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新疆巴州且末县中学人教版 必修三 Unit 1 Festivals around the world(学案及单元小测)

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  ModuleModule  33
                   UnitUnit  11  FestivalsFestivals  aroundaround  thethe  worldworld  
一、核心单词
1. starve [stɑ:v] vi.&vt. (使)饿死;饿得要死   starvation n.[U] 饿死
归纳:starve to death = die of starvation/hunger 饿死 
starve sb. to death 把某人饿死
starve for sth. = be starved of sth. = hope/long for sth. 希望/渴望得
到某物
小练:用    starve 的短语的适当形式填空。
(1)Thousands of people ________________________ in Africa. 
(2)These children are ________________ love.
(3)The people on the island ___________________ fresh water since it 
hadn’t rained for nearly half a year.
2. belief [bi'li:f] n. [C,U] 信任;信仰;信心   believe vt.&vi. 相信
归纳:have belief in sth/sb 对……有信心
beyond belief 难以置信
in the belief that... 相信……
It is my belief that... 我相信……
小练:用    belief 的短语填空。
(1)   He came to me __________________________ I could help him. 
(2)_____________________________ that nuclear weapons are immoral.
(3)   The cruelty of the murders was ______________. 
3. admire [əd'maiə] vt. 赞美;钦佩;羡慕      admiration n.[U] 钦佩;羡慕
归纳:admire sb. for sth./ doing sth. 因某事而钦佩某人   
in admiration 赞美地;钦佩地
小练:中译英。
(1)我们都钦佩他的勇气和胆识。
______________________________________________ 
(2)我对她的工作不太欣赏。
______________________________________________ 
(3)我钦佩地看着那小女孩弹钢琴。
______________________________________________ 
4. permission [pə'miʃən] n.[U] 许可;允许 
permit vt. 准许;许可;允许       permit n.许可(证);执照
归纳:with/without (one’s) permission 得到允许/未经允许          
ask sb. for permission 征求某人的许可
give sb. permission to do sth./permit sb. to do sth.允许某人做某事  
have one’ s permission 得到某人的同意
小练:完成句子或用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。
(1)They entered the area ______________ (未经允许). 
(2)My mother _______ me to watch TV after finishing my homework. 
(3)You must __________ the manager _________ .
(4) You may _________ to the church.
5. remind [ri'maind] vt. 提醒;使想起
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归纳:remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某事
remind sb. of / about sth. 提醒某人记住某事 
remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人做某事
remind sb. that... 提醒某人/使某人想起……
小练:中译英。
(1)这些照片使我想起我的童年。
______________________________________________ 
(2)提醒我回复那封信。
______________________________________________ 
二、重点词组
1. as though 好像,似乎
归纳:as though/if  引导方式奖语从句,从句中动词常用虚拟语气。
It seems/looks as/though… 看样子似乎是……
小练:中英互译
(1)他看上去像病人。
______________________________________________ 
(2)Some flowers shut up at night as though they were to sleep.
______________________________________________
2. in memory of = to the memory of 纪念
短语归纳    in honour of 为了纪念……;向……表示敬意
in praise of 歌颂   in favor of 赞同;支持
in charge of 负责  in need of 需要
in search of 寻找     in possession of 拥有    
小练:    用 in + n. + of 构成的词组填空。
(1)A monument was set up _________________ the dead soldiers.
(2)He founded the charity (兴办那项慈善事业) ___________his late wife.
(3)If you are ______________ anything, don’ t hesitate to let me know.
(4)In the discussion, I was ________________ Mr. Li.
3. dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰
短语归纳:dress up for sth.   为某事而盛装
dress up as sb. 打扮成某人
be dressed in 穿着(衣服或颜色)             
dress sb./oneself  给某人或自己穿衣服 
小练:用    dress 构成的词组填空。
(1)The boy ________________ a short pant. 
(2)He _______________ Christmas Father to amuse the children.
(3)The kids are too young to _______, so she has to ________ every 
morning. 
4. play a trick/tricks on 对……搞恶作剧、开玩笑;
短语归纳    play a joke/jokes on sb. = make fun of sb. 开某人的玩笑 
laugh at sb. 嘲笑某人
小练:填介词或用所给词的适当形式填空。
(1)He was let in by playing a trick _______ (介词) the guard. 
(2)She hated _______ (play) tricks on in public.
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 5. look forward to 盼望;期待
 归纳:    look forward to 指怀着愉快的心情期待着。
 except 指预料某事将会或很可能发生,多指好事。
 hope 意为“希望”,后接不定式或           that 从句
 小练:中译英。
 (1)我非常盼望着你的来信。
 ______________________________________________
 (2)你不能指望我什么事情都做。
 ______________________________________________
 (3)我希望你在那玩得愉快。
 ______________________________________________
 6. turn up 出现;到达;发现;调大(音量等) 
 短语归纳    
 turn on 打开(煤气、自来水、电灯等)
 turn off 关上                 turn down 减弱;降低;拒绝
 turn around/about 转过身来   turn away 转过头
 turn out 生产,制造;(常与      to, that 连用)结果是
 turn to sb./sth. (for help) 向……求助;查阅
 小练:用    turn 词组填空。   
 (1)Don’ t worry. The file is sure to ____________.
 (2)Please ______ the television ______ a bit, I can’ t hear clearly.
 (3)It ___________ that it was Tim who broke the vase.
 (4)The sad child ____________ his mother for comfort. 
 三、课文回顾
      Festivals and celebrations of all kinds have been held everywhere 1        
ancient times. Some festivals 2          (hold) to honour the dead or satisfy 
the ancestors ,such as the  Western holiday Halloween, which is now a 
 children’s festival when they can dress up and play a trick on 3           
 neighbors. Festivals can also be held to honor famous people. In the USA, 
 Columbus Day is in memory of the 4            (arrive) of Christopher 
 Columbus in the New World. Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals are happy 
 events because the food is gathered for the winter 5          the 
 agricultural work over. China and Japan have Mid-Autumn festivals, 6        
 people           admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes. The 
 most 7              (energy) and important festivals are the 8           
 looking forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. At the Spring 
 Festival in China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may give children 
 lucky money in red paper. Some Western countries have very exciting 
 carnivals,    9               (take) place forty days before Easter. These 
 carnivals might include parades, dancing in the streets day and night, loud 
 music and colorful clothing of all kinds. People love festivals  10          
 people can get together to eat, drink and have fun with each other. 
 四、句子精析与仿写:
 1. At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find, especially 
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 during the cold winter months.在当时,如果难以找到食物,人们就会挨饿,特
别是在寒冷的冬季。
句子分析:food was difficult to find 是“主语+be+adj.+不定式”结构,其中
food 是 find 的逻辑宾语。
 仿写:(1)   英语很难在短时间内学好,但是李明做到了。
 ______________________________________________ 
 (2) 有些人很难相处,特别是共患难的时候。
 ______________________________________________ 
 2. The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as though it was 
 covered with pink snow. 整个国度到处是盛开的樱花,看上去就像覆盖了一层
 粉红色的雪。
 句子分析:covered with cherry tree flowers 过去分词放在名词后表示被动,作
 后置定语,相当于一个定语从句。
   as though / as if“好像”,引导表语从句和方式状语从句,如:
    (1) 引导方式状语从句(2)       引导表语从句
 (3) as though 和 as if 从句用虚拟语气,    还是用陈述语气,        完全根据具体情况而
定。如果从句表示的意思与事实完全相反,或者纯粹是一种假设,                             通常用虚拟
语气。
 仿写:(1)   李华的英语说得非常好,就好像他是英国人。
 ______________________________________________
 (2) 伊莉莎清楚地记得一切事情,就好像发生在昨天一样。
 ______________________________________________
 3. It was obvious that the manager of the coffee shop was waiting for Li Fang 
to leave... 很明显,咖啡馆的经理在等李芳离开……
  句子分析:句子中        it 作形式主语,其后的从句才是句子的真正主语。一般来
 说,当宾语或者主语太长的时候,习惯用                  it 来作形式主语或者宾语,而把真正
 的主语和宾语放到后面。
 仿写:(1)   显然,如果没有你我不可能按时完成工作。
 ______________________________________________
 (2) 很显然,鼠标是计算机时代最佳的人机交互工具之一。它极大地方便了人
 们的计算机操作。但是,过分依赖鼠标的习惯也会带来一些不利影响。
 _________________________________________________                                                                                               
 4. The most energetic and important festivals are the ones that look forward 
 to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. 最富有生气而又最重要的节
 日就是告别冬天迎来春天的日子。
     句子分析:the ones     是定语从句的先行词,在从句中充当                 look 前的主语,
 人物则用关系代词        that。look forward to 表示“盼望”;to  是一个介词,一般在
 后面带上名词或者动词的           ing 形式。
 仿写:(1)   最令人兴奋的消息就是我们提前完成了这个任务。
 ______________________________________________ 
 (2) 对于孩子来说,最让他们期待的就是既有漂亮的衣服穿又有美味的食物吃
 的节日。
 ______________________________________________                                               
 (3) 我现在最需要的就是一个能和我一起分享快乐的朋友。
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 _______________________________________________                                                                                  
 (4) 孩子们盼望着万圣节,在那时候他们可以盛装打扮并互相捉弄。(look 
 forward to; dress up; play a trick on)
 ______________________________________________
 (5) 他日夜思念故乡,十分期待回归故里,所以这首歌常让他想起故乡。
 (remind…of)
 _______________________________________________                                               
                          SectionII.SectionII.  单元配套单元配套  
 一、重点词词形变换 
 1. I must          for not being able to meet you. I hope that you can accept 
 my        . (apology)
 2. Jane __________ her room to make it more ___________. (beauty)
 3. We can’t __________ on our parents all the time. We should learn to earn 
 our living to be more ___________.(dependence)
 4. Different people have different religious _________, and I have strong 
 ________ in God. (believe)
 5. Unless _________, you cannot come in my room. In other words, you can’t 
come in without my ___________.(permit)
 6. On your ________, please call me. (arrive)
 7. We will     Christmas Eve tonight and the classroom has been dolled up 
 already by the pupils for the         . (celebrate)
 8. You may not like him, but you have got to         his persistence and he 
 deserves your         . (admire)
 9. It is          that she is very clever and everybody can see that         . 
 (obvious)
 10. —You are not allowed to         in the         .
    —It’s really hard trying to find a        place for the car.
 二、活用本单元的短语
 1. We built a park                      the hero.
 2. Don’t believe him. He always                          . 
 3. She          going to the concert because she was crazy about S.H.E.
 4. He promised to come at 7 p.m., but he hasn’t _______ yet.
 5. He look at me ____________I were mad. 
 6. I can __________________ for about one minute.
 7. This story _______ me _______ my childhood.
 8. The fete(游园义卖会)will ____________ on Sunday, rain or shine.
 9. We are supposed to ____________ as movie characters for the party, 
 what a novel idea!
 10. You’ll sure to ____________ at the party _______ the children tonight.
 三、完形填空
     England was one of the first countries to set aside a day to recognize 
mothers. In the eighteenth century when many people worked as household 
servants for the   1  , “Mothering Sunday” was reserved for them to  2  
home to be with their mothers. Though this   3   stopped when the  
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 Industrial Revolution altered the working and living patterns of the people, 
one Sunday for mothers was established as a holiday in the twentieth century.
 In the United States, Mother’s Day did not become an   4   holiday until 
1915. Its establishment was due   5   to the perseverance and love of one 
 daughter , Anna Jarvis. Anna’s mother had provided strength and support as 
 the family   6   their home in West Virginia and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 
 where her father served as a minister. As a girl, Anna had helped her mother 
 take care of her garden.      
      When Mrs. Jarvis died on May 5, 1905, Anna was determined to   7  
her. She asked the minister at her church in West Virginia to give a 
sermon(布道) in her mother’s   8  . On the same Sunday in Philadelphia, 
their minister honored Mrs. Jarvis and all mothers with a  9   Mother’s Day 
Service. Anna Jarvis began writing to congress men, asking them to  10   a 
day to honor mothers. In 1910, the governor of West Virginia proclaimed the 
second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day and a year later every state  11   it.
     On Mother’s Day morning some American children   12   the tradition 
of serving their mothers breakfast in bed. Other children will give their 
 mothers   13   which they have made themselves or bought in stores . 
 Adults give their mothers red carnations(康乃馨), the official Mother’s Day 
 flower. If their mothers   14   they may bring white carnations to their grave 
 sites. This is the busiest day of the year for American  15 . On the special 
 day, family members do not want Mom to cook dinner!
 1. A. poor   B. rich    C. living      D. injured
 2. A. build   B. visit   C. return     D. phone
 3. A. custom  B. form   C. habit      D. plan
 断了。
 4. A. ordinary  B. official  C. open  D. international
 5. A. simply     B. deeply     C. largely  D. highly
 6. A. reached    B. found      C. left    D. made
 7. A. reward     B. persuade   C. honor      D. inspire
 8. A. memory  B. surprise   C. silence    D. turn
 9. A. difficult  B. general    C. simple  D. special
 10. A. put off   B. give up C. set aside  D. get away
 11. A. understood     B. celebrated  C. received      D. prevented
 12. A. support   B. refuse     C. accept     D. follow
 13. A. gifts      B. letters C. calls           D. toys
 14. A. went ahead    B. moved on   C. passed away     D. stayed up
 15. A. departments   B. restaurants C. offices               D. markets
 四、语法填空
      Christ child Market is a pleasant festival for children in Kitchener, 
Canada. My husband, my daughter and I attended 1     this year. 
      As we walked through Victoria Park, I breathed in the fresh smell of 
winter. The bare branches of the trees were shining with Christmas lights 2     
the new-fallen snow. In the open areas were children, parents, grandparents 
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 and their relatives, 3     smiling as they held their can dies in their hands 
and waited 4  (patience) for the magic event to begin. As we joined the 
crowds, we quickly forgot about that COM, for I saw the excitement of the 
children and the 5     (welcome) smiles of the people around me. Soon the 
crowd moved to Kitchener City Hall. In the distance we could see all the 
officials 6     (wait) for us. At the center of the square, the summertime 
fountain had turned to ice, 7     young children were playing about.
          8     the crowds walking into the square, the opening ceremony 
 began: songs, dances and 9           performances. Then the Christmas 
 lights on the Christmas tree were turned 10    , causing everyone to cheer 
 with delight. Christ Child Market officially opened!
 五、阅读理解
     People in the United States honor their parents with 2 special days: 
Mother’s Day on the second Sunday in May and Father’s Day on the third 
Sunday in June. These days are to show love and respect for parents. They 
raise their children and educate them to be responsible citizens. They give 
love and care. These two days offer an opportunity to think about the 
changing roles of mothers and fathers. More mothers now work outside the 
home and more fathers must help with child-care.
     These two special days are celebrated in many different ways. On 
Mother’s Day, people wear carnations. A red one symbolizes a living mother. 
A white one shows that the mother is dead. Many people attend religious 
services to honor parents. It’s also a day when people whose parents are 
dead visit the cemetery. On these days, families get together at home as well 
as in restaurants. They often have outdoor barbecues for Father’s Day. 
These are days of fun and good feelings and memories.
      Another tradition is to give cards and gifts. Children make them in 
 school. Many people make their own presents. These are more valued than 
those bought in stores. It’s not the value of the gift that is important, but “the 
thought that counts”. Greeting card stores, florists, candy makers, bakers, 
phone companies and other stores do lots of business during these 
holidays.
 1. Which is not a reason for children to show love and respect for parents?
 A. Parents bring up children.
 B. Parents give love and care to children.
 C. Parents educate children to be good persons.
 D. Parents pass away before children grow up.
 2. What can we learn from the passage?
 A. Both festivals are in May.
 B. Fewer women worked outside the home in the past.
 C. Not all the children respect their parents.
 D. Fathers are not as important as mothers at home.
 3. What do you know about “carnation”?
 A. It only has two kinds of color.
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B. It refers to the special clothes people wear on Mother’s Day.
C. It’s a kind of flower showing love and best wishes.
D. People can wear them only on the second Sunday in May.
4. On Mother’s Day and Father’s Day _______.
A. people usually have family parties 
B. everyone goes to the cemetery
C. children always go to parents’ home 
D. hand-made cards are the most valuable gifts
5. What do you think “florists” do in the last paragraph?
A. They sell flowers.
B. They make bread or pastry.
C. They offer enough room for having family parties.
D. They sell special clothes for Mother’s Day and Father’s Day.
六、基础写作
   中国的传统节日中秋节马上就要到了,你的美国笔友麦克请
你在他们的校报上介绍一下中秋节的情况,请你根据下表写一
篇短文。
【写作要求】只能使用          5 个英语句子表达全部内容。
【评分标准】句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。
一、核心单词
小练:1.(1)starved to death/died of starvation 
(2) starving for(3) were starved of 
小练:2.(1)     in the belief that(2)It is my belief(3) beyond belief
小练:3.(1)We all admire him for his courage and bravery.  
(2)I am not a great admire of her work. 
(3)I watched the girl playing the piano in admiration.
小练:4.(1) without permission   (2) Permitted   
(3) ask,for permission    (4) have my permission
小练  5(1)These photos remind me of my childhood.  
(2)Remind me to answer that letter.
二、重点词组
小练  1.(1) It looked as though he was ill.    
(2) 有些花在夜间收拢,好像它他要睡觉一样。
小练  2(1)in memory/honour of    (2)   in memory of
(3)in need of             (4)in favor of
小练  3(1)was dressed in    (2)dressed up as   
(3)dress themselves; dress them
小练  4(1)   on  (2)    being played 
小练  5(1)I am so much looking forward to your reply.  
(2)You can not expect me to do everything.   
(3)I hope that you will have a good time there.
小练  6(1)turn up  (2)turn; up  (3)turned out  (4)turned to
三、课文回顾       1. since 2. are held 3. their 4. arrival  5. with 
6. when   7. energetic 8. ones  9. taking  10. because
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 四、句子精析与仿写:
 1.(1) English is difficult to learn well in a short time,but Li Ming does .
 (2) Some people is hard to deal with, especially when experiencing the hard 
times.
 2(1) Li Hua speaks English very well as though he were an English man.
 (2)Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it happened yesterday.
 3(1) It is obvious that I can’t finish the work on time without you.
 (2)It is obvious that the mouse is a most effective device used by people to 
communicate with a computer,but it’s harmful to us relying on the mouse 
too much.
 4(1) The most exciting news is the one that we have finished the project 
ahead of time.
 (2) The most expected festival for children is the one that has beautiful 
 clothes to wear and delicious food to eat.
 (3) The most that I need is a friend who can share fun with me together.
 (4) The children are looking forward to Halloween when they can dress up 
and play tricks on each other.
 (5) He misses his hometown day and night and is looking forward to going 
back, so this song always reminds him of his hometown.

                          SectionSectionⅢⅢ..  单元配套单元配套  
 一、重点词词形变换 
 1. apologize, apology  2. beautified, beautiful  
 3. depend, independent  4. beliefs, belief 
 5. permitted, permission  6. arrival 7. celebrate, celebration 
 8. admire, admiration 9. obvious, obviously  10. park, park, parking
 二、活用本单元的短语
 1. in memory of  2. breaks his word    3. looked forward to    
 4. turned up  5. as though 6. hold my breath  7. reminds, of   
 8. take place  9. dress up  10. have fun, with
 三、完形填空
 1.B  联系前面的   servants 可以推知,此处指“富人”(the rich)。
 2.C  Mothering Sunday 是专门留给他们“回家”和母亲在一起的日子。
 3.A  根据文章的语境可知,此处说的是这一“风俗”(custom)因为工业革命而中
 4.B  本段介绍美国母亲节的由来。此处的意思是直到                     1915 年母亲节才成为
 “正式的”(official)节日。
 5.C  母亲节的设立“很大程度上”(1argely)是由于安娜所做的工作。
 6.D  make their home 意为“安家”。
 7.C 母亲去世后,安娜决定表示对她母亲的“尊敬” (honor)。由下文的                       14   a 
 day to honor mothers 可知答案。 
 8.A 请牧师布道以表示她对母亲的纪念。词组                  in one’s memory 意为“纪
 念……”。
 9.D 这里指通过设立“特殊的”母亲节感恩日来表达对她的敬意,选                         special。
 10.C  由第一段第一句可知选          set aside。指  Anna Jarvis 要求留出一天以表示
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 对母亲们的敬意。
 11.B 句中  it 指母亲节,所以此处指“庆祝”(celebrate)母亲节。
 12.D follow the tradition 意为“按照传统”。 
 13.A 这里指送给母亲的“礼物”(gift)。
 14.C 此处白色的康乃馨和上文中红色的康乃馨相对应,再结合选项的意思可以
 推知,此处指母亲“去世”(pass away)。go ahead“前进”;move on“往前走,前
进”;stay up“熬夜”。
 15.B 根据文章最后一句话可知,人人都不想母亲做饭,所以大家都会上馆子吃
 饭,因此最忙碌的应该是餐馆。
 四、语法填空
 1. it  前面提到  Christ child Market 这个节日,这里缺少宾语,所以用             it 指代
 这个节日。
 2. against  against 在这里是“以……为背景;衬托”的意思。在新雪的衬托下,
 树木光秃秃的树枝在圣诞节的灯光中熠熠生辉。
 3. all  前面提到“children, parents, grandparents and their relatives”,那么他
 们所有的人都在微笑,用           all 指代他们所有人。
 4. patiently  patience 的副词形式是   patiently。
 5. welcoming  welcoming 的意思是“热情的,欢迎的,友好的”。
 6. waiting  see sb. doing 表示“看见某人正在做……”。
 7. where  where 关系副词在从句中作状语表示前面的                at the center of the 
 square。
 8. With  with 在这里表示“随着……”
 9. other  前面提到唱歌、跳舞,那么这里就是其他节目。
 10. on  圣诞树上的圣诞灯被打开了,turn on            固定搭配。
 五、阅读理解
 1.D 此题是推断题。A、B、C           三项均是敬重父母的原因。 
 2.B 推断题。由第一段“More mothers now work outside ...”可知答案。           
 3.C 猜测题。见上表。
 4.A 细节题。由第二段          “On these days families...”可得知。 
 5.A 猜测题。florists “花商”,由全文最后一句并列名词及上文可推测该词义。 
 
  六、基础写作
      The Mid-autumn Festival, which is one of the most important traditional 
festivals in China, falls on August 15th of the lunar calendar every year. Not 
only is it popular in China but it is also celebrated in many other Asian 
countries. People believe that the moon is a symbol of reunion, luck and 
fortune, and it is a custom to express best wishes to the beloved ones at this 
particular time.On that day people usually go back home to have family 
reunion, enjoying a large meal with their family. They will also eat moon 
cakes, which are round cakes with meat, eggs, nuts and other things inside.
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