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18-19 人教版 必修一 Unit 4 Section Ⅲ 课时分层作业11

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                   课时分层作业(十一)

                           [语言知识练习固基础]

     Ⅰ.语境填词
     A)根据汉语或首字母提示,写出下列语句中所缺单词的正确形式
     1.Set a trap(陷阱)for mice in the kitchen,please.
     2.The German invaders left the cities in ruins.
     3.We knew Bob had cancer,but the news of his death still came as a shock(震
 惊的事).
     4.In the back country,bury your toilet waste in a shallow hole away from 
 waterways.
     5.The first thing he did was to find shelter from the freezing wind and snow.
     B)在空白处填入      1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式
     6.The number of tigers has (have)reduced in the last fifty years.
     7.Hundreds of people are still in the water,waiting to be rescued(rescue).
     8.He is busy digging(dig)out his old books from his box.
     9.She was shaking with fright as if/though she had seen a ghost.
     10.—Which of the two computers did you prefer?

     —Actually,I didn't like either of them.

     Ⅱ.单句改错(每个句子仅有          1 处错误)
     1.Seeing his funny action,the audience burst out laughter. 【导学号:

 11132083】

     laughter→laughing 或 out→into
     2.The meeting was at end at ten o'clock.end 前加 an
     3.The child talked to us as if he was an adult.was→were
     4.When  her brother was to cross the street he was knocked down by a truck 

 and badly injuring.injuring→injured
     5.He    found  his  son   trapping  inside the  lift,feeling very 

worried.trapping→trapped
                         [高考题型练习提能力]
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     Ⅰ.阅读理解
     If the crust(外壳)of the earth were not pretty solid(坚固的),
it would  be shaking about and moving  up  and down 
frequently(频繁地).However,there   are places in the rocks 

of the earth's crust where it isn't strongly held together—
where faults exist.Along the faults,one rock might push against another with great 
force.The energy is changed to vibration in the rocks,so they begin to shake and we 
 have an earthquake!
     The most famous one in North America was the San Francisco earthquake of 
 1906.Seven hundred people died and property(财产)damage amounted to about 
 $425,000,000.The greatest destruction came from the fires that followed the quake.
     One of the most famous earthquakes in Europe took place in Lisbon,
 Portugal,in 1755.The city was destroyed and at least thirty thousand people were 
 killed.In 1908,in Calabria and Sicily,a quake killed about seventy­five thousand 
 people.In 1915,in central Italy,hundreds of towns and villages were damaged and 
 thirty thousand people were killed.
     Two great earthquakes that caused great damage in Asia took place in Tokyo,
Japan,and in Gansu Province in China.The Tokyo quake of 1923 killed more than 
one hundred thousand people and destroyed the city and the city of Yokohama,
 too.The Chinese quake in 1920 covered more than three hundred square miles and 
killed about two hundred thousand people.
     【语篇解读】 本文介绍了地震起因及历史上几次大地震。

     1.The  underlined word“vibration”in the first paragraph probably means“        
 ”.
     A.shaking                     B.force
     C.energy                      D.losing
     A [词义猜测题。一块岩石有可能用力挤压另一块岩石,地壳的能量发生

 了改变导致岩石晃动,于是地震发生了。vibration                意为“晃动”,故         A 项正确。
 ]
     2.Which of the following is the correct order of the years when the earthquakes 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 happened?
     ①the San Francisco earthquake

     ②the earthquake in Lisbon,Portugal

     ③the earthquake in Calabria and Sicily

     ④the earthquake in central Italy

     ⑤the earthquake in Gansu Province

     ⑥the Tokyo quake
     A.③④⑤⑥②①                      B.⑤⑥②①③④
     C.②①③④⑤⑥                      D.①③④②⑤⑥
     C [细节排序题。由文章地震发生的时间顺序可知                     C 项正确。]

     3.According to the passage,the earthquake that killed the most people 
happened in        .
     A.Portugal                    B.Italy
     C.Japan                       D.China
     D [细节理解题。由地震伤亡数字可知,1920                 年在中国发生的地震伤亡人
 数最多。]

     4.We can infer from the passage that        .
     A.the earth's crust in Europe is weaker than that in other places
     B.the fires following the San Francisco earthquake caused more damage than 
 the earthquake did
     C.there were 75,000 people killed in the San Francisco earthquake
     D.the city of Yokohama was not greatly influenced by the Tokyo quake
     B [推理判断题。由第二段“The           greatest destruction came from the fires that 
followed the quake.”可知 B 项正确。]

     Ⅱ.完形填空
     A couple of weeks back,my friend had a yard sale(庭院拍卖会).She     1   
 to sell some of our stuff for us.I thought it would be a good chance to   2   my 
 7­year­old son's room and sell some toys that he no longer used.We agreed that 
whatever we sold in toys would be his  3  .
     The night before the sale,we loaded up the   4   with toys and a little bike 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 that he was now   5   tall for.He had taken the bike for a final spin(高速旋转)  6  
 we left home but   7   put it on the truck for the sale.This little bike had had at least 
 two   8   owners that we knew of.It was not in the best   9   and it certainly was 
 not shiny new but it was still a bike,and the tires were still good.

     We put a price of $10 on it but it didn't   10  .So,after the sale was   11  
 ,my friend put it on the sidewalk with a sign that   12  “FREE BIKE”.
     Within five minutes her doorbell rang.A little boy was standing there.His English 
 was not very good but he asked if the bike was really   13  .She said yes and told 
 him that he could have it for   14  .He smiled,jumped on the bike and   15  
 away.
     Later that evening when I told my son how much money he had   16   at the 
 yard sale,he was very excited.The next day we were going to take the money to the 
bank.He asked about a few of his things,  17   if they had been sold.When he 
 asked about the bike,I told him about the little boy and that he made a big   18   

 because he got the bike for free.The smiles on my son's face were truly   19  ,
 much more than when I told him how much he had made.He was so excited to hear 
that someone else would get good   20   out of that little bike.
     【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了作者甩卖了儿子的旧玩具并免

 费送出了自行车的故事,儿子从中体会到赚钱的快乐以及给予的快乐。

                              (教师用书独具)
     【重点词语链接】

     for free 免费地

     On Children's Day,you can get two books from our bookstore for free if you 
 are under 12 years old.儿童节那天,你如果未满        12 岁,就可以从我们书店免费
 获得两本书。

     1.A.helped     B.offered  C.decided   D.happened
     B [由第一句话作者的朋友要在自己家搞一个庭院拍卖会,然后下文作者

 认为是一个清理儿子房间的好机会可知,应是作者朋友主动提出建议。offer                               to 
 do sth.表示主动提出做某事的意向。]

     2.A.repair   B.paint  C.make    D.clean
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     D [根据下文说要卖掉         7 岁儿子的一些旧玩具可知,作者认为这是清理儿
 子房间的好机会。]

     3.A.money    B.work    C.success  D.way
     A [从最后一段中的“when          I told my son how much money he had   16   

 at the yard sale,he was very excited”可知,卖玩具得来的钱归儿子。]

     4.A.room    B.truck   C.yard  D.sidewalk
     B [从下一句中的“put it on the truck for the sale”可知要把玩具装到卡车上。
 ]
     5.A.fairly  B.quite   C.too  D.enough
     C [既然要把玩具卖掉,说明已经不适合他了,对于那个小自行车来说,

 他太高了。too“(用于形容词或副词前)太,过于,过度”,符合语境。

 fairly“相当地,一定地”;quite“完全,十分,非常”;enough“足够地,充
分地”,用于动词、形容词、副词之后。]

     6.A.before   B.unless  C.once   D.after
     A [儿子对自行车依依不舍,所以在离家前还要骑着它转一圈。]

     7.A.sadly   B.happily  C.strangely  D.angrily
     B [根据空前的      but 以及最后一段儿子听说一个小男孩骑走了自行车时脸
 上露出的微笑可知儿子乐意卖掉自行车,所以他把自行车放到车上时是开心的。
 ]
     8.A.previous   B.similar  C.perfect  D.private
     A [这里指以前的主人。previous“先前的,以往的”,符合语境。]

     9.A.color   B.shape   C.size  D.age

     B [in shape“处于良好状态”。自行车已经用旧了,所以状态不会是最好
 的。]

     10.A.buy    B.matter  C.sell  D.like
     C [从本段第二句可知自行车无人问津。故选                   C。]

     11.A.on    B.up   C.away    D.over
     D [我们在自行车上放了一个            10 美元的标价但是没有人买。所以,在拍卖

 会结束后,作者的朋友把它放在路边并附上标牌“免费自行车”。over“结束”
 。]
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    12.A.read   B.wrote   C.painted  D.described
    A [表示书面材料或可见的东西上提供信息、指示用                      read。]

    13.A.cheap    B.expensive  C.old   D.free
    D [根据上一段第二句中的“my friend put in on the sidewalk with a sign that     

12  ‘FREE BIKE’”可知男孩想问自行车是否真的免费。]
    14.A.something   B.nothing   C.anything  D.everything
    B [根据语境可知,小男孩可以免费拥有这辆自行车。for                       nothing“免费”
。]

    15.A.rode   B.drove   C.walked   D.ran
    A [由“jumped on the bike”可知男孩骑着自行车离开了。]

    16.A.bought    B.made   C.borrowed   D.lent
    B [由最后一段中的“when I told him how much he had made”可知,卖玩具

得的钱都归儿子,故此处表示他赚了多少钱,选                     made。make money“赚钱”。]

    17.A.saying   B.wondering   C.worrying   D.trying
    B [根据后面的“if     they had been sold”可知此处表示他想知道他的东西是否
已经被卖了出去。]

    18.A.change    B.smile  C.cry   D.face
    B [由上文中的“He smiled”可知,此处应选            smile,指的是男孩当时的微笑。
]
    19.A.worthless   B.useless  C.priceless  D.meaningless
    C [与作者告诉儿子他赚了多少钱时的笑相比,(这时)作者儿子脸上的笑
是真正无价的。priceless“无价的”。]

    20.A.use    B.luck  C.results  D.chances
    A [此处表示好好使用(的机会)。]
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