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18-19 人教版 必修一 Unit 4 Section Ⅰ 课时分层作业10

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高中英语审核员

中国现代教育网
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                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

                     课时分层作业(十)

                         [高考题型练习提能练]

     Ⅰ.阅读理解
                                    A
     When  an earthquake hit a small town,many houses fell down.After the 
 earthquake,all the newspapers reported many stories about some of the families who 
 were in trouble.
     One Sunday,when I was reading a newspaper,a special picture touched me.It 
 gave the clothing sizes of each family member.I thought that this would be a good 
 chance to teach my children to help those who were less lucky than themselves.I said 
 to my seven­year­old twins,Brad and Brett,and three­year­old Meghan,“We 
have so much,and these poor people now have nothing.We'll share what we have 

with them.”
     I filled a box with foods and clothes.While I was doing this,I encouraged the 
 boys to choose their toys and donate some of their less favourite things.Meghan 
 watched quietly as the boys took out their old toys and games and put them 
together.Then she walked away.A few minutes later,she came back with Lucy,her 

much­loved  doll.She put the doll on top of the other toys.“Oh,dear,”I 

said.“You don't have to give Lucy.You love her so much.”Meghan said,“Lucy 
makes me happy,Mummy.Maybe she'll make another little girl happy,too.”

     I looked at Meghan for a long moment.She taught me a lesson.It's easy to give 

something that we don't want any more,but hard to give what we cherish(珍爱),

isn't it?
     【语篇解读】 作者从女儿身上悟到了何为真正的给予。

     1.The writer has         children.
     A.one    B.two        C.three  D.four
     C [细节理解题。根据第二段“I said to my seven­year­old twins,Brad and 

 Brett,and three­year­old Meghan...”判断可知答案。]

     2.The underlined word“donate”in Paragraph 3 probably means“        ”.
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     A.捐赠     B.丢掉     C.展出      D.放好
     A [词义猜测题。由孩子们找玩具及“Lucy                    makes    me     happy,

Mummy.Maybe she'll make another little girl happy,too.”判断可知答案。]
     3.Lucy is the name of        .
     A.a girl  B.a game  C.a doll  D.an earthquake
     C [细节理解题。由第三段“...she           came back with Lucy,her much­loved 

doll.”判断可知答案。]
     4.What's the best title of this passage?
     A.A family story
     B.The spirit of giving
     C.The way of helping others
     D.A sad experience
     B [主旨大意题。全文介绍作者看了报纸报道地震之后许多家庭陷入困境,

 她想借此机会让孩子们学会关爱他人,结果女儿给自己上了一课。]

                                  B             【导学号:11132081】
     Buildings crashed to the ground in seconds.Thousands of people lost their lives 
in a flash.Since they were told an earthquake would hit Tokyo around September 
 16,Japanese people haven't been able to get these thoughts out of their minds.
     They heard the news from Yoshio Kushida,a researcher who used radio waves 
to predict that an earthquake would strike with a magnitude(量级) of at least 

seven.“It would be terrible not to warn people of a possible disaster in case a quake 
actually occurs,”he said.
     His warning had a big effect.Frightened Tokyo people have been stocking up on 
 water,food and candles in preparation for the terrible day.

     But Kushida hasn't had much support from the experts.At present,predicting 
earthquakes is thought to be impossible.No one can tell exactly where or when the 
next major earthquake will occur.An earthquake begins tens of miles below the 
earth's surface:it's too faraway to see.
     Ancient Chinese and Italian scientists forecast earthquakes by special“earthquake 
 clouds”.They found that a week  before an earthquake,there were often strange 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 clouds—shaped like snakes,waves or feathers—in the sky.They thought  the 
 clouds might come from a gas produced underground by an earthquake.
     People also used to watch animals to see if earthquakes were coming.When they 
saw birds fly away suddenly,dogs  barking violently or fish jumping out of the 
water,they told people to leave the area.Some scientists believed animals had  a 
 sharper sense of changes taking place underground.
     But the ancient methods were not reliable enough.Nowadays,scientists use 

 special instruments to predict  earthquakes' more precisely(精确地).
     Satellite systems are very useful:they record small changes in the earth's 
magnetic fields(磁场)which help show where and when an earthquake may strike.
     【语篇解读】 要准确地预测地震很难,但从古至今人们都尝试用不同手
 段对地震进行预测。

     5.Since they were told an earthquake would hit Tokyo,Japanese people        
 .

     A.have had no mind to do their work
     B.have always thought great damage it may cause
     C.have almost forgotten about it
     D.have bought all the foods in the markets
     B [细节理解题。由第一段最后一句的“Japanese people haven't been able to 
 get these thoughts out of their minds”可知。]

     6.Which of the following is TRUE?
     A.Tokyo people were surprised at the warning.
     B.Great  disasters would happen if people are not warned of before an 
 earthquake.
     C.Predicting earthquakes is completely impossible at present science level.
     D.According to ancient people,before an earthquake we can see strange 
 clouds anywhere.
     B [细节理解题。由第二段最后一句“It              would be terrible not to warn people 
of a possible disaster in case a quake actually occurs”可知答案。]

     7.Which is the best way to predict earthquakes nowadays?
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

     A.Watch animals.
     B.By special“earthquake clouds”.
     C.Use satellite systems.
     D.There's no way.
     C [细节理解题。由文章最后一段可看出答案。]

     8.Which can be the best title for the passage?
     A.Earthquake prediction.
     B.Magnetic fields.
     C.Earthquakes.
     D.An earthquake in Japan.
     A [主旨理解题。由全文可知,本文讲的是地震预报的重要性。]

     Ⅱ.阅读七选五
     If you have ever been discouraged because of failure,please read on.Often 

 achieving what you plan to do isn't the important thing.  1  
     Two brothers decided to dig a deep hole behind their house.While they were 
 digging,a few older boys stopped by to watch.“What are you doing?”asked one 

 of the visitors.“We plan to dig a hole all the way through the earth!”One of the 
 brothers volunteered excitedly.
     The older boys began to laugh,telling the younger brothers that digging a hole 
all the way through the earth was impossible.After a long silence,one of the diggers 
 picked up a jar full of spiders,worms and a wide variety of insects.  2  Then he 
 said quietly and confidently,“Even if we don't dig a hole all the way through the 
earth,look at what we found along the way!”
       3  And that is what a goal is for—to cause us to move in the direction we 
 have chosen,in other words,to have us digging!
     But not every goal will be fully achieved.Not every job will end successfully.Not 
every relationship will endure(持续).Not every hope will come to pass.Not every 
love will last.  4  
     So when you fail to reach your aim,perhaps you can say,“Yes,but look at 
 what I found along the way!Look at the wonderful things which have come into my 
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 life because I tried to do something!”It is in the process of digging that life is lived.  
 5  
     A.And I believe,in the end,it is joy in the journey that truly matters.
     B.He  opened the jar and showed the things contained in it to the laughing 
 visitors.
     C.Here are some tips for you.
     D.Not every dream will come true.
     E.Let me explain.
     F.Their goal was far too high,but it did cause them to dig.
     G.He broke the jar into pieces.
     【语篇解读】 本文是一篇议论文。作者通过一个故事讲述了一个道理:

 朝着你的目标努力吧,即使最后没有达到目标,你也会有许多惊喜和发现。

     1.E [E  项意为“让我来解释一下吧”,用此句引出一个事例来证明作者
的观点:通常完成你的计划并不是重要的事情。]

     2.B [B  项意为“他打开罐子把里面的东西给嘲笑他们的参观者看”,这

 与前面的“one     of the diggers picked up a jar full of spiders,worms and a wide 

 variety of insects”以及后面的“look at what we found along the way”相衔接。]
     3.F [F  项意为“他们的目标太高了,但正是这个目标使他们挖起来”,
 符合上下文语境。]

     4.D [此处与前面的“Not every...will”形成排比句。故选            D。]

     5.A [A   项意为“并且我认为,最终真正重要的是(实现目标的)过程中的

快乐”,与上文相衔接。]

     Ⅲ.语法填空
     We think that life in Chinese high schools is terrible,and we have to survive 
 mountains of homework and exams.Yet would it be 1.        (surprise)if I tell you 
 that high school life in the US is almost as terrible as it is in China?
     In US high school,everything 2.        (record)and graded,including your 
 grades on exams.Failing 3.        (turn)in your homework on time will directly 
 affect your grade for a certain course.Perhaps it's different from 4.         we used 
 to think of the US high school students;they pay great attention to their school 5.        
                中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

 (perform)to try to get into a famous university.Otherwise,they'll be disappointed 
 after graduation from high school.
     Like university students,US high school students have the 6.        (free)to 
 choose the courses that most interest 7.        (they).Even a ninth­grader can sit 
 in 8.         same classroom as 12th­graders.But this also means he or she has to 
 work very hard,9.         the teacher will not treat him or her differently because 
 he or she is a few years 10.        (young).
     1.surprising [空格处表示“此事令人吃惊”,因而应填                  surprising。]

     【解题策略】 “­ed”还是“­ing”
     有些词有两种形容词形式,即“­ed”形式和“­ing”形式。如:
 interested 与 interesting;developed 与 developing
     记住:“­ed”意为“人感到……”;“­ing”意为“令人……样的”
     如:an interesting book 令人感兴趣的书;He is interested in the book.他对那
 本书感兴趣。
     2.is recorded [由句意和句子结构可知,此处主谓之间是被动关系,结合
 上下文时态应使用一般现在时的被动语态。]

     3.to turn [此处表示“未能按时交上作业”,应使用“fail to do”这一搭配。
 ]
     4.what [此处句意为“与我们对美国中学生的看法相反”,由此可知应

 填连接词    what,what 从句做前面介词        from 的宾语。]

     5.performances [此处表示“关注他们的学业表现”,因而应填
 perform 的名词形式    performance。由前面定语      their 可知应用复数形式。]

     6.freedom [此处表示“做某事的自由”,因而应填                   free 的名词形式
 freedom。]

     7.them [由句意可知,此处意为“最使他们感兴趣的课程”,缺少宾语,
 应使用人称代词的宾格。]

     8.the [此处表示“坐在同一个教室里”,使用“the                     same+名词”这一
搭配。]

     9.because [由句意可知,前一句表示结果,后一句表示原因,应填连词
 because。]
               中国现代教育网    www.30edu.com  全国最大教师交流平台

    10.younger [空格部分暗含比较级,即表示“他或者她比别人年龄小几

岁”,应使用形容词的比较级形式。] 【导学号:11132082】
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