

slavery n                               socialism n 

sleep1 n                                socialist a 

sleep2(slept,slept) v                   society n 

sleepy a                                sock  n 

sleeve n                                socket n 

slice n                                 sofa  n 

slide n & v                             soft a 

slight a                                software n 

slim a                                  soil n 

slip n                                  solar a 

slow  ad                                soldier n 

small a                                 solid a & n 

smart a                                 some   a & pron 

smell(smelt,smelt                       somebody  pron 

或-ed,-ed) v & n                         somehow   ad 

smile n & v                             someone  pron 

smog  n                                 something  pron 

smoke  n & v                            sometimes  ad 


                                    56 
                  

somewhere  ad                           spelling n 

son  n                                  spend(spent,spent) v 

song  n                                 spin  v & n 

soon  ad                                spirit n 

sorrow n                                spiritual a 

sorry a                                 spit v 

sort v & n                              splendid a 

soul n                                  split v 

sound  v & n                            spoken  a 

soup  n                                 spokesman/woman 

sour a                                  (pl spokesmen/women) n 

south a,ad & n                          sponsor  n 

southeast n                             spoon  n 

southern a                              spoonful n 

southwest n                             sport n 

souvenir n                              spot  n & v 

sow(sowed,sown/-ed) v                   spray  n & v 

space n                                 spread(spread,spread) v 

spaceship n                             spring n 

spade n                                 spy  n & v 

spare a                                 square  n & a 

sparrow n                               squeeze  v 

speak(spoke,spoken) v                   squirrel n 

speaker n                               stable a 

spear n                                 stadium  n 

special a                               staff n 

specialist n                            stage n 

specific a                              stain n 

speech n                                stainless a 

speed n & v                             stair n 

spell v                                 stamp  n 


                                    57 
                  

stand(stood,stood) v & n                storage n 

standard n & a                          store n & v 

star n                                  storm  n 

stare v                                 story n 

start v                                 stout a 

starvation n                            stove  n 

starve v                                straight a & ad 

state n                                 straightforward a & adv 

station n                               strait n 

statement n                             strange a 

statesman/woman                         stranger n 

(pl statesmen/women) n                  straw  n 

statistics n                            strawberry n 

statue n                                stream  n 

status n                                street n 

stay n & v                              strength n 

steady a                                strengthen v 

steak n                                 stress n & v 

steal(stole,stolen) v                   strict a 

steam  n                                strike 

steel n                                 (struck,struck /stricken) v & n 

steep a                                 string n 

step n & v                              strong a 

steward n                               struggle v 

stewardess n                            stubborn a 

stick(stuck,stuck) v & n                student n 

still a & ad                            studio n 

stocking n                              study  v & n 

stomach n                               stupid a 

stone n                                 style n 

stop n & v                              subject n 


                                    58 
                  

subjective a                            supply  v & n 

submit v                                support v & n 

subscribe v                             suppose  v 

substitute v                            supreme  a 

succeed v                               sure  a & ad 

success n                               surface n 

successful a                            surgeon  n 

such  ad,pron & a                       surplus n 

suck  v                                 surprise v & n 

sudden  a                               surround v 

suffer v                                surrounding a 

suffering n                             survive v 

sugar n                                 survival n 

suggest v                               suspect v & n 

suggestion n                            suspension n 

suit v & n                              swallow  v 

suitable a                              swap  v 

suitcase n                              swear(swore,sworn) v 

suite n                                 sweat  n 

summary  n                              sweater n 

summer  n                               sweep(swept,swept) v 

sun  n                                  sweet  n & a 

sunburnt a                              swell(swelled,swollen) v 

sunlight n                              swift a 

sunny  a                                swim(swam,swum)   v 

sunshine n                              swing  v & n 

super a                                 switch  v & n 

superb a                                sword  n 

superior a & n                          symbol  n 

supermarket n                           sympathy  n 

supper n                                symphony   n 


                                    59 
                  

symptom  n                              teapot n 

system n                                tear(tore,torn) v & n 

systematic a                            tease v 

                                        technical a 

T                                       technique n 

table n                                 technology n 

table tennis n                          teenager n 

tablet n                                telephone n & v 

tail n                                  telescope n 

tailor n                                television n 

take(took,taken) v                      tell(told,told) v 

tale n                                  temperature n 

talent n                                temple  n 

talk n & v                              temporary a 

tall a                                  tend  v 

tank n                                  tendency n 

tap n                                   tennis n 

tape n                                  tense a 

target n & v                            tension n 

task n                                  tent n 

taste n & v                             tentative a 

tasteless a                             term  n 

tasty a                                 terminal a & n 

tax n                                   terrible a 

taxi n                                  terrify v 

taxpayer n                              terror n 

tea n                                   test v & n 

teach(taught,taught) v                  text n 

teacher n                               textbook n 

team  n                                 than  conj 

teamwork  n                             thank  v & n 


                                    60 
                  

thankful a                              thrill n & v 

that pron,conj & ad                     thriller n 

the art                                 throat n 

theatre(Am theater) n                   through prep & ad 

theft n                                 throughout prep 

their pron                              throw(threw,thrown) v 

theirs pron                             thunder n & v 

them  pron                              thunderstorm n 

theme  n                                thus  ad 

themselves pron                         tick v 

then ad                                 ticket n 

theoretical a                           tidy a & v 

theory n                                tie v & n 

there int,n & ad                        tiger n 

therefore ad                            tight a 

thermos n                               till conj & prep 

these a & pron                          time  n & v 

they pron                               timetable n 

thick a                                 tin n 

thief(pl thieves) n                     tiny a 

thin a                                  tip n & v 

thing n                                 tire v 

think(thought,thought) v                tired a 

thinking n                              tiresome a 

thirst n                                tissue n 

this a & pron                           title n 

thorough a                              to  prep 

those a & pron                          toast v & n 

though conj                             tobacco n 

thought n                               today  ad & n 

thread n                                together ad 


                                    61 
                  

toilet n                                trade n & v 

tolerate v                              tradition n 

tomato n                                traditional a 

tomb  n                                 traffic n 

tomorrow  ad & n                        train n & v 

ton  n                                  training n 

tongue n                                tram  n 

tonight ad & n                          transform v 

too  ad                                 translate v 

tool n                                  translation n 

tooth(pl teeth) n                       translator n 

toothache n                             transparent a 

toothbrush n                            transport n & v 

toothpaste n                            trap n & v 

top  n                                  travel n & v 

topic n                                 traveller(Am traveler) n 

tortoise n                              treasure n 

total a,n & v                           treat v 

touch v                                 treatment n 

tough a                                 tree n 

tour n                                  tremble v 

tourism n                               trend n 

tourist n                               trial n 

tournament n                            triangle n 

toward(s) prep                          trick n 

towel n                                 trip n 

tower n                                 trolleybus n 

town  n                                 troop  n 

toy n                                   trouble v & n 

track n                                 troublesome a 

tractor n                               trousers n 


                                    62 
                  

truck n                                 uncertain a 

true a                                  uncle  n 

truly ad                                uncomfortable a 

trunk n                                 unconditional a 

trust v                                 unconscious a 

truth n                                 under  ad & prep 

try v                                   underground a & n 

T-shirt n                               underline v 

tube n                                  understand 

tune n                                  (understood,understood) v 

turkey n                                undertake 

turn v & n                              (undertook,undertaken) v 

turning n                               underwear  n 

tutor n                                 unemployment  n 

TV=television n                         unfair a 

twice ad                                unfit a 

twin n                                  unfortunate a 

twist v & n                             uniform  n 

type v                                  union  n 

typewriter n                            unique  a 

typical a                               unit n 

typhoon n                               unite v 

typist n                                universal a 

tyre(Am tire) n                         universe n 

                                        university n 

U                                       unless conj 

ugly a                                  unlike prep 

umbrella n                              unrest n 

unable a                                until prep & conj 

unbearable a                            unusual a 

unbelievable a                          unwilling a 


                                    63 
                  

up  ad,a,n & prep                       VCD=versatile compact disk n 

update v & n                            vegetable n 

upon  prep                              vehicle n 

upper a                                 version n 

upset a                                 vertical a 

upstairs ad                             very  ad 

upward(s) ad                            vest  n 

urban a                                 via  prep 

urge v                                  vice  n 

urgent a                                victim n 

us  pron                                victory n 

use  n & v                              video  n 

used  a                                 videophone  n 

useful a                                view  n 

useless a                               village n 

user n                                  villager n 

usual a                                 vinegar n 

                                        violate v 

V                                       violence n 

vacation n                              violent a 

vacant a                                violin n 

vague  a                                violinist n 

vain n                                  virtue n 

valid a                                 virus n 

valley n                                visa  n 

valuable a                              visit n & v 

value n                                 visitor n 

variety n                               visual a 

various a                               vital a 

vase n                                  vivid a 

vast a                                  vocabulary n 


                                    64 
                  

voice n                                 waste  n & v 

volcano n                               watch  v & n 

volleyball n                            water  n & v 

voluntary a                             watermelon  n 

volunteer n & v                         wave   n & v 

vote v                                  wax   n 

voyage  n                               way   n 

                                        we   pron 

W                                       web   n 

wag  v                                  website n 

wage  n                                 weak   a 

waist n                                 weakness  n 

wait v                                  wealth  n 

waiter n                                wealthy  a 

waiting-room n                          wear(wore,worn) v 

waitress n                              weather  n 

wake(woke,woken) v                      wedding  n 

walk  n & v                             weed   n 

wall n                                  week   n 

wallet n                                weekday  n 

walnut n                                weekend  n 

wander  v                               weekly  a 

want  v                                 weep   v 

war  n                                  weigh  v 

ward  n                                 weight  n 

warehouse n                             welcome  int,n,v & a 

warm  a                                 welfare n 

warmth  n                               well1 n 

warn  v                                 well2(better,best) ad,a & int 

wash  v & n                             west  a,ad & n 

washroom  n                             western a 


                                    65 
                  

westward(s) ad                          willing a 

wet  a                                  win(won,won)  v 

whale  n                                wind1  n 

what  pron & a                          wind2(wound,wound) v 

whatever conj & pron                    window   n 

wheat  n                                windy  a 

wheel  n                                wine  n 

when  conj & ad                         wing  n 

whenever  conj                          winner  n 

where  conj & ad                        winter n 

wherever conj                           wipe  v 

whether conj                            wire  n 

which  pron & a                         wisdom   n 

whichever pron                          wise  a 

while conj & n                          wish  n & v 

whisper v                               with  prep 

whistle n                               withdraw  v 

white a & n                             within prep 

who  pron                               without prep 

whole  a                                witness v & n 

whom   pron                             wolf(pl wolves) n 

whose  pron                             woman(pl women)  n 

why  ad & int                           wonder  v & n 

wide  a                                 wonderful a 

widespread a                            wood   n 

widow  n                                wool  n 

wife n                                  woollen(Am woolen) a 

wild a                                  word  n 

wildlife n                              work  n & v 

will1 n                                 worker  n 

will2(would) modal v                    world  n 


                                    66 
                  

worldwide a                             yell v 

worm   n                                yellow  a & n 

worn  a                                 yes  ad 

worried a                               yesterday n & ad 

worry  n & v                            yet  ad 

worth  a                                yoghurt n 

worthwhile a                            you  pron 

worthy  a                               young  a 

would  modal v                          your  pron 

wound  v & n                            yours  pron 

wrestle v                               yourself(pl yourselves) pron 

wrinkle n                               youth  n 

wrist n                                 yummy   a 

write(wrote,written) v                   

wrong  a                                Z 

                                        zebra  n 

X                                       zero  n & num 

X-ray  n                                zip  v & n 

                                        zipper n 

Y                                       zone  n 

yard n                                  zoo  n 

yawn  v                                 zoom   v 

year n 

 

数词 

         基数词                                              序数词 

one                        1st                   first 

two                        2nd                   second 

three                      3rd                   third 

four                       4th                   fourth 

five                       5th                   fifth 


                                    67 
                       

six                               6th                          sixth 

seven                             7th                          seventh 

eight                             8th                          eighth 

nine                              9th                          ninth 

ten                               10th                         tenth 

eleven                            11th                         eleventh 

twelve                            12th                         twelfth 

thirteen                          13th                         thirteenth 

fourteen                          14th                         fourteenth 

fifteen                           15th                         fifteenth 

sixteen                           16th                         sixteenth 

seventeen                         17th                         seventeenth 

eighteen                          18th                         eighteenth 

nineteen                          19th                         nineteenth 

twenty                            20th                         twentieth 

twenty-one                        21st                         twenty-first 

twenty-two                        22nd                         twenty-second 

twenty-three                      23rd                         twenty-third 

thirty                            30th                         thirtieth 

forty                             40th                         fortieth 

fifty                             50th                         fiftieth 

sixty                             60th                         sixtieth 

seventy                           70th                         seventieth 

eighty                            80th                         eightieth 

ninety                            90th                         ninetieth 

one hundred                       100th                        one hundredth 

one hundred(and) one              101st                        one hundred and first 

one hundred(and) two              102nd                        one hundred and second 

three hundred                     300th                        three hundredth 

one thousand                      1000th                       one thousandth 

three thousand                    3000th                       three thousandth 


                                              68 
                  

ten thousand               10000th               ten thousandth 

million                    1000000th             millionth 

billion                    1000000000th          billionth 

 

月份 

January (Jan.) 

February (Feb.) 

March  (Mar.) 

April (Apr.) 

May   (May) 

June  (Jun.) 

July (Jul.) 

August  (Aug.) 

September (Sept.) 

October (Oct.) 

November  (Nov.) 

December  (Dec.) 

 

星期 

Monday  (Mon.) 

Tuesday  (Tues.) 

Wednesday  (Wed.) 

Thursday (Thurs.) 

Friday (Fri.) 

Saturday (Sat.) 

Sunday  (Sun.) 

 

主要国家名称及相关信息 

                                                         RELATED  
国家               COUNTRY n.          PERSON n. 
                                                         ADJECTIVES 

阿富汗               Afghanistan         Afghan              Afghan 


                                    69 
                       

阿尔及利亚                  Algeria                   Algerian                 Algerian 

阿根廷                    Argentina                 Argentinian              Argentinian 

澳大利亚                   Australia                 Australian               Australian 

奥地利                    Austria                   Austrian                 Austrian 

比利时                    Belgium                   Belgian                  Belgian 

巴西                     Brazil                    Brazilian                Brazilian 

                       Britain/U.K.=the 
英国                                               British                  British 
                   United Kingdom 

缅甸                     Burma                     Burmese                  Burmese 

加拿大                    Canada                    Canadian                 Canadian 

中国                     China                     Chinese                  Chinese 

哥伦比亚                   Colombia                  Colombian                Colombian 

古巴                     Cuba                      Cuban                    Cuban 

丹麦                     Denmark                   Dane                     Danish 

埃及                     Egypt                     Egyptian                 Egyptian 

芬兰                     Finland                   Finn                     Finnish 

法国                     France                    French                   French 

德国                     Germany                   German                   German 

希腊                     Greece                    Greek                    Greek 

                       Holland/ 
荷兰                                               Dutch                    Dutch 
                       Netherlands 

匈牙利                    Hungary                   Hungarian                Hungarian 

印度                     India                     Indian                   Indian 

印度尼西亚                  Indonesia                 Indonesian               Indonesian 

伊朗                     Iran                      Iranian                  Iranian 

伊拉克                    Iraq                      Iraqi                    Iraqi 

爱尔兰                    Ireland                   Irish                    Irish 

以色列                    Israel                    Israeli                  Israeli 

意大利                    Italy                     Italian                  Italian 

日本                     Japan                     Japanese                 Japanese 

约旦                     Jordan                    Jordanian                Jordanian 


                                              70 
                       

肯尼亚                    Kenya                     Kenyan                   Kenyan 

朝鲜                     D.P.R.Korea               Korean                   Korean 

科威特                    Kuwait                    Kuwaiti                  Kuwaiti 

黎巴嫩                    Lebanon                   Lebanese                 Lebanese 

卢森堡                    Luxembourg                Luxembourger             Luxembourgish 

马来西亚                   Malaysia                  Malaysian                Malaysian 

墨西哥                    Mexico                    Mexican                  Mexican 

新西兰                    New Zealand               New Zealander            Zelanian 

挪威                     Norway                    Norwegian                Norwegian 

巴基斯坦                   Pakistan                  Pakistani                Pakistani 

巴拿马                    Panama                    Panamanian               Panamanian 

菲律宾                    Philippines               Filipino                 Philippine 

波兰                     Poland                    Polish                   Polish 

葡萄牙                    Portugal                  Portuguese               Portuguese 

俄罗斯                    Russia                    Russian                  Russian 

新加坡                    Singapore                 Singaporean              Singaporean 

南非                     South Africa              South African            South African 

韩国                     South Korea               Korean                   Korean 

西班牙                    Spain                     Spanish                  Spanish 

瑞典                     Sweden                    Swedish                  Swedish 

瑞士                     Switzerland               Swiss                    Swiss 

泰国                     Thailand                  Thai                     Thai 

土耳其                    Turkey                    Turk                     Turkish 

美国                     U.S.A.                    American                 American 

越南                     Vietnam                   Vietnamese               Vietnamese 
                       


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