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2018版高中英语人教版必修二Unit4Warming Up & Reading

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Warming Up & Reading


                课前预习 要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
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   如何保护濒危动物?且看本文为你支招。
   Around the world, habitats are being destroyed at an alarming 
rate,which puts many wildlife species in danger of extinction.
Threatened and endangered wildlife lives throughout the globe and 
you're likely to find some in your own backyard. To protect 
endangered animals, think both globally and locally.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   Find out what animals living near you are listed on the 
endangered species list. Spend some time learning about the 
animals and what their preferred habitat is.
   Contribute to nature reserves and other wilderness areas.
Habitat preservation is one of the best ways to help protect 
endangered animals. You can donate money or volunteer your 
time helping the nature reserve preserve habitats.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   Buy  environmentally friendly goods.Choose non­toxic 
cleaners and lawn care items that won't pollute streams, rivers or 
oceans.Avoid any products that have been made from threatened 
or endangered animals.Buy foods and goods that are made from 
materials that do not harm endangered animals or their habitat.
For example, look for organic chocolate, coffee or cotton clothing 
that is grown without cutting down rainforests or destroying 
habitats.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   Buy  environmentally friendly goods.Choose non­toxic 
cleaners and lawn care items that won't pollute streams, rivers or 
oceans.Avoid any products that have been made from threatened 
or endangered animals.Buy foods and goods that are made from 
materials that do not harm endangered animals or their habitat.
For example, look for organic chocolate, coffee or cotton clothing 
that is grown without cutting down rainforests or destroying 
habitats.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   Create or restore habitats for endangered animals.You can 
volunteer to help with projects worldwide designed to reestablish 
habitats.In your own backyard, plant a butterfly garden, use 
native plants and trees and let “wild” areas grow to provide 
habitats and food.


                                    课前预习   要点探究
词海拾贝
1.in danger of 处于……的危险中
2.protect v.保护   
3.find out 找出;查明
4.contribute to 为……作贡献
5.reserve n.保护区  6.cut down 减少 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Part One Warming Up & Reading 


                     课前预习 要点探究
Ⅰ.重点单词
1.protection_________ n.保护 
   _______protect  v.保护
2.decrease________ vi.&vt.减少;(使)变小;或变少
3.reserve______ n.保护区 
4.hunt______ vt.& vi.打猎;猎取;搜寻
5.respond_______ vi.回答;响应;做出反应
   _________response  n.回答;响应 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
6._______distant  adj.远的;远处的 
   _________distance  n.远方;距离
7._______mercy  n.仁慈;宽恕;怜悯 
   _________merciful  adj.仁慈的;慈悲的;宽容的
8.______certain  adj.确定的;某一;一定 
9._________importance n.重要(性)
   _________important  adj.重要的
10.  _______contain  vt.包含;容纳;容忍 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
11.________powerful  adj.强大的;有力的
   _______power  n.力量
12.______affect  vt.影响;感动;侵袭 
13.___________appreciate  vt.鉴赏;感激;意识到 
14._________succeed  vi.成功;vt.接替;继任
   _________success  n.成功
   _________successful adj.成功的


                                    课前预习   要点探究
15.________employ  vt.雇用;利用(时间、精力等)
  ____________employee  n.雇员,雇工
  ___________employer  n.雇主
  _____________employment  n.雇用;使用;就业 
16._______harm  n.& vt.损害;危害 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅱ.核心短语
1._______die out 灭亡;逐渐消失 
2.________in peace 和平地;和睦地;安详地
3.____________in danger (of) 在危险中;垂危
4. __________(turn around 使)翻身;转身;翻转
5.________in relief 如释重负;松了口气 
6.________________burst into laughter 突然笑起来;大声笑了出来
7._____________protect...from 保护……不受……(危害) 
8.______________pay attention to 注意


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅲ.经典句式
1.Our fur ___________________is being used to make  sweaters for people like you.
  我们的毛被用来为像你一样的人们制作毛衣。
2.The flying carpet travelled ___________so fast that  next minute they were 
  in Zimbabwe.
  飞毯飞行得如此之快,以至于一转眼他们就来到了津巴布韦
  。
3.It shows the importance of wildlife protection,but I‘d like to 
  help ___________________as the WWF suggests .
  这体现了野生动植物保护的重要性,不过,我还是想按照世
  界野生生物基金会的建议来帮助你们。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
阅读清障


                               课前预习         要点探究
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课前预习         要点探究
原文呈现


                               课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
课前预习         要点探究
                     课文译文

                  戴茜是如何学会保护
                     野生动植物的
   戴茜一直都渴望帮助那些濒临灭绝的野生动植物。一天她
醒来,发现床边有一块飞毯。飞毯问:“你想去哪儿?”戴茜
立刻回答。“我想去看一些濒临灭绝的野生动植物。请带我到
遥远的地方,在那里我可以找到为制作这件毛衣而提供毛绒的
动物。”她说。飞毯立刻起飞了,带她到了西藏。在那里,戴
茜看到一只藏羚羊面带忧郁的神色。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   它说:“为了取得我们肚皮底下的羊毛,我们正在被屠杀
。我们的毛皮被用来为像你一样的人们制作毛衣。因此,我们
现在濒临灭绝了。”听了这话,戴茜哭了:“我很抱歉,我过
去不知道还有这回事儿。我想知道为了帮助你们正在采取什么
措施。飞毯啊,请把我带到一个有野生动植物保护的地方去吧
。”


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   飞毯飞行得如此之快,以至于一转眼他们就来到了津巴布
韦。戴茜转过身去,看到一头大象正望着她。大象问道:“你
是来给我拍照的吗?”戴茜如释重负,突然笑了起来。“不要
笑了,”大象说道,“我们过去是濒危动物,农民们残忍地捕
杀我们。他们说,我们破坏了他们的农田,而旅游者的钱过去
都流进了大型旅游公司。于是政府决定出面提供帮助。如果游
客付给农民钱的话,他们允许游客猎取一定数量的动物。如今
农民高兴了,我们的数量也在增加。为了拯救当地的野生动植
物,他们也在做一些好事。”


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   戴茜笑道:“那可是个好消息。这体现了野生动植物保护
的重要性,不过,我还是想按照世界野生生物基金会的建议来
帮助你们。”飞毯再次升起,几乎一转眼他们就到了茂密的热
带雨林。一只猴子一边擦着身体,一边望着他们。戴茜问:“
你在做什么呢?”它回答说:“我这样做可以防止蚊子叮咬。
当我发现一种千足虫时,便把它擦在身上。它含有一种强效的
药物可以防止蚊子叮咬。你们应该多加关注我生活的热带雨林
,并且懂得热带雨林的动物是如何在一起生活的。没有雨林,
就没有动物,也就没有药物了。”


                                    课前预习   要点探究
   戴茜很惊讶。“飞毯,请带我回家去,我可以告诉世界野
生生物基金会,我们可以开始生产这种新药。猴子,请跟我回
去帮忙吧。”猴子同意了,毯子飞回了家。当他们着地时,一
切就开始消失了。两分钟后,什么都没了——猴子也没了。这
样,戴茜就不能制造新药了。但是,多么奇妙的一次经历呀!
她学到了那么多东西!而且,还一直有世界野生生物基金会
……


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅰ.Choose the best answer according to the text.
1.What helps Daisy meet the wildlife?
  A.A flying chair.
  B.A flying broom.
  C.A flying carpet.
  D.A plane.
  答案 C


                                    课前预习   要点探究
2.What places didn't Daisy go to?
  A.Tibet China.        B.Rainforest.
  C.WWF.                D.Zimbabwe.
  答案 C


                                    课前预习   要点探究
3.It can be learned from the passage that         .
  A.the  Zimbabwe government did a good job in saving the 
  elephants
  B.the rainforest produces drugs that are good for millipede 
  insects
  C.the elephants are in danger in Zimbabwe
  D.mosquitoes help protect monkeys from millipede insects
  答案 A


                                    课前预习   要点探究
4.How did Daisy like the experience?
  A.Great.              B.Tiring.
  C.Disappointing.      D.Meaningless.
  答案 A


                                    课前预习   要点探究
5.The passage is mainly about         .
  A.what Daisy saw and heard about animals
  B.how Daisy learned to help wildlife through what she saw and 
  heard about animals
  C.how antelopes were killed for their fur
  D.how to make a powerful drug to kill mosquitoes.
  答案 B


                                    课前预习   要点探究
Ⅱ.True (T) or False (F).
1.Daisy saw an antelope in Tibet.(  T    )
2.Antelopes were killed for the skin that is taken from under their 
  stomachs.(   F    )
3.The elephants and rhinos in Zimbabwe used to be protected well 
  by the farmers in the past.(   F   )
4.Mosquitoes protected the monkey from a millipede insect.(      )
5.Daisy returnedF  home with the monkey and began to make her 
  new drug.(      )
            F


                                    课前预习   要点探究
1.If their habitat is threatened or they cannot find enough 

   food,their number may decrease.(教材P25)
   如果它们的栖息地受到威胁或它们找不到足够的食物,它
   们的数量或许就会减少。

decrease vi.&vt.减少;使变小或变少 n.减少;降低 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

(1)decrease (sth) to...减少到……
   decrease (sth) by...减少了……
   decrease from...to...从……减少到……
(2)(a) decrease in在……方面减 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①Compared with last year,the membership decreased to 150.
  与去年相比,会员人数减至150名。
②The price of wheat has decreased ____by  15%.
  小麦的价格降低了15%。
③There is a decrease of nearly 7% in the number of visitors to the 
  museum.
  参观博物馆的人数下降了将近7%。
④The charge for transportation is ______________on the decrease  because of 
  lower fuel costs.
  由于更低的燃料花费,运输费用在降低。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
2.As a result these endangered animals may even die out.(教

   材P25)
   结果,这些濒危的动物甚至可能会消亡。

die out灭亡;逐渐消失 

①Many traditional customs have died out because they are out of 
   date.
   因为已经过时,很多传统风俗已逐渐消失。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

die away (尤指声音、光、风等)逐渐消失,停止
die down减弱;平息
die of死于(疾病等内部原因)
die from死于(某种外部原因)
die off相继死去 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②The wind died _______away  at dusk.
   黄昏时风逐渐减弱了。
③Many trees are dying _____off  for lack of water.
   由于缺水,许多树木相继枯死。
④The noise has died _______down .
   喧闹声逐渐消失了。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
3.too much hunting in the 1950s(教材P25)
   20世纪50年代过度狩猎

hunt vi.&vt.打猎;猎取;搜寻 

   ①I've hunted everywhere but I can't find it.
   我到处都搜遍了,就是找不到它。

[归纳拓展]

hunt for sth搜索;寻找某物
hunt after追逐,追求
go hunting去打猎 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②She is still hunting _____for  a new job.
   她正在找新工作。
③Many people hunt ______after  fame in their lives but never find it.
   许多人一生追求成名,但一无所获。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
4.Why are they in danger of disappearing?(教材P25)
   为什么它们面临灭绝的危险?

in danger(of)在危险中;垂危 

   ①The people in the burning house are in danger.
   在着火的房子里的人们正处于危险中。
[归纳拓展]

out of danger脱离危险
dangerous adj.危险的,有危害的;可能引起麻烦的 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②The doctor said that his life was _____________out of danger .
   医生说他已脱离生命危险。
③For years researchers have attempted to show that television is 
   ___________(danger)dangerous  to children.
   近几年来,研究者试图表明电视对孩子们来说是危险的。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
5.Daisy responded immediately.(教材P26)
   戴茜立即回答。

respond v.回答,回应;做出反应 

   ①Responding to the news,Mr Watt appealed for calm.
   面对这个消息瓦特先生呼吁要保持冷静。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

(1)respond to...回应……;对……做出反应
   respond that...回答说……
(2)response n.回答;响应;反应
   in response to响应;反应(通常作状语)
   make (no) response to对……(不)做反应/回答 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②She responded ____to  my letter with a phone call.
   她收到我的信,给我回了个电话。
③The law was passed ____________in response to  the public pressure.
   在公众压力下该法规获得通过。
④Carl made no response,and carried on with his meal.
   卡尔没有回答,继续吃饭。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
6.In relief Daisy burst into laughter.(教材P26)
   戴茜如释重负,突然笑了起来。

in relief如释重负;松了口气 

[归纳拓展]

relief n.宽慰;轻松;解脱
to one's relief使某人欣慰的是
relief of/from ……的减轻/消除/缓和
It is a relief to...……是让人欣慰/轻松的事 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

relief n.宽慰;轻松;解脱
to one's relief使某人欣慰的是
relief of/from ……的减轻/消除/缓和
It is a relief to...……是让人欣慰/轻松的事 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①News of their safety came as a great relief.
   他们平安的消息给大家带来了巨大的安慰。
②____________To our relief ,they all got home safely.
   他们都安全到家,让我们松了口气。
③____It  was a great relief to find that my family were all safe.
   发现我的家人都安然无恙,我感到极大的欣慰。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
burst into laughter突然笑起来;大声笑了出来 
[归纳拓展]


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]


                                                                        课前预习         要点探究
④Our coach and teammates burst into laughter in relief after we 
  won the match.在我们赢得比赛后,教练和队友如释重负,
  突然笑了起来。
⑤Hearing the news,the students burst out _________ shouting(shout).
  一听到这个消息,所有的学生都大叫起来。
⑥Once he burst ______into  anger,he would throw anything at hand 
  out of the window.他一发火就把手边的任何东西都扔出窗
  外。
  [名师点津] 表达“突然……起来”时,burst           into后常接名词
  ;burst out后接名词对应的v.­ing形式。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
7.Farmers hunted us without mercy.(教材P26)
   农民们毫无怜悯地捕杀我们。

mercy n.仁慈;怜悯;宽恕 

[归纳拓展]

without mercy残忍地;毫无同情心地
show mercy to 对……怜悯/宽恕
have mercy on对……怜悯/宽恕
beg/ask for mercy 乞求宽恕
at the mercy of 任由……摆布/控制 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①He  was such a cruel man that he showed no/little mercy ____to  
   others.
   他是一个如此残酷的人以至于他对别人毫无怜悯之情。
②May God have mercy ____on  your soul.
   愿上帝宽恕你的灵魂。
③Our ship was at the mercy of the wave.
   我们的船任凭波浪摆布。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
8.They  allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of 

   animals if they paid the farmers.(教材P26)
   他们允许游客在付给农民费用的情况下捕杀一定数量的动
   物。

certain adj.确定的;某一;一定 

   ①A certain Mr.Wang is waiting for you outside now.
   有个王先生正在外面等你。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

be certain to do sth确定做某事
be certain of/about sth对某事有把握;确信某事
make certain of/about/that...确定……
It is certain that...一定能……
for certain=for sure确定无疑地;准确地 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②He is certain _________to win  (win) the contest.
   他肯定能赢得这场比赛。
③I can't say ___________for certain  when they will arrive.
   我说不准他们什么时候会到。
④It is certain that they will agree.
   他们肯定会同意。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
9.I'm protecting myself from mosquitoes.(教材P26)
   我这样做可以防止蚊虫叮咬。

protect...from...保护……不受……(危害) 

[归纳拓展]

protect…against...保护……免受……
defend...from/against...保卫……以抵制…… 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①A  new law has been made to protect the animal from being 
   harmed.
   已制定一部新的法律保护这种动物免受伤害。
②This medicine will protect you __________against/from a return of the illness
   .
   这种药会防止你的疾病复发。
③Politicians are skilled at defending themselves against their 
   critics.
   从政者都善于为自己辩解,反驳别人的批评。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[名师点津]         在protect...from/against...结构中,from和
against后面常跟sth,有时against后跟being   done来强调动作
的被动性。


                                 课前预习   要点探究
10.You  should pay more attention to the rainforest where I 
   live and appreciate how the animals live together.(教材

   P26)
   你应该多关注我生活的热带雨林,并且了解热带雨林的动
   物是如何在一起生活的。

pay attention to注意(to为介词) 

   ①A  great deal of attention has been paid to protecting the 
   environment.
   人们已对保护环境投入了很多注意力。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

catch/draw/attract one's attention to...吸引某人对……的注意力
bring sth to one's attention使某人注意某事
fix/focus (one's) attention on把(某人的)注意力集中在……
turn one's attention to...将某人的注意力转到…… 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②If you come across a mistake while reading the report, please 
   bring it ____to  my attention.
   如果你读这篇报道的时候发现错误,请提醒我注意。
③You should fix your attention ____on  what you are doing.
   你应该专心于你所做的事。
④Let's turn our attention to the matter at hand.
   让我们把注意力转到手头的问题上。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②If you come across a mistake while reading the report, please 
   bring it ____to  my attention.
   如果你读这篇报道的时候发现错误,请提醒我注意。
③You should fix your attention ___on what you are doing.
   你应该专心于你所做的事。
④Let's turn our attention to the matter at hand.
   让我们把注意力转到手头的问题上。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
appreciate vt.鉴赏;感激;意识到 

⑤You can't fully appreciate foreign literature in translation.
   看翻译作品很难欣赏到外国文学的精髓。

[归纳拓展]

appreciate(sb)doing...感激(某人)做……
I would appreciate it if...(it作形式宾语)如果……,我将不胜感激
。 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
⑥I would appreciate ___it  if you could call back this afternoon.
   今天下午如果你能回电话,我将不胜感激。
⑦I really appreciate your __________thinking  (think)highly of my work.
   我很感激你对我的工作作出如此高的评价。
   [名师点津] appreciate作“感谢,感激”讲时,宾语一般
   为“物”,不能是“人”(但thank后可接人),也不能直接
   跟从句,须先接形式宾语it,然后再接从句。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
11.What must be done if wildlife protection is to succeed?(教

   材P27)
   如果野生生物保护得以成功,必须要做些什么?

succeed vi.成功 vt.接替,继任 

   ①The young man will succeed Mr.White as director.
   那位年轻人将接替怀特先生当主任。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

(1)succeed in (doing)sth成功干成了某事
   succeed to...继承或接替
   succeed sb as...继承某人做……
(2)success n.[U]成功;[C]成功的人或事
   successful adj.成功的 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②If we team up with each other,we will succeed ___in  overcoming 
   the difficulties.
   只要我们同心协力,就能克服困难。
③Failure is the mother of success.
   失败是成功之母。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
12.Can  they be employed to work in the park and not hurt 

   the animals?(教材P27)
   可以雇用他们在公园工作而不伤害动物吗?

employ vt.雇用 

employ sb to be/as雇用某人任……
employ sb to do sth雇用某人干某事 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
①His elder brother is employed ____as  a waiter in a big restaurant.
   他的哥哥在一家大饭店当服务员。
②They employ casual workers _______to pick  (pick)the fruit.
   他们雇用临时工摘水果。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
13.What should be done to punish people who do harm to the 

   animals?(教材P27)
   对于那些伤害动物的人该怎么惩罚他们?

harm n.&vt.损害;危害 

   ①Have the workers been harmed in the disaster?
   工人们在灾难中受伤了吗?


                                    课前预习   要点探究
[归纳拓展]

do sb/sth harm=do harm to sb/sth对某人/物有害
harmful adj.有害的
be harmful to...对……有害 


                                    课前预习   要点探究
②Excessive drinking did harm ____to  his health.
   过量饮酒损害了他的健康。
③Too much drinking is harmful    to     the health.
   饮酒过多会伤害身体。


                                    课前预习   要点探究
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