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  Module 6 Old and New
Introduction+ Cultural Corner
          
       Famous Structures                   in Chengdu 
             terminal building      Tang Dynasty
             accommodate            ['dainəsti,] 
             38 million
                                    300 mu
Shuangliu International      Dufu Thatched Cottage
Airport
                             [θætʃt]  ['kɔtidʒ] 

             world oldest dam/reservoir ['rezəvwɑ:] 
             civil engineering project 民用工程

Dujiangyan Irrigation 
system       [,iri'geiʃən] 
Introduction:  read and complete the sentences.

the longest
  What is the longestThe Great man-made Wall  structure in the world?

the biggest
  Which airport isHK the International biggest civil  engineering project?
           Airport

           The Three Gorges Dam
theWhich largest dam is the largest hydro-electric dam in the world?
                     man-made structure
           ItLength is the longest ________ _________ ever built.
the longest    The original wall was6,300 ____ kilometerslong ____.
           MostTime of of the completion great walls dates ____  from____ the MingDynasty _____.

          TheSize _______terminal  building is the largest  covered______ space 
          in the world.
the biggest TimeIt ____sixtook taken years /Cost to build and cost____ US$20 billion.
          It is designed toaccommodate ___________ 80  million passengers         
          a year.Function 

           TheFunction Three Gorges  Dam is the largest hydro-electric_________ 
the largest dam in the world, more than 1.5 km wide_____ across _____ 
           theWidth Yangtze River.
           ItsLength reservoir_______  is more than 500km ______.long
The world’s tallest structure is Burj Khalifa in Dubai. [də'bai] 
                        How tall is it?
        It is _______828  meters tall.

What is the world’s tallest building?
 Do you know some other tall buildings?
台北101大厦
 509 meters

Game time: Guess what is the building I 
             describe?
           The Empire State Building 

         Cultural Corner
The Empire State Building, New York

          How tall is it?
Reading: 
    Read and tick the aspects which are 
mentioned. 
   Length 
   Time of completion 
   Location 
   Size
   Height 
   Time taken  
   Cost 
   Function 
   Some facts  
Read the passage and the table again and fill 
in the following table:

          The Empire State Building 
 Time of 
 completion  It was finished in May 1931.
 Location 
             It was built in New York.

 Height      There are 102 storeys and it is 381 
             metres high.
 The most 
 impressive 
 fact
    The World’s Top 5 tallest Buildings (2010)
    building   city  year storeys height

 Burj Khalifa DubaiDiscussion2010 160 828m
WhyTaipei do 101 peopleTaipei build such2004 tall 101buildings?509m
 Petronas Towers Kuala Lumpur 1998 88 452m
 Sears Towers Chicago 1974 110 442m
 Jin Mao Building Shanghai 1999 88 421m
                Creation 
 Work in groups and design the world’s tallestcoolestlargest_____ 
structure in Chengdu. The following factors 
may be helpful:
 Name          Useful Expressions: 
 Size          It is named …             
 Height        It covers an area of …             
 Time taken    It is ….tall/long/wide 
 Cost          It’s…in width             
 Function      It will be built in                       
 Reason        It will take … to…       
 Draw a draft It will cost…               
               It will be used  as…
      Module6
Old and New
        Reading 
Check  the meaning of these words.
 carvings    construction   relic    site   temple
1 Carvings are made by animals.      (       )
2 Construction is another word for building.  (      
  )
3 Relics are things that were made in the last 100 
  years.   (       )
4 Site is another word for location.  (      )
5 A temple is a place of great importance to 
  Buddhists.  (      )
 2  Check the meaning of the words.
dream (v)    energy  generate  harness  historical   narrow
poem         power     power station      submerge    suggest
Now answer the questions. 
1. Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he dreamed 
  of “walls of stone …”. 
    Did Mao Zedong actually see the walls of stone?
  No, he didn’t.

2. The power of the Yangtze River has been 
  harnessed by the Three Gorges Dam. 
    Does this mean that the power can be used or 
  not?
  It means the power can be used .
 2  Check the meaning of the words.
dream (v)    energy  generate  harness  historical   narrow
poem         power     power station      submerge    suggest
Now answer the questions.
3. Sun Yat-sen first suggested the idea in 1919. 
    Did Sun Yat-sen think of the idea himself or hear 
  it from someone else?
  He thought it himself.

4. About 800 historical relics have been submerged. 
  Is it possible to see the relics now that they have 
  been submerged?
  No, it isn’t.
                  Swimming
I have just drunk the waters of Changsha
And come to eat the fish of Wuchang.
Now I am swimming across the great Yangtze,
Looking afar to the open sky of Chu.
Let the wind blow and waves beat,
Better far than idly strolling in courtyard.
Today I am at ease.
It was by a stream that the Master said  
"Thus do things flow away!"
Sails move with the wind.
Tortoise and Snake are still.
Great plans are afoot:
A bridge will fly to span the north and south,
Turning a deep chasm into a thoroughfare;
Walls  of stones will stand upstream to the west
To hold back Wushan's clouds and rain
Till a smooth lake rises in the narrow gorges
The mountain goddess if she is still there
Will marvel at a world so changed.
水调歌头 · 游泳 毛泽东
才饮长江水,
又食武昌鱼。
万里长江横渡,
极目楚天舒。
不管风吹浪打,
胜似闲庭信步,
今日得宽余。
子在川上曰:逝者如斯夫!
风樯动,龟蛇静,起宏图。
一桥飞架南北,
天堑变通途。
更立西江石壁,
截断巫山云雨,
高峡出平湖。神女应无恙,
当今世界殊。
  “更立西江石壁,截断巫山云雨,
  高峡出平湖,神女应无恙,                 毛泽东
  当惊世界殊。” 
          -1956《水调歌头-游泳》


¡ Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he 
  dreamed of “walls of stone to hold back 
  clouds and rain till a smooth lake rises in the 
  narrow gorges.”
Now his dream has come true.
        Fast Reading
Who first suggested the idea of 
      building this dam?
• 长江三峡:
•      西起重庆奉节县的白帝城,东至湖北宜昌市的南
  津关,由瞿塘峡、巫峡、西陵峡组成,全长191公
  里。


      harness/'hɑ:nis /
Qutang Gorge: 
  high cliffs
Wu Gorge:
 wonderful 
scenery and 
quiet beauty
              Xiling Gorge:
the longest and most dangerous; historical sites 
            with ancient relics


                          boat tracker
Put the paragraphs into different parts.

  Para. 1: Lead in 
                            Brief introduction
 Para. 2: Introduction

 Para. 3: Reasons or advantages  Advantages

 Para. 4: Disadvantages
                             Disadvantages
 Para. 5: Disadvantages
 Introduction 

Aim         to  control flooding and provide hydro-
            electric power for the central region of 
            china
Size        The dam is nearly 200 metres high and
             1.5 kilometres wide.
Expense     It has cost more than any other 
            construction project in history.

Conclusion  It is the largest hydro-electric power 
            Station and dam in the world.
   advantages         disadvantages

1. To control flooding; 1. Flooding cities;
2. To provide hydro-  2. People’s having to 
   electric power;       move;
3. To avoiding        3. Flooding historical 
   causing air           sites.
   pollution.         4. threatening the river's 
                             …
        …
                      Wildlife
Read the passage again and write questions for the 
answers.
 1. Why ___________________________was the Three Gorges Dam built  ?
   To control flooding and provide hydro-electric power.
 2. How high_________?is the dam     Two hundred metres.    
 3. How________________?wide is the dam   
       One and a half kilometres.
  4. Who   _______________________________      first suggested the idea of a dam across the Yangtze 
      ___________________________________?River
                   Sun Yat-sen.
  5.  How         much           ___________________________   of China’s energy is produced by 
     burning____________________________________? coal
                 Three quarters.
  6. How          many            ___________________________  villages were flooded when the 
     ____________________________________?dam was built
                 Four thousand.
Complete the paragraph using the words in the box.
wonderful   cliffs   river   gorge   sites  submerged  relics   lake
               The Three Gorges
   The Yangtze River, which flows for 6,380km, is the 
  longest ____river in China. The most beautiful part was the 
  Three Gorges. The Qutang Gorge, which was only 8 
  kilometres long, was famous for its high cliffs____. Wu 
  Gorge, which was 44 km long, was known for its 
  _________wonderful  scenery and quiet beauty. The famous 
  Xiling, which was the longest and most dangerous 
  ______,gorge  had many historical ____sites  with ancient _____.relics  
  This part of the Yangtze River was _________submerged  forever 
  in the artificial (人工的) ____lake  behind the Three Gorges 
  Dam.
Old and New
   1 Listen and tick the subjects that you hear.

a film about a dam   √            a map of China√
the Yangtze River√                  the Grand Canal
students from Vietnam√      the Great Wall of China   

 Now listen and check
2  Listen again and make a note of the information.
1.Where is the dam in the film?
2.What is the name of the book 
 with maps of China?
3.What time of year did the 
 woman visit the Three Gorges 
 Dam?
4.Who organised the visit of the 
 Vietnamese students?
2  Listen and check your answers.
1.Where is the dam in 
   the film?

  Egypt
2  Listen and check your answers.
2. What is the name of 
    the book with maps
    of China?

 Maps of 
 the World
2  Listen and check your answers.
3. What time of year did the 
 woman visit the Three Gorges 
 Dam?

December
2  Listen and check your answers.
4. Who organised the 
   visit of the Vietnamese 
   students?


     the government
 3   Listen again. Complete the sentences.

1. I’ve got a book here ____________that / which  has lots of maps of 
   China.
2. We took a boat ___________that / which went up the Yangtze River.
3. I’m writing an email to some people  _______who / --- I met on the 
   boat.
4. They were on a visit _________---  orgnised by the 
   government.
                 who
5. I spoke to a man, ______ said there were 25 American 
   students in the group.
Extra-Listening: Note-taking
Dialogue 1 
   The woman is looking for 
 ___________________a map of China  as she is trying to 
 find the Three____________________ Gorges Dam  from it . 
 The man recommended a book called 
 ______________________.Maps of the World
Extra-Listening: Note-taking

Dialogue 2 
The man saw a film about a dam last night, but 
 it wasn’t about the ___________________Three Gorges Dam  . It 
 was another dam ____________________in Egypt  and 
 he thought it was absolutely___________________. fascinating
Dialogue 3
The woman took a _________thatboat  went up 
 the __________________________Yangtze River  to 
 visit the Three Gorges Dam 
 _________________.in December  And she thought 
 the trip was _______________________.absolutely wonderful
Dialogue 4
The man was writing ____________an e-mail  to the 
 people from ______________Vietnam  who he 
 met on the boat. Actually those people 
 were ______________on a visit  organized by the 
 government.
                                        Non-defining 
attributive clauses
Find the relative clauses in the text and 
identify them. 
•  Possible answers:
1. Mao Zedong wrote a poem in which he dreamed of 
   “walls of stone ... ”
2. The power of the Yangtze River, which is the world’s 
   third longest river, has been harnessed by the Three 
   Gorges Dam.
3. The Three Gorges Dam, which is the biggest 
   construction project in china since the building of the 
   Great Wall and the Grand Canal, has been built to 
   control flooding and provide hydro-electric power for 
   the central region of China.
4. Sun Yat-sen, who was the leader of the 1911 
 Revolution, first suggested the idea of a dam 
 across the Yangtze River in 1919.
5. More than a million people who lived in the 
 region have moved from their homes.
Grammar 1-1. answer the questions:

1. Which of the attributive clause contain 
1.  a and d  contain essential information;
  essential information about the subject and 
    bwhich and c  containcontain  extraextra  information.information.
2.  Ifa  andyou  dtake don away’t,  but the b  andattributive c do because clauses, the do  
  themeaning sentences stands still without make  thesense? extra Why clause. or why 
3.  not?The one with extra information.
3. Which sentences have commas, the ones 
  with essential information or the ones with 
  extra information?

2)当先行词是专有名词或物主代词和指示代词所修
 饰时,其后的定语从句通常是非限制性的,例如
 :

Charles Smith, who was my former teacher, retired 
 last year. 查理·史密斯去年退休了,他曾经是我
 的老师。

My house, which I bought last year, has got a lovely 
 garden. 我去年买的的那幢房子带着个漂亮的花
 园。

This novel, which I have read three times, is very 
 touching. 这本小说很动人,我已经读了三遍。
3) 非限制性定语从句还能将整个主句作为先行词, 对其进
  行修饰, 这时从句谓语动词要用第三人称单数,例如:
     
He seems not to have grasped what I meant, which greatly 
  upsets me. 他似乎没抓住我的意思,这使我心烦。
     
Liquid water changes to vapor, which is called evaporation. 
  液态水变为蒸汽,这就叫做蒸发。

说明:关系代词that和关系副词why不能引导非限制性定
  语从句.
  Do activity 2 and check your answers:

1. Sun Yat-sen, who became President of the 
  Republic of China in 1912, died in 1925.
2. The building of the Grand Canal, which is the 
  world’s longest canal, began in 486 BC.
3. The section of the canal, which was built in the 
  seventh century, was mainly used for rice 
  transportation.
  Do activity 3 and check your answers:

1. The Yangtze river, which is more than 6,000 
  kilometres long , is the third longest river in the 
  world.
2. The Three Gorges Dam, which will generate a  large 
  amount of energy , is the biggest construction 
  project in China.
3. Mao Zedong, who is a great leader of China ,wrote a 
  poem about a dam across the Yangtze River.
Contraction of attributive clauses
Read the sentences , find out the meaning of them 
and underline the relative clauses.

1. I met a man my grandfather worked with 
  thirty years ago.
2. I met a man who my grandfather worked 
  with thirty years ago.
3. I wanted to visit the house that my 
  grandparents lived in.
4. The bus which I took back to my birth place 
  was full of visitors from other parts of China.
   Do activity 1 and check your answers:

1. Do the first two sentences mean the same thing?      
     Yes, they do.
1. In the first two sentences, who is the subject of the 
   verb work---the man or the grandfather?                   
     The grandfather.
1. Can the words that and which be removed from the 
   third and fourth sentences without changing the 
   meaning?                                                                   
      Yes, they can.
  Summary:

• 当引导定语从句的关系代词充当宾语时,
 可以省略。
• 当引导定语从句的关系代词充当主语时,
 则不能省略。
   Do activity 3 and check your answers:
1. They come from a village that was submerged in the 
   reservoir.
2. There are many people who prefer to live in village.
3. The dam that we saw in the film wasn’t the Three 
   Gorges Dam.
4. I’ve got a book that has lots of information about Zigui 
   County.
5. The students that I met near the reservoir were from 
   Vietnam.
6. I received an email from my cousin who lives near the 
   Three Gorges Dam.
  Do activity 4 and check your answers:
1. The dam they built provides a large amount 
  of power.
2. The power station we visited was very 
  modern.
3. The village my grandparents used to live is 
  near the lake.
4. The boat I took went from Wuhan to Zigui.


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