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2019 高考英语专题复习之记叙文写作要领

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中国现代教育网
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记叙文写作要领
      一、   记叙文说明

记叙文是以记人叙事为主要内容,以叙述为主要

表达方式的文体。


介绍人物的生平事迹,这是记人;

记述事情的发生发展和前因后果,这是记事。
1. 记叙文的要素

               六大要素


 人     时     地      事      原     结
 物     间     点      件      因     果
2. 记叙文的线索与顺序

 无论是记人还是叙事,总有一条线索贯穿在文章

 的始终。这条线索可能以记人为主,即以人物活

 动的先后顺序来写;也可能以叙事为主,即以事

 件发生发展的过程来写,使整个文章串连起来。
3. 记叙文的时态


 正确把握记叙文表达中的时态,关键问题是根据

 进程确定“时间立足点”:现在、过去、将来。

 围绕这三个立足点,根据行为、状态的情况采用

 “一般”、“进行”、“完成”等相应的形式。
         二  、基本句型

人物介绍

 1. 他们雇了一个叫汤姆的人。
   They hired a person named Tom.

 2. 他高个子,大眼睛。
   He is a tall man with big eyes.
3. 他擅长英语。
  He is good at English.


4. 他闲暇时经常听音乐。
  He usually listens to music in his spare time.
________ you may have,you should gather  your  courage 

to face the challenge.  

A. However a serious problem    B. What a serious problem 

C. However serious a problem    D. What serious a problem
5. 他的爱好是篮球。
  Basketball is his hobby.


6. 他毕业于第八中学。
  He graduated from No. 8 Middle School.
7. 他曾获英语竞赛第一名。
  He once got the first place in the English competition


8. 他友善并且随和。
  He is kind and easy-going.
叙述事件

 1. 故事发生在伦敦。
  The story happened in London.


 2. 起初,他没看见那个人。

   At first, he didn’t see the man.
3. 然后,他走到汽车那儿。
  Then he went over to the bus.


4. 过了一会儿,他上了小汽车。
  After a little while, he got on the car.
5. 后来,他掏出了枪。
  Later on he took out his gun.

6. 最后,他被捕了。
  At last, he was arrested.

7. 最终,学生们成功了。
  In the end, the students succeeded. 
         三  、较高级句型

写人

 1. I'm Wang Shan, a girl of sixteen, presently 

   attending Yangguang Middle School.  

 2. I get along with others easily, which is especially 

   useful for a volunteer.  
3. I’m ready to give help whenever it is needed.  


4. I will take trouble to adjust myself to the new 
  college life. 
         三  、较高级句型

写人

 1. I'm Wang Shan, a girl of sixteen, presently 

   attending Yangguang Middle School.  

 2. I get along with others easily, which is especially 

   useful for a volunteer.  
3. I’m ready to give help whenever it is needed.  


4. I will take trouble to adjust myself to the new 
  college life. 
写事

 1. Last night I was preparing for the coming examination 
   when the noise from my neighbor interrupted me. 


 2. Hearing this, a few people began to run after him. 
3. He fell with a cry. The car didn't stop but drove 

 off with great speed heading west. 


4. They each gave a speech telling us what they 
  would do when they were elected. 
5.The result was 28 to 15 in Wang Hong’s favor.  


6. We were tired but happy.  


7. The time passed quickly. Before we knew it, we 

  had to say goodbye to the workers. 
Have a nice day!
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