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2019高考英语一轮复习练习题新人教版选修8 Unit3Inventorsandinventions含解析

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                    Unit 3 Inventors and inventions

                                     李仕才
 一、阅读理解

    A new “smart bin” could mean the end of environment-conscious families 

spending hours sorting tins, cartons, bottles, and cardboard for recycling.

    The invention, which can help sort rubbish into recycling categories without 

needing people to operate. It is being trialed in Poland and is set to go on sale 

in UK within a few years.

    The bin, designed by start-up company Bin.E, recognizes different type of 

waste via a system positioned inside the bin which uses sensors, image 

recognition and artificial intelligence. Once waste is placed inside, the camera 

and sensor identify its type and place it in one of the smaller bins. Then it 

compresses the waste so it occupies less space.

    It is thought that the bin could be stocked by department stores such as John 

Lewis, which said it is introducing more new hi-tech recycling bins. Matt Thomas, 

a buyer at John Lewis, gave us the reason, “We’ve recently seen a jump in 

specialist bins sales, with a 25 percent increase in the last few months alone. 

We have noticed our customers are becoming more and more focused on 

sustainability. In response to this demand, we are really excited to introduce a 

smart bin this autumn/winter season-designed to make recycling more efficient and 

functional for the everyday home."

    Bin. E’s official release on the market will take place in 2018. However, at 

first only a larger version designed for offices will be available. The office 

bin will sell at £ 430 while customers will need to pay a £ 107 subscription fee 

for an accompanying smartphone app, which hooks them up with collection services. 

A spokesman at Bin. E said that home version of the bin will be cheaper and will 

not include a monthly payment.

    They added: “After the office version, we plan to create an outdoor version 

and later the home version. We decided to go for the outdoor version for public 

areas first because it is more difficult to organize an efficient waste 
                   中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

segregating system than in our homes.”

1.What do we know about about a new “smart bin” from the first paragraph?

  A. It works automatically.

  B. It has been used widely.

  C. It is easy to operate.

  D. It is very expensive.

2.What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 2 refer to?

  A. The waste.                 B. The camera.

  C. The bin.                       D. The sensor.

3.Why is John Lewis introducing more new hi-tech recycling bins?

  A. To change people’s behaviour,

  B. To satisfy increasing demands.

  C. To popularize new technology.

  D. To make them more famous.

4.Where will the first version of new “smart bin” be used according to Bin. 

E’s official?

  A. At home.                           B. In the supermarket.

  C. In the open air.                   D. In the office.

    【文章大意】本文介绍了一款可以智能分类垃圾的“智能垃圾箱”。并对它的设计,市

场应用进行了介绍。


2.C 【解析】词义猜测题。根据上段              The invention, which can help sort rubbish into 

      recycling categories without needing people to operate 这项发明可以帮助垃圾

      分类,可知     it 指代  the smart bin,故选   C。
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4.D  【解析】细节理解题。根据文章              However, at first only a larger version 

      designed for offices will be available.最初只有一个为办公室设计的更大胆版本

      才可以使用。可知最初是在办公室使用,故选                   D。

 二、教材与语法填空
     根据教材课文内容,在空白处填入               1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

     When the writer called 1.___________ her mother in the countryside on the 
 phone, she  learned that snakes  came near their  house and  that they seemed 
 2.___________ (make) their home near  their house. The writer considered it a 
 chance for her 3.___________ (distinguish) herself by inventing something that 
 would  catch  4.___________  (snake)  but  not   harm  them.  She  set  about 
 5.___________ (research) the habits of snakes. She decided to cool them so that 
 they could be  6.___________ (easy) caught. However, her first two plans were 
 not successful.  As 7.___________ result, she had  to attempt a 8.___________ 
 (three) time, 9.___________ helped her fulfill her aim successfully. She was so 
 delighted that she was 10.___________ (determine) to send her invention to the 
 patent office to get recognition for her successful idea.
 答案:1.up 2.to have made 3.to distinguish 4.snakes
 5.researching 6.easily 7.a 8.third 9.which 10.determined

 三、完形填空
     One day when I was 13,my family was working in the fields to clear away 
 old brush when somehow the electric fence sparked(冒火花)and __1__ a fire.We 

 didn't see the fire __2__ it had blocked the way to the only gate.I __3__ to 
 jump over the fence to safety but the fire was all around us.I could only watch 
 in __4__ as the flames continued to rise.Little did I know that my father had 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

once been a(n)__5__ and knew what to do. __6__ with only a pump sprayer,
buckets, and his boots,he __7__ down to the nearby pond,filled the buckets 
and the sprayer,and began spraying the __8__ while my older brother threw 
water with the buckets.Soon the wind __9__,however,and with the Fire 
Department too far away to arrive in time,my father began to stamp(踩灭) out 
the flames as he moved to the __10__,so that my family was able to move inch 
by inch toward the gate.__11__ he arrived at the gate,he jumped into the 
truck,rolled up the windows,and drove __12__ the fire.Then the fire was put 
out,and my mother was looking at my father with her __13__ eyes.
    After that,my father began telling us about his days as a firefighter,and 
my brother and I became __14__,asking him what other jobs he had done before 
he __15__.Well,it turned out that he had done just about __16__ except brain 

surgery!
    He had been in the military as a carpenter,carpet layer,and an 
electrician,and had built B2 bombers before being poisoned in an accident that 

had __17__ him to retire.My father has a blood disorder as a result of that 
__18__,but that hasn't stopped him from being a full­time electrician.

    To all those people whose fathers have worked in the military and in other 
dangerous jobs, be __19__ of them,and remember that some day their __20__ 

might save your life.
    1.A.prevented        B.permitted
       C.witnessed      D.started 
    2.A.because         B.unless
       C.after          D.until
    3.A.wanted         B.managed
       C.promised      D.happened
    4.A.anger           B.horror
       C.excitement      D.embarrassment
    5.A.carpenter        B.electrician
       C.firefighter      D.educator
    6.A.Armed          B.Satisfied
       C.Shared        D.Identified
    7.A.slid            B.fell
       C.dashed        D.walked
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    8.A.trees           B.grass
       C.flames        D.flowers
    9.A.died off        B.took on
       C.turned out     D.picked up
    10.A.fence         B.truck
        C.furniture     D.bucket
    11.A.If            B.Once
        C.Since       D.While
    12.A.through       B.along
        C.over        D.across
    13.A.high          B.wide
        C.fast         D.far
    14.A.curious        B.suspicious
        C.concerned    D.anxious
    15.A.moved        B.resigned
        C.retired       D.suffered
    16.A.everything     B.nothing
        C.something   D.anything
    17.A.allowed      B.encouraged
        C.invited      D.forced
    18.A.fire          B.accident
        C.attempt     D.explanation
    19.A.afraid       B.proud
        C.careful     D.ashamed
    20.A.culture      B.learning
        C.skills      D.languages
    【解题导语】本文作者通过讲述火灾中父亲扑灭大火的故事,告诉我们曾经在部队和
做过其他危险工作的父亲将来某一天可能会用他们的技能拯救我们的生命,我们应为他们
感到骄傲。
    【核心词汇】as a result of      由于,因为(其后跟宾语)
    be proud of 为……感到骄傲
    1.D 根据该句中的“the electric fence sparked(冒火花)and __1__ a fire”可
知,此处表示一场火灾开始了。D              项意为“开始,使开始发生”,符合语境。prevent“阻
止”;permit“允许”;witness“目击”。
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    2.D 直到大火堵住了通往唯一的门的路,我们才发现大火。此处考查
“not...until...”结构。
    3.A 根据语境可知,“我”想(wanted)跳过篱笆,到达安全地带,可是大火包围了
我们。manage“设法做成”;promise“许诺”;happen“发生”。
    4.B 由上文可知,大火包围了我们,“我”只能惊恐地看着火焰继续上升。in 
horror“惊恐地”;in anger“生气地”;in excitement“兴奋地”;in 
embarrassment“尴尬地”。
    5.C 根据第二段第一句中的“my father began telling us about his days as a 
firefighter”可知,父亲曾经是一名消防员。carpenter“木匠,木工”;
electrician“电工”;educator“教育工作者”。
    6.A 本题考查      be armed with 的省略结构作状语,意为“用……装备或武装”,故
选  A 项。satisfied“满意的,满足的”;shared“共有的”;identified“可辨认的”。
    7.C 根据语境可知,父亲应该是冲(dashed)向最近的池塘。slide“滑行”。
    8.C 根据上下文可知,此处指开始用水喷向火焰(flames)。
    9.D 根据语境可知,此处表示然而很快,风又变强了。pick up“变大,变强”,符
合语境。die off“相继死去,先后死去”;take on“呈现,开始具有(某种特征、面貌等)
”;turn out“结果是,证明是”。
    10.B 根据下文中的“he jumped into the truck”可知,父亲走向卡车。
    11.B 考查连词。A       项意为“如果”,引导条件状语从句;B                 项意为
“一……就……,一旦”,引导时间状语从句;C                    项“自……以来,因为,既然”;D               项
“当……时候,尽管”。由上下文可知,此处指父亲一到达大门,就跳进了卡车里。故选
B 项。
    12.A 根据语境可知,父亲开着卡车从火中穿过。through“通过,穿过”,表示运
动发生在某物的空间内;along“沿着”;over“在……上面”;across“从一边到另一边,
横过”,表示动作发生在物体的表面。
    13.B 根据语境可知,父亲开着卡车从火中穿过,火最终被扑灭了,所以母亲睁大
(wide)眼睛看着父亲。
    14.A 根据下文中的“asking him what other jobs he had done”可知,我们是很
好奇的(curious)。suspicious“怀疑的,猜疑的”;concerned“(与某事)有关的,有牵
连的”; anxious“焦虑的,不安的,担心的”。
    15.C 根据语境可知,我们问父亲在退休(retired)之前还做过其他什么工作。下文
中的“to retire”也是提示。
    16.A 根据第三段对父亲退休前工作的描述可知,父亲做过很多事情,所以此处指除
了做脑外科手术之外,父亲几乎什么都做过。everything except“除了……之外什么
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

都……”符合语境。
    17.D 由上下文可知,那场事故迫使(forced)父亲退休。
    18.B 根据上下文可知,此处指那场事故(accident)。attempt“尝试”; 
explanation“解释”。
    19.B be proud of “为……感到骄傲”符合语境。ashamed“(因自己所做的事而)
羞耻的,内疚的,惭愧的”。
    20.C 根据上文可知,此处指他们的技能(skills)有朝一日可能拯救你的生命。

四、教材与话题写作
(Ⅰ)用本单元所学知识完成下列句子。
1.大卫是一个谨慎而成功的商人,他的一项新产品获得了专利。(cautious;                               patent; 

product)
_______________________________________________  
答案:David,    who was a  cautious and successful businessman, got a patent for 

his new product.
2.这项产品很畅销,但是后来他发现这款产品没有达到标准。(criteria)

_______________________________________________ 
答案:This product sold well, but later he found his product didn’t live up to 

the criteria.
3.他没有气馁,而是抓住一切机会改善产品。(improve)

_______________________________________________ 
答案:He didn’t lose heart but seized every chance to improve it.
4.他希望自己的产品能经受得住市场的考验。(expect)

_______________________________________________ 
答案:He expected that his product could bear the tests of the market.
5.在自己的努力下,他获得了巨大的成功,自己的收入稳定增长。(stable)

_______________________________________________ 
答案:It was with his efforts that he achieved great success and his income had 

a stable increase.
(Ⅱ)将以上句子连成短文,要求衔接连贯、过渡自然。

_______________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________ 
                  中国现代教育网     www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

_______________________________________________ 

五、下面是李华的一篇作文,文中有五处错误,改正错误并背诵该文。

    David, whom was a cautious and successful businessman, got a patent for his 
new product. Much to  his delight, this product sold good, but later he found 
his product didn’t live up to the criteria. However, he didn’t lose his heart 
but seized every chance to improve it.He expected that his product could bear 
the tests of the market. Eventually, it was with his efforts which he achieved 
great success and his income has a stable increase.
答案:
           whom
    David,  who  was a cautious  and successful businessman, got a patent for 
                                                          good
his new  product. Much to his delight, this  product sold well , but later he 
found his product didn’t live up to the criteria. However, he didn’t lose his 
heart but seized every chance to improve it.He expected that his product could 
                                                                     which
bear the  tests of the  market. Eventually, it was with  his efforts  that  he 
                                     has
achieved great success and his income had a stable increase.

 

 


 
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